Food for elderly and weak Dzungarian hamsters
As the hamster ages, his teeth also become weaker, so he needs special nutrition. It is best to offer your pet ground food, pureed vegetables, nuts, baby cereals and puree without spices. But do not forget about grain feed. after all, it is these mixtures that activate the digestive system and prevent its breakdown. It is very convenient to add vitamins and medicines to weakened hamsters in mashed potatoes and porridge. It is worth remembering that even in the refrigerator such food can be stored for no more than a week.
Also, sick hamsters can be watered with a warm decoction of chamomile, but milk, contrary to the advice of many breeders, cannot. If the hamster refuses to eat, you can feed and water the animal from a syringe without a needle. It is necessary to grind the feed to the consistency of sour cream and feed it warm.
Vitamins for Dzungarian hamsters
It is advisable to put in the cage and pieces of mineral stones, on which the animals will grind their teeth. Human vitamins are not suitable for rodents, their composition and dosage are detrimental to these substances. The drops and crackers that some breeders love to buy are just treats that are unlikely to be vitamins.
How to feed Dzungarian hamsters?
In order for the Dzungarian hamster to be healthy and cheerful, be sure to pay attention not only to the conditions of its keeping, but also to the diet. It must include green and juicy food, which is pre-washed or doused with boiling water. You can not give babies watermelons, potatoes and cabbage. their body does not accept them, but pieces of carrots, pumpkin, zucchini, beets, lettuce will be just right.
Starting from 2 months, the pet can be given pieces of apples, grapes, currants, as a delicacy, you can give pears, bananas, apricots, as well as dried fruits, except for prunes. Don’t experiment with citrus fruits and exotic fruits like avocado or pomegranate. In small quantities, hamsters are given greens. leaves of yellow clover, dandelion, dill, parsley, lettuce, hay is given occasionally, and then it should be chopped slowly. You can grow grass for hamsters by sowing grains they have not eaten in a pot of soil.
Inshell nuts, fruit pits, or pine cones should not be given, no matter what other lovers may advise you. Hamsters can break their teeth or injure the cheek pouches, in addition, peach or apricot pits are toxic, as they contain hydrocyanic acid. Various nuts, pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds can be given as the main food. Also, make sure that the hamster receives full-fledged grains. the most nutritious are wheat, oats and millet, they can be germinated on a windowsill and given greens to the hamster. Add peas, rye loaf crumbs to the feed. Breeders also recommend giving boiled eggs, low-fat cottage cheese, boiled chicken breast, but it is better to abstain from dairy products. the digestive system of herbivorous hamsters is not adapted for them. There must be twigs in the cage, about which the animals will sharpen their teeth. These can be branches of hazel, birch, apple, beech that grow outside the city. Do not pluck twigs from trees that grow along roadways. they can be toxic. Before giving the sticks to the hamsters, boil them for an hour and then dry them.
Water for Dzungarian hamsters
At any time of the year, fresh, clean water should be present in the cage. Despite the fact that most of the moisture hamsters get from plants, at times they can get thirsty. Rodents do not drink much, from the side it seems that the amount of water in the drinking bowl does not decrease at all. Do not give hamsters distilled or boiled water, the best option is filtered or spring water.
Ready food for Dzungarian hamsters
As for the purchased food for hamsters, the main manufacturers are Zoomir, Homka, Gryzunchik, JR Farm, Versele-Laga, Fiory, Beaphar, Benelux and other companies. You can offer your hamster and treats that resemble a spikelet. when cereal food is poured onto a stick with the help of a sweet substance. Such goodies can be given no more than once a month; you can also encourage kids with biscuits, nuts, dried apricots. The body of hamsters is not adapted to the absorption of sweet, starchy, spicy and fatty, so in no case give him food from your table.
When preparing for breeding, you should know that a female in position needs:
During the period of gestation, the volume of feed is increased so as not to disturb the mother with a lack of supplies. A piece of coal, a mineral stone, calcium gluconate is placed in the cage.
Pregnancy lasts about 20 days. 5-15 babies are born. Fertilization of a female should not be allowed before four months.
It is important to provide mommy with peace: there should be no other hamsters in the cage, it is forbidden to take small cubs in your arms, because an extraneous smell can scare the parent. It is necessary to provide the female with a balanced diet, ensure peace. All this will prevent manifestations of cannibalism on the part of the mother.
Eating an adult hamster
The diet of a small animal consists mainly of grains, but different foods are useful for a good mood and well-being of a hamster. So, what are the main preferences of this animal, what does your pet need??
Herbs in the diet
Food should not only be healthy, but also varied. With poor nutrition, the animal may begin to itch, which is a manifestation of an allergic reaction.
Sick and weakened rodents
Often, after suffering stress, the animal becomes ill. A new place of residence, a move, the appearance of a roommate in a cage, a loud TV can cause illness. If you show aggression, hair loss, the appearance of parasites, skin inflammations, lethargy, refusal to eat, you should visit your veterinarian.
Often, such animals have to be fed forcibly, typing grains crushed to a puree state, ground, mixed with hot water or vegetables into a syringe. The food is served warm. Mashed potatoes and cereals are suitable for children. It is convenient to mix vitamins and medicines there. Sick Syrian hamsters are watered with chamomile broth. They do this slowly, making sure that the hamster does not get bogged down.
Of the grains, sprouted wheat is preferred, oats and buckwheat are good. Grain can occasionally be replaced with a loaf. Grain porridge is recommended for pregnant females.
Peas, beans are given boiled. The animals are very fond of young green peas. Hamsters are offered dried corn, melon seeds, pumpkins, nuts (cashews, peanuts, walnuts). Dried fruits are useful for rodents: raisins, dried apricots, dried banana, pears, apples. For constipation, add a little sunflower oil to the diet, for diarrhea. rice cooked to stickiness. In this case, the animal’s menu must be revised so that the digestive functions return to normal.
Several times a week, the animal needs protein food. It can be meat, cottage cheese. The products must be fresh, the meat must be boiled well beforehand, excluding salt and spices. Meals include low-fat kefir, fish, boiled egg, mealworm.
How to feed a Syrian hamster
Syrian hamsters are “classic” homs, usually with beautiful golden hair, popular as pets for their cute and unpretentious nature. It is easy to feed them with homemade food without buying a factory feed. But in order to feed them, you need to know some of the features of their nutrition. In this article, we will look at what you can feed Syrian hamsters at home.
Experienced breeders advise feeding an aging animal with dairy-free infant formula, introducing special vitamins into the menu. It will prevent digestive problems.
What can not be given
Despite the fact that hamsters are considered omnivorous animals, there are many foods, the introduction of which into the diet will adversely affect the health of the animal and may even lead to a tragic outcome. To avoid such a fate, one must clearly understand that it is impossible for Syrian hamsters to eat under any circumstances:
- fats in any form (whether of vegetable or animal origin);
- salt, sugar, artificial food additives, seasonings;
- bulbous plants (tulips, lilies, etc.);
- sour plants, fruits and berries (sorrel, sea buckthorn, lingonberry, etc.);
- plants saturated with essential oils (mint, garlic, etc.);
- dairy products (except fat-free cottage cheese);
- seeds of berries and fruits;
- potato peel and seedlings;
- loaf of baked goods (with the exception of homemade crackers);
- canned food, smoked meats;
- feed intended by the manufacturer for other animals or birds.
If you feed the animal correctly, avoiding what it cannot eat, it will remain healthy and cheerful for a long time.
All of the above products must be completely excluded from the pet’s diet.
Seeds and nuts
- red millet;
- split peas;
All these components can and should be included in the diet of a Syrian hamster.
The only thing you need to pay attention to is that the percentage of fat-containing seeds and nuts (sunflower, peanuts) is minimal.
It is better to use such food as a treat so that the pet does not start to gain excess weight.
You can make a seed mixture for your baby yourself to be absolutely sure that all the ingredients are suitable for your pet. In addition to the above components, it is good to include more seeds in the composition:
These components will diversify the baby’s diet and saturate the body with useful substances.
What to feed a Syrian
The diet of the Syrian hamster in the wild consists of 3 main components:
It is not difficult to provide your pet with a balanced diet at home.
Berries are on the list of what Syrian hamsters eat in the wild. In a small amount, it will be useful for them to feast on:
- grapes (seedless).
Berries should be selected ripe, but not overripe, and wash them well.
Greenery and tree branches
Fresh green food should also form a prominent part of the rodent’s daily diet. Here is a list of beneficial plants:
- nettle (only treated with boiling water);
- leaf salad;
- sprouts of wheat, oats, millet and other permitted seeds.
There are plants that can be included in the diet of a Syrian hamster, but this must be done with caution. It:
The grass for feeding the pet needs to be collected away from busy roads (the best option is your own garden area), rinsed well with running water and then dried.
In order for the rodent to grind down constantly growing teeth, it is recommended that he be offered fresh branches of fruit crops and deciduous trees:
- apple trees;
- and you;
You need to cut branches in an environmentally friendly place. Before putting them in the cage, you should rinse the branches and remove all knots.
Consider what you can feed the Syrian hamster to provide the rodent with protein. Here are the most useful and accessible sources of this dietary component necessary for animals:
For the listed foods to be beneficial, they should be given in limited quantities.
It is better to arrange “protein days” for your pet twice or three times a week. Products need to be alternated.
How to feed a Syrian hamster
Choosing the right diet for your pet is the key to its health and good mood. In this article, we will consider how to feed a Syrian hamster at home, we will compile a list of useful and harmful products. The list will help inexperienced owners quickly navigate and form the ideal menu for the baby.
Let us also analyze what can be given to a Syrian hamster, and what absolutely cannot be fed to it.
Sweet fruits are not recommended for daily consumption by rodents. they can lead to unwanted weight gain and diabetes. However, sometimes, as a treat, you can offer your pet:
- apples (if the apple is sweet and sour, you can give it more often);
- a pear (first try to give a small piece to follow the reaction of the intestines);
Before treating your baby to fruits, remove seeds and seeds from them, cut into small pieces and give to the rodent one by one.
Young Syrian individuals are distinguished by an underdeveloped, still very delicate digestive system. For this reason, the feeding of small hamsters should be built according to a special scheme. Animals should be fed frequently, but in small portions. The dry grain mixture should be continuously added to the trough. It is important to note that not all small hamsters love this product.
When dispensing fresh herbs and fruits, it is necessary to add no more than one type of food per day, otherwise digestion can be harmed. For a similar reason, exotic fruits should be avoided. Germination at home can give good results:
It is useful to draw up a diet plan in advance and strictly follow it.
To ensure the normal development of pets, young plant shoots are necessarily added. they will saturate the body with microelements. At a month and even at an earlier age, many hamsters eat human baby food. The motive is simple. it contains meat, cereal and vegetable components.
The topic of feeding adult hamsters is also quite relevant. This group includes all animals from 2 years of age and older. Typical signs are apathy, decreased appetite. But, even without looking closely at the animal, it is easy to notice that his teeth are almost sharpened. For this reason, coarse food will have to be completely abandoned.
Nuts, hard grains are ground to a mushy state. It is better to grate all vegetables and fruits. it is better to do this even with a banana, tomato, dill. You can still use ready-made dry formulations. with their help, it is possible to stabilize the work of digestion.
It is recommended to feed the “oldies” with basically the same food as the little ones.
For pregnant females
The food in the diet of this group of individuals should deliver a maximum of microelements. It is best if a lot of food containing protein is provided once a day. You also need fresh herbs and cereal sprouts. There is no need to complain about the lack of appetite at this time. over, the animal will worry if its feeder is empty.
List of approved products
Feeding your Syrian hamster properly at home is not too difficult. These animals are very active in the evenings. For this reason, relatively little feed should be given in the morning. But in the afternoon, in the evening, you need a more high-calorie diet.
Additionally, you should check all secret places in the cages. Hamsters hide their reserves there, but they are not able to independently control their safety. The owners will have to take it upon themselves.
In the wild, hamsters often feed on:
- cereal grains;
- juicy vegetable feed;
- small insects.
What shouldn’t be given?
But the impressive variety of foods the Syrian hamster needs doesn’t mean it’s omnivorous. An inept or illiterate diet can cause significant damage to health. It is categorically impossible to feed him:
- fatty cottage cheese;
- sour cream and cheese;
- sugar (sand and refined sugar);
- cow oil;
- table salt;
- herbs and spices;
- ice cream;
- baked goods (especially baked goods);
- dry feed intended for other animals.
The danger is represented by mushrooms and acorns, Brazil nuts, almonds. Pomegranate, cherry, apricot, plum or cherry seeds, as well as other fruits and citrus fruits, can deform the cheek pouches. Nor should you rely on animal instincts. It will willingly eat lard, red meat, fatty fish. As a result, the body will receive an excess amount of fat.
Potatoes and cabbage of any kind are banned. Garlic and onions, sorrel leaves, needles, branches of trees and shrubs can pose a threat. It is undesirable to introduce any juices (vegetable, fruit or berry) into the diet.
You cannot catch insects on your own to feed the hamster. You can’t let him get his food on the street.
The only acceptable type of loaf is homemade rusks. A manufactured product of this kind may contain hazardous components of synthetic origin. Often preservatives, flavors, dyes and flavor enhancers are mixed there. Grapes should be given only seedless. In order not to peel the berries by hand, it is better to choose raisins.
Boiled beef liver should be used with great care. This organ absorbs all the toxic substances that previously entered the cow’s body. And cooking is unlikely to remove them sufficiently. If you give the liver, then only in limited quantities and without salt. All foods with more than 3% fat are strictly prohibited.
Feeding your hamster white cabbage can even kill it. Exotic fruits should be used with caution. It is fundamentally unacceptable to use:
- canned food;
- stewed foods;
- fried food.
Considering the habitat of Syrian hamsters in meadows and forest-steppes, they love grains and seeds most of all. The easiest way to provide a pet with analogues of such food is to buy ready-made mixtures. When compiling them at enterprises, specialists mix:
- corn grains;
- sunflower seeds;
- red millet.
But mixtures can include other components as well. For example, walnuts, buckwheat, split peas, flax grains, peanuts and sesame seeds are added there.
It is important to know that you should not “lean” too much on fat seeds and nuts. an excess of them can be dangerous for a hamster. It is advisable to give fatty food as a treat. then the animal will not be at risk of obesity.
When preparing a seed mixture for a pet on your own, you can be sure of the quality of all components. It is recommended to add pumpkin, melon and watermelon seeds. Thanks to them, you can make your diet more varied and deliver many nutrients. But all supplements should be consumed in limited quantities. In addition, you should refrain from unnecessary experiments and consult with a specialist before them.
The volume of ready-made cereal mixtures can be up to 0.06 kg per day. It is important to know that the grain is occasionally exchanged for a white loaf. Since the animal is one of the rodents, dried corn and seeds will become a treat for it.
The daily diet must necessarily include apples, carrots, bell peppers. From field greens, clover leaves, plantain leaves, and dandelions are suitable.
We must not forget about the supply of the animal with protein. Two or three times a week are added to food:
- skim cheese;
- boiled hard-boiled egg;
- boiled chicken;
- low fat fish.
All animal products must be thoroughly cooked to avoid fiber retention.
Plant foods can also be a valuable source of protein. They give boiled or dried peas, beans or chickpeas. The animal will be happy and kefir. Hamsters should be fed in the mornings and evenings, given that the Syrian individuals often feast on at night.
Monotonous food is categorically unacceptable. A variety of cereals and dried fruits can be added to the composition of dry food. Carrots and pumpkins, zucchini, cucumbers, radishes, bell peppers can be added both raw and lightly boiled. Be sure to put in the feeder:
- other forest and garden berries;
- lettuce leaves;
- scalded leaves of young nettle.
How to feed a Syrian hamster?
Hamsters, including Syrian ones, can please the owners, but only on one condition that the food is organized correctly. There is no point in experimenting when you can find out the main points from standard recommendations.
For turning teeth, you can feed the hamster hard pasta or crackers from time to time. The animal must have continuous access to clean fresh water. Noticing a digestive disorder, sunflower oil or boiled crushed rice is introduced into the diet. It is important to know that if such techniques do not immediately help, then you must immediately contact your veterinarian. From field and other plants, it is appropriate to add:
Tarragon, dandelion or wormwood should be used much more carefully. All herbs can be collected only in ecologically clean places, that is, away from roads, factories and boiler houses, from power plants. The herbs must be thoroughly washed with running water and dried carefully. Only branches from fruit plants are used to sharpen teeth.
Only the pulp should be taken from the pumpkin. Of course, the use of plants grown with added nitrates and pesticides is unacceptable. Root crops must be scrupulously washed. Don’t give hamsters potato skins. All additives are cut into pieces that the animal can eat.
For what vegetables you can give your hamster, see the video below.
What can not be given
Rodents are considered omnivores. But some foods should not be given to hamsters. Feeding hamsters with the following foods can cause health problems and even death.
Syrian hamsters should not be given the following foods: fats of any origin, salt, sugar, chemical additives, spices, needles, plant bulbs, sour fruits, berries and plants, citrus fruits, cabbage, mint, garlic, most dairy products, berry and fruit seeds, mushrooms. sprouts and peels of potatoes, loaf, baked goods, food for birds or other animals, canned food and smoked products.
The above products should be completely excluded from the animal’s diet. Adequate nutrition is a very important element of a comfortable and long life for your hamster.
How to feed a Syrian hamster
A complete and varied diet is a guarantee of the health and vitality of your pet. When choosing a diet for a hamster, the health and age of the animal should be taken into account. Consider what to feed the Syrian hamster, what foods can be included in the rodent’s diet, and what foods are prohibited.
What to feed a Syrian
In the wild, hamsters‘ diet includes cereals, fresh fruits, vegetables, berries and herbs, as well as protein-rich foods. worms, small insects, and sometimes mice.
At home, organizing food for your hamster will not be a hassle.
What To Feed Your Hamster | Hamster diets
Pay attention to the amount of nuts and seeds in the mix. The volume of these components should be kept to a minimum. Nuts and seeds are high in fat. Excessive use of this mixture contributes to an increase in fat mass, which will negatively affect the health of the baby.
You can prepare your own cereal feed. Pumpkin, watermelon and melon seeds can be added to this mixture. The amount of ingredients can be adjusted according to the preference of the pet.
Add fresh herbs to the rodent’s diet every day: plantain, burdock, lettuce, dill, parsley, clover, knotweed, nettle (treated with boiling water), wheat germ, oats and other seeds.
Dandelion, wormwood and tarragon can be added with caution.
If you collect grass yourself, choose places far from the road, for example, at a summer cottage. Before giving your pet to eat grass, rinse and dry thoroughly.
Fresh branches of fruit and deciduous trees are necessary for the rodent to grind down the constantly growing teeth. Hamsters can be given branches of the following trees: apple, maple, poplar, pear, cherry, ash, birch and some others.
Cut a twig in environmentally friendly places and treat the treat before feeding: rinse and remove knots.
Hamsters enjoy eating nutrient-rich vegetables. It is recommended to feed the rodents with carrots, cucumbers, pumpkin (without peel), bell peppers, zucchini, radishes, turnips and beets. Choose foods carefully before feeding. Vegetables containing chemicals such as nitrates can negatively affect the health of hamsters. Pesticides, even in small quantities, can cause poisoning.
It is not recommended to add fruits with rotten areas to food. Vegetables must be peeled and cut into small pieces. Small slices will be more convenient for your pet to eat.
Sugary fruits contribute to weight gain, so hamsters should avoid consuming them daily. The following fruits can serve as a treat for your pet: apples, pears, bananas, peaches, and apricots.
Remove seeds and seeds from fruits, cut into small pieces, peel and serve in small portions.
In nature, hamsters feast on berries. Can be fed with strawberries, strawberries, raspberries or grapes. Choose ripe fruits, wash them thoroughly.
A small body also needs protein foods. The most useful sources of protein for a rodent are: chicken and quail eggs, boiled chicken breast, lean fish, low-fat cottage cheese, fresh green peas, chickpeas soaked in water, insects and worms.
Do not overuse protein foods. The recommended rate is 2-3 protein days per week. Alternate foods.
What to feed an old hamster?
By the age of two, the hamster becomes old, lethargic, appetite is lost, teeth are almost completely grinded. The animal is not able to eat rough food. Grind nuts and seeds. Chop fruits and vegetables. Dry mixes should also be present in the diet to normalize digestion. You can also give baby puree.
How to feed an adult hamster?
An adult hamster should be fed foods rich in vitamins and minerals. The diet of the Syrian hamster should be as varied as possible. Treat the animal with fruits, vegetables, fresh herbs. Make sure that there is no spoiled food in the cage. Check for water in the drinker.
How to feed a pregnant female?
Hamsters become pregnant for about 20 days. At this time, the female needs useful trace elements. High-protein foods, fresh herbs, cereals, and sprouted seeds should be included in the daily menu. Mineral stone or chalk can be used as a treat. Food should be varied and complete.
How to water the animal
Juicy foods are not enough to maintain the water balance in the rodent’s body. It is imperative to put a drinking bowl with water in the rodent’s cage. You need to update it every day.
How to feed a hamster (Dzungarian and Syrian)?
Many families, especially with small children, give birth to hamsters as pets, among which the most common are Dzungar and Syrian. But not everyone knows that, in order for the animals to live and be healthy, you should not give them scraps from your table. So what should you feed your hamster?
How to water hamsters
We have more or less figured out how to feed a domestic hamster, but not many people know that it also needs to be watered. There is an opinion that the animal gets enough water from food, but this is a mistake.
In fact, it is necessary to water it, only a simple bowl or plate can be easily overturned by it. Therefore, there are special sippy cups on sale, the water from which cannot be poured.
How to feed Dzungarian hamsters, as well as Syrian hamsters, except for purchased food
You should periodically treat them with some types of fruits and vegetables, rich in juice and vitamins. However, do not forget that the portions should be small.
Among the vegetables that are useful for a small rodent, it should be noted:
- pumpkin pulp;
Also, a Syrian hamster, whose food must necessarily include greens, will gladly treat itself to lettuce and celery leaves, parsley and dill.
From herbs, the foliage of clover and dandelion is suitable for him. But you should not give the animal plants plucked from city lawns near highways. They absorb all harmful substances and carry in themselves not a benefit, but rather a threat to the health of a living being.
In addition to food, when caring for hamsters, hamsters need vitamins and minerals contained in special food supplements for good health. True, most often the animals do not like them and refuse to use them.
General recommendations: how to feed hamsters at home
Food for hamsters should contain a lot of calories, no less than food for their wild counterparts. The basis of the diet is a special mixture of grains of different types, which is given to the animal up to twice a day. over, the portions are not divided equally. The fact is that the hamster behaves calmly during the day, and becomes more active in the late afternoon, therefore, in the first feeding he is offered a smaller part of the daily norm, and in the second. a larger.
- sunflower seeds;
- soft grass;
The same diet is suitable for Dzungarian hamsters.
When purchasing food for feeding a hamster at home, you need to inspect the packaging and make sure that it is intended specifically for these animals, and also see if the expiration date has passed.
Depending on the breed of the animal, the daily food intake is from 1 to 3 teaspoons of the grain mixture.
What should not be fed to hamsters
It is already known how you can feed the Dzungarian hamsters, as well as the Syrian ones, now let’s talk about the main types of products that are strictly prohibited for these animals:
- Cabbage, potatoes, all types of citrus fruits, kiwi, garlic and onions can seriously disrupt the digestive system of the animal and lead to its death.
- Raw pasta. biting through it can cause serious injury to the animal.
- Branches of coniferous plants. they emit resins that are harmful to the health of animals.
- Food for birds and rodents of other species. it does not contain all the necessary substances, and may also include harmful.
- Spicy, salty, peppery food, various seasonings. can cause irreparable harm to health.
- Sugar and foods containing it can ruin teeth and cause diabetes.
- Watermelons, sorrel, fruit and berry seeds. can cause serious malfunctions in the body.
- Fatty and fried foods can be rejected by the digestive system.
What can you feed Jungar hamsters, as well as Syrian hamsters: the difference in their diet
Next, let’s talk about the difference between Dzungarian and Syrian hamsters. The former are very small in size, three times smaller than the latter. Dzungariki are somewhat similar to mice and have a corresponding color. Syrian hamsters have a golden color and a more spectacular appearance. The conditions of detention for both animals are approximately the same.
There is little difference in nutrition between these two types of domestic rodents. It is due to the characteristics of their natural habitat. The Dzungarian hamster lives in the wild in arid steppes and semi-deserts. In this regard, most of the liquid consumed is contained in feed, and only a tiny fraction is received in pure form.
Be sure to take this into account before feeding your hamster. He does not need a constant presence in the cage of a reservoir filled with water. If a Dzungarian hamster lives in your home, it is better to saturate it with very juicy fruits and vegetables.
The rodents in question, in nature, like to store food in order not to starve in winter. They carry them in cheek pouches and hide them in secluded places. Living in a cage, the animals do the same. But some foods spoil very quickly, and their subsequent use can result in serious poisoning. Therefore, before feeding a Jungarik or Syrian hamster, it does not matter, you should make sure that he does not have any rotting food supplies hidden anywhere, to which he will gladly add a new portion.
When thinking about what you can feed your hamster, take into account the above feature and offer him a minimum of perishable food.
How to feed your hamster
When choosing food, you need to take into account the age, habits, health of the pet. To find the right diet, you should familiarize yourself with the nature and behavioral characteristics of rodents in the wild. Hamsters drink little liquid, they save the bulk of the feed, so if your pet tries to bury food in a secluded place in the cage, do not interfere with it, but rather reduce the portion of food.
Do’s and don’ts for hamsters?
Grain mix. The feed should be in the form of pellets or a mixture of seeds. Most often these are cereals (oats, wheat), millet, corn, seeds (pumpkin, watermelon, sometimes sunflower), peas, beans. Sometimes you can give nuts: cashews, pine nuts, peanuts, walnuts. Also, the food may include dried berries, pieces of fruit. an additional delicacy for rodents. The feeder should not always be empty, since then the hamster will think that the food is running out and will begin to make strategic supplies. In winter and autumn, hamsters can be given a whole grain loaf; in summer, its consumption is reduced.
Green food. All greens should be collected away from highways, if possible outside the city. You can give dandelion leaves, plantain leaves, clover leaves, meadow herbs, lettuce, beet and carrot tops. Sprouted grains (oats and wheat) are also useful for hamsters. In winter, rodents should not be short of hay. For grinding the incisors, they give tree branches (previously washed and scalded with boiling water). apple, linden, maple, birch, willow, raspberries, black currants, rose hips, pears and others.
Vegetables and fruits. You can and should add pieces of vegetables and fruits to the rodent’s diet. It can be carrots, zucchini, beets, tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes, pumpkin, bell peppers. As for fruits, these are pieces of apples, peaches, apricots, bananas, pears; in winter, you can give soaked unsweetened dried fruits. Berries. strawberries, currants, wild strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, cherries.
“Crickets should make up about 3% of the diet of small rodents, which will significantly improve the health of the animal. This is especially important when children are born to the animal.” Anneke Vermelin-Slick reported. European expert and pet breeder with over 45 years of experience. For the past 15 years, Anneke has been Secretary of the Dutch Standards Committee for Rabbits and Rodents, as well as a member of the board (and former chairman) of the Dutch Rodent Club.
ONTO Biotechnology has launched the production of canned feed crickets. This is a unique product that contains only whole, fresh crickets without any preservatives, chemicals or medicines. Insects were grown on our own eco-farm, under the strict supervision of specialists. Therefore, the cricket is very beneficial for rodents.
House cricket (Acheta domesticus) is a dietary, healthy product containing a lot of protein, calcium, chitin, 9 amino acids, Omega-3 and Omega-9 polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin B12, oligosaccharides. These insects are low in fat, so the animals will not gain excess weight.
It is recommended to give fresh food in the morning and grain in the evening. It is less likely that the hamster will “dig in” a perishable product in stock. When choosing ready-made food, try to take mixtures that include a minimum of sunflower seeds: hamsters love this delicacy very much and often choose only it from the bowl, and the rest of the food disappears. The packaging must be airtight, it indicates the expiration date and the composition of the product. pay attention to this.
You can not give the hamster products from your table, exotic fruits, mushrooms, flour, fatty dairy products, sweets, garlic, onions, sorrel, cabbage.
How to feed your hamster
The hamster is a cute, funny animal that is interesting to watch, and it brings joy and fun to the house. That is why, when acquiring this little animal, we often do not understand that its nutrition should be taken more than seriously. Eating from a man’s “lordly” table is completely unacceptable for a hamster. Some foods can make the animal very sick. Therefore, in order for your little pet to delight you with its virtuosity for a long time, it is better to know exactly what to feed him.
In ancient times, hamsters were wild animals. They lived mainly in the steppes, where the choice of food is not too loose. If the hamster found grain, then, as a thrifty rodent, he always took it to his burrow, because he knew that it would be tight in winter, and he needed to stock up for all the cold weather. Such “thrifty” of rodents due to the massive destruction of crops, of course, is not welcomed by agronomists. Also in the wild, hamsters, in addition to grain, eat larvae and caterpillars.
It is interesting! Wild hamsters living in a harsh environment can pose a huge danger to animals that are much smaller than them. In addition to plant foods, hamsters do not disdain small animals, carrion and insects.
If you brought a hamster home, get ready to feed it with food that must contain all the necessary trace elements and all the vitamin composition: we are talking about vegetables. In winter, unlike in summer, the hamster should be given more nutrients along with food, which will contain carbohydrates, protein foods, and fats. Among other things, the animal must have fresh water next to the food.
Remember that keeping hamsters is not so difficult, the main thing is that you responsibly approach the issue of feeding this smart animal. Therefore, we decided to familiarize you in detail with which products are preferable to give to the hamster, and which are strictly prohibited for him.
What can and cannot be fed to hamsters??
What is a balanced and correct diet for a pet hamster? What he needs to be given daily, what is better to limit, and what to feed is prohibited?
This is why the safest food for your pet is only one that you or someone you know has grown in your own garden.
Fact! Two adult hamsters are killed every year from chemically treated cucumbers or salads.
Be sure to include in your hamster’s daily diet:
To feed your hamster in case of diarrhea or constipation, you can give:
- Groats boiled in water. Before boiling cereals, they should be soaked in water in advance.
- Rice boiled in plain water. It helps the hamster with diarrhea and intestinal disorders.
- A drop of sunflower oil is added to the basic diet for constipation.
What you can give your pet hamster in small doses:
- Several vegetables and fruits, except for any types of cabbage, exotic fruits, beets.
- Sweet drying, unsalted popcorn.
- Any nuts. walnuts, hazelnuts, or sesame seeds.
What hamsters cannot be fed
We have already written that it is strictly forbidden to give domestic hamsters any exotic fruits, spicy, salty, peppery or too sweet, as well as fatty food for which the small digestive system of the animal is not at all designed.
This means that honey, any sweets, kozinaki, ice cream, halva and shortbread dough are contraindicated for a hamster: for a pet it is a slowly killing poison. The rodent’s diet should be absent. any milk, butter, cream, kefir and sour cream. Cabbage, fried, meat, chocolate products, pasta, loaf, breadcrumbs are contraindicated for the pet, as they include an ingredient that is dangerous for the hamster. Yes, yes, do not be surprised, a loaf of hamsters should not be given, but only grain.
Naturally, garlic, hot peppers, onions, sorrel should not be given to a rodent. Do not forget about melons and watermelons, as well as apricot or cherry pits, which contain acid harmful to the hamster.
Always make sure that your hamster eats only fresh, not spoiled food and feed, ripe fruits and vegetables, and has the required amount of fresh water. This is the only way your playful pet will delight you and your family for a long time with its cheerfulness, activity and healthy appearance.!
Features of the diet of hamsters
A hamster’s diet depends on its species. Dzungarian hamsters’ diet includes fruits and vegetables. After all, dzungariki are steppe hamsters. They are used to eating “juicy” food, getting liquid from it.
Syrian hamsters in nature live in meadows (sowing), forest-steppe and at the foot of the mountains. Therefore, they like to eat wheat, oats, corn, seeds and greens.
Hamsters love to stock up on food. Therefore, if the bowl is empty, this does not mean that the hamster has eaten everything. Perhaps he hid the food in a secluded place.
The serving size should be small. Then hamsters will have less supplies.
The number of meals for all types of hamsters should be at least twice a day (morning and evening).
The hamsters should be fed properly. Add vitamins to your hamster’s diet in winter.
- Vegetables. tomato and cucumber, zucchini, pumpkin.
- Greens. fresh beet leaves, oat and wheat sprouts.
- Fruit. apple, pear.
- Grain. watermelon seeds, oats, millet.
Add dried fruits, peas and beans (dried) to the diet of a Dzungarian hamster 1-2 times a month.
The best food for hamsters
When buying feed, pay attention to the packaging. It must be sealed and not damaged. It is important that moisture does not get into the dry mixture, otherwise the food will be covered with mold.
Study the composition of hamster food: it should not contain many sunflower seeds. They are high in calories and harm the pet’s health. The composition of a good food must contain dried fruits and grains.
- Homka is the Zoomir trademark. Contains natural cereals, dried fruits and vegetables.
- “Animals”. the company “ZOOMIR”. Contains a complete formula for an active and healthy pet life.
- “Chika”. organic food for Dzungarian hamsters. Contains natural ingredients. The composition of the feed is designed taking into account the characteristics of Jungar hamsters.
Ideal hamster food formulations include:
- not less than 14% proteins;
- no more than 8% fat;
- 5-8% fiber;
- vitamins A, E, phosphorus, calcium;
- cereals and legumes;
- dry vegetables and fruits (lumpy or in granules).
The feed should not contain:
- a lot of sunflower seeds and nuts (high-calorie foods);
- exotic fruits;
- vegetables with a high m of starch (harmful to the hamster’s digestion);
- salty and sweet ingredients.
Choose food for your hamster taking into account individual characteristics. For dwarf hamsters, food should be “convenient” in size so that it can be easily hidden in the cheeks.
Introduce the new food gradually so that the hamster gets used to it. Remove uneaten food so that it does not spoil and does not lead to an upset stomach in the pet.
The portion of food depends on the size of the hamster and ranges from one to four tablespoons.
What to feed hamsters: permitted and prohibited foods
Syrian hamsters, dzungariki, Roborovsky hamsters (named after the Russian naturalist V.I. Roborovsky) and Campbell hamsters (in honor of the British consul Charles W. Campbell) are suitable for home keeping.
The conditions of keeping and the diet of the hamster depend on:
- rodent activity;
- the frequency of reproduction (in females. the number of cubs born);
- pet health;
Permitted foods for hamsters
The diet of Syrian hamsters is not much different from the diet of Dzungariks and other domestic hamsters. The diet should be balanced and include vitamins (fruits, vegetables and herbs). There is one difference. Syrian hamsters feed mainly on grains. Therefore, the basis of the diet is wheat grains, oats, seeds.
- bell pepper, tomato and cucumber;
- vegetables containing little starch: carrots, beets, zucchini;
- grain crops. millet, oats, seeds;
- boiled egg;
- dried fruits;
- berries. currants, blueberries, strawberries, cherries and cherries;
- fruits. apple and pear.
Instead of water, sometimes give your hamster milk: it is rich in protein. Boil the milk and watch the fat content (up to 1.5% fat). But you cannot completely replace water with milk: this will cause digestive problems.
How to pamper hamsters
Give the listed foods to hamsters no more than once a week:
SAFE and UNSAFE foods for hamsters!
Banana can also be eaten by hamsters, but only “on special occasions” and in small quantities. The pet’s teeth are constantly growing and they need to be grinded on solid food, so banana should not be given to the pet often. Make sure your hamster doesn’t hide this sweet treat, as banana is a perishable fruit.