Guinea pig toys
Guinea pigs are social animals, they like to be in a company, to play with their own kind or their owner. But it happens that the owner decided to have only one animal and does not have the opportunity to devote a lot of time to his pet. In this case, the best way out of this situation will be toys for guinea pigs, which you can make yourself. These toys will help the pig to quickly adapt to the new territory, as a last resort, she can hide in them.
These animals often fall into a stupor in an open, unfamiliar space, and if there are accessories in which the pig can hide, it will feel a little more confident. Food and fresh water will also help the rodent to settle in a new place.
The following toys are not recommended for guinea pigs:
- Walking balls,
- Running wheels
The house should be spacious, preferably with a flat roof for viewing, and not made of plastic, because. It is harmful to guinea pigs. “Ecological” housing. a house made of wood. But it absorbs unpleasant odors, so the owners more often take houses made of ceramics or plexiglass.
We described how to make a house for a guinea pig with our own hands in this article.
For guinea pigs, there are a huge number of Sennik modifications. There is a huge selection of them, but the most popular are lattice senniks. They are hung for the pig in the aviary. There is not much room for hay in round senniks, so they are more often used as a toy.
Plastic senniks placed behind the cage are not very convenient for these animals. There are senniks that are installed outside. You can also make them yourself using bricks with holes and twigs. The main thing is that the animal has constant access to hay. If the pig doesn’t like to eat from the sennik, you can put hay in the cage.
What toys can guinea pigs
Wicker baskets, wooden bridges, various straw balls, tunnels made of natural materials, toilet paper rolls, box houses and paper towels are considered as an option.
The tunnel can also be built from plastic pipes, the diameter of which is slightly larger than the size of your pet. Buy several pipes from the plumbing department, it is best to take sewer pipes, they are easily attached without additional equipment. In addition, you can always disassemble the tunnel and make a new one by changing the design.
Put food inside the tunnel or house that the pig will look for. Tree branches are also great toys. They will cover the pig and become a good treat, because K. On the branches there are bark and leaves, a favorite of the rodent. Rodents will be able to sharpen their claws on rough stones and bricks, and teeth on children’s wooden blocks. It is important to make sure that your pet chews inconsistently, otherwise digestive problems may appear. All these toys for a guinea pig can be made by hand.
The rodent can lie on couches, hammocks, pillows, shelves, etc. These items need to be washed and wiped, because of the love of pigs to defecate where they lie. Such contact can lead to fungus, urinary dermatitis and pododermatitis.
We talked about how to make a hammock for your pet here.
In the aviary, you need to lay something waterproof (linoleum, oilcloth) and on top of a rug, fleece or cotton fabric. So the floor of the cage will not deteriorate, and the pig will not slip its paws. The cage should be thoroughly washed once a week to remove excess debris. In the heat, tiles are often used, which can be put in a cage or in an aviary. The tiles come in handy as a great cool place to rest your pig.
Imagine, because in order to make toys for guinea pigs, special skills are not required, and by periodically adding some new thing to the cage, you will not let your pet get bored.
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What branches can be chosen without harm to the health of the pet?
The guinea pig has an absolute intolerance to essential oils. it can easily get poisoned by using them. Cyanogen glucosides also contribute to animal poisoning. Therefore, there is a clear list of trees, the branches of which the guinea pig is strictly prohibited from taking as food.
- Apricot, cherry, plum, peach and other trees. fragrant fruit-bearing trees with a stone in the fruit;
- Spruce branches and branches of other conifers;
- Lemon, tangerine, orange and other trees. branches of any citrus trees.
- Krushina is strictly prohibited. Contains poisons;
- Robinia. similar.
The list of trees whose branches can be eaten by guinea pigs is much more than the list of forbidden plants.
- Poplar. twigs are available in limited quantities;
- Quince. twigs are possible, but the fruit itself is prohibited;
- Willow. twigs are allowed to be consumed in limited quantities. contains tannic acid;
- Elm. available in limited quantities and often. If there is a lot, it contributes to the appearance of constipation.
- Walnut. twigs are allowed to be consumed in limited quantities. walnut leaves are also allowed, and the nuts themselves are prohibited for food;
- Oak. possible in limited quantities. contains tannins. Acorns cannot be given to rodents. they are poisonous;
- Maple. unlimited quantities;
- Branches of apple, pear, hazel. you can in unlimited quantities;
- Hawthorn. twigs are allowed to be consumed in unlimited quantities. Be sure to remove the thorns from the branches, otherwise the animal has a risk of injury;
- Gooseberry. twigs are allowed to be consumed in unlimited quantities, after removing the thorns;
- Currant. you can in unlimited quantities;
- Blueberries. you can in unlimited quantities;
- Alder. twigs are allowed to be consumed in unlimited quantities;
- Ash. available in limited quantities. Berries and kidneys are not allowed!
- Linden. you can in limited quantities. Has a diuretic effect;
- Birch. Try to use it sparingly and in limited quantities. Contains tannic acid;
- Beech. twigs are allowed to be consumed in limited quantities;
- Chestnut. can be extremely rare and in small quantities. Eating more can lead a guinea pig to a condition such as paralysis. It is generally forbidden to give chestnuts themselves;
- Rowan. rarely and in limited quantities.
The sprig of the guinea pig should be given raw, unprocessed. It can be washed beforehand. If the plant has thorns, remove them.
It doesn’t matter which branches you choose. It is important that the guinea pig always have some twigs on hand. With them, she will stimulate her gums, and will also be able to eat, receiving useful trace elements and vitamins.
Several features of the diet of guinea pigs: rules are important
Pigs are absolutely contraindicated to eat foods of animal origin. The guinea pig is a herbivorous animal, and it should only eat grass, tree branches, tree bark, and other plants.
The most important food for pigs is hay, which is harvested in the summer. Hay prevents digestive and gastrointestinal problems.
You can also sprout oats, wheat, or other healthy grains on your own at home. You can also use sweet fruits for pigs, but it is better to serve them in small quantities.
Vitamin C is not produced in the body of a guinea pig. The animal can get it from food (twigs and leaves). Additionally, you can dissolve the vitamin in the drinking bowl.
If you follow these simple rules, your life will become noticeably easier. You will stop talking about what is allowed for your pet and what is strictly forbidden for him. The guinea pig will begin to receive healthy foods every day. twigs, as well as leaves.
You will extend the life of your pet if you analyze which plants are best to feed it and when. Your animal will grow up healthy, cheerful, energetic. Be considerate of those you have tamed!
Can guinea pigs have seeds
Many experts assure that it is possible to feed rodents with seeds, since they do not cause any harm to the digestive system. over, such a product can diversify the menu. In addition, in the composition of ready-made feed, seeds are one of the ingredients.
How to properly introduce seeds into the diet:
- Be sure to check the product for signs of spoilage;
- Only give raw;
- In the first feeding, you need to peel off and give only kernels.
What seeds can you give:
- Sunflower they contain many useful properties, vitamins E, C and A, they contain copper, iron, calcium, phosphorus;
- Pumpkin seeds rich in vitamins and 9 micro and macro elements. The nutritional value of these seeds is possible due to the presence of fats and proteins in them. And fiber and carbohydrates help cleanse the intestines. Also, these seeds contain the toxin cucurbitin, which has an anthelmintic.
- Flaxseeds and sesame seeds, in small quantities;
- Hemp seeds are strictly prohibited.
Useful properties of sunflower seeds:
- Due to their antioxidant content, they help reduce oxidative stress and improve immunity;
- Vitamin E, which is found in the seeds, improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system and maintains vascular permeability;
- Fiber helps to speed up the digestive process;
- Folic acid allows rodents to gain skin elasticity.
Sunflower seeds are a kind of concentrates, that is, high-calorie feed, in which the amount of fat reaches 50%, so you should be careful when feeding. The weekly serving of peeled seeds should not exceed one teaspoon, two kernels are allowed, morning and evening. In the presence of diseases of the skin or for breeds that are characterized by dry skin, which include Rex, Skinny, Textel, it is necessary to additionally give no more than two teaspoons per day.
What nuts are allowed to give to a rodent
Giving or not giving nuts to your pet is a moot point. Some argue that they are difficult for digestion, while others, on the contrary, I think the kernels are an excellent treat, only you must definitely observe the amount of intake.
Do not give roasted nuts, salted or flavored. Before giving the nut, it must be cleaned, if the rodent eats the shell, then it can injure the cheek pouches, the digestive tract and damage the teeth. Walnuts, hazelnuts, cashews and pine nuts are best suited, and you can only give them half every two days. But when overeating, they can cause a deterioration in the condition of the rodent, since they contain a large amount of hydrocyanic acid, which has toxic processes.
It is not worth giving pine nuts and peanuts as feeding, since these varieties contain a high percentage of fat and can harm the animal, contributing to the occurrence of obesity, which in the future can lead to diabetes.
Do I need to give the guinea pig leaves?
For the guinea pig, the leaves are a kind of delicacy. Therefore, of course, they should be present in the daily summer rodent diet.
Together with the leaves, the pig will eat the twigs of plants.
What are the healthiest leaves for your guinea pig?
These leaves can be consumed in any quantity, even around the clock. The pig will only get better from such a diet.
For the winter, you can stock up on healthy, nutritious leaves and twigs so that your pig has an excellent balanced diet all year round.
What branches can be given to guinea pigs without fear?
For your guinea pig to live as long as possible, you need to monitor the quality of its nutrition. Unfortunately, sad statistics say that most often pigs die due to problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, it is necessary to think over her nutrition carefully.
Your pet should eat a balanced diet and regularly. If the rodent is not fed for at least a day or more, it will starve to death. Exhaustion begins instantly. Therefore, in no case should you skip meals. The pig should be fed with the foods that it would eat in the wild. Many owners, starting this cute animal at home, do not know how and what to properly feed the rodent.
The ancestors of guinea pigs ate simple food in the wild. they ate grass, tree bark, various fruits that they found under fruit-bearing trees. The domesticated guinea pig is not far from its predecessors. it needs food for the same.
The guinea pig has an extremely long intestine, and its stomach walls are incredibly thin. To normalize digestion, they need to constantly chew and digest something. Rodents also grow teeth all their lives, so they need to eat solid food to grind their teeth.
Can guinea pigs eat apples and pears??
But can all the branches be taken for use by the pig, or are there restrictions?
Rules for adding branches to the diet of a guinea pig
You don’t need to give your animal dry branches. Pig needs the micronutrients and macronutrients of a fresh tree, so pluck twigs from a healthy, fruit-bearing tree. By eating the twigs, the animal will both stimulate the gums and improve blood circulation throughout the body.
Can guinea pigs eat walnuts
Thanks to proteins, nutrients and fats, they do not cause any harm to the health of the rodent. It is especially recommended to give them to pregnant females. They improve bowel and heart muscle function.
In addition to kernels, you can give walnut branches and leaves, rich in vitamins C, B1 and P, iodine, carotene, tannins and essential oils, which have a bactericidal effect, therefore they have a detrimental effect on all types of bacteria, the negative point is that during this process beneficial microbes are also destroyed, which provokes a violation of the intestinal microflora. If your pet has frequent diarrhea, it is advisable when feeding as a medicine to give such a product that, when ingested, has an astringent effect. In addition to all of the above, it is possible to improve metabolism, increase appetite. Also, walnut leaves have anthelmintic and sugar-lowering effects.
Cashew nuts contain vitamin E, which has a beneficial effect on the condition of the coat and prevents hair loss.
If the pet is lazy by nature, then you need to completely exclude nuts, which are rich in fats and oils in their composition, and with a sedentary rodent lifestyle, they can provoke obesity. To avoid obesity, you should set the rate of fat-containing feed, which should not be more than 10-15%.
Giving nuts and not being afraid for the health of the rodent is possible only if the animal is active and eats little dry food.
If your little pet has a very tousled coat, it actively sheds out of season, there is very dry, flaky skin, all this indicates a lack of fatty acids in the body. With such symptoms, it is simply necessary to give nuts or seeds, but it is also worthwhile to consult a veterinarian to find out exactly the cause.
Any new product should be introduced into the diet gradually, during the week, give in small portions so that the intestines can get used to, to allow the intestines to get used to, and during this period of time you will learn the taste preferences of your pet.
It is categorically impossible to give almonds, kernels of apricots and peaches, because of the content of hydrocyanic acid, which is poisonous for the body of a small rodent. Of course, one nucleolus will not be able to harm his health, but their prolonged use in food can be fatal. Also, prohibited types of nuts include acorns due to the presence of tannins, starch, sugars and fats in them, which adversely affect digestion.
General feeding rules:
- Compliance with the regular regime;
- Two meals a day, no snacks;
- Unfinished food must be removed;
- Put more emphasis on fresh fruits, vegetables and herbs;
- Before feeding with natural products, they must be washed;
- Use nuts and seeds only as a treat, keeping variety.
Talking about proper nutrition, it is worth mentioning hay, which must be in the rodent’s cage. Hay contains useful substances that are simply necessary for the life of the animal, in addition, with the help of rough straw, the rodent grinds down its incisors, which grow throughout its life. The second no less important item that should be in the cage is a mineral-salt stone, thanks to which the animal’s body receives the required amount of salts.
Guinea pigs are small rodents, but with their small size, their intestines are very long, more than two meters, so digestion takes a very long period of time. The passage of feeds containing fats can take a whole week, so it is necessary to correctly calculate the daily feeding dose. Otherwise, digestive upset, a violation of the intestinal microflora may occur, which does not exclude the death of a rodent.
In addition, in no case forget that guinea pigs are herbivores, so more emphasis should be placed on a natural diet, which should consist of fresh grass, leaves, branches, vegetables and fruits. Therefore, a grain mixture as a permanent food is strictly prohibited, since this type of feeding can lead to frequent constipation and problems with bite.
What I’m a master at is talking about hamsters incessantly. I have three hamsters at home, and my husband has a tame rat. So we live, eat with six, sleep with six 🙂
Ready mixes: are they as bad as they say??
Pellets are high in protein and calcium, which can cause kidney stones. They can also cause other ailments in the urinary system. Granules can be addictive, which is fraught with the development of malocclusion and overeating. In addition, pelleted feed contains excess sugar and fat, which can trigger obesity and diabetes.
It is also worth knowing that there are a lot of flavors in factory-made feeds that can be addictive to the point that the animal will simply refuse normal food. In addition to chemical additives for guinea pigs, additives such as:
- Flour (any kind);
- Seeds of different kinds.
Of course, the animal will have nothing from a single intake of forbidden products. But in large quantities, they can be addictive.
The mistake of many owners is the preparation of a diet from corn, grains and other prohibited foods. This diet is considered erroneous, if only because of its high calorie content. In nature, the basis of a rodent’s menu is grain. It helps them stay full for a long time and ensure a reliable metabolism, which will allow them to overcome critically low temperatures. Grains and cereals are, of course, essential in the diet. But they should be given in moderation. The main function of the grains is to grind off overgrown incisors. Corn should be given less often due to its high sugar content.
Guinea pigs are considered herbivores, not granivores. Therefore, it is not recommended to give them granules. It is important to remember that the maximum percentage of grain should not exceed 30% of the total diet. Large amounts of grain can negatively affect the functioning of the digestive system and the whole body. Obesity can also be observed because of this. The maximum nutritional value can be achieved by combining green, succulent and roughage types of forage in the correct ratio.
Of the necessary crops, the animal needs unpeeled oats, which can be safely included in the daily menu. You can diversify your diet with wheat, barley, oatmeal or millet. Barley is also suitable. The following products need to be excluded:
- Corn grits;
The restrictions were introduced due to the incomplete physical activity of the animal. These types of foods contain an excess of carbohydrates, which are converted into body fat. Due to the ingress of fat into the internal organs, general problems with the gastrointestinal tract can occur. In addition, these types of cereals provoke fermentation processes, which is fraught with bloating.
It is strongly not recommended to subject food to heat treatment. A mixture of cereals and grains should be at least 30% of the daily diet. Violation leads to diseases of various kinds.
What cereals can guinea pigs?
Despite the popularity of guinea pigs, they are not the kind of animal that only basic grooming can do. They need extra attention as well as special treatment. Due to the special structure of the digestive system, the diet of pets should be selected as closely as possible to the natural diet. Before you start an animal, you need to know everything about their natural diet. Adequate nutrition is a vital issue for an animal. If an animal is starving, then it can die within a day.
When properly nourished by the animal, their appearance will radiate overall health. Ideally, the pet’s daily menu should consist of the following components in percentage terms:
- 50% hay;
- 20% dry feed;
- 20% juicy food;
- 10% greens, preferably fresh.
Many are interested in the question of how many times to feed an animal per day. Feeding must be carried out 3 times a day, while food must be constantly in the cage. In addition, hay is always required in the cage.
A variety of food is important, there should be at least 3 different types of vegetables per day, as well as greens. However, it is forbidden to give grass collected from ecologically unsafe areas like highways. It is most optimal to give the animal fruits / vegetables before noon, and dry types of food after noon.
Method for preparing sprouts for pigs
Natural, green shoots are ideal for guinea pigs. This product is useful not only for guinea pigs, but also for other pets. You can germinate oats at home in a week. After shearing, the grass can re-germinate 2 to 4 times.
The process will require:
A tray for kittens or any other with deep sides can be suitable as a container. Add sawdust evenly. It is necessary that the sawdust does not completely cover the container. You need to leave room for another filling and seedlings. Fill the tray with sawdust approximately 2 cm, tamp it lightly. Then sow the oats about another 1.5 cm. It is necessary to level the surface and tamp it lightly. Then pour warm water, it is important that it is not hot. Excess water is drained or filtered. Again tamp lightly, wipe the edges. Water the oats once a day. Abundant watering can provoke the appearance of mold and, as a result, the death of the shoots. As mentioned above, the seedlings grow back up to 4 times.
If you study everything and compose a competent diet before buying a pig, then the process of leaving and drawing up a menu will not be such a strong problem. If the owner is a beginner or is simply not confident in his abilities, then you can purchase ready-made mixtures. It is worth buying from trusted manufacturers, you do not need to neglect the advice of a specialist. Despite the different cost, these feeds contain approximately the same percentage of vitamins and minerals. But gradually you can supplement the diet with more varied food, forming both the nutrition of the rodent and your own grooming skill.
Guinea pigs are rightfully considered one of the most difficult animals to care for and feed. With the right diet, many problems can be avoided. The diet of this animal also affects the appearance, as well as in humans. Any lack of vitamins can cause problems such as dull fur or general malaise, problems with the digestive tract, obesity, and so on. If the owner took the animal off his hands and the diet was initially incorrect, it should be adjusted gradually and only after consulting a veterinarian. In addition to consultation, it is advisable to ask the past owners of the pet’s living conditions in order to correctly draw up a care plan.
If you know the basics, then caring for a guinea pig won’t be too difficult, even for beginners.
What I’m a master at is talking about hamsters incessantly. I have three hamsters at home, and my husband has a tame rat. So we live, eat with six, sleep with six 🙂
Vitamin C, which is responsible for the functioning of connective and bone tissues, pigs have to look for from the outside, since their body is not able to produce it on its own.
Guinea pigs are very fond of apples, cucumbers and carrots.
Ascorbic acid enters the body from plant foods, including fresh vegetables (broccoli, bell peppers), making up at least 1 teacup per day.
Among the vegetables that can be given to guinea pigs, there are:
- Zucchini. Rich in vitamins, minerals and pectins that normalize intestinal peristalsis.
- Carrot. It has a positive effect on the condition of the skin and coat, visual and auditory functions. In addition to root crops, it is allowed to feed the tops. The contained beta-keratin (vitamin A) gives the urine an orange tint.
- Bulgarian pepper. Rich in vitamin C, but dangerous in winter due to the amount of harmful nitrates. Only sweet varieties are allowed as feed, and spicy ones lead to irritation of the mucous membranes.
- Pumpkin. Not only the pulp is eaten, but also the crust and seeds, rich in zinc and acting as a prophylactic agent against helminthiasis.
- Cucumbers. Low in calories, anti-inflammatory and facilitates fat absorption. Not suitable as a main food and dangerous in winter (high nitrates).
- Fresh peas. It is recommended to feed pets only with fresh pods, not overusing the amount. Dried grains should not be consumed, but some manufacturers add them to the finished feed.
- Cabbage. Requires competent control. It is introduced gradually to avoid abundant gas formation. Rich in sulfur that synthesizes collagen and gives shine to the coat.
- Swede. Relieves constipation, relieves peristalsis and has a diuretic effect. Suggests consumption in winter, when the choice of vegetables becomes limited.
- Jerusalem artichoke. The intake of starches-fortified root vegetables should be limited to avoid intestinal upset. The remaining portions rich in fiber and amino acids are allowed on a permanent basis.
Controversial and dangerous vegetables include:
- Tomatoes. In a green (unripe) form, they are considered poisonous due to solanine; the use of tops is also not recommended. Ripe tomatoes, containing a large amount of vitamins, undergo the destruction of a dangerous poison, so they can be included in the diet in limited quantities. Avoid Tomato Abundance, which causes intestinal upset.
- Potatoes. Another vegetable rich in poisonous solanine and starchy substances.
- Melon. Dangerous for the development of diabetes mellitus due to the abundance of sugars.
- Radish and radish. Essential oils irritate mucous membranes and cause bloating.
- Beets. Has a laxative effect. Not recommended for pregnancy, lactation and age Fruit menu
Fruits are rich in sugars, therefore, they are considered not as a full-fledged part of the diet, but exclusively in the form of a treat.
Among all the abundance of fruits, without strict restrictions, the guinea pig can only eat apples. They normalize digestive processes and remove toxins. The bones must be removed, as they contain toxic toxins.
Among the berries, the use is allowed:
- Grape. The abundance of fiber and vitamin B has a positive effect on the body. Thanks to the pleasant taste, the animal eats berries with great pleasure.
- Arbuzov. Only the pulp is fed to the animals. The crusts accumulate nitrite and are considered hazardous. Due to the diuretic effect, the amount eaten is minimized.
- Rowan. Blackberry replenishes vitamins C and P, and red. carotene.
Controversial and dangerous berries and fruits include:
- Citrus. Irritates mucous membranes and provokes allergic reactions.
- Strawberries. Is fraught with an excess of vitamin C, leading to allergies, diarrhea, gastritis and ulcers. Given in tiny doses no more than 1-2 times a week.
- Bananas. Replenish glucose and fiber, but due to the increased calorie content and sugars, they are consumed to a minimum.
What vegetables and fruits can you feed guinea pigs?
Herbivorous mammals love to feast on fruits and vegetables, but not all plant foods are equally beneficial for rodents.
We will analyze the basic principles of nutrition, and also consider the benefits and harms of vegetables and fruits permissible in the diet of guinea pigs.
In the wild, guinea pigs eat the bark and branches of trees, fruits, berries and leaves. The main material that ensures the smooth functioning of the digestive tract is fiber.
At home, the diet is based on:
Rodents can be given no more than 120 g, fruits and vegetables per day. Food is provided in small chunks and removed in case of malnutrition. Overripe or rotten foods will cause digestive problems.
The diet of guinea pigs should be balanced and exclude hunger strikes. Not enough food left behind leads to rapid dehydration, depleting the body.
Vegetables and fruits, rich in vitamins and minerals, help to normalize the water-salt balance and increase the resistance of the immune system.
Rosehip is a rich vitamin and mineral complex. It contains vitamins C, E, PP, B1 and B2, minerals. calcium, manganese, potassium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, zinc, copper and iron. Guinea pigs can use berries, flowers and rose hips. Rosehip berries can be given to the guinea pig fresh or dry, only before feeding it is necessary to remove the fleecy seeds. Rosehip is very useful for a pet, as it strengthens the immune system, improves digestion, soothes, restores the animal’s strength after illness or pregnancy, helps against atherosclerosis, for pain in the abdomen, for healing wounds and cracks in the bones. Guinea pigs can also be poured with rosehip infusion into the drinker.
Can guinea pigs eat kiwi? Kiwi is an exotic fruit that contains high amounts of vitamin C, other vitamins and minerals. But, along with this, kiwi contains a large amount of acids. This fruit is rarely given, because the acids contained in kiwi irritate the skin of the lips and oxidize urine.
Pomegranate is source of vitamins and minerals. But you can give this fruit infrequently and in small doses. The pigs are fed well-washed skins, films and grains. Only pomegranate should be given carefully, little by little, following the reaction of the pet’s gastrointestinal tract, since this fruit strengthens.
What fruits and berries can guinea pigs have?
Every owner of a guinea pig or other animal wants to treat his pet with some delicacy. For guinea pigs, fruits or berries are perfect as a treat. These foods should always be in your pet’s diet. Fruits and berries are source of many vitamins and minerals. If greens are constantly present in your pig’s diet, then fruit can be offered three to four times a week in small quantities. Some pets are prone to cheilitis. Such individuals should be given fruit even less often. But not all types of treats can be given to rodents. So what fruits and berries can guinea pigs have? Let’s figure it out.
- Strawberries and strawberries
- Currants, blueberries
- Sea buckthorn
- Oranges and tangerines
Can guinea pigs eat grapes? Young shoots, leaves and berries are suitable as food for the guinea pig. Fresh grapes should be offered very rarely and in small quantities. Eating these berries can cause fermentation in the rodent’s digestive system. Guinea pigs need to be fed seedless grapes.
Oranges and tangerines
Fruit acids irritate the skin and oxidize urine. But guinea pigs are fed both citrus pulp and a peel, treated with chemicals and rich in essential oils, which should never be done. When eating oranges, tangerines and other citrus fruits, your pet may develop cheilitis, or even death. And the guinea pigs will eat whatever you give them.
Cherries, sweet cherries, apricots, peaches, plums and other stone fruits contain a large amount of sugar and when feeding a large amount of sugar to a pet along with water, severe diarrhea occurs. If you want to feed your guinea pig with a cherry, apricot or other similar fruit, first remove the pit and offer the guinea pig a half of a cherry or a tiny piece of apricot to start with. If the rodent responds normally to this fruit, you can gradually increase the amount.
Exotic fruits. guava, lychee, mango, papaya, pineapple and others are not advisable to give, as they can cause a dangerous digestive upset. Some fruits, such as avocados, are toxic to rodents and lead to diarrhea.
Strawberries and strawberries
Can guinea pigs eat strawberries and strawberries? These berries contain glucose, fructose, pectin substances, vitamins A, C, E, group B, iron, calcium, phosphorus, cobalt, manganese.
If you grow strawberries and strawberries yourself, then they can be given to your guinea pig without fear for the health of the pet. But the purchased berries must be discarded. It has been noticed that guinea pigs eat strawberry and strawberry leaves and tails more readily than fruits. Therefore, if your pet has given up on a sweet berry, offer him a strawberry leaf or tail. Strawberries and strawberries should be given to the rodent only ripe, without signs of spoilage and rot.
Can guinea pigs eat an apple? The fruits of the apple tree, as well as the leaves and young twigs, are suitable for food for guinea pigs. Apples can be fed raw or dried to pets. Apples contain fructose, fiber, pectin, vitamins C, E, P, K, group B, carotene and minerals. Guinea pigs prefer sweet apples.
Dried apples must be soaked in water for 2-4 hours before feeding, and then boiled. Do not give pets spoiled fruits and with traces of rot. Guinea pigs should be given pitted, chopped apple pieces. Indeed, apple seeds contain a dangerous substance that, under the action of gastric juice, breaks down and forms hydrocyanic acid, which is a strong poison. The amount of this poison will be enough to kill the animal.
Guinea pigs can be fed pear leaves, fruits and young branches. Pear fruits should be rarely in the rodent’s diet and only as a treat. Pears contain a lot of sugar, which is easily absorbed by the body and can cause bloating in your guinea pig. The fruit must be pitted.
Sea buckthorn has a very high vitamin C, as well as A and group B. It strengthens the immune system. But you should not give a lot of this useful berry, because sea buckthorn contains a lot of sugar. This berry can sometimes be given in small quantities. Rodents are also given twigs and leaves.
Guinea pigs can use currants and blueberries no more than twice a week. Young branches and leaves are also suitable for feeding pets.
What herbs can and can not be fed to domestic guinea pigs
The guinea pig is an absolute vegetarian. Greens occupy the most important place in her diet. In the summer, it makes sense to completely transfer the rodent to green food. First you need to find out which grass is useful for guinea pigs, and which can be harmful.
The grass can be fed to the rodent right away if it is collected in clean areas. When in doubt, rinse it under running cold water.
Do not scald herbs with boiling water, this will not kill pest larvae and pathogenic bacteria, and the nutritional value of the grass will decrease. The exception is nettle, which can be treated with hot water or wrinkled strongly so that it stops burning.
For freezing, the plants are finely cut, laid out in small batches in small bags and sent to the freezer.
Wild grasses, which can be picked in forest belts, along the banks of rivers, lakes and cultivated by humans, form the basis of the rodent diet in summer.
Most of the plants that are given to pigs can be found on the table in humans. But you should not be guided by this. Do not give them green onions and garlic. Bay leaf, which is used by housewives as a means to add flavor to dishes, is poisonous for guinea pigs.
The pig is given the grass freshly picked or hay is prepared. In both the first and second case, the plants must be clean and environmentally friendly. Freezing for the winter.
There are many plants that are poisonous to the pet and can lead to death. Do not give the pig celandine, aronic, henbane, rhubarb, fern, nightshade, horse sorrel. Flowers, leaves and tubers of lily, hyacinth, lily of the valley, narcissus are poisonous. You can not feed the pet white acacia, sorrel, wrestler, ivy and broom.
Not every tree or shrub is suitable for an animal. They should not be fed branches and roots of dogwood, juniper and thuja. Hellebore, oleander and belladonna are extremely dangerous for rodents. Pig can get poisoned by trying euphorbia, aloe, geranium.
The benefits of juicy feed
Each plant is endowed with a set of useful substances, which determine its benefits for the rodent:
- Run away. The pet can be present in the summer diet every day. Improves digestion and enriches the body with vitamin C. Especially useful in spring, when you can pick young leaves of dream in the glades.
- Red and white clover. Contains vitamins, proteins and essential oils, fiber. This herb is given in small portions no more than twice a week, and only adult plants. It is contraindicated to give clover leaves to females that carry cubs because of the danger of miscarriage.
- Plantain is useful for rodents because of potassium, glycosides, enzymes, tannins, vitamins. The rodent is useful for young leaves that are collected away from the tracks.
- Quinoa. Contains many useful trace elements. Small amounts are beneficial. Because of oxalic acid, give with caution, no more than 1 time in 2 weeks, so as not to provoke urolithiasis.
- Chamomile. Refers to therapeutic agents, removes inflammatory processes in the body, acts as an antispasmodic and sedative. Fresh chamomile is given to pigs 1 time a week as a prophylactic agent. Decoctions are effective for indigestion.
- Burdock. Improves metabolism, is a storehouse of vitamins and tannins. Roots and young leaves are useful for pigs in the spring-summer season.
- Sedge. Favorite grass of rodents with a rich composition of nutrients. In spring and summer, you can include in the daily diet of the animal.
- Spinach. Rich in proteins, vitamins and potassium. In the spring, animals are given fresh leaves. They can be frozen for the winter.
- Dandelion. Only leaves can be given. As a vitamin spring greenery, it is simply irreplaceable.
- Kinza. Rodents are ambivalent about this spicy greenery, which contains a rich set of beneficial trace elements and vitamins. Because of the specific taste and aroma, some pets love cilantro, others do not even touch it. The diet can be included all year round.
- Iceberg lettuce. Refers to winter types of salads, can accumulate pesticides that are dangerous to the pet. If grown at home, it is useful to include it in the diet of the pig 2 times a week.
- Arugula. Give the rodent a limited amount due to the concentration of mustard oil. Leaves can accumulate nitrates.
- Mother and stepmother. It belongs to medicinal plants, so it benefits only in limited quantities. Useful for inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal tract and for colds.
- Wheatgrass. You can give your pet daily. Forms the basis for hay. Improves digestion, increases appetite.
- Common wormwood. Good for rodents. They eat it eagerly. Not to be confused with bitter wormwood, which blooms with yellow flowers.
- Alfalfa. Recommended for pregnant and lactating females, young animals. Due to the large amount of calcium, adult rodents are given limited.
- Woodlice. Refers to medicinal plants, but has no contraindications as a daily feed. Boosts immunity and improves digestion.
- Mint. A tasty and aromatic herb will provide many benefits to pigs if it is dosed into the diet. The problem is that not all pets can tolerate it.
- Lettuce leaves are good for winter greens. Provided to pets without petioles to reduce the likelihood of nitrate ingestion.
Most gilts love celery, parsley, young apple leaves, fresh hay made from a collection of meadow grasses.
Where to collect
In order for the grass to benefit the rodent, you should not pick it in the following places:
- Where it is possible to walk pets;
- On pastures;
- Along the roads;
- Near trash cans and dumps;
- Close to industrial sites;
- In the fields treated with chemicals.
You should not collect greens in forest belts and park areas where there are a large number of ticks.
Growing grass for your guinea pig is easy on your backyard. So you can be sure of its environmental friendliness.
Hay can be harvested from early spring to late autumn. Plants are dried under a canopy, where direct sunlight does not fall.
In apartment conditions, an electric dryer will help out, with the help of which you can prepare several kilograms of hay for a pig in less than 3 hours. If this is not possible, the grass is spread in a thin layer on clean paper and left to dry in a dry, ventilated place.
Freshly dried hay retains its nutritional value for up to 5 months. Dry grass smells good, does not crumble into powder in hands, most plants retain their green color when dried.
Each rodent has its own preferences, which each owner should be aware of. When offering your pet different greens, you need to watch his reaction. Certain herbs can cause allergies. Therefore, the first time new grass is offered to the pig separately.
Guinea pigs eat herbs with great pleasure. For them, it is tasty and healthy food that raises immunity and endurance, heals the body, and therefore prolongs the life of the pet.