Basic feeding rules based on the behavior and diet of wild hamsters
Most often, two types of hamsters are born at home: Dzungarian and Syrian.
The habitat of the Dzungarian hamsters in nature is dry steppes and semi-deserts. Therefore, they drink little liquid, getting water from the feed. It is important to take this into account when drawing up a menu for dzungarian hamsters: installing a drinker in their cage is a less effective way to combat dehydration than feeding dzungarian hamsters juicy fresh vegetables and fruits.
The place of residence of the Syrian hamster is sown meadows, forest-steppe, foothills. There they eat whole grains and greens. Therefore, at home, the Syrian hamster prefers grain food.
Hamster Food | What To Feed Pet Hamster | Syrian Hamster Diet
In the wild, the hamster most often eats various grains, domestic hamsters also love grain food.
In the wild, the hamster stores a large amount of food in its burrow, transferring it in well-developed cheek pouches. Such measures allow him to survive the winter. Therefore, his domestic brothers also try to hide food for hamsters in any secluded place. So an empty cup in a cage is not an indicator that the pet has eaten everything and is hungry. He probably just moved supplies to a secret corner.
The size of the portion should be such that the amount of hidden, and even more so. perishable food. is minimal.
Also, wild brethren of the Dzungariks and Syrian hamsters that are familiar to us are mostly nocturnal. In the dark, it is easier for them to hide from predators. And domestic rodents are most often active after sunset.
This means that the main part of the daily ration should be given out in the evening feeding. Some hamster breeders generally recommend feeding them only in the evening. But our veterinarians still insist on feeding hamsters two times a day, and their western colleagues even propose to introduce five to six meals a day.
Competent preparation of the diet
The diet of hamsters, like other mammals, should be as balanced and complete as possible. It is advisable to select products taking into account the individual characteristics of your pet: age, level of physical activity, habits. In addition, the menu needs to be changed to reflect the current time of year.
The daily diet of small rodents is formed from the following components:
Fresh food should be fed to the rodent in the morning and dried grains in the evening. If you follow this rule, the likelihood that the hamster will take a perishable food into the house is reduced.
If you decide to use ready-made food for hamsters, then when choosing it, pay attention to the amount of sunflower seeds in the total mass. Very often, manufacturers add them in excess, which is bad for the health of hamsters. In addition, some rodents choose from the finished feed mixture only the tidbits, ignoring, at times, the most valuable components.
Give preference to food in a moisture-proof package. when buying them, it is more likely that dried vegetables and grains are well preserved, not covered with mold.
Many companies produce fortified hamster food, which is very convenient, since it frees you from the need to use special vitamin supplements.
Quality, balanced hamster food contains all the vitamins and minerals you need.
A small disadvantage of ready-made feeds is that when using them, the amount of proteins and carbohydrates in the diet cannot be adjusted. And this is sometimes necessary to do, for example, if the pet has problems with weight. Alternatively, you can try to reduce the amount of prepared food and increase the proportion of fresh herbs or vegetables.
Proper nutrition for hamsters: feeding features
Before all the newly-made owners of decorative hamsters, if they take their pet responsibly, an important question arises: how to feed the hamster? And it is right. After all, nutrition largely determines how healthy a small rodent will be, and not only the quality, but also the duration of its life depends on it.
The diet of hamsters must necessarily and daily include juicy vegetables and fruits. only fresh and washed!
The easiest way out is to buy ready-made hamster food and periodically add it to the feeder. But this should take into account two key points:
Therefore, in order to learn how to feed a hamster correctly, you must first familiarize yourself with its behavioral characteristics and nature of nutrition in the wild.
How to avoid possible digestive problems
In order for the stomach and intestines of Dzungarian or Syrian hamsters to work properly, it is necessary to adhere to some rules.
Introduce new feed gradually, in small portions. The rodent needs time to get used to it. In no case should small rodents be given spoiled products: hay with a bloom of mold, withered grass. Remove uneaten fruits and vegetables after feeding.
Clean the hamster feeder and drinker daily. Although some owners believe that it is not necessary to install a drinker in a cage for dzungariks, it is still better to have one. The Syrian hamster does not feel well without enough water.
Use a feeder that is heavy enough (such as ceramic). The light bowl is tipping over and will be of little use. Put greens and hay strictly in a cup, otherwise they will be scattered on the floor.
Often, digestive disorders in Dzungarian and Syrian hamsters occur from too large portions of food eaten. You cannot constantly overfeed the animal, it is better if it remains a little hungry after eating. In addition, do not forget that he always has an emergency supply in his house, which, in case of emergency, can satisfy his hunger.
Do not use expired hamster food. Even if it looks quite edible. Do not forget that most feed contains various additives that can be very toxic after the expiration date.
Under no circumstances should you offer the following foods to hamsters:
- all containing sugar, salt and spices (sugar is especially dangerous for dzhungariks, since these rodents have an increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus);
- pieces of fatty, fried and smoked dishes from your table;
- any exotic fruits;
- any sweets;
- potato peelings;
- fatty dairy products (cream, sour cream, yogurt);
- breakfast cereals, muesli;
- cabbage, sorrel, onion, garlic.
Proper feeding of hamsters helps to maintain their health, good mood, and also avoid many unnecessary problems.
Differences between Syrian and pygmy hamsters
Both pygmy and Syrian hamsters are great pets. The main differences between them are:
- Syrians are larger than dwarf hamsters;
- Syrian hamsters are solitary animals, while pygmy hamsters can live together;
- Syrians come in many colors, patterns and coat types;
- Syrians remain tame, even if ignored for days. Dwarf hamsters need constant attention to stay tame.
Syrian hamster. photo and description of the species
Larger than dwarf hamsters, the Syrian hamster is also known as the golden or teddy bear hamster. The Syrian hamster is a small rodent belonging to the hamster family. These hamsters have quickly gained popularity as pets in the west since Professor Aharoni caught a female Syrian hamster and her 12 cubs in 1930 in Aleppo, Syria.
Indeed. all Syrian hamsters that are bred as pets have a pedigree descending from this female. The breed was domesticated in North America and in 1936 was first distributed as a pet. Syrian hamsters, as the name suggests, are predominantly found in Syria and parts of Israel.
Home is the best cage for the Syrian hamster
Syrians should start living on their own as early as 4-5 weeks of age. There are several options for accommodating your pet, and the cage is the most popular. All hamsters should have a large enough litter environment to dig as they burrow in the wild.
A big cage is always better!
Studies have shown that close surroundings affect a hamster’s mood and can cause chronic stress, so it’s important to provide them with the best possible habitat possible. Syrians are advised to have at least 1 sq. m, or 10,000 sq. centimeters. Their cage should be high enough. at least 30-35 cm.Hamsters living in small cages are much more likely to show signs of stress and gnaw on twigs.
- Mat or bedding. Necessary for the absorption of urine and as a material for digging and burying. Wood safety shavings or paper bedding or filler are excellent bedding materials.
- Nesting Material. Hamsters need bedding and if you provide them with paper filler, they can also use it as nest bedding. Another affordable option is shredded toilet paper, which is also a great material. You should not use cotton wool or similar materials as they can restrict movement and even suffocate your hamster if it tries to swallow them.
- Running Wheel. Adult Syrian hamsters require large enough wheels with a diameter of at least 20 cm. Smaller wheels can lead to back problems for the animal. Many hamster cages come with a built-in wheel.
- Drinking bowl. much preferable to a bowl of water as it is protected from tipping over and contamination.
- Food Bowl. Your pet must have a large bowl to prevent it toppling over.
- Toys, wood for chewing. hamsters, like other rodents, have continuously growing teeth, so it is important to provide the necessary items that will allow them to keep their teeth in good shape.
- Treat. hamsters love treats every now and then that make them happier.
- Toys. Hamsters need toys to keep them from getting bored. It is vital to give them the mental and physical stimulation they need to distract them from feeling trapped.
How to feed a Syrian hamster?
When it comes to feeding your Syrian hamster, you should base his diet on high quality food. A good hamster mix should contain a suitable combination of seeds, grains and nuts with a nutritional balance of approximately 12-15% protein and 3-6% fat. Pregnant females should receive additional protein and fat while they are carrying and feeding their offspring.
You can supplement your hamster’s diet with fresh fruits and vegetables. Carrots, apples, broccoli, pears and cabbage are most suitable for them. Avoid citrus fruits as they are too acidic. You need to make sure they eat fresh food every day because hamsters love to keep food in their nests. Excess fruits and vegetables can also cause indigestion and diarrhea.
Any food should be washed thoroughly to remove possible pesticides harmful to your pet. Be sure to remove unused food after 24 hours to keep animals from eating spoiled food.
All hamster species have cheek pouches that are used in the wild to carry food into their burrow. Hamster owners often misjudge their pet’s food intake because they don’t take into account the food that has been hidden in these pouches.
SAFE and UNSAFE foods for hamsters!
Hair types in Syrian hamsters
The first domesticated hamsters had short hair, but since then breeders have managed to breed individuals with 4 main types of hair: short-haired, long-haired, rex and satin.
Longhaired. have a longer coat than usual. The longest hair grows only in male hamsters. its length reaches 8-10 cm.
Satin Syrian hamsters are beautiful animals with a glossy coat. Some hamsters have an ultra-shiny appearance. However, breeding two sateen hamsters is not recommended as it will result in ugly, oily and thin hair in their offspring.
Rex is a relatively new type of coat. The main feature of these hamsters is their curly and wavy coat. Their fur is usually very short and dense.
- pumpkin (pulp only);
- Bell pepper;
Hamsters are especially fond of carrots and cucumbers, but kids are always happy with other vegetables. Choosing a fruit for complementary foods must be very careful. A small pet’s body is hard to tolerate any “chemical” substances, so the vegetable must be guaranteed to be grown without the use of pesticides and nitrates.
Even a small dose of chemicals, if they enter the digestive tract of the animal, will cause poisoning.
Vegetables should be fresh and free of rotten areas. All root vegetables must be washed well before serving them to a pet. It is better to peel the vegetables and cut them into small cubes so that it is convenient for the baby to eat.
What to feed a Syrian
The diet of a Syrian hamster in the wild consists of 3 main components:
It is not difficult to provide your pet with a balanced diet at home.
Sweet fruits are not recommended for daily consumption by rodents. they can lead to unwanted weight gain and diabetes. However, sometimes, as a treat, you can offer your pet:
- apples (if the apple is sweet and sour, you can give it more often);
- a pear (first try to give a small piece to follow the reaction of the intestines);
Before treating your baby to fruits, remove seeds and seeds from them, cut into small pieces and give to the rodent one by one.
Greenery and tree branches
Fresh green food should also form a prominent part of the rodent’s daily diet. Here is a list of beneficial plants:
- nettle (only treated with boiling water);
- leaf salad;
- sprouts of wheat, oats, millet and other permitted seeds.
There are plants that can be included in the diet of a Syrian hamster, but this must be done with caution. It:
The grass for feeding the pet needs to be collected away from busy roads (the best option is your own garden plot), rinsed well with running water and then dried.
In order for the rodent to grind constantly growing teeth, it is recommended that he be offered fresh branches of fruit crops and deciduous trees:
- apple trees;
- and you;
You need to cut branches in an environmentally friendly place. Before putting them in the cage, you should rinse the branches and remove all the knots.
How to water the animal
After the question of what can be eaten by a Syrian hamster has been resolved, it is necessary to figure out what kind of liquid should be given to the animal. Contrary to popular belief, juicy food is not enough to provide the animal’s body with moisture.
The cage must have a special drinking bowl for rodents, filled with fresh clean water.
Berries are on the list of what Syrian hamsters eat in the wild. In a small amount, it will be useful for them to feast on:
- grapes (seedless).
Berries should be selected ripe, but not overripe, and wash them well.
Of the grains, sprouted wheat is preferred, oats and buckwheat are good. Grain can occasionally be replaced with a loaf. Grain porridge is recommended for pregnant females.
Peas, beans are given boiled. The animals are very fond of young green peas. Hamsters are offered dried corn, melon seeds, pumpkins, nuts (cashews, peanuts, walnuts). Dried fruits are useful for rodents: raisins, dried apricots, dried banana, pears, apples. For constipation, add a little sunflower oil to the diet, for diarrhea. rice cooked to stickiness. In this case, the animal’s menu needs to be revised so that the digestive functions return to normal.
What To Feed Your Hamster | Hamster diets
Be sure to purchase a mineral stone for scratching on it, grinding teeth, and intake of nutrients into the body. This is what rodents do in natural conditions.
Water must be present in the animal’s diet. It is better to pour it into a drinking bowl, not into a bowl, from where it evaporates quickly, and the dishes often tip over. Automatic drinkers have proven themselves well. You need to drink filtered, clean water.
Sick and weakened rodents
Often, after suffering stress, the animal becomes ill. A new place of residence, a move, the appearance of a roommate in a cage, a loud TV can cause illness. If you show aggression, hair loss, the appearance of parasites, skin inflammations, lethargy, refusal to eat, you should visit your veterinarian.
Often, such animals have to be fed forcibly, typing grains crushed to a puree state, ground, mixed with hot water or vegetables into a syringe. The food is served warm. Mashed potatoes and cereals are suitable for children. It is convenient to mix vitamins and medicines there. Sick Syrian hamsters are watered with chamomile broth. They do this slowly, making sure that the hamster does not swell.
Several times a week, the animal needs protein food. It can be meat, cottage cheese. The products must be fresh, the meat must be boiled well beforehand, excluding salt and spices. Meals include low-fat kefir, fish, boiled egg, mealworm.
Herbs in the diet
Food should not only be healthy, but also varied. With poor nutrition, the animal may begin to itch, which is a manifestation of an allergic reaction.
Fruits and vegetables
For feeding a domestic animal, it is useful to give a little berries, fruits, vegetables every day: pieces of cucumber, carrot, apple, banana, persimmon, pear. Pumpkin, squash, bell peppers, broccoli and Savoy are allowed. Food should be rinsed well before eating. The Syrian hamster is most active at night. With this in mind, you should offer perishable food at this time of day. It is also necessary to check the cage from time to time, avoiding the presence of rotten food that can cause poisoning of the pet. Correctly feed with so much food, which is not much the next day.
What can and cannot be fed to hamsters??
What is a balanced and correct diet for a pet hamster? What he needs to be given daily, what is better to limit, and what to feed is prohibited?
This is why the safest food for your pet is only one that you or someone you know has grown in your own garden.
Fact! Two adult hamsters are killed every year from chemically treated cucumbers or salads.
Be sure to include in your hamster’s daily diet:
To feed your hamster in case of diarrhea or constipation, you can give:
- Groats boiled in water. Before boiling cereals, they should be soaked in water in advance.
- Rice boiled in plain water. It helps the hamster with diarrhea and intestinal disorders.
- A drop of sunflower oil is added to the basic diet for constipation.
What you can give your pet hamster in small doses:
- Several vegetables and fruits, except for any types of cabbage, exotic fruits, beets.
- Sweet drying, unsalted popcorn.
- Any nuts. walnuts, hazelnuts, or sesame seeds.
How to feed your hamster
The hamster is a cute, funny animal that is interesting to watch, and it brings joy and fun to the house. That is why, when acquiring this little animal, we often do not understand that its nutrition should be taken more than seriously. Eating from a man’s “lordly” table is completely unacceptable for a hamster. Some foods can make the animal very sick. Therefore, in order for your little pet to delight you with its virtuosity for a long time, it is better to know exactly what to feed him.
In ancient times, hamsters were wild animals. They lived mainly in the steppes, where the choice of food is not too loose. If the hamster found grain, then, as a thrifty rodent, he always took it to his burrow, because he knew that it would be tight in winter, and he needed to stock up for all the cold weather. Such “thrifty” of rodents due to the massive destruction of crops, of course, is not welcomed by agronomists. Also in the wild, hamsters, in addition to grain, eat larvae and caterpillars.
It is interesting! Wild hamsters living in a harsh environment can pose a huge danger to animals that are much smaller than them. In addition to plant foods, hamsters do not disdain small animals, carrion and insects.
If you brought a hamster home, get ready to feed him food, which should contain all the necessary trace elements and all the vitamin composition: we are talking about vegetables. In winter, unlike in summer, the hamster should be given more nutrients along with food, which will contain carbohydrates, protein foods, and fats. Among other things, the animal must have fresh water next to the food.
Remember that keeping hamsters is not so difficult, the main thing is that you responsibly approach the issue of feeding this smart animal. Therefore, we decided to familiarize you in detail with which products are preferable to give to the hamster, and which are strictly prohibited for him.
What hamsters shouldn’t be fed
We have already written that it is strictly forbidden to give domestic hamsters any exotic fruits, spicy, salty, peppery or too sweet, as well as fatty food for which the small digestive system of the animal is not at all designed.
This means that honey, any sweets, kozinaki, ice cream, halva and shortbread dough are contraindicated for a hamster: for a pet it is a slowly killing poison. The rodent’s diet should be absent. any milk, butter, cream, kefir and sour cream. Cabbage, fried, meat, chocolate products, pasta, loaf, breadcrumbs are contraindicated for the pet, as they include an ingredient that is dangerous for the hamster. Yes, don’t be surprised, hamsters shouldn’t be given a loaf, but only grain.
Naturally, garlic, hot peppers, onions, sorrel should not be given to a rodent. Do not forget about melons and watermelons, as well as apricot or cherry pits, which contain acid harmful to the hamster.
Always make sure that your hamster eats only fresh, not spoiled food and feed, ripe fruits and vegetables, and has the required amount of fresh water. This is the only way your playful pet will delight you and your family for a long time with its cheerfulness, activity and healthy appearance.!
Features of the diet of hamsters
A hamster’s diet depends on its species. Dzungarian hamsters’ diet includes fruits and vegetables. After all, dzungariki are steppe hamsters. They are used to eating “juicy” food, getting liquid from it.
Syrian hamsters in nature live in meadows (sowing), forest-steppe and at the foot of the mountains. Therefore, they like to eat wheat, oats, corn, seeds and greens.
Hamsters love to stock up on food. Therefore, if the bowl is empty, this does not mean that the hamster has eaten everything. Perhaps he hid the food in a secluded place.
The serving size should be small. Then hamsters will have less supplies.
The number of meals for all types of hamsters should be at least twice a day (morning and evening).
The hamsters should be fed properly. Add vitamins to your hamster’s diet in winter.
- Vegetables. tomato and cucumber, zucchini, pumpkin.
- Greens. fresh beet leaves, oat and wheat sprouts.
- Fruit. apple, pear.
- Grain. watermelon seeds, oats, millet.
Add dried fruits, peas and beans (dried) to the diet of a Dzungarian hamster 1-2 times a month.
Permitted foods for hamsters
The diet of Syrian hamsters is not much different from the diet of Dzungariks and other domestic hamsters. The diet should be balanced and include vitamins (fruits, vegetables and herbs). There is one difference. Syrian hamsters feed mainly on grains. Therefore, the basis of the diet is wheat grains, oats, seeds.
- angle grinder pepper, tomato and cucumber;
- vegetables containing little starch: carrots, beets, zucchini;
- grain crops. millet, oats, seeds;
- boiled egg;
- dried fruits;
- berries. currants, blueberries, strawberries, cherries and cherries;
- fruits. apple and pear.
Instead of water, sometimes give your hamster milk: it is rich in protein. Boil the milk and watch the fat content (up to 1.5% fat). But you cannot completely replace water with milk: this will cause digestive problems.
The best food for hamsters
When buying feed, pay attention to the packaging. It must be sealed and free from damage. It is important that moisture does not get into the dry mixture, otherwise the food will be covered with mold.
Study the composition of hamster food: it should not contain many sunflower seeds. They are high in calories and harm the pet’s health. The composition of a good food must contain dried fruits and grains.
- Homka is the Zoomir trademark. Contains natural cereals, dried fruits and vegetables.
- “Animals”. the company “ZOOMIR”. Contains a complete formula for an active and healthy pet life.
- “Chika”. organic food for Dzungarian hamsters. Contains natural ingredients. The composition of the food is designed taking into account the characteristics of the Jungar hamsters.
Ideal hamster food formulations include:
- not less than 14% proteins;
- no more than 8% fat;
- 5-8% fiber;
- vitamins A, E, phosphorus, calcium;
- cereals and legumes;
- dry vegetables and fruits (lumpy or in granules).
The feed should not contain:
- a lot of sunflower seeds and nuts (high-calorie foods);
- exotic fruits;
- vegetables with a high m of starch (harmful to the hamster’s digestion);
- salty and sweet ingredients.
Choose food for your hamster taking into account individual characteristics. For dwarf hamsters, food should be “convenient” in size so that it can be easily hidden in the cheeks.
Introduce the new food gradually so that the hamster gets used to it. Remove uneaten food so that it does not spoil and does not lead to an upset stomach in the pet.
The portion of food depends on the size of the hamster and ranges from one to four tablespoons.
What to feed hamsters: permitted and prohibited foods
Syrian hamsters, dzungariki, Roborovsky hamsters (named in Honor of the Russian naturalist V.I. Roborovsky) and Campbell hamsters (in Honor of British Consul Charles W. Campbell) are suitable for home keeping.
The conditions of keeping and the diet of the hamster depend on:
- rodent activity;
- the frequency of reproduction (in females. the number of cubs born);
- pet health;
How to pamper hamsters
Give the listed foods to hamsters no more than once a week:
Banana can also be eaten by hamsters, but only “on special occasions” and in small quantities. The pet’s teeth are constantly growing and they need to be grinded on solid food, so banana should not be given to the pet often. Make sure your hamster doesn’t hide this sweet treat, as banana is a perishable fruit.
Rating of the best food for hamsters
- Vitakraft Emotion Complite All Ages, Germany. The weight can be 0.4kg and 0.8kg. The composition is designed for rodents of all ages. It contains no harmful preservatives and flavors, sugar and dyes. In the composition, in accordance with the needs of rodents, there are plant components (nettles, algae, seeds, oils and fats), animal products (daphnia, molluscs, crustaceans). The bag is hermetically closed, packaging with a fastener.
- TROPIFIT Hamsters, Poland. The contents are packed in a sealed plastic bag, weight 0.5 kg. This is a granular composition, dyes are present here, but approved by the EU. The composition includes 61.5% of cereals, 31% in almost equal proportions. seeds, vegetables and fruits. Vegetable ingredients include chopped carob, beans and peas, and banana chips.
- Vitapol Karma, Poland (0.5 kg). Satisfies the animal’s daily need for vitamins and minerals. Cereals in the composition are represented by crops: wheat, corn, barley, oats, wheat bran, grains and flour from cereals. All grains are refined. Seeds. pumpkin, flax, sunflower. Vitamin supplements. herbal flour, peas, beet pulp, rye and rice flour, alfalfa, thyme and peanuts.
- Vitakraft Premium Menu Vital, Germany. Package weight 0.4 kg and 0.8 kg. The composition is well balanced, for the animals the necessary protein is added in the form of an extract. Packaging. a bag with a zip-fastener, there are no foreign impurities in the aroma. In the composition of 69% cereals, garden plants, nuts, seeds and the proportion of minerals.
- BIOKRAFT with nuts and fruits, Russia. Weight. 400 g, foil-sealed packaging. The composition of the feed is described in detail: grass flour in granules, seeds, fruits, nuts. The basis is made up of cereals plus corn, yellow and red millet.
- TiTBiT Classic, Russia (0.5 kg). The food is placed in a bag (inside foil), clean, with a pleasant aroma. The main ingredients are cereals. peas, oatmeal, red millet, cereals. Additional elements. dried beef lung, apple, vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, corn), sunflower seeds. Also added vitamins, herb granules, algae.
Fresh pet grass is not only source of organic acids and vitamins. In the wild, animals are treated with plants. The herb contains flavonoids, carotenoids and mineral salts.
Recommended juicy food:
- lettuce leaves;
- wheat / oat germ;
- bamboo shoots;
Optimal feed composition
In their natural environment, hamsters feed on grain crops, dry and fresh grasses, plant roots. These foods should form the basis of the diet, approximately 60–63%, the rest being fresh herbs, vegetables and fruits, nuts and seeds. The share of the last pair should be negligible. An obligatory supplement is protein food: insects, small crustaceans or molluscs.
At home, the following foods are suitable as a protein source:
Separately, it should be said about elderly pets, it is difficult for them to chew rough food, so it is better to grate root vegetables and vegetables, hard fruits on a coarse grater. To cope with digestion will help a decoction of chamomile, twice a day.
Both young and old hamsters need a mineral stone to grind their teeth. It is good to give branches of fruit trees for the same purpose. Plants are pre-scalded with boiling water.
Fruits, vegetables and berries
Plant foods should be given at one time. If you give more, the hamster will take it to the pantry, where the vegetable or fruit will go bad. In the diet, you need to choose those plants that are familiar in the region: imported products are treated with substances toxic to animals. b
- vegetables. pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber, bell peppers, carrots, beets, cauliflower, broccoli;
- berries. strawberries, wild strawberries, currants, blueberries, blueberries, gooseberries;
- fruits. cherry, sweet cherry, apple, pear, plum;
- dried fruits. dried apricots, prunes, raisins.
Fruits and berries should be chosen sweet and sour, where there is less sugar. For example, fresh apricot should be discarded, but dried fruit can be. Pits must be removed from fruits, most of them contain substances harmful to the hamster.
At home, the rodent is more vulnerable than its wild relatives, therefore it is important to monitor the freshness of the food in its diet, to give it food with a competent balance of vitamins and minerals. Speaking of freshness, it should be added that you cannot give a fruit or vegetable, even with a slightly darkened side. You can cut off the rotten part, but the bacteria have already penetrated the pulp and can affect the health of the pet. The same applies to cereals: they must be freshly prepared. One serving. for one meal, do not cook in reserve and keep in the refrigerator.
In principle, the diet of all hamster species consists of the same set. But you need to take into account some difference:
- Dzungarian and Campbell’s Hamsterare susceptible to diabetes, it is harmful for them to give a lot of sweet food. Babies in natural conditions feed mainly on grains and herbs, which should form the basis of the diet. Fruit is needed, but in small quantities due to the presence of sugars;
- syrian hamstersare often obese. Their feed should contain more grains and juicy feed, less nuts, seeds and other fat and oil-containing products.
Seeds and cereals
Foods saturate the body with amino acids, fiber, proteins and fats. Carbohydrates give your pet energy. But it should be borne in mind that seeds and nuts contain a large percentage of fat, these products are included in the menu in small quantities.
- cereals from cereals;
- seeds. melons, flax, sunflower;
- legumes. lentils, green peas;
- nuts. peanuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, pine nuts;
- corn kernels. dry, steamed or boiled.
What to feed Syrian hamsters other than food
When purchasing a hamster as a pet, not all rodent lovers are aware of their responsibility to the animal. The animal, in addition to a cozy house with a bedroom and toys, needs a proper diet. What should be the finished feed and what should be included in the daily menu. the topic of the article.
Syrian hamster diet
Wild rodents feed on grains, fruits, berries, herbs, vegetables, worms and small insects. In order for domesticated animals to feel comfortable, their feeding should be as close as possible to their natural diet. Therefore, the menu of the decorative golden hamster should include cereal mixtures, protein foods, juicy, green and twig food.
Do’s and don’ts for Syrian hamsters
Syrian hamsters are undemanding pets that do not cause much trouble. However, for rodents to stay active and healthy longer, they need proper nutrition.
Find out what you can feed Syrian hamsters at home and what they are strictly forbidden.
Among inexperienced owners, there is an opinion that this or that food can be eaten by hamsters of other breeds, but Syrian hamsters cannot. In fact, this assumption is not true and the list of prohibited products applies to representatives of all varieties.
- canned food;
- fruit pits;
- loaf of baked goods;
- sorrel, lingonberry, sea buckthorn and other plants with essential oils;
- feed for other animals and birds;
- fatty, salty, spicy and sweet foods.
Vitamins, Mineral Supplements & Treats
For the proper development and full functioning of the body of Syrian hamsters, it is necessary not only to feed them in a balanced way, but also to provide them with special fortified preparations. They are available in solid and liquid form and are mixed into the drink or food of the animal.
Also, a mineral stone is placed in the pet’s cage. It will not only help to grind off the incisors, but also enrich the body with the necessary substances. Pregnant females are given a chalk stone, which can have a fruity or herbal flavor and will provide the expectant mother with calcium and other trace elements.
As a treat for the Syrian hamster, you can eat rose petals, popcorn without oil and salt, dried fruits, grain sticks and fruit chips.
Commercial hamster food contains grains and grains, seeds and protein sources. Some manufacturers add vitamins, minerals, dried fruits to it.
A high-quality grain mixture should contain such components as oats, wheat, sesame seeds, flax, alfalfa, cashews, peanuts, walnuts, split peas, corn, millet, buckwheat, pumpkin and sunflower seeds.
- no more than 8% fat;
- 5-8% fiber;
- not less than 14% protein.
Important! If a Syrian hamster eats a cereal mixture with an increased amount of nuts and seeds, he will sooner or later become obese.
Quality feed does not contain salt, sugar, honey, exotic fruits, preservatives, flavor enhancers, dyes and other chemical additives. They are packaged in a transparent sealed package through which whole, not moldy grains are visible without dirt, dust and other impurities.