home Dogs What to do if your dog is stressed

What to do if your dog is stressed

Symptoms

In a dog, the symptoms of stress are as varied as the causes of stress. Sometimes even an experienced owner will not be able to guess that the animal is oppressed by something. Let’s figure out what and how stress manifests itself in four-legged friends.

Experts divide stress into two types, which are determined by the duration of the impact of traumatic factors on the pet:

  • short-term caused by those reasons that act on the dog sporadically, for example, a visit to a veterinary clinic;
  • chronic stress occurs when harmful effects occur over a long period of time. A long business trip of the owner, loud repairs in the apartment, the appearance of a new pet. all this can lead to chronic forms of the disease.

Short-term stress practically does not manifest itself in any way in the behavior of the dog, although it all depends on its intensity. In most cases, the signs are limited to changes in mood, so the pet can be overly active, trying to discharge itself through physical activity, or vice versa. too lethargic and drowsy. If the disorder is caused by a trip to the doctor, then for a couple of days the dog may be distrustful of the owner, trying to avoid him.

The consequences of stress affecting a pet for a long time are more serious. These include persistent loss of appetite, erratic movement around the house, whining and howling, spoilage of objects, and bowel movements in the area, although the dog may be trained to do this while walking. It is important to understand that the dog just wants to attract attention. You don’t need to overreact to something like that.

It is very rare, but it happens that the dog becomes aggressive and dangerous even for the owner. This largely depends on her temperament, as well as on how much she is brought up. Zoopsychologists note that there are dogs that would rather bite themselves than the owner. But it’s not worth the risk. Statistics show that, to a greater extent, four-legged friends react to stress with complete apathy and indifference. But do not think that one of the signs is better than the other, both are bad enough for the pet.

  • unreasonable cutting of circles around the house or apartment, chaotic movement, the dog does not obey the owner’s commands;
  • the dog can screech, whine or bark hysterically, very rarely. howl;
  • the pet begins to gnaw everything that catches his eye: pieces of furniture, house plants, curtains, children’s toys;
  • painful appetite, the dog cannot get enough;
  • the dog may try to dig a hole despite being at home.

stressed

  • complete lack of sleep;
  • profuse salivation;
  • shallow trembling, desire to hide in a secluded place;
  • loss of appetite, the animal does not even eat favorite treats.

In addition to the above, the symptoms of stress may appear less noticeable in the dog, making it difficult for the owner to identify it, namely:

  • Dermatological ailments. The animal develops profuse dandruff and redness on the skin.
  • The dog begins to smell not very pleasant, even if the owner closely monitors its hygiene.
  • Heavy breathing and yawning can also be symptoms of stress.
  • The dog can bite the leash, and while walking, “seize” stress with grass or look for inedible items that will gnaw.
  • Intense whole-body shaking or frequent bowel movements.
  • Loss and tarnishing of coat color. The consequences of a stressful situation can be expressed through physiological disorders or a general decrease in immunity.

Causes of the disease

Stress disorder can arise in an animal from many different factors. Let’s consider them in more detail:

  • Individuals of small breeds are especially vulnerable to stress. This is due to the fact that a small pet often feels unprotected in front of larger relatives.
  • Loud noises, such as thunder, firecrackers, or fireworks, are common causes of stress disorder. The animal can huddle under the bed, in a panic look for a secluded place where it can relieve itself of the anxiety caused by the thunderstorms. At the same time, uncontrollable tremors will run throughout the body, salivation increases, the dog may poorly control its bladder.
  • Strangers coming into the house, stranger dogs, new family members are always a traumatic factor for a pet, especially if he is not sufficiently socialized.
  • Stress can also be caused by objects that the pet associates with something unpleasant, for example, a leash or a broom with which the owner once hit him. In the hands of the owner, they will scare the dog, and if he finds them when he is alone at home, he will definitely try to destroy.
  • An adult animal should sleep at least 15-16 hours a day, if there is less sleep for some reason, then this is also a reason for stress.
  • Therapeutic manipulations very often become the reason that the hairy friend begins to suffer from apathy.
  • Loneliness, boredom, and the loss of a loved one are the most powerful causes of various mental disorders.
  • A sharp change in habits, diet, attempts to train an already formed dog can lead to aggressive behavior and anger.

As you can see from the previous list, a lot of the causes of stress lie in a sharp change in the usual environment of the animal. Zoological psychologists explain this by the fact that dogs are rather conservative animals that react poorly to changes, especially in old age. At the same time, their vulnerability to stress factors is also due to general emotionality, which makes the body’s response almost uncontrollable.

Dog stress symptoms and treatments

Pets are sometimes too sensitive to environmental influences. Too loud sound, smell, unwanted presence of another animal or long absence of the owner. all this can cause stress in the dog. Prolonged exposure to stress factors can provoke the development of serious diseases in a furry pet, and also make a kind and affectionate dog an evil animal capable of biting its owner.

Veterinarians claim that four-legged friends react to stressful situations with so-called “conciliatory signals” that allow the tension that has arisen in the body to be realized either through aggression and anxiety, or by complete apathy towards everything that happens around. The article will provide comprehensive information on what causes stress, how its symptoms manifest, and how to reduce the impact of stress on your beloved pet.

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Stress Relief Options

As mentioned above, a huge number of factors can cause stress in an animal. If the shock is too long and intense, then the further development of the phobia is quite possible. The dog will avoid situations that traumatize his psyche, which will create a lot of problems for his owner. Let’s try to figure out how to relieve stress from a pet and what to do in those moments when the dog is experiencing great anxiety.

Animal psychologists have identified a number of situations that most often provoke a stress response in a furry friend. Let’s consider them in more detail to save your pet from unnecessary excitement:

  • A haircut often becomes a whole epic, both for the specialist and for the owner of the dog. The animal may be afraid of a car buzzing or growl when a stranger approaches with scissors in hand. To get rid of this will help light infusions of herbs, which have a mild sedative effect on the dog.
  • Car rides can be stressful too. Never force the dog into the car. It is better to do this gradually, open the door and gently invite the dog to go inside, or sit in the back seat yourself, showing by your example that nothing threatens the pet. Use positive reinforcement of good behavior in the form of treats and praise. All of these will help relieve the stress of the dog from driving.
  • Visit to the veterinary clinic. Visits to the doctor are always complicated by the fact that medical procedures are often unpleasant. This teaches the dog to be afraid of the vet. The only effective solution for the owner is to be calm, patient, pretend that nothing special is happening. If the animal is impressionable, then try to choose a doctor who will treat him gently, without undue use of force. A good solution would be to carry out the very first procedures for the animal at home.

As for the effects of long-term effects of stress, they can be treated using the following procedures:

  • Work therapy. Such treatment includes a planned increase in physical activity for the pet. Long walks in the woods, jogging together, sports. all this will help to cheer up the dog, will stimulate its interest in the world. Be sure to accompany loads with caresses and prizes in the form of the animal’s favorite treats.
  • The effect of novelty. Buy your pet a new toy, indulge it with something unusual in terms of food, introduce it to a peaceful relative, and this will relieve it of any manifestations of stress for a long time.
  • Sedatives. They should be used in the most extreme cases and after consulting a doctor, and preference should be given to the easiest and most harmless ones. Use sedatives if the dog has already reacted too strongly to something, or before it gets into a traumatic situation, for example, before going out in a crowded area. Remember, medications and drops will not relieve the animal of the cause of stress, but will only slightly reduce their effect.

Finally, I would like to say that dog owners should not ignore the possibility of stress. This is not a far-fetched whim, but a very serious problem that can lead to serious consequences. Treat your pet with love and attention and he will respond in kind.

How to deal with an irritant?

The treatment of a nervous disorder is selected individually. It is important to build on the pet’s reaction. For some, one method of exposure is enough, while for others only complex therapy helps.

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Start with positive emotions. Arrange pleasant meetings and new acquaintances. Treat your pet with unusual delicacies and delight with a variety of toys. Shifting from an oppressive problem is great for a protracted crisis.

Refer to occupational therapy. Playing sports, learning new teams and walking with games is another way to cope with a crisis. Reward the initiative with praise or goodies.

In some cases, you cannot do without the help of a veterinarian. He will tell you what to do if the dog is stressed and there is no time left for a long struggle. Sedatives can help cope with the anxiety associated with a fast trip or going for a check-up. They calm the animal by relieving the main symptoms.

Unfortunately, drops and tablets are only a temporary solution. The sedative is prohibited during pregnancy and young age, and its prolonged use negatively affects health.

Reasons for the appearance of nervous tension

Most animals are afraid of New Year’s fireworks, thunderstorms and crowded places. Anxiety in these cases is short-lived, and the impact on mental and physical health is minimal. It is enough for the owner to install a soundproofing system and walk the pet in quieter places.

Other possible irritants include:

Car ride. To solve the problem, it is necessary to confirm that the essence of the problem is in the machine, and not in the final goal. If anxiety manifests itself due to a trip to the veterinarian. follow the instructions for item number 5.

Grooming. Often, short-term stress in a dog occurs after a haircut. If the pet is not accustomed to the procedure from a puppy’s age, then he will be afraid of cars, not only in the salon, but also at home.

Change of owner. Regardless of the reasons, the loss of a beloved owner is very difficult for animals. Loyal breeds (Sheepdog, Akita, Labrador) become severely depressed.

Moving. Any drastic changes that occur during the move cause stress in the dog. Animals are frightened by new smells, loud sounds and unfamiliar neighbors.

Visit to the veterinary clinic. The dog feels the fear of other four-legged patients, so panic arises even before the manipulation in the doctor’s office begins. Finally, trust in a place that smells of drugs is undermined after an injection or an even more unpleasant procedure.

It is important to separate the listed reasons from real phobias. If your pet reacts nervously to completely ordinary things, contact a zoopsychologist. He will explain how to relieve a dog’s stress caused by a change of leash, going out into the countryside or other harmless situations.

Stress in dogs in different situations: how to recognize and correct a nervous disorder

Stress in dogs occurs when they are unable to adapt to a particular stimulus. This state is accompanied by fear, sadness, lethargy, or other negative emotions. Prolonged nervous tension worsens overall health and reduces immunity. Because of this, the susceptibility to infections increases, and chronic diseases are exacerbated. It is possible to normalize the condition of the pet and prevent more serious consequences by eliminating the stress factor or establishing the adaptation process.

Symptoms and signs of a nervous disorder

Before you figure out how stress manifests itself in a dog, you need to get acquainted with its varieties. According to the duration and frequency of exposure to an irritating factor, it can be:

Short-term. After stress, the dog refuses any treats and games. The situation will return to normal on its own after a few hours or a day.

Chronic. It occurs against the background of frequent collisions with an irritant or prolonged exposure to adverse conditions. Over time, the dog’s signs of stress become more intense. She cannot cope without the help of the owner.

Most often, increased tension is expressed by excitement, apathy, or an alternation of these conditions.

The symptoms of stress in a dog are individual and manifest in the following actions:

jumping and cutting circles around the apartment, accompanied by unexpected barking or squealing;

thorough and long licking of the paws or the base of the tail until bald patches form;

prolonged lying awake in one position or nervous shifting from side to side;

refusal of commands or reluctant execution of them;

greedy absorption of food and inedible items;

obsession in an attempt to attract the attention of the owner or, on the contrary, avoidance of any contact with a person;

fanatical digging of the earth or floor without reaction to the owner’s comments;

rapid body biting, reminiscent of catching fleas or gnawing fur;

taking a track and looping with the nose sticking to the floor;

drooling and shaking all over the body.

Stresses in a puppy and an adult animal differ little from each other. Trying to attract the attention of the owner, obedient pets defecate in the wrong places or spoil things. If this behavior is not typical of your pet, sound the alarm.

Sometimes, instead of apathy or irritation, aggression appears. Due to psycho-emotional instability, not only strangers, but also the owners fall under the distribution. Cases of redirected aggression occur after fights with another animal that quickly retreated from the battlefield.

Be sure to contact your veterinarian for any warning signs. He will help you find out the cause of the nervousness and tell you how to deal with it.

Detailed instructions for dealing with irritants

If the cause of the anxiety is clear, then eliminate or minimize it yourself. Use basic guidelines based on the annoyance factor:

Car ride. You can eliminate your fear of travel by doing the following:

Open the door and sit in the car with your back to the windshield. Extend your legs and body part outward. Call your pet up close and treat it with a treat. This will help to avoid the fear that occurs immediately after opening the doors.

Sit in the salon away from the open door and invite your pet to a nearby seat. Don’t put pressure on him. He has to jump into the seat on his own.

After successfully completing the second step, close the door and sit inside, playing with your dog’s favorite toys.

Drive a short distance. Stay in the cabin as a passenger during your trip. Arrange for a friend or acquaintance to drive.

Don’t try to show empathy. Caress, soft voice and stroking will be perceived as praise. Speak confidently and reassure your dog with a light paw shake or pat on the rump.

Build up your trip with positive emotions. Take your pet to a park or forest for a walk.

Grooming. The cardinal solution to the problem is to cut with scissors, since the noise of the clipper is usually the cause of the fright. If you don’t want to waste time on haircuts on your own, start accustoming your dog to a scary tool in familiar territory:

Place the car on your lap and call your pet by offering him a treat. Pin this action and move on to the next item.

Turn on the instrument and call the dog closer again. After fixing the positive reaction, drive the turned off machine over the face of the animal regularly for several minutes.

Try turning on the device and moving it with the back side. Get used to the vibrations. Don’t forget about treats.

Cut off a small section of the fur and hide the clipper immediately without getting scared. Gradually increase your haircut time.

Change of owner. Patience and love will fix the situation. Don’t show pity, but don’t be cruel either. Show that life is still going on. Take frequent walks, meet other animals, and delight with new toys. Don’t let your upbringing slack. After a few weeks or months, the dog will feel like a full member of the pack with a confident leader. After that, his condition returns to normal.

Moving. On the day of the move, it is better to leave the dog with friends. Save him from fuss and loud noises. Bring your pet’s bedding, toys, and other personal belongings with you. The more familiar smells in a new place, the easier it is to adapt to it. Animals often mark new territory, so don’t scream or raise your hand at the marks that appear. Express your dissatisfaction more calmly. Behavior stabilizes after a few days.

Visit to the veterinary clinic. If the clinic is not far from home, go there while walking. Buy treats at the checkout, but don’t go to the doctor’s office. Stay calm on a real visit. Empathy, pity, and empathy will not help, but will only reinforce the animal’s fears. Invite a therapist to your home for shallow and wound treatment or other harmless manipulation. On its own territory, the dog is more confident. If he trusts the doctor at home, he will be more calm at the next meeting already inside the clinic.

If the cause of the nervous breakdown lies in the appearance of a competitor, act by analogy with the loss of the owner. The appearance of a new pet or the birth of a child should not affect the attitude towards your beloved dog.

The fight against a nervous disorder is long and laborious, and a positive outcome directly depends on the actions of the owner. The more diligently you follow the basic recommendations, the faster your pet’s condition will stabilize.

The article is for informational purposes only. See your veterinarian!

Agitation or apathy

From stress, the animal can fall into a stupor and stop responding to any stimuli. This is an extreme degree of stress in which you need to see a doctor urgently. Usually, dogs become inactive, lose their appetite, do not want to play, and huddle in a corner. Sometimes they whine monotonously. Other animals become restless, make repetitive movements, run in circles, bark shrilly, may show incomprehensible aggression.

Eating grass

Both dogs and cats, walking on the street, periodically eat grass. Thus, some replenish the reserves of vitamins, others get rid of the wool swallowed during licking. However, experts believe that dogs have another reason. stressful situations. At the same time, some believe that a dog who has experienced negative emotions, eating grass, is simply trying to distract himself from stress and unpleasant thoughts. According to others, dogs thus console themselves by choosing sweet grass stems.

Shaking off for no reason

Animals, by shaking off, put their wool in order after sleeping, lying for a long time in one place, bathing. In the same way, they try to get rid of parasites adhering to the hair of dry foliage. When these completely understandable reasons are absent, and the animal, nevertheless, has a habit of shaking itself off often, this may be a kind of reaction to some stressful situations, when the dog is surprised, puzzled, and outraged. For example, a pet may react this way if instead of a favorite treat there is food in its bowl that it considers tasteless.

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Stress in dogs. What are the signs and how to help your pet?

Poor appetite or attempts to eat inedible objects, change in behavior (from apathy to unexpected aggression), deterioration in appearance (baldness, dull, hard-to-comb hair, drooling), unpredictability of actions, trembling, insomnia, diarrhea, frequent urination. All this can be signs of stress in the dog. There are many stressful situations in a dog’s life. It can be trips, moving to a new house, overexposure in a zoological hotel or with relatives of the owners, visiting a veterinary clinic and groomer, the appearance of a new pet or loneliness, noise in the apartment and on the street. You cannot neglect the dog’s discomfort signals, otherwise prolonged stress can seriously harm your pet.

Involuntary urination and diarrhea

The reason for the puddles left on the floor is not always the pet’s bad manners. Very often this is a manifestation of fear, especially in puppies. It’s all about physiology: due to the release of a significant amount of stress hormones into the bloodstream, the water-salt balance can be disrupted, which leads to involuntary urination. Stress hormones can also cause sudden onset diarrhea.

What to do if your dog is nervous

If your pet shows signs of stress, don’t panic. Should:

  • try to identify the cause of the stressful situation, get rid of the annoying factor (make the TV sound quieter, hide a terrible toy, leave the area where the dog that scared your pet is walking);
  • if it is impossible to eliminate the irritant (for example, the roar of holiday fireworks and firecrackers), you should distract the pet by treating him with a treat, find a place in the apartment where the rumble of fireworks or the sounds of thunder in a thunderstorm are not so audible, do not leave him alone in the house during this period;
  • give soothing drops.

Reconciliation signals

Typically, this is about yawning and licking. Thus, dogs, communicating with people, apologize for accidental misconduct, show sympathy, beg for treats. However, excessively active delivery of such signals may indicate a high level of stress. Cynologists believe that in this way the dog tries to calm itself down after experiences.

Signs of stress in a dog

We can talk about a short-term stressful situation, for example, when a pet has visited a crowded place, underwent unpleasant or painful medical procedures, etc. In this case, the main signs are refusal to eat, low activity, lethargy, the pet looks away and refuses to follow commands or does so reluctantly.

The chronic form of stress arises as a result of prolonged exposure to a stimulus or the presence of an animal in unusual conditions. This may be a change of residence, new owners, the appearance of another pet in the house, etc. Signs of this condition are more obvious.

The dog eats little, without hunting, most of the time lies or moves along the same trajectory. Often and furiously licks one part of the body, more often it turns out to be a paw or tail at the base, bald patches form in the places of licking.

The pet can show disobedience and harm. start shitting in the wrong places, gnaw on things and furniture. This is not a whim of an animal, but a way to attract attention, a kind of cry for help. Sometimes, when under stress, the dog may be overly aggressive.

Stress is accompanied by two states. excitement and apathy, which replace each other. The dog can run for some time, jump, bark loudly, for no reason, scratch the floors with its claws, eat on the ground, and without reacting to the owner. At the moment of apathy, the animal changes its behavior to the opposite. for a long time it can lie in one position without sleep, whine plaintively, tremble. Some pets try to hide from a person at this moment, others, on the contrary, huddle to their feet, put their head on their knees, ears and tail at this moment are pressed to the body.

There is no single standard for the clinical symptoms of stress in dogs; each animal experiences it differently. But the owner may notice that the pet began to behave differently, this is the main sign of stress. If you cannot determine what caused the reaction in the dog, it is better to consult a specialist on this issue.

Dog stress: symptoms, treatment, medications

Dogs are perhaps one of the most emotional pets. They always actively rejoice at the arrival of the owners, even if they are absent for five minutes, show delight before each walk, react violently to the arrival of strangers and in many situations show a storm of emotions. Most owners are attracted by these character traits in dogs. However, this medal also has a downside. the pet can worry, get upset, experience a serious emotional shock. How stress manifests itself in dogs and how you can deal with it?

Common situations that cause stress

Most of the stimuli are more or less clear. But often the dog reacts strangely to quite ordinary things. the sound of rain on the glass or roof, a trip to the forest, changing the leash, etc. If something that in ordinary life pleases the dog or does not cause any emotions for the pet excites, then, most likely, we are talking about a negative experience that provoked the development of fear. phobia. A zoopsychologist can help you sort out a similar problem.

But more often than not, stressful situations are more commonplace:

  • Stress after visiting a groomer or home haircut. In this case, you can teach your pet to the procedure, periodically turning on the machine, learn how to do a haircut yourself with scissors, or give your pet a sedative of plant origin before the procedure.
  • The dog experiences stress while riding in public transport. You can reward your pet before the event to create positive emotions associated with the trip. Carry for some time solely for entertainment purposes. to nature, a playground, to visit people whom the pet loves.
  • Deep shock after the change of owner. A difficult situation that requires a “sea” of patience and boundless love. In such a situation, you cannot show pity. It is best to act as if the dog got into the house from the street. A good attitude, a lot of walks, communication with other friendly dogs can bring an animal out of the blues and bring joy back to life. For some, the situation may last for several days, for others. months. But with an adequate approach, the pet will stop worrying, and life will return to its usual course.
  • The pet has experienced stress due to the move. Dogs are very upset when they are pulled out of their usual conditions. But still, joint relocation is better than an extension due to relocation. As in the previous case, attention, positive emotions will help you survive the changes. It is worth making sure that the usual things for the pet. toys, bedding, cups. are in the new place. Also, you should not introduce innovations during this period. put on new ammunition, change the routine, diet. At first, the pet can be confused and frightened, mark the territory, spoil things. But you cannot punish your pet, as this will only aggravate the situation. It will be enough for the dog if the owner expresses dissatisfaction with gestures and glances. If you walk a lot, play with an animal, encourage its activity, then its behavior will soon return to normal.
  • A visit to the veterinarian is a common stressful situation. Rarely does a dog calmly endure this event, most of them show various kinds of emotions. they do not want to enter the door, they begin to rush in the foyer, they can bark loudly and break off the leash. It should be borne in mind that dogs have heightened all senses, and from any hospital, including a veterinary one, there is fear and pain. In this situation, it is important for the owner to show absolute calmness and behave as if nothing had happened. The dog will perceive pity, lamentation, empathy as a direct confirmation of all fears. In most cases, treatment is fraught with unpleasant moments, so it is important to choose a veterinarian with experience and high responsibility. Such a specialist will not rush and use force in order to finish the procedure as soon as possible and accept the next patients. He will show tact and try to establish contact with the animal. Having gained confidence, the doctor can easily carry out all the manipulations without causing additional stress to the pet. If possible, it is better to start introducing the dog to the doctor at home by making a home call. Subsequently, the animal, even in the clinic, will perceive the veterinarian as an old acquaintance.

Treating dog stress

Any dog ​​owner will confirm that their pet is not only an animal governed by instincts, but also a family member capable of showing various feelings, emotions and even empathy. Naturally, possessing such qualities, it is not surprising that pets often suffer from stress. The dog can react to anything. to objects, actions, smells, noises, etc.

It is in the power of the owner to help the dog cope with this difficult situation. There are two options here:

  • remove the irritant that causes the pet’s reaction (it is not always possible to do this);
  • help the animal adapt to the existing stimulus, and teach it to coexist with it.

Since stress is, first of all, a physical condition, it negatively affects many systems of the body. During this period, the pet’s immunity significantly decreases, the thymus gland decreases and the adrenal cortex increases. In the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, capillaries burst and mucous membranes are damaged. The consequences of stress are a deterioration in the general condition, a decrease in the body’s defense reactions to various kinds of infections, an exacerbation of chronic ailments.

How to treat chronic stress in your dog

There are three main methods for relieving stress from your pet. You can apply all of them, and looking at the pet’s reaction, give preference to the most effective one. The dog’s reaction will let you know which works best:

  • Occupational therapy. Increased physical activity. long walks, sports, training, active jogging, all this can bring the animal out of a protracted crisis. Actions should take place exclusively with the approval of the pet, accompanied by communication and mandatory encouragement.
  • Adding novelty. Any positive emotions. new friends, toys, goodies, will affect the state of the pet, evoke a response and help to distract. The dog will gradually begin to forget about worries.
  • Taking drugs with a mild sedative effect. Some situations do not allow for long-term therapy, when you need to calm the animal here and now. An urgent trip is ahead, the conclusion is “in the people”, the New Year’s fireworks are about to begin, or the injury requires an urgent visit to the veterinary clinic. Situations are different and it is important to timely help the dog to cope with the upcoming excitement. Before using the funds, it is better to consult a veterinarian and in no case give a sedative from your own first-aid kit, since some substances can have the opposite effect.
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Doctors warn that pills or drops will not solve the problem, but will only delay it, so long-term therapy will still be required. The main thing is to love your pet, then any stress will pass quickly and not noticeably.

Signs of stress

Scientists have identified a number of signs that indicate stress in a dog. Symptoms can be expressed in different ways, the reaction is very individual and depends on the characteristics of the pet:

Nervousness. The dog fusses, is nervous, cannot calm down;

Anxiety. The actions of the dog are repeated: it cannot sit still, walks from corner to corner, cannot relax even in its place;

Excessive barking, hyperactivity. Sudden attacks of barking, as well as overly active behavior of the pet may indicate an increase in the level of stress hormones in his body.

10 Things Which Stress Out Dogs

Lethargy, apathy, refusal to eat. Depression, apathy and lethargy are common signs of animal health problems.

Combing, tugging, licking to bald spots.

Disorders of the excretory system. Uncontrolled urination and diarrhea, a change in the color of feces can indicate not only diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but also a stressful state of the body.

Increased salivation. It occurs quite often; although many breeds themselves are prone to increased salivation, this symptom should never be ignored.

Garbage collection. If the dog does not respond to the “Fu” command, tries to eat edible and inedible finds on the street, you should pay attention to its psychological state.

When a pet develops symptoms of stress, the first step is to establish the cause of its occurrence. But this is not always easy to do. For example, on a walk, your pet begins to behave anxiously around other dogs. Then the owner decides to limit this communication and brings the pet to an empty area. But even here he is unlikely to be able to completely relax: even the smells of other animals will stress the dog. In this case, treatment should begin with limiting trips to the site and gradual socialization of the pet.

What situations cause stress most often?

Public transport, car travel, air travel and other travel;

Celebration, noise, loud music, fireworks and thunderclaps;

Lack or overabundance of communication with the owner;

Jealousy, the appearance of other animals or children in the house;

Dog stress. What to do?

A stressful state can occur not only in humans, but also in animals. Our pets are social creatures, they can also experience nervous tension. The reasons can be different: for example, an unexpected noise, a rude or harsh tone of the owner, and even an overabundance of communication with him can provoke stress in a dog. The pet’s body can cope with minor disorders on its own. However, the constant shake-up leads to chronic stress, which can lead to more serious illness. How to relieve stress in a dog?

Numerous studies have proven that dogs are prone to frequent stressful situations. They are very sensitive to the world around them. The body’s response to external stimuli is called the signal of reconciliation. These signals include licking or, for example, yawning. Small disturbances do not cause significant harm to the body. But severe stress in a dog can not only provoke physical illness (for example, dermatitis), but also cause behavioral disorders of the pet.

What to do?

Eliminate the cause of stress.

Of course, this applies to those situations where possible. But, for example, moving to a new house, changing the owner or the appearance of a child in the family cannot be settled in this way.

Work through fear with your pet.

If the cause of the stress cannot be eliminated, it is necessary to work with the pet with this fear. For example, if your dog is afraid of driving, try to gradually train him to transport.

When moving to a new apartment, take with you a few things from the old house, including the dog’s things: toys and a house. A familiar scent will help your pet feel safe.

It is recommended to train your dog for grooming and bathing from childhood. If your pet is afraid of a typewriter, try scissoring to avoid stressful situations.

If your pet is under severe stress, you need to consult a dog handler or veterinarian. Do not delay visiting a specialist. An animal psychologist or dog handler can help you overcome a stressful situation. For example, fear of interacting with other animals or fear of being in public places can be overcome by socializing the pet.

Remember that in no case should you give your dog a sedative without consulting a specialist. Only a veterinarian will be able to prescribe treatment and prescribe appropriate medications.

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Causes

There are many factors contributing to emotional stress in dogs. The most common ones include:

  • Loud sounds (explosions of firecrackers, music, natural phenomena).
  • Change of residence and climatic conditions, travel by car, strangers in the apartment, new pets.
  • Objects that cause unpleasant associations (broom, mop, with the help of which the dog was punished, leash, etc.).
  • Lack of sleep. An adult animal must sleep at least 15 hours a day.
  • Healing procedures.
  • Visits to the veterinary clinic, examination by a veterinarian.
  • Loneliness and longing for a beloved master.
  • Nutrition correction, hard training, lifestyle changes.

On the basis of the studies carried out, zoopsychologists came to the conclusion that dogs are conservative animals that very badly perceive changes in their lives and get used to them for a long time.

The owner’s task is, if possible, to protect the pet from stressful situations and help him survive them, trying to take control of emotions.

How to deal with an irritant?

The treatment of a nervous disorder is selected individually. It is important to build on the pet’s reaction. For some, one method of exposure is enough, while for others only complex therapy helps.

Start with positive emotions. Arrange pleasant meetings and new acquaintances. Treat your pet with unusual delicacies and delight with a variety of toys. Shifting from an oppressive problem is great for a protracted crisis.

Refer to occupational therapy. Playing sports, learning new teams and walking with games is another way to cope with a crisis. Reward the initiative with praise or goodies.

In some cases, you cannot do without the help of a veterinarian. He will tell you what to do if the dog is stressed and there is no time left for a long struggle. Sedatives can help cope with the anxiety associated with a fast trip or going for a check-up. They calm the animal by relieving the main symptoms.

Unfortunately, drops and tablets are only a temporary solution. The sedative is prohibited during pregnancy and young age, and its prolonged use negatively affects health.

Increased salivation

This way of expressing emotions is typical for certain dog breeds. In this case, cases of increased salivation should not go unnoticed. Abundant saliva can be either a sign of joy or an indication that the animal is scared or that something or someone makes him feel extremely unhappy.

Shaking off for no reason

Animals, by shaking off, put their wool in order after sleeping, lying for a long time in one place, bathing. In the same way, they try to get rid of parasites adhering to the hair of dry foliage. When these completely understandable reasons are absent, and the animal, nevertheless, has a habit of shaking itself off often, this may be a kind of reaction to some stressful situations, when the dog is surprised, puzzled, and outraged. For example, a pet may react this way if instead of a favorite treat there is food in its bowl that it considers tasteless.

Reconciliation signals

Typically, this is about yawning and licking. Thus, dogs, communicating with people, apologize for accidental misconduct, show sympathy, beg for treats. However, excessively active delivery of such signals may indicate a high level of stress. Cynologists believe that in this way the dog tries to calm itself down after experiences.

The main symptoms

The symptoms of stress are varied, and each dog may have different symptoms. Veterinarians divide it into chronic (over a long period of time) and short-term (episodic), respectively, and the signs of pathology will differ.

Short-term stress is characterized by a change in mood. apathy, lethargy, drowsiness, or, conversely, aggressiveness. The dog can even avoid the owner for some time, hide, not wanting to communicate. This behavior usually lasts 1-2 days and returns to normal after the animal calms down.

Chronic stress is more serious. The dog refuses to eat, even from his favorite treats (or vice versa, suffers from a painful appetite), loses weight, moves chaotically around the house, trying to hide, whines, howls for no apparent reason.

Sometimes he spoils furniture, digs holes and defecates right in the apartment, being well aware that you need to go to the toilet while walking.

On a walk, the animal is interested in objects that previously left him indifferent.

With this atypical behavior, the dog tries to draw attention to its problems and asks for help. Profuse saliva, shallow trembling, lack of sleep are clear signs that a four-legged pet is under stress.

Physiological symptoms should also alert the owner:

  • skin rashes;
  • redness on the skin;
  • dandruff, hair loss;
  • the appearance of a bad smell;
  • frequent urination and bowel movements;
  • shortness of breath, yawning.

If a four-legged pet has a violent temperament, it may well bite a person. However, this already depends on education and training. In most cases, according to zoopsychologists, dogs still fall into apathy and indifference, which is no less harmful for the pet, for example, begins to gnaw grass, climb into the trash.

Involuntary urination and diarrhea

The reason for the puddles left on the floor is not always the pet’s bad manners. Very often this is a manifestation of fear, especially in puppies. It’s all about physiology: due to the release of a significant amount of stress hormones into the bloodstream, the water-salt balance can be disrupted, which leads to involuntary urination. Stress hormones can also cause sudden onset diarrhea.

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