How to give a kitten “Smecta” for diarrhea: action, dosage, recommendations
If the doctor has prescribed treatment for diarrhea for your ward, most likely, Smecta will be the main therapeutic agent. How to give a kitten “Smecta” correctly and is the drug harmless for a baby? How to calculate the dosage and is it worth using a human drug in the treatment of a quadruple? If you have any of these or similar questions, below you will receive all the answers.
Digestion features in kittens
Each kitten’s digestive system will face two major challenges. The fact is that mala is born with sterile microflora and one of its main tasks is to travel to the mother’s nipple.
In the first sips of rich colostrum, the kitten absorbs bacteria that colonize its intestines and help digest breast milk. After giving birth, the cat feeds the kittens with colostrum for 1-3 days, after that, its composition changes.
A kitten weaned from its mother, if it survives artificial feeding, has a distorted intestinal microflora, which leads to frequent digestive problems. constipation and diarrhea.
When a baby turns 1 month old, a new test awaits his digestive system. getting used to adult food. Regardless of whether the mother of kittens eats natural food or industrial food, for kittens this food is new, one might say, unnatural. The microflora intended for the digestion of milk begins to be partially replaced, and the intestines become irritated. The kitten has runny stools or diarrhea, which indicates that the intestines are protecting themselves by more mucus secretion. If the kitten is healthy, then at 2 months (plus or minus a week) its digestion will return to normal.
There is also a risk. Diarrhea quickly leads to dehydration, and when it comes to a kitten, the period is reduced to 20-30 hours. If the cause of diarrhea is not a change in diet, and the baby is not helped, then his condition will greatly worsen. Dehydration leads to thickening of the blood, which adversely affects all systems of life.
Do I need to give “Smecta” to a kitten?
Immediately after the introduction of complementary foods, the kitten is likely to develop diarrhea, so Smecta can be dissolved in water for preventive purposes. If everything goes naturally, then diarrhea will not last more than 5 hours or it will not be at all. If you are not sure that diarrhea is a reaction to a change in diet, then immediately consult your doctor. An adult cat can live quite a long time even with acute diarrhea, and the kitten will quickly die from dehydration.
In case of poisoning or eating spoiled food, diarrhea and vomiting cannot be eliminated, since these are the most effective ways to quickly cleanse the body of toxins. If after taking Smecta more than 2 hours have passed and the condition has not improved, the reason is not only poisoning, perhaps the liver or pancreas cannot withstand the load on the body.
Do not postpone a visit to the doctor if the kitten has refused food and water! Again, if it were an adult cat, you would have a time buffer, you cannot hesitate with a kitten. A drop in baseline body temperature, lethargy and lethargy are also very disturbing symptoms, indicating that diarrhea is not the problem.
Purpose and action of “Smekty
The drug is available in the form of a powder of color and is packaged in 3 gram sachets. In accordance with the instructions, before use, the powder must be diluted with 100-120 ml of liquid. The volume of packaging implies that a person will take the medicine, so you do not need to give the whole sachet to the kitten at once!
Smecta is one of the universal drugs for the treatment of intestinal disorders, without contraindications and side effects.
The prepared suspension quickly enters the intestines, where it has two main effects:
- Coats walls, relieves irritation, reduces mucus production.
- Absorbs toxins like a sponge, making the kitten feel better.
After 2-3 hours, the medicine completely leaves the body with urine. If you decide to give the kitten “Smecta” for diarrhea, the risk of stopping the intestines (peristalsis) is significantly reduced. It is believed that even a stopped peristalsis in a kitten is easy to start again, and this is true if the rest of the animal is healthy. If you picked up the baby on the street and are not sure of the anamnesis, using stronger remedies is very risky.
If the kitten develops diarrhea, it does not need to be fed for 10-12 hours, since the ingress of food into the intestines stimulates the reproduction of pathogenic (unfriendly) microflora.
The absorbing property of Smecta must be taken into account if the kitten is prescribed additional drugs. The suspension is drunk 3-4 times a day and should not be given immediately after the medication. The active ingredients of the drug, in fact, are also toxins that Smecta will absorb and remove from the body.
In very rare cases or with a significant excess of the dosage, the kitten may develop constipation from Smecta.
How to give correctly?
The dosage for a kitten does not differ from that for an adult animal. approximately 1.5 grams of powder per 50 ml of water. However, the single dose differs, which should not exceed 20 ml. It will be much better if you give the medicine more often but little by little. Make sure your baby goes to the toilet. Smecta is excreted in the urine and if the baby does not urinate, most likely, the problem is also in the kidneys.
Long-term experience of using Smekta has shown that the treatment is effective for any pets, regardless of age. Even with the manifestation of a side effect. constipation, the baby’s condition should improve. It is easier to deal with constipation, it is enough to slightly adjust the diet or add a drop of flaxseed oil to the food.
Without food, the baby can live for more than a day, but it is better that this period does not exceed 12 hours. If the kitten did not drink for a long time, the threat is many times more serious, dilute Smecta with a lot of water and forcefully water the baby.
Next, let’s figure out how to give a kitten Smecta to drink. Quite a few animals drink the suspension themselves without any problems and love its sweetish taste. If the kitten does not refuse the liquid, just make sure that he drinks the right amount of the suspension. In case of resistance or refusal, the medicine must be drunk forcibly. Since we are talking about a kitten, you need to act carefully and make sure that the baby does not choke.
- Use a 2-cc syringe without a needle, so you can accurately dose the volume of the suspension.
- Let the kitten sniff the syringe before drinking, the baby will be calmer if he understands what is happening.
- Do not pour the suspension between the incisors, it is better to stick the syringe nozzle from the side, between the chewing teeth.
- If the kitten chokes, postpone the procedure and help him calm down.
- No matter how small the kitten is, it can severely scratch or bite, so for the procedure, it is better to wrap it in a thick towel.
- Pour in the suspension in a few milliliters, raise the head of the kitten and stroke the neck. this way you will achieve maximum swallowing and the baby will not choke.
Advice: if the kitten resists strongly, and a lot of suspension has spilled, it is better to play it safe and increase the dose. An overdose of Smecta is not dangerous, at least not more dangerous than severe diarrhea.
After the first intake of the suspension, you need to closely monitor the ward for 1-3 hours. Usually, noticeable improvement occurs during this period. Even if the kitten has become much easier, taking Smecta should be continued for 1-3 days. The fact is that toxins will continue to be produced in the intestine until the pathogenic flora is completely destroyed, and this (with the best forecasts) takes a day.
Lack of improvement within 3 hours indicates that you have miscalculated the dosage or that the cause of the diarrhea is not an irritation of the intestines. You can take a chance, drink Smecta again and wait another hour, but it is better to immediately take the baby to the clinic. The suspension has only a local effect, that is, it will not help if the kitten has severe poisoning or liver problems. The condition will ease, but the root cause will not be eliminated, which is dangerous and leads to the loss of precious time.
The last warning concerns kittens picked up outside. Wandering babies are most often affected by worms, which can also cause diarrhea. Smecta does not help with worms, but ordinary parasicidal agents cannot be given for diarrhea. You need to see a doctor or use a gentle suspension for kittens, which kills and paralyzes worms. It is impossible to combine the drinking of Smekta and the poisoning of parasites, since the absorbent will significantly reduce the effectiveness of the antihelminthic suspension.
A kitten has diarrhea. How to treat if the cause is poisoning with household pesticides
If poisoning is detected, you must immediately contact a veterinary clinic. It is important to tell your doctor if you know what substance the animal was poisoned with so that you can use an antidote, if any.
Also, for any poisoning, the following is carried out:
- Gastric lavage.
- Giving inside enterosorbents (Smecta, Enterosgel, activated carbon).
- Restoration of intestinal microflora (Vetom 1.1, Vetom 3).
Read other helpful articles about cats on our website: How to give medicine to a cat? Tips for keeping your cat comfortable. https://strazhchistoty.ru/cleanup/cleancats/kak-dat-lekarstvo-koshke.html How to learn to understand your cat. https://strazhchistoty.ru/cleanup/cleancats/kak-ponimat-koshku. html Alarm cat. How to wean a pet from the habit of waking up. https://strazhchistoty.ru/cleanup/cleancats/kak-otuchit-kota-budit.html
What to do if a kitten has diarrhea at home, and the reason is in violation of feeding
If an intestinal disorder was the result of errors in feeding a small pet, then if the general condition of the kitten is satisfactory (active, appetite is preserved, drinking water), you can take the following simple measures:
- If the kitten is still sucking the mother’s milk, exclude any other food for a day.
- If the kitten has already been weaned from the mother, a starvation diet is introduced for a day.
- Inside the animal is given any sorbent: Smecta, Polyphepan, Enterosgel, activated carbon.
- Instead of water or in addition to it (water must be boiled or filtered), a decoction of chamomile is given.
- After a day of fasting, the animal is given soft, mashed food (baby food is good. read about it). The new product causing the disorder is not given for at least a week, after which it can be given in small portions.
- To restore the balance of the intestinal microflora, the animal is recommended to give Vetom 1.1 or Vetom 3.
What to do if a kitten has diarrhea
If your pet has loose stools, first of all, do not panic and immediately run to the veterinary clinic.
A single liquid stool does not pose a threat to the kitten’s life and may be a manifestation of the immaturity of the digestive system in response to feeding with new foods.
Therefore, you first need to analyze the diet of the animal, see how the cat and other kittens feel (if any), observe the pet’s behavior and stool for several hours.
If the liquid stool is repeated, the overall well-being of the kitten suffers, it becomes lethargic and apathetic, then it is necessary to take measures.
Diarrhea in a kitten. How to treat if the cause is an infection
The most susceptible to infectious diseases are kittens 2 months of age, after weaning. If the animal is not vaccinated during this period, then the maternal antibodies obtained through milk no longer protect the kitten from infections, and there is no immunity.
Diarrhea is a symptom of such dangerous diseases as panleukopenia, viral enteritis, feline leukemia, viral peritonitis, Aujeszky’s disease.
In case of untimely treatment, the animal quickly dies, and if there are several kittens in the litter and they are not vaccinated, a real outbreak of infection occurs. This is why it is so important to vaccinate kittens in a timely manner.
If, nevertheless, the animal gets sick, the symptoms of intoxication are pronounced and increase over time, it is necessary to urgently contact the veterinary clinic.
What you need to understand: Infectious diseases have a very high mortality rate, especially among young animals, so seeking help as early as possible can increase your pet’s chances of recovery.
After examination and laboratory tests, the veterinarian will prescribe the following treatment:
- Infusion therapy to eliminate dehydration (Ringer’s solution, Glucose 5%, Trisol).
- Parenteral nutrition (Polyglyukin, Reopoliglyukin).
- Antiviral drugs (Forvet, Fosprenil, Anandin).
- Antibacterial drugs (Levomycetin, Enterofuril).
- Vetom 1.1 or Vetom 3 according to the scheme.
- Specific immune sera (Vitafel).
- Hepatoprotectors (Essentiale, Heptral).
- Vitamins (Gamavit, Hemobalance).
Treatment is carried out in a hospital or on an outpatient basis with daily visits to the clinic.
During and after the illness, for a week, it is necessary to adhere to a veterinary diet, with frequent feeding in small portions of liquid or semi-liquid food (depending on the age of the kitten) and the gradual introduction of soft baby food, and then the usual animal food.
If the animal is already eating food, then for the duration of the diet it is necessary to opt for the food of the veterinary dietary line of companies Royal Canin Gastro Intestinal Moderate Calorie, Hill’s i / d, Eukanuba Intestinal. Then, the kitten is also gradually transferred to the usual food.
To enlarge the picture, click on it
Kitten & Cat Diarrhea Home Remedy. Safe & Easy!
How to treat kitten diarrhea at home
I would like to dwell in more detail on the medication regimen if you decide not to go to the clinic, due to your pet’s mild digestive upset.
Sorbents are given according to the following scheme. Activated charcoal is given to animals for diarrhea twice a day. Dosage: one tablet per 10 kg body weight.
The medicine can be put on the base of the tongue and holding the mouth to wait for the swallowing reflex. But it is better to grind the tablet into powder and mix it with warm water, then pour it into the mouth with an ordinary syringe without a needle.
Smecta, Enterosgel can be given two to three times a day at the rate of 02-03 ml per kg of weight. In this case, you should not combine these drugs with other medications. The interval between taking sorbents should be at least two to three hours.
A decoction of chamomile is prepared in a water bath: a tablespoon of chamomile flowers is poured with a liter of boiling water, then the decoction is languishing in a water bath 15.
After it cools down, you can pour it into a bowl. many kittens enjoy drinking the broth instead of water, or pour 3.5 milliliters through a syringe every 2 hours.
Vetom 1.1 and Vetom 3 are given to the animal within two weeks after recovery at the rate of 5 mg per 1 kg of body weight (that is, the kitten will need a third or a quarter of a teaspoon) twice a day before feeding, diluting the powder in water and pouring it through a syringe.
Why does the kitten have diarrhea??
Diarrhea, as a manifestation of an intestinal disorder, is most often encountered by owners of kittens.
The causes of diarrhea can be as follows:
- Weaning early.
- Feeding stale, spoiled food.
- The emergence of a new, indigestible product in the kitten’s diet.
- Feeding your kitten with whole milk.
- Infectious diseases (Panleukopenia, viral enteritis, Aujeszky’s disease, leukemia, viral peritonitis).
- Helminthic invasions (Toxocariasis).
- Intestinal dysbiosis.
- Poisoning with household pesticides.
To determine the cause, you need to contact a veterinary clinic, especially in the case of long-term diarrhea, which poses a threat to the life of your pet.
In Moscow, you can contact the veterinary clinics of the Svoy Doctor or Belyi Klyk network, as well as the Innovative Veterinary Center of the Moscow Veterinary Academy (IVC MBA).
In St. Petersburg, competent specialists will help you clinics “Dog and Cat”, “Lucky”, “Your Doctor”.
In Voronezh, we recommend visiting the “Eurovet” and “Cat Matroskin” blades.
Is it acceptable to treat a pet at home?
Diarrhea in a cat is quite rare and signals that not all of your cats are in good health. Although, why would? After all, everyone knows about the aristocratic origin and rather fastidious nature of these beautiful creatures. But if your cat suddenly has a change in the state of the chair. follow his diet.
Stale food, or intolerance to certain foods will cause a lot of trouble for you and your four-legged friend. An additional trip to the doctor will not hurt in any case. In some cases, diarrhea is a rather serious signal, and if you do not take action, then dehydration can occur. Let’s analyze the causes of diarrhea in cats.
When you need specialist help?
Certainly, you should not neglect the help of a specialist. But if there are no more cases of diarrhea, the cat returns to its normal diet, and the cat’s well-being does not cause you any concerns. limit yourself to light treatment with herbs and activated charcoal.
In case of deterioration of the animal’s condition, increased diarrhea, refusal of the cat from food and water, accompanied by frequent vomiting, the presence of blood in the feces. immediately contact a specialist! These symptoms can signal disease.
And if you do not take the appropriate measures in time, the consequences can be dire.
How to help a cat?
First of all, remove all food for a day, do not give even a small crumb, and even if the animal asks strongly. Let me explain why. When diarrhea occurs. the intestines contract faster than necessary, the mucous membranes are often inflamed. There is a lot of fluid in the intestinal lumen that is not absorbed.
How to Deal With Kitten Diarrhea
- In such conditions, food cannot be digested normally, that is, there is no point in feeding. over, it is harmful, the food acts on the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, liver, and thus diarrhea only intensifies.
- In addition, with indigestion, the microbiological composition in the intestine changes, pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora develops. And we remember that the intestines are rapidly contracting, food does not have time to properly process digestive juices and enzymes, which will lead to even greater development of microflora.
- As a result, we get a vicious (vicious) circle when feeding with diarrhea supports the diarrhea itself.
So, if you saw your cat has loose stools, do not feed it for 24 hours, kitten for 12 hours.
During illness, fluid and salt is quickly lost. Therefore, it is imperative to replenish losses. Fresh water should be freely available, if the cat does not drink on its own and there are signs of dehydration, then we drink it forcibly in approximately the same way.
The main signs of dehydration are: the fold of the skin straightens for a long time, there is no saliva or it is viscous.
Loss of electrolytes can be compensated for by drinking Rehydron solution (sold in a regular “human” pharmacy).
Keep in mind that kosha should receive about 40-50 ml of liquid per day per 1 kg of body weight.
In addition, a sorbent helps with diarrhea, for example, enterosgel or smecta can be given several times a day. How to breed and give smecta, see this video.
All, friends, these are the main points: they took away the food, drank some water and gave a smecta. If during the day your actions did not give a positive effect or deterioration occurs, then you need to see a doctor.
Veterinarian advice for cat diarrhea
Hello dear readers, I wish you a Happy New Year! Old New Year and upcoming Epiphany! A series of winter holidays is coming to an end, but unfortunately the festive mood can sometimes spoil the illness of a beloved animal. I think if you are reading this article, then your cat is probably sick and you are looking for a way to treat it. I will try to help you with this, today we will consider the following situation: “The cat has diarrhea, what should I do?”
We will not start long conversations, about what diarrhea is, this is already obvious, let’s get down to business.
How to behave on the first day
Stop feeding for 1-2 days, without limiting the consumption of purified water. If it was noticed that the cat has eaten a poor-quality product (dangerous house plants, household chemicals, etc.), urgently take it to the veterinary hospital for gastric lavage. But if the following symptoms are noticed:
- apathy, weakness;
- pale gums and nose;
- a large amount of feces;
- fetid or unusual color (white, black, green, bright yellow) diarrhea or diarrhea with blood and mucus in a cat that does not stop for more than a day;
- temperature increase;
- uncarding movements;
- a sharp decrease in weight;
- the cat has diarrhea more than 5 times a day,
To determine what caused diarrhea in a cat and how to treat it, you need to answer the following questions:
- When and what was fed during the last 24 hours?
- When did the diarrhea start? What feces look and smell like?
- What else is unusual in the pet’s behavior?
- What medications have been given recently and in connection with what?
I think now, if your cat has diarrhea, you will at least roughly know how to treat it. The main thing is to remember that there is always a certain reason behind a digestive disorder, so it needs to be found and neutralized, then the pathological chain will break.
Common causes of cat diarrhea
One of the most common causes of diarrhea is food. It is quite easy to identify it, if there has been a change in diet, then this is a completely understandable reaction of the body.
Food waste that makes it difficult to digest food, cat canned food, or just nasty stuff picked up on the street can cause diarrhea. Kittens accustomed to mother’s milk have diarrhea when switching to normal food.
Try to avoid various types of sausages and other unhealthy foods in your cat’s diet, this can also cause diarrhea.
If, instead of solidly formed feces, you find mushy or watery discharge in the cat’s tray, the cat has begun to go to the toilet more often. then try to identify the reason for such a sharp change in stool. If you like long-distance travel, please note that not all eared people tolerate them well.
Stress can also cause malfunctions in the digestive system, as you can see, nothing human is alien to our favorites. These are quite common reasons and you should not worry too much if this happens.
But what if this is a symptom? Let’s try to figure out in what cases diarrhea can be diagnosed as a disease.
- The presence of worms (transmitted through mother’s milk, cause inflammation of the intestines, which, in turn, leads to diarrhea).
- Disorders of the liver, biliary system and pancreas.
- Various infections (calcivirosis, toxoplasmosis).
- Allergic reaction (medicines that cause allergies).
- Side effects of drugs.
- Cancer diseases.
Fortunately, if the correct diagnosis is performed on time, the treatment of diarrhea in kittens and adults will not be difficult. This can be done at home as well.
Together with you, we will consider how to competently act in such a situation. So wait, worry, your kitten is still running.
Yes, some of the causes and symptoms are quite serious and it is not easy to treat them, and if the recommendations below do not help, then you should contact a specialist.
What not to do
- In order not to aggravate the condition of the animal, do not use “human” drugs “for diarrhea”. I know that loperamide is often given, but it does not eliminate the cause, but stops intestinal motility. This means that toxins will remain in the body, which will negatively affect primarily the liver and kidneys.
- Loperamide and similar drugs should be used only when you are sure that the diarrhea has occurred on a nervous basis.
- Also in our country they like to treat all diseases with vodka. Have pity on your animal, alcohol can make it worse. Yes, there are many stories about how vodka works miracles, but in most cases, healing occurs in spite of such a medicine.
- Another favorite remedy is a pill of chloramphenicol, a good antibiotic, but besides the broad Spectra action, it has many side effects. This is the case when the saying about the cannon and the sparrows fits. No need to treat diarrhea like that.
If a cat has bloody diarrhea, an urgent need to consult a veterinarian. There is a great risk to a cat’s life.
If an infection is found
If the cause of this disorder in a cat is an infection, then antibacterial and antimicrobial agents cannot be dispensed with. These include:
It is not recommended to treat a cat on your own with antibiotics, as it can be significantly harmed. As for the Furazolidone tablets. then one piece is divided into six equal parts, give the pet twice a day for three days.
The main causes of diarrhea
- Diet, switching to another type of feed.
- The cat ate a bag, garbage, or food that the digestive system did not accept.
- Various diseases: kidney failure, pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, liver problems.
- The cause may be food that takes a long time to be absorbed.
- The presence of an infection in the cat’s body: parasites, viruses and bacteria.
If your pet has diarrhea, it is important to remember that it can cause dehydration, acid-base problems, and electrolyte upset.
In this situation, you should find out the reason for the poor health of the cat, then proceed with treatment, in consultation with the veterinarian.
Folk remedies for diarrhea
Fresh quail egg is an excellent folk remedy for diarrhea.
The best folk remedies for diarrhea in cats:
- decoction of chamomile;
- fresh quail egg, beaten with a little sugar;
- herbal teas, as well as black sweet tea;
- decoction of yarrow, chokeberry;
- decoction of flax or oatmeal seeds.
In addition to folk remedies, there are special medicines that can help in resolving a delicate situation.
If you do not have the opportunity to use such funds, Enterosan is sold at the pharmacy. This powder is diluted in water, then given to the pet to drink.
In the video, the veterinarian gives advice on how to treat diarrhea in a cat at home
Phthalazole and other medicines
Phthalazol tablets are considered an excellent remedy for diarrhea. Dosage ¼ one tablet twice a day. Such drugs to restore intestinal microflora can cope with a delicate problem: