Pathology includes several types: acute hepatic dystrophy, chronic hepatic failure, portocaval shunting.
In acute hepatic dystrophy, generalized damage to the hepatic tissue occurs, which has arisen as a result of exposure to infections and toxins.
With hepatic dystrophy, damage to the liver tissue occurs.
Chronic liver failure is characterized by slow development, but the provoking factors are the same as in the first case.
Portal shunting is extremely rare, but this does not diminish the danger of this pathology. In the presence of an ailment, vascular anastomoses are formed, through which blood flows directly into the general bloodstream.
Reasons for refusing food and vomiting
If the body temperature rises, the dog may vomit.
The reasons why food and water refusal and vomiting may be present may be as follows:
- parvovirus gastroenteritis;
- the presence of a foreign body in the lumen of the stomach or intestines;
- intestinal intussusception;
- organ failure;
- increased body temperature.
Why does the dog not eat or drink anything, is constantly lying and sluggish: cold nose
Unfortunately, pets are often exposed to various diseases and suffer no less than their people.
Intestinal obstruction is a serious pathology in which the pet dies if timely assistance is not provided.
Blockage can occur from eating brittle bones.
How to feed a struggling puppy, breeder info!
- blockage of the intestine by foreign bodies;
- vascular embolism.
Blockage can occur due to eating fragile bones or swallowing foreign objects. pieces of wire, pebbles, a piece of polyethylene. This type is called ileus. In babies, clogging of worms with crowded tangles is possible.
Infringement may occur due to volvulus of the stomach or infringement of a hernia.
A significant amount of air or fat can accumulate in the cavity of the vessels, as a result of which there is a blockage of blood vessels and obstruction.
Why the dog doesn‘t eat anything or drink water?
Dog may refuse food due to stress.
The reasons why a dog refuses food and water can be quite explainable in terms of psychological factors:
- poor feed quality;
- spoiled food;
- stale water;
- dishes are not suitable;
- changing the place of dishes;
- advanced age of the animal;
- seasons, such as winter;
- constant consumption of only liquid food;
- moving to a new place.
However, the listed reasons should be taken into account when there are no additional symptoms, for example, nausea and vomiting, pronounced fatigue, dull hair and a general unkempt appearance, symptoms of colds or pain.
General preventive measures
As you know, the best treatment is good prevention. In order to avoid unpleasant surprises, you should be extremely attentive to your pets.
It is necessary to carefully monitor the quality of feed.
- A timely medical examination is a guarantee of good health and well-being of your pet.
- The quality of the feed must be carefully monitored. do not take risks and do not experiment with new brands from unknown manufacturers.
- Always carefully study the composition and possible vitamin and mineral supplements.
- If you want to supplement the diet with useful substances, consult your doctor.
- Systematic deworming is also important. It is necessary to periodically deal with the treatment of the dog from fleas, carefully examine the skin for ticks.
- Eliminate access to household chemicals. poisons, paints and varnishes.
- Dishes and habitat of the dog must be systematically sanitized and disinfected.
- In addition, arranging a place for an animal to live, you should exclude the possibility of drafts and dampness. also the possibility of overheating from direct sunlight.
Before the arrival of the doctor, the temperature should be measured.
- Before the arrival of the doctor, the temperature should be measured.
- It is forbidden to feed and drink forcibly.
- If you have diarrhea and no vomiting, you can try to replenish the lost fluid. To do this, prepare a solution: for one liter of boiled water, take 3.5 g of table salt, add baking soda in an amount of 2.5 g, potassium chloride in a dose of 1.5 g and sugar in an amount of 20 g. ml per kilogram of body weight. If there is a Ringer-Locke solution in the house, then this solution can be replaced.
- Medication is prescribed only by a doctor.
- The first sign of recovery is appetite.
Parvovirus is the smallest virus that infects vertebrates.
Resistant to environmental influences, withstands low temperatures, adapts well to high temperatures. Only boiling kills the virus. All types of dogs are at risk of disease, regardless of breed.
The main outbreak occurs in spring, continues in summer and autumn, and decreases in winter. Young individuals who have not reached the age of one year are more susceptible due to poorly developed immunity. But older dogs also run the risk of becoming infected when the immune system is already significantly weakened.
Younger dogs are more susceptible to the disease.
Pets who have been ill and sick at the moment are spreading the disease.
Feeding at the same time every day
Feed your pet twice a day, at the same time or as directed by your veterinarian. Often the dog is healthy and energetic, but distracted, does not finish his food and leaves. Do not leave the bowl for the whole day, remove it after half an hour, even if the dog has not eaten all the food. The dog will quickly figure out what to eat when the owner is providing food. There will be no snacks, and problems with appetite will go away on their own.
Dogs can react to stressful changes in their environment. Pets love to have everything in the house consistent with their own sense of order. An unusual environment, the arrival of a new family member or pet can make the dog anxious, and stress can affect appetite. A sad pet will eat poorly or refuse to eat until it feels safe and calm again.
Analyzing different causes and situations will help you decide which problem is causing your appetite to change and restore a healthy diet. The owner knows his dog best and will pay attention when he sees any change in his behavior.
Pain can cause complete indifference to food. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to easily determine by the behavior of a pet that he is tormented by pain. Symptoms are usually unclear, especially if the dog tries to hide during illness.
Nevertheless, there are a number of signs by which you can determine that a pet is experiencing pain syndrome:
- The dog whines or growls more often. If the dog is behaving louder than usual, you should be alert.
- Lameness when a pet presses on an area is an obvious sign of pain.
- Dogs in pain lick their paws constantly, trying to calm themselves. When animals are in pain, one of their first instincts is to cleanse the wound by licking it. Even if there is no wound, animals will still lick this area, trying to get rid of the pain.
- Many dogs will sleep more when they are in pain because they are trying to heal in this way or have difficulty walking. There is a loss of appetite, a change in the way you eat and the amount of water you drink.
- Altered breathing signals a problem. Breathing is shallow and rapid. These could be signs that the animal is hurting to breathe.
- If your dog is in pain, the pain may prevent it from sitting or lying down. It is worth being alert when the pet is sitting, lying in an unusual position, or cannot remain in place. For example, over and over again tries to sit or lie down and almost immediately gets up, and moves again.
- Aggressive behavior is a sign of pain. When animals are injured, many of them go into protection mode and try to force the owner to stay away. The pet subconsciously fears that the owner will hurt. An obedient dog suddenly begins to growl, presses his ears to his head and even bites if the owner does something that bothers him. Usually aggressive dogs sometimes exhibit the opposite behavior.
When refusing food and water is the norm?
If the dog always empties the bowl, eagerly waits at the dinner table for each portion, the owner will be alerted by the sudden refusal to eat. But in some cases, a lack of appetite is a normal reaction of the animal.
- The disease takes the dog’s strength. An exhausted body is not ready to process food. Make sure your pet has the opportunity to eat.
- The second half of pregnancy can provoke a short-term refusal to eat. The dog can significantly lose weight or gain weight. It is important that fasting is not accompanied by a refusal of water and heavy breathing.
- Excessive nutrient saturation. Sometimes the dog’s body receives a surplus of food, in such cases a break is needed so that the food is absorbed and the dog feels normal.
- Stress or bad mood. Refusal to eat can be caused by being rude, taking a short walk, or being frightened. The dog rarely refuses more than one meal.
- In the case when the dog is not in danger, it is cheerful, there is no temperature. If the dog has a cold and wet nose, there is no need to treat the pet.
The reasons for the refusal of a healthy dog from food are described in the video. The video is presented by the channel “Me and my tail”.
Heat, second half of pregnancy and childbirth
Hormonal changes often affect your dog’s appetite. Heat can be one of the reasons for refusal to eat. During estrus, sex hormones are released in large quantities, which can cause the animal to become less active and cause poor sleep. Sometimes bitches in heat have problems with well-being, as well as pain and discomfort. The dog does not want to eat or drink.
During pregnancy, due to the restructuring of the body, the water-salt and protein balance is disturbed. Deviations can lead to decreased appetite or complete refusal to eat. In cases where refusal of food does not exceed one or two feedings, you do not need to worry.
Signs indicating that the dog is sick and you need to see a specialist:
- the animal is weak;
- the dog is not active;
- barely moves and lost weight;
- sad and does not play;
- vomiting is observed;
- refusal to eat lasts for the second day.
Lack of appetite is also normal in a situation where the dog has given birth. An animal may not eat after experiencing a colossal load, which is childbirth.
An excess of nutrients
Often, the owners, fearing that the dog does not receive enough nutrients, can go too far with vitamin and mineral supplements. In this case, refusal to eat is often observed, while the dog can be active, but thin. In no case should you overfeed the dog or force him to eat, it is worth letting the animal recover.
Inexperienced dog lovers are afraid of situations when the dog is lethargic and refuses to eat in the heat. It is possible that the cause of this behavior may be a disease or a tick bite.
If the veterinarian has confirmed that the animal is healthy, you just need to adhere to the following rules:
- Make sure the animal always has access to water. In hot weather, a state of dehydration occurs, which is dangerous for the dog’s body. You need to change your drink twice a day.
- You should feed your dog early in the morning and late in the evening when the heat subsides. At this time, the pet will be able to eat more food.
- Reduce the number of feedings.
- In the case when the owner is afraid or does not want to feed the animal less often, it is worth reducing the calorie content of the food consumed by the animal.
- Trying to seduce your pet with tasty food should be avoided. Have the dog eat as much food as it sees fit.
- You can freeze fruit or part of your food. Due to the anatomical structure, the dogs are not susceptible to sore throat, and a piece of ice will help to cheer up. Do not give your dog ice cream, it is too high in calories and can harm the animal.
Infectious viral or bacterial diseases
Infectious diseases caused by bacteria are the most common in dogs. Most of these can seriously affect a dog’s condition and appetite.
Common bacterial diseases affecting your dog include:
- Bortadella or Kennel Cough. Upper respiratory infection, usually caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica.
- Leptospirosis. A bacterial disease caused by a spirochete (a type of bacteria) is transmitted through contact with a dog’s urine. Symptoms include vomiting, decreased urination, dark urine, and fever.
- Spotted fever is a tick-borne disease. Rickettsia rickettsii bacteria are carried by ticks and transmitted to the dog through the bite. It is a contagious disease. Signs and symptoms in dogs. lethargy, depression, high fever, loss of appetite, cough, conjunctivitis, difficulty breathing, leg swelling, and joint and muscle pain.
Viral infections in dogs are often easy to treat, some of which can be fatal.
Here are some of the most common viral infections to protect your dog from:
- Parvo is a viral infection that affects dogs. Although the disease affects pets of all ages, puppies are more susceptible to the disease. Contagious infection spreads through contact with dog saliva, vomit and feces.
- Plague is another viral infection. The virus is associated with human measles and is highly contagious. Young puppies and older dogs are much more susceptible, but an adult dog that has not been properly vaccinated can become infected.
- Canine hepatitis is another common viral infection in dogs. It mainly attacks the liver. The disease rarely affects older animals. Most dogs get sick before the age of one.
The dog does not eat anything What to do?
Dog breeders know that there are times when the dog does not eat anything, as if it is arranging a fasting day. But at the same time, she looks active and healthy. However, it happens that a dog refuses food not for the sake of unloading.
Important Chihuahua Feeding Rules: Approximate Diet
To protect the growing body of a puppy from intestinal diseases, it must be fed strictly according to the clock. From 2 to 3 6 times a day, up to four. 5 times a day, up to six months. 4 times a day, up to a year. three times a day. An adult Chihuahua eats in the morning and evening, for example, at 7 and 19 o’clock or at 8 and 20, but not before bed. An elderly dog, over 11 years old, it is usually sufficient to feed once a day.
In order not to raise a pet that is too picky about food, by and large, you need to make it so that he does not know at all that there is other food in the world besides the one in his bowl. That is, you cannot treat a dog with any goodies.
If the owner decides to feed the Chihuahua with natural food, then he must take into account that the puppy must be provided with regular meals for up to one year old: boiled beef, calcined cottage cheese, boiled vegetables with the addition of vegetable oil, offal (liver, kidneys, lung), oatmeal or buckwheat, boiled egg, boiled sea fish.
An adult dog should be provided with a diet in which meat (and offal), cereals (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal) and vegetables are balanced in proportions: 30% to 40% and 30%. Vitamin and mineral supplements and kefir, cottage cheese, fruits are also needed. Adult
The dog does not eat from the bowl
There are several reasons for a dog not wanting to eat from its own bowl. The first, the most common, is that the dog simply has no appetite, but it takes food from its hands, not wanting to completely upset you. The lack of appetite can be explained by illness or satiety of the dog. If the disease is excluded, then most likely the dog is simply spoiled and there are two ways out. Either continue to follow the lead of your beloved dog and feed it only from your hands, or after five minutes, put the untouched portion in the refrigerator and offer it in the next feeding until you start eating.
Dogs get used to good things quickly, like all living things, probably 🙂 Usually, a dog does not eat from a bowl after an illness. Many owners, wanting to feed the sick pet at all costs, change their usual food for something more tasty and offer pieces from their hands. The dog is gradually recovering, but continues to insist, ignoring the bowl. At the same time, with all his appearance, he demonstrates terrible hunger, makes unhappy eyes. Viet of you ropes, in a word 🙂
Puppies are more difficult. One day the owner of my puppy called me and began to complain that the little one was eating from the floor, from his hands, and he didn’t fit a bowl for a cannon shot. The owner thought that the puppy was naughty and stopped pouring food on the floor. So the bowl stood untouched for more than a day. I asked to bring the puppy to the clinic, where I conducted a full examination. Nothing, everything is clean! Then I came to visit them and asked for food in front of me. We need to figure out what kind of mysticism is this ?! The owner took out a bag of food. The puppy immediately perked up and started spinning around the owner, jumping up and down. It can be seen that he is hungry. The food was poured into a bowl and offered to the baby. He immediately changed his mind and began to back away from the bowl. Then I had some guesses and I asked to pour
Why doesn‘t a Chihuahua dog eat anything?
If the dog is lethargic and does not eat anything for a long time, but at the same time nothing hurts him, it is necessary to establish a diagnosis. To do this, you need to contact a 24-hour veterinary clinic and conduct a series of tests.
The veterinarian may recommend other tests as well, perhaps after noticing some symptoms or after studying her medical history.
In some cases, the fact that the dog does not eat anything is the norm
Often, a dog has such periods in life when it does not feel like eating. And that’s okay. For example, in many bitches it decreases or disappears altogether.
What to do if your dog doesn‘t eat anything?
Experienced dog breeders know that there are times when a pet arranges for itself a “fasting day” and refuses to eat. The main thing is that at the same time the dog is active and healthy, then there is no reason for excitement, but there are other circumstances.
If we put aside the suspicion that the animal is sick, there are several reasons for refusing to feed:
- Lack of physical activity;
- Resentment against the owner or a stressful situation (for example, moving);
- Hot weather (not only dogs have no appetite at this time);
- Reluctance to eat this or that food (in this case, the duration of the hunger strike depends on the dog’s stubbornness). Some individuals stubbornly, for several days, refuse to hate porridge or vegetables and do not eat anything, they have to change their diet;
- A sharp change in diet (for example, switching from feed to natural food and vice versa).
If the pet does not have any signs of illness, a day of fasting will not cause much harm. Put a bowl of food in the place of feeding (if the pet has not touched the food in 10-15 minutes, you can remove it before the next feeding). Water should always be fresh and abundant. When the time comes for the next feeding, give the dog the same food, do not increase the portion, do not make indulgences (put off the persuasion and “goodies” before dinner for later), if the dog refuses again. just remove the food. By the evening, the pet will get hungry. and the problem will be solved by itself. If the dog is old or undergoing medical treatment, give food in small portions, but according to the regimen. Digesting food requires a lot of energy, so small portions are faster and easier to digest.
The dog doesn‘t eat. Maybe she’s sick?
Decreased interest in food can be triggered by diseases of the teeth and gums (watch your dog: if he comes up to a bowl, starts eating, but cannot chew food. this may be due to dental problems). Ear infections, trauma, helminthic infestations also often contribute to a decrease in appetite. The fact that the animal is in pain will tell:
- Sleeping too long;
- Decreased physical activity;
- Irritability, restless behavior;
- Difficulty breathing or shaking.
If a pet has a digestive disorder, this may be accompanied not only by appetite disorders, but also by pain in the gastrointestinal tract, vomiting, and upset stools. The reason for this behavior can also be an infection: if the dog does not eat for more than 2 days, it is imperative to show it to the veterinarian. You can determine the cause of the disease using;
- General blood test;
- Visual examination, ultrasound and X-ray;
- ACTH stimulation test.
Veterinarians may use other tests and tests after examining the patient and reviewing their medical history. Do not delay a visit to the doctor and do not self-medicate, because sometimes loss of appetite can be the first herald of a serious illness.!
Pathological causes of loss of appetite
Stress can be the reason for refusing food. For example, she recently suffered a move or was scared by something (thunderstorm, loud noise). In this case, the pet needs to be given more attention, at the moment it needs affection.
We need to give the animal time to deal with stress. Skip feeding, maybe not one, but two. The next day, you need to add food and observe whether the situation has changed.
If, after skipping a feed the next day, the dog’s appetite is okay, then there is no cause for concern. Perhaps the dog just arranged a relief for his body. People also have moments when they don’t feel like eating for no apparent reason.
If the dog is not eating anything, it can indicate health problems ranging from minor to the most serious. Pathological reasons for refusing to eat:
- Disease of the stomach. As a rule, in addition to refusing to eat in such cases, the animal begins to vomit. If this symptom does not go away for three or more days, this is a reason to contact your veterinarian.
- The presence of worms. Parasites interfere with the normal functioning of the digestive tract. The animal has apathy and lethargy.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system. In addition to loss of appetite, symptoms such as nausea, dry cough (coughing) are observed. You will need a qualified specialist.
- Toothache. The pet refuses to eat because it hurts him to chew. You can hardly do without visiting a veterinary clinic.
- A distended belly in a dog that doesn‘t eat anything may indicate volvulus.
- Infectious diseases. The sick animal does not want to eat. over, even ear disease can discourage a dog’s appetite.
– I do not want.
If the dog is lethargic and lies down all the time, you need to observe it and find out if there are other symptoms. For example:
- hard breath;
- decreased or complete lack of activity, the dog lies mainly on its side;
- the animal hunches its back;
- snaps at the touch of the owners;
- sleeps for a long time.
A dog that does not eat, but only drinks, could get sick with something more serious. Such diseases include diabetes mellitus, Cushing’s syndrome, inflammation of the uterus, Addison’s disease. It is almost impossible to independently determine what exactly the dog is sick with without tests. There is no need to risk the health (and, possibly, life) of the animal, you need to go to the veterinary clinic for examination.
Changes in the stool and urine of the animal will also indicate a serious illness. Blood impurities are not normal. If the dog does not eat, only drinks water and is sluggish at the same time, this can signal kidney problems.
What to do if your dog is not eating well or at all?
The caring owner always sees if something is wrong with the pet. Food in a dog’s bowl can mean one thing. the dog didn’t eat it.
If this is a one-time shot and the dog does not feel discomfort, then there is no cause for concern. If this is observed for several days, then it is worth identifying the cause. Next, we will figure out what to do if the dog does not eat.
Common Reasons Why A Dog Stops Eating
When it’s ok
If the dog (or puppy) is not eating, but there is no change in normal behavior, then don’t worry. It is not necessary to force, persuade, try to feed from the hand. Skipping a feed is not dangerous for your dog. It is normal to live half a day or even a day without food for an animal.
German shepherd puppies
Possible reasons why the animal has no appetite:
- During heat, the bitches may not want to eat at all or eat less than usual. This is normal. A veterinarian is needed if the cycle is over, but the dog’s appetite has not appeared.
- Males become irritable during the period of their sexual heat and often refuse to eat at such moments.
- A feature of large breed puppies is the jumps in food needs. Their strong feeling of hunger is replaced by complete indifference to food.
- During teething, puppies may refuse to eat. You can offer him soft food, you can give him something cool to relieve pain.
- A dog may have poor appetite in hot weather. She needs more water in the summer.
- Recently transferred anesthesia can discourage an animal’s appetite for a couple of days.
- The introduction of new mineral supplements or vitamins in the diet can provoke a decrease in appetite.
- Dogs that have unloved foods may refuse food if they smell it. This often happens to capricious individuals.
- The animal wants variety. That is, they give him the same food for a long time, and he is simply tired of him. Try to vary your food. Give your pet fish or vegetables.
- If the dog is fed with something in between feedings, then it may refuse to eat due to the fact that it is already full. This often happens when the animal gets something from the master’s table. For the same reason, the dog may decide that its food is not tasty enough and will wait for it to get something from the table.
- Inactive lifestyle. If you walk a little with the dog, it does not waste energy, then there may be no appetite. Increase the duration and / or frequency of walking and watch for changes.
- Serving size incorrectly calculated. Perhaps the dog is being given more food than it needs, and it does not have time to get hungry until the next feed. Give her half of her usual serving.
If the dog eats poorly, but at the same time is active, then nothing bothers him. The animal may lose the desire to eat for a short period of time, but this is quite normal.
What to do when your dog refuses to eat?
Reasons why a puppy doesn‘t eat can be commonplace.
- If he was just weaned from his mother and brought to a new home, he may not eat due to melancholy.
- He is used to a certain diet and does not want (or is afraid) to eat something new.
- He doesn‘t like food.
- The bowl smells of other animals.
When a puppy refuses to eat, the first step is to identify the cause. If he has just been brought home, it is necessary to ensure that he has a quiet stay during the first few days. Let him get used to the owners and to the new place. Do not bring it to your home when there are a lot of guests.
It is imperative to find out from the previous owners what kind of food the puppy is used to. Even if you think it is wrong, at first let him eat what he is used to. It will be necessary to transfer to a new diet later and this should be done gradually.
If it is not possible to feed with what he was fed earlier, it is necessary to choose the food that will suit the puppy‘s taste. The main task at this stage is to regain appetite and not lose immunity.
What else to do if your puppy is not eating well? Introduce vitamins and supplements into the diet. They will help strengthen the pet’s immunity and improve digestion when switching to a new diet. Prebiotic drinks for dogs often come to the rescue here. With their help, you can solve two problems at once. to strengthen the immune system and improve appetite.
If an adult pet loses its appetite, the best option is to visit a veterinarian.
What not to do?
If your dog refuses to eat today but eats tomorrow as if nothing had happened, do not give him an increased portion. Sometimes the owners feel that the missed feed should be compensated for. No, don’t. Give the usual portion as usual.
If the dog has refused food once, but there are no other symptoms, do not pamper him. Often, after the first refusal, the owners begin to give other food or harmful snacks from their hands. So the dog will understand that the owner can be manipulated. Thus, by solving one problem, the owners acquire another. This pampering will come out sideways for them and the dog will not benefit.
If the animal refuses to eat in the morning, wait about half an hour and put the food in a cold place. You can’t leave a bowl of food all day. Do not give her snacks until the evening feed. Until the evening, only water. Do not feed her any other food or from your table. In the evening, just warm up and give a morning serving.
Leaving the food left the dog can eat a little throughout the day and will get used to it literally the first time. This provokes a disturbance in appetite. You can not break the regime because of one or two refusals to eat.
If it is hot outside and the dog drinks, but eats little (or does not eat at all), do not take him for a walk. Let her sit out the heat in a cool place.
A wet and cold nose and activity of the dog indicate its normal condition. If the dog refuses to eat, but its condition has not changed, then everything is fine with the animal. Always watch for changes in behavior and condition. If the animal is sick, then it is unlikely that this will not attract the attention of a caring owner.
Diagnosis of diseases
Refusal to feed, accompanied by lethargy. a reason to immediately contact your veterinarian. To make an accurate diagnosis, the following series of necessary tests are performed:
- general clinical analysis of blood and urine;
- blood chemistry;
- scraping and taking biological fluids for bacterial inoculation on nutrient media;
- ultrasound diagnostics.
In controversial cases, to confirm the preliminary diagnosis, an X-ray examination and endoscopy are prescribed.
The puppy eats nothing and is lethargic
A healthy and happy puppy always has a good appetite. Small puppies are actively growing and developing, both physically and mentally. Metabolic processes occur in their body much faster than in older relatives. These processes require a lot of energy, respectively, high-quality food.
If the pet refuses to feed, you should be vigilant and carefully observe the pet. In some cases, refusal to feed indicates serious disturbances in the functioning of the body.
The reasons for refusing food, lethargy and apathy in a puppy can be all sorts of factors. A number of them refer to variants of the physiological norm, while others, on the contrary, are provoked by an infection or inflammation in the baby’s body. The appearance of such symptoms as refusal to feed, lethargy and apathy. a reason to immediately contact a veterinary clinic for advice.
Dogs, unlike other domestic animals. cats, are more often active and cheerful. But it’s not always the case. It happens that suddenly the baby’s appetite disappears, he feels depressed and depressed. Boredom, stress, as well as serious disturbances in the work of the myocardium and blood vessels, malignant neoplasms can serve as factors provoking such behavior.
In cases where the puppy does not eat anything and is lethargic, veterinarians identify the following reasons:
- A sharp drop in blood sugar is hypoglycemia. Pathology is characterized by loss of strength, lethargy and apathy. In addition to lethargy and refusal to feed, the animal has a strong pallor of visible mucous membranes, a decrease in the total body weight, and the appearance of a repulsive odor from the oral cavity. In advanced cases of hypoglycemia, in addition to the above signs, the dog suffers from convulsive phenomena in the muscles, problems with coordination of movements.
- Digestive tract pathologies. Among the dangerous diseases that affect the general condition of the animal, there are ulcerative lesions of the walls of the stomach and inflammatory processes. In addition to the lack of appetite, the puppy has an eruption of gastric contents. Due to the fact that the stomach is empty, vomit may have a foamy appearance with a yellowish tinge.
- Intoxication provoked by the intake of drugs, toxic substances, plants and poisons found in expired products. The puppy does not eat or drink, there is severe lethargy, dyspeptic disorders, violation of the act of breathing (characterized by a superficial type of breathing). Visible mucous membranes are pale.
- Exhaustion with malnutrition. A sharp deficiency of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates, as well as vitamin and mineral complexes, leads to disruptions in the production and supply of the necessary energy to all cells of the body.
- Lack of attention from the owner. a bored pet becomes lethargic. Noticing that the puppy is bored and lethargic, you need to try to cheer him up, attract him to active games. As soon as a person gets himself a pet, he must understand that it is necessary to pay enough attention, play, train, look after and caress the baby. Otherwise, the animal can get sick psychologically. Each time you need to pick up new toys for your pet, replacing the old and boring ones with them.
- Hypothermia. Hypothermia occurs as a result of fluctuations in body temperature indicators within 37 degrees. The cause of hypothermia can be cold, traumatic factors, pathologies of the central nervous system, diseases of the myocardium and blood vessels, endocrine disorders.
- Pyroplasmosis. A dangerous infectious disease caused by blood parasitic organisms can provoke dangerous complications. The carriers of piroplasmosis are ixodid ticks. Without timely initiation of treatment, degenerative processes occur in the liver, resulting in death. Symptoms of an animal’s piroplasmosis infection are a sharp loss of appetite, fever, dark urine, severe lethargy and apathy.
- Plague of carnivores. An acute infectious viral disease manifested by a pronounced clinical picture a few days after contact with the pathogen. Distemper can be fatal in puppies. In some cases, the animal survives, but its central nervous system is impaired. Often, against the background of distemper, serious disturbances in the work of the digestive tract develop. Signs of distemper are. refusal to feed, lethargy, fever, seizures and exudate from the nasal passages.
- Diseases of the oral cavity. Inflammatory processes in the gums, ulcerative lesions and abscesses provoke the appearance of severe painful sensations during meals. The puppy may refuse to eat, will be lethargic due to severe discomfort.
- Infectious lesions of the ear canal. When a dog’s ear canal is infected with pathogenic bacterial or fungal microorganisms, severe itching occurs. As a rule, the pathological process develops in the area of the outer part of the ear canal. At these stages, food withdrawal and lethargy are not observed. But over time and the development of the focus of inflammation, the middle, and sometimes the inner ear is affected. In such cases, the pet will be lethargic, apathetic, refuses food and water. Signs of damage to the ear canal are. severe itching, head shaking, attempts to scratch the ear and whining.
In addition to the above reasons for the puppy‘s refusal to eat and the appearance of lethargy, there are other pathologies. So, to provoke discomfort in the dog, stress and refusal to feed, skin diseases can. The animal constantly feels unbearable itching, itching and nervousness. Sleep is disturbed, the pet refuses to play and long walks.
Recently, malignant diseases have been diagnosed more often in clinical veterinary practice. Oncological pathologies can affect any organs and systems. Symptoms can be erased, and the disease does not manifest itself for a long time. As soon as tumor growth progresses, the amount of toxic substances in the blood increases, characteristic signs appear. refusal to feed, lethargy, apathy, vomiting and indigestion.
Other diseases of viral etiology can also provoke a puppy’s refusal to eat. One of these diseases is viral hepatitis caused by adenovirus type 1. The pathological process is localized in the cellular structures of the liver, affecting the most important filter of the body. Against the background of damage to the liver, a number of dyspeptic disorders arise, including refusal to feed. Diseases of the chronic type. helminthiasis, inflammation of the walls of the intestinal tract, pathology of the cardiovascular system, iron deficiency anemia.
If the puppy refuses to eat, this means that it must be shown to the veterinarian, especially if it is accompanied by lethargy.
Refusal to eat and lethargy are not independent diseases. This is a kind of signal from the body, indicating the development of a pathological process. It is not possible to carry out diagnostic measures at home. Only in the veterinary clinic will the animal be provided with qualified assistance, a number of important laboratory and instrumental studies will be prescribed. Based on the data obtained, the veterinarian can develop an adequate therapy.
Depending on the cause that provoked the appearance of characteristic symptoms, therapy is prescribed. The doctor individually selects a treatment regimen based on the dog’s age, breed and weight. If the reason for refusal to feed and lethargy is the intoxication of the body, an antidote is introduced (only in case of poisoning with chemicals). General therapy is also prescribed, which includes the reception:
- enterosorbents. Polysorb, White coal, Enterosgel, Smecta;
- drugs that relieve spasms and eliminate pain;
With a strongly pronounced clinical picture, diuretics and antiemetics are prescribed.
The clinical picture of diseases of the digestive tract also resembles chemical intoxication. Lack of appetite may be due to inflammatory processes in the stomach or intestines, intestinal obstruction.
The puppy experiences strong painful sensations in the area of the lesion, dyspeptic disorders are noted. vomiting, diarrhea, constipation. In advanced cases, the dog’s pelvic limbs may fail. The pet tries to lie down more, breathing is disturbed (heavy).
The most dangerous for the life of the animal is a blockage or obstruction of the intestine. The reasons for the development of pathology are different. from the ingress of foreign objects into the intestine to vascular embolism. Blockage of the intestinal lumen in puppies is more often provoked by helminthiases (helminths curl into balls).
In case of intussusception (blockage), conservative therapy is not prescribed due to its low effectiveness. The puppy undergoes surgical intervention and only after that drug treatment is carried out. The animal is prescribed antimicrobial therapy and administration of anti-inflammatory drugs.
If the puppy does not want to eat due to a viral disease, specific therapy is prescribed. As a rule, against the background of a viral infection, the general body temperature rises. The patient is prescribed a special regimen. The room in which the animal is located must be well ventilated, dry and free of drafts. The air temperature should not be below 18 and above 22 degrees above zero. It is recommended to give the puppy more warm water, introduce vitamin complexes and necessarily immunomodulatory agents.
The reason for the lack of appetite is often helminths. Parasitizing in the dog’s body, worms provoke the development of pathological conditions. The concentration of helminths can be different, which affects the manifestation of symptoms. To get rid of worms, deworming drugs are prescribed. The dosage and treatment regimen is determined by the veterinarian.
Toxic substances in case of poisoning, parasitic diseases, viral infections, pass through the structures of the liver. As the body’s largest filter, the liver takes the biggest blow. Against this background, liver failure may develop, characterized by refusal of food, severe lethargy, apathy, depression.
In the early stages of liver failure, the dog refuses to eat, but at the same time suffers from thirst. Over time, there is a rejection of water. Visible mucous membranes and skin are icteric (yellowness), the skin is dry. Stool is disturbed, vomiting occurs. Advanced cases of liver failure are characterized by limb failure, seizures and dropsy.
The main task of the veterinarian is to restore the impaired liver functions as quickly as possible.
Immunomodulatory agents, hepatoprotectors, vitamins and antimicrobial agents are prescribed.
There are many diseases that can cause a puppy to lose appetite and become very lethargic. The owner’s task is to consider the characteristic symptoms of pathology in time and contact a veterinary clinic. In some cases, especially with acute viral infections, the time is very limited and if delayed, the puppy may die.
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