home Dogs What to do if your dog has no milk

What to do if your dog has no milk

Table of Contents

Local clinical signs of mastitis in a dog

It is not difficult to understand which share is affected by mastitis. It is larger in size than healthy, asymmetry is visible. If you touch the inflamed lobe, then it is much hotter than the surrounding healthy tissue. And the redness of the gland is noticeable. The affected tissue swells, hardens, and is extremely painful. If you touch the inflamed lobe, the dog will twitch, may squeal in pain, whine, lick the sore spot. With gentle pressure, milk with various impurities flows out of the nipple: blood, pus, for example. There may be flakes (gray, yellow-green, white), “threads”.

What does mastitis look like in a dog. see the symptoms of this disease on several

Medicines

Before using antibiotics to treat a dog with mastitis, it is necessary to determine which drug the microorganisms are sensitive to. Unfortunately, it takes more than one day to titrate, so broad Spectra antibiotics are prescribed for the first time.

If no improvement is observed within three days, then the research results will come in handy (the most effective antibiotic will be found that will kill pathogenic microorganisms). You cannot cope with the selection method yourself, just start the disease (up to sepsis and death of the animal).

It would be nice to strengthen the immune system. For this, immunostimulants and modulators are prescribed. It would be nice to take the milk from the affected lobe to the laboratory (in good clinics there are such departments) so that sowing can be done. This will help your veterinarian know which bacteria are responsible for the inflammation. If it is staphylococcus, the doctor will prescribe antistaphylococcal gamma globulin. And the pet will start to recover quickly.

Antipyretic, antihistamines, vitamins, pain relievers will help. But without antibiotics, full recovery cannot be achieved.

If everything went very far, the treatment of a dog with mastitis was started too late or did not give positive results, then you will have to resort to surgical intervention. By removing the affected gland, you will remove the “focus of infection.” And the chances of recovery will be much greater.

If the gland is inflamed in a bitch with false schenny, then antibiotics will be required, as well as drugs that stop lactation. Be sure to bandage the glands.

Injuries, scratches, abrasions

They are the gateway to infection through which pathogenic microorganisms enter the breast tissue. If you notice your dog’s nipples or adjacent delicate tissue are scratched, be careful. If the wounds are fresh, rinse them and be sure to sanitize (disinfect, use iodine, peroxide). Make sure that the lactating bitch does not have any pustules on the glands, damage, and the body temperature remains normal. If something alarmed you, do not start treating your pet at home, even if it seems to you that you can cope on your own. Remember that you are responsible not only for the health and life of the mother dog, but also for her children. It is not known how the treatment regimen you have chosen will affect the health of the puppies.

Lactostasis

When there is a lot of milk, or it is not eaten by babies completely, then it stagnates in the mammary gland. The alveoli are so enlarged that the milk ducts are squeezed. Milk can no longer flow normally, the gland increases and hardens. And for bacteria, this is the ideal environment: warm, satisfying. And now microorganisms multiply, causing inflammation of the mammary gland in the dog.

Symptoms of mastitis in dogs

The symptoms of mastitis in dogs can sometimes be confused with lactostasis. But if you know some of the subtleties that you now understand, then it will not be so difficult to make a diagnosis. Correctly, and most importantly, a timely diagnosis will help to quickly and competently prescribe an effective treatment. So, what are the most common signs and symptoms of mastitis in dogs??

Causes of mastitis in dogs

The cause of mastitis in dogs is almost always pathogenic microorganisms (stepto- or staphylococci, as well as anaerobes, both clostridia and Escherichia coli). These microbes can enter both through the open nipple canal (after the puppies have eaten) and through damaged skin (abrasions, scratches, wounds, scratches, bites). If the pyogenic microorganisms get into the ideal habitat for them, then the dog will develop purulent mastitis.

But do not forget about the predisposing factors that only increase the risk of developing mastitis in a dog. These include:

Mastitis in dogs

Mastitis in dogs is dangerous not only for the health of the mother, but also for her babies. After all, inflammation of the mammary glands is a very dangerous disease that can end for an animal, including fatal. Today we will talk about the symptoms and methods of treating mastitis in dogs. what the owner needs to do in this case, how to help the pet.

Common clinical signs of mastitis in a dog

The animal is no longer so active, even a little apathetic. He tries to lie down, sleep more. Appetite is markedly reduced, in severe cases completely disappears. Body temperature starts to rise.

Duration of lactation in dogs

This process usually takes six to eight weeks in bitches. Veterinarians do not recommend interrupting such an important period artificially, so breeders do not wean puppies from their mother for up to two months. Mother on her own after eight weeks reduces feeding time, spends less time with her offspring. That is, nature has laid down the process of gradual cessation of lactation with the puppies growing up.

It is such a phased weaning of her offspring by a bitch that will never cause stress and digestive problems in babies. Young dogs will grow up by familiarizing themselves with the usual food or feed specially designed for them.

Milk in dogs

04/25/2019

Features of breastfeeding puppies

After the mother gives birth to her offspring, her mammary glands begin to function intensively. In the early days, colostrum is secreted from them. a lighter and healthier food product for puppies than milk. It is easier for the dog’s weak body to digest and helps him to quickly adapt to extrauterine nutrition, that is, to the mother’s breast milk. By the way, it is twice as fat as cow’s.

your, milk

The quantity and quality of milk is influenced by the nutrition of the dog. The healthier and more natural her food, the better she will be lactating and, accordingly, the sooner the puppies will grow.

They eat from two rows of nipples located on the mother’s belly. In total, a dog’s mammary glands can be from eight to twelve, but the lower nipples are always the milkiest. Whether a mother has enough milk can only be determined by her children. If they have enough maternal nutrition, then they grow before our eyes, are calm and after feeding they always huddle together. When the bitch does not have enough milk, the squeak of the puppies, poor weight gain, anxiety is an indicator of the problem.

What to do to get more milk from a lactating dog

Faced with the problem of insufficient milk production in a given birth pet, the owner should take the following measures to restore it:

  • Stimulate milk flow through the development of the mammary glands. The last pair of nipples is the most productive. If the litter is large, then the healthiest and tallest puppies should be placed near the first teats so that they develop and thereby increase milk flow. The owner can also regularly massage the dog’s mammary glands on their own.
  • You can increase the production of secretions by including certain foods in the animal’s diet. First of all, the dog should be fed liquid food. It is necessary to increase the amount of liquid consumed by the pet. water, milk. To stimulate milk production, experienced breeders drink cow’s milk with honey for a newly-baked mother.
  • Walnuts have a milk-producing effect. They should be given one at a time, three times a day. The dog’s diet should contain dairy products. cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, natural yogurt. According to experienced dog breeders, the use of biogenic stimulants, such as Apilak, gives a good effect.
  • On the recommendation of a veterinarian, hormones may be prescribed to the animal. To activate the process of milk flow in obstetric practice, Oxytocin is most often used. The hormonal substance stimulates the formation of milk in the mammary glands of the dog, relieves soreness when sucking puppies.

In some cases, the inclusion of calcium supplements in the diet helps to activate milk flow. The mineral is lost by the mother during pregnancy and often leads not only to postpartum eclampsia, but also affects milk production after the birth of the offspring.

Causes of lactation problems

According to veterinary experts, the following reasons can cause agalactia or insufficient production of milk secretion in an animal:

  • The animal has its first birth. Lack of milk in a primiparous female is a fairly common phenomenon associated with a delayed production of hormones that stimulate milk flow. The stress dogs experience when first encountering unusual sensations in their bodies also delays the normal production of secretions from the mammary glands.
  • Complicated labor. Difficult childbirth, significant blood loss, the use of antispasmodic drugs are factors that provoke agalactia and insufficient milk production. The cause of impaired secretion can be a cesarean section performed on the animal.
  • The reason for the lack of milk in a new mother is often diseases of the genital organs (endometritis, vaginitis, inflammation or ovarian cyst, etc.). Under the influence of inflammatory and hormonal factors in the dog’s body, the processes of milk production and separation are disrupted.
  • Disturbances in the feeding system of a pregnant female. Inadequate diet, poor quality of feed, lack of vitamin A, E, ascorbic acid in the diet negatively affect milk production in the giving birth female.
  • Unsatisfactory living conditions of the animal. The lactation process can be significantly slowed down if the dog is kept in a cold, damp, unheated room.
READ  How to build a dog kennel with your own hands

Veterinarians note that agalactia or insufficient milk production is often caused by certain medications used to treat a dog during pregnancy.

How to feed puppies if lactation has not been established

A substitute for a bitch product, for example from Royal Canine, is, as a rule, a set of dry mix, a bottle with a graduated mark, a measuring spoon for the correct dosage and several teats of different sizes.

In the absence of a special mixture for newborn puppies, you can feed the babies with boiled cow’s milk. For half a liter of whole product, add one chicken yolk and 100 ml of cream. Many dog ​​breeders successfully feed their newborns with goat milk. You can also add one beaten chicken yolk to it. When feeding puppies with natural milk, boil it and carefully monitor the work of the intestines of the babies.

Ready-made formula for children is suitable for artificial feeding. Taking into account that bough milk is fatty, infant formula must be diluted not in water, but in boiled cow product.

The cooked substitute should be fed warm. The frequency of feeding depends on the age of the babies. In the first 7 days of life, puppies should receive another portion of food every 2 hours. When babies are 2 weeks old, they are fed 10 times, at the age of three weeks. 8 times a day.

When using a ready-made specialized mixture, the instructions give detailed feeding schemes for various animal breeds (frequency rate, serving volume). If whole cow or goat milk, infant formula is used for artificial feeding, then the owner needs to control the weight gain of young animals using special tables for a particular breed.

We recommend reading about why the dog does not eat. You will learn how to normalize your pet’s appetite, why the dog does not eat after childbirth, refuses dry food, meat, and more.

And more about optimal dog nutrition.

The strength of lactation in a dog after giving birth depends on a number of reasons. In some cases, the owner manages to quickly establish the milk flow process by including special additives in the diet or the use of medications on the recommendation of a veterinarian. However, a responsible dog breeder should be prepared to artificially feed newborns with special formula or whole milk.

For artificial feeding of puppies and kittens, see this

How to tell if your dog is low on milk

In the first hours and days after childbirth, mammals begin to produce colostrum in the mammary glands. The secret is a highly nutritious milk with increased immunoglobulins, vitamins, proteins and complete amino acids. Colostrum is a natural immune defense of newborns from pathogenic microbes and viruses, protects the baby’s body from infections in the first days and even months after childbirth.

Approximately 3-4 days after the birth of the offspring, the secretion of the mammary glands becomes similar to cow’s milk. In terms of its composition, it contains about 2 times more fat than whole cow. For newborns, it is the source of all nutrients and is well absorbed by puppies.

Lack (agalactia) or insufficient milk supply (hypogalactia) in a domestic dog is not difficult to recognize. As a rule, the behavior of the offspring indicates the problem. Well-fed newborns are not fussy, but calm, they sleep almost all the time, huddle around the warm belly of their mother. Hungry puppies become active, crawl around the nest in search of food, squeak a lot.

The owner can also suspect hypogalactia in a dog due to thinness, lack of weight gain in the offspring with regular monitoring of the increase in live weight of newborns.

The problem with the lack of milk secretion is indicated not only by the behavior of the puppies, but also by the mother herself. The dog can leave the nest for a long time, when trying to suck it runs away from the babies, sometimes even shows aggression towards them. This behavior is associated with soreness when puppies suck on empty mammary glands.

The owner can make sure that the dog does not have milk by himself by pressing on the milk nipples. Their examination reveals cracks, coarsening. A change in secretion (watery or mucous discharge, wrong color) may indicate that the animal has mastitis.

We recommend reading about uterine prolapse in a dog. You will learn about the causes of uterine prolapse in an animal, symptoms, diagnostic methods, treatment and care.

And more about the symptoms and treatment of vaginitis in dogs.

How to feed a nursing mother dog in the first month

Owners of different dogs often ask exactly the same questions: How to feed a lactating Spitz bitch? How to feed a feeding Labrador dog? Or: How to feed a Yorkie after giving birth? By and large, the diet of a bitch of any breed after giving birth is almost the same. The menu of a new mother must include:

Also, don’t forget about vitamin and mineral supplements. Very often, the dog does not eat well after giving birth. You should not worry about this, because the loss of appetite lasts a couple of days. However, you still need to feed the animal with an interval of six or eight hours and be sure to give it a drink to increase lactation. In the first week, it is necessary to increase the amount of food for a nursing mother by one and a half times. During this period, the dog’s diet should include cottage cheese and milk, cereals (oatmeal or semolina), boiled fish, meat broth with rice, boiled chicken or beef. Do not forget about vitamins for pregnant and lactating bitches From the second week of feeding, you can add unprocessed meat to the dog’s menu, and in the third week you need to make the food varied (with the addition of fresh vegetables, herbs, bone meal, vitamins to its composition), and most importantly. abundant. The amount of food increases depending on the number of puppies in the litter (four puppies. twice as much food, eight. three times). If you do not know how to increase milk in a lactating dog, you can give him milk with honey or Apilak tablets (one piece four times a day) as a drink. From the fourth week it follows, while maintaining the calorie content of food, reduce its amount, because the puppies are already starting to receive complementary foods.

What to do to get more milk from a lactating dog

Faced with the problem of insufficient milk production in a given birth pet, the owner should take the following measures to restore it:

  • Stimulate milk flow through the development of the mammary glands. The last pair of nipples is the most productive. If the litter is large, then the healthiest and tallest puppies should be placed near the first teats so that they develop and thereby increase milk flow. The owner can also regularly massage the dog’s mammary glands on their own.
  • You can increase the production of secretions by including certain foods in the animal’s diet. First of all, the dog should be fed liquid food. It is necessary to increase the amount of liquid consumed by the pet. water, milk. To stimulate milk production, experienced breeders drink cow’s milk with honey for a newly-baked mother.
  • Walnuts have a milk-producing effect. They should be given one at a time, three times a day. The dog’s diet should contain dairy products. cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, natural yogurt. According to experienced dog breeders, the use of biogenic stimulants, such as Apilak, gives a good effect.
  • On the recommendation of a veterinarian, hormones may be prescribed to the animal. To activate the process of milk flow in obstetric practice, Oxytocin is most often used. The hormonal substance stimulates the formation of milk in the mammary glands of the dog, relieves soreness when sucking puppies.

In some cases, the inclusion of calcium supplements in the diet helps to activate milk flow. The mineral is lost by the mother during pregnancy and often leads not only to postpartum eclampsia, but also affects milk production after the birth of the offspring.

How to feed puppies if lactation has not been established

A substitute for a bitch product, for example from Royal Canine, is, as a rule, a set of dry mix, a bottle with a graduated mark, a measuring spoon for the correct dosage and several teats of different sizes.

In the absence of a special mixture for newborn puppies, you can feed the babies with boiled cow’s milk. For half a liter of whole product, add one chicken yolk and 100 ml of cream. Many dog ​​breeders successfully feed their newborns with goat milk.

You can also add one beaten chicken yolk to it. When feeding puppies with natural milk, boil it and carefully monitor the work of the intestines of the babies.

Formula feeding for puppies Ready-made infant formula is suitable for artificial feeding. Given the fact that bitch milk is fatty, infant formula must be diluted not in water, but in boiled cow product.

The cooked substitute should be fed warm. The frequency of feeding depends on the age of the babies. In the first 7 days of life, puppies should receive another portion of food every 2 hours. When babies are 2 weeks old, they are fed 10 times, at the age of three weeks. 8 times a day.

When using a ready-made specialized mixture, the instructions give detailed feeding schemes for various animal breeds (frequency rate, serving volume). If whole cow or goat milk, infant formula is used for artificial feeding, then the owner needs to control the weight gain of young animals using special tables for a particular breed.

We recommend reading about why the dog does not eat. You will learn how to normalize your pet’s appetite, why the dog does not eat after childbirth, refuses dry food, meat, and more. And here is more about optimal dog nutrition.

The strength of lactation in a dog after giving birth depends on a number of reasons. In some cases, the owner manages to quickly establish the milk flow process by including special additives in the diet or using medications on the recommendation of a veterinarian. However, a responsible dog breeder should be prepared to artificially feed newborns with special formula or whole milk.

Food for lactating dogs

Feeding a dog during lactation is quite troublesome. Not every dog ​​lover has enough time, effort and money to calculate calories, select and prepare the necessary food for the animal. And here special dry food for lactating dogs will come to the rescue. Such food is presented in the line of food of almost every well-known manufacturer of dog food. This feed already contains an optimal formula for feeding, has an increased amount of proteins (animal and plant origin), regulated fats and the required dose of vitamins. All that the owner of a nursing mother needs is to increase the amount of food (double from the second week and triple from the third to the end of feeding the puppies), and also divide this amount by five to six meals.

If the owner decided to take a female dog as his pupils, then he must be ready for all the intricacies of the period of her motherhood. An important point is to stop lactation in the bitch after the distribution of puppies. This is necessary in order to avoid mastitis and its complications. So, let’s find out what needs to be done to stop lactation, that is, the release of milk from the mammary glands of the bitch.

READ  What to do if your dog has no milk

A dog has little milk: how to help and what to do right for a nursing mother

After the completion of the long-awaited birth, the pet’s pet has a lot of worries about caring for the new mother and her offspring before the owner. For a number of reasons, the female can not always provide a sufficient amount of milk for the puppies that are born. In this case, the owner needs to take measures to activate lactation in the dog and take over the feeding of the babies.

Causes of lactation problems

According to veterinary experts, the following reasons can cause agalactia or insufficient production of milk secretion in an animal:

  • The animal has its first birth. Lack of milk in a primiparous female is a fairly common phenomenon associated with a delayed production of hormones that stimulate milk flow. The stress dogs experience when first encountering unusual sensations in their bodies also delays the normal production of secretions from the mammary glands.
  • Complicated labor. Difficult childbirth, significant blood loss, the use of antispasmodic drugs are factors that provoke agalactia and insufficient milk production. The cause of impaired secretion can be a cesarean section performed on the animal.
  • The reason for the lack of milk in a new mother is often diseases of the genital organs (endometritis, vaginitis, inflammation or ovarian cyst, etc.). Under the influence of inflammatory and hormonal factors in the dog’s body, the processes of milk production and separation are disrupted.
  • Disturbances in the feeding system of a pregnant female. Inadequate diet, poor quality of feed, lack of vitamin A, E, ascorbic acid in the diet negatively affect milk production in the giving birth female.
  • Unsatisfactory living conditions of the animal. The lactation process can be significantly slowed down if the dog is kept in a cold, damp, unheated room.

Veterinarians note that agalactia or insufficient milk production is often caused by certain medications used to treat a dog during pregnancy.

Useful video

For artificial feeding of puppies and kittens, see this

Feeding a dog that has given birth to puppies is not just an important, but also a responsible process, since the owner of the animal, on the one hand, should make sure that the mother has a lot of high-calorie and rich milk with everything necessary for the formation of strong immunity in babies, and on the other. that the bitch herself is not exhausted, she feels vigorous and healthy.

How to tell if your dog is low on milk

In the first hours and days after childbirth, mammals begin to produce colostrum in the mammary glands. The secret is a highly nutritious milk with increased immunoglobulins, vitamins, proteins and complete amino acids. Colostrum is a natural immune defense of newborns from pathogenic microbes and viruses, protects the baby’s body from infections in the first days and even months after childbirth.

Approximately 3-4 days after the birth of the offspring, the secretion of the mammary glands becomes similar to cow’s milk. In terms of its composition, it contains about 2 times more fat than whole cow. For newborns, it is the source of all nutrients and is well absorbed by puppies.

Lack (agalactia) or insufficient milk supply (hypogalactia) in a domestic dog is not difficult to recognize. As a rule, the behavior of the offspring indicates the problem. Well-fed newborns are not fussy, but calm, they sleep almost all the time, huddle around the warm belly of their mother. Hungry puppies become active, crawl around the nest in search of food, squeak a lot.

The owner can also suspect hypogalactia in a dog due to thinness, lack of weight gain in the offspring with regular monitoring of the increase in live weight of newborns.

The problem with the lack of milk secretion is indicated not only by the behavior of the puppies, but also by the mother herself. The dog can leave the nest for a long time, when trying to suck it runs away from the babies, sometimes even shows aggression towards them. This behavior is associated with soreness when puppies suck on empty mammary glands.

The owner can make sure that the dog does not have milk by himself by pressing on the milk nipples. Their examination reveals cracks, coarsening. A change in secretion (watery or mucous discharge, wrong color) may indicate that the animal has mastitis.

We recommend reading about uterine prolapse in a dog. You will learn about the causes of uterine prolapse in an animal, symptoms, diagnostic methods, treatment and care. And here is more about the symptoms and treatment of vaginitis in dogs.

your, milk

How to feed kittens, if mother’s milk is not enough or not at all?

Immediately after birth and for 3 to 4 weeks, breast milk is the main source of the babies’ existence. Lack of milk (agalactia) threatens newborns with starvation, and lack of secretion in the mother (hypogalactia). underdevelopment of the young. What to do if a cat does not have milk, every owner of a fluffy pet who has given birth to kittens should know. The life and health of the offspring depend on the timely detected signs of lack of nutrition and taking measures.

Causes of violation of lactation in a cat

Nature has taken care of the fact that after giving birth, the mother first appears colostrum, and then milk. The central nervous and endocrine systems of the body are responsible for these processes. Childbirth triggers the production of hormones that stimulate milk production (prolactin, oxytocin). Sucking of the young stimulates the synthesis and flow of secretions into the mother’s mammary gland. However, a well-oiled natural mechanism often fails, and the animal produces little or no milk.

There are many reasons why a cat does not have milk after giving birth:

  • Complications associated with lambing. Endometritis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus), pyometra (purulent inflammation of the uterus) are difficult for the animal, characterized by inflammatory processes, a febrile state. Against the background of these pathologies, milk production often stops. Agalactia can be caused by postpartum eclampsia, which develops as a result of calcium deficiency in the body.
  • A delay in the placenta can be a factor that inhibits the formation and flow of secretions into the mammary gland.
  • Mastitis (inflammation of the mammary gland) is one of the common causes of inadequate milk production in cats. The disease is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, painful syndrome.
  • Hormonal disruptions. Often the reason why a cat has lost milk is hormonal imbalance. This often occurs with early mating of an animal, with delay in labor.
  • Postpartum stress. Lamb for an animal, especially if the female is primiparous, is accompanied by psychological and physiological stress. Anxiety in the mother can cause a person’s increased attention to offspring, noise, bright light, proximity to other animals. Stress suppresses the production of hormones responsible for lactation.
  • Inadequate feeding. Low calorie and unbalanced diet is one of the common reasons why a cat is low on milk. The diet of a nursing mother should correspond to her physiological state, be high in calories.
  • Congenital malformations can also cause agalactia and hypogalactia in cats.

We recommend reading the article on how much a cat feeds kittens with milk. From it you will learn what to do if there is not enough milk and how to feed the kittens yourself.

How To Help Increase and Boost Your Nursing Lactating Dogs Milk Supply

Signs of underfeeding kittens

It is very important to timely detect that newborn kittens are not eating enough to prevent mortality and morbidity among the offspring. How do you know if a cat has no milk? This will help the following signs that you need to pay attention to:

  • When you press on the nipple, a drop of milk should appear. This manipulation must be done at the time of feeding, since the cat’s milk is not constantly in the mammary glands, but when the nipples are stimulated by the kittens. And if a drop of milk does not appear at this moment, you should take a closer look at the behavior of the kittens.
  • Hungry babies are restless, looking for nipples, squeaking, after feeding they do not sleep. Hungry or undernourished kittens crawl in search of a food source. Well-fed cubs fall asleep almost immediately after the next milk intake, sometimes right at the mother’s nipple.
  • Some cats, in the absence of milk, are reluctant to be near the kittens, abandoning them. Other animals with agalactia continue to “feed” their offspring, take care of it, warm it up, lick it. In this case, the behavior of the kittens will be an indicator of underfeeding.
  • reliable information that a cat does not have enough milk can be obtained by regularly weighing babies. During a day, with normal food supply, the calf gains at least 10 grams in weight. If within a few days the increase is less than this or is completely absent, this is a formidable symptom that the kitten is starving and his life is in danger.
your, milk

What should the owner do if the dog has little or no milk?

After the completion of the long-awaited birth, the pet’s pet has a lot of worries about caring for the new mother and her offspring before the owner. For a number of reasons, the female can not always provide a sufficient amount of milk for the puppies that are born. In this case, the owner needs to take measures to activate lactation in the dog and take over the feeding of the babies.

How to tell if your dog is low on milk

In the first hours and days after childbirth, mammals begin to produce colostrum in the mammary glands. The secret is a highly nutritious milk with increased immunoglobulins, vitamins, proteins and complete amino acids. Colostrum is a natural immune defense of newborns from pathogenic microbes and viruses, protects the baby’s body from infections in the first days and even months after childbirth.

Approximately 3-4 days after the birth of the offspring, the secretion of the mammary glands becomes similar to cow’s milk. In terms of its composition, it contains about 2 times more fat than whole cow. For newborns, it is the source of all nutrients and is well absorbed by puppies.

Lack (agalactia) or insufficient milk supply (hypogalactia) in a domestic dog is not difficult to recognize. As a rule, the behavior of the offspring indicates the problem. Well-fed newborns are not fussy, but calm, they sleep almost all the time, huddle around the warm belly of their mother. Hungry puppies become active, crawl around the nest in search of food, squeak a lot.

The owner can also suspect hypogalactia in a dog due to thinness, lack of weight gain in the offspring with regular monitoring of the increase in live weight of newborns.

The problem with the lack of milk secretion is indicated not only by the behavior of the puppies, but also by the mother herself. The dog can leave the nest for a long time, when trying to suck it runs away from the babies, sometimes even shows aggression towards them. This behavior is associated with soreness when puppies suck on empty mammary glands.

The owner can make sure that the dog does not have milk by himself by pressing on the milk nipples. Their examination reveals cracks, coarsening. A change in secretion (watery or mucous discharge, wrong color) may indicate that the animal has mastitis.

READ  The dog does not want to eat what to do

We recommend reading about uterine prolapse in a dog. You will learn about the causes of uterine prolapse in an animal, symptoms, diagnostic methods, treatment and care.

And here is more about the symptoms and treatment of vaginitis in dogs.

Causes of lactation problems

According to veterinary experts, the following reasons can cause agalactia or insufficient production of milk secretion in an animal:

  • The animal has its first birth. Lack of milk in a primiparous female is a fairly common phenomenon associated with a delayed production of hormones that stimulate milk flow. The stress dogs experience when first encountering unusual sensations in their bodies also delays the normal production of secretions from the mammary glands.
  • Complicated labor. Difficult childbirth, significant blood loss, the use of antispasmodic drugs are factors that provoke agalactia and insufficient milk production. The cause of impaired secretion can be a cesarean section performed on the animal.
  • The reason for the lack of milk in a new mother is often diseases of the genital organs (endometritis, vaginitis, inflammation or ovarian cyst, etc.). Under the influence of inflammatory and hormonal factors in the dog’s body, the processes of milk production and separation are disrupted.
  • Disturbances in the feeding system of a pregnant female. Inadequate diet, poor quality of feed, lack of vitamin A, E, ascorbic acid in the diet negatively affect milk production in the giving birth female.
  • Unsatisfactory living conditions of the animal. The lactation process can be significantly slowed down if the dog is kept in a cold, damp, unheated room.

Veterinarians note that agalactia or insufficient milk production is often caused by certain medications used to treat a dog during pregnancy.

How to feed puppies if lactation has not been established

A substitute for a bitch product, for example from Royal Canine, is, as a rule, a set of dry mix, a bottle with a graduated mark, a measuring spoon for the correct dosage and several teats of different sizes.

In the absence of a special mixture for newborn puppies, you can feed the babies with boiled cow’s milk. For half a liter of whole product, add one chicken yolk and 100 ml of cream. Many dog ​​breeders successfully feed their newborns with goat milk. You can also add one beaten chicken yolk to it. When feeding puppies with natural milk, boil it and carefully monitor the work of the intestines of the babies.

Ready-made formula for children is suitable for artificial feeding. Given the fact that bitch milk is fatty, infant formula must be diluted not in water, but in boiled cow product.

The cooked substitute should be fed warm. The frequency of feeding depends on the age of the babies. In the first 7 days of life, puppies should receive another portion of food every 2 hours. When babies are 2 weeks old, they are fed 10 times, at the age of three weeks. 8 times a day.

When using a ready-made specialized mixture, the instructions give detailed feeding schemes for various animal breeds (frequency rate, serving volume). If whole cow or goat milk, infant formula is used for artificial feeding, then the owner needs to control the weight gain of young animals using special tables for a particular breed.

We recommend reading about why the dog does not eat. You will learn how to normalize your pet’s appetite, why the dog does not eat after childbirth, refuses dry food, meat, and more.

And here is more about optimal dog nutrition.

The strength of lactation in a dog after giving birth depends on a number of reasons. In some cases, the owner manages to quickly establish the milk flow process by including special additives in the diet or using medications on the recommendation of a veterinarian. However, a responsible dog breeder should be prepared to artificially feed newborns with special formula or whole milk.

What to do to get more milk from a lactating dog

Faced with the problem of insufficient milk production in a given birth pet, the owner should take the following measures to restore it:

  • Stimulate milk flow through the development of the mammary glands. The last pair of nipples is the most productive. If the litter is large, then the healthiest and tallest puppies should be placed near the first teats so that they develop and thereby increase milk flow. The owner can also regularly massage the dog’s mammary glands on their own.
  • You can increase the production of secretions by including certain foods in the animal’s diet. First of all, the dog should be fed liquid food. It is necessary to increase the amount of liquid consumed by the pet. water, milk. To stimulate milk production, experienced breeders drink cow’s milk with honey for a newly-baked mother.
  • Walnuts have a milk-producing effect. They should be given one at a time, three times a day. The dog’s diet should contain dairy products. cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, natural yogurt. According to experienced dog breeders, the use of biogenic stimulants, such as Apilak, gives a good effect.
  • On the recommendation of a veterinarian, hormones may be prescribed to the animal. To activate the process of milk flow in obstetric practice, Oxytocin is most often used. The hormonal substance stimulates the formation of milk in the mammary glands of the dog, relieves soreness when sucking puppies.

In some cases, the inclusion of calcium supplements in the diet helps to activate milk flow. The mineral is lost by the mother during pregnancy and often leads not only to postpartum eclampsia, but also affects milk production after the birth of the offspring.

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For artificial feeding of puppies and kittens, see this

What to do if your dog has no milk after giving birth

Bitches, like mammals, produce enough milk after giving birth to feed all their droppings without any help. But sometimes there may not be enough milk. What to do then? We will tell you everything in detail.

When a bitch has milk but it won’t come out

If a bitch’s breast seems hard and swollen but milk does not come out, we may suspect that she is producing milk but it does not come out. We can notice this when we see the puppies are restless and whine as they are hungry.

Breastfeeding is stimulus-based. This means that sucking the puppies activates the milk production and release mechanism. Therefore, while the puppies are breastfeeding, milk will always be and will come out of it under normal conditions. If the dog does not have an infection known as mastitis.

Any circumstance that prevents puppies from breastfeeding will affect milk production.

In addition, some characteristics of bitches can also impede their flow. For example, mothers who are very nervous, stressed, or fearful can affect breastfeeding in different ways:

  • Preventing baby feeding: A restless mother who does not stay long enough in the nest will prevent her cubs from sucking effectively.
  • Blocked milk flow: The release of milk to the outside is mediated by the hormone oxytocin. In situations of stress, nervousness, or fear, other hormones are released that interfere with the action of oxytocin. So no milk comes out.
  • In addition, a physical nipple problem such as deformed nipples will also affect lactation as it prevents the puppies from sucking normally.

HOW TO GET YOUR DOG TO PRODUCE MILK ; MOTHER DOG NOT WANTING TO CARE FOR HER PUPPIES ; HOME CARE

If we suspect that the puppies are not receiving milk, we should contact the veterinarian. He will assess the situation and, if necessary, can prescribe medication. For our part, we must make sure that the puppies stimulate their breasts for as long as possible in order to establish good performance as soon as possible.

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When the bitch is not producing milk or not enough milk

These cases refer to real agalactia. If in the last weeks of pregnancy the bitch did not have a breast, perhaps we are faced with this pathology. It may have a genetic basis and, unlike the previous situation, cannot be treated. The babies of these mothers will need artificial feeding.

The situation is different in a small percentage of cases among mothers with very large litters. These bitches do produce milk, but not enough for all puppies.

This is usually due to insufficient maternal feeding, especially for 2–3 weeks after delivery. During this period, the bitch will need more calories, because it coincides with the period of the most intense lactation. Therefore, it is important that we take care of their nutrition throughout the entire maternal period.

Lactation in bitches

A bitch’s gestation lasts about 62 days. During this period, we will be able to notice how the belly and chest increase in size. This is due to the growth of the puppies and preparation for lactation. It is even possible that we see milk coming out of the breast.

Puppies are usually born in a sac of amniotic fluid. It is the mother who tears her with her teeth, cuts the umbilical cord and swallows the remains of the birth. She also licks her little ones to clear them of nasal and mouth discharge. After this nursing, the puppy begins to suckle the first breast milk, known as colostrum.

In addition to food, milk contains defenses that the mother passes on to her puppies, thereby improving their immune system. At first, the puppies will breastfeed every few hours. As you grow, the frames become more spaced. At about six weeks of age, they begin tasting solid foods until they are completely weaned.

But this breastfeeding is not always so easy. Sometimes, due to various circumstances, milk may not be enough. In these cases, we must act quickly, go to the vet and, if necessary, add special artificial milk for dogs to the puppies, as, being vulnerable, several hours without food can be fatal.

Lack of milk is called agalactia. This disorder may be due to the fact that there is milk, but it cannot come out. In other cases, the dog does not directly produce milk. Agalactia occurs in a small percentage of mothers.

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Complementary food for puppies

In cases where the veterinarian deems it necessary, we will have to feed the puppies, or at least milk the milk they receive from their mother, and it is very important that they continue to drink even if it is not enough, because this will provide protection. Giving them a bottle doesn’t mean separating them from their mother.

There are milk preparations for puppies of different brands on sale. They are sold in powder form, to which we have to add hot water, shake and serve in the supplied bottle. This is cow’s milk, modified to meet the nutritional needs of puppies. We should never give them cow’s milk, milk from other mammals, or vegetable drinks.

It is important that we check the temperature of the bottle before offering it. over, we must give it to them in the same position in which they will breastfeed from their mother. If possible, we will feed them without separating from it. This keeps them warm and their movements stimulate milk production.

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