Causes of vomiting in dogs
Of course, this phenomenon cannot be called pleasant, but it also has its positive aspects. Vomiting is, first of all, a protective mechanism of the body, with the help of which all poisonous, toxic substances, foreign objects come out of it. By cleansing, in this way, the body protects itself from negative effects.
Among the causes of gagging are the following:
- diseases of infectious origin;
- intoxication of the body due to the intake of poor-quality food (in this case, animals that can eat something from the trash can at home, on the street near trash cans or dug out of the ground most often suffer);
- foreign objects trapped in the digestive tract or stuck in the esophagus, pharynx (in this case, the pet can cough for a long time trying to get rid of the interfering object);
- ingestion of caustic, irritating substances, including from poisonous insects, into the respiratory tract;
- the presence of parasitic microorganisms in the dog, for example, worms;
- intestinal obstruction;
- excessive overeating;
- an allergic reaction of the body;
- overheating of the animal, which provokes heatstroke;
- dogs are very emotional animals, so stress can provoke intestinal spasms and, as a result, vomiting;
- CNS damage.
Signs preceding vomiting
The dog cannot tell about its state of health, therefore, only by external signs, the owner can find out that not everything is in order with his beloved pet. As you know, vomiting is preceded by nausea, and it can affect the behavior of the dog:
- the animal often licks its muzzle;
- refuses food, does not drink water;
- profuse salivation occurs;
- the dog shows anxiety, constantly moves erratically;
- the pet has a rumble in its stomach and a loud burp.
In addition, it is not uncommon for a pet to have a stool disorder before vomiting: both diarrhea and constipation.
Quite often, dog owners confuse two concepts. vomiting and regurgitation, if in the first situation the food comes out in the form of a digested slurry, then in the second it does not have time to go through the processing process.
How to deal with vomiting in a dog
Do all the owners know what to do, and even more so, what is better to avoid if the pet starts vomiting? Of course, first of all, there is no need to panic and assess the situation sensibly. Even if medical attention is needed, the host must abide by the following rules:
- A dog that vomits is not to be blamed. It makes no sense to scold a pet for what it cannot control. After all, this natural process, cleansing the body of harmful effects, is necessary for further successful treatment.
- Don’t try to stop vomiting.
- Only the owner can assess the situation and find out the reason for this phenomenon. Maybe the dog ate too much food, got poisoned, got heat stroke, etc the more accurate the data obtained by the veterinarian, the sooner an effective treatment will be determined.
- The owner of the dog must record the number of vomiting urges, their consistency, shade, contents, as well as accompanying symptoms. all this is valuable information for diagnosing the disease.
- When vomiting, the body requires maximum cleaning, so the first day you should not feed the pet. If on the second day the vomiting has passed, then liquid food without salt and spices can be introduced into the diet.
- The same applies to drinking. you will have to give it up for a day, and instead offer the dog to lick ice cubes. If vomiting has not recurred within two to three hours, then you can give the dog some low-fat chicken broth.
After the pet can be given food, it is worth taking care of its dietary nutrition. Turkey breast, chicken, fresh herbs are suitable for food. From cereals, it is better to give preference to brown rice, rolled oats. To feed the dog during this period is required in portions, in small quantities, up to six times a day. Food must be fresh and warm.
If the process of vomiting is over, then on the third day you can enter the pet’s usual food into the pet’s diet.
Pathological vomiting and its characteristic signs
Vomiting often signals a disease and in most cases has distinctive characteristics. The main symptoms of vomiting in dogs are:
- vomiting with blood can be a symptom of diabetes, oncology, ulcerative lesions or gastric bleeding, the blood is brightly scarlet or brown, it depends on the duration of the bleeding;
- vomiting a few hours after eating. often occurs against the background of cancer;
- vomiting with bile (yellow), excrement indicates intestinal obstruction, or worm infestation (in this case, the animal begins to eat grass at every convenient moment, after which vomiting occurs);
- if vomiting occurs repeatedly, is accompanied by diarrhea, a clear ammonia smell emanates from the mouth, then this is a sign of a disorder of renal function (renal failure) or uremia;
- repeated vomiting may be a sign of inflammation of the pancreas, gallbladder, hepatic colic;
- the dog vomits on an empty stomach or, as soon as it eats, it means, most likely, it has gastritis.
Vomiting in dogs
Vomiting in dogs is not uncommon, and there are many reasons for this reaction. You should not panic right away, since the gag reflex does not always indicate serious problems. What should you pay special attention to and how to behave if your dog is vomiting??
Vomiting with white foam
Often, dog owners are afraid of the appearance of vomit in the pet, containing white foam. Is there any reason for concern?
In fact, there is a physiological explanation for this phenomenon. If vomiting occurs some time after the dog has eaten, then it is during this period that food is pushed from the stomach further along the gastrointestinal tract. The stomach itself is empty and its walls, as a protection against erosion by gastric juice, are covered with a layer of mucus.
The composition of the mucous coating includes proteins and polysaccharides, which contribute to the formation of structurally cellular masses after swallowing air.
When a dog vomits white, foamy secretions, you should not worry too much, as this phenomenon confirms that the animal does not have any serious ailments. If this happens once, then no treatment is required. If this is repeated many times, then a trip to the veterinary clinic becomes mandatory.
Does the dog vomit white foam on an empty stomach? This means that we can talk about a violation of the functions of bile secretion, which normally should enter the large intestine after each meal. In this case, the liver secretes the necessary enzyme fluid during hunger, which irritates the intestinal walls. After this, there is a forced movement of bile into the stomach. Vomiting in the dog is mild, after which the pet is again ready to eat. This phenomenon is not considered a pathology, and normally it can be repeated once every 7 days.
But if the vomit is covered not with white, but with yellow foam, then this is a sign of a serious illness.
Diagnosis and treatment of vomiting in dogs
In a veterinary clinic, a diagnostic study is performed to treat vomiting in dogs if it does not stop and is accompanied by alarming symptoms. It includes the following procedures:
- general blood analysis;
- abdominal radiography;
- Ultrasound of the peritoneum.
Drug therapy is prescribed according to the clinical picture and consists in eliminating the accompanying signs:
- To eliminate gastrointestinal cramps, prescribe No-shpu (Drotaverin) or Papaverine.
- To eliminate nausea and normalize gastric contractions. Cerucal.
- With increased acidity of the gastric flora and elimination of irritation, the drug Omez is prescribed.
- If vomiting has led to the risk of dehydration, then two drugs are prescribed drip at once. Glucose and Ringer’s infusion solution.
- To remove toxic components from the pet’s body, absorbent agents are prescribed. Smecta, Enterosgel, Polysorb, activated carbon.
- Often, the homeopathic veterinary remedy Verokol is prescribed, used as first aid, until vomiting has completely stopped.
If a dog lives in the house, then you need to be prepared for the fact that she may get sick. And in some cases, first aid from the owner has a decisive effect on the success of the entire treatment. The same applies to vomiting, which can be both natural and pathogenic.
For therapeutic and restorative purposes, dogs are prescribed special dietary foods:
How To Care For A Vomiting Dog? 5 Things You Need To Do
- Hill’s Prescription Diet I / D Canine Gastrointestinal Health dry
- Flatazor Protect Obesite;
- Advance Veterinary Diets Gastroenteric Low Fat Canine Formula;
- Pro Plan Veterinary Diets Canine EN Gastrointestinal dry;
- Happy Dog VET Diet Renal;
- Farmina Vet Life Canine Gastrointestinal;
- Royal Canin Gastro Intestinal Low Fat.
They switch to regular food by gradually adding it to the dietary one. On the first feeding, the proportion should be 1: 1. Then, if vomiting has not recurred, you can mix 3/4 of the regular feed and 1/4 of the dietary one. If the dog tolerates food well, you can return to the normal diet after 3 days.
Causes of vomiting in dogs
The first thing to determine is how vomiting differs from regurgitation (regurgitation).
Regurgitation is a passive process of undigested food moving back from the esophagus. It occurs only once and should not frighten the owners of the dogs. Thus, the animal gets rid of excess food. The mass that the dog spits up is odorless and covered in mucus.
Vomiting is the process of emptying the stomach and upper intestines. The purpose of such emptying is to get rid of toxic substances, foreign objects, and poisons. Vomit has an unpleasant, pungent odor and can have a different structure.
The reasons for this phenomenon are varied. They can be divided into two large groups. The first includes those that do not require urgent veterinary intervention. The second. serious problems requiring immediate diagnosis and treatment.
An over-the-counter antiemetic drug approved by a veterinarian. The drug is based on the active substance metoclopramide. Available in ampoules and tablets. Recommended dosage: 0.5-07 mg per 10 kg of live weight 2-3 times a day. Treatment course: 5 to 7 days. Maximum daily dose: 1 to 2 mg per 10 kg of body weight.
The drug is prescribed for gastritis, gastrointestinal disorders, heartburn, impaired intestinal motility, pathological hiccups, head injuries, vomiting.
Contraindication. intestinal obstruction.
Green vomit in a dog
The green color of the vomit indicates that intestinal contents have entered the dog’s stomach. This happens if the dog has intestinal obstruction, severe helminthic invasion, or some kind of infectious disease. All these conditions are very serious, therefore they require an immediate visit to a specialist.
In the summertime, the green color of the mucus may indicate that the dog is eating grass. only such green vomit is safe.
According to the severity, vomiting is divided into:
- Self-passing. This type does not require treatment, it goes away on its own. Of the therapeutic measures, only diet may be required.
- Lightweight. There are no life-threatening symptoms, no serious complications. It is treated with antiemetic drugs, drinking plenty of fluids.
- Heavy. It has a protracted character, foreign inclusions (blood, bile) are present in the vomit, and is characterized by serious complications. Possible death.
Treating vomiting in a dog. What to do
A treatment plan is developed by a veterinarian after an accurate diagnosis has been made. It is not the vomiting itself that is treated, but the reason that caused it.
How to help your dog before visiting the vet
Until the diagnosis is established, the owner can help his pet by following these simple rules:
- Don’t panic, try to identify the nature of the nausea.
- Try to calm your dog down and never scold him for vomiting.
- No need to try to stop the process yourself.
- Try to determine the cause. this will help the doctor diagnose.
- Record the number of gagging urges, accompanying symptoms and the type of vomit.
- As soon as the dog vomits, stop feeding it.
- Let your dog lick ice cubes instead of water.
In the presence of concomitant symptoms (fever, diarrhea), a sharp deterioration in the pet’s condition and an alarming composition of vomit (blood, bile), immediately show the dog to the doctor.
Vomiting with bile
Yellow vomiting indicates that bile is present in the vomit. This situation develops against the background of dysfunction of the gallbladder or duodenum. Bile enters the stomach, irritating its walls, this causes an attack of vomiting.
- Hepatitis of an infectious or viral type. The dog’s health worsens, body temperature rises, appetite and activity decrease, and stool disorders appear.
- Chronic gastritis. It is accompanied by weight loss, the appearance of apathy, the development of anorexia.
- Helminthic invasion. Develops against the background of severe intoxication. Possible death.
- Pyroplasmosis. The disease develops after the bites of ixodid ticks, leading to the death of pets.
- Stomach ulcer. exacerbation stage.
- Benign and malignant tumors of the stomach.
Bile in vomit is a dangerous symptom. The dog needs urgent help from a veterinarian.
How to feed your dog
The first rule is that the dog is not given food for the first 12 hours after vomiting. Fasting therapy will allow the dog’s stomach to rest and recover, and the body to cleanse itself. At the same time, you need to offer the dog fresh water (preferably filtered). 2 teaspoons per 1 kg of body weight. In order to restore the salt balance in the body and prevent dehydration, Regidron is prescribed in the dosage indicated on the package.
In the future, for medicinal purposes and for prevention, a special diet is prescribed.
Vomiting and diarrhea.
If this process is accompanied by indigestion and liquid diarrhea, and at the same time weakness and an increase in the body temperature of the animal are also observed, then this indicates poisoning or infection with an infectious disease. Naturally, having noticed such a reaction of the dog’s body, it is important to immediately take the four-legged to the veterinary clinic. In the worst case, such a disorder can be fatal, in particular when it comes to a small puppy.
This type can be very dangerous, because the presence of liquid red blood in the masses may indicate that there is bleeding in the larynx, mouth or inside the esophagus. If the blood has a brown tint, then this may indicate that there are liver diseases, a cancerous tumor is developing, renal failure is observed, or one or even several sharp foreign bodies have entered the gastrointestinal tract. Also, vomiting of blood may be present if the dog has contracted an infectious disease, such as hepatitis or leptospirosis. Blood can also indicate poisoning with rat poison or heavy metals.
Cause of vomiting in dogs.
There are many such reasons, but the following are among the most common:
- Food poisoning or poisoning associated with the ingestion of certain medications or chemicals into the stomach;
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Infection with helminths;
- Infectious diseases, due to which intoxication is manifested;
- Foreign objects entering the stomach;
- Stressful situations;
- Allergic reactions;
- Heat or sunstroke.
Vomit can be without impurities, and maybe with impurities. Which of them should be paid special attention to, and what certain types may be associated with, we will figure it out further.
Vomiting with bile.
Yellow vomiting in a dog can indicate one of many diseases. It is not possible to independently diagnose what kind of violation occurred in the pet’s body, therefore, in this case, you must immediately contact the veterinarian. The most common reasons for the release of masses with yellow bile include the following: infectious liver diseases; infection of an animal with worms; chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract such as ulcers or gastritis; elementary overfeeding.
The most dangerous are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, since it is not possible to diagnose them immediately and treatment requires effort and time. To identify the presence of gastritis or ulcers, you need to pass tests and carry out other necessary procedures, and only after that the doctor will be able to prescribe treatment.
What are the types of vomiting?
Vomiting is often not considered a manifestation of any disease, but is just one of the symptoms of certain disorders. And in most cases, such urges are not dangerous for the pet’s life and do not represent a serious pathology. Among the most frequently observed species are the following:
- With white foam;
- Mixed with blood;
- With m yellow bile.
Treating vomiting in a dog.
First of all, it is important to understand how to provide first aid to your pet. Firstly, in no case should you scold him if a puddle is suddenly found on the floor of an apartment or house. This process is uncontrollable, so the animal is not to blame for anything. Further, it is necessary to understand that it is not worth trying to stop vomiting on your own, since such an unpleasant process is the cleansing of the body of toxins and poisons harmful to it. If a dog is wearing a collar and even more a muzzle during the urge, it is necessary to remove them immediately, as this will greatly facilitate the exit of the masses.
Further, it is important for the owners to concentrate and remember everything that the pet has been doing in the last few hours, preferably in detail. What he ate, what he drank, where he walked, whether he came into contact with other animals. All these small but significant details will help to quickly and reliably establish a diagnosis. It is also very important to pay attention to the following factors:
To help the dog with an unpleasant process, the following rules must be observed:
- Stop feeding completely, preferably a day or more. It is also desirable to exclude water, but in order to avoid dehydration, you can give your pet a little lick of ice or drink some water from a spoon. If such a peculiar diet is beneficial and the ailment has stopped, you can give a little soft food. Then follow the diet for 2-3 days, then you can gradually return to the usual diet.
- If it turned out that the cause of the malaise was a sharp change in the usual diet, then you just need to immediately return to it.
- If vomiting manifests itself after eating herbs, then nothing needs to be done. Many are unknowingly scared, but vomiting after eating grass is the norm. Animals often eat it themselves to clear their stomach.
- If all else fails and the ailment continues for several days, you must immediately contact the veterinary clinic.
In general, even with knowledge of various medications, you cannot independently prescribe treatment for your pet, this should only be done by a qualified doctor and only after examination. Depending on the reason that caused the vomiting, he can prescribe Smecta, Omez or No-shpu. The action of these and other drugs is different, therefore each is intended for different cases. And due to the fact that medicines are sold in human pharmacies, and they will be taken by animals, without proper knowledge and education, it is impossible to determine the necessary dosage on your own.
Dog vomiting. We provide assistance
Every dog owner who cares about its health and well-being, seeing a pet vomiting, will certainly worry. However, it is important to know that vomiting in a dog is a natural defense reaction of the body to irritating factors that irritate it. That is why if the appearance of vomiting is noticed in an animal, it is important to carefully examine its contents. If the attacks become regular, this is a serious enough reason to immediately consult a veterinarian.
Vomiting of white foam in a dog is especially frightening to the owners of the pet, but its presence in the vomit is quite normal. Such a phenomenon is to prepare that the stomach shows a protective reaction to the production of gastric juice. Actually, the process is as follows: food enters the stomach, provoking it to produce mucus. This happens so that hydrochloric acid does not damage the walls of the digestive organ. The release of such mucus is not dangerous, and it acquires the appearance of a white foam upon contact with air. If the urge manifests itself regularly, then the dog should be shown to the doctor, as this may be associated with problems and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Causes of vomiting in dogs
Vomiting can occur in dogs for a variety of reasons, some more serious than others. not. Food indiscriminateness is a common cause of vomiting in dogs (for example, eating garbage or food off the owner’s table). However, vomiting can also be caused by something more serious, such as the use of toxins, gastrointestinal obstruction, pancreatitis, and more.
Vomiting is one of the most common symptoms of the disease, with which dog owners come to the Constellation veterinary clinic. Vomiting can be accompanied by diarrhea, loss of appetite, and lethargy. It is important not only to understand what caused the vomiting in the dog, but also it is important to know what to do in this situation.
What to do if your dog starts to vomit
If the dog has vomited once or twice, then it is not necessary that something serious has happened. You don’t call the doctor every time Vaas has a stomach ache, do you? Of course not. However, it is important to pay attention to these symptoms because dogs cannot tell us how bad they are. In fact, dogs often hide their illnesses for as long as possible, creating a false feeling that the dog is healthy and sometimes animals end up in a veterinary clinic in an extremely serious condition.
- This is food?
- Bile (the dog vomited “yellow foam”)?
- The dog vomited “white foam”?
- By water?
- Is there blood?
- Are there toys, clothing, or other inedible material?
It is a good idea to keep any foreign objects you find in your vomit; your veterinarian may need to see them.
After the dog has vomited, it is recommended not to feed or water it for several hours, and at this time to observe the animal. If the dog is lethargic and lethargic after vomiting, vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea, or you observe other signs of illness, remember these facts.
Never give medication to your dog without first consulting your veterinarian.!
Vomiting in a dog: causes and what to do in this situation?
Does your dog feel sick? In dogs, vomiting is not always a symptom of a serious illness and / or a reason for an urgent visit to a veterinary clinic. However, vomiting. this is something you shouldn’t ignore. Learn about vomiting in dogs so you can help your pet feel better as soon as possible.
If you experience the following symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately:
- Repeated vomiting for several hours at a time.
- Your dog is showing extreme lethargy and lethargy.
- You suspect that your dog has been poisoned.
- Your dog is on medication that may cause vomiting (stop giving the medication and call the veterinarian who prescribes the medication).
- You suspect your dog has swallowed a foreign body, such as a toy or clothing.
- You see a lot of blood in the vomit (small blood spots are not an emergency, but if they persist, contact your veterinarian).
- Your dog’s belly is swollen (this could be a sign of a bloated stomach or other serious medical condition).
- Your dog’s belly seems sore.
- Your dog’s gums are pale, white, bluish, or gray in color.
- Your dog is having trouble breathing.
- If in doubt, just contact your veterinarian.!
If you are, you can contact the 24-hour veterinary center Constellation at VDNKh. The center employs professional veterinarians, diagnostics is carried out using modern equipment, severe patients are treated in a hospital
If your dog has vomited once and does not show any other signs of illness, you can probably resume your normal feeding regimen within 6-12 hours. Just watch to see if vomiting occurs again.
If your dog vomits again the next time he feeds, but does not vomit after a few hours, try offering your dog a small amount of water first. If after that the dog did not vomit. offer small amounts of soft foods. For a bland diet, boiling chicken or minced meat with plain white rice is usually a good idea. Remember to drain the broth. Don’t add salt or seasoning. Offer a couple tablespoons of this mixture. If your dog won’t eat, don’t force it. Please try again in a few hours. If your dog eats and does not feel sick within an hour of feeding, try giving a little more food. Repeat this feed the next day. If vomiting does not recur and your dog’s appetite is good, you can gradually start adding your dog’s regular food to the soft diet mix.
- If vomiting occurs several times during the day and continues the next day, we recommend contacting a veterinary clinic.
- If your dog does not eat for two days in a row, you should go to the veterinary clinic, even if the vomiting has stopped.
- In a number of diseases, vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea. Contact your veterinarian if diarrhea persists by the next day.
- Occasional vomiting (less than once a day) is also not considered normal. If you see your dog occasionally vomiting for more than a week or two, you should contact your veterinarian.
- IMPORTANT: If your dog vomits every time he eats or drinks, take him to the vet. Vomiting like this can be a sign of an obstruction in the gastrointestinal tract (caused, for example, by a foreign body) or a symptom of another serious medical condition.
Vomiting in a dog
Very often, the owners of a four-legged friend (dog) are faced with such an unpleasant process as vomiting. This can be a serious concern, but not so serious. But what if the dog is vomiting ?! Not everyone knows, so we will understand in detail the steps when you need to ring the bells and run to the veterinarian, what reasons may be vomiting in dogs, how to provide first aid?
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Causes of vomiting in dogs
- Very often, dog owners are faced with the fact that their pet examines the trash can and eats, “whatever” or this “whatever” finds on the street, under the windows of houses and not only (spoiled food, poison, household chemicals, etc.) ). This is one of the most common causes of vomiting in dogs. To avoid bad consequences, with such a bad habit, it is necessary to take up the education and training of the dog (command “fu”).
- Fast food intake.
- Improper diet (use of harmful products).
- Intolerance to certain food components.
- Difficult to digest food.
- A foreign body can cause vomiting if it gets into the stomach or if a foreign body gets stuck in the esophagus (bones, needles, chips, etc.).
- Bowel obstruction.
- Infectious diseases.
- Worms and parasites.
Dogs have the ability to heal themselves. Vomiting in a dog is a manifestation of a protective reaction of the body, it allows you to get rid of harmful food or a foreign body (bones, rope, chips, needles, etc.), poison, toxic substances, etc. Vomiting is a reflexive eruption of stomach contents. The main symptoms of vomiting in dogs are: nausea, drooling, anxiety, poor appetite, refusal to eat. The very manifestation of vomiting in dogs is not an independent disease, it is a symptom of many diseases.
- Vomiting blood (with gastrointestinal diseases).
- Vomiting with a nasty smell (ammonia smell. with liver failure, sweet smell. diabetes mellitus, rotting smell. a problem in the intestines or mouth).
- Vomiting with manifestation of diarrhea (diarrhea) and fever (often with infectious diseases).
- Vomiting and refusal to eat. often with poisoning.
- The dog eats grass, after vomiting appears. cleaning the stomach.
- Vomiting after eating (after 30-60 minutes or more). with gastrointestinal diseases.
For a person who first encounters a difficult situation. vomiting in dogs, it is difficult to independently determine the causes of its occurrence, and there are a lot of them, we strongly recommend not to self-medicate and experiment on your pet. everything can end very badly.
If a dog has vomited only once, after which it feels good, eats and drinks, there is no danger, the dog’s body coped with the problem on its own and from a medical point of view, there is no reason for concern. The cause of a single vomiting in a dog. it is a natural need for a dog to rid the stomach of what is there.
How To Treat Vomiting at Home? | Vomiting dog?
If you managed to identify the cause of vomiting: a sudden change of food (food), while walking the dog ate grass or picked up garbage, in this case, you need to return to the previous food (food), and the change of food must be carried out gradually, do not let your dog picking up or rummaging through litter on the street (take care of raising and training your dog). If the dog ate the grass, which caused vomiting, do not worry, the dog began to heal itself (cleansing the stomach).
If vomiting in a dog does not stop and manifests itself after a certain interval of time systematically (with bile, foam, white foam) and diarrhea (diarrhea) appears, do not follow any recommendations on this article, urgently seek help from a veterinarian.
Treating vomiting in dogs
To treat vomiting in a dog, you need to find out the cause of its occurrence in order to correctly diagnose. For treatment, the following drugs are used:
- Hungry diet;
- No-shpa or Papaverine. relieve pain in the abdomen (stomach and intestines), relieve spasms;
- Smecta. removes toxins;
- Omez. to reduce the level of acidity in the stomach;
- Cerucal or Metoclopramide. antiemetic drugs, soothe the vomiting center in the brain, normalize the contractions of the stomach and intestines.
- If the dog has frequent and excessive eruption from the mouth throughout the day, this leads to dehydration of the body, in this case, the dog must be hospitalized in a veterinary clinic and put on a dropper to replenish the loss of fluid.
- After the cessation of vomiting, it is necessary to “put” the dog on a sparing diet for several days (5.7 days), depending on the cause of the vomiting in the dog.
A gentle diet consists in a low calorie content in food: low-fat cottage cheese, boiled rice, boiled chicken and beef, in the early days, give food in very small portions and often, after that, gradually increase the portion and reduce the frequency of feeding. After a certain number of days, gradually switch to your regular diet. On the first day of the transition, observe the proportion of 50% to 50% (50% of regular food, 50% of dietary food), on the second day the proportion is 75% to 25% and on the third day, give regular food.
Dog vomiting of undigested food
If vomiting is not accompanied by diarrhea, dehydration, or a complete refusal to eat, there is no reason to panic. Most likely, your pet just chewed food poorly, overeat, or swallowed large chunks along with the air.
To prevent this from happening again, it is recommended:
- reduce portions of food (it is better to feed more often);
- if the dog begins to eat new food, it is better to transfer to it gradually, finely chop large pieces;
- temporarily exclude fatty and heavy foods from the diet so that she does not overeat, and does not suffer from a feeling of heaviness (in general, it is recommended to feed her with such food rarely, and even better.to teach her to homemade, for example, chicken, rice, cheese, etc. );
- monitor the water balance of the dog so that he does not have dehydration.
As well as. check the condition of the gums. They should not be too pale, bluish or purple. The gums of a healthy dog are moderately hydrated, with a characteristic gloss. Otherwise. it is necessary to take the dog for examination.
Is it possible to help yourself?
No, it is unlikely that it will be possible to provide help in this case The only correct actions would be:
- think about the reasons for vomiting (perhaps the dog ate something wrong, was poisoned, overheated in the sun, etc.);
- pay attention to the number of vomiting urges, their texture, color, etc. as well as the symptoms that were before;
- you should not feed the pet before the examination in order to avoid repeated vomiting;
- it is advisable to give water not in liquid form, but with ice cubes so that the dog licks them.
Another very important tip: do not scold your pet for bad behavior and vomiting on the mat, because he is already feeling bad, the right decision is to support.
All information about the condition of the dog before and during vomiting will help the veterinarian quickly determine what the problem is and make a diagnosis.
In order to understand that something is wrong with the pet, you need to look closely at him, since he himself cannot complain. We can track changes in his behavior. For example, before a dog starts to vomit, it is usually nauseous. Other symptoms include:
- regular licking of the muzzle;
- refusal to eat and drink;
- saliva is abundant;
- movements become chaotic;
- showing signs of anxiety;
- belching and rumbling in the stomach.
It is worth adding here problems with the gastrointestinal tract in the form of diarrhea or constipation.
Vomiting in a dog
Vomiting in a dog can be triggered by many reasons. Owners often encounter such a situation, but they do not need to panic, because this does not always indicate that the animal has problems. Let’s get acquainted with the causes, types and, accordingly, methods of treatment.
What to do if your pet starts to vomit?
The right decision, of course, will be a visit to the veterinarian in order to make the correct diagnosis and, if necessary, treat.
- If the cause is an infection, the dog will be treated with effective treatment according to protocols. Sometimes you cannot do without intensive therapy (with the use of antibacterial drugs, correction of electrolyte balance, pain relief, etc.).
- Vomiting as a result of inflammatory processes in the body should be accompanied by the intake of antiemetic, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, vitamin complexes and others. Such a need, duration of use, a specific type of drug and dosage are prescribed by a veterinarian.
- A case of intestinal obstruction is already more serious. Operation is likely to be needed here. In addition, measures must be taken clearly and quickly, otherwise you can bring the dog to rupture or intestinal trauma and intoxication.
In case of poisoning, the pet is prescribed a diet (there are specialized industrial veterinary feeds, but the veterinarian develops diets taking into account the individual needs of the dog, which is accustomed to feeding with natural feed) and a sufficient amount of water. Food should be fresh, never cold. It is better to feed the dog more often, but in small portions, so as not to cause overeating and heaviness. When you can return to your usual diet, you should not decide on your own, it is advisable to consult a specialist. It all depends on the severity of the poisoning. If necessary, the dog is given IVs and antidotes.
Dog vomiting white foam
This type of vomiting can scare any owner. But is everything really that dangerous?
Actually white. just mucus that covers the walls of the intestines so that the gastric juice does not “eat away” them. Therefore, when white vomit appears shortly after a meal, it is more physiology than a terrible danger. However, if the process is repeated constantly, you should contact your veterinarian.
White vomiting on an empty stomach is also a reason to think. Typically, such problems suffer from dogs with an incorrectly selected feeding regime, individuals with behavioral problems (picky in food, manipulation of the owner) and small breeds. However, this sign can indicate disturbances in the work of bile secretion and problems in the duodenum.
If the vomiting is not severe and does not happen all the time, there is no cause for concern. But when she has not white, but yellow color, this is already serious. You need to seek advice from a veterinarian, it is mandatory to undergo an examination.
What are the causes of occurrence?
Despite the fact that vomiting is considered a protective mechanism aimed at cleansing the body of toxic substances, toxins or foreign bodies, and in some cases is even a plus, it cannot be allowed to drift.
Causes of vomiting in a dog include:
- infectious diseases;
- intoxication of the body;
- the presence of foreign bodies in the esophagus, stuck food in the pharynx;
- inhalation of insects or corrosive substances;
- infestation by helminths or protozoa (giardia, cystoisospores, etc.).
- intestinal obstruction;
- overeating, accelerated eating with the swallowing of large amounts of air into the stomach;
- intolerance to certain foods;
- allergic reactions;
- stressful situations;
- damage to the central nervous system;
- poisoning (accompanied by diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and even hallucinations and convulsions). If you do not take action in time, the dog may fall into a coma.
serious causes leading to pathological vomiting include:
- diseases of the central nervous system (for example, the presence of neoplasms in the brain, encephalitis, etc.);
- problems with the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, duodenitis, neoplasms in the cranial gastrointestinal tract).
In this case, vomiting appears, as a rule, half an hour or an hour after eating.
In general, there is nothing wrong with that. In order to be diagnosed in a veterinary clinic, a dog:
- take a blood test;
- do an x-ray and ultrasound of the abdominal region.
- antiemetic drugs;
- sorbents (for example, presorb);
- veterinary probiotics;
- to eliminate the cause of irritation, antibacterial drugs and intravenous infusions may additionally be prescribed to eliminate dehydration (dehydration). This need, duration, dosage is determined by the in-house doctor according to the protocols.
It doesn’t matter if the dog is vomiting because of undigested food or for another reason. do not self-medicate. Otherwise, you can make it worse. Be sure to take the dog to the veterinary clinic, and if the situation is really bad and the dog’s vomiting continues, call a specialist at home. Yes, it may cost more, but pet health is priceless.
Veterinarian doctor. Specialization: therapy, ultrasound, reproductive medicine
Pain and cramping
No-shpa or Papaverine will help reduce pain and cramps. Omez will lower the acidity of the stomach with gastritis.
When the gagging was stopped, the dog gradually begins to feed and water. This should be done in small portions, food should be dietary. A gentle diet should be continued for at least a week. It all depends on the diagnosis, you may have to stick to the diet much more if the problem is in the gastrointestinal tract disease.
Symptoms, signs and treatment of vomiting in a dog at home
Sudden vomiting in a dog can scare the owner and cause discomfort to the animal. The reasons for vomiting in a pet can be different. Vomiting is a reflex reaction that protects the body from poisons, toxins, inedible objects and substances.
First aid for poisoning at home
If it is reliably known that the dog was poisoned by a poisonous substance, it is necessary to urgently call a veterinarian or deliver the dog to a veterinary clinic.
- stop pet contact with a poisonous substance.
- If the poison has been swallowed, induce vomiting. To do this, you can dilute salt or soda in warm water and pour it into the dog’s mouth. For 250 ml of water. 1 tablespoon of salt. It is best to do gastric lavage using a tube. In case of poisoning with acids and alkalis, it is strongly not recommended to cause vomiting, since the repeated passage of these substances through the organs of the digestive tract can lead to a chemical burn. Milk thawing is possible only in case of mercury or lead poisoning, in other cases milk is not used.
- It is recommended to wash off the poison on the skin from the pet using baby soap or just clean warm water.
- If the animal was transported in a car, and it was breathed in gasoline vapors or exhaust fumes, it is necessary to take the dog to fresh air. Carbon monoxide can be neutralized by rinsing the mouth and eyes abundantly with a weak solution of soda (3%).
- To remove poison from the stomach, a sorbent is used: activated carbon at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 kg of weight.
- 30 minutes after taking charcoal, it is recommended to give the pet a mild laxative so that the body naturally clears itself of poisons.
Activated charcoal will help remove poison from the stomach.
Worms can provoke yellow vomiting in a dog.
Vomit with bile is very frightening for dog owners. How can I help my pet? First you need to figure out the reasons that caused the emetic urge:
- An exacerbation of gastritis in an animal may be accompanied by yellow vomiting. Therefore, a pet with stomach problems should not starve for a long time. It should be fed in small portions, but several times a day. If the vomit consists of bile, then the pet is hungry. It is necessary to tidy up the dog’s diet, feed her with foods that she likes so that she does not starve due to lack of appetite. If it was not possible to establish the feeding process at this time, then in the future the pet will face more serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Yellow vomiting can be triggered by helminthic invasion. If the worms have been identified in the vomit, it is necessary to take them out. There are many drugs aimed at destroying parasitic worms, but it is better to remove them after conducting tests and determining the types of worms.
- Infectious liver damage can cause the dog to vomit with bile contents, especially if the animal has a stomach ulcer.
Foam and mucous vomiting
Foam while vomiting is not a sign of serious illness.
- After eating, after a while the stomach empties, and the food passes on.
- Mucus and bile appear in the stomach.
- Mucus prevents self-digestion of the gastric walls.
- The mucous contents are whipped into a foamy mass, therefore, with vomiting, the foamy-mucous contents of the stomach appear.
This is usually not a sign of serious pathology and indicates that the dog’s stomach is empty. Isolated cases of such vomiting are permissible, but repeated cases should constantly alert the owner. The dog needs to be shown to the veterinarian to determine the causes of vomiting.
The main symptoms of poisoning
Signs indicating pet poisoning:
- Drooling, licking the muzzle.
- Vomiting with diarrhea.
- Pain in the abdomen, which is detected on palpation. The animal tries to dodge feeling and squeals in pain.
- Weakness, loss of coordination, wobbly gait.
- Muscle cramps or paralysis.
- With severe intoxication, the animal may lose consciousness or fall into a coma.
- Poisoning with pesticides can be diagnosed by dilated pupils. In some cases, blindness is possible.
- Heart rhythm changes, breathing becomes more frequent or rare.
Poor quality food can poison your dog.
A dog may have health problems with certain organs, so vomiting will vary. Among the main causes of the gag reflex, there are several of the most common:
In street water and ponds, a dog can easily become infected with worms.
Frequent vomiting of blood may indicate an open stomach ulcer.
Bone waste can trigger stomach ulcers.
This disease occurs when feeding a pet with bone and meat waste, bones and other traumatic products. Vomiting disappears when the ulcer is scarred.