How often to feed a red-eared turtle
The frequency of feeding a turtle depends on several factors, the main of which are the animal and its individual characteristics. Thus, feeding adult red-eared turtles will take up a minimum amount of time from their owners. The older the reptile gets, the less often it is fed. For some individuals, one serving per week is sufficient. However, there are some nuances.
If the pet’s diet is preferably plant-based, the feeding frequency is increased. Meat and fish need more time to digest, besides, animal food saturates the body of the turtle for a long time. However, at the same time, you should equip the flora of the aquarium so that the pet, if desired, can have a snack with algae.
7 essential ingredients for feeding a red-eared turtle
In the second year of life, experienced turtle breeders gradually introduce most of the plant foods into the reptile’s diet. These include:
- Fruits (apples and pears, some citrus fruits, peaches and plums);
- Vegetables (broccoli, tomatoes, cucumbers, legumes, carrots, beets, etc.);
- Green plants (meadow grass, lettuce);
- Occasionally small quantities of mushrooms (champignons, boletus);
- Aquarium kelp and dried seaweed.
As the animal matures, herbal ingredients are added to her diet. Although a variety of algae and grasses seem to be the safest food for your turtle, some aquatic and terrestrial flora can harm your turtle. Red-eared reptiles eat algae growing in the aquarium with appetite. Most often, breeders place spirogyra sprouts, duckweed and pond algae in aquariums. But the juice of poisonous elodea will poison the turtle, and the animal may die.
Like any other food, vegetables, fruits and mushrooms need to be processed and cut into small pieces. Some inexperienced owners try to feed red-eared pets with seeds with seeds or even orange peels. Even if the animal eats an inedible dish, this can lead to unpleasant consequences.
Professional breeders of red-eared pets treat artificial feed with a fair amount of skepticism. Everyone knows that natural food is much healthier than semi-finished products. In addition, most manufacturers, when creating ready-made feeds, do not take into account the peculiarities of the turtle’s body, and slightly modify dry fish food, selling it under a different name. Of course, you shouldn’t feed your turtle with such a dubious product.
Vitamins and Mineral Supplements for Turtles
Sometimes even feeding exclusively with natural products does not guarantee that the body of the red-eared turtle will develop correctly. An important stage in the maturation of this reptile is the formation of bones and shells. To strengthen the skeleton, experts advise feeding the turtles with food containing vitamin supplements once a week.
Bone meal is most commonly used as source of calcium for building skeletal and carapace cells, a pinch of which is added to the reptile’s food. Juveniles need a daily dose of calcium, while an adult turtle will need one teaspoon of flour per week. If the owner of a water turtle does not have the opportunity to feed his pet with healthy flour, you can use ground eggshells of a raw egg for this purpose.
How to feed red-eared turtles at home
Despite the fact that red-eared turtles are unpretentious in food and are omnivorous creatures, the basis of nutrition for reptiles should be food with a high protein.
The approximate diet of a red-eared turtle includes the following components:
- Meat and offal of animal origin.
- Various types of fresh fish and seafood, dried plant food.
- Plant foods. herbs, fruits and vegetables.
In addition to this list of foods, additional nutrition in the form of vitamins and minerals is necessary for the healthy development of the turtle. This is especially true at the stage of adulthood of an individual, whose growing organism needs microelements. If your pet regularly eats fresh meat, fish and vegetables, taking vitamins is not necessary. However, some owners, trying to save money on keeping a pet, feed the turtle exclusively with semi-finished products, which are of very dubious benefit. In this case, a course of vitamins is vital.
It is important to remember that turtles’ diet is highly age dependent. Young individuals who have not reached the age of one year take the necessary elements for the development of the body in animal products. It is recommended to feed an adult turtle more varied, adding plant foods to the diet.
When purchasing a water turtle, the owner of a reptile should be prepared to spend money on healthy pet food. Meat and by-products should be presented as the main source of protein and vitamin A in the diet. Turtles love to eat the following types of meat:
- Rabbit meat;
- Lean poultry meat;
Fatty pork and lamb are contraindicated for turtles. Meat is rarely given raw, but more often the product needs to be boiled so that pathogenic bacteria do not enter the animal’s body. Regular consumption of raw meat can lead to the development of rickets.
How many times a day should a red-eared turtle be fed?
For a turtle of any age, one portion of feed per day is enough. Very young individuals are fed daily, over time, increasing the period of abstinence to a week.
The red-eared turtle is a predatory reptile, so its diet must necessarily include animal products. The owner of the shell can be fed the following types of meat and fish food:
- Boiled and raw lean meat (poultry, veal, lamb);
- Sea and river fish treated with hot water;
- Seafood (octopus, squid, mussels, etc.);
- Various types of insects;
- Small mice.
Especially important is the intake of protein and calcium, which are the main components of animal feed, for young individuals. The state of the skin of the animal, its bones and the general health of the pet directly depend on what the red-eared turtle eats.
What can not be fed to a red-eared turtle
Despite the fact that this armored reptile is considered an omnivorous creature, there is a certain list of products that are categorically contraindicated for this animal. The list of foods harmful to turtles includes the following components:
- Poisonous land plants and algae (elodia, ambulia, legenandra);
- Plant and animal products containing a large amount of oscalates, phosphorus, purines (tomatoes, cabbage, raw liver, fatty meat, etc.);
- Etched and poisonous insects;
- Toothed locusts and grasshoppers;
- Fatty meat and fish;
- Loaf, potatoes, etc.
Many of the above foods contain substances that can lead to the development of diseases such as gout, goiter and iodine deficiency in your turtle. Seemingly useful phosphorus, interferes with the absorption of calcium, which also applies to oscalates.
Red eared turtle
The red-eared (yellow-bellied) turtle is a family of freshwater American turtles. This type of turtle is very popular among lovers of keeping various exotic animals at home.
When kept at home, the red-eared turtle should receive lean, preferably river fish. Turtles should be fed raw beef liver once for a couple of weeks. In addition, snails, crickets, forage cockroaches, earthworms, and also small aquarium fish should be included in the diet. Plant food items should consist of aquarium vegetation, lettuce, dandelion leaves and plantain.
The mineral stone Vitakraft Sepia must be present in the aquaterrarium. Many pet owners practice plant rations such as Tetra ReptoMin, Sera, and JBL. The most preferred product that should be given to turtles at least once a month is carrots. Until the age of one year, reptiles are fed every day, and then no more than once every two or three days.
Features of the arrangement of the aquarium (aquaterrarium)
A container for keeping red-eared turtles is more accurately called an aquaterrarium, while a number of requirements are imposed on such a container. The turtle is a freshwater animal, so there must be sufficient water in the aquaterrarium. The water should be clean and warm, with a temperature of 22 to 28 degrees. The volume of the turtle house is at least 200 liters.
It is imperative to purchase a special water heater, an ultraviolet lamp, a thermometer, a heating lamp, a filtration system and a lighting system. In the aquaterrarium, a small island should be provided, smoothly turning into the water. The area of this island is no less than ¼ of the entire area of the turtle’s dwelling. The island is not formed on the basis of soil or gravel.
A dwelling for a red-eared turtle is an environmentally friendly space that does not have toxic components and is absolutely safe for animals without the presence of sharp objects.
Caring for a red-eared turtle
Although turtles are unpretentious animals, they still require specific care. The presence of clean water is a guarantee of the health of the growing young stock and a guarantee of their active growth. Food that gets into the water begins to decompose and the water takes on a dirty, muddy appearance, indicating that it is time to change the water. To fill the aquaterrarium, you must use water that settles for a week (at least 5 days). It is very important to maintain optimal temperature conditions. To do this, you can use a conventional incandescent lamp aimed at the island. If necessary, the water is heated by a special heater. Much depends on the temperature regime in a person’s dwelling.
After some time, the turtle begins to eat on land, which simplifies this process and also reduces the degree of water pollution. It is desirable that the island for rest and eating should be distinguished not by a simple, but by a rough surface, then the turtle will be able to get out onto land without much effort. Individuals markedly different in size should not be kept within the same aquaterrarium.
Many people think that red-eared turtles are slow and clumsy. In fact, they are able to show miracles of activity, both in water and on land. Therefore, it is very important that the height of the walls of their dwelling does not allow them to get out. As a rule, the minimum wall height should be within 40 cm or less. If the turtle accidentally leaves the aquaterrarium, then it can get very serious injuries, falling from a height. As a result, a pet can die, not only from injury, but also from dehydration.
Red-eared turtle buying advice
Spring is the most suitable period for acquiring a pet. In warm seasons, it is much easier for an animal to adapt to new habitat conditions, especially since in warm seasons there is much more natural food. If you buy a turtle in the fall, then in such conditions the growth of the turtle slows down and it is more difficult for it to adapt to new conditions. In addition, during this period there is a risk of developing rickets or pneumonia against the background of vitamin deficiency.
First of all, you need to carefully examine the shell. It must be of the correct shape, free from scratches, deformations and other damage. At the same time, he must be firm, which will indicate the correct nutrition of the animal and its correct development. The skin should also be free of cracks and any stains. If the animal has sunken eyes, surrounded by a small “notch”, then this means that the animal is sick and suffers from dehydration. The turtle’s eyes should not have swelling, much less discharge. Her mouth should also be healthy, free of white patches, abrasions or wounds. In this case, you should pay attention to the behavior of the little turtle. If the animal is lethargic, then something is wrong with it.
It is very important to learn how to determine the sex of red-eared turtles yourself, while small individuals look exactly the same, regardless of gender. As they grow older, sexual characteristics begin to appear in full. Males mature a little faster than females and are ready to mate when the diameter of the shell is 10-12 cm, but the females are still large. Males have significantly longer claws located on the front paws and they also have a thicker and longer tail. Male cloaca is located almost in the center of the tail.
Description of the red-eared turtle
The yellow-bellied turtle got this name due to the presence of red stripes running from the eyes to the ears. Because of this unique feature, the red-eared turtle can be easily distinguished from other species of turtles kept in the human environment.
In young individuals, the shell is bright green, but as the turtle grows and develops, this shade becomes brown. In adults, original patterns can be seen on the shell, while each turtle can be special. The size of the tortoise is directly dependent on sex and can range from 18 to 30 cm. Oddly enough, but females are larger than males.
Health, disease and prevention
As a rule, most pets, including the red-eared turtle, get sick in most cases due to improper care and maintenance. Dirty and untreated water quickly leads to the fact that the turtle begins to feel bad, as it contains many harmful microorganisms. In this case, it is necessary to raise the temperature in her home by a couple of degrees in order to optimize the functioning of the immune system. It is also necessary to ensure that the animal does not experience a lack of moisture (water), otherwise, against this background, renal failure begins to develop, leading to disastrous consequences.
The fact that something is wrong with the turtle may indicate its behavior. When it floats, it can fall on its side or even sink to the bottom. If there are suspicions of infection, then it is advisable to treat all items of reptile care with an antiseptic that will not harm the animal. Symptoms of bacterial lesions are associated with the appearance of edema and necrotic changes. Such diseases require the use of antibiotics for treatment. In this case, you will have to completely replace the water in the aquaterrarium.
If the turtle is injured, an infection can enter its body, which leads to blood poisoning. As a result, the animal’s paws turn red, and the turtle becomes rather lethargic and inactive. This type of disease is practically not treated, especially on its own, so you will have to make a visit to qualified specialists. If you do not start treating your pet in a timely manner, the outcome can be very disastrous.
To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures, such as:
- Perform daily turtle inspection.
- Clean the aquaterrarium regularly.
- Carry out regular water changes.
- Organize a healthy diet.
- Prevent hypothermia.
- Monitor the operation of the heating, lighting and filtration system.
- Follow the rules of personal hygiene.
- From time to time, clean the turtle shell of algae.
- Adhere to the rules for keeping sick or newly purchased animals (quarantine mode).
- Avoid contact of a sick animal, both with family members and with pets.
- Constantly monitor the movement of the turtle outside its home.
- Periodically turn on the UV lamp and also expose to sunlight.
- Show the animal to the veterinarian from time to time.
In the case of improper nutrition, the turtle begins to lack calcium, which leads to curvature and softening of the shell. If there is too much calcium deficiency, the pet may die. In such cases, the veterinarian prescribes drugs with increased calcium in the injections. You should also know that calcium is absorbed due to the presence of vitamin “D” in the animal’s body. Vitamin D is produced by UV radiation, therefore it is very important to turn on the UV lamp regularly.
Three groups of turtles
What the turtle likes?
Turtles’ favorite foods are lettuce and dandelion leaves. they can even be dried for the winter. And also she is partial to vegetables and fruits. The main food consists of almost all plants, vegetables, fruits, berries that are not poisonous for turtles. Can be fed with field grasses and houseplants such as: aloe, pea stalks and leaves, tradescantia, alfalfa, timothy grass, lawn grass, plantain, runny, rhubarb, oat sprouts, barley, thistle, sorrel, coltsfoot.
The vegetable menu consists of peppers, beans, pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, radishes, beets, artichokes, this list will be supplemented by cucumber and horseradish, which should not be given in large quantities.
It is allowed to feed land turtles with a variety of fruits and berries: apples, apricots, plums, peaches, mangoes, bananas, oranges, tangerines, watermelon, raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, strawberries, blackberries, blueberries. Additional complementary foods are: mushrooms, dry commercial food, dry sea cabbage, young sunflower seeds, soybean meal, bran.
Food for carnivorous turtles should consist of 80% animal food and 20% vegetable. This group includes almost all types of aquatic and all young aquatic species, such as young red-eared, cayman, trionyx, marsh, musk, etc.
The main food for them is:
- Lean fish, live or thawed, with entrails and small bones. For young turtles, fish should be finely chopped (spine, excluding ribs) with bones, for adults. whole or in large pieces. Large bones can be chopped or chopped finely.
- Beef or chicken liver is given once a week;
- Seafood such as green (not pink) shrimp, seafood cocktail
- Mammals (small): naked mice, rats, runners.
All seafood, as well as fish, the turtle can only eat raw, do not give thermally processed food;
Complementary feed, which must be given once a week, is:
- Dry food for freshwater turtles, for example, in the form of sticks, tablets, flakes, granules, capsules, firms “Tetra”, “Sera”, etc.
- Insects: moth, forage cockroaches, grasshoppers, bloodworms, crickets, earthworms, gammarus and so on;
- Molluscs, amphibians, invertebrates: slugs, frogs, small snails with shells, tadpoles and similar marsh.
It is prohibited to give to predatory turtles:
- Meat (beef, chicken, pork, lamb, sausages, sausage, any kind of minced meat, etc.), as well as fatty fish, milk, cheese, loaf, fruit, dog or cat food, etc.
The menu of this group of turtles is based on plant food, which makes up 95% of the total diet, animal food consists of 5%.
Herbivores include: all land turtles, including radiant, flat, Central Asian, Greek, spider and others.
The main food of this group is:
- Greens, it makes up 80% of the entire menu (semi-dry or fresh salads, edible leaves, flowers, succulents, herbs.
- Vegetables. 15% of the diet (pumpkin, cucumbers, zucchini, carrots.)
- Fruits are not very sweet (apples, pears, etc.) 5% are presented in the menu.
Complementary feed is put once a week, it includes:
- Non-poisonous mushrooms such as russula, boletus mushrooms, champignons, etc.
- Dry balanced feed for land turtles of the brands “Sera”, “Tetra”, “Zumed”.
- Others: soybean meal, dry yeast, raw young sunflower seeds, bran, dry seaweed.
It is forbidden to give meat, this category includes: any minced meat, sausages, sausage, chicken, beef, pork, etc.). Also fish, milk, cheese, cat or dog food, a loaf.
What to feed a land turtle?
These animals are among the most unpretentious. Turtles eat a little, do not require special care. they are not difficult to keep at home. All land turtles are herbivorous reptiles. As mentioned above, their diet is 95% plant foods and 5% animals. Feeding inappropriate food for this group, such as meat, is fraught with disease.
What to feed a land turtle at home?
In natural conditions, turtles take care of themselves by choosing the right food. If necessary, they eat protein foods, as well as minerals that are necessary for the formation of the shell. If the turtle becomes a pet, then it completely falls on people, and the owner is engaged in its nutrition.
Common mistakes when feeding turtles
- Land herbivores are given animal food, while predators are fed only plant food.
- Fed too little or too often, leading to obesity and malformed torso and carapace or wasting and death.
- Vitamins and calcium are not added to food, which ends with the development of a crooked shell, vitamin deficiency, and also leads to limb fractures.
- Marsh turtles are only fed bloodworms, gammarus and other similar foods that are not the main food for turtles.
Now let’s take a closer look at the home-based diet of a land turtle.
The diet of this group of turtles should consist of 50 percent animal food and 50 percent vegetable. Omnivorous turtles include semi-aquatic and adult aquatic turtles, some species of land turtles: prickly, cuors, adult red-eared, Spengler, red-footed (coal), etc.
Their menu is half animal food, see the list above, and half vegetable, list below. Aquatic turtles are pampered with fish and seafood (as animal food), and terrestrial turtles are given mice.
- Plant food for aquatic species is plants growing in water,
- Land plants are given plants that live on land, fruits and vegetables are added to them.
Not allowed to turtles
It is undesirable to feed onions, garlic, spinach, spicy herbs, grasshoppers, crickets, domestic cockroaches, poisonous insects, cherries, eggshells (causes salmonellosis), feed one type of vegetable or fruit.
Prohibited foods include:
- Medicinal, which contain alkaloids,
- Indoor (dieffenbachia, euphorbia, azalea, elodea, ambulia, oleander, elodea.
- Vitamin D2 and gamavit (toxic to reptiles).
- Milk, loaf, citrus peel, from fruits and berries, seeds, pet food, “human” food, including cereals (with the exception of oatmeal, which is not cooked, but soaked in water or vegetable juice, it should be given no more than 1 time per month), meat, any cooked foods.
From malnutrition, the animal begins irreversible changes in the liver, which can lead to a much shorter life.
What can you feed your red-eared turtles in the summer at home? These reptiles are very fond of various insects, which begin their vigorous activity in the warm season.
The following types of insects can be included in the amphibian menu:
In order to properly maintain reptiles, it is worth including in the menu not only animal feed, but also plant feed mixtures. Plants can be fed to young and adults, and with age, the amount of this food should increase.
It is imperative that when keeping a turtle in an aquarium, the menu must contain the following plant components:
- Various types of grass. Amphibians should be fed with plantain, clover, dandelion leaves and flowers, rhubarb. The turtles are especially fond of the leaves of coltsfoot, sprouted grains of oats and barley;
- Reptiles will be happy to eat plums, banana pulp, pear pieces, juicy pitted peach, mango, it is advisable to cut all these fruits into small pieces. You can also give orange, tangerine, pieces of melon pulp;
- Freshwater animals can eat aquarium vegetation. In the aquarium, you can plant duckweed, spirogyra, aquatic watercress, pond algae;
- Be sure to include vegetables in the menu. The most favorite vegetables are bell peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplants, squash, pumpkin, radishes, celery, legumes, carrot roots, beets. But white cabbage and other varieties of this vegetable should not be given;
- Once every 7 days, the turtle can be given pieces of mushrooms such as boletus, champignons, russula.
Important! Can reptiles be given food from the human table (loaf, cheese, cottage cheese, sausage, porridge and others)? In no case, it can negatively affect the activity of the organs of the digestive system. Also, don’t feed pet food, citrus peels, and pitted berries.
Fish and seafood
Fish can be used as feed, but it must be of a low-fat variety. But what kind of fish you can feed the reptile the veterinarian can tell.
Be sure to properly prepare it before feeding:
- First of all, the carcass is cleaned of scales;
- Next, take out all the insides and bones;
- The peeled fillets are cut into small pieces and after that they can be lowered into the aquarium or put in a feeder;
- It should be borne in mind that the fish contains the enzyme thiaminase, therefore, before giving it to the turtle, it is better to lower the peeled fillet in boiling water for a few minutes.
It is allowed to give a cocktail made from marine components in its raw form. This royal treat usually includes ingredients such as green shrimp, octopus and squid. Feed your reptiles with snail meat, this ingredient is considered an excellent addition to the main diet.
Do not keep your turtle in an aquarium with aquarium fish. Fish such as guppies, swordtails, goldfish, carp, catfish are excellent food for amphibians.
Is it required to include mineral and vitamin supplements
Additional fortified supplements are required for young individuals, in which the formation of the bone skeleton, strengthening and construction of the shell occurs. It is during this period that they need an increased level of calcium.
So what additives should be included in the reptile menu:
- Every day, add ground bone meal to the food. A pinch is enough for small turtles, but for adults it is recommended to pour 1 teaspoon into the aquarium every 7 days;
- You can mix special vitamin products into the feed. Dosages are usually indicated in the instructions;
- The menu can include fortified feed mixtures.
What to feed baby turtles
What can you feed a small red-eared turtle in captivity? After all, it is important that reptile cubs have full development and good health immediately from the first days. And their well-being is directly dependent on a balanced diet.
When compiling a menu for small turtles, the following important recommendations should be considered:
- The diet should be balanced and varied;
- It is better for cubs to be given more food of animal origin;
- Sea or river fish is considered useful, it should be almost 80% of the menu;
- The remaining 20% should be crustaceans, offal, molluscs, insects;
- Guppies, mollies, swordtails can be put into the aquarium for babies.
How to feed red-eared turtles at home. Tips & Tricks.
Red-eared turtles have an unusual exotic appearance that simply attracts attention. In addition, reptiles have an unpretentious character and do not require special care, it is these qualities that provide them with such frenzied popularity among pet breeders. But still you need to know what to feed the red-eared turtle, because it is the correct diet that affects the general condition of this amphibian animal.
It is recommended to feed the red-eared turtle at home with food of an animal species. It should be 70% in the diet. These reptiles are very fond of meat products, but preference should be given to beef, horse meat, poultry. They can also be given fish, seafood, they do not mind eating insects.
When kept in an aquarium, the reptile can be fed with meat. But it is better to use non-fatty varieties. beef, rabbit meat, they will be happy to eat small pieces of chicken. But such types of meat as pork and lamb should not be given, the fact is that these varieties have a high fat content. The use of these varieties can cause disruption of the activity of the organs of the digestive system.
What meat food should you feed your turtle:
- The diet should contain offal. heart, liver, navels;
- Low-fat meat. It can be given raw or boiled. To turtles it should be given in small pieces;
- Turtles can be fed with small mice.
Note! If you constantly give your pet raw meat, then this can quickly lead to the development of hypovitaminosis A, as well as to the appearance of rickets. For this reason, several different foods need to be included in the diet.
How to feed turtles
How to feed red-eared turtles properly? How many times a day should I feed a red-eared turtle? These questions are of interest to many breeders of these reptiles, but there is no exact answer to them. Everything may depend on the age of the reptile, its body size, the types of feed mixtures that pets eat.
But you can take note of some useful recommendations:
- Individuals up to 1 year old can be given plant components, and low-fat varieties of fish and meat can also be included. They need to be fed every day;
- Individuals from 1 year old and older can be fed less, usually they switch to a diet. 1 every two days. The amount of feed will depend on the size of the reptile.
Knowing what a turtle of this species eats, as well as the rules of feeding, will ensure a long period of life for this reptile in an apartment or house. The pet will be able to please its owner with a healthy and beautiful appearance, as well as an active lifestyle. The main requirement is correct and careful care of amphibians.
The diet should contain bell peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini, eggplants. Pumpkins, radishes, legumes, carrots and beets are indispensable. Broccoli, celery, dry seaweed are given as an additional feed.
For red-eared turtles, animal food should make up 70% of the total daily diet. Turtles love meat (horse meat, beef, poultry), fish and seafood, they do not mind eating insects.
It is preferable to feed lean beef, rabbit meat, pieces of poultry. It is not recommended to give pork and lamb, as this food is too fat and it will be difficult for turtles to digest it. The diet should contain offal: heart, liver, navels. Meat can be served raw or boiled, pre-cut into small cubes.
Some turtles happily eat small mice.
But do not forget that constant feeding of raw meat leads to hypovitaminosis A, rickets develops. Therefore, food should be varied.
Fruits and berries
It is recommended to cut plums, apples, pears, banana, peach, mango into small pieces and offer the turtle as a treat. Mandarin, orange, apricot and melon. also suitable for animal feeding.
Do turtles need mineral and vitamin supplements??
In young animals, a bone skeleton is formed and a shell is being built, so they need calcium. Ground bone meal should be added to food every day. One pinch will be enough for a small turtle, for older specimens it is necessary to add 1 tsp. Per week.
It is recommended to mix special vitamins for turtles into food in the doses or quantities indicated on the package.
Vitamin feeds have a short shelf life. Therefore, do not give them to turtles after the expiration date.
Fish and seafood
Low-fat varieties are suitable for feeding. The fish is cut into pieces, large bones are taken out and placed in a feeder.
Raw fish contains the enzyme thiaminase, so before feeding it to the turtle, put the fish in hot water for a couple of minutes.
In its raw form, you can give “sea cocktail”, which includes green shrimp, pieces of octopus and squid. Snail meat (large pond snail, coil, marise) and squid pieces are a good addition to food, but you should not make them the main food.
Turtles do not get along with fish in an aquarium. Karasiks, guppies, goldfish, carps, swordtails. serve as food for them. Turtles eat them with pleasure.
It is preferable to plant duckweed, spirogyra, aquatic watercress, pond algae. Turtles do not even allow plants to grow a little. they are eaten in an instant. You should refrain from planting elodea! The plant produces poisonous sap and poses a danger to animals.
Pieces of boletus mushrooms, mushrooms, russula are recommended to be given to animals no more than 1 time per week.
Human food is not suitable for turtles! They will also happily eat food intended for other animals, but it will not benefit the turtles. It is forbidden to feed with peel from citrus fruits, give berries with seeds.
As for feeding cockroaches, and even caught in the kitchen, it is better to refrain from such an undertaking, because these insects can crawl to you already poisoned.
Dried or live gammarus must be included in the diet. From time to time, you can feed with a coretra and daphnia. At this time, you must turn off the filter for 15 minutes.
What to feed land turtles
Most species of land turtles feed on plant foods. Therefore, if such a turtle is kept at home, then you need to be very careful about its diet. People who faced a pernicious problem began to maintain special nutrition journals for their pets:
As a rule, the menu is prepared in advance, with planning for every day. This takes into account all the necessary vitamin supplements, in the form of calcium and various amino acids. If you bought a turtle, and you don’t know how to feed it, then first you should at least make a preliminary planning of its diet. In the process of feeding, it will become clear how to adjust her nutrition. In order not to risk it, it is better to seek information from a specialist or “rummage” on the Internet, where there is a lot of useful information.
It is very important that the diet is optimal and balanced. The turtle should not be overfed, but it should not be allowed to starve. Her diet should include foods rich in essential vitamins and minerals to ensure the pet’s normal development and growth.
If the turtle eats a lot of different foods, it can negatively affect the health and longevity of the pet. Overeating can cause liver and gastrointestinal diseases in the turtle.
If the amount of food is insufficient, the turtle will not receive the required amount of nutrients, which can lead to defects in development.
Although land turtles eat mostly plant foods, care should be taken to ensure that the turtle consumes animal food as well. This may not be more than 5% of the total diet, but this is quite enough for its normal development.
Those who do not know how to feed this animal can purchase special artificial supplements with vitamins, proteins and other microelements. How many such additives are required to the main diet is indicated on the package.
A complete list of permitted plants and vegetables can be found here.
Do I need to water the turtle
As a rule, land turtles get the main dose of moisture from vegetables, fruits and greens. Most experts say that it is enough to provide the turtle with a bath of water once a week and it will not suffer from a lack of moisture. The fact is that turtles are able to replenish the lack of water through their skin. If the turtle swims in a bowl of water for 10 minutes, then this is quite enough for her.
There are cases that after purchasing a turtle, this small animal still suffers from a lack of moisture. In such cases, provide the turtle with daily baths of water for some time. Water must be poured to half of the body so that the head looks out of the water. For this purpose, at first, you can install a drinking bowl with clean water so that the turtle can drink at any time.
What do turtles eat in their natural habitat??
The diet of land turtles consists of plant foods. Being in natural conditions, the turtle consumes all the necessary nutrients to ensure its normal development. At the same time, the turtle always feels which microelements it lacks at one stage or another of its life, and it copes with this task perfectly, looking for the food that it needs.
The turtle can be in a state of searching for scarce food for a long time without damage to its health. You can learn a lot about these amazing animals by reading the relevant information on the Internet.
Turtle feeding in winter and summer
Despite the fact that the animal is in captivity, it can feel the approach of cold weather, which contributes to a change in taste preferences. In the summer, the turtle eats more juicy foods, then with the arrival of the colder season, it prefers soaked hay and less juicy vegetables. In any case, you need to monitor the behavior of the turtle, as well as the fact that it consumes more from food.
- Greens. 75%;
- Fruits, berries and vegetables. 15%;
- Complex dishes in the form of various cereals. 5%;
- Fortified supplements. 5%.
In the process of drawing up her diet, one must take into account the fact that certain substances, such as vitamin D3, can adversely affect her health. You should carefully study the list of prohibited substances for land turtles.
It should be remembered that animals that fall into captivity experience a shift in their behavior. With a lack of nutrients, she will begin to eat everything, including the land in the terrarium. To prevent this from happening, you should take great responsibility to the organization of your pet’s nutrition. With proper and balanced nutrition, the turtle will delight others for many years.
Therefore, before starting to feed the animal, you should draw up an approximate diet:
- As mentioned above, the basis of the diet is greens, in the form of lettuce and dandelion leaves, plantain and alfalfa, thistle and sorrel, lawn grass, as well as leaves and stalks of legumes (peas or beans). In addition to this greenery, turtles happily eat the inflorescences of various plants. The main component must always be in the feeder, and how much of it the reptile will decide.
- In second place are vegetables. Turtles love to feast on pumpkin seeds, fresh carrots, ripe zucchini, young beets and radishes. Once a month, the turtle can be given a taste of cucumber or horseradish.
- The list of berries and fruits must include apples and pears. From time to time, you can include apricots, plums, raspberries, strawberries, and also watermelon in the diet, but in small quantities.
What you can’t feed land turtles?
Unfortunately, the list of prohibited foods is extensive and should be consulted. This list includes cockroaches, crickets, eggshells, potatoes, garlic or onions, various meat products (including sausage and minced meat), a loaf, milk, various cereals (except rolled oats), citrus peels, cherries, seeds from any berries. These foods can cause liver disease, which can significantly shorten liver life. Therefore, when starting to draw up her diet, one should take into account the harmful effects of the above products on the turtle’s liver and not include them in the diet.
A complete list of prohibited foods can be found here.
While in captivity, the turtle tries to follow natural instincts and can hibernate. Naturally, this can be facilitated by certain conditions of detention associated with a decrease in the ambient temperature within the zone where the animal is kept. It can be not only winter but also summer hibernation. In nature, turtles hibernate for two main reasons. a cold snap or lack of the required amount of food. To prevent this from happening, you should maintain the temperature at the proper level, as well as provide the pet with a variety of food. It should always be remembered that even a turtle must sleep under certain conditions, which is extremely difficult to provide for her at home.
In order not to risk the health of a small pet, you need to provide her with an appropriate regime, which is at the border of the maximum level. In such conditions, the turtle is unlikely to think about its hibernation, especially if it has all the necessary food.
It is very important that the heating resembles the warmth that the turtle felt when exposed to the sun. Indeed, in the sun the turtle not only gets warm, but also receives a dose of UV radiation, which helps to better absorb calcium in the body. Without calcium, the turtle will not be able to develop fully and this should always be remembered. Therefore, the presence of a UV lamp is mandatory, as well as it must be turned on for several hours throughout the day.
From this it should be concluded that the future of a small pet completely depends on who cares for him. You should not think that the animal will grow up by itself, without proper care. Unfortunately, this is not the case, considering what dangers lie in wait for the little turtle, if you do not pay due attention to its content.