How to properly feed a month old German Shepherd puppy
4 Week old German Shepherd eating Solid food for the first time.
Feeding a German shepherd puppy at 1 month is not much different from feeding it up to 4 weeks, but there are still differences.
Correct feeding position
The shepherd boy has grown significantly in one month and stands confidently on all 4 legs. it’s time to get used to eating from a bowl located on a stand.
It is important to get used to this position during eating from an early age so that the baby does not develop the habit of throwing food out of the bowl and picking up pieces from the floor. once, and his exterior is correctly formed. two.
It will be difficult to wean from picking up pieces, but really, and it will be impossible to fix a humped back, high back and weak front pasterns.
The bowl should be at the height of the chest of a month-old puppy so that he can lower only the muzzle there. Under the paws of the shepherd, define a rug made of dense fabric so that the baby’s paws do not move apart, and the rug itself does not slip on the floor surface.
Special bowl for feeding shepherd dogs
As the German Shepherd grows, the height to which the bowl is raised should also “grow”.
Fat and oil
Additional fats and oils are added to the puppy’s diet at 1 month old. A young German shepherd dog should receive 2.6 g of fat per 1 kg of body weight per day. This means that at 1 month, the baby will need 10-15 g of animal fat (butter) or vegetable fat. Butter contains carotene, tocopherol, choline, phosphatites, vitamins A and D-2.
Vegetable contains polyunsaturated fatty acids, which promote metabolism and tone up the walls of blood vessels, and vitamin E, which is not found in animal products.
With a lack of fat, skin flaking, dandruff, hair depigmentation, hypovitaminosis and developmental delay are observed. The shepherd must eat fat according to a shift schedule: today. vegetable, tomorrow. animal.
What and how to feed a German Shepherd puppy in 1 month
A month-old German shepherd puppy is already familiar with a variety of foods and should eat 1 glass of feed per day. this is so, but you still need to focus not so much on the total volume, but on the general condition of the animal.
The feeding rate for each shepherd is individual, and it can only be established empirically.
The food should be eaten “in the lick”, and the well-fed baby should calmly move away from the bowl to its place and, most likely, go to bed. If the eater is puffy after breakfast or lunch, give him a little diluted milk with magnesia, and it is better to reduce the portion next time.
The poor fellow who is not eating will “scrape” the bowl with his tongue for a long time, asking for supplements with his whole appearance. However, at this point, you do not need to add anything to the bowl, so as not to accustom the dog to handouts and begging. The portion will be increased on the next feeding.
At 4-6 weeks, mineral feeding is introduced, which can be done independently:
- bone meal. 1 glass;
- phytin. 40 crushed tablets;
- glycerophosphate. 40 crushed tablets;
- calcium lactate. 20 crushed tablets;
- calcium gluconate. 20 crushed tablets;
- activated carbon. 20 crushed tablets;
- brewer’s yeast with sulfur or selenium. 450 g;
- white school chalk. 15 g;
- salt. 5 g.
Top dressing is given along with porridge for 0.5 tsp. daily up to 2 months. From 2 months, the same dose is given three times a day.
At a month and a half, German Shepherd puppies are given large articular sugar bones raw.
Potatoes and tomato paste
At 1.5 months, tomato paste and raw potatoes are added to the diet. High-quality tomato paste contains ascorbic acid, tocopherol, lycopene and beta-carotene. antioxidants that reduce the risk of developing complex diseases of internal organs. How many times to give tomato puree? Weekly dose for 6 weeks. ½ tsp, you can give the whole serving at once.
Raw potatoes, which, in addition to starch and a lot of nutrients, also contain potassium, which is necessary for the proper functioning of the heart, is necessary for water-fat metabolism and healthy kidney function. Potassium in 100 g of grated raw potatoes contains 2 times more than meat!
The norm is 1 tbsp. l. freshly grated potatoes with juice and pulp.
This is a real poison for living beings. Due to its minimal content, it is recommended to feed dogs:
- blue whiting.
Porridge and pastry
Cereals are source of carbohydrates easily absorbed by the body. In addition, the shepherd dog eats porridge with pleasure. For cooking, use a minimum of salt, vegetable oil, broths and vegetables.
It is better to buy buckwheat for a puppy not fried. Cooked rice should be crumbly without moisture. Rice water can be offered to a puppy for stomach upset.
The amount of porridge in the daily diet should not exceed 30%.
Semolina porridge is easy to digest, but contains a minimum of nutrients. It is not necessary in the puppy’s diet. It can be used as a tonic for stomach disorders. Contraindicated in dogs prone to obesity.
Pasta, loaf and white flour buns are not good for the shepherd. It is not recommended to give them to the puppy. The Germans are happy to eat crackers. As a delicacy, it is permissible to make rye, whole grain, dried rice slices without yeast.
Puppy diet at 2 and 3 months
The kid has grown up, and his body is already able to digest the vegetable fiber contained in vegetables, and requires additional minerals. This means that in addition to the usual cereals and meat products, you can start adding boiled carrots and a spoonful of unrefined vegetable oil to the porridge.
In the summer, only natural products are used as mineral supplements and vitamins: vegetables and fruits. Many babies love apples and watermelons given between feedings. In winter, with a lack of sunlight, the puppy should be given vitamin D in oil and raw carrots.
As a toy and a means for the development of the jaws, the puppy is given a large marrow, which he chews with gusto. For dogs living in an apartment, the bone is pre-boiled, and for puppies who have the opportunity to play in the courtyard of a private house, it is better to give the bone raw. This is due to the strong unpleasant smell that the improvised toy emits.
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The number of feedings is reduced: four meals a day are enough for the baby with about one glass of food.
How many times a day to feed a German shepherd
How often should you feed your pet? The recommended feeding scheme is twice a day. in the morning and in the evening. It is better not to violate the established diet.
The diet of an adult German Shepherd Dog depends on what it is fed: natural or ready-made rations. When feeding with natural food, the recommended daily food intake is 1.5 liters. This portion is divided into 2 parts.
When choosing industrial feed, you must follow the manufacturer’s instructions on the packaging.
The accumulation of pigment in the German Shepherd occurs in the first two years of life, and it depends to a large extent on nutrition whether the color is bright red or light. Many puppies are born almost black, with gray paws, and only by four months they acquire a characteristic bright red tan.
Little Germans take well the addition of grated fresh carrots and dry seaweed to their food. These products enhance the pigment in the coat, making the pet look more elegant.
With a lack of coloring pigments in food or ready-made food, the dog’s coat may look faded. In ready-made dry food designed specifically for German Shepherds, natural ingredients from beets, turmeric and other natural additives are used.
At 4 months, the puppy is fed 3 times a day, the portion volume is increased to 2 glasses, but the amount of food required for a particular baby is very individual.
A food-loving dog eats much more than his peer, who does not feel the urge to fill his stomach. Dogs also have little dwarfs, this quality begins to manifest itself already in childhood, and in order to increase the appetite of such puppies, considerable ingenuity is required from the owner.
An adult German Shepherd should be fed twice a day. From four months, the regimen can be brought closer to the final schedule and reduced meals to three per day. It is desirable that the interval between meals be no more than 8 hours. Do not feed the dog at night, so that it does not become a habit. Adjustment for the owner’s day regimen is acceptable.
Regardless of the owner’s decision how many times to feed the puppy, the amount of food per day is approximately 1 liter. This amount is evenly divided into 3-4 meals. Accordingly, a single serving for a puppy is 300-400 g. A bowl of food is left for twenty minutes, after which it must be removed.
The portion size is adjusted based on the pet’s behavior. If food remains in the bowl, the next portion will be reduced in size. If the shepherd after eating shows anxiety and interest in the bowl, it increases.
At 4 months old, a German shepherd puppy should eat 400-450 grams of meat or 800-900 grams of fish daily
The daily diet of a puppy at 4 months should:
- 30% protein;
- include 20-25 g of fat;
- contain carbohydrates and fiber;
- be enriched with vitamins and useful elements.
Do not give your puppy hot and cold food. Warm food properly to room temperature New foods are introduced gradually, starting in small portions.
Vitamins and mineral supplements
For full development, German shepherds of any age need the following vitamins:
- Ascorbic acid;
- Folic acid;
- A nicotinic acid.
Bioactive complexes include Nutri-Vet, Kanvit and Beaphar.
Prepared rations are divided into canned meat and dry pelleted food. The advantage of this type of food is simplicity and balance: manufacturers develop portions taking into account the age and physiological needs of the dogs, therefore, in most cases, the pet does not need to be additionally fed with vitamins.
All recipes are designed by veterinarians and contain protein, carbohydrates and fat in carefully measured proportions. Ready-made diets attract breeders by the breadth of their lines: there is special food for large dogs, for a specific breed, and even veterinary lines for dogs with diseases.
- The product is as close as possible to natural nutrition;
- Contains a nutritious broth for proper digestion;
- Available in convenient portioned packaging;
- High palatability.
- A solid structure that helps to strengthen the teeth;
- Contribute to full saturation: soft food often swallows the dog without chewing;
- Economical consumption;
- Long shelf life when unopened.
What kind of food to feed the shepherd is up to the breeder. When choosing a ready-made menu, doctors recommend combining dry and wet diets.
These are homemade soups and cereals. This food option helps to diversify the pet’s menu and, according to many owners of shepherd dogs, is cheaper than ready-made food. However, the balance of the diet here completely falls on the shoulders of the owner.
To avoid indigestion, an organic portion should include the following ingredients:
- Meat. chicken, beef, lean pork, rabbit;
- Fish. pollock, flounder, tuna;
- Eggs. chicken, quail and turkey;
- Milk. natural yoghurts, cottage cheese, fermented baked milk;
- Porridge. buckwheat, oatmeal, barley;
- Vegetables. carrots, zucchini, beets, celery;
- Greens. parsley and spinach;
- Fruits. apricots, watermelon pulp.
Checking your puppy for allergies
A considerable part of breeders is convinced that German shepherd puppies should be fed extremely moderately from 4 to 8 months, observing the specific requirements for protein components.
Otherwise, the nature of the program fails, and the owner raises a dog that is poorly adapted to life, with low immunity and prone to allergic reactions (including food). If your puppy’s nutrition is as versatile as possible, that’s great, but the other side of a rich menu is intolerance to one of the ingredients.
Important! To understand which product the body rejects, it is necessary to sustain the shepherd dog on an exclusive diet. At the same time, you will figure out if the irritant is really in the feed: it is possible that the allergy is associated with other factors.
There are several types of such diets, designed for both puppies who are accustomed to dry food and their peers who specialize in raw food. Adherents of natural feeding identify a food irritant according to the following scheme:
- For a month, the puppy is given one unfamiliar type of meat (lamb, venison, fish, etc.), adding a single carbohydrate side dish (rice, potatoes, rolled oats).
- With a normal reaction, a new ingredient is injected every 1-1.5 weeks, if an unwanted one occurs, the product is excluded, waiting for the symptoms to fade.
- So, step by step, month after month, they are gaining a dog ration that is guaranteed to protect the puppy from allergic manifestations.
Fans of dry industrial diets should follow a similar algorithm, only using hydrolyzed feed for their shepherd dogs, where the proteins are crushed and practically digested. Hydrolysis transforms protein components into almost a related organism: it ceases to identify them as foreign and does not give an allergic reaction.
Many companies produce hydrolyzed products, so choosing a safe diet is not a problem. True, one must take into account that these feeds contain not only protein components (soy, chicken), but also many additives. That is why feeds with hydrolyzate cannot be considered a panacea: they are also introduced into the diet gradually, observing how the pet reacts.
In addition, with any elimination diet, it is prohibited to:
- feed with goodies in training;
- allow eating food found on the street (if the puppy does not understand, put on a muzzle);
- have snacks and supplements to the norm;
- treat with pieces from the master’s table;
- change the dog’s cosmetics.
Ready food or natural food
When considering how to feed your German Shepherd puppy, choose BARF, which normalizes the gastrointestinal microflora responsible for immunity. In dogs sitting on porridge with boiled chicken, or eating industrial food, immunity is noticeably weaker. By the way, the menu, which is dominated by carbohydrates, not only changes the metabolism, but also badly affects the canine nervous system, enhancing the inhibition processes. Unsurprisingly, a puppy transferred to BARF becomes more energetic and even aggressive.
This is typical for a growing body that is receiving proper nutrition. You just need to increase the time for walking and playing. Puppies, as a rule, willingly eat raw foods, but sometimes are capricious, refusing to unfamiliar. In this case, mix the new ingredient with the tested one, or put a slice in the mouth and close it, waiting for the puppy to swallow.
It is interesting! A healthy puppy (due to its rapid growth and undeveloped saturation center) is always hungry, and refusal to eat signals an illness or overfeeding. In the second case, he is weaned from the bowl for a couple of feedings or the ration is reduced by 1.5-2 times.
A German shepherd puppy with a natural type of diet receives all trace elements / vitamins from fresh chopped vegetables / fruits (plus berries / herbs) and raw meat products. Industrial vitamins, especially water-soluble vitamins, are highly undesirable as they are easily overdose. If you consider it necessary to feed the puppy with them, give half the dose, adhering to the course interval.
What to feed your German Shepherd puppy
Anyone who has learned the BARF system from Ian Billinghurst will not take a long time to think about how to feed a German Shepherd puppy. A serious working dog needs a natural diet based on bones and meat.
Any dog is not only a predator, but also a scavenger. Puppies in nature acquire independence by 4–5 months, receiving mostly leftovers after a successful flock hunt. And these are not loin pieces, but cartilage / bones and connective tissue that help animals grow.
Domestic dogs are pampered with chicken breasts, fillets and tenderloins, where there are many excess amino acids that are harmful to the dog’s body: they are poorly absorbed or stored as fat, and sometimes provoke allergies (protein poisoning). In the tender pulp, there are almost no building materials for the formation of bones, joints and ligaments, which is why offal and trimmings with cartilage, veins and even particles of skin should replace the first-class meat.
Important! Do not be afraid to feed your puppy raw meat due to the danger of infection with lamblia, salmonella, viruses, roundworms, etc. The gastric juice of a dog neutralizes not only pathogenic microflora, but also cadaveric poison. You should also not be intimidated by antibiotics and hormones that are rarely found in meat: these are extremely unstable compounds that have time to decompose before it enters the bowl.
In the wild, the puppies themselves get food, and until they learn this, they live from hand to mouth, content with what their adult tribesmen leave behind. If you’re lucky, the puppy eats carrion, as often happens in a wolf pack: the younger ones find what the older ones have hidden. Along with rotten game, growing dogs get rodents, lizards and insects (if caught), as well as berries, roots, carrion and dung.
What to feed in the first month
Natural feeding compares favorably with factory diets in that it is easy to adapt it to each puppy. From about 3 weeks of age, puppies begin to be fed meat, despite the fact that they are still receiving breast milk. The proportion of meat and dairy ingredients increases as breast milk is reduced in the diet. Standard complementary foods are produced once a day, increasing the frequency daily, if there are no side reactions (flatulence, constipation or diarrhea).
As for adult shepherd dogs, meat for puppies is not stewed or boiled. The best option is scraped meat, for which lean beef is taken. The dish is prepared in several ways: rubbing slightly thawed pulp on a coarse grater, scraping frozen with a knife or passing it through a meat grinder.
It is interesting! Enzymes that can break down animal proteins appear in dogs no earlier than 18 days. Up to this point, the puppies will most likely like the meat, but will not be assimilated by the body.
Along with meat, dairy products (fermented baked milk, children’s or settled kefir, cottage cheese) are introduced into the menu of a German shepherd puppy. You can make cottage cheese yourself, for example, pouring 1-2 tbsp into boiled milk. l. calcium chloride. After stirring, the liquid is filtered and calcined curd is obtained. You can also combine milk and kefir (in equal proportions) and heat the mixture until it turns into cottage cheese, which animals like very much.
Various starters have proven themselves well, ranging from yogurt, yogurt, kefir and ending with professional ones (Vivo, Narine and others). Put two tablespoons of the starter culture in milk and put it in a warm place until it is completely fermented. Then transfer the pan to low heat and do not remove until its contents are curdled. The curd mass is thrown onto a sieve and waited for the liquid to drain. By the way, some dog breeders treat their puppies with serum: this is useful, but there is a side effect. increased urination.
Diet from a month to six months
From 1.5–2 months, raw vegetables begin to appear on the puppy’s menu, in small quantities and well chopped. From time to time, the pet is given the bran of cereals (a storehouse of fiber), such as oats, rye and wheat. They are easy to digest and serve as a breeding ground for the microorganisms that inhabit the intestines. Bran can be enriched with both meat and dairy dishes: the optimal dose for a puppy is a pinch. The constant intake of bran is contraindicated, since in large quantities they bind and remove calcium from the digestive tract.
Important! When the puppy is completely weaned from the mother’s breast, he should be given 6-10% protein food (by weight), divided by the number of daily feedings. As a rule, these are medium-fat cottage cheese and meat ingredients in a 50/50 ratio.
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From a month and a half, it is recommended to add raw cartilage / bones (which supply calcium), starting with chicken necks and heads, as they are quite soft. Nevertheless, at first, these carcass fragments are beaten off and passed through a meat grinder. A two-month-old pet eats almost the same as an adult German shepherd. The owner introduces him to offal, different types of meat (duck, turkey, chicken) and fish. All products are served without heat treatment.
At this age, the puppy begins to actively use his teeth, so any pieces of carcasses are given as is, without beating. It is already possible to give a scapula and other large bones from which cartilage and meat are cut. This puts stress on the jaws, at the same time cleaning the teeth and contributing to a painless tooth change. Fresh fish is also source of calcium, preferably sea and oily fish, since fish oil improves the appearance of the dog’s skin / coat. Puppies are given fish with bones, ground in a meat grinder. Chicken eggs are also useful (if no allergy is noted) in any form. raw, like an omelet and boiled.
What you shouldn’t feed your German Shepherd puppies
Udders, lungs and especially beef liver, which often cause diarrhea, are prohibited.
The following are also recognized as dangerous and unnecessary products:
- bones after heat treatment and tubular;
- loaf, pastry and sweets;
- fried foods;
- spices and herbs;
- legumes and cabbage;
- plum and grapes;
- ketchup and mayonnaise.
From 1 to 2 months, a German shepherd puppy is fed 5-6 times a day every 3-4 hours (with a sleep break), increasing the portions as the pet grows. From 2 months they switch to 3-4 meals a day, from 3 months they feed three times a day. From half a year, the feeding regimen resembles an adult (twice a day) with a reduction in the proportion of animal proteins to 3-5% of the shepherd’s weight. Remember that overfeeding (overloading undeveloped ligaments / joints) is harmful to puppies, in which the dogs become soggy and loose.
Breed lines of feed
Suppose that when answering the question of what to feed a German shepherd puppy, you leaned towards ready-made factory feed (due to your own laziness, busyness at work, or banal irresponsibility). You will have to choose an industrial diet in all seriousness, remembering that your puppy continues to form a skeleton, which means that economy and premium food stuffed with cereals is contraindicated for him.
Holistic products under the brands Acana and Orijen (with high nutritional value and good meat) are in the first positions in the domestic ranking of finished feeds.
- Acana Puppy Large breed;
- Innova Puppy Dry Puppy Food;
- Orijen Puppy Large;
- Acana Puppy Small Breed;
- Nutro Ultra Holistic Puppy;
- Chicken Soup For The Puppy Lover’s Soul;
- Innova Large Breed Puppy Dry.
Important! If your pet’s diet lacks raw cartilage and bones, you will need to supplement the diet with calcium supplements (preferably in the form of calcium chelate / citrate). Dog breeders rated Welpenkalk (Canina) and Irish Cal (Beaphar).