Tympanitis in the German Shepherd
Tympanitis, or scientifically gastrectasia and volvulus. it is a serious emergency in which gas quickly builds up in the stomach (gastrectasia). Sometimes, the gas-filled stomach becomes twisted (in fact, the volvulus), which can completely block the flow of blood into the stomach. As you can imagine, both gastrectasia and volvulus are a critical emergency in the German Shepherd that requires immediate veterinary attention. Large breeds of dogs with wide breasts, like the German Shepherd, are more prone to tympanitis. Symptoms of the disease:
Degenerative myelopathy (DM) is a fairly common disease in German shepherds aged 5 to 14 years. Degenerative myelopathy is an autoimmune disorder in which a dog’s own immune system attacks the central nervous system. As a result, the dog suffers from progressive damage to the nervous tissue. In the early stages, the hind legs of the Shepherd are affected. the muscles weaken and you may notice a loss of coordination of the rear lamps. As the disease progresses, symptoms such as incontinence appear. German Shepherds have difficulty maintaining balance when walking, possibly resulting in paralysis. DM treatment includes exercise, dietary supplements with WOLMAR WINSOME® PRO BIO OMEGA 2500 and other supportive measures.
service dog in the apartment
The group of service dogs includes almost all types of shepherd dogs, Groenendaelles, Newfoundlands, St. Bernards, Mountain Dogs and many other breeds of dogs. Service dogs differ from all other large species of dogs by good endurance and innate guard qualities. They are not only excellent protectors and guards, but also very kind obedient pets. Many people simply cannot imagine their life without these big four-legged friends, forgetting that caring for them and theirs is different from the usual rules. Especially if you live in an apartment. In order for a service dog to be healthy and beautiful, you need to properly organize the care, know the basic needs, as well as the influence of environmental factors. Let’s figure it out together what you need to remember when purchasing a service dog for an apartment.
It is probably no secret to anyone that service dogs need a lot of space. And not even because almost all representatives of this group are massive and large dogs. It’s just that nature is intended for them to have a great view around. Therefore, a small apartment or cramped room is not the best option for keeping a service dog. If your living space cannot boast of luxury, then good walking should be the main rule in caring for a dog. At the same time, an hour of walking around the microdistrict will not be enough. Living in an apartment, a service dog must run, jump, practice training skills, and also walk without a leash every day. And, of course, the city park is not suitable for such walks.
PUPPY MUST HAVES | What to get before you bring your puppy home! German Shepherd
The best place for walking service dogs is in forest plantations or coastal areas. The next rule is the apartment “climate”. When keeping a dog in a small room, you need to carefully monitor the cleanliness of the air, since the dog exhales about 23 liters of carbon dioxide per hour. In the warm season, the balcony or windows should always be open, but in winter you need to ventilate for about 10 minutes every hour. As you know, dogs have a higher body temperature than humans, so the temperature regime in the apartment is also an important factor in keeping the animal. In addition, service dogs have a fairly thick skin with increased function of the sebaceous glands. In the apartment, the dog must be provided with a separate place, away from drafts and heating systems. The dog must not be locked up in the kitchen or pantry. Due to their natural guarding qualities, such dogs, as a rule, choose hallways or corridors as a resting place to control the front door. In an apartment where a large dog lives, daily wet cleaning with a disinfectant should be performed. Therefore, in places where the animal is especially frequent, it is better to remove paths and carpets. Pay attention to the humidity in the room as well. It should not exceed 70%. In addition to the tongue, the paws also serve as a kind of thermoregulation mechanism in dogs, so for the winter period the dog needs to be provided with a warm bedding, but in the summer, on the contrary. a cool place with an uncovered floor.
Service dog hygiene
a service dog in an apartment must be accompanied by enhanced “personal” hygiene of the animal. But at the same time, the owners should remember that it is not recommended to wash service dogs often, but cleaning the coat and inspecting the skin should be done every day. As a rule, it is best to do this outdoors, but not in walking areas. To do this, you need to purchase a special brush for cleaning wool from hard hair, as needed, for example, for a Newfoundland or collie, a comb with rare and blunt metal teeth, as well as a small piece of cloth for wiping. During cleaning, it is important to examine the dog’s skin, especially in hard-to-reach places (the area behind the ears, paws, elbow bends). The wool should be combed, starting from the head, smoothly moving to the tail. Occasionally, in long-haired dogs, the coat can become loose and tangled. In order not to hurt the animal, it is necessary to disassemble the mats before combing it with your hands. Eyes, ears and nostrils should be wiped with a soft, slightly damp cloth. Due to the abundant work of the sebaceous glands, service dogs are washed only as needed. During the warm season, about once a month.
For this, it is better to use a special shampoo or baby soap. over, experts do not advise to apply the detergent directly to the dog’s fur, but to dilute the foam in a separate container. You need to bathe the animal in the evening after a walk. During the night, the undercoat will dry out well, and the skin will not rot. You can also use a special solution of equal parts water, alcohol and vinegar to clean wool. In the solution, you need to moisten gauze or a bandage and, wrapping it on a comb, comb the wool. If washing your dog is often not recommended, then swimming in a pond in summer, on the contrary, is only welcome. It hardens the body well and trains the muscles. In hot weather, long-haired dogs can be taken to the pond every day, it can even be a kind of walk. Another important point: if, under normal conditions, a service dog sheds twice a year, then in a warm apartment it can last constantly. Thus, the dog’s body adapts to warm living conditions. Therefore, the owners will have to comb the wool every day. You can also use a vacuum cleaner if the dog is accustomed to this kind of “procedure”. And do not forget that an apartment dog needs enhanced care, examination and preventive procedures.
When purchasing a service dog for an apartment, the owners should not forget about their neighbors and residents of the neighborhood. After all, a large dog in many people causes not only fear, but also dissatisfaction, so it is important to remember the obligatory details of walking these domestic “giants” radically different from walking Orshire terriers. Firstly, the dog should have a wide two-layer leather collar, approximately 40-60 cm long and 3-4 cm wide. The collar should have an already sewn-in one-piece half-ring for the carabiner and a strong buckle. When choosing a collar, keep in mind that the tensile strength should be 5 times the dog’s own weight. In addition, for walking, you must have a strong leather leash with a length of at least one and a half meters and, of course, a muzzle, mesh, made of leather or twigs. But do not forget that, being in a muzzle, the dog must have good access to air, as well as the ability to open its mouth (when it is hot). A dog should be walked near a residential area only on a leash and in a muzzle. Remember that a service dog is designed to protect and protect, therefore the instinct of attack or aggression is heightened. Even with the most educated and kind dog, never lose sight of these factors.
And it is also worth noting that an apartment service dog requires strict adherence to the daily routine. The dog should have consistent time for sleeping, eating, walking, playing, training and resting. Only if a clear life schedule is observed, both the dog and the owners will be able to feel comfortable even in a small apartment.
German shepherd pararectal fistula
A pararectal fistula is a chronic, progressive disease that affects the area around a dog’s anus. German Shepherds are particularly prone to this disease (diagnosed in 84% of German Shepherds). Pararectal fistulas usually affect middle-aged (5-8 years old) male German Shepherds, but also younger dogs (1 year old) and older (14 years old). The exact cause of the disease is unclear. Inflammation of the sweat and sebaceous glands in and around the anus is thought to cause infection. As a result, abscesses are formed, which open and begin to flow. German Shepherds with low tails, tightly pressed against the body, are more prone to the formation of these fistulas, because there is no air circulation under the tail, creating an excellent breeding ground for bacteria. Symptoms of this condition include constant biting or licking around the anal area, rolling on the floor. Other possible symptoms include constipation, diarrhea, or bloody diarrhea. Ulcers and bleeding are visible around the anus, as well as odorless discharge.
A dog’s health is directly dependent on a balanced diet. It is supposed to feed and water the dog in different dishes. To avoid allergies in your puppy, it is advisable to have a stainless steel or glass bowl. A small puppy needs four to five meals a day. The very first feeding is at about 7 am, and the last at 10. After reaching the age of seven months, two meals a day will be optimal. What should be the dog’s diet? German Shepherd Diet. high in protein vitamins.
The food should always be fresh, then the dog will not have problems with its assimilation. Give your pet only boiled water. You need to feed the puppies in dishes on a stand, which is necessary for the correct formation of the exterior. Upon reaching the age of two months, a small amount of soft bones or cartilage (they have a lot of minerals) is added to the puppy‘s diet, but only after taking the main course. From one and a half months to five months, raw beef bones are added. From four months they add sea fish to food, once every 5-7 days will be enough. Cottage cheese, cooked at home, is very necessary in the puppy’s diet. It contains a very large amount of easily assimilable calcium. Also, cow’s milk is mandatory in the diet, and even better, goat’s milk. Serve both raw and boiled. Eating fat is a must.
Elbow dysplasia in the German Shepherd
Osteochondritis (or dysplasia) of the elbow joint is a hereditary disease, but it can also occur due to poor nutrition, damage, trauma. It is a deformation of the elbow joints of the forelegs due to the different growth rates of the three bones that form the elbow. German Shepherds suffering from this condition usually have obvious lameness. When walking, the shepherd dog stretches its paw or even tries to completely remove the leg, removing the load from it. Signs of the disease in the German Shepherd are visible as early as 4 months of age. Elbow dysplasia in shepherd dogs is a lifelong condition, although some dogs may benefit from surgery to completely eliminate the problem.
Meat and offal
The German Shepherd is a carnivorous animal, so meat protein components should form the main part of the diet. An adult should eat at least 600-800 g of meat per day, and a puppy should eat at least 160 g if it weighs 8 kg. The calculation is simple: not less than 20 g, per 1 kg of “live” weight of the shepherd.
However, in fact, a puppy needs more meat at 2 months.
The protein requirement of the German Shepherd is directly dependent on the stage of its development and physical activity. If an adult dog, leading a sedentary lifestyle (aviary, city apartment, where free range is limited) will have enough 18-20% of meat from the daily diet, then a puppy of such a large breed as a German, growing and developing very rapidly, the percentage of meat protein should be doubled. With a complete refusal of milk after 8 weeks. at 2.5 months.
Fortunately for the owners, puppies willingly eat tripe (scar, heart, lung, liver, kidney, throat). Feeding conditions. mandatory heat treatment of chopped offal. It is not necessary to boil them, it is enough to scald the previously washed parts of the giblets with boiling water.
Be careful with the liver! It should be given no more than 1 time a week and no more than 50 g, per day. a strong laxative effect.
By-products are required a third more than meat, and the meat itself is easily replaced by flank and trimmings with a small amount of animal fat.
Dry and canned food
The exact nutritional value of natural food at home is difficult to determine with all efforts. The owner of a German shepherd puppy will be helped by canned food and ready-made dry food, specially designed for different breeds and ages of dogs. Such food is a complete nutrition for a German shepherd puppy, balanced and excluding the introduction of additional products or vitamin and mineral supplements into the puppy’s menu. Ready-made rations of premium food and semi-moisturized food-holistic fully meet the needs of BUT puppies of different ages, although they are not cheap.
Premium dry food contains all essential vitamins and minerals
Most babies willingly eat dry food, they also like ready-made canned food. Freeze-dried food is often referred to as a “lazy dryer”. Once properly selected diet saves owners from the hassle of cooking.
When feeding NO with dry and canned food, one should first of all be guided by the behavior of the puppy before and after eating and its appearance, and not by the table of the approximate amount of food given by the manufacturer. Lack of food or too much food can be detrimental to your pet’s health. Is the puppy losing weight? Add the diet! Getting fat? Cut it back! The number of daily feedings should also remain. 4.
A few words about meat and bone broth
Broths as a supportive food for dogs (from 2 months of age and later) have been criticized lately. Apparently, the inability to make a useful broth from the bones affects. You cannot refuse such a useful product for a growing shepherd dog! Boiled bones and connective tissues over low heat contain:
- calcium and potassium;
- magnesium and phosphorus;
- zinc and iron;
- manganese and selenium;
- boron and bromides;
- vitamins K-2 and A;
- Omega acids;
- glycine, proline and arginine;
- Honda and glucosamine.
Collagen, which is massively contained in raw bones, passes into broth during long cooking and saturates it with animal gelatin. Gelatin is an essential building block for bones, joints and tendons. The severity of a German Shepherd puppy increases every day, and, with a lack of building materials, the baby’s skeleton can be deformed.
The body of a 2-month-old puppy is happy to use the rest of the nutrients to build connective tissues, and arginine with Honda will protect and heal the gastrointestinal mucosa.
It is necessary to cook the healing liquid correctly: for 2 kg of meat and bone product. 4 liters of water.
Don’t let the broth boil! It should languish for at least 4-6 hours under a lid. After which it must be cooled and be sure to remove the layer of the formed fat from the surface of the broth.
The ready-made broth is used for soaking biscuits, breeding steep cereals and simply for watering the puppy if the traditional diet is not enough. Shelf life in the refrigerator. 5 days.
Attempts to replace meat protein with cottage cheese or an egg will have disastrous consequences for the puppy’s body BUT, but feeding a German shepherd and her children exclusively with meat is also a crime.
The diet of German Shepherd puppies should include meat, offal, cereals and dairy products
Cereals and carbohydrates
Without the intake of carbohydrates in the body, the correct diet for a 2-month-old German shepherd will not work, since carbohydrates are the main product for a balanced metabolism of fats and proteins. Thanks to this exchange in the body of HO, enzymes and secretions, mucus and hormones are formed:
- up to 3 months, buckwheat is prohibited in babies, so the porridge will have to be cooked from two or three cereals. And the main cereal will be rice;
- from 2.5 months old shepherds can gradually add buckwheat (crushed buckwheat grain) or buckwheat flakes to the rice section;
- By the age of 4 months, the main composition of cereals for a German shepherd will be this pair of cereals: buckwheat rice;
- semolina can only harm a puppy if he loves to eat and is prone to overeating;
- oatmeal is a traditional cereal to maintain health, but you need to feed it only in a pressed form. Hercules;
- pearl barley will be useful for a diet when the puppy has gained too much weight at 2-3 months;
- corn, pasta, a loaf of white flour are not included in the diet of puppies, both 2 months old and older;
- loaf rye crackers can be.
Fiber is a complex carbohydrate, it is also necessary for German Shepherd puppies, although it is absorbed by their body by only 15-20%. It is necessary to enhance gastrointestinal motility and normalize digestion.
While it’s too early to talk about cabbage and potatoes on the puppy’s menu, the most accessible healthy fiber is raw carrots, apples and raspberries. In addition, such fiber contains many fat-soluble vitamins that are readily available to the body.
Nutritional Principle for a 2 Month Old German Shepherd Puppy
Currently, there are several methods of how and what to feed a German shepherd puppy at 2 months of age or older:
- Organic products.
- Dry and canned food.
Meat products, cut into pieces (useful for the development of the jaws, chewing muscles and muscles of the neck) broth with 1 tsp. seaweed meal or calcium carbonate (chalk). Total. no more than 250 g.
How to properly feed a 2 month old German Shepherd puppy
According to the rules of domestic cynology, the transfer of a German shepherd puppy is advisable at the age of 80-90 days.
However, there are times when the baby falls into new hands much earlier: the milk has disappeared, the bitch herself is ill, there will be no opportunity to come for the puppy later, etc.
In any case, until the baby reaches 45-50 days of age, while the bitch can still feed him, you should not take a puppy from a shepherd-mother. there is a high risk of “disrupting” the laid work of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
Raising a puppy
Buying a puppy
Feeding the puppy
German Shepherd Puppy Care.
Features of caring for a German shepherd puppy
The maintenance and care of puppies of any breed has certainly its own characteristics, and since I have been the owner of a large German shepherd kennel for almost thirty years, I will write about the peculiarities of caring for a German shepherd puppy. You can read all the general information about caring for a month-old puppy in the article How to take care of a month-old puppy.
If you have become or want to become the owner of a German shepherd puppy, then you need to know the peculiarities of raising puppies of this breed, possible problems and what to pay special attention to.
A real German shepherd. the dog is very temperamental, and the puppy needs to be provided with the opportunity to run out, if he does not have such an opportunity, then almost 100% of such a puppy will not grow up a full-fledged dog, so walk and walk again. How long does it take to walk with a German Shepherd puppy? Of course, for a shepherd puppy, in terms of walking, life on the street in an open-air cage is optimal, where the puppy runs as much as he wants, but if the puppy lives in an apartment or house, then the more you need to walk, the better, this in no way means, that the puppy needs to be given some special load, for example, to run after a bike or something else. Additional loads for a shepherd puppy, on the contrary, are contraindicated. Ideally, you need to walk with the puppy until he runs over and settles down, this is the best indicator that the puppy has walked up. Depending on age, this is usually from 20-30 minutes at 2 months, up to 2 hours at 6 months, and if your puppy walks with other dogs, it will walk up much faster. Communicating with your own kind is an integral part of raising any mentally healthy dog. For the German Shepherd, this is doubly relevant, so look for your pet friends or girlfriends.
During walks, it is necessary and useful to play with the puppy, especially when it comes to playing with a grappling object: a stick, a roller, a ball. German Shepherds, born apporters, and the desire to bring abandoned objects in their blood. You just need to devote a little time to this and you have to solve one of the problems with walking your puppy, because running after an abandoned object, the puppy runs up much faster. Such games are indispensable for future training; in almost all special training services, the skill of loading is required.
Modern shepherd dogs have very long hind limbs and, due to the fact that the muscles of the puppy often do not keep pace with the growth of bones, this needs to be paid great attention. A shepherd puppy, if he does not feed with dry food, must be fed with a lot of calcium and phosphorus, and if you notice problems with the ligaments of the hind limbs in the puppy, then you need to pay special attention to feeding, I recommend such manufacturers as “Kanina”, “Kanvit”, “8 in 1”. If it seems to you that your puppy has problems with the ligaments of the hind limbs, then it is better to seek advice from a person who deals with this breed, a breeder or an experienced dog breeder who keeps German shepherds. I do not advise you to go to a veterinarian, as he will most likely say that your puppy has dysplasia or rickets.
Checking for dysplasia is done in a German shepherd dog at the age of one year, and it is at least incorrect to talk about its presence without an X-ray, and as for rickets, after 27 years of working with dogs, rickets “live” as it is described in the book I personally have never seen, even in puppies, which, as they say, grew on a loaf and water, rickets was not observed.
Due to the peculiarities of the ligaments in a shepherd puppy, if he lives in your room, then the floor should not be slippery, this is fraught with unpleasant consequences, so it is better to cover it with something, at least where the puppy spends most of the time.
Another problematic feature of the German Shepherd. this is the rising of the ears, this process must be constantly observed. As a rule, the process of raising the ears of a shepherd puppy such-the ears begin to rise at the age of 1.5-2 months and practically get up or get up completely by three months, then the puppy’s teeth begin to change and all microelements in the body go to replace teeth, so that during this period, special attention should be paid to feeding and feeding the puppy. In the event that you do not feed the puppy with high-quality dry food, his diet should contain foods containing a large amount of calcium and phosphorus, this is primarily cottage cheese and fish, and of course, in this case, vitamin and mineral supplements are required. If shepherd puppies have problems with raising their ears, then they are even glued with the help of special inserts that are shaped like an ear and are fixed inside the auricle with glue. If it seems to you that your puppy has problems with standing up ears, then it is better to seek advice from the breeder of this breed, for example, to the person from whom you took the puppy.
From all of the above features, the feeding features of a German shepherd puppy follow. In case you decide to feed your pet with good dry food, then, oddly enough, I do not recommend buying puppy food. In my opinion, puppy food contains too many proteins, fats and trace elements, because of this, puppies grow up raw and fat, and problems with ligaments and ears only worsen. Recommend food for adult dogs, plus vitamins as needed.
If you decide to feed your puppy with regular foods, then it is quite problematic to formulate the correct diet, I will write a separate article on this topic. It should be borne in mind that the dog is, first of all, a predator, it is better to leave porridge and borscht for yourself, at least for the period of intensive growth of the puppy, that is, up to 7-8 months. Protein foods should prevail in the diet: raw meat (you can use offal, chicken), raw sea fish, dairy products. From cereals, puppies are well absorbed and do not cause diarrhea: millet, oatmeal, rice, buckwheat. Rice can be given to puppies without any problems, but you need to take into account its low calorie content, I recommend giving rice to puppies who have digestive problems or a tendency to allergies. Buckwheat, oddly enough, dogs generally do not like and, if there is a choice, they prefer another porridge. Wheat and barley groats for puppies are practically useless, as they can cause frustration and are very poorly absorbed than using these cereals, it is better then to cook vermicelli for the puppy.
No need to overfeed the puppy, fat shepherd dog, it is not natural and looks cartoonish. You need to feed the puppy 3 times a day up to 4 months, then switch to two meals a day and at the age of over a year it is better to feed the dog once a day in the evening.
I hope this article was useful to you, if I did not cover something in it, you can ask me a question, all contacts are on the page and services
The basics of proper nutrition
With regular and normal feeding, you can raise a healthy dog. A diet that contains all the essential vitamins and minerals helps keep your pet in good physical shape and longevity. The metabolism of a puppy is significantly accelerated than that of an adult dog, but the ventricle is small. Therefore, it is worth feeding the baby often, but in small portions.
German Shepherd puppies eat from utensils attached to a special dog rack. The bowls are at chest level, the dog lowers only the muzzle during the meal. As the pet grows, it is necessary to raise the height of the stand. This is necessary so that the spine, the joints of the front legs and the neck do not bend during feeding.
While the pet is eating, try to fix its stance: put your hind legs so that the hocks form an angle of 90 degrees, and the front legs should be parallel to each other. It is advisable to have nickel-plated bowls, one of which, with water, is always worth it and you should change the drink in it about three times a day. Keep the temperature of the food only lukewarm. When the baby is finished eating, wipe his face with a clean cloth.
- canned food, dry food.
The first year in a puppy’s life, proper nutrition plays a huge role, monitor the balance of the diet. Properly observe the weight gain procedure. Of course, cooking your puppy food yourself is much better than buying ready-made food, but whatever system you choose for feeding, remember that each dog is individual, with its own preferences. A transition from feed to fresh products and vice versa is possible, but you should not mix them. Monitor your pet before making your final meal.
There are several rules when drawing up the correct diet:
- follow the diet;
- meat alone is not good nutrition;
- an overdose of vitamins A, D, calcium leads to volvulus;
- in the daily rate of proteins should be 30% of the main food for the development of muscles and skeleton;
- you can not overfeed the puppy.
The first week of living in your house, the puppy must be fed with the complementary foods that he ate from the former owner, otherwise the stomach may upset. One serving is needed so that the baby eats everything and licks the bowl. If he continues to stand near the dishes, then there was not enough food. It is not necessary to immediately give an increase, the pet can get used to begging for snacks, it is better to wait until next time. Depending on the time you get up, you need to feed the first meal, but no later than 7 a.m. The last complementary food should be given at 10 p.m.
From birth to six months, the development of the puppy is more intensive, respectively, the high calorie content of daily food also increases. At two months old, it is advisable to give the baby a small amount of cartilage or raw bones, because a purebred German is still a predator. In order not to kill the appetite, bones should be given after the main feeding. This dish contains a lot of minerals. If your pet does not eat bones well, then they are of poor quality or the baby has toothache. After six months over the next 10 months, development levels off, the need for complementary foods increases. At 16 months, the shepherd dog becomes an adult, the amount of food put on the day is slightly reduced, and the regime remains so until the end.
The puppy’s food should be frequent, with the following frequency:
- up to 2 months. 6 times a day;
- from 2 to 4 months. 5 times;
- from 4 to 6 months. 4 times;
- from 6 to 10 months. 3 times;
- after 10 months. 2 times.
The basics of proper care
Taking care of your dog should be started on your first day together. You should immediately prohibit doing what, in your opinion, is not desirable to do. For example, go to bed or sofa. It is necessary to isolate from the animal all things that he can chew. Remove wires, close doors to those rooms where your little one should not poke his curious nose. Caring for a pet includes not only continuous attention, but also the observance of certain conditions for its normal existence in each year of its life.
Caring for and your pet includes the following basic points:
The most suitable place for a dog like a German Shepherd to live is undoubtedly the street, where the little one can frolic in the fresh air. A private home is best suited for this purpose. For comfort, it is worth building a sturdy enclosure with a wooden floor, a roof and a comfortable booth. All this will reliably protect the German from climatic conditions. If you live in an apartment, then, of course, you can take great care of your pet and there, having arranged a wonderful place.
It should not be located in a passageway where a draft is possible, near doors and heaters. In the bathroom or in the kitchen, the dog should not sleep either. Having chosen a decent corner, you need to lay a special rug or mattress there, on which, ideally, it is best to put on a pillowcase. This is very convenient for keeping the sleeping place clean. Prepare some pillowcases to change and wash them in time.
Prepare for the fact that at first your beloved baby will do his dirty business at home, because while he still cannot stand it. Gradually, it is necessary to teach people to relieve themselves while walking, immediately after feeding or sleeping. Always reward your dog with a tasty morsel of his favorite treat as soon as he gets wet. Thanks to your efforts, by six months, the shepherd dog will learn to relieve himself only in the yard.
The first days the puppy can whine loudly, missing his mother and former home. Therefore, do not leave it in a dark, enclosed space or tie it. Try to calm him down with gentle words, give him a toy. But it will be unnecessary to constantly stroke or squeeze the baby: so there is a risk of instilling unnecessary qualities.
Sheepdog just needs stable long walks. You can start walking your pet only after all vaccinations have been done. As mentioned above, the best option for a dog is to live on the street, where there is a constant opportunity to run around in the open space. If there is no such option, and you live in an apartment, then you need to take your pet for a walk every day, gradually increasing the time of the hike. It is best to take walks during the day to take advantage of the sun’s natural ultraviolet rays.
The first walks should be short; five minutes should be sufficient. At the age of two months, hiking increases to half an hour, while at 6-10 months, it is necessary to devote two to three hours to walking. From two months you can teach your dog to a leash. While the baby is small, physical activity is contraindicated for him, as he runs over himself, it will immediately become clear that it is time to go home. As your pet gets older, it will be very good for psychological development if it will communicate with other purebred dogs in specially designated areas. But stray dogs should not be allowed. there is a high risk of disease.
Now let’s look at the hygiene of the German Shepherd.
The eyes are clear, without discharge, with a clear look. It is necessary to worry when your dog has inflammation or redness, unnatural lacrimation; if he blinks frequently. With these symptoms, you should immediately contact your veterinarian or use special eye drops. You can also soak a cotton swab in chamomile infusion and rinse your eyes with it.
The ears are cleaned once a month. This can be done both with a tampon and with special-purpose means. Be careful watching your baby’s ears. They contain a small amount of odorless sulfur. If redness is visible, wet discharge, a bad smell is felt; the pet scratches its ear, shakes its head. it means that there is inflammation. Do not hesitate and see a doctor.
The coat should be brushed once a week with a special comb. We advise you to wash your dog three times a year, except in winter, using specialized dog hygiene products. After each walk, wash your pet with plain water, if there is no special pollution, wash only its paws. After bathing, dry the animal’s fur well. Protect your dog from drafts after a bath.
Healthy claws do not exfoliate, do not crumble, of a dark shade. If the baby himself did not grind off, then they must be cut with special guillotine scissors.
Now let’s take a closer look at how to feed a German thoroughbred shepherd puppy.
German Shepherd Puppy Care and Feeding Monthly
Do you know how to care for a German Shepherd puppy? How to feed him in what month of life, so that the baby develops correctly, looks good and grows up as an excellent dog? You must understand that your pet is not a toy, and prepare for all the diverse difficulties that you will have to face.
Regular care, strict upbringing and the necessary diet are the basis for the development of the future pet, and, naturally, have their own characteristics. German Shepherd puppies grow to an adult very slowly, as this breed belongs to large dogs. All this time, somewhere around three years old, you should be extremely attentive and extremely sensitive to your temperamental baby.
But do not be afraid of future responsibilities, your endless love for the pet, his reciprocal devotion will help in this difficult matter. Let’s take a closer look at how feeding and caring for a German shepherd puppy takes place.
By choosing natural products, you are choosing the right approach to your diet. Let’s take a closer look at what is the best way to feed your baby.
As mentioned above, one third of the feed should be protein foods. This meat, mostly raw, eggs, dairy products. Feeding a puppy with cereals alone, it is impossible to raise a good dog. In addition to protein, the diet also includes carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, fiber and minerals.
Meat must be given in raw form daily, finely chopped in advance. Giving minced meat is a bad option, if the baby eats it, then the stomach will not digest. Thanks to such meat, the pet grows healthy and strong, it is the best material for building muscles and bones. It is necessary to start feeding with meat from 50 grams to a month, 100 grams are already given per month, 200 grams in two, 300 grams in three, etc. The daily allowance is best divided by three to four times. From meat it is recommended to give the following options: veal, beef, horse meat. Fat is best cut off, as digestive upset is possible. Pork is not allowed!
Offal begins to feed the puppy at four months, three times a week. Although the baby eats them well, they will not replace meat. The liver is given only in boiled form, in order to avoid the entry of worms into the dog’s body. In addition to being easily absorbed and rich in vitamins A, B2, B12, niacin, iron, zinc, copper, the liver also has high dietary properties. The udder, lungs, heart, kidneys, scar, spleen begin to give from six months. May contain useful elements such as vitamins A, B, calcium, minerals.
Poultry by-products such as skin and viscera are highly energetic. Tubular pork and bird bones should not be given to shepherd dogs at all. the dog may choke. In addition, sharp fragments of such bones can injure the esophagus.
Eggs are a nutritious product, it is enough to give them once a week in the amount of two pieces. Only raw yolks are eaten, which can be mixed with porridge. Raw proteins are not digested. They can also be served as an omelet.
Dairy products. Let’s give the first place to cottage cheese with a large m of calcium. 350 grams daily will be sufficient. Chilled cottage cheese is mixed with whey and served in a mushy form. Then there are yogurt and kefir, which have a good effect on digestion. It is best to give your puppy unboiled goat or cow’s milk daily.
Fish is rich in substances such as vitamins, trace elements and minerals. Serve only boiled, boneless, twice a week. But you need to be extremely careful when giving fish to a puppy, since freshwater species can be infected with tapeworms. We advise you to give the fish after a year. Squids are very useful, contributing to the improvement of the properties of wool, containing vitamins B6, PP, B12, B2.
Dairy, animal, vegetable fats are an integral part of a pet’s diet. They are based on vitamins and fatty acids, thanks to which the baby grows healthy and immunity increases. If you cook lean food, be sure to add butter or fat to it. Daily Value: 2 grams per kilogram of body weight. Up to three months, 10. 15 grams will be enough, from 3 to a year months it is necessary to give already 20. 30 grams.
How To Prepare For A German Shepherd Puppy
Carbohydrates can in some cases replace fats, giving the puppy energy for growth and proper bowel function. They are found in sugar, vegetable fiber, starch. Enough 10-15 grams of carbohydrates per 1 kilogram of body weight.
loaf and cereals are not the main food, so they are used in small quantities. From cereals, give preference to rice, millet, buckwheat, boiling them in the form of porridge with the addition of vegetables. Hercules is given after six months. 250. 300 grams is enough to give daily. the loaf is given gray or rye in small portions in the form of crackers soaked in low-fat broth.
It is better not to give legumes to the shepherd, she eats them badly.
Vegetables can be given grated, making salads with a small addition of vegetable oil. For a vitamin feed, boiled pumpkin with porridge is well suited. Steamed vegetables are well digested by the stomach. It is advisable to periodically give the baby tomatoes, which he eats with pleasure, especially in winter, they do an excellent job of cleaning teeth from plaque. To prevent worms, add a clove of garlic to your pet’s food. But potatoes are best eaten raw.
Herbs are an excellent vitamin supplement. Of all the herbs, it is better to refuse sorrel. it causes acute gastritis.
Fruits and berries are perfect for a diet that must be taught early in life. But give up grapes and citrus fruits.
Mineral feeding should be in the diet every day to keep your baby looking good. Pharmacy sulfur can be given a pinch along with meat to improve the quality of wool; the color is well influenced by seaweed, due to its high iodine content. Eggshells contain calcium, must be served in powder form from 1.5 months with 0.5 teaspoon per day, increasing the dose to one teaspoon three times a day by four months. Meat and bone meal should be added to the puppy’s soup 2 times a week. When the sheepdog grows up, this flour is placed in a separate bowl next to water so that she can eat it whenever she wants.
It is not advisable to give sweets, because of them the baby does not eat well. If you want to pamper your puppy, give him cheese or raw potatoes.
Eat a healthy diet. Be careful when caring for your pet. When feeding new complementary foods, observe the state of the digestive system and possible allergic reactions. Snacks between main meals are not desirable. The puppy should eat in a quiet, calm environment so that nothing distracts him from eating. This is necessary for excellent feed assimilation.
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How to feed a German shepherd
Eating a large dog (including a German shepherd) is not only costly, but also a very responsible process. Having found the exact answer to the question of what to feed your shepherd dog, you will lay the foundations for its long, healthy and high-quality life.
Adult German Shepherd Diet
The phase of active growth of a shepherd dog lasts up to a year. During this period, the puppy is heavily fed, making sure that there is enough calcium and vitamins.
Up to 3 years old, the pet physically matures: the skeleton grows stronger, muscle mass grows, the shade of the coat changes. Emphasis in feeding is shifting. less carbohydrates and fats are required, more proteins and vitamins.
A full adult canine life is concluded in the interval from 3 to 6 years. The menu is balanced and free from surprises. If the shepherd is carrying / feeding the offspring, she is entitled to vitamin supplements and a higher-calorie diet (at least a year after giving birth).
After 6 years, a dog’s pension comes, and 12-year-old specimens are considered centenarians. When thinking about what to feed an adult German Shepherd, you need to pay attention not only to basic products, but also to preparations that regenerate cartilage and bone tissues.
An elderly dog’s daily table should include:
- drugs with chondroprotectors.
The latter will save the pet from age-related diseases associated with the musculoskeletal system.
What you can’t feed a German shepherd
The limitations are related to the design of the canine digestive tract. If the owner does not overlook, the shepherd can eat not only useless, but also dangerous product for its health.
- Bones. prickly and tubular.
- Meat semi-finished products, sausages and sausages.
- Legumes other than peanuts.
- Millet, semolina and corn grits.
- Pasta, loaf and muffin.
- Confectionery, including chocolate.
- Grapes, walnuts, acorns, raisins and pistachios.
Dog food should never contain spices, including those with canned foods.
Experienced cynologists know that there is no universal diet, suggesting to take into account not only its calorie content and composition, but also the character of the dog and the loads ahead of it.
An excess of fats is contraindicated for a phlegmatic person, a sanguine person needs proteins, a choleric person can easily master a large amount of carbohydrates. The pet walks a lot, which means it will easily burn extra calories. Busy with work, for example, patrolling. include carbohydrate and protein foods in the menu, removing fatty ones. Any emotional overload will also require carbohydrates.
It is difficult to organize food for the German Shepherd only at first. Over time, the basic principles of the formation of the diet will become clear to you:
- Proteins. up to 70%. This is meat pulp, freed from skin, bones and fat, as well as offal, cottage cheese, milk and eggs.
- Carbohydrates. up to 40%. These are slowly digestible cereals (cereals), as well as vegetables / fruits with healthy fiber and fast carbohydrates.
- Fat. 20 to 40% (animal and vegetable).
Despite the strong opinion about the harmlessness of protein foods, it is forbidden to rely solely on proteins.
The bowl of water should be full (especially for those dogs who eat industrial food). The replacement of one type of food for another (dry to natural and vice versa) occurs smoothly, within 7 days.
It is important to adhere to a few rules:
- The ration is issued strictly by the hour, twice a day. It promotes good digestion and soft stools.
- Food is slightly warm or at room temperature. Nothing hot and cold.
- The meal lasts 20 minutes. Excess food can cause volvulus, as German Shepherds have small stomachs.
- The food should be thick (due to the nature of the canine digestion). Less fluid the better.
It’s great if you get a stand that raises the food to chest level. It’s good for the musculoskeletal system.
The natural diet of the German Shepherd is distributed as follows:
- 1/3. meat (fresh or boiled). Fish is allowed once a week;
- 1/3. porridge (preferably from buckwheat and rice);
- 1/3 of the daily volume. vegetables and dairy products. If milk provokes diarrhea in your shepherd, do without it.
And don’t forget about vitamin and mineral complexes. In this matter, it is better to trust the veterinarian.
Experienced dog breeders prefer to feed their pets with natural products (both raw and thermally processed).
There is one pitfall in the “natural”. it is believed that German shepherds are susceptible to food allergies. If your dog is allergic, remove the provocative product or switch to factory-made food.
Allowed Foods for an Adult German Shepherd Dog:
- Beef, chicken, boiled pork (lean), goose (lean), turkey (boneless, skinless, and fat free).
- By-products, including boiled beef udders. Small volumes. liver and kidneys.
- Chicken and quail eggs. not daily (raw and in the form of an omelet).
- Low-fat saltwater fish (boiled, boneless).
- Cottage cheese and any dairy products (without dyes).
- Buckwheat and rice, less often “Hercules”. For weight gain. wheat and barley groats, for weight loss. pearl barley.
- Potatoes and corn. only raw, cabbage. stewed and boiled, other vegetables. at the pet’s choice.
Occasionally, you can pamper your Shepherd with citrus fruits (if there is no allergy). Exotic fruits are undesirable, and plums, apricots and peaches should be removed from the list of domestic ones: they can cause intestinal upset.
You can give currant or mountain ash berries (a little), a little. almonds, pumpkin seeds, cashews, pine nuts.
Natural vitamins are poorly absorbed without vegetable oil (in small doses), so it is often added to vegetables and fruits. Also, with natural feeding, bone meal, yeast, tricalcium phosphate (feed), table salt (in micro doses!).
German Shepherd Puppy Diet
In puppyhood, a skeleton is formed and muscles grow, but if the dog is overfed, he is threatened with obesity. To avoid this problem, reduce the fat content of the portion without reducing its size.
At the same time, an excess of protein (within reasonable limits) will not harm the puppies. Growing up German Shepherds are cautiously given calcium, which is recommended for most other breeds without restrictions, as its overdose is fraught with mutations.
Regardless of the type of food (dry or natural), the puppy eats according to the following scheme:
- 1-2 months. a glass of food, divided into 6 meals.
- 2-3 months. 1.5 glasses for 5 sets.
- 3-6 months. 1 liter for 4 sets.
- 6-12 months. 1.5 liters in 3 sets.
In a year, the dog is transferred to an adult meal schedule. twice a day. It is necessary to keep the puppy from overeating: accelerated weight gain can lead to diseases of the joints and spine.