Eating whims or a transitional period of development
If the baby willingly eats one type of food, and refuses the other, do not indulge in such whims. Otherwise, you have to feed the German Shepherd only what it wants. As a rule, it will be unhealthy or even dangerous food.
Eating puppies at home
Usually by 6 weeks lactation in a bitch weakens and the milk itself is no longer so rich as to be a complete food for her children. Several new foods will need to be introduced into the puppy‘s menu.
Correct feeding position
The shepherd boy has grown significantly in one month and stands confidently on all 4 legs. it’s time to get used to eating from a bowl located on a stand.
It is important to get used to this position during eating from an early age so that the baby does not develop the habit of throwing food out of the bowl and picking up pieces from the floor. once, and his exterior is correctly formed. two.
It will be difficult to wean from picking up pieces, but really, and it will be impossible to fix a humped back, high back and weak front pasterns.
The bowl should be at the height of the chest of a month-old puppy so that he can lower only the muzzle there. Under the paws of the shepherd, define a rug made of dense fabric so that the baby’s paws do not move apart, and the rug itself does not slip on the floor surface.
Special bowl for feeding shepherd dogs
As the German Shepherd grows, the height to which the bowl is raised should also “grow”.
What and how to feed a German Shepherd puppy in 1 month
A month-old German shepherd puppy is already familiar with a variety of foods and should eat 1 glass of feed per day. this is so, but you still need to focus not so much on the total volume, but on the general condition of the animal.
The feeding rate for each shepherd is individual, and it can only be established empirically.
The food should be eaten “in the lick”, and the satiated baby should calmly move away from the bowl to its place and, most likely, go to bed. If the eater is puffy after breakfast or lunch, give him a little diluted milk with magnesia, and it is better to reduce the portion next time.
The poor fellow who is not eating will “scrape” the bowl with his tongue for a long time, asking for supplements with his whole appearance. However, at this point, you do not need to add anything to the bowl, so as not to accustom the dog to handouts and begging. The portion will be increased on the next feeding.
Zucchini, turnips, beets, pumpkin are added. While the baby receives them stewed, mixed in porridge in bone broth. Two-month-old German Shepherd babies eat almost all vegetables and fruits raw, except for pumpkin and beets.
How to properly feed a month old German Shepherd puppy
Feeding a German shepherd puppy at 1 month is not much different from feeding it up to 4 weeks, but there are still differences.
It is good if there is an opportunity to buy blood obtained during the slaughter of farm animals. it contains more than 30% complete, easily digestible proteins, has bactericidal properties (the first 4 hours after slaughter), and prevents the occurrence of glandular deficiency anemia. Pig blood is given only in the form of boiled fibrin (clotted blood).
When feeding with blood, salt is excluded from the diet!
Blood can be preserved in reserve, like regular meat, but the value of such a product drops significantly.
From 4 weeks, you need to give boiled pieces of chicken or rabbit, cut coarsely enough for the puppy to work hard, chewing them. Very beneficial for the development of the jaws and neck muscles!
At this age (1-1.5 months), sea fish should be introduced into the diet. The ideal variant is the salmon family (salmon, mykizha, whale, chinook salmon, sockeye salmon, coho salmon, whitefish, pink salmon, white fish, nelma). Fish so far only boiled, boneless and only once a week.
If the little “German” eats fish more often, then B vitamins are destroyed in his body, which causes indigestion and growth retardation. But without fish, the body does not receive additional enzymes that bind iron, the lack of which leads to a decrease in the immune system of the developing German Shepherd. A portion of fish should be one and a half times larger than a portion of meat.
The most suitable place for a dog like a German Shepherd to live is undoubtedly the street, where the little one can frolic in the fresh air. A private home is best suited for this purpose. For comfort, it is worth building a sturdy enclosure with a wooden floor, a roof and a comfortable booth. All this will reliably protect the German from climatic conditions. If you live in an apartment, then, of course, you can take great care of your pet and there, having arranged a wonderful place.
It should not be located in a passageway where a draft is possible, near doors and heaters. In the bathroom or in the kitchen, the dog should not sleep either. Having chosen a decent corner, you need to lay a special rug or mattress there, on which, ideally, it is best to put on a pillowcase. This is very convenient for keeping the sleeping place clean. Prepare some pillowcases to change and wash them in time.
Prepare for the fact that at first your beloved baby will do his dirty business at home, because while he still cannot stand it. Gradually, it is necessary to teach people to relieve themselves while walking, immediately after feeding or sleeping. Always reward your dog with a tasty morsel of his favorite treat as soon as he gets wet. Thanks to your efforts, by six months, the shepherd dog will learn to relieve himself only in the yard.
The first days the puppy can whine loudly, missing his mother and former home. Therefore, do not leave it in a dark, enclosed space or tie it. Try to calm him down with gentle words, give him a toy. But it will be unnecessary to constantly stroke or squeeze the baby: so there is a risk of instilling unnecessary qualities.
Sheepdog just needs stable long walks. You can start walking your pet only after all vaccinations have been done. As mentioned above, the best option for a dog is to live on the street, where there is a constant opportunity to run around in the open space. If there is no such option, and you live in an apartment, then you need to take your pet for a walk every day, gradually increasing the time of the hike. It is best to take walks during the day to take advantage of the sun’s natural ultraviolet rays.
The first walks should be short; five minutes should be sufficient. At the age of two months, hiking increases to half an hour, while at 6-10 months, it is necessary to devote two to three hours to walking. From two months you can teach your dog to a leash. While the baby is small, physical activity is contraindicated for him, as he runs over himself, it will immediately become clear that it is time to go home. As your pet gets older, it will be very good for psychological development if it will communicate with other purebred dogs in specially designated areas. But stray dogs should not be allowed. there is a high risk of disease.
Now let’s look at the hygiene of the German Shepherd.
The basics of proper nutrition
With regular and normal feeding, you can raise a healthy dog. A diet that contains all the essential vitamins and minerals helps keep your pet in good physical shape and longevity. The metabolism of a puppy is significantly accelerated than that of an adult dog, but the ventricle is small. Therefore, it is worth feeding the baby often, but in small portions.
German Shepherd puppies eat from utensils attached to a special dog rack. The bowls are at chest level, the dog lowers only the muzzle during the meal. As the pet grows, it is necessary to raise the height of the stand. This is necessary so that the spine, the joints of the front legs and the neck do not bend during feeding.
While the pet is eating, try to fix its stance: put your hind legs so that the hocks form an angle of 90 degrees, and the front legs should be parallel to each other. It is advisable to have nickel-plated bowls, one of which, with water, is always worth it and you should change the drink in it about three times a day. Keep the temperature of the food only lukewarm. When the baby is finished eating, wipe his face with a clean cloth.
- canned food, dry food.
The first year in a puppy’s life, proper nutrition plays a huge role, monitor the balance of the diet. Properly observe the weight gain procedure. Of course, cooking your puppy food yourself is much better than buying ready-made food, but whatever system you choose for feeding, remember that each dog is individual, with its own preferences. A transition from feed to fresh products and vice versa is possible, but you should not mix them. Monitor your pet before making your final meal.
There are several rules when drawing up the correct diet:
- follow the diet;
- meat alone is not good nutrition;
- an overdose of vitamins A, D, calcium leads to volvulus;
- in the daily rate of proteins should be 30% of the main food for the development of muscles and skeleton;
- you can not overfeed the puppy.
The first week of living in your house, the puppy must be fed with the complementary foods that he ate from the former owner, otherwise the stomach may upset. One serving is needed so that the baby eats everything and licks the bowl. If he continues to stand near the dishes, then there was not enough food. It is not necessary to immediately give an increase, the pet can get used to begging for snacks, it is better to wait until next time. Depending on the time you get up, you need to feed the first meal, but no later than 7 a.m. The last complementary food should be given at 10 p.m.
How much to feed a german shepherd puppy. 43 days Old. Right quantity to feed a puppy?
From birth to six months, the development of the puppy is more intensive, respectively, the high calorie content of daily food also increases. At two months old, it is advisable to give the baby a small amount of cartilage or raw bones, because a purebred German is still a predator. In order not to kill the appetite, bones should be given after the main feeding. This dish contains a lot of minerals. If your pet does not eat bones well, then they are of poor quality or the baby has toothache. After six months over the next 10 months, development levels off, the need for complementary foods increases. At 16 months, the shepherd dog becomes an adult, the amount of food put on the day is slightly reduced, and the regime remains so until the end.
The puppy’s food should be frequent, with the following frequency:
- up to 2 months. 6 times a day;
- from 2 to 4 months. 5 times;
- from 4 to 6 months. 4 times;
- from 6 to 10 months. 3 times;
- after 10 months. 2 times.
The eyes are clear, without discharge, with a clear look. It is necessary to worry when your dog has inflammation or redness, unnatural lacrimation; if he blinks frequently. With these symptoms, you should immediately contact your veterinarian or use special eye drops. You can also soak a cotton swab in chamomile infusion and rinse your eyes with it.
The ears are cleaned once a month. This can be done both with a tampon and with special-purpose means. Be careful watching your baby’s ears. They contain a small amount of odorless sulfur. If redness is visible, wet discharge, a bad smell is felt; the pet scratches its ear, shakes its head. it means that there is inflammation. Do not hesitate and see a doctor.
The coat should be brushed once a week with a special comb. We advise you to wash your dog three times a year, except in winter, using specialized dog hygiene products. After each walk, wash your pet with plain water, if there is no special pollution, wash only its paws. After bathing, dry the animal’s fur well. Protect your dog from drafts after a bath.
Healthy claws do not exfoliate, do not crumble, of a dark shade. If the baby himself did not grind off, then they must be cut with special guillotine scissors.
5 Best Dog Food for German Shepherd Puppy | German Shepherd Puppy Food.
Now let’s take a closer look at how to feed a German thoroughbred shepherd puppy.
The basics of proper care
Taking care of your dog should be started on your first day together. You should immediately prohibit doing what, in your opinion, is not desirable to do. For example, go to bed or sofa. It is necessary to isolate from the animal all things that he can chew. Remove wires, close doors to those rooms where your little one should not poke his curious nose. Caring for a pet includes not only continuous attention, but also the observance of certain conditions for its normal existence in each year of its life.
Caring for and your pet includes the following basic points:
German Shepherd Puppy Care and Feeding Monthly
Do you know how to care for a German Shepherd puppy? How to feed him in what month of life, so that the baby develops correctly, looks good and grows up as an excellent dog? You must understand that your pet is not a toy, and prepare for all the diverse difficulties that you will have to face.
Regular care, strict upbringing and the necessary diet are the basis for the development of the future pet, and, naturally, have their own characteristics. German Shepherd puppies grow to an adult very slowly, as this breed belongs to large dogs. All this time, somewhere around three years old, you should be extremely attentive and extremely sensitive to your temperamental baby.
But do not be afraid of future responsibilities, your endless love for the pet, his reciprocal devotion will help in this difficult matter. Let’s take a closer look at how feeding and caring for a German shepherd puppy takes place.
By choosing natural products, you are choosing the right approach to your diet. Let’s take a closer look at what is the best way to feed your baby.
As mentioned above, one third of the feed should be protein foods. This meat, mostly raw, eggs, dairy products. Feeding a puppy with cereals alone, it is impossible to raise a good dog. In addition to protein, the diet also includes carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, fiber and minerals.
Meat must be given in raw form daily, finely chopped in advance. Giving minced meat is a bad option, if the baby eats it, then the stomach will not digest. Thanks to such meat, the pet grows healthy and strong, it is the best material for building muscles and bones. It is necessary to start feeding with meat from 50 grams to a month, 100 grams are already given per month, 200 grams in two, 300 grams in three, etc. The daily allowance is best divided by three to four times. From meat it is recommended to give the following options: veal, beef, horse meat. Fat is best cut off, as digestive upset is possible. Pork is not allowed!
Offal begins to feed the puppy at four months, three times a week. Although the baby eats them well, they will not replace meat. The liver is given only in boiled form, in order to avoid the entry of worms into the dog’s body. In addition to being easily absorbed and rich in vitamins A, B2, B12, niacin, iron, zinc, copper, the liver also has high dietary properties. The udder, lungs, heart, kidneys, scar, spleen begin to give from six months. May contain useful elements such as vitamins A, B, calcium, minerals.
Poultry by-products such as skin and viscera are highly energetic. Tubular pork and bird bones should not be given to shepherd dogs at all. the dog may choke. In addition, sharp fragments of such bones can injure the esophagus.
Eggs are a nutritious product, it is enough to give them once a week in the amount of two pieces. Only raw yolks are eaten, which can be mixed with porridge. Raw proteins are not digested. They can also be served as an omelet.
Dairy products. Let’s give the first place to cottage cheese with a large m of calcium. 350 grams daily will be sufficient. Chilled cottage cheese is mixed with whey and served in a mushy form. Then there are yogurt and kefir, which have a good effect on digestion. It is best to give your puppy unboiled goat or cow’s milk daily.
Fish is rich in substances such as vitamins, trace elements and minerals. Serve only boiled, boneless, twice a week. But you need to be extremely careful when giving fish to a puppy, since freshwater species can be infected with tapeworms. We advise you to give the fish after a year. Squids are very useful, contributing to the improvement of the properties of wool, containing vitamins B6, PP, B12, B2.
Dairy, animal, vegetable fats are an integral part of a pet’s diet. They are based on vitamins and fatty acids, thanks to which the baby grows healthy and immunity increases. If you cook lean food, be sure to add butter or fat to it. Daily Value: 2 grams per kilogram of body weight. Up to three months, 10. 15 grams will be enough, from 3 to a year months it is necessary to give already 20. 30 grams.
Carbohydrates can in some cases replace fats, giving the puppy energy for growth and proper bowel function. They are found in sugar, vegetable fiber, starch. Enough 10-15 grams of carbohydrates per 1 kilogram of body weight.
loaf and cereals are not the main food, so they are used in small quantities. From cereals, give preference to rice, millet, buckwheat, boiling them in the form of porridge with the addition of vegetables. Hercules is given after six months. 250. 300 grams is enough to give daily. the loaf is given gray or rye in small portions in the form of crackers soaked in low-fat broth.
It is better not to give legumes to the shepherd, she eats them badly.
Vegetables can be given grated, making salads with a small addition of vegetable oil. For a vitamin feed, boiled pumpkin with porridge is well suited. Steamed vegetables are well digested by the stomach. It is advisable to periodically give the baby tomatoes, which he eats with pleasure, especially in winter, they do an excellent job of cleaning teeth from plaque. To prevent worms, add a clove of garlic to your pet’s food. But potatoes are best eaten raw.
Herbs are an excellent vitamin supplement. Of all the herbs, it is better to refuse sorrel. it causes acute gastritis.
Fruits and berries are perfect for a diet that must be taught early in life. But give up grapes and citrus fruits.
Mineral feeding should be in the diet every day to keep your baby looking good. Pharmacy sulfur can be given a pinch along with meat to improve the quality of wool; the color is well influenced by seaweed, due to its high iodine content. Eggshells contain calcium, must be served in powder form from 1.5 months with 0.5 teaspoon per day, increasing the dose to one teaspoon three times a day by four months. Meat and bone meal should be added to the puppy’s soup 2 times a week. When the sheepdog grows up, this flour is placed in a separate bowl next to water so that she can eat it whenever she wants.
It is not advisable to give sweets, because of them the baby does not eat well. If you want to pamper your puppy, give him cheese or raw potatoes.
Eat a healthy diet. Be careful when caring for your pet. When feeding new complementary foods, observe the state of the digestive system and possible allergic reactions. Snacks between main meals are not desirable. The puppy should eat in a quiet, calm environment so that nothing distracts him from eating. This is necessary for excellent feed assimilation.
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Puppy diet at 2 and 3 months
The kid has grown up, and his body is already able to digest the vegetable fiber contained in vegetables, and requires additional minerals. This means that in addition to the usual cereals and meat products, you can start adding boiled carrots and a spoonful of unrefined vegetable oil to the porridge.
In the summer, only natural products are used as mineral supplements and vitamins: vegetables and fruits. Many babies love apples and watermelons given between feedings. In winter, with a lack of sunlight, the puppy should be given vitamin D in oil and raw carrots.
As a toy and a means for the development of the jaws, the puppy is given a large marrow, which he chews with gusto. For dogs living in an apartment, the bone is pre-boiled, and for puppies who have the opportunity to play in the courtyard of a private house, it is better to give the bone raw. This is due to the strong unpleasant smell that the improvised toy emits.
The number of feedings is reduced: four meals a day are enough for the baby with about one glass of food.
Danger of gastric torsion
The fact is that German Shepherds are at risk among dogs prone to a deadly pathology: gastric torsion. This condition always begins suddenly, it can be diagnosed even in young dogs with systematic overfeeding.
The ligaments on which the stomach is suspended are stretched, the stomach twists around its axis, and digestion stops. Veterinarians note that all dogs with this pathology have a large, distended stomach, clogged with porridge or the remains of eaten bones.
In order to minimize the risk of gastric bloat, in the summer, in the heat, the dog is fed a little, the amount of cereals that cause fermentation is reduced. Elderly animals can be transferred to dry food that does not provoke gas.
How to feed a 1 month old puppy
Most often, puppies are sold at the age of 45 days, when they are registered. At this point, the puppy’s diet includes:
- two types of meat;
- rice and oatmeal;
- cottage cheese and kefir.
The baby’s stomach is still small, the metabolism is fast. Therefore, babies need to be given a small portion of food every 3 hours. From 1 to 2 months, the fastest growth is observed: a two-month-old puppy is 2 times larger than a month old. This means that the nutritional value and digestibility of the feed must be high.
Raw beef, cut into small pieces, is ideal food for your puppy during this period. It contains the maximum amount of minerals and vitamins necessary for digestion enzymes.
Receiving raw meat several times a day, the baby will grow before our eyes. Dogs are carnivores. In the wild, adults feed babies with raw meat. Therefore, if finances allow, then this product in the diet should be maximum.
You can also give boiled meat, it is nutritious, it fixes the stool well, therefore it is useful for minor digestive disorders. Most often, the meat is boiled, porridge is cooked in the broth, then the chopped meat is mixed with warm porridge, slightly diluted with water if it is too thick, and given to the puppy.
You should not dilute the meat porridge with milk, as casein, which is formed in the stomach during the digestion of milk, slows down the absorption of nutrients.
Milk porridge is cooked from Hercules or rice, as semolina is poorly digested.
Cottage cheese can be diluted with kefir or a raw chicken egg can be added, as the puppies choke with viscous or too dry cottage cheese. Many kids do not like this healthy product, then you can try to cook cottage cheese yourself from a pack of kefir or pouring fermented baked milk mixed with a raw egg into boiling milk. Homemade cottage cheese is more tender, aromatic and tasty.
The volume of food for five meals a day should be less than one glass.
Young dogs under one year old are fed 3 times a day, and they must add to the diet foods that were not offered to the puppy. This is a raw offal, which contains a large amount of enzymes and vitamins, offal (liver and heart).
The amount of raw meat can be reduced by replacing it with offal. Milk is removed from the diet of males, bitches are given this product daily.
Be sure to continue to give Honda and vitamin supplements, raw carrots and apples. Porridge can be diversified by adding buckwheat or whole grains to the menu, as well as millet. Most often, a mixture of cereals is cooked, which is poured into broth or boiling water in equal amounts.
Healthy joints and ligaments
At four months, babies begin to change their teeth, and therefore they need increased calcium. If at this age the ears have not yet risen, because the change of teeth weakened the cartilage, then it is necessary to add products containing collagen to the diet. This is regular gelatin, or foods or food additives containing it.
Intensive skeletal growth requires entering hondoprotectors into the menu, and it is not necessary to purchase supplements intended for animals, you can give “Artra”, sold in a regular pharmacy.
The diet remains the same, but instead of boiled meat, you can start using beef head trimmings, which contain a lot of gelatin. The broth should not be made overly rich, as this negatively affects the functioning of the pancreas. It is better to add half a bag of gelatin to porridge or milk food every day, after dissolving it in water.
It is still beneficial to gnaw on large bones that help baby teeth fall out.
The puppy needs calcium during this period, therefore, in addition to the usual products, it is necessary to give him vitamins “Puppy”, calcium gluconate or other vitamin supplements every day.
Diet for a four month old puppy
Bones after changing teeth at 5 months are stopped, since the powerful jaws of the dog easily straighten out the cartilage, and can bite off pieces from the hard bone. This injures the esophagus and stomach, clogs the intestines, and leads to various acute conditions requiring surgical intervention.
Bone gnawing leads to rapid and early grinding of teeth. In nature, animals do not gnaw bones, they leave the skeletons of animals they kill intact, which means that bones are an unnecessary and harmful product for the German Shepherd.
How to feed a shepherd puppy in 1 month
A monthly German Shepherd can be fed with lean meat, cottage cheese, soups, cereals and vegetable puree. Meat to puppies at this age should be given mainly raw, crushed to the state of minced meat and in small quantities. The most preferred types of porridge are oatmeal, rice, millet and buckwheat. Semolina is not recommended as it can cause intestinal blockages in these dogs.
The best vegetables to use are pumpkin, zucchini, cabbage and beets.
A fairly effective type of food for young puppies is meat soup with vegetables.
It is worth remembering that a significant part of what to feed a month old German Shepherd puppy is milk.
Basically, a significant change in diet is carried out no more than once every two months, starting from birth. That is, the list of products that can be given to a puppy at 1.5 months will not differ from the recommendations for a month-old puppy.
The total amount of food should not exceed two glasses, divided into six meals.
How to feed an adult shepherd
The diet of an adult dog is no different from that described above for a one-year-old puppy. The difference can only be in the amount of food. As the dog grows older, it can be increased to two liters per day, divided into two doses.
It is worth noting that at home it is quite difficult to follow all the rules for feeding puppies, so many people use dry food or canned food as part of the diet. At the same time, it is necessary to know that the actual required amount of proteins of the required type, as well as other nutrients necessary for the normal development of a dog, is observed only in food of the highest price category. Therefore, the use of such feed cannot be considered a complete substitute for natural food.
What can you feed your German Shepherd puppy at 5 months
The list of products, as well as the total amount of daily food, is completely similar to that indicated for a four-month-old puppy.
How to feed a shepherd dog
The presence of specific foods in the diet will depend on the age of the animal, therefore, the basic requirements for the diet of a young dog that can accept all types of food suitable for it can be cited as universal recommendations. For example, a shepherd dog should not be given fish per month.
Thus, the list of essential foods for a shepherd dog includes:
- milk and dairy products;
- various types of cereals;
- vegetables and fruits.
What to feed a shepherd puppy
Depending on the age of the puppy, the list of foods allowed for him will differ significantly, since the animal’s body can not cope with all types of foods.
Briefly, the change in the dog’s diet can be summarized as follows:
How to feed a shepherd puppy at 2 months
At 2 months, the proportion of milk feeding gradually decreases. At this age, milk feeds are carried out no more than twice a day. The main part of the diet at this age is made up of meat soups. It is also necessary to give cereals from the above types of cereals in water and milk, raw and boiled meat, cottage cheese and vegetables.
The amount of food should be three glasses a day, the number of feedings. six times at approximately equal intervals and an eight hour break at night.
The best way to feed a shepherd puppy at 3 months
The diet at this age differs little from that recommended for a two-month-old puppy. The main difference is the gradual increase in the consumption of cottage cheese and meat. For example, if it is recommended to give 200 g of cottage cheese for the first morning feeding of a two-month-old puppy, then for a three-month old this amount increases to 250 g.
The amount of food should be four glasses, the number of feedings. five.
Two types of dog food: industrial food and organic food
You have decided to have a shepherd puppy. The first thing you do is ask the breeder about what to feed your baby. Ask the seller in detail about what the dog was fed before, how much milk was given to it daily. It is important to find out at what time the baby received food, and what type of food was. industrial food or natural products.
Focus on the breeder’s answers and provide the pet with exactly the same diet in the new place for the first two weeks. What is it for?
Any changes in the puppy‘s life are stressful, including changes in nutrition. The gradual replacement of the usual milk and meat or dry food with the one of your choice will help the puppy to avoid stress.
Two weeks passed, the pet got used to the new place. it’s time to change the diet. Let’s understand the features of feeding dry food and natural products.
How to feed a shepherd puppy: the right diet
Strong bones, quick reaction, training for shows as “excellent”. these qualities are laid in your pet by his parents. What can you do to raise your future champion? Read How to Feed Your German Shepherd Puppy to Develop Its Best Breed Characteristics.
How to feed a German shepherd. Dry food
Your puppy has a predatory instinct. The wild beast tears apart its prey and swallows not only the meat of a hare or partridge together with bones, but also the insides and contents of the stomach. Therefore, the predator’s diet contains meat, acorns, wild berries, grass and grain. Industrial pet food manufacturers formulate their products around these nutritional needs of your puppy.
All industrial feeds are conditionally divided into 4 classes depending on the source and quality of ingredients in the feed, the presence of vitamins and minerals, useful additives, as well as preservatives and dyes. The higher the class, the more expensive the feed.
- Economy class feed. Animal protein in such food is negligible or not at all. It is often replaced with animal fats or bone meal. The food attracts the dog only due to the flavoring additives. The dog does not gorge itself on cheap dry food and constantly demands food. Economy class feed has a high consumption.
- Premium food. It contains high quality ingredients, vitamins and nutrients, without preservatives, dyes and flavors. The main source of protein is real meat products. Vegetable protein is obtained here from corn. Stabilizers and preservatives approved by the European Economic Community are used in premium feed. For example citric acid and ethoxyquin.
- Super premium food. They include products of the highest quality: lamb meat, turkey or Atlantic fish fillets, eggs as source of high biological value protein. Super Premium Food contains the best sources of fiber for your Shepherd Dog: beets, grains, rice. The manufacturer adds proteins, fats and carbohydrates from the primary ingredients to it and produces it on special equipment.
- Holistic class food. The composition contains environmentally friendly ingredients. For example, fillet of lamb or salmon. The manufacturer did not skimp on the inclusion in the composition of fruits, vegetables and dietary supplements. Holistic food is a real healthy diet, as close as possible to the natural diet of a shepherd.
The main advantage of industrial dog food is that it saves you time. You don’t waste time cooking. You use a ready-made diet, thought out by the manufacturer in terms of composition. The daily serving size and how many times per day to feed your German Shepherd, the manufacturer has already indicated on the package. Included in expensive high-quality feed vitamins, ensured the balance of micro- and macroelements.
You select a diet suitable for your shepherd dog and use it constantly. the dog does not need variety.
Puppy feeding basics
Your pet should have 2 bowls for food and water. There should always be a bowl filled with fresh, boiled water near the container with food, especially if you prefer dry food in complementary foods.
Containers for food and water must be clean. After eating, bowls are washed with hot water and dried thoroughly with a dry towel. Never leave uneaten food in food containers. If your puppy can’t eat everything you’ve given him, reduce the serving size. If your pet repeatedly refuses to eat, contact your veterinarian with suspicion of a serious illness.
How to feed a puppy. 1 month
Proper nutrition is important for the healthy and active existence of dogs at any age. But not everyone knows what to feed a puppy for 1 month, nutrition must comply with the norms for full development.
As an example, consider an approximate daily diet for small puppies.
- 7:00. eating cottage cheese with kefir;
- 10:00. porridge with the addition of meat products and vegetables;
- 13:00. porridge with the addition of meat products and vegetables;
- 16:00. eating cottage cheese with kefir;
- 19:00. porridge with the addition of meat products and vegetables;
- 22:00. porridge with the addition of meat products or assorted meat.
The role of water in a puppy’s diet
Puppies between 1 and 4 months of age may develop dehydration within a few hours. With a lack of water in the body, the puppy’s blood thickens, which leads to metabolic disorders and oxygen starvation of all organs.
As long as the puppy feeds on its mother’s milk, it gets enough water. With the introduction of supplements, it is important to control that the baby is getting enough water.
With the introduction of natural supplementation, the risk of dehydration is minimal, since the baby consumes a lot of dairy products, broth and juicy boiled minced meat.
With industrial supplementation, the risk of dehydration is much higher. The main part of industrial complementary foods should be a milk replacer (which is diluted with water). Pastes and pastes contain enough water, if necessary, they can be slightly diluted with broth and stirred.
A balanced and healthy food for dogs should be served in the form of porridge, which contains meat ingredients, cereals and vegetables in equal proportions. During the formation of your pet’s body, it is advisable to increase its consumption of meat products up to 40-50%. Preference should be given to lean meats, and it is better to refrain from eating pork. Meat and meat offal are given only boiled and in small pieces. It is impossible to serve meat in the form of minced meat, it is poorly absorbed in a young body.
Vegetables are served both raw and boiled or stewed (cabbage). They are beneficial for the growing body of the puppy due to their high content of vitamins and minerals. You need to accustom your dog to them from an early age (add them to porridge or meat). Fermented milk products are also useful for the normal functioning of the body. In addition to commonly available dairy products, prepare calcified cottage cheese (recipe on the Internet), which has a beneficial effect on growth, maintaining muscle tone, strengthening bones and teeth in a growing animal.
Several times a week, the puppy should be given a crushed garlic clove hidden in a lump of butter. Garlic is both a vitamin complex and a natural remedy for worms.
Cooking tips for puppy owners:
- To avoid food poisoning, always feed your pet only fresh food.
- The density of the food should resemble a rich soup or watery porridge, without lumps.
- Serve warm food, meat and fish boiled over before serving.
- Never cook with bad-smelling expired cereals.
- Buy dairy products in their original packaging from reliable suppliers.
- Do not treat your puppy to spicy, salty, smoked food, bacon, legume porridge and pearl barley.
The daily ration for feeding a small puppy is made in accordance with its age and weight. Initially, check with the former owner or veterinarian for serving size.
Your pet should not overeat. there should be a slight feeling of hunger after eating. In the first 2 months, the puppy needs to be fed at least 6. 7 times a day, and after 10 months. several times a day, like an adult dog. 7 in the morning is considered optimal for the first feeding, and the time from 7 to 10 in the evening is for the last.
Is the baby full
Finding out whether your pet is full or not is easy. If on DO shine licks the bowl after eating, this is a signal that it’s time to increase the portions. If the cooked food is malnourished, it means that he is not hungry. Make sure your puppy doesn’t overeat. Obesity is bad for animal health.
Proper nutrition in accordance with the age characteristics of the puppy is the key to the development of a healthy, mobile and active pet.