The tick’s head remained in the dog what to do?
If it turns out that the head of the arachnid insect remains under the skin, do not panic. In no case should you leave your head, this can lead to decay of the wound and infection of your pet, because an infection may remain in the ducts. It is advisable to take the dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible to remove the foreign body. Do not be frivolous about this issue and try to get your head on your own, you can harm your pet.
Image of a tick proboscis
If you have made the decision to independently get the part of the proboscis remaining in the skin, adhere to the following recommendations. Since only a small part of the body remains, it looks just like a black dot, which can be compared to a splinter and you can approach the extraction according to the same principle. First of all, disinfect the affected area, and then use a calcined and disinfected needle to try to get the whole sting out, since even a small part of it can cause the disease. Try not to poke the wound too hard, this can also lead to unpleasant consequences. Further, naturally, the bite site needs to be smeared again with iodine or brilliant green.
A dog was bitten by a tick what to do than to treat?
Are there alarming symptoms after a parasite bite? Then do not delay, but immediately take action. But be responsible, do not self-medicate, this can lead to unpredictable consequences.
One of the most dangerous and most common diseases, which are carried by blood-sucking people, is piroplasmosis. The causative agent of the disease affecting the blood cells is the microorganism Babesia canis. The incubation period, depending on the course of the disease, can last from 2 days to 3 weeks.
- General weakness
- High temperature reaching 41 °
- Bloody urine (brown or even black)
The disease progresses quickly, it just won’t be able to get sick, here every minute counts. After all, the microorganism destroys the carrier of oxygen and other substances in the dog’s body, which leads to irreversible consequences. The mortality of animals without treatment reaches 98%.
We will not describe the course of treatment here, but we will outline the stages of treatment:
- The animal is injected with drugs such as azidine, veriben or pyrosan (today there are many similar ones on the market), which kill microorganisms, and with them, infected erythrocytes die.
- Mass death of microorganisms Babesia canis and blood cells, leads to toxicosis and often to very strong complications in the form of renal failure. This is due to the fact that the body is trying to remove dead cells through the kidneys, but their number is so large that the channels in the kidneys begin to clog. The following stages are aimed specifically at maintaining the body after the first stage.
- Supporting the body with cardiac drugs, hepato-protectors, vitamins, etc.
- Carrying out the procedure of forced alkalizing diuresis, in order to avoid the complications described above. Treatment of complications that have already arisen.
It is very important to diagnose and start treatment on time. The sooner you start, the less likely you are to have serious complications. Having started treatment on time, visible progress may appear within 1-2 days, otherwise it is extremely difficult to cure complications and it is not always possible. The last stage is plasmapheresis or hemosorption. These methods are relatively new and have been in practice since 2007. The point is to clear the patient’s blood from dead erythrocyte bodies and their decay products without the involvement of the kidneys, thereby protecting organs from blockage.
A dog on a drip
The survival rate of dogs with piroplasmosis increases with vaccination. For these purposes, you can use vaccines: Nobivak Piro, Pirodog. But do not forget, these drugs will not allow the animal to recover on its own, they only increase the resistance and the likelihood of a positive outcome. Seeing a doctor in this case is a prerequisite for recovery.
Another dangerous disease that a tick can infect. This is a bacterial disease, Borreliosis. Dogs with this condition develop visible lameness due to joint damage. The body temperature rises to a temperature of 40 degrees during the incubation period for two days. The animal becomes apathetic, depressed, lethargic. Appetite disappears and weight begins to decrease. This is also a rather serious disease and if you have symptoms, you should immediately contact a veterinary clinic.
The diseases described above should not be treated on your own, but there are a couple of recommendations if you cannot take your pet to the clinic. The animal definitely needs water, for this reason it is necessary to forcibly give 100-150 ml per hour. It is necessary to inject 20 ml of glucose subcutaneously three times a day, and also to give vitamins B6 and B12 once a day. This will support the sick body at a critical moment. But at the first opportunity, you will need to take the dog to the clinic, otherwise the result may be disastrous.
If the eared one has not contracted any infection, then there is a risk of wound suppuration, but this does not always happen. In this case, there is nothing to worry about and you can just take some kind of ointment to heal wounds.
There are many ticks on the dog what to do?
In the event of a massive “attack” of ticks, the situation is aggravated. After all, with every bite, the likelihood of getting seriously ill increases. Plus, the dog will feel severe discomfort. Will exhibit all of the above symptoms and it will be noticeable.
Ticks on the body of an animal
In this case, the main thing is not to get sick. Since it is difficult and time-consuming to mechanically get all the ticks. We’ll have to resort to special zooshappies that kill parasites. Often some survive, so you have to tackle them manually, as described above.
What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick?
If, nevertheless, you find a tick stuck into the body of an eared friend, do not despair. It looks something like this:
Tick on the dog’s body
The tick bite itself is not dangerous. The spider insect is very small and will not do much harm. In general, you may not even know about the bite if the dog does not catch any infections, and the tick falls off on its own. In this case, if you find a bite wound, just treat it with brilliant green or hydrogen peroxide, you can also use 5% iodine. It would be perfect, but it doesn’t always work like that.
The danger is posed by infections carried by Ixodes ricinus. Although statistics tell us that in the generation of ticks, from 3% to 14% of insects are usually carriers of infections, the probability of picking up the disease always remains. Therefore, you should closely monitor the animal after detecting a bite.
So, if you find a tick on the dog’s body, then it is advisable to remove it as soon as possible. The tick digs in slowly for 5-6 hours and if you get it during this period, then the probability of getting sick decreases to almost zero. You can remove it manually yourself, or contact your veterinarian if it is scary to do it yourself. If you decide to do it yourself, it is recommended to use gloves, because mites are incubators of infections harmful not only to animals, but you can also pick up an ailment.
There are some general guidelines for what to do to get the parasite out and what to do next:
- Most experts recommend depriving the enemy of oxygen first. It should be noted that some do not recommend doing this, as they believe that the parasite can release many harmful substances into the animal’s blood and harm it. Others do not recommend using gasoline, oil or other poisonous mixtures for these purposes, so as not to harm, instead of helping. Based on this, we can assume that alcohol or, in extreme cases, vodka is suitable for these purposes. It is necessary to drip onto the affected area at intervals of 1-2 minutes. Or you can use a simple ring as a reservoir by placing it over the bite site so that it is in the center and filling the resulting container with petroleum jelly, for example. The purpose of the event is to make the bloodsucker come out a little and it would be easier to get it. In some cases, it disappears by itself after such therapy, but it does not happen so often. Visually noticing that the insect has crawled out a little, proceed to the next stage.
- Now you need to get it, or rather unscrew it from the body. There are many options here, you can use tweezers, some use a thread, wrapping around the parasite’s proboscis and twisting it, which is difficult for me, some dog breeders have special devices for mechanical extraction of ticks, and some lovers create them on their own. I saw a craftsman who made a device from a plastic profile and took out an uninvited guest for them. The device looks something like this.
Mechanical tick remover
Just pass the enemy’s body through the opening and twist it (twist counterclockwise) without jerking it from side to side. In no case do not try to pull it up, still nothing will come of it, and most likely you will only harm by tearing off the head or proboscis under the skin and leaving it under the skin. Also, in no case should you put pressure on the body. Pressing hard can inject toxins into the victim’s bloodstream. The same can be done with tweezers. It is important to take it as close to the proboscis as possible, no matter what you press on the body. One principle works here. to twist!
- Next, you should treat the wound with the means listed earlier.
- The extracted body can be destroyed, for example, burned, or if you want to make sure everything is in order, you should put it in a bag and take it to the laboratory for analysis. In fact, it is desirable to do so, such actions allow timely diagnosis of the infection and, accordingly, effectively fight it, and most importantly, in a timely manner.
After that, you need to monitor the state of the furry friend, perhaps you will get off with a slight fright. Do not forget to reward your pet with a yummy for the endurance during the procedure. This will brighten up the unpleasant moment and make the animal feel cared for.
Ear mite in a dog what to do?
An ear mite is called a tick that climbed into the ear of an animal and bit it there. This is a sensitive part of the dog’s body and here itching manifests itself faster, it begins to actively itch and even tear parts of the skin, trying to get rid of unpleasant sensations.
At first, the tick may not be visible, while it is small, but after a while, a brown liquid will appear, which the parasite secretes, this will be a clear sign of an ear mite.
Tick traces in the ear of an animal
As already mentioned, ears are a rather sensitive part of the body of four-legged fellows, for this reason you need to be careful with them. If you do not want to seek help from specialists, then there are several options.
- Use special ear drops that should kill the insect. Today, the choice of such drops is very large. They can be found at any veterinary pharmacy.
- Or go in a more complicated but more efficient way. Use ointment. In this case, you will have to first clean your ears from the brown crust, otherwise the effectiveness of the drugs will be minimized. This requires simple ear sticks and 3% hydrogen peroxide. Soak a cotton swab and wipe brown spots. It will get wet and fall behind, but you need to clean it thoroughly and try to clean the inner ear in order to achieve the desired result. Further, an ointment or gel is applied to the surface, for example, Amidel-gel has proven itself well. In some cases, you can achieve the result in two approaches.
Remember, many drugs only kill live ticks without killing the larvae. Therefore, the procedure will need to be continued until you kill the last living tick, provided that it, or rather, it does not leave offspring!
Carefully read the instructions for the drugs, it is not attentiveness that often leads to ineffective use. And many drugs are far from harmless, it is not recommended to use them once again.
Ticks in a dog what to do?
The first tick found in a dog immediately raises the question. what to do? The answer may be different depending on the time the unasked guest was detected.
First of all, you need to make sure that the tick is on the dog. This is what every conscientious dog breeder should strive for. And for this you need to adhere to certain simple rules, namely:
- try to avoid dangerous places during the period of insect activity in order to reduce the likelihood of encounters;
- do not allow your pet to come into contact with yard dogs, which are often carriers of diseases and parasites;
- closely examine the animal after each walk;
- it is advisable to use special drugs and other objects that not only scare off bloodsuckers, but also kill them when trying to bite a dog;
Naturally, it will not be possible to 100% avoid a tick bite, but not going outside is also not an option. All this is a game of probabilities, which should tip the pet owner into the right balance.
If you examine the animal constantly, then there is a possibility of finding an ixodid tick, before it screams into the body of a furry friend. As already mentioned, the parasite crawls onto the dog’s body and crawls for a while in search of a suitable place to eat.
General view of a well-fed tick
In reality, this process can last for two hours. In this case, you can generally avoid an unpleasant bite and save the dog from various infections.
The more likely tick bite sites to look for in the first place are:
- elbow area;
- groin area;
- the head as a whole, and especially behind the ears and near the eyelids.
At the same time, while he is crawling and has not yet eaten, it is difficult to notice him. For this reason, you should not relax if you did not find anything during the check. You need to monitor your pet constantly.
The dog may not immediately take part in the discomfort, since when the insect bites, it injects an anesthetic secreted by its glands. But over time, she may begin to scratch and lick the area where the bite begins to itch. The dog can become irritable, lose appetite, and his body temperature can rise if an infection enters the bloodstream. And the sooner you can identify the symptoms, the better. This will give the necessary time to heal the animal.
Tip Tuesday Video. how to tell if your pets has mites or fleas
If these symptoms occur, it is advisable to additionally examine the animal, to probe suspicious places for bulges, which may turn out to be a drunken parasite. If during the time you do not attach importance to the itching dog, then you may not find a bloodsucker at all, since after eating he may simply lag behind. In this case, the dog may be infected, but the owner will not think that the reason for this is the tick bite, which, as a result, will not allow the disease to be diagnosed in time and to begin treatment. Carelessness can cost a pet a life.
A tick in a dog what to do?
Ixodid ticks (Latin Ixodes ricinus), also called forest ticks, are a real problem for inexperienced dog breeders. The period of activity of parasites falls on the warm season, they are especially active in May, August and early September, when the air temperature is not very high. At the height of summer, when the heat is unbearable even for humans, ticks are not so active, because high temperatures affect them too. You need to be especially careful when walking in areas with tall grass and forests, where the likelihood of “catching” a tick increases significantly.
Contrary to various opinions, bloodsuckers do not jump on animals as soon as they sense them, although they can really feel body heat at a distance of up to 10 meters, but only crawl towards the goal. So they simply crawl onto the animal’s fur, and do not rush at it like a grasshopper. But that doesn’t make them harmless in any way.
By the way, they do not immediately start drinking the pet’s blood, but first, they crawl over his body for a long time, and only after finding a suitable place, soft and with thin skin, they begin their bloody business.
Tick symptoms in dogs
The sarcoptoid mite develops in the thickness of the epidermis, leaves passages, lays eggs. It causes the following symptoms:
- red rash;
- roughness of the skin;
- the coat is thinning and falling out;
- the pet itches all the time;
- dense crusts appear on the skin;
- sleep disturbance.
They can be treated with special drops. Stronghold or Front Line, in advanced cases they consult a doctor.
With a pyro-tick bite, symptoms appear on the second day, the condition can worsen sharply and be accompanied by:
- rise in temperature,
- refusal to eat;
- severe itching at the site of the bite.
The tick settles for food and eventually swells with blood, becomes noticeable with a size of 3 mm, the color is dark brown. You can try to pull it out with tweezers, greasing the surface with oil. The wound needs to be treated with an alcohol solution.
With a subcutaneous mite, the scalp and paws are primarily affected, it is observed:
- up to five lesions with a diameter of 2.5 cm;
- causing itching;
- hair loss;
- severe pain.
In this case, you need to contact the veterinarian, after the examination, a scraping from the tissue is prescribed, which is studied under a microscope and the diagnosis is confirmed, depending on which treatment is prescribed.
- Body temperature will rise to 42 degrees.
- The whites of the eyes may turn yellow.
- There will be nausea, vomiting with mucus.
- Blood clots may appear in the urine.
- The gait will become difficult.
For any of the above signs, you should call the veterinarian at home or take the dog to the veterinary clinic. Symptoms of the disease can appear in a month or two after the bite. In this case, many owners write off them for poisoning and do not treat the pet correctly.
How to detect the connection of a tick with a painful condition of a dog after a long period of time? An important clue will be given by the color of the urine. The presence of blood indicates a clear development of piroplasmosis. To confirm the diagnosis, an appropriate analysis should be passed.
Types of ticks in dogs
Danger in the form of ticks can await dogs in fallen leaves, grass, bushes, dry tree branches. In addition to discomfort, it is possible to get a decrease in the quality of sleep, skin diseases, allergies, viral and bacterial infections with varying degrees of complication. Parasites choose the most inaccessible places for bites, so you need to be attentive to your pet and study the variety of ticks in order to help him in a timely manner.
- A subcutaneous mite in a dog penetrates deep into the delicate skin and can cause the development of anemia and demodicosis.
- Sarcoptic or itch mite, which moves along the skin, leaving behind “white holes”.
- Piroplasmous mites are carriers of blood disease and can lead to liver destruction, piroplasmosis, renal failure
Ticks in dogs: types, symptoms, home treatment
If a dog is bitten by a tick, then it can infect the dog with a dangerous disease. A pet can pick up an insect anywhere. At the same time, it is not easy to find a small pest under thick wool. An ear mite in a dog climbs into the auricles, causing itching, which intensifies every day. Sometimes a tormented dog may scratch its ears until it bleeds.
Subcutaneous mites are more difficult to spot in dogs. It lives under the epidermis, in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Its vital activity harms both the skin and internal organs. The ixodid tick is the most dangerous. It is he who is the carrier of such a disease as piroplasmosis.
Consider the main methods of treating tick bites and their prevention. First of all, limit the contact of the dog with sick street animals and try to examine the skin immediately after a walk. If you notice a tick, then seek help from specialists at the veterinary clinic. If this is not possible, then the tick is removed at home.
Symptoms do not always indicate that the dog has an infection. But if you miss the development of the disease, then this can lead to the death of a four-legged pet. To prevent tick bites, there are a number of remedies that will help protect your pet from unwanted contact:
- Acaricidal collars
- Drops from ticks
Dog protection is especially important during the warmer months. And although none of the above means is an absolute guarantee that not a single tick will bite your dog, they will several times reduce the risk of catching an infection.
What to do when you find a tick in a dog?
It is best, of course, to seek first aid at a veterinary clinic.
What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick, but there is no way to take it to a specialist? Do not twist the tick with your hands. Under the pressure of the fingers, it can throw saliva into the blood of the animal, and the head can come off the body and remain under the skin. Because of this, the wound will become inflamed and fester. You can remove a tick from a dog at home using:
- Oil, alcohol or gasoline.
- With a thread or tweezers.
- Special shampoos.
Lubricate the skin of the bite with oil. After 20-30 minutes, the tick will loosen its grip and fall off. If this does not happen, the insect is removed with the help of improvised tools. Grab the tick just above the head with tweezers. Unscrew it slowly, but do not jerk it to the side or up. To pull out a tick at home with a thread, hook the insect’s neck with it and gently twist it to one side. After removing the insect, wash the dog and lubricate the tick bite mark on the dog with iodine or alcohol.
Attention! The pulled out live tick should be placed in a jar and taken for analysis to a medical facility to confirm infection.
Shampoo will help if a large number of mites have been found on the dog’s body. The drug also kills their larvae.
The material was prepared by the canine center “Kinolog”.
Causes of blackness in the ears of a dog
If you pet your dog’s head and look into its ears, the inside of the ear should look clean, pink, and healthy. If you notice something black in your ears, you may be alerted, and for a good reason. discharge in your ears is a sign of an infection or a health problem. Even though dogs are known to be messy here and there, the inside of their ears must be kept clean and dry.
If you notice black ears in your dog, then you really need to worry, because this is most likely a serious problem called otodectic mange. It is caused by microscopic mites. In this case, it is necessary to urgently take treatment measures.
Diagnosis of ear mites in dogs
Your veterinarian diagnoses ear mites in dogs with a physical examination and diagnostic testing. The veterinarian will examine your dog’s ears with an otoscope for ticks and signs of ticks, usually black ears. To the naked eye, ticks look like white specks, and if your veterinarian suspects ticks are causing your dog’s symptoms, they will take a sample with an ear swab for identification under a microscope. In some cases, your veterinarian may also recommend additional diagnostic tests, such as a blood test, to rule out the possibility of an underlying medical condition.
Dogs are treated for ear mites with an antiparasitic drug (in the form of ear drops), an oral or topical drug applied to the skin. It is important for owners to follow instructions and administer medication throughout treatment, as this ensures that the medication kills ticks at all stages of their life cycle so that dogs no longer have black ears.
In most cases, your veterinarian recommends treating both ears, even if only one ear is black. This will prevent the spread of the mites. Your veterinarian may also suggest ear flushing to clear your dog’s ear canal as this will reduce irritation and remove debris. Additional follow-up visits and multiple cleaning may also be recommended.
Flushing and brushing can be painful for dogs. If your dog is sensitive or has ear pain, the veterinarian can calm him down during the office visit.
A little about otodecosis
Otodectic mange is the technical term for infection of ear mites in dogs caused by a mite known as Otodectes cynotis.
This tick can actually infect many other animals, including cats, foxes, and ferrets. These ear mites are highly infectious between animals! This is important to remember for later.
But is it worth worrying as a person? Well, technically, Otodectes cynotis is a zoonosis. That is, these mites can be transmitted from an animal and cause problems in humans. Despite this, it is not common and human infections are usually temporary and may not require treatment. But you should always see a doctor just in case.
As you can see, the disease of black ears in dogs can be easily cured, but it will take some time to fully recover. Controlling ear mites requires full compliance with your veterinarian’s instructions. Although the prognosis for complete recovery is good in most cases, you will need to administer the medication within a set period of time. Otherwise, some mites may survive and your dog will have black ears again.
You will need to disinfect your home. Home treatments for ear mites, like flea treatments. Thorough cleaning of the house and treatment of all other pets will help.
Ear mites are not fatal. However, if you do not treat otodecosis in a timely manner, your dog can damage the ear canal as well as possible complications such as secondary infections.
What is the danger of a tick bite?
Microscopic parasites carried by this insect settle in the blood, destroy its cells, completely disrupting metabolic processes and causing severe intoxication. Normally, symptoms appear 6-10 days after the bite. But they depend on the form of the course of the disease. With its hyperacute course, the symptoms appear literally on the second day, and this ends with the death of the animal.
The acute form occurs quite often, we observe its manifestation within a week after the dog has been bitten by a tick. “What to do at home?” this is the question most often asked by animal owners. Unfortunately, without special tests and medications, you will not be able to do anything. See your veterinarian as soon as possible. There is a chronic form, which is extremely difficult to diagnose. A short rise in temperature and lethargy are replaced by an improvement in the condition, after which the animal again refuses food. Such fluctuations can last long enough, but gradually the weakness grows, the animal gets tired quickly, it rarely has a good appetite.
There are situations when you are far out of town, in a village, and your pet begins to develop unfavorable symptoms. When the animal has refused to drink and eat, try to keep the body hydrated. Try pouring 100-150 ml of liquid into your mouth every hour. If the animal is vomiting, then it is better to give an enema or subcutaneous injection in the same amount. The body will take up the necessary fluid. If the animal is large and you cannot take it to the clinic for analysis, do it yourself. Rub the dog’s ear with alcohol, cut the blood vessel close to the edge with a sharp scalpel, and collect the blood on a glass plate. Dry a little, and you can go to the laboratory or veterinary clinic, and let your pet wait.
Three times a day, you need to inject subcutaneously 20 ml of glucose, as well as vitamins B6 and B12, in an ampoule once a day. But without antiparasitic drugs, your pet will not recover, and it is very dangerous to inject them without tests. Only if there is no way to get to the veterinary clinic, where a blood test can be done, and the most appropriate clinical picture is observed (a sharp increase and subsequent decrease in temperature, dark urine, pale mucous membranes), you can independently inject the drug “Azidin” or “Veriben”. You can enter 1 ml of a 7% solution per 20 kg of body weight.
Difficulties in diagnosing the disease
If in the case when a dog has recently been bitten by a tick, what to do is more or less clear, then when alarming symptoms “out of nowhere” occur, the situation looks confusing. The fact is that the disease does not necessarily manifest itself in the near future; it can “wait” for the moment when the animal’s immunity weakens. If a dog refuses to eat in the middle of winter, rarely does any owner remember that in the summer he removed the tick. But such things need to be remembered and in time to seek veterinary help.
One more point: an infected tick behaves somewhat differently than a healthy one. Especially if it is a male, he can bite and fall off without sucking. It is almost impossible to notice this on a walk, especially on a dark large dog. It remains only to monitor the health of your pet and not delay with the consultation of a specialist.
A dog was bitten by a tick: what to do at home? Tick bite symptoms
Spring days beckon to the forest or to the river. Of course, your dog does not want to stay in a cramped apartment, and you take him with you so that he can play plenty of fresh grass. Sorry, it’s spring. this is also a time of increased danger to meet a tick. Waking up after hibernation, these insects are very active, they need fresh blood for life and reproduction. If a dog is bitten by a tick, what to do?
Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. There are many products on the market today that are designed to prevent tick bites. This is a collar, drops on the withers, spray, powder. Since they do not offer 100% protection against ticks, owners often use several species together. For example, they put on a collar, supplement its action with drops on the withers, which last for several months, and before each going out into nature, they are additionally treated with a spray. This significantly reduces the risk of illness and is much less expensive than treatment and rehabilitation therapy. But if the dog is bitten by a tick, the signs will not keep you waiting. Do not comfort yourself with the thought that you have completely protected your pet. The sooner the correct diagnosis is made, the easier the treatment will be.
So, the dog was bitten by a tick. Piroplasmosis was identified and successfully defeated. It would seem, what more could you want. And the dog is still sluggish, asleep and does not want to eat. This condition is normal on the first day, but if it does not get better the next day, you need to tell your doctor about it.
In any case, within ten days you will need to take her to the vet, inject vitamins, saline solutions, drugs that improve the functioning of the heart, restore the functions of the liver, gall bladder, and gastrointestinal tract. It is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the animal; at the slightest deterioration, it is necessary to undergo a repeated analysis for piroplasmosis.
Re-infection is possible. Immunity is not formed. over, each subsequent infection will be more difficult to tolerate than the previous one. The animal may not survive the third bite.
Is encephalitis dangerous for dogs?
Until now, we have talked about the disease piroplasmosis. Encephalitis is primarily dangerous for humans, but against the background of weakened immunity, it can also affect the animal. If a dog is bitten by an encephalitis tick, the symptoms can be severe. Incubation period. 2-3 weeks. Usually the temperature rises, seizures develop, motor functions are impaired, and paralysis is possible. Hypersensitivity of the head and neck, severe pain sensations are often manifested. Behavior can vary from apathetic to aggressive. Later, paralysis of the facial and eye muscles occurs. If the dog is bitten by an encephalitis tick, there is no specific treatment, and the prognosis is usually poor, with a high probability of death.
Symptoms of ear mites in dogs
The first signs of ear scabies are the itching of the dog, which gets worse as the disease progresses. The dog shakes its head, rubs its ears against various objects or corners, scratches its ears with its claws, up to the formation of abrasions and deep scratches. Over time, a sick animal in the area of the auricles appears purulent wounds that do not go away and bald patches form.
With ear scabies, exudate begins to stand out from the ears of a sick dog, first serous, and then purulent. It mixes with the feces of ear mites and dries up in the depressions and folds of the auricle, forming crusts and scabs that are gray-brown in color and have a very unpleasant odor. The appearance of such discharge is the main symptom of ear scabies.
Ear mite infestation
Ear scabies occurs in dogs as a result of an ear mite infection from sick animals (cats, strangers, or stray dogs). The disease is often diagnosed in young animals under four months of age. In this case, the mother is most often the source of infection.
Complications of ear scabies
Improper or untimely treatment of ear mites in dogs can lead to such formidable complications as inflammation of the middle ear, perforation of the eardrum, labyrinthitis, meningitis (inflammation of the meninges), arachnoiditis (inflammation of the pia mater and arachnoid membrane). All these complications can lead not only to complete hearing loss in a sick animal, but even serve as the cause of its death.
Ear mite in dogs: symptoms, treatment, prevention
The ear mite is very uncomfortable for the dog. A cheerful and healthy dog begins to constantly scratch his ears, rub his head against all possible angles, run restlessly and periodically crack open anxiously or whine plaintively. If this behavior occurs, the owner of the dog should carefully examine its ears.
The cause of this behavior in an animal may be otodectic mange or ear scabies. It occurs as a result of infestation (infection) of a dog with Otodectés cynotis ticks. These mites are located in the ear canal and on the inside of the auricles. An ear mite in a dog is a very harmful parasite that feeds on particles of the epidermis, earwax and, most importantly, the blood of its carrier.
Ear mite treatment
Before starting treatment, be sure to make sure that the cause of your dog’s discomfort lies precisely in the infestation of ear mites. To do this, you should show the dog to a veterinarian, who, based on the examination and test results, will make the correct diagnosis and also prescribe treatment. Most often, the following drugs are used to treat ear scabies in dogs: Otovedin, Aurikan, Tera-Delta, Mastiet-forte or Otibiovin. Please note that these medicinal products are not intended to treat a dog without the intervention of a veterinarian.
The composition of these drugs includes various substances in various concentrations that have a detrimental effect on ear mites. All these substances are poisons! Therefore, never treat a dog without a doctor’s prescription. by this you can not only not help her, but on the contrary harm her. In addition, when carrying out treatment, carefully monitor the state of health and behavior of the dog. At the slightest change, be sure to inform your veterinarian. The first signs of concern are rashes, redness, and increased itching.
Treatment of ear scabies in dogs in advanced cases has to be carried out much longer and, unfortunately, it is not always effective.
How to instill drops for ear scabies
Before making direct instillation of ear drops, you should clean the dog’s auricle of dried exudate, because otherwise, the effectiveness of drug use will be very low. You can use regular cotton swabs to clean your dog’s ear. Many veterinarians advise to moisten cotton swabs in green tea infusion, and then remove plaque and crusts that have accumulated in the auricle of a sick dog.
Separate sticks should be used for each ear to prevent the possible transfer of ear mites from one ear to the other. Instillation of drops should be carried out in both ears, even if only one is affected by the disease. Do not exceed the dosage of the medication as directed by your doctor. After instilling the drops, massage the base of the animal’s ear so that the drops are evenly distributed over its auricle and get into the ear canal.
If after an illness after a while a relapse of the disease is observed again, then this may indicate either incorrect treatment, or that the dog’s immunity is reduced.
Preventing Ear Mite Infestations in Dogs
Prevention of infection of dogs with ear scabies is quite simple and consists in observing very simple rules:
-Do not let your dog communicate with other animals, especially stray dogs and cats, while walking;
-Perform regular drug prophylaxis of otodecosis using special collars, sprays and shampoos. Most often, drops and sprays of such well-known manufacturers as Frontline, Merial, Bayer and Bolfo are used for such prophylaxis. But speaking about the effectiveness of drug prevention of infection of dogs with ear mites, one cannot but say that all these drugs can cause allergic reactions in animals of varying degrees. Therefore, when using them, the owner must carefully monitor the health of the dog and, if the slightest deviations appear in it, immediately stop using the means of prophylaxis of otodectic mange.
Signs of a dog ear mite infection
As mentioned in the above, the first sign of the presence of an ear mite. slight itching that increases with disease progression.
Combing ears with claws. traumatizing them.
If you find at least one of these signs, be sure to contact your veterinarian, in no case do not self-medicate, you must make sure whether there is a tick in fact. All drugs against ear mites. it’s POISON! All these drugs are different from each other both in composition and concentration of components.
Types of drugs and their use against ear mites (otodectosis) in dogs
There are many drugs for ear mites (ear drops, ointment). Of these, most of the older generation preparations contain insecticides that do not affect tick eggs and must be used throughout the tick breeding cycle. 21 days or more. They do not write about this in the instructions for the drops. There are drugs that contain an antibiotic that affects both the tick and the eggs that it lays (for example, TRESADERM, the treatment period is reduced to 14 days).
One of the most effective ointments today. Oridermil. The period of treatment with this ointment is 4 weeks. I want to once again focus your attention on the fact that you never self-medicate, in the diagnosis and choice of drugs, be sure to contact your veterinarian.
Ear mites in dogs
What is ear mite in dogs and how to deal with it?
Ear mites or ear scabies in dogs. There are several types of mites that can lodge in your dog’s ear canal. The most common Otodectes Cynotis, these mites settle on the inside of the ears and in the ear canal, cause scabies in the ear canal. this is the first sign of the disease, hence its second name. ear scabies. These terrible parasites feed on blood, particles of skin (epidermis) and even earwax of a pet.
Why is ear mite dangerous in dogs??
These little parasites can get you in big trouble. damage to the pet’s health, can cause dangerous diseases (perforation of the eardrum, inflammation of the middle ear, meningitis, inflammation of the membranes of the spinal cord and brain, arachnoiditis, inflammation of the arachnoid and soft membranes of the brain), they can also cause hearing loss, and the worst. pet death.
Treating ear mites in dogs
- Before using the drug, you must clean the auricle with a cotton swab. Use a new cotton swab for each ear to prevent the parasite from being transferred to the healthy ear.
- To drip drops from an ear mite into each ear, proceed strictly according to the instructions of this drug.
- If you are using an ointment. apply it deeply into the auricle with the size of a pea, massage the ear, after a few minutes remove the rest of the ointment with a cotton swab.
How ear mites are transmitted among dogs?
Where can you get ear mites??!
Actually an ear mite. it is a very contagious parasite, it is easily transmitted by contact with animals, and especially by contact with cats (cats). they are very susceptible to this type of mite. Ear mites can be contracted during a normal walk on the street, and it is also transmitted from a nursing mother to a puppy.
On my own
Before treating ear mites in dogs, you need to make sure that this parasite is the problem. It is possible to identify ear scabies by visual inspection of the ear canal. In this case, a cotton swab is used, the contents of which, after ear cleaning, are applied to a plain sheet. preferably black, but in extreme cases, white is also suitable. Next, you need a magnifying glass. If it is possible to consider microscopic actively moving gray microorganisms, then the cause of the dog’s ailments becomes absolutely clear. We draw your attention to the fact that it may very well be that such a diagnosis will not give the desired results if the tick has just settled and its population is not too large. He just might not get on the fleece. If you are not sure, we still recommend contacting your veterinarian.
The female lays eggs in the dog’s ear, as well as on the hairy part of this organ. After four days, the larvae of the ear mite hatch, which feed on sulfur and other skin secretions for 7 days. Then there are two stages of molting:
In the deutonymph stage, the insect is asexual and remains so until it mates with a male ear mite. The female will fertilize and lay eggs, thereby continuing the ancestral chain.
Ear scabies can spread to other parts of the body.
Food for thought: who is an ear mite
Otodectosis. this is how an ear mite is called in the language of official veterinary medicine, which belongs to the subclass of arthropods of the class of arachnids. This parasite takes up residence in the dog’s ear canal. It is a microscopic white insect. The body does not even reach 1 mm in length. He can hit a dog at any age, but most often this infection appears in young animals.
A dog’s ear mite is skin-eating, in other words, it feeds on lymph. At the same time, in order to get food for itself, it gnaws holes on the inner side of the ear. There he lays eggs and develops, going through different stages of development. Sexual maturity is reached after 30 days.
Attention! This parasite can temporarily live on other parts of the dog’s body. The infection is transmitted from animal to animal, and it may not necessarily be a dog. Other pets, such as cats, are often infected.
How to treat ear mites in dogs
Does the dog constantly shake his head? Does the animal have unnaturally drooping ears? Has the dog lost its appetite? It is more likely to say that your pet is tormented by an ear mite. Of course, ideally, as soon as the first symptoms appear, you should contact your veterinarian. However, such an opportunity is not always available, but it is necessary to help the animal. In such a situation, you need to know what treatment at home you can apply.
How They Are, and Symptoms of Ear Mites in Dogs
Ear mites can be diagnosed by black discharge
What harm does the parasite do?
- Having settled once, the tick parasitizes on the host all its life.
- Clear signs that you can diagnose yourself are: itching in the ear and black discharge from the auricle.
- With a strong lesion, severe otitis media develops, an unpleasant odor appears.
- In especially advanced cases, the eardrum of the ear is destroyed and deafness occurs, and inflammation of the brain, that is, meningitis, can even develop.
- The dog’s whole body itches. sometimes ticks spread over the body. Then the animal’s neck, back, tail itch.
Tick infection has already caused ear inflammation
How are ear mites treated in dogs??
So, the diagnosis has been made and treatment must be prescribed. It all depends on the degree of damage to the ears of the animal. But, if we take a universal algorithm, the following activities will be required:
- Cleaning the ear canals. The decisive factor at this stage is the amount and nature of the discharge. With an abundance of them, it is better to contact a specialist, where sedation and flushing will be performed. In any case, you should not use traditional cotton swabs, since there is a high risk of pushing the infection deep into the ear.
- Special drugs are injected into the clean canals. Usually, topical treatment involves the use of special drops created on the basis of milbemycin or ivermectin. Thiabendazole is often prescribed to combat ear mites in dogs. Selamectin is also used. you need to inject between the shoulder blades.
- The drugs are dripped not only into the ear, but also applied to the affected skin. True, in the latter case, anti-flea agents are used.
- The most common pharmaceuticals are Otibiovin, Oricin, Anandin plus, Mastiet-forte, Otovedin, Otoferonol gold.
Oricin is an inexpensive but effective drug
Important! It is necessary to pay close attention not only to a dog with pronounced symptoms of otodectic mange, but also to pay attention to the condition of other animals in contact with it. It should be said here that ear scabies in dogs is less common than in cats, so furry pets must be examined often and carefully so as not to miss the onset of infection.
In the clinic
In a clinic, a veterinarian performs diagnostics using an otoscope, which includes a magnifying glass. An ear swab is also taken. the discharge is monitored under a microscope, where the tick is very clearly visible. Take a close look at what an ear mite looks like in dogs. the photo was taken by the specialists of the veterinary clinic. Among other means of professional diagnosis of a tick, it is worth noting:
- bacterial culture and sensitivity tracking;
- X-ray / CT;
- scrapings from the skin;
- allergy tests.
Ideally, the diagnosis should be carried out by a veterinarian.