The veterinarians have arrived
Thank God, the dogs recovered, but I decided to thoroughly study this issue, in consultation with European veterinarians. Here’s what I was able to find out.
Pyroplasmosis. It is a canine disease with symptoms of severe fever, yellowing of visible mucous membranes, and blood in the urine. Carriers. ixodid ticks. Most of them are in spring, in April-May, and August-September, before the onset of cold weather. They love moisture, and the rainy summer actively promotes their spread. Not every dog has become infected if you find a sucking parasite on it. The problem is not so much the tick itself. only slight inflammation develops at the site of his bite. how much pyroplasm living in it. And therefore, even after removing a dozen ticks from an animal that are not affected by pyroplasmas, there is no need to fear that the dog will get sick. But, unfortunately, the tick does not say whether it can infect or not. Therefore, prevention is initially necessary, i.e. after each walk, you need to check the dog for ticks. In addition, treating the dog with anti-tick drugs.
The only active ingredient that protects against them. methoprene. Therefore, when buying a particular drug for ticks, check if it contains methoprene.
If you do find a sucking tick on the dog, watch it. If she changes her behavior and this is quite clearly striking, she becomes lethargic, loses interest in the life around her, moves reluctantly, refuses walks, food, the temperature is more than 39.5, this is already a cause for alarm.
If you have not paid attention to this, then the following symptoms will be: urine becomes reddish-brown in color, from beet to dark beer color, mucous membranes are pale or yellowish.
And now there is a very big difference in treatment.
The difference is that with the European approach, piroplasmosis is not a life-threatening disease, in which the dog is cured within 24 hours and has no consequences for the liver, kidneys and all other internal organs.
With the Russian approach, piroplasmosis. a life-threatening disease, in addition, the dog has a damaged liver, kidneys for months and recovers for weeks, or even months and, in principle, then has a sick liver all his life.
With Russian treatment, the dog is taken to a veterinarian who will do a blitz analysis for the presence of babesia in the blood, put the dog on a dropper, which is detrimental to health and is completely unnecessary, and will also give an injection of one or another antipyroplasmotic drug. The dog will lie on the dropper for 3 days in a row, after which it will treat the liver, kidneys for a long time, stubbornly and drearily and, in principle, restore the body for months due to the fact that this dropper has ruined many functions of the body.
In Europe, the approach is different: if there is a suspicion of piroplasmosis, you saw the initial symptoms described by me, then the dog is given a single injection of a drug containing imidocarb as an active ingredient.
The weight dosage indicated on the package is used. After that, the dog goes home, and if you give the injections yourself, then you just give the injection and don’t go anywhere with the dog, so as not to “heal”. After 2 weeks, a second injection is given, in the same dosage, of the same drug.
Preparations with the active ingredient imidocarb are completely harmless when used correctly, i.e. according to the dosage indicated on the package when using two injections (1. if symptoms occur, the second after 2 weeks). No drips, no body restorations, no liver treatments. I would also like to add that after the injection, the dog has full immunity from ixodid ticks for 30 days.
If you missed the onset of the disease and the dog’s urine has already darkened, then in addition to imidocarb, a course of the antibiotic doxycycline is prescribed for 14 days at a dosage according to weight.
If you were away from home all day and, having come home, found a dog with porcelain mucous membranes, temperature practically immobilized, then you need to urgently contact the veterinarian and do an ultrasound of the spleen.
If you see signs of a problem before the mucous membranes become porcelain in color, then piroplasmosis is treated with 2 simple injections. Unfortunately, if the case is neglected and the dog already has porcelain mucous membranes, the Russian system for the treatment of piroplasmosis is also likely to be ineffective. I wish all dogs not to pick up ticks, but if they have already picked up, I really hope that you will think well before putting them on a dropper, which is detrimental to health, instead of just two injections. “.
Every spring, dog owners are actively discussing how to protect their animals from tick-borne diseases. Due to warming, the season of their activity begins in April-May, and sometimes ends in December.
– To understand what happens after infection, you need to learn at least alphabetically about the pathophysiology of piroplasmosis (babesiosis). told in one of the Moscow veterinary clinics. Babesia (or Piroplasma). the simplest unicellular, parasitic in erythrocytes (red blood cells). When a dog is bitten by a tick infected with babesia, they enter the animal’s bloodstream and begin to multiply in red blood cells, destroying them.
The so-called free hemoglobin begins to enter the dog’s blood from the destroyed erythrocytes, and due to this, intoxication begins. Clinically, this is expressed in a rise in temperature, lethargy, refusal to feed. The liver is unable to cope with the utilization of such an amount of hemoglobin, the animal develops “hemolytic jaundice” and inflammation of the liver (hepatitis).
Hemoglobin is an oxygen carrier, but in a free state, outside of red blood cells, it is unable to perform its function. As a result, hypoxia (lack of oxygen) develops in organs and tissues. This is manifested by shortness of breath, increased heart rate. Anemia develops (mucous membranes, dog’s throat. become pale).
So, with a disease with piroplasmosis, the liver is the first to suffer. And the main mistake in the treatment. when the animal is given too many drugs that the affected liver simply cannot handle.
The main thing in the treatment of piroplasmosis. the use of antiparasitic drugs. There are many of them, they are divided into two large groups: preparations containing diminazene aceturate, and preparations based on imidocarb.
The first group is effective but toxic. Your dog may have symptoms of arsenic poisoning (convulsions). Therefore, when starting treatment, it is important to accurately observe the dosage given the weight of the dog. According to the instructions, the course of treatment consists of two injections, but there is no need to rush with the second injection. If after the first injection the animal’s condition has improved, the second can be omitted.
A common mistake: having not received the effect after the double administration of the drug prescribed by the instructions, the doctor prescribes the continuation of injections. This can lead to severe intoxication and death of the dog. If there is no improvement, then most often the diagnosis was erroneous and the dog is not sick with pyroplasmosis.
The second, more modern group. drugs based on imidocarb. They are less toxic and can also be used for prophylaxis. True, you should not get too carried away with chemoprophylaxis, because the long-term effects of the drug are unknown. It is better to treat after the fact of the disease. The main key to success. early start of treatment and correct diagnosis.
With regard to symptomatic treatment, all kinds of “additional” drugs, this is a very controversial issue. In our clinic, systems (droppers) are not used for all animals in a row, but only according to indications. The body of a dog, if it is not overloaded with unnecessary medications, most often itself copes with the elimination of free hemoglobin. Drinking without restrictions. this is usually sufficient. If jaundice appears, saline solutions and isotonic glucose solution can be dripped. No plasma substitution solutions are needed. Frequently prescribed diuretics are not needed either. they remove potassium, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the heart. Any antibiotic. this is also an additional load on the liver, their unmotivated prescription should be avoided.
Finally, an important question is how to recover from piroplasmosis. A protein-rich diet is often advised. The question is again ambiguous. The liver is affected, and with hepatitis, a diet with reduced m of protein is always recommended. Therefore, it is better to use medicated food. If the dog is on a natural diet, the amount of meat and meat products in the diet should be reduced during recovery.
How a dog gets piroplasmosis
Pyroplasmas have two types of hosts during their cyclical development. The first as intermediate are dogs, foxes, wolves, jackals and other canines, and the second as the final ones are ixodid ticks, in the body of which pyroplasmas reproduce and further transform.
Females. carriers of the infection transmit it to the laid eggs, from where the already infected larvae emerge. Therefore, at the stage of larvae, and in the future, such a tick, biting a healthy dog, will infect it with an infection.
Peak outbreaks in dogs coincide with tick-borne activity, which is more protracted than the threat to humans. Because the larvae and nymphs practically do not bite a person, but a dog for them is a completely accessible victim. This is when the threatening tick bite symptoms occur in the dog.
Registration of cases of piroplasmosis occurs throughout the entire period of above-zero temperatures. from the very beginning of spring to the end of autumn, without stopping even in the middle of summer, when it is the larvae and nymphs that begin to hunt. But general outbreaks traditionally occur in mid. late spring and late summer. mid autumn.
The dog, running on the ground covered with vegetation, becomes an easy target for the bloodsuckers waiting for a victim there. It is enough for them to just catch on to the wool, and then calmly under its cover to look for a convenient place for sucking and unhurried saturation for several hours, which for females of the parasite can drag on for several days.
Therefore, for a pet, even if it is treated with an anti-mite agent, it is better to do a thorough examination after each walk through the thickets of grass and bushes, probing especially vulnerable places on the body that are preferred by bloodsuckers:
- head and ear area;
- neck and chest;
- front and hind feet, groin area.
Unfortunately, not a single, even the best remedy will completely save the dog from a tick-borne attack, which is why dog owners should not lose their vigilance in a dangerous season. if treatment is not started in a timely manner, the death of the pet is inevitable.
Naturally, the symptoms of piroplasmosis in a dog after a tick bite will not be caused by every parasite found on it, but visually, alas, no one can determine whether a tick is caught or sterile.
Therefore, only one fact of the presence of a sucked bloodsucker on a pet is obliged to alert the responsible owner, ignoring and frivolity in such cases often leads to the loss of a four-legged friend.
How is piroplasmosis treated?
Prescribing treatment for an infected dog after a tick bite is based on laboratory data. Blood under a microscope clearly shows the presence of pyroplasmas. The therapy is aimed in a complex at destroying pathogens and cleansing the dog’s body from intoxication caused by the activity of the infection.
- Treatment is prescribed exclusively by a veterinarian, self-medication is unacceptable and entails negative consequences for the dog.
- You can often find folk advice on how to treat a dog after a tick bite. Exotic recipes are offered, up to the infusion of vodka.
- This is absolutely not worth doing! Not only will such an alternative therapy not help the dog, but also a precious chance will be missed to really cure the pet.!
Important! The sooner the pet is treated, the more opportunities the dog has to survive and recover without consequences.!
What to do if a tick is not found on a dog, but there are symptoms of piroplasmosis
Very often there is a picture when no tick was found in the dog, and the dog suddenly falls ill, and the symptomatology resembles piroplasmosis.
- This phenomenon can be explained by the fact that either, when examining the dog, the parasite had not yet had time to suck, but only wandered in the wool in search of a convenient place, or, having had enough, it had already fallen off without being detected.
- Such cases are dangerous in that the owners write off the dog’s malaise by accidental poisoning or some other disease, and sometimes they begin their own improper treatment.
- The absence of a protruding bloodsucker on the dog’s body makes it difficult to link symptoms with a tick bite in a dog, what to do. many in such cases do not know. The most important thing here is to pay attention to the color of the urine! If it has darkened, then there is piroplasmosis! The diagnosis is confirmed by a blood test taken from the dog at the veterinary clinic.
For your information! To avoid such misses, veterinarians advise to probe the pet not only upon arrival from a walk, but also after 2. 3 hours, in order to surely find the sucked parasite.
What to do if a tick is found on a dog
After the examination reveals a tick sticking out of the dog’s body, it is better to pull it out as soon as possible. The sooner the fact of a tick bite in a dog is revealed, the easier the symptoms and treatment will be, and the more favorable the outcome.
The duration of the bite of an infectious tick in a dog is of great importance, since the entry of pyroplasmas into the victim’s body is not interrupted during the period of feeding the bloodsucker. Accordingly, the earlier this process is terminated, the fewer infectious agents will enter the dog’s blood, and the easier and more successful the treatment will be.
Feeling the dog, you need to carefully walk along the folds, front suspension and neck, look into the ears, do not forget about the groin.
- A sucked mite is felt through the fur, like a hard bump the size of a pea or a small raisin, depending on the size of the portion of blood that the parasite has managed to absorb.
- Having spread the fur in a suspicious place and finding a protruding swollen tick, it is removed.
- If a veterinarian is available, then it is better to have such an extraction procedure done by a specialist. But since time does not stand, then in the absence of such an opportunity, you can pull out the parasite on your own.
- The best and most convenient way is to remove it with tweezers, when the tick is covered with a tool near the skin, where the proboscis entered the body, and, turning to either side, with a slight pulling movement, the whole bloodsucker is removed and alive.
- If you don’t have tweezers at hand, you can pull out the bloodsucker by hand, wrapped in a napkin or bandage with your fingers. The actions are the same. grab as close to the skin as possible, twist and extract.
- After removing the parasite, the wound on the dog’s skin must be carefully disinfected, the tick must be burned, scalded, or thoroughly crushed between layers of paper or cloth, and only then discarded.
Important! Possible signs of infection from a tick bite in a dog appear only when it is attacked by a tick infected with piroplasmas. Not all of the listed symptoms will necessarily appear in a bitten dog, even if it gets infected. Therefore, it is so important to watch your pet carefully for a week, and in case of the slightest deterioration, run to the veterinarian to start treatment.
Treatment and nutrition of a sick and recovering dog
The bite of an infectious tick in a dog causes symptoms that require treatment and special nutrition, that is, a complex for caring for a sick animal.
After the dog has been bitten by a tick and piroplasmosis is detected, it is transferred to a diet and adheres to this regimen until complete recovery.
- Meals include a light diet without heavy animal fats. chicken fillet, beef tenderloin, oatmeal.
- Food must be freshly prepared, water must be clean, you can drink rosehip broth without sugar.
- The veterinarian, in order not to prepare food for the dog every time, can advise a ready-made commercial food suitable for this period.
- The sparing regime also applies to walking. training, hunting, competitions and exhibitions are postponed until the veterinarian allows.
- The load on the body of a recovering dog should be minimal. a leisurely step, short walks for short distances, restrictions on outdoor games.
The duration of treatment and recovery of the dog depends on the severity of the infection, and may take 1. 2 months or more. To control severely ill-tolerated dogs, you will have to donate blood again and show the pet to the doctor.
What signs and symptoms are after a tick bite in a dog
If on the street the dog is bitten by a tick, then the consequences can be negative, and sometimes, alas, and lethal. She is threatened with infection with piroplasmosis, an infection caused by protozoa of the genus Piroplasma canis for canines. You can also find another name for the disease. babesiosis.
These pathogens live in the salivary glands of a tick infected with pyroplasmas, and get there when the bloodsucker feeds on the blood of a sick animal. After piroplasmas are transmitted from parasites to new generations, so their larvae and nymphs can also cause disease.
Infection with piroplasmosis in dogs leads to high mortality, therefore it is so important not to miss the characteristic symptoms after a bite in order to start treating on time and not to lose a four-legged friend.
What are the symptoms of piroplasmosis in a dog?
Owners of barking pets who are faced with a tick-borne attack for the first time do not really understand what symptoms to expect from a tick bite in a dog and what to do in the future. Indeed, many signs of piroplasmosis are similar to other canine sores. plague, enteritis, leptospirosis, which are not associated with a tick bite and require a completely different treatment.
A special problem is caused by the frequent fact when the dog was bitten by a tick, but was not found on the body, and the owner may not realize for a long time that the deterioration of his four-legged friend is associated with a tick.
In each dog, the infection manifests itself in a purely individual way. The presence of pyroplasmas in the blood is more difficult to tolerate:
- young dogs;
- chronically sick dogs;
- purebred dogs.
Therefore, an understanding of the picture of the disease and what symptoms clearly indicate it will help to start emergency treatment on time.
- The earliest signs to help alert the owner is a decrease in dog activity. The dog loses its usually inherent playfulness, does not show joy, becomes apathetic, does not ask for a walk, stops jumping and running carelessly.
- The next initial symptoms that allow one to suspect piroplasmosis are loss of appetite and refusal not only from food, but also from a previously beloved and desired treat. Nutrition becomes problematic. the dog literally fails to feed. The fact that the dog turns away from the treat is the SOS signal in the early days of infection.!
- After, on the 3rd. 5th day, more alarming signs of digestion appear. vomiting, often mucus, because the dog remained hungry all this time, and sometimes diarrhea with a characteristic bright yellow or greenish color of liquid masses. Symptoms of diarrhea are not always observed, the stool may look normal, but the color changes to the indicated.
- At the same time, you can already notice that the dog is trying to move less, as if it brings him suffering. Her steps are constrained, she prefers to constantly lie away from the master’s eyes and not leave a secluded place. Such symptoms already indicate the progression of the disease.
- But the main signs in piroplasmosis are associated with a change in the color of urine. it darkens noticeably, acquiring a resemblance to beer or coffee, and may change to a dark brown color. Such symptoms unmistakably indicate precisely the pyroplasmas in the blood, destroying red blood cells, and the need to urgently begin treatment, otherwise irreversible processes can soon kill the dog.
- In healthy adult dogs, the picture may be completely asymptomatic, when the dog dies suddenly for the owners, without showing any special signs of discomfort before this. But an attentive owner, even with the usual behavior of his dog, will notice a changed suspicious color of urine, and guess that this is due to the consequences of a tick bite on his dog.
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Important! As soon as the urine changed color, the expense of the pet’s life, if you do not urgently start treatment, went for hours! On the fifth day after the onset of the disease, the dog dies! Already at this stage, you will have to take resuscitation measures.
How to properly remove the parasite
When the owner finds a tick in the pet, the first step is to remove it from the skin. If he was discovered immediately after walking, then most likely he had not yet had time to suck. It usually takes an insect 4-6 hours to find the most delicate areas of the skin to bite.
If, after walking, you regularly comb out the dog, then the tick damage will be reduced to zero, since all uninvited guests will be removed with a brush.
If this did not happen, and the parasite still managed to suck, then it is usually found in the form of a ball crimson with blood. And in this form, the tick must be removed, since this insect is a carrier of various infections, including encephalitis. The removal procedure is best done with medical gloves.
In order for the tick to remove the head from the skin, you can drop oil or cologne on it. One drop is enough, after which you need to wait a minute. If the head does not appear, drip again.
After a few minutes, you need to make a loop of the thread, try to catch the insect with it, as close to the skin as possible, and rotate the thread in one direction. If everything is done correctly, then after one or two turns the tick comes out.
There is another proven method: bring a needle heated over a fire to the place where the proboscis is immersed. The tick usually pulls out its head instantly.
One very important warning. do not pull out the insect under any circumstances, as it can burst and infect the pet.!
The bitten surface is treated with iodine, hydrogen peroxide, fucorcin or brilliant green. It is worth watching for a while for the swelling that forms at the site of the bite. If over time it does not subside, increases in size, turns red or tears, then it is necessary to show the pet to the veterinarian.
The main symptoms of a tick bite in a dog
Signs of a tick bite should be known to every dog owner. If the current is lightning fast, then something cannot be done, in this case the disease wins in any situation. But this is a rather rare form of the disease, and in most cases, an acute form of the disease is observed. It is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- An increase in body temperature to 40-42C. it is worth noting that the temperature lasts for about 24-48 hours, then it normalizes, and a little later begins to decrease. It is worth worrying if the thermometer shows less than 38.5 C.
- Another common symptom is lethargy. The animal shows little activity, does not run for walks, often lies.
- In most cases, food refusal is observed.
Other symptoms are optional, but sometimes present in infected animals:
- mucous membranes turn pale;
- the dog can lie on its back and whine plaintively (this is a reaction to pain in the abdomen);
- females may start bleeding from the vagina;
- the pet may begin to stagger when walking, this happens when the hind limbs fail;
- indigestion in the form of diarrhea and vomiting rarely occurs.
With a significant development of the infection, a putrid odor begins to emanate from the pet’s mouth, the urine becomes dark, with a bloody impurity.
Does a tick always infect a dog?
If we take into account the parasite itself, then it is not dangerous for the dog, because even eating blood, it cannot bleed the animal. The threat lies in the fact that ticks are carriers of parasitic microorganisms that settle in red blood cells and gradually destroy them. They multiply very intensively, and if you do not conduct emergency therapy, then only 2% of affected animals have a chance of survival.
Of course, such statistics scare dog owners, and in the event of a pet bite, they start to panic. This is strictly prohibited. Quite often, animals bring parasites from a walk, but they never get sick, since not all insects are carriers, but only on average a tenth of them.
After removing the tick, the dog’s condition should be monitored, and any changes (deterioration in condition) in behavior is a significant reason for contacting the veterinarian.
The dog was bitten by a tick. What to do
Starting from warm spring days, people go on vacation outside the city. to the river, to the village, to the forest. And, of course, they take home four-legged pets with them. On the one hand, outdoor activities bring benefits to the pet, on the other hand, the risk of tick damage increases. Not all dog owners know what to do if a dog is bitten by a tick. What if this misfortune still befell the pet??
Diagnosing the disease
What needs to be done after a tick bite is understandable, but there are situations when symptoms appear for no apparent reason. In this case, the owners are at a loss as to what happened to their beloved dog.?
The thing is that the disease does not always manifest itself in the first days after the bite. Sometimes the infection in the body “subsides”, waiting for a more opportune moment when the animal’s body weakened. Naturally, the owner will not associate the pet’s loss of appetite in winter with the fact that the dog was bitten by a tick in the summer. But it is better if the owner remembers such an event and is able to deliver the animal to a doctor for examination in a timely manner.
Another nuance: a tick that carries an infection may not behave like a healthy insect. The males of the parasite can bite, but not stick, but fall off immediately. This lesion of the dog is almost impossible to notice, especially if the dog is large and has dark hair.
One can only recommend that in the season of an increase in the number of insects it is better to look closely at the state of a four-legged friend.
Why is a tick bite dangerous?
The smallest parasites that are carried by ticks, penetrating into red blood cells, destroy cells, provoke a serious violation of metabolic processes and severe intoxication.
Usually, the first signs of the disease are observed 6-10 days after a tick bite. But the intensity of the symptoms and their manifestation depends on the form in which the disease proceeds:
- Hyperacute course of the disease. signs of infection appear on the second day, infection leads to the death of the pet.
- Acute course is the most common form of the disease, symptoms appear after 5-7 days.
- The chronic form of the disease is very difficult to diagnose. The pet has a short rise in temperature, weakness and lethargy, then a period of improvement begins. Then the dog suddenly refuses to eat for no apparent reason. Such fluctuations in the state last long enough, but nevertheless the disease wins. the pet becomes weak, constantly tired, his appetite disappears.
Naturally, the owners have a question: “How can you help a dog at home?” But this is the case when the only correct decision is to deliver the animal to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. Only after diagnosis, the doctor prescribes the appropriate medication. Without them, the dog has no chance of a cure.
First aid for a tick bite
If a dog is bitten by a tick, treatment should not be long in coming! If possible, at the first sign of infection, the dog should be taken to the clinic. But what to do if the disease was caught by surprise somewhere in the village, outside the city, far from veterinary services? In this case, you need to act independently.
If the dog refuses to eat and feed, dehydration should not be allowed. It is necessary to pour water into the dog’s mouth every 30-40 minutes. 50-100 ml each. If you vomit, it will be more effective to give an enema or a subcutaneous injection with the same amount of liquid. Thus, the body will receive the missing moisture.
As an emergency therapy, it is necessary to give the dog subcutaneous injections with glucose, vitamins B6 and B12 three times a day. This will help support the body in the fight against the disease, but without special drugs against parasites, the dog will not be cured. Their self-introduction without correct diagnosis can harm the animal.
If there is a completely hopeless situation, there is no way to show the dog to the veterinarian, and the condition is accompanied by all the obvious symptoms, you can give the dog an injection of Azidine or Veriben, accurately calculating the dosage based on the weight of the pet.
As soon as the situation stabilizes, it is necessary first of all to pass the tests of the dog to the laboratory to clarify the diagnosis. It is necessary that the doctor prescribes complex therapy, since an untreated infection can lead to serious consequences.
After that, there is a long rehabilitation course aimed at restoring the intestinal microflora, normalizing the activity of vital organs, and, importantly, strengthening the immune forces of the dog’s body.
The owner’s attentive attitude to his pet will help to timely detect a threat in the form of a tick and prevent the development of serious complications.
A week ago we faced this “to put it mildly” problem. We have a German shepherd dog 2 years old. I never thought that you can pick up a tick on a walk or in an aviary. At first, the dog refused to eat. We chalked it up to malaise. On the third day, the state of health sharply worsened: the temperature rose, the dog’s hind legs sharply gave up and blood appeared in the urine. In general, it’s scary. We live in a small town (there are no veterinary clinics). I had to save myself. In a pharmacy (regular) we buy: ANY ANTIBIOTIC (we took BICILIN-5), NO-SHPA, CYCLOFEROC, and vitamin B12 (all in ampoules) and REGIDRON (powder). In the veterinary pharmacy we buy the drug: PYRO STOP. (We were sold by the weight of the dog, right there the pharmacist asked for the weight. We weigh about 15 kg. They put it in a syringe right away, because the drug is toxic. But it saves)
First: Immediately inject PYRO STOP subcutaneously into the scruff of the dog. Pull back the skin and prick. And immediately 4 injections into the hind leg intramuscularly ANTIBIOTIC, NO-SHPA, CYCLOFEROC, and vitamin B12.
We made 1 puncture. Then they just changed the syringes.
Every 6 hours, continue to inject ANTIBIOTIC.
On the first night, vitamin B12 was injected with him.
The temperature was knocked down with CHILDREN’S NUROPHENE (syrup).
By the evening of the next day, the dog rose to its feet. But very weak.
Further, according to the same scheme (4 injections at the same time) in the morning and in the evening for a couple of days until visible improvement.
From the third day we stop injections of NO-SHPA and CYCLOFERON. And antibiotic and B12 kolem in the morning and evening within 10 days from the moment of the first injection.
And also the obligatory drink. Constantly. The dog refuses. We put on a muzzle and with a syringe (without a needle, of course) pour in water diluted with REGYDRON. When the dog is better also kefir, weak broths. (in general, about the diet of a person after surgery). But I should drink as much as possible.
Whenever he wants, in a day or two we take him out for a walk, so that the internal organs work better. Easier to go to the toilet after a walk. But now we are carefully treating the paws and stomach with tick repellents.
That’s how they saved themselves. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to take to the veterinarian. Love your “kids”. And don’t get sick
The dog was bitten by a tick. What to do?
Spring is green grass, good weather, we spend more time outdoors with our pets, giving them freedom and letting them off the leash. Being in nature for pets is not only pleasant moments, but also hidden dangers. And you need to be ready for anything. The long-awaited spring is followed by small and big problems that dog owners have to face while walking. And now I would like to draw your attention to the warnings about small, but sometimes very dangerous insects. ticks. This is especially important for inexperienced dog owners, whose pet meets spring for the first time in its life, to actively get acquainted with the surrounding spring environment and awakened nature.
If this is the first spring for your pet, first of all introduce him to the street and nature. You should not immediately let the dog off the leash and let everything take its course, they say, “the animal itself knows what is possible and what is not.” At first, go out on the grass with him, play on a leash, control his every step and action. Since at first he will be guided by curiosity and instincts, you need to show what can and cannot be done. This should be approached in the same way as teaching the dog commands, that is, you need to teach the dog to behave in nature. It’s like walking with children, you need to look at the pet in both eyes, so that you can prevent its mistake in time, so that a fun pastime does not turn into a tragedy.
Ticks are bugs from the arachnid class. There are so many of them that they are considered the largest group in their class. They are microscopic, and can also reach a size of more than 1 cm. The ticks, which we will now discuss, belong to the ixodid family. These beetles do not live on the body of dogs, other animals and people, but only temporarily parasitize, feeding on blood.
Ixodid ticks are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. The size of the males is 2-3 mm; females can reach 10 mm or more. Ticks live from 2 to 4 years depending on the region.
Ticks live in shady, humid places. Most often found in the forest, in the park and garden, in the fields and meadows. And also they can be found in urban areas overgrown with bushes. In short, ticks are everywhere.
Some species of ixodid ticks are disease vectors. And the most common disease in dogs, the pathogens of which are transmitted by ticks, is piroplasmosis.
There is a high probability that your pet may be attacked by a tick, which is a carrier of pyroplasmosis. Piroplasm (Piroplasma canis) can enter the bloodstream of a dog when bitten by ticks. For several days (sometimes up to 2 weeks), pyroplasm actively multiplies in the pet’s blood, affecting the hematopoietic organs and erythrocytes. And a moment comes when your pet’s body is no longer able to compensate for the loss, and the waste products of pyroplasm cause intoxication. After the dog has been bitten by a piroplasmic tick, the following symptoms are observed:
- loss of appetite (refusal to eat breakfast);
- an increase in body temperature (up to 40 ° C or more);
- reddish-brown urine, or dark beer color;
- weakness of the hind limbs;
- possibly vomiting, diarrhea.
If you see any of the above symptoms in your pet, contact your veterinarian immediately. By ignoring or not keeping track of the condition and well-being of the dog, you risk losing it.
There are cases of dogs recovering without the intervention of a veterinarian. After that, immunity is developed, and the pet no longer shows symptoms of the disease. In this case, it can be a carrier of piroplasmosis and infect other ticks. But, not all dogs can withstand the disease, especially you should not take risks with breeds that are strongly deviated from the natural form. the wolf. Therefore, do not be surprised that wild animals in the forest, yard dogs and even guard dogs that live year-round in the yard in an aviary or on a chain do not suffer from piroplasmosis, and your Pekingese, Shih Tzu or Yorkie lies under a dropper for the second time in a row.
I really liked the article on this subject “On the problems of treatment of piroplasmosis” from the German Great Dane kennel “Classic Dog”. For me, she became the first sign and the basis for more in-depth reflections on this matter.
Tip: Always watch your dog’s tail. If during a walk, the tail is not active for a long time, it is worth examining the pet’s health in more detail. Most likely your dog is thirsty, give him a drink of water while walking. But, if she refused water and continues to mope, the problem should be considered deeper. It is possible that your pet is sick with pyroplasmosis. You should especially pay attention to this if the dog refused breakfast (even his most beloved delicacy). then you definitely should urgently take to the doctor and do a blood test.
Piroplasmosis is not transmitted to humans. But, there are rare cases.
- March. May;
- Aug. Sept.
In summer, at the peak of the heat, the activity of ticks decreases, and in winter they sleep. In March, as soon as the sun begins to warm up, the air becomes humid and smells like spring, ticks wake up hungry and begin their hunt for animals, also sparing no dogs and people.
In autumn, after the exhausting heat, the second season of active hunting of warm-blooded ticks begins. It is during these periods: March-May, August-September, you should more carefully monitor your pet, take all the necessary measures to protect it from tick bites.
How to protect your dog from ticks
To protect the dog from ticks, special drops should be applied to the withers (along the back). For a certain time (an average of 1 month), these agents scare away ticks. Flea and tick collars are very popular. They can be a good addition to your basic remedies. But, not as a basic defense. Collars are designed for an average of 6-7 months of use. There are also sprays that should be applied directly to the fur of the animal. Spray your pet with a spray on average once a week, as well as the day before walking in densely vegetated places. All of these remedies for ticks (and other insects) are called acaricidal drugs. They should be used regularly, as no acaricidal agent will provide complete protection for your pet for more than 4 weeks.
After each walk, and possibly during a long walk, the dog should be examined in order to detect the tick in time. After getting on the dog’s body, the tick looks for a secluded place for itself within 15-20 minutes. Therefore, perhaps you can just have time to shake off the bugs from the surface of the dog’s fur.
What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick
If a dog is bitten by a tick, it can stay on the animal’s body for up to 10 days. Areas on the dog’s body that are most exposed to tick bites:
- the area behind the ears;
- elbow area.
During the bite, the tick secretes saliva, due to which blood clotting is prevented. Also, tick saliva acts as anesthesia for the animal, so the dog may not feel pain when bitten by an insect.
If you find a tick on your dog, it should be removed. You can contact your veterinarian, or you can do it yourself:
- liberally lubricate the tick and the area around it with vegetable oil (you can use petroleum jelly);
- with tweezers, pinch the body of the bug and pull it up in a slow circular motion;
- after removing the tick, lubricate the damaged skin of the dog with an antiseptic;
- kill the tick. Best to burn.
The whole mite should be removed from the dog’s skin. There are times when, due to the awkward removal of the tick, the body comes off, and the head remains in the skin. In this case, you should consult a doctor for help, since it is very difficult to remove the remnants of the beetle yourself.
After removing the tick, monitor your dog’s health and mood. After all, the tick could be a carrier of pyroplasm.
How to remove a tick from a dog?
Do not pull out the tick with your bare hands, because you can get infected from it if there is damage to the skin. Other methods (oil, alcohol, syringe) are usually ineffective and even dangerous in terms of increasing the risk of infection.
If your dog is bitten by a tick while armed with the right tools, follow the step-by-step guide. Different tools are used to remove the tick: tweezers and hooks. But if you don’t have any of these on hand, regular fine-tipped forceps will do the trick too.
How to treat a tick bite in a dog? After removing and disposing of the tick, thoroughly clean the bitten area with soap and water or pour disinfectant on the wound. Use chlorhexidine, betadine, and other antiseptics. Observe the bite site for several days. If you notice irritation or inflammation, see your veterinarian.
Grab the tick with clean tweezers or a special hook as close to the surface of the skin as possible. This will help to hook it closer to the salivary glands, the current in which it is desirable to block the current with a sufficiently strong pressure.
While pinching, gently pull the body of the tick away from the skin. Pull gently and evenly. Do not tear or twitch: this can cause the head to come off and remain in the skin. Remember: the tick drove an anchor into the body with notches that interfere with extraction. Pull out perpendicular to the skin, twisting the parasite around its axis clockwise or counterclockwise. whichever is more convenient for you.
You can get a special hook to remove the tick to keep it at home just in case
The best way to deal with ticks is to check your pet’s body every day from tail to nose after every walk. Read also about other preventive measures.
pull out the tick’s head
It is not uncommon for the head of a tick to remain in the skin after removal. Then you will see a small black dot at the site of the bite. A stuck head itself is harmless, but it can cause inflammation, so it is best to remove it as soon as possible.
You can pull out the stuck head with pointed tweezers. But if you do not know how to pull out the leftovers, or have already tried and failed, do not try to pick out to the bitter end. Better see your veterinarian.
Why is it important to get the tick out quickly??
The bite itself is not dangerous: it is dangerous if, together with its saliva, an infection enters the dog’s bloodstream. The longer the tick is attached to the skin, the higher the chance of transmission of an infectious agent. The tick usually drinks blood within 36-48 hours, but the risk of infection is minimal in the first 24 hours.
During attachment, the mite releases cementitious saliva. This saliva can also be infected, but this is not common. On the first day after attachment, the tick does not yet drink blood: it injects anesthetic substances so that the victim does not feel the bite. After anesthesia and cementation, a lysis zone is created in the area of the bite. a seal (granuloma), where the tick injects substances to digest blood. He does not drink unprepared blood, but in fact does the same thing as the spider. Only the spider eats the whole prey, first digesting it inside itself, and the tick hunts for large prey, digesting a small part of their blood inside the granuloma.
During the next phase, when the tick is drinking the digested blood, the risk of infection is greatest. This is due to the fact that the process of osmoregulation begins: excess fluid that has entered the tick is injected back into the victim’s bloodstream, i.e. the tick spits up. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the parasite injects immunosuppressants into the site of the bite, which reduce the victim’s local immunity. Therefore, the risk of infection from tick infections increases.
Why is a tick in a dog dangerous??
Ticks do not live on animals permanently like fleas, but use their “hosts” for reproduction and nutrition. At the same time, they carry bacterial, viral infections, parasitic diseases. One of them, the most common one, is Piroplasma canis or piroplasmosis, the pathogens of which are carried by ixodid ticks. Piroplasmosis destroys red blood cells, leads to oxygen starvation, anemia, inflammation, damage to internal organs and death of the animal.
All this can be avoided by helping the dog in time, in the first hours after the detection of the tick.
What to do when everything happened or how to get a tick out of a dog?
Even despite the prevention and frequent examinations of the dog while walking, the tick can bite it. If this happens, quickly begin to follow the instructions:
- Kill the tick. Veterinarians advise pulling out the tick dead; to neutralize it, you need to fill it with vegetable oil or alcohol. It may take 20 minutes in total.
- While the oil or alcohol is in effect, prepare a fireproof container for the insect and tools: gloves, a surgical clamp, or curved medical tweezers. It’s good to have such tools in the house just in case, but if not, ordinary cosmetic tweezers or any clamp will do. If there are no gloves, hands need to be treated with an antiseptic or just wash well with soap and water. before and after the procedure.
- Make sure that the tick is dead (when trying to pull it out, it will not move its legs), grab it with a tool as close to the bite site as possible, gently clamp its proboscis, turn it counterclockwise and at the same time, gently pull it up. Typically, 1-4 turns are enough to get the tick out of the dog’s skin.
- Treat the edges of the bite wound with an antiseptic.
- Put the tick in the prepared container, close it with a lid. It is worth keeping the tick in order to conduct its laboratory research. If you do not plan to do this, burn the insect. without removing it from the jar, under a closed lid.
It is not recommended to press, tear and pull out the tick sharply. Parts of it can remain in the skin, which can prolong the healing process or cause inflammation.
ADVICE FROM EXPERIENCED DOGGERS
If you do not have gloves, you can wrap your fingers with antiseptic-treated gauze or bandage. If there is no available means to remove the tick, and your fingers do not work, try using a thread: throw a loop over the insect, tighten it around the proboscis and, slowly swinging it, pull it up until it comes out.
The mite has been eliminated, but it’s too early to relax
The first 3-4 days and another 10 days after the bite, the dog should be observed. The following symptoms after a tick bite in a dog should alert and raise suspicions of infection:
- The body temperature has increased to 40-42 она if it is medium or large, or to 39. 39.5 ℃ if it is small.
- A dog with a good appetite has become indifferent to food.
- The animal became less active, noticeably lost interest in walking and playing.
- Darkened urine.
- Mucous membranes and whites of the eyes turned yellow.
ATTENTION: When a dog’s condition changes after a bite, it is imperative that you contact your veterinarian as soon as possible for diagnostics and treatment.
How to understand that a tick has stuck to a dog?
Most doctors say that there are practically no obvious signs of a dog bite by a tick, especially if the insect was without “surprises”.
ADVICE FROM EXPERIENCED DOGGERS
Inspect the animals carefully after walking during the period of bloodsucking activity. from August to October and from March to May. Favorite places of ticks on a dog: head, neck, chest, groin. see the picture.
If you notice that the dog, during or after a walk, began to scratch more often, or somehow anxiously licks those places that she usually does not pay attention to, be sure to examine it.
The tick does not stick to the dog right away: for 2-3 hours it can look for a more comfortable place, about the same amount it attaches and fixes the proboscis, and only then it sticks. That is, if you walk with the dog for a long time, it is worth periodically, for example, every two hours to examine it in order to shake off the bloodsuckers in time.
Veterinarian comment: Shestakovskaya Victoria
Specialist in veterinary medicine, chief physician of the “Healthy Animals Club
The best treatment. this is prevention and tick bites are no exception. Tablet formulations work best to protect against both fleas and ticks. And do not think that ticks can bite only in the warm season. In the fall, ticks are also extremely aggressive and they actively try to get to your dog. So the best option would be year-round treatment of the dog from ectoparasites.
How To Take A Tick Off Your Dog. Professional Dog Training Tips
Dogs cannot be denied outdoor walks, they need freedom, they love to run, chase cats, flirt with other dogs. If the weather is good, the dog is taken to the forest, park, to the river, to the sea, because there you can run until the paws fall off, without fear of a run-in with fearful passers-by. Sun, wind, silky grass and. dog ticks!
They can ruin the experience of a picnic for the whole family, and if you do not take measures in time, do not help the dog, the country weekend can be the last for her. What’s so terrible about ticks?
What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick ?! Tips that can save your pet’s life
Should I donate a tick and dog’s blood for diagnosis??
The analysis of a dog tick for the presence of pathogens in it takes at least 3 days. If something unpleasant happens and the dog does become infected, the symptoms are likely to appear earlier. For the sake of a long-term perspective, given that the general observation of an animal lasts at least 2 weeks, it is worth taking a tick for analysis. at least for the sake of your own peace of mind.
The blood of the dog for analysis is taken from the incisions on the ears. It is checked, on average, the same 3 days, therefore, when thinking about the analysis, you need to proceed from the considerations given above.
It is possible that clinics in your city carry out express diagnostics of ticks and blood. In this case, the determining factors will only be the physical ability to go to the laboratory and money.
There are effective remedies for protecting dogs from ticks, but even if you use them, do not forget and do not be lazy to examine your pets after a walk. In the case of ticks, extra foresight does not hurt.