A PVC rug is a salvation for many guinea pig owners. It is easy to use and easy to keep in good condition at all times. In order for such a litter to serve for a long time, you just need to shake it daily and wipe it with a damp cloth, and also wash it once a week at 30 ⁰С. Place the mat on top of another material such as sawdust.
Such a rug has undeniable advantages: it protects the paws of animals, food from contamination, keeps garbage in one place, preventing it from scattering. There is only one minus. the pigs, when they put a rug in the cage, can gnaw and crawl under it. Such a disadvantage can be solved by securely fixing the material so that the animals cannot crawl under it.
It is a non-woven fabric made from polyester. It is often used to make warm clothes. This material is pleasant to the touch, and also soft, therefore it is used as a bedding for a guinea pig.
In order not to lose money with your purchase, make sure that 100% of the material is polyester, and its sides are different from each other. The last quality criterion can only be determined with regular use. after washing, no pellets should appear on the material.
The bedding should be placed in the cage along with other filler in 2 layers, so that the fleece goes over the top. This is due to the fact that the fleece passes and absorbs moisture.
- pleasant to the touch;
- soft and warm.
The main disadvantage is the difficulty of cleaning, since small dirt sticks to the fleece and is difficult to clean. And also the disadvantage is the need to use fleece together with another filler.
Sometimes corn rods are used as a filler, however, even with a natural litter, it does not absorb and absorb poorly, because of this it is advised to use other fillers.
Cat litter can also be used as bedding. It absorbs well and eliminates unpleasant odors, is easy to dispose of, but one should not forget that silica gel is a danger to the animal due to intestinal obstruction. And also such a filler is expensive.
Hay and straw
As a bedding bed, hay and straw are not the best options. Hay can be used in combination with a soft and absorbent paper storage. This bedding is suitable for pigs with thick or coarse and short hair.
It is not advisable to use straw as bedding due to many disadvantages. It does not absorb moisture, can rot, has an unpleasant odor, and can also harm the animal, especially the eyes. Use such a litter only in special cases, when there are no other options, for a short time in a pair with another filler, such as shavings.
With regular replacement and correct use, hay and straw can be paired with an absorbent hopper. The plus is that they contain vitamins in themselves, absorb, and also successfully imitate a wild environment, and this will be to every pig’s liking.
Absorbent diapers are a soft material that absorbs moisture well. At the same time, diapers with helium filler eliminate odor well. This option is quite expensive. There are advantages. such a bedding is convenient to use, with the exception of hyperactive individuals who will simply gnaw through the diapers.
If the shavings are made by hand, they must be dried and sieved. This will protect the animal’s respiratory organs.
Wood shavings are a cheap and affordable filler that absorbs moisture well, however, it is better to use it only when there are no other options, because even a sifted and refined product can harm a guinea pig in one way or another. And also the shavings fly out during the jumping and playing of the pet in the cage.
Various household bedding
Many owners are accustomed to some types of bedding that they do not even think about their pros or cons, and this should be taken into account. This is how a beloved animal will be able to live in comfortable conditions for him.
Hamster cage for guinea pig. NOT.
Let’s make a reservation right away that very small, hamster cages are unsuitable for guinea pigs. Exception: only if your pig is guilty and you put her under arrest 🙂 After all, this is not a cage, but just a mockery of an animal!
I wonder how long an adult would have stood in a 2×2 meter room (the proportions are about the same)? over, there he would have to eat, sleep, find entertainment and relieve himself (forgive the expression). In addition, one should not discount the fact that a person can exist for quite a long time without physical activity, and for a guinea pig this is almost impossible. These animals have to move a lot, they have it in them by nature.
Once you put your guinea pig in a hamster cage, do not be surprised later that it starts gnawing on the bars. It is not she who sharpens her teeth, contrary to popular belief. This is her psychosis from lack of movement.
She demonstrates to you with all her appearance that this is a completely unsuitable place for life.
Which cage to choose for a guinea pig?
Top tips when choosing a guinea pig cage:
- better weaving than fifty (meaning the size of the cage. 100 cm and 50 cm)
- better wood than plastic
- two floors are better than one.
Physical activity. this is a guarantee of health for guinea pigs, they need to run, climb and walk a lot, just like other living creatures. Keeping a cat or dog in a closet or toilet would be classified as animal cruelty. So why is it still the norm for guinea pigs in tiny cages??
And lower. an example of a good home for a guinea pig. Read more about these extremely comfortable and more suitable for pigs houses, read the article “Rack for Guinea Pig”
Cage for rats, birds, chinchillas, ferrets. also no!
These cells generally pose a health hazard to guinea pigs, since they have a large height without a clear division into floors.
How to set up a guinea pig cage. bedding, accessories and Pigs
For a guinea pig, a safe height is 10-15 centimeters. Animals can easily climb and descend on such objects without risking their lives. If you fall from a great height, there is a risk of injury. Recall that guinea pigs do not need height, but width and length. Spaciousness, in a word.
It is better for some time (until you buy a suitable cage for your pig) to keep it at least in a cardboard box, but not in a cage, as in the photo above.
So, the main rule when choosing a cage for a guinea pig: the larger the cage, the happier the guinea pig.
Guinea pig aquarium. NOT!
I would like to clarify right away that not only aquariums, but also terrariums and cages of the “dune” type with plastic walls and a hole in the upper part are classified as unsuitable for guinea pigs.
How To: SET UP A GUINEA PIG CAGE | Hamster HorsesandCats
The main disadvantage of glass and plastic houses is the lack of necessary ventilation. A poor supply of fresh air leads to the fact that animals inhale ammonia vapors from their own feces, and this is especially dangerous if the cage is not cleaned every day. Probably few of us would like to live in a toilet 🙂
over, one cannot but agree that from the point of view of cleaning the aquarium, terrarium and dune-type cage are very beneficial for the owner and convenient in everyday life. everything around is always perfectly clean, no sawdust or hay.
But! On the other side of the scale is the pet’s health (daily ammonia vapor poisoning) and its constant loneliness. Yes, loneliness. After all, guinea pigs do not perceive the world behind glass. They are not involved in the life that goes on there, outside of this transparent thing. After all, even cats do not always understand what is happening outside the window, and their brains are much more complicated than those of pigs.
We humans. a very interesting object of observation for pigs: we move around the room, talk, sometimes we come to the cage and say: “Uchi-ways” or “Hello!” They do not get tired of watching us, probably, therefore, when we enter the room, we immediately see attentive black eyes and a curious nose that is always in motion.
Therefore, from the point of view of the socialization of the pet and the presence of entertainment in its life, an aquarium, terrarium and dune cage are absolutely inappropriate things.!
Which cage is suitable for a guinea pig?
Unfortunately, there is an opinion that guinea pigs are so unpretentious animals that they can live in almost any more or less suitable container. a cardboard box, a tin can, almost in a three-liter can! This is a big misconception! In their homeland, Latin America, these animals live in large families in spacious areas. They move and move almost constantly, calming down only during sleep or a short rest. Therefore, the main requirement for a cage is space.
Which cage is suitable for a guinea pig?
The cages are in principle not suitable for keeping guinea pigs. But, unfortunately, they remain one of the most common types of dwellings for them in Russia. Whereas in Western countries special enclosures or racks have long been used for keeping pigs (examples. “Here”)
Guinea pigs are animals with a wide soul 🙂 A large living space for them. this is not a luxury at all, but a necessity, since in nature these animals spend most of their life in motion. walk and run a lot.
Experts recommend keeping these cute animals in general, not even in cages, but in open-air cages, because by nature itself they are intended to move a lot. Ideally, there should be 1 square meter for each individual. area. Again. One (.) Square meter of area! For example, like this.
It is clear that these are absolutely ideal conditions, and it can be difficult to ensure such conditions. It is quite difficult to allocate one square meter in an ordinary apartment, even for a beloved pet.
Let’s not be idealists and look at things realistically: there is no escape from the cells.
But let’s take into account an important condition: if, after all, a cage for a guinea pig, then BIG!
In the photo below. examples of cages that are too small for guinea pigs, although manufacturers of such cages usually state that this is “the ideal size for your guinea pig.” In fact, the area of cells in the photo is 2-3 times less than the recommended area.!
Please do not buy such “cages” for your pigs (it would be more correct to call these structures “cages”)!
There is no ideal cage for pigs, because, as mentioned above, these animals are not intended to be kept in a cage due to their natural characteristics.
Reflections of experts on why guinea pigs still live in cages in Russia, read this article
Guinea pig cage: a complete overview
Guinea pigs. these are animals that need a separate house. You can’t just keep a pig in an apartment like a cat or a dog, so be prepared to spend some money with the pig to purchase a home for your future pet.
Let’s figure out what should be a home for a guinea pig.
The Svinki.ru community has been dealing with the maintenance and breeding of pigs for over 17 years, so we know everything about guinea pig cages.!
Guinea pig cage sizes
Perfect home for a guinea pig. aviary with an area of about 1 square meter per animal. When keeping two or more individuals. plus 0.5 square meters for each.
But ideal conditions in life are rare, so back to cells.
It is also possible to equip a house quite comfortable for a guinea pig in a cage, if we take into account the recommended norms.
Recommended cage sizes for guinea pigs
|one||0.7 sq. M.|
|2||0.7 sq. M||1 sq.m.|
|3||1 sq.m||1.2 sq. M|
|four||1.2 sq. M|
If you have males, the preferred size will be more of a requirement, as the “boys” are more active and usually require more space.
A typical first thought for a novice pig breeder who sees a good guinea pig cage is, “So big.” Experienced breeders already know that, yes, it’s this big one.!
If a pig can turn around in a cage and even take two or three steps, this does not mean that such a cage is suitable as a permanent home. It is especially “touching” when some still manage to shove a house for a pig and even a wheel into a 30×40 cm cage (which, generally speaking, are not recommended for pigs)!
Another important plus of large cells. this is an opportunity to clean them less often. Paradoxically, at first glance, this is true. When using small cells, the illusion of saving filler is created: less cell, less filler will go away. In fact, it will take more, since in a small cage it becomes dirty faster, therefore, you need to clean it up more often. And sometimes it is necessary to change the filler in the entire cell, while in a large cell the situation is completely different. Guinea pigs tend to defecate in the same places (usually the corners). So in a large cage, it is enough just to change the filler in the corners, adding a new one. The savings are evident!
If a large cage cannot be placed in a room, then the second floor in a cage or rack would be an excellent option. Jogging up and down the stairs. it’s not bad physical activity!
When a rodent dies, to which everyone has managed to become attached, it can be a real tragedy. Hamsters live 1-2 years, a little longer. rats, 3-4 years. Guinea pig beats them all, the average life expectancy in captivity is 6-8 years.
A huge number of different breeds and colors
- short-haired breeds with smooth, shiny coat;
- rosette pigs;
- curly and wavy options;
- naked (hairless).
And this is only the type of wool, and it is simply impossible to list all the color options. The pig can be literally any color: red, black, white, beige, blue, Siamese. Often colors are combined (tricolor and bicolor).
May cause allergies
If a family member is allergic to cats or other animals, or has a tendency to asthma, there is no hope that there will be no rodent allergy. You can check the reaction to the guinea pig allergen in the laboratory, and even more reliable. communicate with the animals for some time with friends or with a breeder.
Not only the pigs themselves can irritate the respiratory tract, but also dust from sawdust and hay, which should be present in the cage 24 hours a day.
pluses of guinea pigs
The most obvious thing is that these rodents are incredibly cute in appearance. It’s scary to even think that in their native South America they were bred not as pets, but for the sake of meat. When you look at their face with shiny beady eyes, it is difficult to restrain a smile. They don’t have a long, nasty tail, like rats or degus, they are round, warm and soft, a toy and only!
In addition to good looks, guinea pigs have other advantages:
Cons of guinea pigs: 7 fly in the ointment
There is nothing more intimidating than pet disappointment. A responsible person will continue to care for the animal, but these responsibilities will not bring joy. When such an animal is gone, the owner will feel both shame and relief, but not sadness. An irresponsible person will simply get rid of an uncomfortable pet, and it’s good if he finds good hands for him, and does not throw him into the trash.
Before you start a guinea pig, you need to find out about the features of these animals, which not everyone will like:
Preparation of materials and tools
You can make a cage at home from a variety of materials. thick cardboard, wooden boards, plywood or plexiglass. Surfaces that are capable of absorbing odors and moisture must be pre-treated with protective impregnations. You will also need guides for the frame. strong wooden blocks of medium thickness will do.
To provide ventilation, you will need a metal mesh. this material is used to cover the roof and one of the walls of the cage. The recommended mesh size is 3 cm for adults. If you are going to breed gilts, the mesh cells should be no more than 1cm so that the cubs cannot get out.
To work with materials, you will need the appropriate tools:
- ruler, tape measure, building level;
- saw-hacksaw, jigsaw;
- metal scissors for the mesh;
- nails, screws, ties;
- screwdriver or drill;
- knife on plastic, plexiglass;
- wood glue.
After the drawing is made and all the materials are prepared, you can start the process of making the cage. The work is performed in the following sequence:
- The prepared drawing is carefully transferred to wood or plywood, after which the parts are cut out using a jigsaw or a hacksaw.
- The frame of the base is being prepared. four bars of the required length are interconnected, forming a rectangle. The height of the base is recommended to be at least 10-15 cm in order to protect animals from drafts. The cage can also be raised or screwed to the base of the leg.
- A sheet of plywood or wood is nailed on top of the frame. the floor of the first floor. It can be immediately treated with building acrylic or silicone, glued on a sheet of thin plastic, tarpaulin. This will protect the surface from absorbing odors and liquids, and will also make cleaning easier.
Wooden bars are screwed to the base with self-tapping screws, which act as vertical guides of the frame.
Horizontal bars are screwed to the vertical bars, the base of the second floor is attached to them. The surface must also be treated with a protective agent, in the right place a hole is cut in advance for a hatch to the first floor.
Construction of the second floor.
The back wall of the cage is attached, the upper part of it can be made in any shape, depending on how you decide to make the roof.
Installation of side walls.
Sliding runners are mounted on the facade slats, along which the door will rise up. You can also use furniture hinges if you want to make a hinged door.
Installation of fasteners for future doors.
Side walls are attached, large windows are made in them. they are tightened with a metal mesh or closed with transparent plexiglass. Thanks to the windows, you can see what the pets are doing, and they will satisfy their curiosity by observing what is happening outside.
The roof can be double-leafed, for this you need to cut out the plexiglass doors. Along the edges, wooden blocks are attached to carpentry glue or self-tapping screws to make it easier to open the doors.
A retractable roof provides full access to the second floor, making cleaning much easier. The last one to attach is a front door made of transparent plastic or metal mesh on a wooden frame. This door should be conveniently folded back or pulled back to provide easy access to the ground floor room.
A homemade guinea pig cage can be of any size and design. When developing a project, it is important to calculate in advance where the finished product will stand. you may need to take into account the peculiarities of the shape of the room. So you can advantageously position the cage in a niche or in the corner of a room. To provide enough space for several pigs and at the same time save space in the apartment, you can make a two-story cage or shelving.
The size of the cage depends on the number of future residents. For one pig, an area of at least 0.7-1 square meters is required, with sides of 140×70 cm, for each next animal, 0.5 square meters are added. Check if you get the desired area, if necessary increase the values of the sides. A diagram taking into account specific dimensions can be calculated using a simple drawing as an example.
The details of the cage can be modified or decorated, for example, make the walls of the second floor not rectangular, but beveled, so that the cage looks like a house with a gable roof. The facade is closed with a metal mesh, transparent plastic or plexiglass.
IMPORTANT: In a two-story cage, there must be a convenient continuous ramp or a gentle wooden staircase to the second floor. Guinea pigs are not the most agile animals, so ordinary wire ladders will be inconvenient and dangerous for them. The height of the floors should also not be too high. then the pig will not hurt itself if it falls off the ramp.
Arrangement of the cell
Inside the cage, you can make various elevations and shelves to provide the pet with the ability to move more. To all elevations, as well as to the second floor, a ramp convenient for the pig should lead. It is made from a thin board or plywood, on which pieces of lath are glued at regular intervals.
Guinea pig safety ladder.
To entertain the pigs, you can put wooden toys in the cage. sticks and figures for gnawing. Some pigs like to roll balls, regular tennis or hard rubber will do. It is important that the size of the ball is large enough, otherwise the pet will be able to chew it. Hanging hammocks for lying are very popular with pigs. They can be sewn from thick fabric or towels, small carabiners are used for fastening.
Guinea pig toys
The rodent’s body needs movement. The animal quickly masters the space of the cell and the interest fades away.
Many rodents like to get straws from the hay ball. The device is not very convenient for eating. Its presence is not a reason to get rid of a special tray.
Guinea pigs are comfortable in burrow-like rooms. Therefore, toys in the form of pipes are in demand among pets. It is useful to acquire several of these in cages where several individuals are kept. They will serve as a good shelter in case of possible conflicts between rodents.
Pipes and labyrinths make the life of a guinea pig interesting
Labyrinths can interest the animal for a long time. Being active has a positive effect on the physical health of the guinea pig and helps prevent obesity.
What should be in a guinea pig’s cage: we equip a pet’s housing
Rodents spend a lot of time closed, so it is important to equip the guinea pig cage as comfortable as possible. It is important that there is room for the animal to play. The furnishings should not overload the space. Suitable items:
- made of harmless materials;
- do not contain sharp edges;
- made without small brittle parts and loose fillers;
- correspond to the size of the pet;
- arouse interest in the rodent or perform practical functions.
It is worth paying attention to the ease of maintenance, since all accessories need to be regularly wiped and cleaned.
House and alternatives
The guinea pig is a shy and modest animal. Next to attentive people, the rodent becomes more sociable and bolder, but he still needs a place for solitude. The arrangement of the guinea pig cage also includes the creation of a secluded corner. The house does a good job of this.
In a group of rodents for the house, a serious struggle can flare up. Instead of the usual structure, it is better to put a canopy, or to enclose a whole section of the cage with dense material.
The house can become an obstacle to taming. Inside, the animal feels isolated and does not see the other inhabitants of the apartment. In order for the rodent to get used to people faster, it is better to replace the house with a handful of hay for a while.
You can purchase a complete housing, or equip a guinea pig cage with everything you need with your own hands. Household items must be securely attached to the walls, or stably positioned on the floor. The cage needs:
The drinker prevents your pet from splashing water on the litter and getting wet. You need to update its content daily.
The volume depends on the number of animals in the cage. Several smaller drinkers can be used for the flock. The option is doubly relevant for males, since the dominant individual may not admit the passive one to the water. Must have a guinea pig cage and a place to eat.
It is worth purchasing separate feeders for different types of food: it is better to place green, juicy and coarse foods separately.
At home, the rodent needs to provide conditions similar to natural ones. The animal needs rough materials to grind its teeth. Twigs should be placed in the cage. It is advisable to avoid conifers. Trees with large seeds in their fruits must first be dried. Optionally, you can use a suitable mineral stone.
Hanging accessories will not cause injury if the height is correctly determined and the mounts are secured. Hammocks are optional, but many pigs enjoy relaxing in them.
To prevent the pet from hurting itself, you need to ensure safety in the cage. When choosing equipment, you should pay attention to the materials from which it is made.
Thin plastic, varnished and painted surfaces, synthetic fabrics are dangerous for guinea pigs.
Rodents tend to taste new objects. Toxic substances enter the body and can cause serious illness.
Animals like fabric accessories and toys. The use of a guinea pig in a cage is acceptable, but requires close attention of the owner. If the animal is actively gnawing matter, it is better to remove the object. Fabrics require regular cleaning, without the use of chemicals.
Only safe toys for guinea pigs should be in the cage
Wooden devices will help the rodent to grind their teeth and are completely safe. Products made of vines, cork and solid wood are suitable. The main thing is that the wood is not treated with toxic substances and does not contain resins.
Metal devices will last a long time and are safe for the animal. There should be no lattice surfaces under the pet’s feet, they contribute to paw injuries.
You can make sure that the animal is comfortable if you observe how the objects in the cage are used. That which does not arouse interest should be made more attractive with treats, removed, or replaced. You can safely experiment with the situation. Guinea pigs love rearrangements and novelties.