What not to do?
Do not use drops recommended by friends, virtual acquaintances, or a pharmacy seller. Be very careful about antibacterial drugs. Some antibiotics, if used incorrectly, can damage nerve endings, which can affect the quality of hearing.
It is strongly not recommended to get involved in radical folk ways. Such methods include advice to warm up the ear with a red-hot brick or insert some device into it and set it on fire.
If a home remedy has worked for you and your ear no longer hurts, you cannot refuse to visit the doctor. Improvement may have a temporary effect.
Where does it hurt?
The structure of the ear is divided into three interconnected sections:
If pain is felt when the cartilaginous bulge of the auricle (tragus) is pressed, the problem is concentrated in the outer ear. The diseased middle ear makes itself felt very strongly. Shooting, unbearable pain is often accompanied by a rise in temperature, discharge from the ear, congestion and hearing impairment.
The inner ear hurts much less often. This type of disease (labyrinthitis) is the most insidious. This is due to the fact that the thinnest instrument is hidden inside the ear. In addition to hearing, he is responsible for balance. With internal lesions, painful symptoms may be accompanied by dizziness, a feeling of nausea, tinnitus.
How to relieve pain at home?
Ear pain is a serious symptom in which you should see an otolaryngologist as soon as possible. It does not matter who has a sore ear: an adult or a child. The first thing to do is make an appointment with a doctor. If it is impossible to get to the doctor on the same day, try to help yourself with the means available in the house. For example, if you fall ill in the evening or are away.
How to treat ear pain?
When the ear is shooting, it is difficult to keep calm even for a patient person. If the pain is unbearable, take an anesthetic: analgin, nurofen, panadol, ketanov.
The ear becomes inflamed, first of all, due to pathogenic microbes penetrating into the ear cavity. They attack the mucous membrane, causing swelling, mucus, and pus. Otitis externa often provoke damage to the ear canal with the formation of microtrauma or irritation. For example, the ingress of a foreign body or illiterate hygienic care.
Important! Non-sterile cotton swabs are not intended for cleaning the ears. They can injure the skin and cause infection.
To clean the auricle in young children, use special products that soften sulfur plugs. To do this, doctors recommend instilling Remo-Vax.
Otitis media of the middle ear is most often secondary, that is, the infection occurs from another organ. Otitis media is caused by:
- ENT diseases: rhinitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, etc. Infection from the nasopharynx enters the ear cavity and provokes inflammation.
- Infectious and viral diseases that weaken the immune defense: influenza, measles, chickenpox, etc.
- Hypothermia. Probable situation. hitting the ears with cold water, followed by exposure to wind or draft.
- Swimming and diving in polluted bodies of water.
- Pressure surges during plane flights.
- Injuries that damage the eardrum.
In some cases, the infection spreads to the inner ear.
Important! Otitis media are dangerous with serious complications. If you do not complete the full course of therapy prescribed by your doctor, the inflammation becomes chronic. Terrible consequences of untreated otitis media. hearing loss, meningitis, intracranial abscesses.
Another cause of ear pain. lymphadenitis. The disease is associated with inflammation of the lymph nodes behind the ear. In this case, there may be a high fever, a severe headache.
There are many popular recipes for getting rid of ear pain. However, they cannot be considered an absolute panacea. It is necessary to consider such methods only as a temporary pain reliever in order to “live” before going to the doctor.
Earache? Heal faster!
Through hearing, we perceive about ten percent of all information: music, children’s voices, birdsong and the sound of the sea. The hearing organs are a perfect mechanism, which, nevertheless, sometimes fails. Unfortunately, we begin to cherish and take care of him only when his ear hurts.
The sensitivity of the ear pain is very great. Until the visit to the otolaryngologist, we are left alone with otalgia. To understand the cause of the ailment and the methods of treatment, first we will try to determine the localization of pain.
Onion juice is a proven anti-inflammatory. Grate the onion, squeeze the gruel through cheesecloth. Juice squeezed from onions baked in the oven has a softer effect.
How to Treat a Dog Ear Infection (With Home Remedies)
Drop the resulting juice overnight or moisten a cotton ball with it and put it in your ear. Onion juice is especially effective for sore ears against the background of a cold. At the same time, it will help relieve nasal congestion.
Earache. What to do at home?
Dear readers, today we will talk with you about what to do in a situation when you are worried about pain in the ear, but there is no opportunity to see a doctor. The problem can find us on a trip or in the country, so it is important not to panic, but to provide yourself with first aid correctly.
Today on the blog I want to present you an article by the otorhinolaryngologist Svetlana Ershova. She will tell us what to do at home if your ear hurts.
Good day, dear readers of Irina’s blog. Surely, there have been situations in your life when an ear pain caught you or your loved ones by surprise. If at this moment you do not have the opportunity to see a doctor, then you need to take measures to prevent complications.
Determine the localization of pain
First you need to understand that pain is a signal of a malfunction in our body. To understand how to treat ear pain, you need to find the localization of the pain and find out the cause of the problem.
Our ear has three sections: inner, middle, and outer. You can easily identify a problem in the outer section by pressing on the “tragus”. a small cartilaginous protrusion in the anterior portion of the auricle. If you feel pain with pressure, then the problem is in the outer ear.
The middle ear is the cavity behind the tympanic membrane and the tube that connects this cavity to the nasopharynx. Inflammation in the middle section is accompanied by a sharp throbbing pain, a rise in temperature, a decrease in hearing, and sometimes discharge from the ear.
The inner ear is a complex mechanism that is responsible for maintaining balance and hearing. Inner ear inflammation (labyrinthitis) is the most dangerous and rare due to otitis media. With a labyrinth, along with a dull pain, a person may be disturbed by nausea, dizziness, tinnitus and hearing loss.
How to make a compress when your ear hurts?
- Take a small piece of gauze and roll it into several layers to fit your ear.
- Make a small hole in the gauze, the ear should pass through it.
- Take vodka (35-40 degrees), saturate cheesecloth with it and squeeze lightly.
- Place the gauze firmly on the skin area behind the ear (the ear should be outward).
- Similarly, make a hole in a piece of polyethylene and put on top of the gauze.
- Thus, the ear remains open, and the compress itself is located around. Put a large piece of cotton on top and fix the compress with a woolen scarf or scarf.
- You can keep the compress for 3-4 hours.
Attention! You can put a compress on the ear only at normal temperature.!
If it is not possible to consult a doctor, then you can use a turunda with propolis tincture to alleviate the condition. To do this, you need to take a 20% propolis solution, warm it up to room temperature, dip the turunda into it and insert it into the ear canal.
Relieve pain and a leaf of room geranium, it must be inserted into the ear for 2-3 hours.
Attention! Because otitis media is often caused by an infection that multiplies in the tympanic cavity, an antibiotic will be needed for treatment. Therefore, as soon as possible, you should consult a doctor.!
If dizziness, nausea, or hearing impairment join the ear pain, call a doctor immediately or call an ambulance. Inner ear inflammation cannot be treated at home.
Earache. What to do and how to treat at home?
Now you know that ear pain can be different. Depending on the location, you can choose the treatment.
If there is pain in the outer ear (it hurts when pressing on the tragus), then the first aid on your part is to anesthetize and warm. To eliminate pain, you can drink any remedy that is in your medicine cabinet. panadol, aspirin, paracetamol.
If there is a 3% boric acid solution in the first-aid kit, you can put it on a turunda in the ear. To do this, you need to take a small piece of cotton wool or a bandage, moisten it with boric acid, heated to a temperature of 36-37C, and put it in the ear canal. Boric acid is an excellent antiseptic and also warms up the ear.
You can use turundas with propolis or vegetable oil. To do this, warm a small amount of oil or propolis in a water bath, dip a piece of cotton wool in it and put it in the ear canal.
Attention! The turunda must be large enough to be easily removed.
The pain in the middle ear is often severe enough that it is important to take a pain reliever first. This can be any drug you have in your medicine cabinet. A regular vodka compress will also help relieve ear pain.
Causes of ear pain
Outer ear infections are often caused by fungal or bacterial infections. In the normal state, bacteria or fungi can be present on the skin of the ear canal, but they do not cause any harm to a person. But as soon as a person’s immunity decreases or wounds and cracks form on the skin of the ear canal, an inflammatory process immediately occurs, which manifests itself in the form of severe pain and burning sensation in the ear.
- An allergic reaction or irritation to the skin of the ear canal;
- Certain skin conditions;
- Using cotton swabs when cleaning your ears;
- Foreign body in the ear;
- Infections of adjacent organs;
- Sulfur plugs.
Inflammation of the middle ear is often secondary, that is, the infection enters the tympanic cavity from other organs. The reasons that contribute to the occurrence of otitis media:
- General hypothermia leads to a decrease in the overall temperature. This state is liked by bacteria, which begin to multiply vigorously, causing the development of the inflammatory process.
- Untreated infections in the nasopharynx or in the paranasal sinuses, caries and other diseases of the oral cavity often become provocateurs of inflammation in the middle ear.
The cause of pain in the inner ear is most often the penetration of infection into the inner ear cavity. And:
- Inflammatory processes in the brain and spinal cord;
- Viral and infectious diseases;
Other causes of ear pain
Other diseases can cause pain in the ear.
- Caries and inflammation in the oral cavity;
- Trigeminal neuritis;
- Cervical osteochondrosis;
- And other diseases.
You can eliminate bothersome pain by taking any pain reliever.
Sometimes there are situations when your ear hurts, you went to the otolaryngologist, and he tells you that everything is clean, calm, there are no problems with your ears. Then you need to see a neurologist. I invite you to watch a video from the doctor M.M. Shperling, who talks in great detail about the causes of pain in the ears, which are in no way associated with ENT diseases.
I told you about how to treat ear pain at home. Even if you feel better, seek medical attention as soon as possible.
With wishes of health and all the best, Svetlana Ershova, otorhinolaryngologist.
I thank Svetlana for such useful information for all of us. It is very simple and accessible, it is told about the reasons and what to do if we are faced with such a problem as pain in the ears.
I wish everyone to take care of themselves and be wise. Dress for the weather, in the fall we often encounter colds, if it is windy outside, put on a scarf, a hood on your head, make sure your feet are always warm.
And for the soul we will listen today to F. Lehar Waltz from the operetta “The Merry Widow”. Music of the Hungarian and Austrian composer and conductor, about whom they said: Lehar could only write “The Merry Widow”, immortality would have been ensured to him.
The dog shakes his head and scratches his ear: reasons how to help the pet
What to do if your dog shakes his head, presses his ear, or constantly scratches it. Obviously, the pet is tormented by pain and discomfort, but how to understand the reasons for what is happening? Let’s understand the main types of ailments that can affect the ears.
What does head-shaking in dogs say??
Let’s immediately determine if he shakes his head constantly. there is a reason for this, it can be obvious or very secretive, but this behavior cannot be ignored. The main causes of head shaking are pain or itching. In the second case, the ears are most often itchy. When a dog scratches its ears with its hind legs, it injures the skin, which leads to a second cause. pain.
The only option not associated with the disease is a foreign body trapped in the ear canal. In this case, it is strongly discouraged to solve the problem at home, it is better to immediately consult a doctor.
It is better to remove a foreign seal when the dog is immobilized. Chances are good that you will hurt your pet, he will shake his head and the foreign body will be even deeper.
In all other cases, shaking the head speaks of a disease that develops or proceeds secretly. In this case, it is useless to eliminate symptoms or stop unwanted actions. You need to understand the cause of the discomfort and eliminate it. If there are no assumptions, and the attending physician has already ruled out all possible options, symptomatic treatment is used. anti-inflammatory, sedative, etc. The possible reason is determined by the reaction of the body, that is, the treatment is carried out according to the “reverse” scheme.
Difficulty in diagnosis is due to the fact that a dog can shake its head and scratch its ears for dozens of reasons that cannot be determined in one visit to the veterinarian. If the diagnosis is not obvious, the owner will have to monitor the condition of the pet and note the reasons for its changes.
Types and causes of otitis media in dogs
If the dog scratches his ear and jerks his head vigorously, the cause is most likely in otitis media. Even animals prone to otitis media rarely suffer from this ailment if regular prophylaxis is carried out: examination and cleaning of the ears.
However, there are a number of contributing factors that a dog can suffer from:
- Features of anatomy. in some breeds of dogs the ears are hanging, and in some the ear canal is narrowed. In the first case, the ears are constantly wet due to the formation of condensation, in the second, there is a high probability of injury and infection of the auricle. Dogs with cropped ears are also at risk, since their ears are not protected from the external environment. wind, dust, direct sunlight, frost, precipitation, etc.
- Neoplasms, such as “harmless” papillomas, can lead to narrowing and even blockage of the ear canal.
- Ingress of water or foreign matter.
- Rough hike or wrong ear cleaning method.
- Using alcoholic solutions to clean your ears.
- Fungi and bacteria trapped in the ear canal.
- Unbalanced or improper diet. it has been established that sweet and smoked foods provoke the development of otitis media.
- Viruses. one of the symptoms of a viral disease can be otitis media or ear pain.
If you cannot understand whether your dog has otitis media, you need to check the signs. In addition to the constant shaking of the head and obvious soreness of the ears, a number of symptoms indicate otitis media. We talked about the signs of an ear mite above, so if you find abundant brown discharge, this is definitely not otitis media. However, infection with an ear mite can lead to otitis media, both acute and internal.
Otitis media may be indicated by a constant tilt of the head to one side. By tilting its head, the pet reduces the pressure in the auricle, which dulls the pain a little. A change in the flora and ear set, even if it is clear, may indicate otitis media, which is very painful. With profuse scratching of the ears and the area around them, it can be concluded that the dog has either an ear mite or otitis media.
After the initial infection, otitis media rapidly develops and is accompanied by secretions. At first, the discharge is transparent and greasy, after which ichor, pus and even blood are observed. Even before the appearance of obvious purulent discharge from the ears, it begins to smell unpleasant, which indicates rotting tissues in the ear canal and the formation of pus (when there is more of it, it will come out).
Quite often, even at an early stage of otitis media, a dog’s hearing deteriorates noticeably. If the ailment is accompanied by a blockage of the ear canal, hearing can be completely lost.
With any type of otitis media, the dog has a deterioration in appetite and an apathetic state. In the early stages, you will notice that the ears have become much hotter. When inflammation reaches deeper layers and triggers the body’s immune response, baseline body temperature rises.
Next, we will understand the types of otitis media, since the method of treatment and the prognosis of recovery depend on the correct diagnosis. At the site of the lesion, the ailment is divided into:
How to Identify and Treat an Ear Infection in Your Dog
- External. inflammation affects only the visible part of the auricle. Infected scratches are common.
- Medium is a very painful form, starting in the part of the ear that is invisible to you. Combing is observed behind the ears. The first symptoms can be considered abundant transparent discharge and “chomping” when massaging the auricle.
- Internal. the most painful and secretive form of otitis media. Visual symptoms do not appear for a long time, but it hurts the dog to move its head and therefore it tries to turn its whole body. Often the first symptoms are apathy or anxiety, fever, and refusal to eat.
Note! Treatment with folk remedies is acceptable only at an early stage of otitis externa. If the dog has already started purulent discharge, be sure to consult a doctor, since the infection very quickly goes deep into the ear and can cause irreversible harm.
It is known that many animals are able to withstand otitis media without treatment. over, some owners find out that their pet was sick after hearing impairment or a change in the shape of the auricle. This is due to the fact that otitis media can proceed with different intensities:
- Chronic otitis media is not very painful, it is exacerbated under certain conditions, for example, after hypothermia or in rainy weather. The cause of chronic otitis media is most often a special physiology or incompletely cured acute otitis media.
- Sluggish. leads to full-fledged complications, but develops secretly for a long time, often painlessly. The dog is itchy, the ears look damp, but there is no pus. Sluggish otitis media most often affects the middle ear.
- Acute is the most painful form with rapidly dissolving inflammation. Most often begins as otitis externa, but quickly affects the middle and inner ear. In most cases, the ailment develops on one side, but the other ear becomes infected during scratching.
Now let’s talk about the forms of otitis media that arise for various reasons. By determining what caused the disease, you can quickly cure the dog. Traditional treatment of otitis media will not work if the cause is not external influence.
Infectious otitis media develops when germs enter the auricle. It sounds trite, because germs are everywhere, even in the air. However, with a decrease in the level of the body’s immune defense, microorganisms do not die, but multiply. In a healthy dog, lubricating the ear canals is protective and antibacterial.
Bacterial otitis media occurs for similar reasons, but the causative agent of the disease is bacteria, more precisely, their colonies, which are attached to the skin and develop rapidly. In a healthy dog, the body will react to an attack by producing abundant lubricant, which will be manifested by increased moisture in the ears. If the body does not have enough resources to fight bacteria, for example, when water from a stagnant body of water enters the ear, otitis media will develop.
Traumatic otitis media develops as a result of the destruction of the internal tissues of the ear and inflammation against this background. When the local temperature rises in the ear, all microbes and bacteria begin to multiply faster. In fact, traumatic otitis media is only the cause, and the causative agent is a microorganism.
Parasitic otitis media can be caused by dozens of reasons, but most often the disease becomes the result of tick or flea infection. The dog scratches the skin, because it is tormented by an allergic reaction to the saliva of the parasites. After injury, the skin becomes infected, inflamed and swollen. Against the background of inflammation, the local temperature rises. the ears become hotter. Then everything is the same as in the previous version, since the heat promotes the reproduction of microbes.
Fungal otitis media is only one of the consequences of a dog being infected with spores of harmful fungi. The fact is that spores inseminate scratches and quickly penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin, which provokes itching. The dog itches, scratches become larger and the affected area also. It turns out a vicious circle, leading to wide and deep skin lesions, including in the auricles.
Allergic otitis media occurs for reasons other than the ears. As you know, a dog can suffer from food and non-food allergies. In both cases, the ailment causes the excitation of the immune system and the evasion of the work of all mucous membranes. When the immune system of the dog works in an enhanced mode, its temperature rises. It turns out that allergy contributes to the formation of very favorable conditions for the reproduction of parasites, the development of bacteria, microbes and fungal colonies.
Verrucous or wart otitis media. accompanied by the formation of neoplasms in the ear canal. The so-called warts have long roots that penetrate the deep layers of the skin. The neoplasms grow rather quickly, narrowing the ear canal and even blocking it completely. When the ear canal is narrowed, wax and natural secretions do not come out completely, which leads to so-called stagnation. Verrucous type of otitis media is always a complication of otitis media of another type, most often external and acute. Dogs with droopy ears are known to be more likely to suffer from wart otitis media.
Purulent otitis media is more likely a result, and not a kind of ailment. Any type of otitis media will sooner or later lead to the death of tissues and the decomposition of proteins, during which pus is formed. The discharge is most often yellow-green, which indicates infection. Impurities of blood indicate the destruction of the skin of the auricles. With purulent otitis media, thick crusts form in the ears, which must be soaked and removed.
Diseases of the ears in dogs
Most often, if the dog starts shaking its head, it hurts its ear. Winding in this case is caused by the desire to stop the discomfort. Moving the head partially helps to relieve pain, since large nerve fibers are irritated, and pain is transmitted through small.
Ear pain is not always otitis media. There are more than a dozen diseases that affect the ears and head of a dog in general. Let’s understand the symptoms of the most common of them.
In many small dogs, meteorological dependence is observed, which is accompanied by a severe headache when atmospheric pressure changes.
Ear mite or otodectosis is a parasitic disease caused by the microscopic Otodectes mite. An acceptable environment for the parasite to live and reproduce is the ear canal, as it is warm and humid. When in an acceptable environment, ticks multiply rapidly. Parasites feed on blood, lymph, skin particles and secretions, earwax.
It is important to remember that ear mites are highly contagious and can spread quickly from a carrier to a healthy dog. Note that cats are the most common carriers. Guaranteed infection will occur if a nursing bitch is sick with an ear mite. In this case, puppies can quickly die, but an adult dog will fight the disease for a long time.
The main symptoms of an ear mite are:
- Frequent head shaking.
- Scratching the ears.
- Ears tucking.
- The appearance of scratching on the face and back of the head in a short period of time.
- Severe pain. the dog whines if you touch the auricle.
- Severe itching. the pet scratches the ear with its paw, on furniture and other surfaces.
- The formation of brown, plasticine-like ear plaque. In advanced cases, this discharge clogs the ear canal.
- Discharge from the ear canals. at first, the discharge is similar to ichor, in the advanced stage, green pus is released.
- Characteristic odor from the ears. waste products of mites, earwax and blood mix, forming crusts that exude a putrid odor.
Have you examined your pet and its ears are clean, pink and smelling normal? What could be the reason? The first thing to rule out is ear or head injury. With a concussion, your pet is dizzy and nauseous. Shaking his head, the dog is literally trying to come to his senses and not lose his balance.
Ear injury is common in some breeds. Be careful and examine your pet after every walk if it has long or sensitive ears drooping to the cheekbones.
Another common cause is water entering the ear canals. The reason may be:
- Bathing violation.
- Incomplete drying after bathing.
- Walking in the rain.
- Swimming in the sea or bodies of water.
Note that getting pure water into the auricle is not dangerous, it will simply be absorbed through the skin, in the worst case, mild otitis media will develop.
The disastrous consequences cannot be avoided if water gets into the dog’s ear:
- From a stagnant body of water. a very rich source of bacteria that will multiply rapidly in warmth.
- From the sea or ocean. not only is the water salty and will burn delicate skin, there is a high probability of microscopic molluscs getting into the ear canal. It is known that some molluscs can live in the auricles for years, and not only in dogs, but also in humans.
- With detergent (shampoo, foam, soap, rinse).
If water gets into your dog’s ear, emergency treatment is needed. Wipe your ear with a paper towel to keep it as dry as possible and repeat this procedure every time your dog shakes his head. It is very likely that the dog will get rid of the water on its own, but carefully monitor the symptoms, because if the ear canal is infected or bacterial lesions, symptoms may appear within 3-10 days.
We mentioned above that a dog can shake its head for dozens of very shear reasons. If no ear ailments have been identified in the pet, the auricle looks normal and not painful, other possible causes should be considered.
Ectoparasites and ailments caused by invasion can lead to discomfort and itching in the ear canals:
- Fleas. the vast majority of dogs are allergic to flea saliva, it is due to the reaction of the body that the bite site itches. A dog may shake its head with a severe infestation when it feels pain when bitten. Scratching and shaking your head is a natural reflex.
- Lice. Dogs are not immune to lice infestation. These parasites are smaller, but easier to deal with. The danger is that lice, although slowly, but dexterously crawl and can make their way into the ear canals.
- Vlasoids are very dangerous parasites that can parasitize in all layers of the skin and even internal organs.
- Demodectic mange is a disease caused by a microscopic mite that always lives on the skin of a dog, but can multiply to an alarming amount due to a decrease in immunity. Most often, the first symptoms (hair loss, scab formation) are observed precisely on the face and in the ears.
All fungal infections lead to severe itching and discomfort. The first source from which the lesion spreads throughout the body is most often in the face. The most common fungal infection in animals is ringworm. The disease is fraught with the formation of characteristic round spots on which hair falls out and a ring forms. In the process of the development of the disease, the ring becomes covered with bubbles with liquid, which in turn burst. The problem is that these spots itch a lot, which leads to increased scratching and infection of the wounds.
Worm infestation can also cause head shaking. The most common reason is that the dog suffers from:
- Parasites that live in the eyes. when the worms grow up, the dog sees them as dark, floating spots. Trying to sharpen his vision, the four-legged shakes his head and scratches his eyes.
- Worms that have lodged in the airways or esophagus. shaking the head against the background of a cough or foreign sounds when breathing, may indicate a foreign body in the pharynx, esophagus, bronchi and lungs. As you understand, worms are a foreign body, which, moreover, moves and bites.
The last option that should not be overlooked is a mental disorder. Such a diagnosis will not be made by any veterinarian, but if all possible diseases are excluded, it should be assumed. There are several ways to find out whether a dog itches on nervous grounds. The first method is a sudden change of scenery, for example, increasing the intensity of the exercise during a walk. If the dog came home very tired and went to bed, did not shake his head or scratch his ears, the reason is most likely nervousness.
A safer option for dogs known to be mentally weak is to take one course of sedatives. If the dynamics have improved, you need to consult your veterinarian for further action.
Keeping an animal on sedatives for life is not a solution. We need to look for alternative ways to help. During the selection of therapeutic measures, special collars or homeopathic remedies can be used. Nervousness can be associated with vitamin deficiency and micronutrient deficiencies, so therapy should be started with a well-chosen vitamin complex.
Causes of diseases
The most common otitis media: diseases of the middle and outer ear, less often problems with the inner ear. The veterinarian will be able to establish the true cause of the disease when examining the animal.
A common cause of otitis media is bacteria (streptococci, proteus, staphylococci) and fungi. They are present in the dog’s body and do not bother until a certain point. The impetus for the development of the disease is a decrease in immunity, hypothermia, non-compliance with recommendations regarding good nutrition, allergic reactions.
Ear mites are the cause of ear inflammation, and the dog experiences severe itching. Breed predisposition is typical for dogs with an open ear canal and lop-eared dogs. The first category is threatened by dust and bacteria, which can easily enter the sink. In the second group, pathogenic microflora has a negative effect due to the lack of air circulation.
Regardless of the cause of the development of the disease, a doctor should diagnose and prescribe a comprehensive treatment. According to statistics, the cause of complications in most cases is the experiments of the owners. Neglecting treatment can lead to the development of a chronic disease that requires regular visits to the doctor and the use of special medications.
In practice, the effectiveness of the use of physiotherapeutic methods (ultraviolet radiation, thermal procedures) in combination with medication has been confirmed. Failure to follow the instructions of your veterinarian can lead to rupture of the tympanic membrane. There is practically no chance for a dog to survive in such situations.
A dog’s ear hurts: how to treat and how?
Pet lovers should have a clear idea of how to help their pet in any situation. Dogs, like any other animal, are not immune from injuries, infectious diseases and other ailments. Today we will talk about what to do if a dog’s ears hurt, how to treat it at home, and in what cases you should immediately contact the clinic.
It is important to remember the most alarming signs:
- the dog shakes his head, scratches his ear, whines;
- sulfur deposits become reddish brown;
- the head is tilted to one side;
- a specific smell appears;
- in difficult cases, the temperature rises, the inflamed area swells.
The sooner you react and take the necessary measures, the better your chances of a speedy recovery. It is easier to eliminate doubts about the need for treatment for a person who regularly performs hygiene procedures, that is, does not forget to clean his pet’s ears from time to time.
Most of the signs that indicate a disease can be identified visually. Also, bad odor is a common symptom of ear disease in dogs.
Lovers of animals “without experience” often succumb to panic for no good reason, for example, taking sulfur deposits of light brown color for the first signs of the development of a serious illness.
If you find one or more of the above signs in your pet, and if, in addition to them, the dog has an ear ache. what to do and how to treat it will be advised only by a qualified specialist. Making decisions on the use of medications on your own is risky.
How to help your pet?
In the absence of the possibility of visiting a doctor, it is necessary to provide assistance to the dog, excluding negative consequences. First of all, you can remove the crusts with gentle movements, for this you will need an ordinary hydrogen peroxide solution (1: 1 with water). Existing wounds should be treated with brilliant green. Analgin will help reduce the temperature.
Also, do not forget about preventive measures:
- Carefully comb out the hair in the ear area.
- Dry the auricle after each bathing with cotton swabs.
- Carry out hygienic care using special drops.
- Do not often wipe your ears, excessive care can cause injuries, imbalance of microflora.
- A dog that has suffered from otitis media should be regularly seen by a veterinarian.
- You should not try to remove a foreign body from the ear on your own, be sure to contact a qualified specialist.
Symptoms that your dog has ear pain
It is difficult for a dog owner to notice that the dog has an ear ache. That is why you should know a few basic alarming symptoms, which directly indicate the presence of problems in this area. It is worth worrying if:
- the dog often shakes its head, tries to scratch the ear, while constantly whining;
- sulfur formations in the dog’s auricle turn reddish-brown;
- the pet’s head is often tilted to one side;
- a repulsive smell is heard from the ears of the animal;
- body temperature rises;
- swelling occurs in the inflamed area.
However, if it seemed to you that the dog shook its head a couple of times, do not panic. it often happens that the owners raise the alarm without any particular reason, for example, taking ordinary earwax for the first signs of otitis media or other ear disease.
However, if you find at least two of the above symptoms, you should see your doctor immediately. Remember, self-medication in most cases only exacerbates existing problems.
Possible reasons why your dog has ear pain
- Otitis. The most common types of otitis media are diseases of the middle and outer ear in dogs. However, you should also not exclude the possibility that your pet’s ear pain is due to inflammation of the inner ear. As a rule, otitis media is manifested as a result of the active process of vital activity and the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria, including, for example, staphylococci and streptococci, as well as fungi. Dog owners should be aware that it is simply not possible to completely eradicate bacteria in a dog’s body. However, they do not give the animal exactly any inconvenience up to a certain point. As a rule, the catalyst for the problem is a sharp weakening of the pet’s immune system, frostbite, as well as a violation of a balanced diet.
- Ear mite. The appearance of such a parasite in the auricle of a dog in all cases, without exception, leads to severe inflammation of the ear. In this case, the animal constantly suffers from unbearable itching. Most often, lop-eared dogs and pets with an open ear canal suffer from this disease. Dust can catalyze the disease, as well as bacteria, which nothing prevents from penetrating into the auricle. In some cases, extremely painful sensations in the ear in the presence of an ear mite are exacerbated by the lack of normal air circulation.
- The occurrence of a serious allergic reaction to sudden changes in the diet or the ingestion of food that is not intended for the dog’s body;
- Cold water entering the animal’s ear while bathing;
- Mechanical damage to the surface of the ear or auricle, for example, while fighting with another dog or walking.
The dog has a sore ear
Ear diseases are quite common in dogs of different breeds, ages and sizes. As a rule, their owners do not know what exactly they are dealing with, and try to start treatment on their own, or do not notice the pet’s suffering at all. However, if your dog has ear pain, this is usually a signal that there is a serious health problem in the animal. In order to know exactly what to do in such situations, it is necessary to carefully study the behavior of the dog in such cases, the possible causes of pain, as well as a list of preventive measures to avoid such problems.
Having carefully studied the possible causes of ear pain in dogs, we can come to the conclusion that completely different factors can provoke pain. Thus, it is almost impossible to make a correct diagnosis and start treatment on your own. Experiments can only aggravate the situation and lead to the emergence of a chronic form of the disease, which, as you know, is very difficult to treat and requires constant intervention from specialists.
If a dog has an ear ache, the veterinarian first of all makes a diagnosis, and only then prescribes treatment, which often involves the use of physiotherapeutic measures, for example, thermal procedures or ultraviolet irradiation. Along with them, drug therapy is usually carried out.
In general, treatment can be divided into three main streams:
- Local therapy. This method of treatment is relevant if the disease has reached the middle stage. In such cases, special drops and ointments are prescribed. Often it is necessary to use drugs that act against several factors of the disease at once. For example, if a tick was found in a pet, medication is prescribed against it, which also includes anti-inflammatory drugs. If the infection has arisen due to random factors, and aggravates the underlying cause of the disease, the specialist, as a rule, prescribes a course of antibiotics or ointments. Pain medications are used against the pain itself.
- Rinsing the auricle. A similar procedure is prescribed for the chronic course of the disease, since in such cases, so-called ear plugs are regularly formed in dogs, which can reach enormous sizes. over, medications work more effectively if the pinna remains clean. The procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia.
- Reconstructive surgery. Some animals require surgery. It allows you to correct your ear canal and prevent recurrence of ear problems.
If the dog has a sore ear, and the owner, for some reason, cannot take the animal to a specialist, his primary task is to remove the crusts. This must be done very carefully. For this procedure, you can use a solution of hydrogen peroxide, which must be diluted with water in a one-to-one ratio. If you find wounds on the surface of the ear, they can be treated with brilliant green. If the animal has a fever, you can give him an analgin tablet.
Remember, if your dog has ear pain, it means that the animal’s body is struggling with a serious problem anyway. Ignoring the advice of a veterinarian or the disease itself can cause rupture of the tympanic membrane, which in most cases is fatal.
Dog owners often neglect the basic rules of prevention, apparently without taking into account the fact that preventing a problem is much easier than getting rid of it. In order for the dog not to have ear pain, the owners need to:
- regularly and thoroughly comb the hair near the ear of the animal;
- directly after water procedures, dry the ear with clean cotton swabs;
- periodically carry out cleansing hygiene procedures using special ear drops (it is better to discuss the choice of means with a veterinarian in advance);
- do not show excessive fanaticism. too thorough and frequent procedures can injure the shell of the auricle and contribute to the imbalance of microflora;
- regularly take an animal that has suffered from otitis media or any other auricle disease for a preventive examination;
- avoid self-medication, such as removing foreign bodies from the ear at home.
What are the reasons for a dog’s ear pain??
Ear problems in dogs develop as a result of external influences or internal imbalances in the body. The main causes of pathology can be:
- Parasitic diseases. Ear mite (directly affects the ear of animals); flea or worm infestation (when infected with these parasites, an allergy often develops, which will also manifest itself on the ears).
- Inflammatory process. It develops in almost any pathology in the ear, if the cause is not eliminated in a timely manner.
- Congenital pathologies.
- Burn (thermal, chemical).
- Breed predisposition. in dogs with hanging ears, the auricle is poorly ventilated. As a result, favorable conditions are created for the development of pathological microorganisms.
- Food allergy.
The use of external medicines
We are talking about drops in the ears. There are no special application secrets here. The most important thing is to spread the auricle well and drip the drug inside. Next, a light massage is done so that the medicine is evenly distributed. At the same time, they do not allow the animal to shake its head for about a minute. If a dog has a sore ear, then the agent is instilled into both channels.
In case of burns, anti-inflammatory ointments are applied to the damaged skin for several days.
The drainage system (for injuries and hematomas) is washed with 0.05% Chlorgesidine solution, then Levomekol ointment is injected. The procedure is carried out until the cavity is completely healed.
What to do if your dog has ear pain, how can you treat it at home?
Treatment of ear diseases comes down to careful hygiene of the ear canal. After an accurate diagnosis has been established, further therapy is prescribed. For the entire recovery course, the dog is put on a protective collar to exclude the possibility of self-injury.
What to do if a dog has ear pain, can it be helped at home?
Any pathology of the organ of hearing in animals can lead to unpleasant consequences. What to do if a dog has ear pain, what can be used to treat it at home? It depends on the pathology, which the specialist will help to establish. The help provided at the initial stage of the disease significantly alleviates the condition of the animal and prevents further problems.
Hearing in dogs is much better than in humans. Animals hear sounds that the human ear does not pick up. Even the anatomical structure has visible differences: from the size of the auricle to its mobility. Pathological processes cause significant discomfort to pets, as they can reduce hearing acuity, cause itching and cause pain. So what to do if your dog has ear pain, how can you help it at home? We will analyze the main symptoms of ear diseases in dogs, as well as methods of their treatment.
Anatomically, the ear canal in dogs has a curved appearance, so it is quite difficult to damage the eardrum with normal hygienic cleaning. Still, you shouldn’t use cotton swabs for this procedure. They can remove dirt from the outer part of the auricle. For deeper hygiene, a cotton pad is used or a piece of cotton is wound around a finger. Pre-moistened in physiological solution, or in Chlorhexidine 0.05%.
With the permission of the doctor, it is possible to use special cleansing lotions. Their action is aimed at softening ear discharge. A small amount of lotion is injected into the canal, the ear is massaged and then the dog is allowed to shake its head. A significant part of the pollution will be outside. All dirt is carefully collected with a cotton pad.
Medicines given by mouth
With a bacterial or fungal nature, tablets are prescribed. These are antibiotics or antifungal agents. As a rule, medications are prescribed in a long course (21-28 days). The frequency of use depends on the drug of choice.
With an allergic nature, the animal is given antihistamines and the possible cause of the pathology is found out. For food allergies, an elimination diet is prescribed. All protein sources are removed from the diet and only one is left. So, alternating products, a possible allergen is determined. With an atopic nature, it is more difficult to eliminate the cause. Allergies can appear to dust, pollen, and even other animals.
Symptoms of pet ear pain
Depending on the pathology, the symptoms may differ slightly. But to find out that the dog has ear pain, an attentive owner can at the initial stage of the disease.
often, a dog has a sore ear, as the process develops on one side.