Features of content in a city apartment
- dogs, especially puppies, need sunlight. do not close the windows tightly;
- a dense mattress is suitable for the bed, it must be positioned so that the dog can observe everything that is happening around;
- slippery floor coverings (laminate, linoleum, tiles) have a bad effect on the dog’s posture and can cause injuries during active games;
- should not be in the pet’s reach. electrical wiring, expensive items, hazardous substances and items that can cause injury.
The main thing to remember when starting a representative of this breed is that shepherd dogs are active and very active dogs. They need to be loaded with work, walk a lot and actively. When leaving your dog alone, be sure to give him a large bone or a sturdy chew toy. A bored dog, left alone for a long time, can find something to do on its own. Not sure if you’re going to enjoy constant barking, digging under a fence, gnawed table legs and torn shoes.
I want to get a German shepherd, but they say that this is a dangerous dog. Is it so?
Sheepdog is an ideal watchdog, security guard and bodyguard. The owner for her is everything. The dog is a danger to any stranger who behaves inappropriately. Taking such an animal is a great responsibility. If the dog thinks that its owner is in danger, it will immediately attack the stranger.
The child asks to give him a German shepherd for his 14th birthday. He wants to deal with her himself, will he cope?
How to choose a German Shepherd puppy?
Difficult to advise. The main thing that you need to pay attention to: find out the reputation of the kennel, ask for the documents of the parents, find out their titles, inquire about the number of puppies in mating (the less, the stronger they are), examine the physique of the puppies and their parents.
How difficult is it to care for a German Shepherd?
If you are not afraid of daily active walks in the fresh air with active physical training, classes on the dog’s playground. If you are not afraid of large volumes of shedding wool and are ready to feed your dog with the best food or fresh meat, then it is easy to take care of.
Does the wool climb strongly in BUT during shedding??
Sheepdogs shed very much, especially in spring. You will have to constantly comb out the wool. This should be done on a regular basis during and outside the moulting season.
At what age can you start training German puppies??
Cynologists recommend starting training for the teams of the basic course from the age of three months. Earlier training may not give the desired result.
We took BUT from the shelter. She is 2.5 years old. The dog is very active, always alert, is this normal?
If you have a purebred shepherd dog, then it should be like that. This is an indicator of her health. Another thing is that you need to arrange with her an active exercise for many hours on the street, teach obedience and work commands, take her to the site. The dog needs physical activity and work.
I am confused by the red color of my dog’s coat. Maybe I was not sold a purebred dog?
No, this should not bother you if the back of the animal is black. There are dogs of sable-red, fawn and black-backed color.
We took a dog BUT to guard a country house. He is already 5 months old, but he does not bark at anyone.?
What do you want from a child? Of course, at 5 months old a German shepherd puppy is already big enough, but it’s a baby. Wait for him to grow up and mature. Get used to family members. Learn to distinguish between friends and foes. They begin to train for the protection of shepherd dogs only at 1 year, when the psyche of the dog is fully formed. If you need a piddler, you should have taken a mongrel. And the security guard must be trained by a specialist.
Is it possible to keep a German in an apartment?
If you want, you can. Provided that you can arrange for the dog sufficient physical activity and regular active walks. And they themselves are ready to constantly vacuum the sofas, carpets and armchairs. the dog will have a lot of hair.
At what age does BUT have ears??
This usually happens every six months. If the ears have not risen before this age, then most likely the problem is in not very good genes.
Is the breed exclusively suitable for outdoor use? ?
- the territory of the yard should be surrounded by a high blank fence;
- the aviary should be with a roof;
- the dog must have an insulated booth on a wooden deck.
Is it possible to bring BUT into a house in which other pets live?
You can get it. But, know that it will take some work to socialize the dog. She may start to protect your children and you from other pets.
How much do you need to walk BUT?
It depends on how old the dog is. Adults. ideally 1-2 hours. Up to a year. 2-3 times for 45-50 minutes. Toddlers (up to 6 months). 15 minutes each, unlimited number of times a day.
Do shepherd dogs need clothes for the winter??
No, there is no need for clothing. But toys are needed. Lot. Different. Made from durable latex or molded rubber.
Are there aggressive German Shepherds??
Aggression is a marriage of the breed. Dogs are not aggressive, they are distrustful and suspicious of strangers. This is normal!
Can a shepherd dog overwhelm a wolf?
Yes, there are such materials in the media. But most likely this is fiction. Sheepdog is not a hunter. One dog cannot cope with a wolf. When they talk about such cases, most likely we are talking about Caucasian shepherd dogs. they are much larger and stronger BUT.
What are the pros and cons of the breed??
- high intelligence and learning ability;
- unpretentiousness in food and conditions of detention;
- sociability and openness;
- activity and energy;
- ideal security characteristics.
- shed heavily, have a characteristic odor;
- noisy: eating noisily, breathing and lying down;
- not suitable for beginners, experience in education is needed;
- you need a space for keeping a dog and daily active hours of walking;
- can show excessive aggression towards strangers, protecting the house and the owner.
What nicknames are suitable for the Germans?
The first thing that comes to everyone’s mind is Rex. But the choice is wider. A large list of nicknames can be found here.
Germans are ideal training dogs. But, in clumsy hands, dogs can be spoiled. Dogs are smart and cunning, if the owner could not put himself in the place of the leader, and this is the first thing to do, the shepherd will try to deceive the trainer. A competent, continuous and step-by-step approach is required.
Dogs have good memory, stamina and quick wits. They quickly memorize commands and willingly execute them. Shepherd dogs perceive training and command execution as their work. Therefore, they are very responsible for this occupation. Shepherd work is everything!
Dogs need to be trained in the form of a game. For obedience. actively encourage, for disobedience. to restrain negative emotions. Forceful methods, shouting, sudden movements and corporal punishment are unacceptable! All commands are pronounced clearly. The intonation of the voice for encouragement and punishment should be radically different. the dog must understand whether they are scolding or praising it.
A puppy is brought up for the entire period of growing up (up to 10-12 months). Ideally, one person should train the Germans, it is best for a professional to do it. If the owner wants to educate and train his pet himself, special trainer courses will help him.
German Shepherd breed description
The German Shepherd is a well-built dog, powerful, muscular with strong bones and a slightly stretched body. Shepherd breed is working, dogs cannot live even a day without work; physically active and hardy; with a stable psyche and excellent mental characteristics.
The history of the origin of the German Shepherd breed
As the name suggests, the German Shepherd Dog was bred in Germany at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The breed was subjected to strict selection and was initially bred as a shepherd. Breeders wanted to breed a versatile service breed.
In Great Britain, German Shepherds are sometimes called Alsatian, due to the fact that after the First World War, breed lovers wanted to protect the dog from anti-German sentiments. Breed standard approved in 1899.
Genetic pathologies of German Shepherds
- Dysplasia of the hip joint. Breeders are constantly working to reduce the percentage of this genetic defect.
- Degenerative myelopathy. Slowly progressive pathology of the development of the spinal cord. Leads to paralysis of the hind limbs.
- Heart diseases. Noises, pathologies of valve development.
- Vision problems.
- Autoimmune diseases.
- Volvulus of the stomach.
The temperament of the dog is also inherited. Aggressive, overly insecure and unbalanced dog can be dangerous to others. Ask breeders for parental temperament test results.
The nature of the breed
An exemplary representative of the German Shepherd breed is a fearless and self-confident dog. A wary attitude towards strangers and attentive to those whom the dogs consider “theirs” in their blood. With proper socialization and professional training, dogs can become ideal protectors and guardians.
Dogs need constant work. They learn quickly and can complete a variety of master tasks. Guard, carry things, help around the house, perform stunts and bodyguard functions. It is necessary to constantly set various tasks for the pet. this contributes to their good physical and mental condition.
Shepherd dogs have a cheerful and playful temperament. They are happy to play with children, they can accompany the owner during long trips and walks. For sportsmen, dogs will keep company during jogging, cycling and active games in the fresh air.
Other pets are tolerated by big and strong dogs. This also applies to cats. If a German shepherd puppy grows up next to a cat, he quickly realizes that she is the main one in the house and gives her the palm. They may even become best friends.
Sheepdogs are unusually intelligent. This quality is successfully applied during the training of service dogs. The Germans are used for guard and military service. Dogs work at customs, drug control, are used for therapeutic purposes. The first guide dogs are also a German shepherd.
Devotion is another characteristic that needs to be mentioned. Dogs show boundless affection and loyalty to their family. They are affectionate and sensitive to each member of the family, consider them to be their flock, which must be protected and protected from intruders. They are ready to give their lives for the owner. The main nightmare of a German is to become unnecessary to his “pack” (family). Do not hesitate to rush to meet the danger. Need human attention and miss separation.
High in liver, yeast, and dairy products. With a lack of this group of vitamins, the shepherd’s metabolism is disturbed, problems with the coat appear.
Nicotinic acid (vitamin PP)
“Nicotine” is found in pork, cheese, beef liver, eggs, kidneys, milk, fish and many vegetables and herbs. Normalizes the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats, saves from pellagra (a disease that affects the skin and organs of the gastrointestinal tract). Niacin is important for puppies, pregnant and lactating bitches.
Vitamins for the German Shepherd in 1-2 years
When the pet reaches the age of 1-2 years, the diet and vitamins do not change much. The volume of food portions and the number of tablets increase (each vitamin is accompanied by an instruction, which describes in detail the required number of tablets for pets, depending on the age of the dog).
At 1-2 years old, the German Shepherd still needs vitamin supplements.
At this stage, the main thing is to understand that it is impossible to increase the frequency of feeding and taking vitamins, otherwise volvulus may occur.
Phylloquinone (vitamin K)
Contained in herbs: lettuce, nettle and cabbage. Responsible for blood clotting.
The choice of vitamins depending on the age of the dog
When buying a pet, it is necessary to clarify the age of the dog, as this will determine which vitamins you should choose.
German Shepherds, both adults and puppies, need vitamins.
Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
Ascorbic acid is found in cabbage, liver, tomatoes, kidneys, potatoes. Thanks to this acid, the metabolism in the connective tissues is normalized in the dog, good absorption of calcium and the body’s protection from the leaching of calcium from the bones.
Vitamins for puppies
So, if your dog’s age is from 2 to 5 months, then the following vitamins will be useful for your pet:
- Calcium gluconate. This vitamin is sold in pill form and is given to a puppy at the age of one month;
- Phosphorus. This vitamin is responsible for the strength of the bones and is good for the puppy’s joints, which is extremely important in the early stages of development, since the skeleton of the dog is not yet formed and is not strong;
- Glucosamine Responsible for the correct formation of cartilage and ligaments;
- Honda sulfate;
- Calcium glycerophosphate. Is a mineral supplement for puppies under 1 year old.
Like many medicines, the use of these vitamins can lead to upset of the gastrointestinal tract, therefore, tablets should be given to the puppy with sour milk products.
For puppies, you can find sources of vitamins in various foods, such as: meat products (B1, B2, B6 and B12), dairy (A and B2), cereals (B1, B2, B6, PP and E), vegetable fats (vitamin E ), animal fats (A and D). The correct diet of the German Shepherd is balanced with all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
In combination, natural products containing vitamins with tablets will help the puppy develop and receive all the components necessary for his body.
Tocopherol (vitamin E)
It can be found in olive and vegetable oils. Normalizes the metabolism of carbohydrates, the breakdown of fats and hormones. Lack of tocopherol can lead to problems with muscles, heart, bearing offspring and, as a result, stillbirth and even infertility.
Tocopherol (vitamin E) is found in olive and sunflower oils, they are added to the food of a German shepherd, 1-2 tablespoons.
Features of caring for a German shepherd puppy
The maintenance and care of puppies of any breed certainly has its own characteristics, and since I have been the owner of a large German shepherd kennel for almost thirty years, I will write about the peculiarities of caring for a German shepherd puppy. You can read all the general information about caring for a month-old puppy in the article How to take care of a month-old puppy.
If you have become or want to become the owner of a German shepherd puppy, then you need to know the peculiarities of raising puppies of this breed, possible problems and what to pay special attention to.
A real German shepherd. the dog is very temperamental, and the puppy needs to be provided with the opportunity to run out, if he does not have such an opportunity, then almost 100% of such a puppy will not grow up a full-fledged dog, so walk and walk again. How long does it take to walk with a German Shepherd puppy? Of course, for a shepherd puppy, in terms of walking, life on the street in an open-air cage is optimal, where the puppy runs as much as he wants, if the puppy lives in an apartment or house, then the more you need to walk, the better, this in no way means, that the puppy needs to be given some kind of special load, for example, to run after a bike or something else. Additional loads for a shepherd puppy, on the contrary, are contraindicated. Ideally, you need to walk with the puppy until he runs over and settles down, and this is the best indicator that the puppy has walked up. Depending on age, this is usually from 20-30 minutes at 2 months, up to 2 hours at 6 months, and if your puppy walks with other dogs, he will walk up much faster. Communicating with your own kind is an integral part of raising any mentally healthy dog. For the German Shepherd, this is doubly important, so look for your pet friends or girlfriends.
During walks, it is necessary and useful to play with the puppy, especially when it comes to playing with a grappling object: a stick, a roller, a ball. German Shepherds, born apporters, and the desire to bring abandoned objects in their blood. You just need to devote a little time to this and you have to solve one of the problems with walking your puppy, because running after an abandoned object, the puppy runs up much faster. Such games are indispensable for future training; in almost all special training services, the skill of loading is required.
Modern shepherd dogs have very long hind limbs and, due to the fact that the muscles of the puppy often do not keep pace with the growth of bones, this needs to be paid great attention. A shepherd puppy, if he does not feed with dry food, must be fed with a lot of calcium and phosphorus, and if you notice problems with the ligaments of the hind limbs in the puppy, then you need to pay special attention to feeding, I recommend such manufacturers as “Kanina”, “Kanvit”, “8 in 1”. If it seems to you that your puppy has problems with the ligaments of the hind limbs, then it is better to seek advice from a person who deals with this breed, a breeder or an experienced dog breeder who keeps German shepherds. I do not advise you to go to a veterinarian, as he will most likely say that your puppy has dysplasia or rickets.
Checking for dysplasia is done in a German shepherd dog at the age of one year, and it is at least incorrect to talk about its presence without an X-ray, and as for rickets, after 27 years of dog training, rickets “live” as it is described in the book I personally have never seen, even in puppies, which, as they say, grew on a loaf and water, rickets was not observed.
Due to the peculiarities of the ligaments in a shepherd puppy, if he lives in your room, then the floor should not be slippery, this is fraught with unpleasant consequences, so it is better to cover it with something, at least where the puppy spends most of the time.
Another problematic feature of the German Shepherd. this is the rising of the ears, this process must be constantly observed. As a rule, the process of raising the ears of a shepherd puppy such-the ears begin to rise at the age of 1.5-2 months and practically get up or get up completely by three months, then the puppy’s teeth begin to change and all the microelements in the body go to replace the teeth, so during this period, special attention should be paid to feeding and feeding the puppy. In the event that you do not feed the puppy with high-quality dry food, his diet should contain foods containing a large amount of calcium and phosphorus, this is primarily cottage cheese and fish, and of course, in this case, vitamin and mineral supplements are required. If shepherd puppies have problems with raising their ears, then they are even glued with the help of special inserts that are shaped like an ear and are fixed inside the auricle with glue. If it seems to you that your puppy has problems with standing up ears, then it is better to seek advice from the breeder of this breed, for example, to the person from whom you took the puppy.
From all of the above features, the feeding features of a German shepherd puppy follow. In case you decide to feed your pet with good dry food, then, oddly enough, I do not recommend buying puppy food. In my opinion, puppy food contains too many proteins, fats and trace elements, because of this, puppies grow up raw and fat, and problems with ligaments and ears only worsen. Recommend food for adult dogs, plus vitamins as needed.
If you decide to feed your puppy with regular foods, then it is quite problematic to formulate the correct diet, I will write a separate article on this topic. It should be borne in mind that the dog is, first of all, a predator, it is better to leave porridge and borscht for himself, at least for the period of intensive growth of the puppy, that is, up to 7-8 months. Protein foods should prevail in the diet: raw meat (you can use offal, chicken), raw sea fish, dairy products. From cereals, puppies are well absorbed and do not cause diarrhea: millet, oatmeal, rice, buckwheat. Rice can be given to puppies without any problems, but you need to take into account its low calorie content, I recommend giving rice to puppies who have digestive problems or a tendency to allergies. Buckwheat, oddly enough, dogs generally do not like and, if there is a choice, they prefer another porridge. Wheat and barley groats for puppies are practically useless, as they can cause frustration and are very poorly absorbed than using these cereals, it is better then to cook vermicelli for the puppy.
No need to overfeed the puppy, fat shepherd dog, it is not natural and looks cartoonish. You need to feed the puppy 3 times a day up to 4 months, then switch to two meals a day and at the age of over a year it is better to feed the dog once a day in the evening.
I hope this article was useful to you, if I did not cover something in it, then you can ask me a question, all contacts are on the page and services
The most suitable place for a dog like a German Shepherd to live is undoubtedly the street, where the little one can frolic in the fresh air. A private home is best suited for this purpose. For comfort, it is worth building a sturdy enclosure with a wooden floor, a roof and a comfortable booth. All this will reliably protect the German from climatic conditions. If you live in an apartment, then, of course, you can take great care of your pet and there, having arranged a wonderful place.
It should not be located in a passageway where a draft is possible, near doors and heaters. In the bathroom or in the kitchen, the dog should not sleep either. Having chosen a decent corner, you need to lay there a special rug or mattress, on which, ideally, it is best to put on a pillowcase. This is very convenient for keeping the sleeping place clean. Prepare some pillowcases to change and wash them in time.
Prepare for the fact that at first your beloved baby will do his dirty business at home, because he still cannot stand it. Gradually, it is necessary to teach people to relieve themselves while walking, immediately after feeding or sleeping. Always reward your dog with a tasty morsel of his favorite treat as soon as he gets wet. Thanks to your efforts, by six months, the shepherd dog will learn to relieve himself only in the yard.
The first days the puppy can whine loudly, missing his mother and former home. Therefore, do not leave it in a dark, enclosed space or tie it. Try to calm him down with gentle words, give him a toy. But it will be unnecessary to constantly stroke or squeeze the baby: so there is a risk of instilling unnecessary qualities.
Sheepdog just needs stable long walks. You can start walking your pet only after all vaccinations have been done. As mentioned above, the best option for a dog is to live on the street, where there is a constant opportunity to run around in the open space. If there is no such option, and you live in an apartment, then you need to take your pet for a walk every day, gradually increasing the walking time. It is best to take walks during the day to take advantage of the sun’s natural ultraviolet rays.
The first walks should be short; five minutes should be sufficient. At the age of two months, hiking increases to half an hour, while at 6-10 months, it is necessary to devote two to three hours to walking. From two months you can teach your dog to a leash. While the baby is small, physical activity is contraindicated for him, as he runs over himself, it will immediately become clear that it is time to go home. As your pet gets older, it will be very good for psychological development if it will communicate with other purebred dogs in specially designated areas. But stray dogs should not be allowed. there is a high risk of disease.
Now let’s look at the hygiene of the German Shepherd.
The basics of proper care
Taking care of your dog should be started on your first day together. You should immediately prohibit doing what, in your opinion, is not desirable to do. For example, go to bed or sofa. It is necessary to isolate from the animal all things that he can chew. Remove wires, close doors to those rooms where your little one should not poke his curious nose. Caring for a pet includes not only continuous attention, but also the observance of certain conditions for its normal existence in each year of its life.
Caring for and your pet includes the following basic points:
German Shepherd Puppy Care and Feeding Monthly
Do you know how to care for a German Shepherd puppy? How to feed him in what month of life, so that the baby develops correctly, looks good and grows up as an excellent dog? You must understand that your pet is not a toy, and prepare for all the diverse difficulties that you will have to face.
Regular care, strict upbringing and the necessary diet are the basis for the development of the future pet, and, naturally, have their own characteristics. German Shepherd puppies grow to an adult very slowly, as this breed belongs to large dogs. All this time, somewhere around three years old, you should be extremely attentive and extremely sensitive to your temperamental baby.
But do not be afraid of future responsibilities, your endless love for the pet, his reciprocal devotion will help in this difficult matter. Let’s take a closer look at how feeding and caring for a German shepherd puppy takes place.
The basics of proper nutrition
With regular and normal feeding, you can raise a healthy dog. A diet that contains all the essential vitamins and minerals helps keep your pet in good physical shape and longevity. The metabolism of a puppy is significantly accelerated than that of an adult dog, but the ventricle is small. Therefore, it is worth feeding the baby often, but in small portions.
German Shepherd puppies eat from utensils attached to a special dog rack. The bowls are at chest level, the dog lowers only the muzzle during the meal. As the pet grows, it is necessary to raise the height of the stand. This is necessary so that the spine, the joints of the front legs and the neck do not bend during feeding.
While the pet is eating, try to fix its stance: put your hind legs so that the hocks form an angle of 90 degrees, and the front legs should be parallel to each other. It is advisable to have nickel-plated bowls, one of which, with water, is always worth it and you should change the drink in it about three times a day. Keep the temperature of the food only lukewarm. When the baby is finished eating, wipe his face with a clean cloth.
- canned food, dry food.
The first year in a puppy’s life, proper nutrition plays a huge role, monitor the balance of the diet. Properly observe the weight gain procedure. Of course, cooking your puppy food yourself is much better than buying ready-made food, but whatever system you choose for feeding, remember that each dog is individual, with its own preferences. A transition from feed to fresh products and vice versa is possible, but you should not mix them. Monitor your pet before making your final meal.
There are several rules when drawing up the correct diet:
- follow the diet;
- meat alone is not good nutrition;
- an overdose of vitamins A, D, calcium leads to volvulus;
- the daily rate of proteins should be 30% of the main food for the development of muscles and skeleton;
- you can not overfeed the puppy.
The first week of living in your house, the puppy must be fed with the complementary foods that he ate from the former owner, otherwise the stomach may upset. One serving is needed so that the baby eats everything and licks the bowl. If he continues to stand near the dishes, then there was not enough food. It is not necessary to immediately give an increase, the pet can get used to begging for snacks, it is better to wait until next time. Depending on the time you get up, you need to feed the first meal, but no later than 7 a.m. The last complementary food should be given at 10 pm.
From birth to six months, the development of the puppy is more intensive, respectively, the high calorie content of daily food also increases. At two months old, it is advisable to give the baby a small amount of cartilage or raw bones, because a purebred German is still a predator. In order not to kill the appetite, bones should be given after the main feeding. This dish contains a lot of minerals. If your pet does not eat bones well, then they are of poor quality or the baby has toothache. After six months over the next 10 months, development levels off, the need for complementary foods increases. At 16 months, the shepherd dog becomes an adult, the amount of food put on the day is slightly reduced, and the regime remains so until the end.
The puppy’s food should be frequent, with the following frequency:
- up to 2 months. 6 times a day;
- from 2 to 4 months. 5 times;
- from 4 to 6 months. 4 times;
- from 6 to 10 months. 3 times;
- after 10 months. 2 times.
The eyes are clear, without discharge, with a clear look. It is necessary to worry when your dog has inflammation or redness, unnatural lacrimation; if he blinks frequently. With these symptoms, you should immediately contact your veterinarian or use special eye drops. You can also soak a cotton swab in chamomile infusion and rinse your eyes with it.
The ears are cleaned once a month. This can be done both with a tampon and with special-purpose means. Be careful watching your baby’s ears. They contain a small amount of odorless sulfur. If redness is visible, wet discharge, a bad smell is felt; the pet scratches its ear, shakes its head. it means that there is inflammation. Do not hesitate and see a doctor.
The coat should be brushed once a week with a special comb. We advise you to wash your dog three times a year, except in winter, using specialized dog hygiene products. After each walk, wash your pet with plain water, if there is no special pollution, wash only its paws. After bathing, dry the animal’s fur well. Protect your dog from drafts after a bath.
Healthy claws do not exfoliate, do not crumble, of a dark shade. If the baby himself did not grind off, then they must be cut with special guillotine scissors.
Now let’s take a closer look at how to feed a German thoroughbred shepherd puppy.
By choosing natural products, you are choosing the right approach to your diet. Let’s take a closer look at what is the best way to feed your baby.
As mentioned above, one third of the feed should be protein foods. This meat, mostly raw, eggs, dairy products. Feeding a puppy with cereals alone, it is impossible to raise a good dog. In addition to protein, the diet also includes carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, fiber and minerals.
Meat must be given in raw form daily, finely chopped in advance. Giving minced meat is a bad option, if the baby eats it, then the stomach will not digest. Thanks to such meat, the pet grows healthy and strong, it is the best material for building muscles and bones. It is necessary to start feeding with meat from 50 grams to a month, 100 grams are already given per month, 200 grams in two, 300 grams in three, etc. The daily allowance is best divided by three to four times. From meat it is recommended to give the following options: veal, beef, horse meat. Fat is best cut off, it may cause indigestion. Pork is not allowed!
Offal begins to feed the puppy at four months, three times a week. Although the baby eats them well, they will not replace meat. The liver is given only in boiled form, in order to avoid the entry of worms into the dog’s body. In addition to being easily absorbed and rich in vitamins A, B2, B12, niacin, iron, zinc, copper, the liver also has high dietary properties. The udder, lungs, heart, kidneys, scar, spleen begin to give from six months. May contain useful elements such as vitamins A, B, calcium, minerals.
Poultry by-products such as skin and viscera are highly energetic. Tubular pork and bird bones should not be given to shepherd dogs at all. the dog may choke. In addition, sharp fragments of such bones can injure the esophagus.
Eggs are a nutritious product, it is enough to give them once a week in the amount of two pieces. Only raw yolks are eaten, which can be mixed with porridge. Raw proteins are not digested. They can also be served as an omelet.
Milk products. Let’s give the first place to cottage cheese with a large m of calcium. 350 grams daily will be sufficient. Chilled cottage cheese is mixed with whey and served in a mushy form. Then there are yogurt and kefir, which have a good effect on digestion. It is best to give your puppy unboiled goat or cow’s milk daily.
Fish is rich in substances such as vitamins, trace elements and minerals. Serve only boiled, boneless, twice a week. But you need to be extremely careful when giving fish to a puppy, since freshwater species can be infected with tapeworms. We advise you to give fish after a year. Squids are very useful, contributing to the improvement of the properties of wool, containing vitamins B6, PP, B12, B2.
Dairy, animal, vegetable fats are an integral part of a pet’s diet. They are based on vitamins and fatty acids, thanks to which the baby grows healthy and immunity increases. If you cook lean food, be sure to add butter or fat to it. Daily Value: 2 grams per kilogram of body weight. Up to three months, 10. 15 grams will be enough, from 3 to a year months it is necessary to give already 20. 30 grams.
Carbohydrates can in some cases replace fats, giving the puppy energy for growth and proper bowel function. They are found in sugar, vegetable fiber, starch. Enough 10-15 grams of carbohydrates per 1 kilogram of body weight.
loaf and cereals are not the main food, so they are used in small quantities. From cereals, give preference to rice, millet, buckwheat, boiling them in the form of porridge with the addition of vegetables. “Hercules” is given after six months. 250. 300 grams is enough to give daily. the loaf is given gray or rye in small portions in the form of crackers soaked in low-fat broth.
It is better not to give legumes to the shepherd, she eats them badly.
Vegetables can be given grated, making salads with a small addition of vegetable oil. For a vitamin feed, boiled pumpkin with porridge is well suited. Steamed vegetables are well digested by the stomach. It is advisable to periodically give the baby tomatoes, which he eats with pleasure, especially in winter, they do an excellent job of cleaning teeth from plaque. To prevent worms, add a clove of garlic to your pet’s food. But potatoes are best eaten raw.
Herbs are an excellent vitamin supplement. Of all the herbs, it is better to refuse sorrel. it causes acute gastritis.
Fruits and berries are perfect for a diet that must be taught early in life. But give up grapes and citruses.
Mineral feeding should be in the diet every day to keep your baby looking good. Pharmacy sulfur can be given a pinch along with meat to improve the quality of wool; the color is well influenced by seaweed, due to its high iodine content. Eggshells contain calcium, must be served in powder form from 1.5 months with 0.5 teaspoon per day, increasing the dose to one teaspoon three times a day by four months. Meat and bone meal should be added to the puppy’s soup 2 times a week. When the shepherd grows up, this flour is placed in a separate bowl next to water so that she can eat it whenever she wants.
It is not advisable to give sweets, because of them the baby does not eat well. If you want to pamper your puppy, give him cheese or raw potatoes.
Eat a healthy diet. Be careful when caring for your pet. When feeding a new complementary food, observe the state of the digestive system and possible allergic reactions. Snacks between main meals are not desirable. The puppy should eat in a quiet, calm environment so that nothing distracts him from eating. This is necessary for excellent feed assimilation.
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What to feed your German Shepherd: industrial feed or natural food
The German Shepherd is a popular dog breed that is widespread throughout the world. Sheepdog can become not only a reliable guard at home, but also a loyal friend for each family member. The animal lends itself well to training, easily adapts to any living conditions. Representatives are large enough. Therefore, the most popular question that arises among those who are just going to have them as a pet or have already bought a puppy is how to feed a German shepherd? Organization of proper nutrition is just as important as education.
Sheepdog is not a miniature dog that can gorge itself on a small portion of food. When buying a puppy, it is important to learn the basics of proper and balanced nutrition of the breed and take this issue with full responsibility. To decide what to feed an adult shepherd or puppy at home, you must take into account the individual characteristics of the pet.
Feeding German Shepherd puppies: ration from month to year
German Shepherd puppies become available for purchase when they are 45 days old. By this time, the registration has already been passed, and the following food products are included in the diet:
- meat of two types;
- porridge (oatmeal, rice);
- kefir, cottage cheese.
Feeding the puppies
The size of the stomach of a month-old baby is still insignificant, and metabolic processes proceed quickly. That is why feeding takes place every 2.5-3 hours in small portions. Until the second month, the puppies are actively growing. This fact means that the degree of nutritional value of the feed and its digestibility must be at a high level.
A hardened puppy that has reached the age of three months is already ready to digest fiber of plant origin. The diet can include boiled carrots with the addition of a small amount of unrefined sunflower oil.
Vegetables and fruits can be used as mineral supplements, especially during the summer. German Shepherd puppies will love fresh watermelons and apples as a snack between meals. In winter, when there is an acute lack of sunlight, maturing dogs need an additional source of vitamin D.
When the puppy is 4 months old, his teeth will start to change. At this stage of development, he especially needs calcium. If by this age the dog’s ears have not yet risen, since the change of teeth made the ear cartilage weak, it is necessary to add food products with increased m of collagen to the diet. It can be food gelatin, special additives.
The diet of the puppy remains the same. Boiled meat can be replaced with scraps from a cow’s head. They contain a lot of gelatin, which is necessary for the proper growth and development of bones. It is recommended to add milk nutrition and half a standard bag of gelatin, previously dissolved in water, to ready-made cereals.
In order for the dog’s milk teeth to change faster, the puppy is allowed to chew on large bones. To provide the necessary amount of calcium, the German Shepherd must be given vitamins.
In the first 24 months of life in puppies, pigment accumulates in the body, the amount of which directly depends on the diet. Foods eaten by a dog determine the degree of color.
The accumulation of pigment in the wool is enhanced by grated carrots and dry seaweed. Natural ingredients from beets, turmeric and other natural dyes are used in special food created for German Shepherds.
After 5 months, when the period of changing milk teeth is over, the puppies are no longer given bones. The jaws of a dog at this age are already strong enough to break cartilage with ease. Hard pieces can damage the esophagus and stomach walls, get stuck in the intestines, which in the future will lead to pathological conditions requiring surgical intervention.
No matter how carefully the menu for a German shepherd puppy is selected, it will be quite difficult to maintain the optimal balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. An imbalance can cause your dog to be underweight or overweight.
In special dry food, the norms for the ratio of the main components of food, as well as the mass fraction of vital microelements, are strictly observed. The recommended dry food rate is calculated based on the weight of the shepherd dog and its ratio to 1 kg of body weight.
Dry food for a German shepherd puppy
Food manufacturers divide their products into separate categories, which are intended for dogs of different ages, degrees of mobility, the presence of chronic diseases and other criteria.
When choosing dry food, it is important to be guided by the following rules:
- food should be selected based on the age of the dog;
- the main ingredient in the feed should be meat;
- the composition should not contain artificial preservatives;
- feed must be sold in its original packaging.
When deciding on the choice of dry food, it is necessary to study in detail each of the proposed options in order to choose the optimal.
The basics of proper nutrition
A correct diet should provide the animal with energy and health, well-being and an attractive appearance.
It is not uncommon for newborns to be weaned from their mother immediately after birth (for example, if the bitch has died). It often happens that newborn babies are too weak to feed on their mother’s milk on their own. In such situations, it is important to follow the recommendations:
- The puppies are fed with regular baby bottles for the first 14 days. For food, cow, sheep or goat milk is used. The recommended volume is 150 ml per day, the milk temperature should be within 26-31 degrees.
- After 14 days from the moment of birth, the portion increases to 400 ml, the number of feedings is gradually reduced and brought to 5-6 times a day.
- As soon as the puppies are 1.5 months old, it is allowed to introduce meat products, boiled cereals, vegetable puree, cottage cheese and soups into their diet.
Newborn german shepherd puppies
The main difference between the nutrition of the German Shepherd and the nutrition of other breeds is the strict adherence to the amount of calcium supplied with food. Its excess in the body of a shepherd can cause various pathologies. It is not recommended to give newborn puppies complex vitamins that contain this element.
This indicator should not be more than 60% of the weight of an adult dog. If the weight of the puppy exceeds the permissible value, it is necessary to reduce the calorie intake.
The principle of feeding an adult dog
Proper nutrition of the German Shepherd will be the key to its good health. Representatives of the breed must be fed only with approved products or competently selected industrial dry food.
Adult german shepherd
German Shepherds are distinguished by a small gastrointestinal tract, high intestinal permeability and enzymatic activity, which must be taken into account when drawing up a diet.
The question often arises before dog owners: feed the pet with natural food or food. There is no definite answer to this question. Both types of food have their pros and cons.
Dry food has a number of advantages: balance, time saving. The main thing is to correctly choose the type of food, according to the individual characteristics of the animal (weight, height, size, existing diseases).
The advantage of natural nutrition is the full value of the nutrients that it contains. But choosing a balanced menu in this case is a more laborious process that will take a lot of time.
Dry food for the German shepherd
Industrial dry food is divided into three types:
- Economy class.
- Super premium.
Cheap dry food of economy class is made from by-products with the addition of soybeans and low-grade cereals. The use of such food can cause a lack of vitamins and minerals, which in the future will lead to the development of digestive disorders and allergic reactions.
Dry dog food
Premium feed is based on meat, but without the addition of soy. They are characterized by better digestibility and higher energy value than economical feed.
The most preferred feeding option for the German Shepherd will be super premium food. For its manufacture, only high-quality meat and various types of vegetables are used. Which manufacturer will be preferable, the owner decides on his own or he can use the advice of a specialist.
Features of feeding with natural food
In the diet of a German shepherd, meat must be present. Meat products are the main source of protein. The consumption rate is 30 g per 1 kg of animal weight. Lean beef is best suited for this purpose. It is forbidden to give pork to shepherd dogs, as they do not tolerate this product. In addition to beef, boiled offal should be present on the menu. It is forbidden for the dog to give bones that are not digested and can damage the intestinal walls.
German Shepherds are allowed to give boiled fish, but not more often than 1-2 times a week. The amount of fish products consumed should be twice the amount of meat due to its lower nutritional value.
In addition, German Shepherds are allowed to eat:
- boiled eggs (once a week);
- dairy products (other than whole milk);
- boiled vegetables;
An adult dog should not be given flour products, sweets, salty and spicy foods.
Approximate Diet for a German Shepherd Dog at 2 Months of Age
- First feeding (optional): cottage cheese kefir (150-200 g); millet porridge with the addition of yolk (200 g); buckwheat porridge in milk (200 g); rice porridge with milk (200 g).
- Second feeding: buckwheat porridge with the addition of beef fat (200 g); cottage cheese with grated apple (200 g); rice porridge in milk (200 g); buckwheat porridge with yolk (200 g); cottage cheese with boiled carrots (200 g); barley porridge with minced meat (100 g 100 g).
- Third feeding: vegetable soup with meat (200 g 50 g); boiled beef with vegetables (100 g 100 g); buckwheat porridge with added fat and raw meat (150 g 50 g); millet porridge with boiled poultry (100 g 100 g); boiled rice with veal (150 g 50 g).
- Fourth feeding: barley porridge in water with boiled chicken (150 g 50 g); porridge with meat pate (100 g 100 g); vegetable soup with beef (100 g 150 g).
When planning a German Shepherd’s diet, it is important to remember to balance and monitor the amount of food consumed in order to prevent obesity or malnutrition.
Experienced cynologists know that there is no universal diet, suggesting to take into account not only its calorie content and composition, but also the character of the dog and the loads ahead of it.
An excess of fats is contraindicated for a phlegmatic person, a sanguine person needs proteins, a choleric person can easily master a large amount of carbohydrates. The pet walks a lot, which means it will easily burn extra calories. Busy with work, for example, patrolling. include carbohydrate and protein foods in the menu, removing fatty ones. Any emotional overload will also require carbohydrates. It is difficult to organize food for the German Shepherd only at first. Over time, the basic principles of the formation of the diet will become clear to you:
- Proteins. up to 70%. This is meat pulp, freed from skin, bones and fat, as well as offal, cottage cheese, milk and eggs.
- Carbohydrates. up to 40%. These are slowly digestible cereals (cereals), as well as vegetables / fruits with healthy fiber and fast carbohydrates.
- Fat. 20 to 40% (animal and vegetable).
Despite the strong opinion about the harmlessness of protein foods, it is forbidden to rely solely on proteins.
What to Know When You Get a German Shepherd Puppy!
German Shepherd Puppy Diet
In puppyhood, a skeleton is formed and muscles grow, but if the dog is overfed, he is threatened with obesity. To avoid this problem, reduce the fat content of the portion without reducing its size.
At the same time, an excess of protein (within reasonable limits) will not harm the puppies. Growing up German Shepherds are cautiously given calcium, which is recommended for most other breeds without restrictions, as its overdose is fraught with mutations.
Regardless of the type of food (dry or natural), the puppy eats according to the following scheme:
- 1-2 months. a glass of food, divided into 6 meals.
- 2-3 months. 1.5 glasses for 5 sets.
- 3-6 months. 1 liter for 4 sets.
- 6-12 months. 1.5 liters in 3 sets.
In a year, the dog is transferred to an adult meal schedule. twice a day. It is necessary to keep the puppy from overeating: accelerated weight gain can lead to diseases of the joints and spine.
What you can not feed a German shepherd
The limitations are related to the design of the canine digestive tract. If the owner does not overlook, the shepherd can eat not only useless, but also dangerous product for its health.
- Bones. prickly and tubular.
- Meat products, sausages and sausages.
- Legumes other than peanuts.
- Millet, semolina and corn grits.
- Pasta, loaf and muffin.
- Confectionery, including chocolate.
- Grapes, walnuts, acorns, raisins and pistachios.
Dog food should never contain spices, including those with canned foods.
Experienced dog breeders prefer to feed their pets with natural products (both raw and thermally processed).
There is one pitfall in the “natural”. it is believed that German shepherds are susceptible to food allergies. If your dog is allergic, remove the provocative product or switch it to a commercial food.
Allowed Foods for an Adult German Shepherd Dog:
- Beef, chicken, boiled pork (lean), goose (lean), turkey (boneless, skinless, and fat free).
- By-products, including boiled beef udders. Small volumes. liver and kidneys.
- Chicken and quail eggs. not daily (raw and in the form of an omelet).
- Low-fat saltwater fish (boiled, boneless).
- Cottage cheese and any dairy products (without dyes).
- Buckwheat and rice, less often “Hercules”. For weight gain. wheat and barley groats, for weight loss. pearl barley.
- Potatoes and corn. only raw, cabbage. stewed and boiled, other vegetables. at the pet’s choice.
Occasionally, you can pamper your Shepherd with citrus fruits (if there is no allergy). Exotic fruits are undesirable, and plums, apricots and peaches should be removed from the list of domestic ones: they can cause intestinal upset.
You can give currant or mountain ash berries (a little), a little. almonds, pumpkin seeds, cashews, pine nuts.
Natural vitamins are poorly absorbed without vegetable oil (in small doses), so it is often added to vegetables and fruits. Also, with natural feeding, bone meal, yeast, tricalcium phosphate (feed), table salt (in micro doses!).
The bowl of water should be full (especially for those dogs that eat industrial food). The replacement of one type of food for another (dry to natural and vice versa) occurs smoothly, within 7 days.
It is important to adhere to a few rules:
- The ration is issued strictly by the hour, twice a day. It promotes good digestion and soft stools.
- Food is slightly warm or at room temperature. Nothing hot and cold.
- The meal lasts 20 minutes. Excess food can cause volvulus, as German Shepherds have a small stomach.
- The food should be thick (due to the nature of canine digestion). Less fluid the better.
It’s great if you get a stand that raises the food to chest level. It’s good for the musculoskeletal system.
10 essentials items for your new puppy
The natural diet of the German Shepherd is distributed as follows:
- 1/3. meat (fresh or boiled). Fish is allowed once a week;
- 1/3. porridge (preferably from buckwheat and rice);
- 1/3 of the daily volume. vegetables and dairy products. If milk provokes diarrhea in your shepherd, do without it.
And don’t forget about vitamin and mineral complexes. In this matter, it is better to trust the veterinarian.
Adult German Shepherd Diet
The phase of active growth of a shepherd dog lasts up to a year. During this period, the puppy is heavily fed, making sure that there is enough calcium and vitamins.
Up to 3 years old, the pet physically matures: the skeleton grows stronger, muscle mass grows, the shade of the coat changes. Emphasis in feeding is shifting. less carbohydrates and fats are required, more proteins and vitamins.
A full adult canine life is concluded in the interval from 3 to 6 years. The menu is balanced and free from surprises. If the shepherd is carrying / feeding the offspring, she is entitled to vitamin supplements and a higher-calorie diet (at least a year after giving birth).
After 6 years, a dog’s pension comes, and 12-year-old specimens are considered centenarians. When thinking about what to feed an adult German Shepherd, you need to pay attention not only to basic foods, but also to preparations that regenerate cartilage and bone tissues.
An elderly dog’s daily table should include:
- drugs with chondroprotectors.
The latter will save the pet from age-related diseases associated with the musculoskeletal system.
How to feed a German shepherd
Eating a large dog (including a German shepherd dog) is not only costly, but also a very responsible process. Having found the exact answer to the question of what to feed your shepherd dog, you will lay the foundations for its long, healthy and high-quality life.