The veterinarians have arrived
Thank God, the dogs recovered, but I decided to thoroughly study this issue, in consultation with European veterinarians. Here’s what I was able to find out.
Pyroplasmosis. It is a canine disease with symptoms of severe fever, yellowing of visible mucous membranes, and blood in the urine. Carriers. ixodid ticks. Most of them are in spring, in April-May, and August-September, before the onset of cold weather. They love moisture, and the rainy summer actively promotes their spread. Not every dog has become infected if you find a sucking parasite on it. The problem is not so much the tick itself. only slight inflammation develops at the site of his bite. how much pyroplasm living in it. And therefore, even after removing a dozen ticks from an animal that are not affected by pyroplasmas, there is no need to fear that the dog will get sick. But, unfortunately, the tick does not say whether it can infect or not. Therefore, prevention is initially necessary, i.e. after each walk, you need to check the dog for ticks. In addition, treating the dog with anti-tick drugs.
The only active ingredient that protects against them. methoprene. Therefore, when buying a particular drug for ticks, check if it contains methoprene.
If you do find a sucking tick on the dog, watch it. If she changes her behavior and this is quite clearly striking, she becomes lethargic, loses interest in the life around her, moves reluctantly, refuses walks, food, the temperature is more than 39.5, this is already a cause for alarm.
If you have not paid attention to this, then the following symptoms will be: urine becomes reddish-brown in color, from beet to dark beer color, mucous membranes are pale or yellowish.
And now there is a very big difference in treatment.
The difference is that with the European approach, piroplasmosis is not a life-threatening disease, in which the dog is cured within 24 hours and has no consequences for the liver, kidneys and all other internal organs.
With the Russian approach, piroplasmosis. a life-threatening disease, in addition, the dog has a damaged liver, kidneys for months and recovers for weeks, or even months and, in principle, then has a sick liver all his life.
With Russian treatment, the dog is taken to a veterinarian who will do a blitz analysis for the presence of babesia in the blood, put the dog on a dropper, which is detrimental to health and is completely unnecessary, and will also give an injection of one or another antipyroplasmic drug. The dog will lie on the dropper for 3 days in a row, after which it will treat the liver, kidneys for a long time, stubbornly and drearily and, in principle, restore the body for months due to the fact that this dropper has ruined many functions of the body.
In Europe, the approach is different: if there is a suspicion of piroplasmosis, you saw the initial symptoms described by me, then the dog is given a single injection of a drug containing imidocarb as an active ingredient.
The weight dosage indicated on the package is used. After that, the dog goes home, and if you do the injections yourself, then you just give the injection and don’t go anywhere with the dog, so as not to “heal”. After 2 weeks, a second injection is given, in the same dosage, of the same drug.
Preparations with the active ingredient imidocarb are completely harmless when used correctly, i.e. according to the dosage indicated on the package when using two injections (1. if symptoms occur, the second after 2 weeks). No drips, no body restorations, no liver treatments. I would also like to add that after the injection, the dog has full immunity from ixodid ticks for 30 days.
If you missed the onset of the disease and the dog’s urine has already darkened, then in addition to imidocarb, a course of the antibiotic doxycycline is prescribed for 14 days at a dosage according to weight.
If you were away from home all day and, having come home, found a dog with porcelain mucous membranes, temperature practically immobilized, then you need to urgently contact the veterinarian and do an ultrasound of the spleen.
If you saw signs of a problem before the mucous membranes became porcelain in color, then piroplasmosis is treated with 2 simple injections. Unfortunately, if the case is neglected and the dog already has porcelain mucous membranes, the Russian system for the treatment of piroplasmosis is also likely to be ineffective. I wish all dogs not to pick up ticks, but if they have already picked up, I really hope that you will think well before putting them on a dropper, which is detrimental to health, instead of just two injections. “.
Every spring, dog owners are actively discussing how to protect their animals from tick-borne diseases. Due to warming, the season of their activity begins in April-May, and sometimes ends in December.
– To understand what happens after infection, you need to learn at least alphabetically about the pathophysiology of piroplasmosis (babesiosis). told in one of the Moscow veterinary clinics. Babesia (or Piroplasma). the simplest unicellular, parasitic in erythrocytes (red blood cells). When a dog is bitten by a tick infected with babesia, they enter the animal’s bloodstream and begin to multiply in red blood cells, destroying them.
What to Do After a Tick Bite. Johns Hopkins Lyme Disease Research Center
The so-called free hemoglobin begins to enter the dog’s blood from the destroyed erythrocytes, and due to this, intoxication begins. Clinically, this is expressed in a rise in temperature, lethargy, and refusal to feed. The liver is unable to cope with the utilization of such an amount of hemoglobin, the animal develops “hemolytic jaundice” and inflammation of the liver (hepatitis).
Hemoglobin is an oxygen carrier, but in a free state, outside of red blood cells, it is unable to perform its function. As a result, hypoxia (lack of oxygen) develops in organs and tissues. This is manifested by shortness of breath, increased heart rate. Anemia develops (mucous membranes, dog’s throat. become pale).
So, with a disease with piroplasmosis, the liver is the first to suffer. And the main mistake in the treatment. when the animal is given too many drugs that the affected liver simply cannot handle.
The main thing in the treatment of piroplasmosis. the use of antiparasitic drugs. There are many of them, they are divided into two large groups: preparations containing diminazene aceturate, and preparations based on imidocarb.
The first group is effective but toxic. Your dog may have symptoms of arsenic poisoning (convulsions). Therefore, when starting treatment, it is important to accurately observe the dosage given the weight of the dog. According to the instructions, the course of treatment consists of two injections, but there is no need to rush with the second injection. If after the first injection the animal’s condition has improved, the second can be omitted.
A common mistake: having not received the effect after the double administration of the drug prescribed by the instructions, the doctor prescribes the continuation of the injections. This can lead to severe intoxication and death of the dog. If there is no improvement, then most often the diagnosis was erroneous and the dog is not sick with pyroplasmosis.
The second, more modern group. drugs based on imidocarb. They are less toxic and can also be used for prophylaxis. True, you should not get too carried away with chemoprophylaxis, because the long-term effects of the drug are unknown. It is better to treat after the fact of the disease. The main key to success. early start of treatment and correct diagnosis.
With regard to symptomatic treatment, all kinds of “additional” drugs, this is a very controversial issue. In our clinic, systems (droppers) are not used for all animals in a row, but only according to indications. The body of a dog, if it is not overloaded with unnecessary medications, most often itself copes with the elimination of free hemoglobin. Drinking without restrictions. this is usually sufficient. If jaundice appears, saline solutions and isotonic glucose solution can be dripped. No plasma substitute solutions are needed. Frequently prescribed diuretics are not needed either. they remove potassium, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the heart. Any antibiotic. this is also an additional load on the liver, their unmotivated prescription should be avoided.
Finally, an important question is how to recover from piroplasmosis. A protein-rich diet is often advised. The question is again ambiguous. The liver is affected, and with hepatitis, a diet with reduced m of protein is always recommended. Therefore, it is better to use medicated food. If the dog is on a natural diet, the amount of meat and meat products in the diet should be reduced during recovery.
Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. There are many products on the market today that are designed to prevent tick bites. This is a collar, drops on the withers, spray, powder. Since they do not offer 100% protection against ticks, owners often use several species together. For example, they put on a collar, supplement its action with drops on the withers, which last for several months, and before each trip to nature they are additionally treated with a spray. This significantly reduces the risk of illness and is much less expensive than treatment and rehabilitation therapy. But if the dog is bitten by a tick, the signs will not keep you waiting. Do not comfort yourself with the thought that you have completely protected your pet. The sooner the correct diagnosis is made, the easier the treatment will be.
Difficulties in diagnosing the disease
If in the case when a dog has recently been bitten by a tick, what to do is more or less clear, then when alarming symptoms “out of nowhere” occur, the situation looks confusing. The fact is that the disease does not necessarily manifest itself in the near future; it can “wait” for the moment when the animal’s immunity weakens. If a dog refuses to eat in the middle of winter, rarely does any owner remember that in the summer he removed the tick. But such things need to be remembered and in time to seek veterinary help.
One more point: an infected tick behaves somewhat differently than a healthy one. Especially if it is a male, he can bite and fall off without sucking. It is almost impossible to notice this on a walk, especially on a dark large dog. It remains only to monitor the health of your pet and not delay with the consultation of a specialist.
When to sound the alarm
The tick itself is not dangerous, it will not be able to drink all the blood. But he is a carrier of blood parasites that settle in red blood cells and destroy them. They multiply very quickly, and if you do not take action, this will lead to the death of the animal in 98% of cases. Many owners get scared if the dog is bitten by a tick. What to do in such a situation? First of all, don’t panic. It happens that a dog brings ticks on the withers all spring, but it never gets sick. Usually from 3 to 14% of the entire generation of bloodsucking are infected. Therefore, you should remove the tick and observe your pet. Any change in behavior or condition. this is a reason to go to the veterinary clinic.
Symptoms We Should Know
If your dog is bitten by a tick, symptoms will begin to appear within the first week. With a lightning-fast course of the disease, they will develop so rapidly that you will not have time to take action. But this is not a very common form of piroplasmosis. Usually there is a sharp rise in temperature up to 41-42 degrees. Please note that this symptom does not appear all the time. This is only a reaction to the introduction of parasites, and after one or two days the temperature will return to normal, and later will begin to decrease. Therefore, after removing the tick, be sure to check the temperature in the dog’s anus every day. Normally, it is 38.5 degrees.
The difficulty of diagnosis is that if a dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms may vary. But almost everyone has a refusal to eat, apathy, drowsiness. Trembling, shortness of breath and pale mucous membranes are also characteristic. Often, animals begin to roll over on their backs and whine, they are tormented by pain in the abdomen. Bitches may have vaginal bleeding.
If the dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms will increase, so don’t waste time, tomorrow it will only get worse. There may be unsteadiness of gait, failure of the hind limbs. This is not typical, but vomiting and diarrhea sometimes occur. A little later, a fetid odor from the mouth is observed, and the urine darkens, blood may appear in it.
What is the danger of a tick bite?
Microscopic parasites carried by this insect settle in the blood, destroy its cells, completely disrupting metabolic processes and causing severe intoxication. Normally, symptoms appear 6-10 days after the bite. But they depend on the form of the course of the disease. With its hyperacute course, the symptoms appear literally on the second day, and this ends with the death of the animal.
The acute form occurs quite often, we observe its manifestation within a week after the dog has been bitten by a tick. “What to do at home?” this is the question most often asked by animal owners. Unfortunately, without special tests and medications, you will not be able to do anything. See your veterinarian as soon as possible. There is a chronic form, which is extremely difficult to diagnose. A short rise in temperature and lethargy are replaced by an improvement in the condition, after which the animal again refuses food. Such fluctuations can last long enough, but gradually the weakness grows, the animal gets tired quickly, it rarely has a good appetite.
So, the dog was bitten by a tick. Piroplasmosis was identified and successfully defeated. It would seem, what more could you want. And the dog is still sluggish, asleep and does not want to eat. This condition is normal on the first day, but if it does not get better the next day, you need to tell your doctor about it.
In any case, within ten days you will need to take her to the vet, inject vitamins, saline solutions, drugs that improve the functioning of the heart, restore the functions of the liver, gall bladder, and gastrointestinal tract. It is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the animal, at the slightest deterioration, it is necessary to undergo a repeated analysis for piroplasmosis.
Re-infection is possible. Immunity is not formed. over, each subsequent infection will be more difficult to tolerate than the previous one. The animal may not survive the third bite.
Is encephalitis dangerous for dogs?
Until now, we have talked about the disease piroplasmosis. Encephalitis is primarily dangerous for humans, but against the background of weakened immunity, it can also affect the animal. If a dog is bitten by an encephalitis tick, the symptoms can be severe. Incubation period. 2-3 weeks. Usually the temperature rises, seizures develop, motor functions are impaired, and paralysis is possible. Hypersensitivity of the head and neck, severe pain sensations are often manifested. Behavior can vary from apathetic to aggressive. Later, paralysis of the facial and eye muscles occurs. If the dog is bitten by an encephalitis tick, there is no specific treatment, and the prognosis is usually poor, with a high probability of death.
Treating your pet
As already mentioned, if a dog is bitten by a tick, the consequences can be dire. Therefore, in the spring-summer period, it is required to pay maximum attention to the four-legged friend. Even the smallest deviation in behavior can be a reason for consulting a veterinarian. Tests for piroplasmosis are done quickly and are inexpensive, so even if you are reinsured, nothing bad will happen.
Even if you are sure that the dog was bitten by a tick, a professional should decide how to treat it based on ready-made tests. Often in a veterinary clinic, they are guided by symptoms and prescribe antiparasitic drugs, without waiting for the return of tests from the laboratory. You should insist that the doctor wait until the diagnosis is confirmed, especially since today it takes just a few minutes.
Remember that all modern antiparasitic drugs are very toxic and strike not only the pyroplasm, but also the body of the animal. If you limit yourself to one injection, then the health consequences can be fatal. Kidneys and liver, gastrointestinal tract suffer, immunity is destroyed. That is why a long rehabilitation is required, and it cannot be neglected.
What to do if bitten: first aid to a pet after an attack
First of all, blood-sucking insects try to attach to open areas on the dog’s body. As a rule, they choose surfaces:
- groin area;
- hind and front feet.
The sooner the site of the lesion is found and appropriate measures are taken, the easier it will be for the dog to undergo further treatment.
Signs and symptoms of piroplasmosis
This type of disease is caused by canine piroplasm Piroplasma canis, which parasitizes red blood cells and causes their destruction.
Red blood cells carry carbon dioxide and oxygen throughout the body.
The disease is carried by ixodid ticks. They live in areas with little undergrowth. They are most active in spring and autumn. Carriers of the disease attach themselves to parts of the dog’s body where there is least fur. The tick pierces the skin, sucks blood and infects the animal with pyroplasmas. The highest risk group includes young and hunting dogs, purebred dogs with chronic diseases.
- icteric or pale mucous membranes;
- within 2-3 days the urine turns red or reddish-brown;
- the temperature rises sharply to 40–41 ° С, lasts for 2–3 days, then drops to 33–35 ° С;
- loss of appetite;
- increased thirst;
- reddish brown urine;
- rapid breathing;
- difficult movement;
- paralysis of the hind and front legs.
May die on 3-7 days if specialist assistance is not provided on time.
In some cases, pyroplasmosis is difficult to diagnose. If he is suspected, in especially valuable breeds of dogs, the disease is detected by pouring blood into a puppy susceptible to the disease. If piroplasmosis is detected within 4-7 days, treatment of the disease in a dog and a puppy is started.
Dogs with weakened immunity are at risk of contracting tick-borne encephalitis. They are young up to two years old and mature over 8 years old. Some pedigree dogs belonging to small or medium-sized ones also belong to the risk group. For example:
- decorative pugs;
- Maltese lapdogs;
Animals that have suffered cranial trauma are at risk of contracting encephalitis.
Encephalitis is of three types:
- with meningoencephalitis, the brain and its membranes are affected;
- with encephalomyelitis, the head and dorsal are affected at the same time;
- with meningoencephalitis. the membranes of the brain and spinal cord are simultaneously affected.
The first symptoms of the disease develop within 12-14 hours after the bite. Then they are noticeable for 2-3 days and gradually disappear. In this regard, the disease should cause special attention.
The main signs of encephalitis:
- decreased appetite, up to and including its loss;
- strangeness in movement, the impression that the dog is unable to keep on its hind legs;
- discoloration of urine to brown or dark green;
- the membranes of the eyes become pale or yellow;
- diarrhea with bloody discharge;
- hungry vomit.
At the first signs of illness, the animal is shown to the veterinarian. In case of timely treatment, it may take as little as 2 days. Otherwise, it may take up to 3 weeks.
When diagnosing a disease, blood and urine tests are performed on the dog. X-ray and ultrasound examinations will be required. The first will help detect cerebral edema, and the second will check the internal organs of the dog.
Infectious encephalitis damages the brain and spinal cord. For the purpose of determining the degree, the veterinarian may suggest a study of the cerebrospinal fluid. Lesions and their degree are studied using an encephalogram.
When treating encephalitis of any kind, the supervision of a veterinarian is necessary. The specialist will prescribe drugs depending on the location of the infection.
- Of the antibiotics for the bite of parasites, injections of “Cefotaxime” or “Meropenem” are more often prescribed at the rate of 40-50 mg of the drug per 1 kg of animal weight. Injections are given twice a day intravenously.
- As a local treatment, “Ofloxacin” and oxolinic ointment (for eyes and ears) are prescribed.
- To relieve edema and stabilize intracranial pressure, appoint “Diacarb”, “Mannitol”.
- Effectively fight infection “Azidin-Vet”, “Veriben”, “Piro-stop”, “Pirosan”, “Fortikarb”.
Rescue a dog after a tick bite. What to do and how to treat a pet?
While walking, any dog can be attacked by ticks. These insects are carriers of various diseases. Pathogens enter the animal’s body at the time of the bite, and then multiply there.
Why a bite is dangerous?
Dog bites by ticks cause natural excitement for the breeder. Some parasites are carriers of pathogens of severe infectious and invasive diseases. With tick saliva, they enter the dog’s body and cause the development of serious diseases.
What a tick looks like on a dog is shown in
Symptoms of Lyme Disease in Dogs- And Why It’s SO Dangerous. Professional Dog Training Tips
Pyroplasmosis in dogs is caused by different types of pathogen. Acute piroplasmosis is carried by Babesia canis, and chronic piroplasmosis is caused by Babesia Gibsoni. In chronic babesiosis, clinical signs of the disease are insignificant or do not appear at all, but stress can exacerbate the course of the disease. Over time, without treatment, chronic babesiosis can cause severe kidney damage.
After being bitten, the dog will definitely get an infection. this is a myth.
Do not panic that the animal will definitely get sick. Perhaps the tick does not have any infections, or you removed it in a timely manner, and the parasite has not yet had time to inject infected saliva into the dog.
LABORATORY-DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY CENTER “CHANCE BIO” has been operating since 2006, we have extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of tick-borne infections.
Multi-stage quality control of analyzes will allow you to accurately and as soon as possible determine the presence of infection in a tick or in the blood of an animal.
You can order an analysis to determine the complex of infections transmitted by ticks here
All ticks are the same and transmit the entire spectrum of possible diseases. this is a myth.
In the city of Moscow and adjacent regions, the main two ticks are distributed. the genus Ixodes, the genus Dermacentor.
Depending on the species, ticks carry different pathogens. For example, ixodid ticks Ixodes Ricinus and Ixodes Persulcatus carry borreliosis and anaplasmosis.
Ticks of the genus Dermacentor are carriers of acute pyroplasmosis caused by Babesia canis.
Ticks of the genus Rhipicephalus are found in our region very rarely distributed to a greater extent in the south and carry diseases such as ehrlichiosis and chronic piroplasmosis caused by Babesia vogeli.
Ticks carry diseases that are deadly to dogs. it’s true.
How to treat a tick bite in a dog?
If the wound is clean, then immediately lubricate it with 5% iodine or brilliant green. Be sure to check out what symptoms your dog has after a tick bite. If she is calm and takes food, then you can do without a visit to the veterinarian.
Otherwise, you will need treatment for a dog tick bite. At first, pay attention to whether the tick bite in your pet hurts. If you did everything correctly, the wound will begin to heal quickly.
Signs that a dog has been bitten by a tick
Consider the behavior of a pet when bitten by a tick. It is quite difficult to detect ticks in long-haired pets, because their size is only a pinhead. Signs of a tick bite are as follows:
- constant scratching;
After a tick bite, the dog always behaves differently. If before your pet came after a walk and went to bed, now you can notice that he tosses and turns in his sleep, constantly itches and shakes himself, perhaps even whines.
The dog’s reaction to a tick bite is always unambiguous. it is unpleasant and wants to get rid of the parasite. You can only miss the first signs if you are often absent from home for a long time. If there are behavioral changes, then see how to treat a tick bite in a dog, because delay can cost the pet’s life.
Difficulties can arise if the tick behaved atypically. it bit and fell off immediately. In this case, the first signs of a tick bite may not appear at all, and after a couple of weeks, the pet may start to hurt. In the summer, the owner needs to constantly monitor the condition of the dog.
In some cases, the dog gets sick after being bitten by a tick, and you cannot find the parasite. This may be a sign of complete penetration of the tick under the skin (then you can notice bumps in your pet) or evidence that the parasite immediately fell off after infection of the four-legged.
Are you in doubt that the dog was bitten by a tick? The photo will help you determine if this is so:
In the process of feeding, the parasite swells up and becomes like a dark wart. It is easiest to spot on a light-coated dog. It is difficult to say how long a tick lives after a bite, because it is a very persistent parasite that can draw blood from a victim for a week, but, as a rule, it is noticed within the first three days.
Diseases of dogs from ticks
The easiest way to cure a dog is a small parasite called ear mites. They cause otodectosis, a disease that develops only in tetrapods, popularly called ear scabies. In advanced cases, especially if an ear mite is found in a puppy, it can spread throughout the animal’s body. In this case, the ixodid dog tick causes not only discomfort, but also very unpleasant sensations.
What are the symptoms of a tick bite in dogs in this case? The dog begins to itch, and a yellow or brown liquid is released from the ears, and the dog often shakes its head. How do I treat my dog for ear mites? In this case, it is enough to use special drops in the ears “Bars” and liquid on the withers.
It is more difficult if the pet is bitten by an ordinary tick. It can carry:
- Lyme disease (rare, so we won’t cover it).
Diseases from tick bites in dogs without modern therapy are fatal. If you notice signs of a tick bite in a dog, then it is worth observing its condition. Dogs develop symptoms of encephalitis after 14 days. These include:
- high fever;
- impaired motility;
- soreness in the neck and head;
If, when bitten by a tick, the pet’s temperature rises, then you should immediately take it to the veterinary clinic for a blood test. This reaction is given by almost all diseases of dogs from a tick bite.
Treating encephalitis in dogs is quite complex. In each case, different drugs are administered.
If the dog is bitten by a tick, home treatment is not possible. At the very least, a blood test should be taken. If you find signs of a dog bite with an encephalitis tick, then you need to get to the clinic literally in the next few hours, the sooner you show your pet to the veterinarian, the more chances that the outcome of the disease will be safe.
To recognize piroplasmosis in dogs, the photo will not help you. In this case, the symptoms of a dog’s disease with a tick bite will be as follows:
- a sharp increase in temperature, and then its decrease to a normal state;
- body trembling;
- pallor of the mucous membranes;
- vomiting and diarrhea;
- staining urine in a darker color, there may be traces of blood in it;
- hind limb problems;
- refusal of food and water.
Ticks cause different diseases in dogs, but their symptoms are similar, so the first thing you should do is to conduct a laboratory blood test.
On your own, before the result of the analysis, you can do little. Above all, avoid dehydration. pour up to 150 ml of pure water into the dog, and in case of vomiting, inject the liquid rectally or under the skin.
It will be impossible to completely cope with the disease without the introduction of the necessary medication. Try to have drugs for parasites “Veriben” or “Azidine” in your first-aid kit, if you are traveling far from veterinary clinics, then the question of how to treat a dog bite will not arise.
They are administered at the rate of 1 ml per 20 kilograms of weight. If the puppy is bitten by a tick, then 0.5 to 1 ml of medicine will be enough. As an auxiliary therapy, the pet is injected with glucose, vitamins B12 and B6 three times a day.
What to do if a puppy is bitten by a tick? The treatment process in this case does not differ at all from what needs to be done for an adult animal. However, remember that after the puppy has been bitten by a tick, an analysis must be done. Antiparasitic medicines are very toxic and can harm an immature body.
How to feed a dog with piroplasmosis? Preparations for parasites and the disease itself have a depressing effect on the pet’s digestive tract, so you should not feed the dog, even if it persistently asks for food. An injection of a dog from ticks carrying piroplasmosis is very toxic, so it is important for a pet to take a course of vitamins.
What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick
Ticks can be a big nuisance for both humans and dogs. We will tell you what to do if your dog is bitten by a tick. And also consider the questions: how much is it possible to cure it yourself and when not to do without a veterinarian?
First aid for dog tick bites
First, you need to remove the tick in one of the following ways:
- with a needle;
If you are unable to visit the veterinarian after the first signs of a tick bite appear, locate and remove the parasite from the wound. It is important that the parasite is not torn apart during the removal process. If this happens, your pet will need qualified help with a dog tick bite, and you will have to urgently go to a specialized clinic.
If you are traveling with your dog to the countryside, ask the pet doctor’s address in advance. Even the smallest villages have it.
Back to the question, the dog was bitten by a tick, what to do in this case? It is necessary to remove the parasite so as not to rupture the little body. use a heated needle for this. Bring it to the wound and the parasite will raise its head. Grab it with tweezers and place it in a small jar in case the tick bite gets worse. With a thread or tweezers, you can remove the tick with twisting movements.
With the help of oil or gasoline, the parasite releases the victim itself after a maximum of half an hour. However, using fluids can cause complications after a tick bite. They can burn the skin or get into the wound and cause poisoning of the dog.
You need to save the parasite in order to pick up a drug after a tick bite in advance. It can be taken to a laboratory and tested, this will help you know about the infection before signs appear. In a veterinary clinic, you can be tested for a tick for piroplasmosis and completely exclude the possibility of infection, they will also explain how to treat a dog with a tick bite.
With this disease, the work of red blood cells is disrupted. In a neglected state, even the death of a dog from a tick bite is possible.
Take a close look at what the bite site looks like. No parts of the parasite’s body should remain in the wound.
Rehabilitation of a dog after a tick bite
We have already figured out if the dog has a tick: what to do and how to treat it. Now you need to consider the features of pet rehabilitation. Pay attention to nutrition. it should be light food, and after the dog is strong, it should start giving raw fresh beef.
It is important to remove the litter after the dog, because ticks may remain in it that did not dig into the animal, or residues of saliva or urine may remain. A clean, fresh bed will help your dog recover from illness faster.
It is also good to wash your pet with parasite shampoo, put on a special collar and use drops on the withers. As an additional procedure, you can treat the animal before each walk with a special spray.
If you pay attention to the protection of the pet, the question of what to do if the dog is bitten by a tick will not arise. Remember that each subsequent infection with piroplasmosis will be more difficult, because immunity to this disease is not developed.
Differentiation of piroplasmosis and other diseases after a dog bite with a tick should be carried out with diseases such as canine bordetellosis, pyoderma in dogs, and timely vaccination of the dog will help to avoid problems.
If ticks are found in a dog: what to do?
It is extremely unpleasant to see a parasite on your pet, but you should not raise a panic. First of all, after a walk, carefully examine and comb your pet, paying attention to the neck, ears, stomach, paws. Small ticks in dogs on the coat are not uncommon, the main thing is to find them in time before the moment of sucking. As a rule, it takes them up to several hours to find a convenient place, but if the tick was very hungry, then everything can happen much faster.
Treatment is not always required after a dog tick bite, as not all of these insects are contagious. Depending on the year, only 3 to 14% of the entire tick population are infected. Diseases of dogs after a tick bite, we will also consider in this article.
With the right approach to treatment, everything will work out and the dog will survive. As in humans, encephalitis in dogs is a serious, complex and dangerous disease.
So, if you find a tick on your dog, what should you do? First of all, the subcutaneous parasite must be removed, and then the condition of the animal must be monitored. The first signs after a tick bite usually do not appear quickly. It is important to know the symptoms of an encephalitis tick bite in a dog and other complications that arise.
Rickettsiae Ehrlichia, parasitizing in cells, are to blame for the development of the disease. In Russia, ehrlichiosis, whose characteristic feature is considered to be a debilitating fever, has been diagnosed since 2002.
The decreased activity of the four-legged should be alerted. refusal to play, inhibited reactions, a constant desire to lie. It is worse if the symptoms are invisible from the outside: the disease will undermine the body, gradually incapacitating the eyes, blood vessels, joints, spleen, bone marrow and other organs.
Tick-borne encephalitis in a dog
According to tacit statistics, half of all canine deaths are caused by encephalitis and its complications. The volume of the lesion of the gray medulla determines the course of the disease and its symptoms, which can be:
- convulsions and tremors;
- paralysis, including of the facial nerve;
- lack of appetite and general lethargy;
- violation of chewing and motor functions;
- deterioration of vision (up to blindness);
- loss of smell;
- loss of consciousness and epilepsy;
- sinking into depression.
With extensive cerebral edema, treatment of the animal is difficult, and the progressive disease spreads to the spinal cord and further to other organs. A later visit to a doctor is fraught with paralysis and death of the pet, therefore, when a diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis is made, potent medications are prescribed immediately. Treatment ends with a recovery course.
Important! In some sources, encephalitis is called piroplasmosis and vice versa. In fact, these are different diseases, similar only in the nature of occurrence (infectious) and the severity of the course.
What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick
Dogs living in Russia are attacked by many ectoparasites, but the most significant threat comes from ixodid ticks, or rather from four of their species. Ixodes, Haemaphysalis, Dermacentor and Rhipicephalus.
The French drug Pirodog (efficiency 76-80%) is designed to protect against piroplasmosis and is injected twice with an interval of 3-4 weeks. Re-inoculation is done after a year or six months later, if there are a lot of ticks in the area.
The injection is capable of restarting the disease in an animal that has previously undergone pyroplasmosis. Pirodog can be combined with rabies and leptospirosis vaccinations, but not with others. Prohibited. vaccination of puppies up to 5 months of age and pregnant bitches.
These include acaricidal solutions (drops and sprays), as well as antiparasitic collars and a vaccine.
Drops and sprays
The effect of the drug decreases every day, starting from the minute it is applied to the wool: it is recommended to process it 2-3 days before going outdoors. However, no manufacturer gives a 100% guarantee of protection against blood-sucking.
- with long hair, you will need twice as much protective spray;
- Unlike drops on the withers, the spray is applied to the entire body, including the head, armpits, paws, behind the ears and groin;
- with frequent bathing, antiparasitic treatments are carried out more often.
Contact allergy of the dog to the active component of the spray / drops cannot be ruled out.