It is useless to treat salmonellosis in an animal. Infection comes from infected animals, feed or water, where salmonella is found.
- refusal to eat and drink;
- hard breath;
- swollen belly;
- persistent diarrhea;
- increased body temperature.
With such symptoms, the animal can die within 24 hours. A chance to save only in the first hours of the illness. Otherwise, he will have to be put to sleep.
Salmonellosis is transmitted to humans. It is necessary to disinfect the cage, accessories and the entire room where the sick animal was.
What can a guinea pig die from?
Under normal conditions and good care, the animal will live on average from 5 to 8 years. Sometimes large individuals live at home for 10 years. But they rarely live to old age. Therefore, 5-6 six years for a guinea pig is a normal age.
- Genetically determined developmental anomalies;
- injuries (most often from falling from a height or in fights with other animals, or can get stuck somewhere);
- infectious diseases (enteritis, pseudotuberculosis, salmonellosis, helminthic invasions);
- diseases of a non-infectious nature (poisoning, pneumonia, violation of conditions of detention);
- unsuccessful pregnancy (toxicosis, pathology during childbirth);
- overheating of the body (with prolonged exposure to direct sunlight);
- complications after undergoing operations;
- sudden death from stress;
- entry of a foreign body into the throat or respiratory tract;
- cardiovascular disease;
- naturally from old age and the pathologies that have developed in connection with this.
By about 5 years old, animals can no longer actively move. Signs of advancing old age. curvature of the limbs, poor appetite, lethargy, neoplasms on the body, poor eyesight.
If a mumps is treated for diseases on time and takes good care of it, it dies of old age without suffering, just falling asleep in a dream.
Bad things can lead to pneumonia. Cold, drafts, poor-quality food and contact with sick animals provoke pneumonia.
- sharply reduced appetite;
- weakness and lethargy;
- the animal does not respond to the owner;
- frequent drinking of water;
- breathing is frequent, intermittent;
- purulent discharge through the nose.
The animal rubs its nose, wishing to get rid of secretions, wipes its nose with its paw. What to do in this case? The animal must be isolated in a separate room. If you quickly go to the veterinarian and start treatment, the pet can be saved.
Allergy is manifested by swelling of the throat. The animal sinks to one side and suffocates. First aid consists in drinking any liquid antihistamine antiallergic agent for children (for example, Claritin syrups, Citrine, Fenistil drops).
An infectious disease that is transmitted through food or water. Bacteria spread between animals in a matter of hours and can kill all the inhabitants of the cage.
- loss of appetite;
- lethargy, drowsiness;
- temperature increase;
- seizures leading to paralysis of the limbs.
Pseudotuberculosis is not cured. Causes of death. dehydration and paralysis.
Enteritis develops when Escherichia coli enters the body. It multiplies rapidly in the gastrointestinal tract, depletes, dehydrates the body and leads to death.
- hard, distended belly;
- complete refusal to eat and drink;
- bloody diarrhea;
- the pig is breathing with wheezing;
- paralysis of the limbs occurs;
- body cramps.
If you do not intervene at the beginning of the development of the disease, the animal dies from dehydration.
Fatal diseases of guinea pigs
Most guinea pigs have strong immunity. However, with poor food, lack of nutrients or contact with sick animals, the pet can get sick and can die from dangerous viral infections.
This type of dwelling is a rectangular glass container. Tightly closed walls prevent the filler from scattering around the “apartment” of the animal and drafts. But in such a dwelling there is no air ventilation. Animals breathe stale air, pet feces exude a stench, and harmful bacteria multiply faster, which leads to animal diseases.
Therefore, this type of housing for pigs is not recommended.
This dwelling is more like a plastic container. Its upper part is made with a lattice door, the lower part is blind. The advantages of this type include: cleanliness around the cage, mobility.
Disadvantages: lack of adequate ventilation, modest size.
The dune-like device is convenient for taking the animal to the vet or on the move. But for the permanent housing of the animal, a more spacious option is needed.
3 types of materials can be involved in the production of housing for pigs.
A durable material from which pallets are made. It is easy to clean and does not react with liquids. But it scratches easily and loses its appearance over time.
Lattices are made of stainless steel. They are durable, odorless and easy to clean.
Partitions for the aviary, shelves are made of wood. This material is safe, but it has drawbacks. Wooden parts absorb odors and are difficult to clean. Pets grind their teeth on wooden objects, which leads to an unpresentable look or the complete disappearance of pieces of wood.
A tarp is used as a floor covering in a pet’s cage. It should be placed in a cage to protect surfaces. This material does not absorb moisture, is easy to clean and takes up little space during storage.
Another type of dwelling is a guinea pig enclosure. Aviaries are enclosures that limit a certain area. The walls of the enclosure can be made of wood or metal lattice. Such structures do not have a roof or pallet. Aviaries are good because the air is well ventilated in them, they can be assembled into the desired shape, and they can be made by hand. The walls of such devices must be at least 40 centimeters.
A two-story cage designed for hamsters and birds is dangerous for pigs. It is difficult for animals to maneuver in such small areas. There is a risk of falling, this can lead to injury to the animal. Gilts need a large cage.
How to choose and equip a guinea pig cage
Choosing a cage for your favorite pet is not easy. There are various factors to consider regarding the requirements for keeping the animal, ease of care and size. The variety of options pleases, but not all options will turn out to be suitable housing for a guinea pig. This article will help you decide on the right housing for your pig.
How to do it yourself
A homemade cage has several advantages:
- Using sustainable materials.
- Less money is spent on consumables.
- The design and dimensions of the device are suitable for the individual parameters of the room in which the pet will live.
The recommended dimensions for the base on the short side are 70 cm, on the long side 100 cm.For two pets, the long side must be at least 140 cm, for three. 170 cm, for four. 210 cm.The height of the roof must be at least 40 cm.
To make a cage you will need:
- simple pencil;
Manufacturing begins with a layout on a straightened cardboard. A base with the required parameters is drawn on it, leaving an additional 15 centimeters on each side. With a knife, shallow cuts are made along the lines of the drawing. Then the cardboard is covered with tape, gluing the strips tightly to each other or overlapping. Then, the sides are raised at the cardboard base, which must be fixed with tape.
The pre-prepared lattice is cut according to the parameters of the base, assembled, fastened with ties. The resulting structure is inserted into a cardboard base. Home is ready.
The width of the grille gap is recommended to be chosen at 2.5 centimeters. This will allow the paws not to get stuck, but it is impossible for an animal to crawl into such a gap.
It is recommended to equip the guinea pig cage with partitions, shelves and other entertainment facilities. Shelves and ramps must be made of wood. At the edges of these elements, you need to attach limiters so that the pet understands where the surface ends.
Guinea pig cage size
Pigs are very active animals. They need to move a lot to maintain good physical shape. Therefore, large cages are suitable for them. The possibilities of city apartments may not always allow a large space for a pet to be allocated. Veterinarians recommend allocating at least one square meter of area for each pet. It is also necessary to take into account the height of the “ceilings” in the rodent’s dwelling, the height of the walls must be at least 40 centimeters so that the animal can stand on its hind legs.
If the size of the living space does not allow you to supply the required housing for the rodent, then you can get by with a small cage in which the pig will rest at night. During the day, the animal is released into a specially fenced and prepared space so that it can run around to its fullest. In this case, the animal must have access to food, water and sleeping place.
Guinea Pig Essentials/What They Need
If there is a summer cottage, it will be useful for the animal to spend time in the fresh air. The owners set up aviaries at their summer cottage and let the pet frolic on the grass.
The pet’s housing should be spacious and safe, and the owner should be comfortable cleaning the cage and taking the animal outside. For pigs, one-story structures are suitable, with a solid shelf and ramps. Lattice surfaces are not suitable as paws can get stuck in them. The bottom of the device is a plastic pallet, which is attached to the lattice top with special latches. The mount must be strong so that the structure can be carried with the pet inside. If there is no room for a shelf in the cage, then the roof of the rest house can play its role.
In order for the owner to easily reach the animal without injuring him, a wide door is needed.
It is recommended to choose the distance between the rods about 2.5 centimeters. Such gaps will prevent the animal from getting stuck. Check the structure for sharp corners and crevices before use. If they are, then they are eliminated, as this is dangerous for the animal.
The place where the pet will spend more time should be quiet and calm, hidden from sunlight and drafts. If the pet lives alone, then its housing is put in the place from which the pet observes the life of family members.
From the box
This is the easiest option for your pet to live in. Any cardboard box, for example, a shoe box, is suitable for making. It is important that it fits the animal.
All that is needed for construction is to make entrances and windows. For decoration, you can add some decorative details, there is already a free flight of imagination for everyone.
Such a guinea pig house is suitable for owners who do not have the skills or time for serious construction.
Made of plastic
It is better to make such a dwelling from hard plastic. The choice for construction is extensive. you can use a plastic box or container. The beauty of this material is a large selection of colors, and this will help make an interesting house for a guinea pig. A dwelling made of colored plastic will delight the pig and the owners because of its pleasant appearance.
In order not to constantly think about cleaning the animal, it is better to get rid of the bottom part, leaving the floor empty. It is important to keep an eye on the animal so that it does not chew on plastic. An ingredient like this in his diet can ruin digestion, not to mention its toxicity.
How to make a guinea pig house yourself
Made of cardboard
All you need is cardboard. To make the walls, measure the cage, calculate the volume of the house you need and transfer the information to the drawings. Cut out all the pieces from the cardboard. Then join the walls.
For the roof, make a separate piece of cardboard and glue it to the structure. Then it is advised to ventilate the house to get rid of the glue smell.
A very unusual and simple option for pet housing. You just need a bag, which should be placed in the cage and the pig will immediately choose it. Rodents will be happy to tinker with it, making rustling sounds. To support the walls of such a house, lay hay. It should not be forgotten that housing will deteriorate quickly. This is due to the fact that the paper gets wet very quickly and the house needs to be thrown out. The bag can also be used as a bedding by tearing it into small pieces.
Made of wood
Wood is often used as a base. A wooden house for a guinea pig will last a long time and will not harm the animal due to the naturalness of the material. The rodent can use such housing to grind teeth, so it is not advisable to choose oak, plum or cherry wood, because of the harmful substances in it for the pet. Still, the tree has a number of disadvantages:
- If the material is not processed, then pests will settle in it;
- the weight of the house will be quite large, which will complicate some actions;
- the color palette is limited when choosing;
- if you do not remove the sharp parts: burrs and chips, then the animal can get hurt;
- cleaning such material is not easy, which leads to the accumulation of bacteria and an unpleasant odor.
To make a wooden guinea pig house, processed boards or plywood are used. The size of the house and its entrances should be calculated depending on the volume of the pig. It is important that she does not get stuck in the aisle and can move around calmly. Such a house should be intensively processed: hammer in all the nails, without leaving hats and sharp ends, and also sand down all burrs on the walls so that the pig does not get hurt.
- All the necessary parts of the structure should be prepared and drawings of the future house should be made, not forgetting about the entrance and windows. It is better not to do the bottom, so it will be much easier to clean up after the animal.
- Transfer the dimensions from the drawings to plywood and cut out the components of the dwelling. The optimal volume for a home will be 45X35X25 cm.
- Carefully process the resulting parts without leaving any burrs.
- Connect the structure with nails. It is necessary to drive in the nails so that the head and the sharp tip do not remain, otherwise the animal will be injured.
It is important to chase not for the pleasant appearance of the structure, but for its functionality and convenience.
You can make a dwelling from almost all materials. If you decide to make a house for a guinea pig, then you will need:
- cardboard, including boxes;
- iron grill, covered with a fabric base;
- ceramic pots;
- parts of children’s construction sets;
- plastic containers.
A wooden house for a guinea pig, among all others, is distinguished by its strength and durability. No material can compare with wood in these aspects, however, from what to make a house is a personal choice of each according to the preferences and skills of the owner.
Can try a cage without rods?
Indeed: the cage has no rods. there is nothing to gnaw on the pig. Problem solved!
There are many guinea pig cages on the market where instead of metal rods, a solid transparent plexiglass casing is used. And the cover made of rods for serving the cage is located far above. the guinea pig can’t reach.
Such a cage is in fact fraught with a much greater danger. Did you know that according to the instructions, plumbing specialists are supposed to go down to the sewers in special oxygen masks to protect the respiratory organs? A few minutes in the sewer without respiratory protection, and an already lifeless body can be raised to the surface!
In a cage closed on all sides with an impenetrable casing, there is also a constant accumulation of poisonous gases: ammonia and methane, which are natural waste products (urine and feces). Insufficient ventilation of such a cage causes the guinea pig to constantly breathe in these poisonous gases that accumulate inside the cage. The concentration of these gases, of course, is not sufficient to cause instant death in the pig. But the data on how much longer the pig would have lived outside such a cage will clearly not play into the hands of producers. Therefore, such studies have not been carried out.
Guinea pig cage: expert opinion
Now is the time to hear the whole truth about the guinea pig cage. You may not like some of the above, dear consumers and potential buyers, but we do not try to please everyone. We’ll just tell the truth and back it up with arguments.
The site Svinki.ru is already 17 years old. We stood at the origins of the professional breeding of guinea pigs in Russia, and believe me, we understand something about the content of these cute and funny animals.
You probably came to our site from a search. From Yandex or Google. no matter. You typed the query “guinea pig cage” into the search box and you saw something like this:
How To: SET UP A GUINEA PIG CAGE | Hamster HorsesandCats
“Oh, how wonderful! Only 550 rubles!” you think. Well, what else do you think, because it is written the same. cages for guinea pigs. also highlighted in bold, so that God forbid you do not miss your benefits and savings.
But for 17 years of existence of our site and forum, one of the most common questions among guinea pig breeders is the question “Why does a guinea pig gnaw a cage?” But more on that later.
Except for the guinea pig itself. For some reason, she does not want to be imbued with all the advantages of the market economy, but continues to stubbornly gnaw the cage! Gnaw methodically and selflessly, gnawing and swallowing pieces of enamel from the rods, with which they are painted to protect them from corrosion. And when the layer of paint on the rods is already half eaten and the cage is no longer so aesthetic, the caring owner finally decides to ask the question on the forum for the one thousand hundred and tenth time: “So how can you wean a guinea pig from gnawing a cage?”
And the answer is so simple. you just need to take the guinea pig out of the cage!
Why plastic cages are bad?
In fact, plastic has two big advantages. Firstly, it is, as we have already found out, low cost and secondly. ability to resist moisture. It is for these qualities that consumers like him so much. However, for some reason no one has thought of building plastic houses for people, but for animals. you are welcome!
We already wrote about a cage with a solid transparent casing above. for guinea pigs, this is a lightweight version of the Auschwitz gas chamber. The pig in it constantly breathes poisonous gas, so such a cage is categorically not suitable for keeping guinea pigs.
The cage with a metal grid seems to be well ventilated, but just look at the sizes of the cages that are offered to you under the guise of a guinea pig cage! In fact, the cage is 30 x 40 cm and the hamster will be cramped. It is not surprising that the main occupation of the pig in such a cage is the incessant attempts to get out to freedom by gnawing the rods.
If we go back to our first picture again, we can see that there are premium cages on the market and quite decent sizes. However, for the money, the thoughtful buyer can actually get something better.
The ancestors of domestic guinea pigs in their natural habitat lived quite freely, therefore, the required minimum area for one guinea pig is 0.7 sq. meters! Optimal. 1 sq. meter per pig. Here’s a look at the ideal guinea pig home:
“Are you out of your mind?” you ask, and of course you will be right! Who can allocate half a room in a typical kopeck piece or even a three-ruble note for a guinea pig? You have to be either a complete fan or a lonely person. And pigs are usually born in families with children. And there is never extra space. we already know 🙂
But guinea pig breeders are smart people, so for the comfortable keeping of guinea pigs they invented a cage-rack for guinea pigs.
Why cells are made of plastic?
The answer is simple. money! The biggest money in the world is usually earned from the poorest. On people who seek to save money without having enough funds. There are a lot of such people! And the Chinese are rightfully considered the kings of mass production.
That is why this cage should initially cost the Chinese manufacturer 10 rubles apiece. That is why these cells are stamped on large thermoplastic machines at 1000 pieces per shift and are sold only in huge bulk quantities. That is why they are made from the cheapest material on the planet at the moment. plastic!
It is simply not profitable for a Chinese manufacturer to make from a more expensive, high-quality and more suitable material! Take a tree for example. Each board must be cut to size, processed, sanded, impregnated with a special impregnation, stained, varnished, dried. And then all these parts are also assembled by hand! In order to produce 1000 pieces of such cells per shift, 2000 workers are needed instead of one robot, which “eats” only 80 kWh of electricity per shift.
What is a Guinea Pig Rack Cage?
Rack for guinea pig. this is no longer quite a cage, but it is not yet a spacious aviary, as in the picture above. This is a compromise option that allows breeders to significantly save space while providing sufficient comfort to guinea pigs by increasing the number of floors or tiers in which guinea pigs live.
About what racks are, how they differ, and how to choose the best rack for your beloved pig, read the article “Rack for Guinea Pig”
Big cage advantage
Large guinea pig cages have significant advantages over small ones, and this has been proven by the world’s leading veterinarians. Pigs just need to move actively in order to have healthy joints, heart, lungs and stomach. Indeed, in nature they are constantly in motion. In addition, a large cage can accommodate more toys, mazes, minks and different play areas.
Guinea pigs are friendly creatures. But if several individuals are kept in a cramped cage, they can start fighting. In the spacious cage, each pet has a separate zone, so fights for territory will be excluded. Also, it is much more convenient to clean in a spacious aviary. And watching the pigs frolic and run with might and main is very interesting.
Whatever the width of the pallet, its height should be at least 15 cm. After all, a cage for a guinea pig necessarily assumes the presence of bedding, and with a low pallet, it will constantly fall out. Small rodents love to rummage through sawdust and shavings, so it is better to make the pallet higher. On the other hand, you need to consider where it will stand. If the cage with a high pallet is raised high above the floor, the pig in the cage will simply not be visible, and the pet itself will not see the owners. Best placed on the floor or on low side tables or tables.
Corrugated cardboard for pallets is convenient because it is easy to give it any shape. Usually a rectangular box with a wall height of 15-20 cm is folded. The size of the floor can be any. this is the beauty of a self-made guinea pig cage. Photos of cells are presented in the article. The main thing is not to forget to glue the walls from the inside with several layers of adhesive tape or cover with acrylic. In the latter case, you will have to wait at least a couple of days until the protective layer is completely dry before settling the mumps in the cage. But it will be better to ventilate the pallet outdoors for several days.
Features of the manufacture of the mother liquor
Separately, it should be said about what kind of cage a guinea pig with cubs will need to build. It can be either a separate “dwelling” with a fine mesh and a spacious burrow house, or a removable mother cell located inside a common enclosure. The main rule is that a female who has given birth and nursing cubs should be kept separately from other animals.
A large box not less than 50×50 cm in size with an entrance, closed at the top, can serve as a mother. In fact, this is a hole in which the pig will arrange a nest, give birth to cubs and feed them. The bottom of the mother liquor must be lined with large non-coniferous shavings. The feeder and drinker should be placed right at the entrance, since the female at first does not want to leave her babies for a minute. The cell itself with the mother liquor should be in a quiet, semi-dark and warm place away from household appliances.
Walls and ceiling
When the pallet is ready, metal mesh walls are attached to it. Most often they are attached using cable ties. Can also be connected “tightly” with wire. If the guinea pig cage will have shelves, they must be cut to size in advance, and then attached to the walls at the desired level. Do not make too many of them and place them high off the floor. These rodents do not like to climb and prefer to sit on the floor.
It is quite convenient to assemble and fasten a one-piece frame together with the floor from the mesh, and then simply insert it into the pallet and remove it when cleaning is necessary. It will be more convenient to do this if you build a special handle on top of the roof. So it will be possible at any time to simply remove the cage from the pallet, clean it, and then insert it entirely back.
DIY guinea pig cage
Guinea pig cage size
You need to think about the size of the future cell even before you start making it. There is a simple rule: there is no too large a cell. The more spacious it is, the better. The only question is where to find a place in the apartment for a huge enclosure. The animal, of course, will be more comfortable in a large cage, but the possibilities of our standard apartments are also limited. We will proceed from the average generally accepted standards. For each adult pig you need not less than 0.7 m 2. This is 100 cm by 70 cm. If you plan to breed pigs, then the area needs to be multiplied 5-6 times.
Remember: a guinea pig is not a squirrel or chinchilla. She will not jump higher and higher on the shelves, she is more likely to move on the floor. The most that can be offered to her is the second floor with a smooth, non-steep rise. The size of the guinea pig cage may vary, but usually the cages and enclosures are one-story, spacious, more reminiscent of herd animal pens.
We must not forget that the guinea pig is, first of all, a rodent. This means that the cage must be made of a durable material that is not easy to gnaw through. At the same time, the cage must be safe for the health of the pet. That is, so that he, even if he slightly bites the cage, could not poison himself and die. The most commonly used materials for the construction of such cages are multilayer corrugated board and metal mesh. Corrugated board is very convenient to use, it is lightweight, strong, durable and safe for rodents. It can be pre-glued on both sides with wide tape or covered with acrylic. Practice shows that pigs do not at all tend to gnaw this material, moreover, it does not absorb odor at all.
The metal mesh is a very important element in the construction of really large guinea pig cages. Due to its strength, such a mesh will withstand several floors of shelves, ladders and hammocks. But the size of the cells will need to be determined in advance. In general, 3 cm cells are sufficient for keeping adult guinea pigs. However, if this is a cage for a family of rodents with babies, the cells should be smaller. There is also an option with the construction of separate “queen cells” for the female and cubs inside a large common cage.
House from a plastic pipe
You can make a shelter for a fluffy rodent from a tee of plastic pipe left after repair or replacement of the sewer. It is good to use an elbow or tee for this purpose, but a piece of ordinary pipe will work.
To make the new house to the taste of the guinea pig, you can cover the pipe with a cloth, so the house will become warmer and more comfortable. over, a pipe covered with cloth will be safer for the animal, because it can chew on the structure and swallow plastic.
Making a house out of cardboard
To make such a house, you will need sheets of thick cardboard, a pencil, a stationery knife or scissors, and any non-toxic glue.
Building a house out of cardboard is not difficult at all.
- Drawings are made on cardboard, drawing the walls and roof of the future product. The size of the house is calculated based on the size of the pet. But in any case, the length of the walls should not be less than 45, width 30, and height 20 centimeters.
- Cut out all the details.
- Connect the walls of the structure with glue and glue the roof.
- Leave the product for several hours so that the glue sets, and its smell disappears, and is placed in a rodent’s cage.
This is one of the basic requirements when choosing housing for a guinea pig. It is unacceptable for the accessory parts to be coated with paint or varnish. After all, a guinea pig can taste its “apartment”, and the ingestion of these substances into its body will lead to severe food poisoning.
Instructions for making a fabric house
A house in the form of a camping tent or hut turns out to be very beautiful.
The basis of such a product is a metal mesh, which is bent in a semicircle and attached to a piece of cardboard. Then the metal frame is covered with a dense fabric. To make the house more comfortable, you can put a piece of padding polyester under the fabric. A piece of fabric is also sewn to the back wall, leaving only the entrance open. A fleece bed is laid at the bottom of the house and a comfortable hut for a pet is ready.
DIY wooden house for a guinea pig
The most common housing option for animals is a house made of wooden plywood. It is not so difficult to build it with your own hands, and every owner will have materials for its manufacture.
- Prepare the necessary tools and materials (plywood sheets, saw, ruler, pencil, nails, hammer and sandpaper).
- Draw four rectangles on the plywood for the walls of the product and one rectangular piece that will serve as a roof. The size of the housing is calculated based on the size of the cage and the size of the animal. The most suitable parameters: length. 45, width. 35, height 25 centimeters.
- Cut out all the details. A wide opening is cut in the front wall for the entrance. Windows are made on the side walls.
- The edges of the cut sheets are carefully sanded so that there are no burrs.
- With the help of nails, they connect all the details of the house so that the ends and heads of the nails do not stick out of the accessory.
- The roof is nailed to the resulting wooden box and the “apartment” for the rodent is almost ready. Clean the product from the saw with a brush and wipe with a dry cloth.
- Carefully examine the house for protruding nails or roughness and if everything is in order, put the item in the pet’s cage.
Important: the animal will also use its house as a tooth sharpener, so you cannot make this accessory from oak, cherry or plum wood, since the tannins they contain are harmful to animal health.
Particular attention should be paid to inspecting the appearance of the structure. The tips of screws or nails should not stick out of the object. It is also recommended to choose a house without sharp corners and pointed ornaments in the form of turrets, about which the animal can get hurt.
Does a guinea pig need a house in a cage
Friendly and outgoing guinea pigs enjoy the attention from the owner, and they enjoy spending time in his company. But sometimes animals need peace and solitude, and they need a secluded corner where they can hide from prying eyes and take a break from the hustle and bustle of the world around them.
And a loving owner should take care of a safe shelter for a little pet by equipping the cage with a cozy and comfortable house. In it, the guinea pig can not only sleep, but also enjoy a favorite treat or simply hide, frightened by a loud sound.
Therefore, your own shelter house will be an excellent gift for a fluffy animal, in which it will spend most of its time while the owner is busy with his own business.
For free air circulation in the walls of the guinea pig dwelling, holes should be cut (preferably round or oval). But the presence of small narrow cracks in the house is unacceptable, since a rodent’s foot can get stuck in them.
Important: for a guinea pig, it is better to choose a house without a bottom. So garbage will not accumulate in the pet’s dwelling and it is much easier to clean it in it.
What should be in a guinea pig’s cage: we equip a pet’s housing
Rodents spend a lot of time closed, so it is important to equip the guinea pig cage as comfortable as possible. It is important that there is room for the animal to play. The furnishings should not overload the space. Suitable items:
- made of harmless materials;
- do not contain sharp edges;
- made without small brittle parts and loose fillers;
- correspond to the size of the pet;
- arouse interest in the rodent or perform practical functions.
It is worth paying attention to the ease of maintenance, since all accessories need to be regularly wiped and cleaned.
House and alternatives
The guinea pig is a shy and modest animal. Next to attentive people, the rodent becomes more sociable and bolder, but he still needs a place for solitude. The arrangement of the guinea pig cage also includes the creation of a secluded corner. The house does this job well.
In a group of rodents for the house, a serious struggle can flare up. Instead of the usual structure, it is better to put a canopy, or to enclose a whole section of the cage with dense material.
The house can become an obstacle to taming. Inside, the animal feels isolated and does not see the other inhabitants of the apartment. In order for the rodent to get used to people faster, it is better to replace the house with a handful of hay for a while.
Guinea pig toys
The rodent’s body needs movement. The animal quickly masters the space of the cell and the interest fades away.
Many rodents like to get straws from the hay ball. The device is not very convenient for eating. Its presence is not a reason to get rid of a special tray.
Guinea pigs are comfortable in burrow-like rooms. Therefore, toys in the form of pipes are in demand among pets. It is useful to acquire several of these in cages where several individuals are kept. They will serve as a good shelter in case of possible conflicts between rodents.
Pipes and labyrinths make the life of a guinea pig interesting
Labyrinths can interest the animal for a long time. Being active has a positive effect on the physical health of the guinea pig and helps prevent obesity.
The furnishings of the cell
You can purchase a complete housing, or equip a guinea pig cage with everything you need with your own hands. Household items must be securely attached to the walls, or stably positioned on the floor. The cage needs:
The drinker prevents your pet from splashing water on the litter and getting wet. You need to update its content daily.
The volume depends on the number of animals in the cage. Several smaller drinkers can be used for the flock. The option is doubly relevant for males, since the dominant individual may not admit the passive one to the water. Must have a guinea pig cage and a place to eat.
It is worth purchasing separate feeders for different types of food: it is better to place green, juicy and coarse foods separately.
At home, the rodent needs to provide conditions similar to natural ones. The animal needs rough materials to grind its teeth. Twigs should be placed in the cage. It is advisable to avoid conifers. Trees with large seeds in their fruits must first be dried. Optionally, you can use a suitable mineral stone.
Hanging accessories will not cause injury if the height is correctly determined and the mounts are secured. Hammocks are optional, but many pigs enjoy relaxing in them.
To prevent the pet from harming itself, you need to ensure safety in the cage. When choosing equipment, you should pay attention to the materials from which it is made.
Thin plastic, varnished and painted surfaces, synthetic fabrics are dangerous for guinea pigs.
Rodents tend to try new objects on their teeth. Toxic substances enter the body and can cause serious illness.
Animals like fabric accessories and toys. The use of a guinea pig in a cage is acceptable, but requires close attention of the owner. If the animal is actively gnawing matter, it is better to remove the object. Fabrics require regular cleaning, without the use of chemicals.
Only safe toys for guinea pigs should be in the cage
Wooden devices will help the rodent to grind their teeth and are completely safe. Products made of vines, cork and solid wood are suitable. The main thing is that the wood is not treated with toxic substances and does not contain resins.
Metal devices will last a long time and are safe for the animal. There should be no lattice surfaces under the pet’s feet, they contribute to paw injuries.
You can make sure that the animal is comfortable if you observe how the objects in the cage are used. That which does not arouse interest should be made more attractive with treats, removed, or replaced. You can safely experiment with the situation. Guinea pigs love rearrangements and novelties.