Allergies in dogs: types, symptoms, signs, treatment
Treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs such as corticosteroids or antihistamines will in most cases quickly block the allergic reaction. In some cases, adding fatty acids to the diet can improve the response to steroids and antihistamines. Recently approved drugs such as oral cyclosporine are also very helpful in treating atopy and have fewer long-term side effects than corticosteroids.
What is dog allergy?
Allergy is a condition of the immune system’s hypersensitivity to a certain substance called an allergen. Most allergens are proteins from plants, insects, animals or food.
In allergies, the immune response can be harmful to the dog’s body.
Exposure to an allergen, usually several times over several months or years, heightens the sensitivity of the immune system, and subsequent exposure to the same or associated allergen causes an overreaction. Usually the immune system protects the dog from infection and disease, but with allergies, the immune response can be really harmful to the body. Allergy may be seen as an unnecessary normal immune response to a benign foreign substance.
The immune responses associated with allergies are complex. Most reactions involve allergen protein molecules that bind to antibodies in the blood and then bind to a type of cell called mast cells. Mast cells are found in many tissues throughout the body. When antigen and antibody react with mast cells, the mast cells release powerful chemicals such as histamines that cause localized inflammation such as redness, swelling, and itching. This inflammation causes various symptoms associated with an allergic reaction.
Frequent bathing with a hypoallergenic shampoo can soothe itchy, inflamed skin. Bathing also washes away allergens inside and on the coat, which can penetrate the skin. Some medicated shampoos also contain anti-inflammatory ingredients that may benefit your dog.
What is atopy or atopic dermatitis and how to treat it?
The term dog inhalation allergy is often used synonymously with atopy or atopic dermatitis. The main inhalation (air) allergens are tree pollen (cedar, ash, oak, etc.), grass pollen, weed pollen (ragweed), mold, house dust mites. Many of these allergies occur seasonally, such as ragweed, cedar, and grass pollen. Others, however, such as mold and house dust mites, are found year round. When people inhale these allergens, the resulting allergy mainly manifests itself as upper respiratory symptoms such as a runny nose, runny nose, and sneezing (hay fever). Although sometimes allergy symptoms include allergic rhinitis or bronchitis, most dogs have an itchy skin (itching) allergy to inhalation. Because of these clinical signs, the condition is also referred to as inhaled allergic dermatitis. The dog may rub its face, lick its feet, and scratch the armpits (armpits).
In most dogs with air allergies, the first signs appear between the ages of one and three years. Affected dogs often react to multiple allergens and often have concurrent flea or food allergies. If the offending allergens can be identified by intradermal allergen tests (intradermal tests) or blood tests, the dog should be protected as much as possible from their exposure. Since most of these allergens are found in the environment, relapses are likely. Symptoms of atopy can be controlled, but permanent cure is usually not possible.
Treatment depends largely on the length of the allergy season. This may include one or more of the following three treatments:
How Common Are Dog Allergies?
Unfortunately, allergies are quite common in dogs of all breeds and origins. Most allergies appear after the pet is six months old, and most affected dogs are over one or two years old.
Can allergies be inherited? Some allergies are considered hereditary. An inherited allergy is atopy (atopic dermatitis) or pollen and plant allergy.
Symptoms and signs of allergies in dogs
In a dog, the most common symptom associated with an allergy is itchy skin, localized (in one area) or generalized (throughout the body). In some cases, signs of allergy include respiratory distress with coughing, sneezing and / or wheezing. Sometimes there may be a runny discharge from the eyes or nose. In other cases, allergic symptoms affect the digestive system, resulting in vomiting and diarrhea.
Allergy symptoms in dogs:
- Swelling of the face, ears, lips, eyelids, or earmolds
- Red or inflamed skin
- Itchy ears
- Chronic ear infections
- Itchy eyes
- Constant licking
How does allergy manifest??
Signs of food allergy in dogs can be very different, but most often they are as follows:
- sneezing, coughing, sinus discharge;
- violation of the depth and rhythm of breathing, which can lead to the development of asthma;
- loose stools and vomiting. They can appear both together and separately;
- otitis media with damage to the soft tissues of the external passage and auricle;
- lacrimation, purulent conjunctivitis.
The most common symptoms associated with food allergies are itching and skin rashes all over the animal’s body. If left untreated, rashes can lead to eczema and bleeding ulcers. In some cases, dogs may have swelling in the limbs, muzzle, digestive tract, and tongue. If untreated for a long time, food allergies can destroy the immune system, and purulent conjunctivitis can lead to complete blindness.
What products should not be given?
For food allergies in dogs, avoid feeding the pet certain foods that could be potentially dangerous.
- sea fish;
- rabbit, turkey and beef;
- today’s fermented milk products;
- buckwheat, oat and rice groats;
- pears, apples, carrots, zucchini.
Feeding with special types of feed with a therapeutic effect is allowed, but they should be selected in conjunction with a nutritionist. The technician will perform a sensitivity test and will then be able to select the food that works best for your dog. But do not overuse these feeds, since their composition is very poor, and they cannot provide the animal with the necessary amount of nutrients. With food allergies in dogs, it is very important not only to exclude the allergen from the diet, but also to make a good diet for the animal, which can be fed to the dog on an ongoing basis.
Together with dietary food, the veterinarian can prescribe symptomatic drugs that are aimed at reducing the content of histamine in the body, relieving inflammation, and also alleviating the clinical manifestations of allergy to food in dogs. If the condition is too neglected, a course of taking immunomodulatory drugs may be required. But no medication can ever completely and permanently rid an animal of an allergic reaction without a special diet. At the same time, do not forget that pampering a pet is not the best solution, since even a small piece of a treat containing an allergen can completely nullify all your efforts.
What foods are best to include in the diet?
This feeding method will allow you to determine which substance caused the allergic reaction if you introduce one new ingredient into the diet every two weeks.
External manifestations of allergies
How is allergy manifested in dogs externally? By its characteristics, food has a lot in common with the usual. Its main external manifestations are rashes all over the pet’s body. In addition, various ear infections can develop, which become chronic over time. If you start giving your pet antibiotics, then these manifestations temporarily disappear, but after a while they return again. Based on external manifestations alone, it is almost impossible to distinguish food allergy from other possible reactions that can occur in the animal’s body.
Allergies to food in dogs, the symptoms of which we already know, never completely go away, but with a properly selected diet, its manifestations can be completely eliminated. The first step is to give up feeding the pet with familiar products, after which it will be possible to start drawing up a new menu. For example, if your dog’s allergic reaction was caused by eating rice, then you should stop giving it more than just rice. But also any other products that contain this ingredient.
When choosing a new diet, you need to try to make it as balanced as possible. It is better to feed those products that are similar in nutritional value to the previous feed. If you do not adhere to this advice, then the lack of any substance can cause exhaustion, which, in turn, will only exacerbate the situation.
An allergic reaction is manifested due to an increase in the level of histamine in the animal’s body. This substance is produced by the immune system in response to the appearance of an allergen in the body. But there are times when histamine is not produced by the immune system, but enters the body along with any food product. All this leads to the development of the so-called “false” allergy to food in dogs, which in its manifestations is very similar to food allergies.
The whole problem in this case is that the use of special medicinal feeds and changing the diet are ineffective, since not one, but all foods that contain a large amount of histamine and tyramine will have to be removed from the diet. The veterinarian will then need to calculate the level of these substances that will prevent the dog from developing an allergic reaction. In addition, a special diet will have to be drawn up, consisting of foods containing histamine and tyramine. The purpose of this diet is to train the animal’s body to tolerate the foods the dog eats normally. Thus, the dog’s sensitivity to allergenic substances will decrease over time, and the “false” allergy will disappear.
Atopy (allergy to environmental substances)
Atopic dermatitis (atopy) is a common allergy, which usually manifests itself at an early age (from 1 to 3 years), since the animal must come into contact with the allergen. Allergens are most often house dust mites, pantry mites, molds, pollen of plants and trees.
With atopic dermatitis, the animal needs lifelong treatment and supervision of a doctor.
Flea saliva allergy
Most flea species lead an active lifestyle, settling on their hosts intermittently. After drinking blood, they jump off the animal. They can repeatedly move from one individual to another. Fleas usually feed once a day. They can go without food for several months.
In its development cycle, a flea goes through several stages: an egg. a larva. a pupa. an adult. This development does not take place on the owner, but in the crevices of the floors, lawns, etc., in time it lasts from several weeks to several months.
From this short story, one conclusion can be drawn: dogs are food, not a flea house. If we do not see parasites on a pet, this does not mean that they do not “eat” it. By piercing the skin, the flea injects saliva into the wound, which causes severe itching. Typical lesions are the back, croup and groin area. these are where allergy symptoms in dogs are most manifested. These places are itchy, the skin and hair are damaged due to scratching, a secondary bacterial infection can join.
What to do if your dog has allergies? First of all, it is necessary to establish the root cause. Diagnostics is carried out in a complex, the owner of the “itchy” pet must gain strength and patience, and strictly follow the recommendations of a dermatologist.
There are no tests in the world that can differentiate one allergy from another. Their diagnosis is carried out by successive exclusion of one from the other. Atopy is a diagnosis of exclusion, so we start by diagnosing dog food allergies and flea reactions. To do this, we treat the animal and the house from ectoparasites (drops on the withers, sprays, emulsions, etc.).
After processing or at the same time, a diagnostic diet of 6-8 weeks is prescribed, the animal’s diet will be one type of protein and carbohydrate, but most importantly, these products should be unfamiliar to your animal. If you feed homemade food. we exchange chicken for beef, rice for buckwheat, etc. When feeding with industrial feed, we change feed with beef for feed with horse meat, etc., but it is very important to read the composition of the feed. In ready-made feeds, often the protein declared on the label as the only one (for example, “The world’s best chicken feed”), in fact, is not, albeit in small quantities, but at the same time another type of animal protein is present in the feed (fish offal, horse meat, etc.). It is important to strictly follow the doctor’s recommendations, since a small amount of ingested allergen causes an allergic reaction and the animal will again suffer from itching.
When the owners are constantly feeding “tiny” treats or the animal steals the treat secretly, the diagnosis comes to a standstill. If, after 8 weeks, with full compliance with all recommendations, your pet continues to itch, then atopic dermatitis is diagnosed.
Food allergy is understood as itchy skin diseases due to an allergic reaction to food constituents or decomposition products (HG Nimand, PF Suter). Food allergies can occur at any age and in all breeds. It takes time for its development, so the reaction often occurs to the usual food, but rarely to the new one.
Dogs are usually allergic to one type of protein or carbohydrate. The allergen for each animal is different, if you have several dogs. this does not mean that the chicken will cause a reaction in all animals. The amount of allergen does not matter, only the fact of its entry into the body is important.
Itching is a symptom of all allergies. With flea infestations, the back, croup and tail are more often affected. With food allergies and atopy, the face, paws, groin and armpits are affected, otitis media are often recorded. Atopy and flea allergies can be seasonal as there is snow and no plants in winter.
Allergies in dogs
Most often, itching dogs are brought to the veterinary dermatologist’s appointment. This condition is usually caused by an allergic reaction.
Allergy is a hereditary disease of the immune system, which is manifested by an increased sensitivity of the body to any substances.
The most common allergic reactions are food allergy, atopy (allergy to environmental substances) and flea saliva allergy in dogs.
Treatment and prevention
Treatment of allergies in dogs and its subsequent prevention consists in the elimination of the foodborne allergen from the diet. the selection of a special dietary feed or the development of a dietary menu for natural feeding. Systemic antipruritic drugs, antibiotics, or antifungal agents are also prescribed if secondary bacterial complications occur.
How to Treat Other Types of Dog Allergies? Thorough care and examination of the pet, treatment for ectoparasites, wearing a special flea collar are added to the above scheme.
How to Tell Your Dog Has Allergies
What is dog allergy?
Allergy is a pathological process that occurs in the body of an animal against the background of repeated exposure to a previously sensitized substance. This means that the dog’s immune system does not correctly perceive this or that substance, which normally should not cause problems.
Such a substance can be a food ingredient, a detergent element, a shampoo or conditioner perfume, a vaccine protein, a drug, dust, pollen.
Most often, allergy accompanies representatives of artificially bred breeds, less common in representatives of aboriginal breeds and very rarely in mestizo purebred dogs and mongrel dogs.
Allergic reactions also occur in animals with reduced immunity: in seriously ill puppies, in pregnant and lactating bitches, in elderly individuals, in dogs from too early or too late litters of a bitch.
Symptoms and signs of allergy in dogs are similar to those in other animals and humans. among them itching, skin rashes, hair loss, redness of the eyes and watery eyes, sneezing, sore throat and cough, ear itching, itching and redness of the skin between the toes and on the pads of the paws. Signs and symptoms of allergy in a puppy and an adult are similar.
When a dog gets allergens, it usually starts to itch, especially around the ears, muzzle and sides. The owner may mistake this symptom for a flea infestation and give him a drug against skin and intestinal parasites. In fact, if your pet itches, then first of all you need to suspect an allergy and find out how to treat itching.
Why Dogs Have Allergies?
The first reason is the artificial breeding of a number of breeds. The more breeders took part in the creation of the breed and the consolidation of the breed characteristics, the more allergic and painful the animals will be. Allergies are referred to as the breed disease of the following dogs:
- All Bulldogs. French, English, American,
- Many Molossians. Brazilian Fila, Pug, Bullmastiff, Italian Cane Corso, Ca de Bou, German Boxer, Rottweiler, Shar Pei,
- Many lapdogs. maltese, bolognese, bichon frize,
- Some Great Danes. German, Bordeaux, Argentine,
- Some terriers are bull type, that type, russells, west highland white, yorkshire, boston, american hairless,
- Some Shepherds. German, Far Eastern, Welsh Corgi, White Swiss, Collie,
- Some greyhounds. Greyhound, Italian greyhound, Whippet,
- Some hounds. basset hound, beagle, dalmatian,
- Hairless Dogs. Chinese Crested, Xoloitzcuintle, Peruvian.
The appearance of these breeds differs significantly from wild canines, including wolves and jackals. Stretching of the trunk (dachshunds, corgi), lack of hair (xoloitzcuintle, Mexican and Peruvian hairless dogs), disproportionate ears (basset, spaniel), white color (white Swiss shepherd, maltese), brachycephalicity (pugs, French bulldogs), excess skin (sharpei). ca de bou) are caused by genetic mutations, which indicates the unnatural constitution of these dogs and explains their tendency to diseases and allergic reactions.
In nature, individuals with mutations do not survive and, accordingly, do not give offspring. Breeders, on the other hand, find mutations interesting and reinforce them in future generations. This is good, on the one hand, since the breeding work gives dogs with an original appearance. On the other hand, the less natural the dog looks, the more problems with caring for him, the selection of food for him, the more often he gets sick.
White is unnatural in wild canines and is considered undesirable when the body color is more than 80% for some breeds: American Staffordshire Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, Alaskan Malamute. The undesirability of white is due to the fact that genes for deafness, allergies, and early aging are associated with the color gene. Therefore, having a white dog, you need to be prepared for the fact that over time, unpleasant surprises will begin in the form of pathological discharge from the eyes, nose and ears, felting and hair loss, itching, and digestive problems.
A number of breeds provide for an exclusively white color: White Swiss Shepherd Dog, West Highland White Terrier, Maltese, Dogo Argentino, Bichon Frize. For such dogs, it is necessary from the first days of complementary feeding to develop a hypoallergenic diet that excludes both possible allergens and products that can give the coat an unwanted shine.
I must say that dogs of aboriginal breeds, that is, independently formed in a particular area, also sometimes become allergic. This happens with the Central Asian Shepherd Dog (Alabai or Turkmen Wolfhound, as it is also called), Malamute (Northern Sled Dog), Rhodesian Ridgeback (African Hound), Samoyed Dog (Northern Sled Dog), Spitz (especially German and Pomeranian).
The reason is that modern pedigree breeding of dogs is carried out along two lines. working and show.
When selecting individuals for working breeding, their qualities are assessed, which are necessary for the implementation of the function of a particular breed. Dogs with allergies, congenital diseases, reduced immunity do not cope with the tasks. In addition, during the assessment of working qualities, animals with signs of ill health, including allergies, are eliminated. Thus, working breeding yields puppies that are in good health and will cope with the demands of their breed in the future.
When selecting pairs in show breeding, the following factors are assessed: the dog’s exterior, its ability to move beautifully in the ring, carry the head and tail well, and take a standing position. This is clearly not enough for the selection of a breeding pair. Thus, if the animal does not have external signs of allergy or other disease, then it is allowed to breed without testing for health conditions. This makes it possible for allergic dogs to participate in the procreation.
Allergies are extremely rare in stray dogs, which are naturally selected. Allergy sufferers among them are those who have pedigree parents, grandmother or grandfather. Stray dogs that have lived on the street for generations, by the way, never have a white color. Their coat colors are close to those of wild dogs. piebald, zoned wild, red and tan, less often black and gray.
Dog allergies: diagnosis and treatment
The correct treatment of a dog for allergies can only be prescribed by a veterinarian. Therefore, at the first signs of an allergic reaction, you need to deliver the pet to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible or invite a doctor to your home.
- the puppy shows signs of allergy, but has not yet been vaccinated or is in post-vaccination quarantine,
- an allergy appeared in a bitch who is carrying her pregnancy in the last days,
- a newly born bitch,
- at the nurse bitch,
- in a recently seriously ill dog, especially if the dog had parvovirus enteritis, plague of carnivores, lethospirosis, infectious hepatitis.
In all other cases, it is better to deliver the animal to the clinic, since it is in clinical conditions that it is possible to take material for analysis and examine it on the spot, carry out the necessary manipulations, invite other doctors to analyze a serious condition.
The doctor must provide the following information:
- Patient data: breed, gender, age, illness suffered during life, the presence or absence of preventive vaccinations, whether the animal is neutered or not, whether it has been in contact with unvaccinated dogs. For bitches, the stage of estrus, false and real pregnancies, the course of real pregnancies, the number and course of labor, the state of lactation are indicated.
- Data on the disease: what allergens the animal received, what are the signs of allergy, when they appeared, how the dog’s behavior changed, whether the appetite is preserved, whether breathing, the tone of barking and snoring have changed in all,
- First aid data: what drugs, in what form and in what quantity were given to the dog, what was the reaction to the drugs and how long after taking it began, how long did the effect of the drug last.
The doctor takes blood for analysis, conducts a general examination of the animal, examines the affected areas, examines the nose and throat for swelling, asks about the animal’s stool and urine output. Based on the analyzes and general data obtained, he concludes what caused the deterioration of the pet’s health. allergies, parasitic invasion, poisoning, infectious disease or something else. Allergy in the strict sense is not treated, since it is not a disease, but an immunopathological reaction. The essence of therapeutic measures is reduced to repayment of this reaction.
- Elimination of the allergen. This can be a change of feed, more frequent wet cleaning in the house, replacement of synthetic bedding with natural bedding, changing the place of walking, choosing a different care or detergent, etc.
- Introducing a hypoallergenic diet even if the dog is not allergic to food. The fact is that even non-sensitized food allergens aggravate the course of allergic reactions.
- Elimination of allergy symptoms. For this, drugs are used against itching, sneezing, coughing, discharge from the eyes and nose, edema.
- Immunotherapy. To this end, the veterinarian prescribes immunostimulants to strengthen or immunomodulators to restore immunity.
- Restoration of the dog’s exterior. Vitamins and feed additives are prescribed to strengthen the coat, restore the normal appearance of the skin, heal ulcers and scratches.
Allergy in a dog: why it occurs, what to do to the owner and how to treat
Over the past few decades, there has been an increase in veterinarian diagnosis of allergies in dogs. s of “dog lovers” are full of messages: “A dog has an allergy: how to treat, how to help, how to feed?” commonly diagnosed food allergies in dogs and allergies to care products.
Usually, allergies are diagnosed in purebred animals. This is due to the nuances of breeding dogs and the characteristics of some breeds. Cynologists even consider allergies to the breed characteristics of some dogs and agree that the farther the dog is on the exterior from its progenitor. the wolf and the jackal, the more it is prone to allergies.
First aid for a dog with allergies
Seeing that the pet’s eyes are red and watery, mucus is released from the nostrils, the ears, paws, part of the muzzle around the nose and mouth are red and swollen, that the dog itches, coughs, sneezes and is clearly worried about itching and other unpleasant manifestations, the owner is interested in what how to treat allergies to your dog and how to relieve it.
Offhand, many of all antihistamines (antiallergenic) drugs will call suprastin for allergies, but few people know if it can be given to a dog, and if so, in what dosage form and in what dosage. Suprastin for a dog with allergies is prescribed in a daily dosage of 2 mg per 1 kg of body weight, divided into three doses.
Here’s what else you can give your dog for allergies while waiting for the veterinarian:
- Apoquel tablets will help relieve itching in case of allergic burning and irritation in a dog,
- dect-2 drops will help to calm the eyes,
- Diclorex foam prevents combing.
- sneezing will remove the anandin,
- soothes ears surolan.
Tablets and injections of antiallergenic agents before vaccination are not used due to the possibility of non-development of immunity to foreign proteins.
Rabies is mainly seen in animals that are not properly vaccinated. In addition to the dog’s hot nose, there is also a lack of appetite, photophobia and apathy. Every pet owner should know the symptoms in order to consult a doctor in a timely manner in case of infection.
What to do if there is a problem
Many pet owners have absolutely no idea what to do if a dog has a hot nose. When such symptoms appear, you need to contact a veterinarian who will help establish the underlying cause and prescribe adequate therapy. The peculiarity of the treatment, largely depends on the cause that provoked it.
If a dog has a hot nose due to allergies, then you need to try to clean the room where the animal is located, without the use of chemicals. In addition, you need to clean as often as possible with just warm water. If your pet’s litter is woolen, then you need to replace it with cotton. When choosing dishes for eating an animal, you should give preference to metal or glass.
If you suspect a cold, if the dog’s condition is not too severe, you can treat it at home, however, if possible, it is advisable to show it to a veterinarian. It is imperative to provide a calm environment for the animal, give a drink and a favorite treat.
Where the sick dog is resting, there should be no drafts, it is advisable to ensure a normal temperature in the apartment. You need to go outside only as needed, and limit walks in time.
If the dog is freezing, then you need to cover it with something warm or even warm it with a heating pad. Periodically, you can brush the animal with a brush, as massage will help activate the body’s defenses. If the cold is severe enough, then the veterinarian may prescribe medication. If you have wheezing and coughing, you need to treat with antibacterial drugs. Additionally, drugs will be required to normalize the microflora of the dog’s stomach.
If you find that your dog’s nose is hot, you need to check if he has water in the drinker. Perhaps, it was inattention to the animal that became the main cause of discomfort and dehydration of the body. Water must always be present in the animal’s drinker.
In winter, the skin on the nose can be exposed to natural factors, resulting in painful cracks. In this case, the skin of the mucous membrane requires proper care and the use of special moisturizers and protective agents. In addition, you need to protect your pet from being on the street for a while.
Dog’s hot nose: reasons for what to do?
In a dog, like any other animal, the nose is covered with mucus produced by special glands. This allows them to sense even the smallest vibrations in the air and distinguish odors. A cold and wet nose in an animal is an indicator of normal health.
However, sometimes the dog’s nose becomes hot and dry. Pet owners start to worry about their pet’s health. Often, such a phenomenon is quite safe and is associated with the influence of short-term factors. A dog’s hot nose may be due to the animal spending a lot of time in the sun. However, there may be cases when such a phenomenon is associated with a disruption in the functioning of one of the organs of the animal.
A dog’s nose can also be hot with a nose injury, burn, or severe blow. This is a rather dangerous condition that requires complex treatment.
It is important to provide the pet with first aid in a timely manner, namely, to stop possible bleeding, bandage the wound, and only then visit the veterinarian. If there is an injury, then it is forbidden to use brilliant green, alcohol and iodine, as this can provoke a burn of the mucous membrane.
If a pet is infected with distemper, among the first signs are:
- dry and hot nose;
- loss of appetite;
- pale mucous membrane;
- vomiting and diarrhea;
- convulsions and fainting.
This disease progresses very quickly, which is why, if you have symptoms, you should definitely contact your veterinarian. To avoid infection, you need to vaccinate the animal.
Allergy in an animal
Allergies can be triggered by flowering plants, as well as woolen things, food, household chemicals. It is quite difficult to independently determine the source of the allergy.
Skin allergies may occur when exposed to aggressive substances. As a result, itching and redness of the skin is observed, which does not go away even after using antibacterial drugs.
Infection with worms
Helminths can provoke intoxication of the dog’s body. In this case, in addition to dryness of the nose, other symptoms are observed, in particular:
4 Natural Home Remedies for Dog Allergies
- unstable stools;
- difficulty swallowing food;
- itching in the anal area.
The dog will be very lethargic, as the worms weaken the animal’s body. Therefore, for prevention, it is recommended to periodically take anthelmintic drugs. In the presence of such symptoms, it is advisable to pass tests and, if necessary, conduct anthelmintic therapy.
The causes of a hot nose in a dog can be very different, and this does not always indicate the presence of a dangerous disease. However, there may be serious violations, in particular, such as:
- mechanical damage;
Pemphigus is a disease of the autoimmune system, accompanied by the appearance of blisters in the nasal region. Gradually emerging neoplasms burst, dry out, and a crust forms. After a while, the blisters spread to the entire surface of the torso.
To determine why a dog has a hot nose, you need to contact your veterinarian, as this can be the cause of a dangerous illness. Stressful situations, as well as changes in the environment, can provoke changes in the animal’s body. All emotions experienced can also cause dryness.
Cat, cat and kittens
What to do if you are allergic to your cat or dog?
Breathe easily, you can still live happily ever after with your beloved pet!
While more and more people are discovering the happiness of owning a fluffy ball of joy, the fact remains that approximately 15-20 percent of the population is allergic to animals. As a result, countless unhappy, unhealthy owners and their beloved pets are the causes of all this. Allergen is the medical term for an active substance that causes an allergic reaction. Touching or inhaling allergens results in an allergic reaction in humans. Symptoms may include: eye redness, itching, watery eyes; runny nose, redness of the nose; sneezing, coughing, sore throat, itchy skin and the most serious symptom is shortness of breath.
The most common pet allergens are animal proteins, which are found in dandruff (this is the layer of old skin that constantly flakes off in an animal), saliva, urine, and sebaceous cells. Any animal can cause an allergic reaction, but cats are the most common cause. People can also be allergic to urine, dandruff, and saliva from exotic animals such as ferrets, guinea pigs, birds, rabbits, and rodents. In nature, there is not a single species of animals on which a person cannot develop an allergic reaction. Coat length and type cannot affect disease or prevent allergies. In allergy sufferers, some animals cause reactions more often than others, but this is all very individual and unpredictable.
Once a pet allergy is diagnosed, the doctor recommends removing the pet from the house. Heartbreaking? Yes. Absolutely necessary? Not always.
Keep in mind that most people are allergic to several things other than pets. So a person, in addition to an allergy to a cat, may be allergic to dust mites, mold, pollen, and all of them can be found in the house. Allergic symptoms can occur as a result of the combined action of allergens. This means that if you eliminate some of the other allergens, you won’t have to get rid of your pet. Conversely, if you decide to remove the cat from the house, it may not immediately solve your problems.
You must be prepared to invest the time and effort required to cleanse allergens in your home environment, limit your exposure to allergens, and find a good doctor to work with you. The general program of work should be in three parts:
Improvement of the immediate environment.
- Create an allergen-free room in your home. The bedroom is often the best and most practical choice. By keeping your pet in this room, you can ensure yourself at least eight hours of allergen-free every night. It is also good to use pillows and bedding made of hypoallergenic materials.
- Reduce the amount of fabrics. Allergens collect in carpets, curtains, draperies, and upholstery, so it’s best to remove them from your home if possible. If you choose to keep some fabrics, steam clean them regularly. Cotton is the best choice for fabrics, and blinds can be hung on the windows.
- The vacuum cleaner should be equipped with a HEPA (High Efficiency Particle Retention) filter or a disposable electrostatic bag. Other types of bags will allow allergens to be blown back out of the vacuum cleaner.
- Install an air purifier equipped with a HEPA filter.
- Use anti-allergenic sprays in the room. Ask an allergist to recommend a suitable product.
- Clean cat litter often.
- Wipe off dust regularly. Wipe down walls to reduce allergens.
- Get a bed, carrier and other items for your cat that can be easily and quickly cleaned and washed.
Cleaning your pet.
- Bathe your pet regularly. Let your veterinarian recommend a shampoo that doesn’t dry out your skin. Bathing removes allergens that accumulate in the animal’s fur.
- Pay attention to your pet’s symptoms of dermatitis. Dermatitis often leads to accelerated flaking of the skin and dandruff in the coat, which aggravates allergies.
- Brush or comb your pet frequently. This is best done outdoors.
- If possible, ask someone to do the cleaning for you in the apartment, clean the toilet behind the cat and wash her things, comb her.
- Wash your hands after playing or touching your pet, before touching your face. Areas around the nose and eyes are especially sensitive to allergens.
- Assign “pet clothes” that are easy to clean. Wear it when playing and petting your cat, and the rest of your clothes will stay clean.
- Find an allergist who will make sure your pet is causing your allergy and can help relieve your symptoms. Medication and immunotherapy often allow the owner and their pet to live happily ever after.
Some dog owners think in the same way, not suspecting that gastrointestinal disorders can be a sign of infectious diseases (intestinal plague, parvovirus enteritis, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis), as well as pathologies of the liver, kidneys, pancreas and even the heart.
Acute diarrhea and painful, non-stop vomiting are characterized by toxic infections, that is, poisoning. In this case, there is a risk not only for the health, but also for the life of the dog, therefore it is very important to immediately consult a doctor, not hoping that it will pass by itself. In the clinic, the animal will begin to remove intoxication with the help of droppers, and it is by no means worth abandoning this time-consuming and rather expensive procedure, as some owners do.
Prolonged intoxication is dangerous, as it disrupts the work of all organs and systems of the body. The miser pays twice, and you still have to pay for long-term treatment of liver, kidney and pancreas diseases.
So, if a digestive disorder is associated with infectious diseases or poisoning with poison, then the only way to cope with it is treatment as prescribed by a doctor, and there is no need to experiment with changing feed.
This condition is often confused with food allergy, which is of a completely different nature. Food intolerance is an undesirable reaction of the gastrointestinal tract to feed components associated with impaired digestion, assimilation of its ingredients and has nothing to do with immunity. For example, a dog is constantly weakened due to a lack of enzymes or due to the presence of dyes, preservatives and other chemicals in food.
Upset stomach as a symptom
Common signs of indigestion in dogs are lack of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, gas, and general weakness, but the causes of this condition can vary. About 20 years ago, there was a very popular humoresque about a doctor who, regardless of the symptoms they described to him, said to all his patients: “You ate something!”.
Dog nutrition and indigestion
Recently, the term “sensitive digestion in dogs” can be heard very often, but not all owners can explain exactly what it means. Digestive sensitivity refers to food intolerances, allergies, and regular indigestion in dogs. Not knowing what to do, many avoid treatment of dogs with problems, while they begin to urgently change the food, believing it to be the only cause of the painful condition.
However, to solve the problem and really help the pet, you need to figure it out, and not try to eliminate the symptoms of stomach disease in dogs, acting at random.
Take your time with a new diet
It so happens that digestive upset is due to the fact that the change of feed was carried out too abruptly. The owner sins on a new food and returns to the old one, thereby not only not solving, but aggravating the pet’s problem. Therefore, it is very important to transfer the dog to a different diet gradually, mixing the new food with the old one for at least five days.
If, despite your best efforts, your dog’s stomach upset continues, you should see a doctor. He will understand the problem and prescribe special medications, for example, enzyme.
The problem is solved simply
Treating dogs with stomach problems of this kind is the least complicated. To cope with the problem, it is often enough to change the feed to a diet of a higher quality, which does not contain not only harmful, but also poorly digestible components. For example, cereals are very poorly digested in carnivores, because they practically do not have the necessary enzymes for this.
A dog eating food with a lot of grain is guaranteed digestive upset. So look for foods that are meat-based and use rice as source of carbohydrates, which some veterinarians say is best for dogs.
When choosing food for a dog with food intolerances, you should also pay attention to the lines with easily digestible types of protein, which are considered to be turkey and lamb, as well as include probiotics in the diet that promote the digestion and absorption of food. Now there are feeds on the market that contain not only dietary types of protein, but also live probiotics. this is very convenient, because you do not need to buy the drug separately.
What to do if your dog has allergies?
Allergies to flowering plants and some foods can be not only in humans, but also in dogs. How should the owner act to help the pet? Unfavorable ecology, stress and an abundance of artificial additives in food disrupt the work of the dog’s immunity. Some breeds are characterized by increased skin sensitivity and a tendency to allergies.
These are shepherds, golden retrievers, English and French bulldogs, pugs, sharpei. But even if your dog is not on the list, we advise you to pay attention to the following alarming symptoms.
Don’t panic while molting. If molting has not yet begun, and the amount of wool in your house is off scale, the dog has dandruff, bald patches, and may have allergic dermatitis. Causes. stress, improperly selected food.
What to do? Do not wait for your pet to lose its fur coat. Hair loss can be a sign of parasites in the body. Consult a specialist, be sure to mention if you recently switched your dog to a different food. Eat a diet that your doctor tells you about.
It is a common food allergy companion. It can also develop against the background of daily scratching of the ears. Signs of infection. itching, uncharacteristic discharge, hair loss in the ear area, fever.
What to do? Examine the dog’s ears. The cause of inflammation can be plant seeds that got into the auricle during a walk. To alleviate the condition of the animal, use drops against otitis media. they relieve inflammation, soothe irritated skin. Sometimes complications arise in the form of secondary bacterial or fungal infections. If necessary, a specialist will prescribe antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory drugs.
Licks paws too often
The animal constantly licks its paws to soothe the itching, relieve the burning sensation from the skin. However, in fact, it only makes itself worse, because allergens can be inside the body along with saliva.
What to do? Examine your pet’s paws for foreign bodies or wounds. Rinse your paws under warm water and pat dry with a towel. Treat the wounds, if any.
If your pet sneezes frequently, but there is no pollen on the coat, this may indicate an allergic reaction. When the dog also scratches its face, then it definitely needs your help.
What to do? Never give your pet any antihistamines you are taking yourself. Yes, you might get lucky and the drug will work. But there are other options for the development of events. the pill will not give the desired effect or you will miscalculate the dosage. The consequences can be dire. Allergy medications for dogs can only be prescribed by a veterinarian!
The dog must be taken to the veterinarian every 6 months!
When a dog scratches the skin, dirt and pathogens of various diseases can get there. The latter penetrate into microcracks in the dermis and cause irritation. As a result. red spots, peeling of the skin.
What to do? First of all, rinse the reddened area with warm water. It is better not to use shampoo so as not to dry the skin. Then apply some coconut oil to the irritated area. If the redness has spread, your way to the vet.
If the pet’s muzzle is swollen, breathing is disturbed, eyes are red, most likely it is Quincke’s edema. See your veterinarian right away. every minute counts!
The dog itches constantly
Due to severe itching, the dog begins not only to itch, but also to bite the skin with his teeth. As a rule, itching occurs in places that have been in contact with the allergen (pollen). Usually these are pads on the legs, lower abdomen, muzzle.
What to do? When you return from a walk and notice allergy symptoms, wash your pet with shampoo for sensitive skin. This will remove allergens from the coat. If after bath procedures the itching has not stopped, urgently contact your veterinarian.