How to feed a red-eared turtle at home?
Young animals require enhanced nutrition with animal proteins, we offer the main food to adolescents once a day, in addition, they can eat salad or algae, which we keep in the terrarium constantly. We feed adults from 7 cm in size every 2-3 days, half of the ration is made up of food of plant origin. It is better to use raw food strictly at room temperature. Red-eared turtles are fed with ready-made frozen specialized food or homemade products.
What do red-eared turtles eat at home:
- lean fish varieties;
- pieces of liver;
- freshwater snails;
- squid fillet;
- lettuce leaves;
- non-poisonous meadow grasses;
- slices of zucchini and cucumber.
Red-eared turtle aquariums
Turtles are born up to 3 cm in size, but by the age of 3, with proper nutrition, they can grow up to 15 cm, so even at the stage of buying a terrarium, you should immediately think about purchasing a spacious tank. When thinking about which aquarium for a red-eared turtle will be the most successful, give preference to glass tanks with a volume of 100 liters (even better, 200 liters) per sexually mature individual. It is advisable to choose low and wide containers with a large bottom area; you will have to allocate up to 25% of the space for arranging an artificial coastal mowing line.
Caring for a decorative red-eared turtle
Ultraviolet and ordinary lamps illuminate the terrarium for up to 12 hours a day, we place them at a height of 25 cm. Under the rays of the real sun, we take out reptiles in the summer at a temperature of 20 ° C, gradually accustoming them to natural lighting. Even with a filter, we carry out water changes in terrariums up to 2 times a week. It is not recommended to walk the decorative red-eared turtle on the floor when caring for home, here it can easily catch a cold in a draft or swallow a small object.
Red-eared turtle at home. content rules
The undemanding and omnivorous red-eared turtle has always been popular at home. These creatures boast fantastic stamina and longevity, but sellers rarely devote newcomers to the details of reptile care, which leads to annoying mistakes and even the death of pets.
Life expectancy of red-eared turtles at home
In the wild, turtles have enough enemies, here they are trapped by diseases, various natural phenomena, so no more than 1% of the total number of reptiles survive until their thirtieth birthday. In the question of how long red-eared turtles live at home, it all depends on the qualifications of a person and his responsible attitude towards pets. Due to the poor level of care in the home terrarium, these pets on average do not often live longer than 15 years, but there is plenty of evidence when, under ideal conditions, they celebrated their 40th anniversary with their owners.
What does a red-eared turtle need in an aquarium??
To solve the problem of how to equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle, you need to purchase a complete list of the most necessary equipment. With suitable fixtures, it is easier to maintain an optimal microclimate inside the terrarium, a stable temperature of the aquatic environment. The design of the interior space has aesthetic value, without artificial plants, snags and grottoes, the dwelling of a red-eared turtle at home looks poor and unpresentable.
Basic equipment for a home terrarium:
- water heaters;
- external or internal filter;
- an ultraviolet spotlight with UVB 5% radiation to accelerate the synthesis of vitamin D3 by the body of turtles at home (babies need a UVB 10% lamp);
- lamps with incandescent lamps for heating the interior space;
- artificial island;
- artificial decorations.
Water temperature for a red-eared turtle in an aquarium
The red-eared turtle at home spends most of the time in the aquatic environment, so its standing directly affects the health of the reptile. We make sure that the water temperature is kept within the range of 22-28 ° C. When it decreases, animals become lethargic, their appetite decreases, and their immunity worsens. If the temperature is high, then the pets do not swim, they sit more on the island, which negatively affects their health. Water for red-eared turtles at home is used purified and settled, without admixtures of ammonia and chlorine.
Red-eared turtles at home.
Thinking about the nuances of the question of how to keep a red-eared turtle at home, you first need to think about a terrarium. Unscrupulous dealers of animals do not always mention that turtles can grow up to an impressive 30 cm in diameter, so you cannot do without a solid aquarium. Reptiles quickly pollute the habitat with their waste, a spacious container with high-quality and properly selected equipment will greatly facilitate the task of a novice lover of caring for exotic pets.
Types of red-eared turtles
The popularity of yellow-bellied reptiles was presented not only by their attractive appearance and easy care, but also by a variety of subspecies. Among the species of red-eared turtles, the following representatives are especially in demand:
- Trachemys scripta scripta. turtles reach 27 cm in length, have a characteristic lemon speck that merges with the stripe on the neck. Plastron is colored yellow with spots.
- Trachemys scripta elegans. grow up to 28 cm.There is a wide red stripe on the head of the reptiles.
- Trachemys scripta troostii. representatives stretch up to 21 cm. On the head there is a yellow stripe and extensive chin mowing lines. On each rib plate there is a yellow line. Plastron is decorated with small black specks.
Living in nature
The red-eared turtle refers to its original name due to its distinctive external feature: two scarlet-orange spots stretch from the eyes to the reptile’s neck. The second nickname of the turtle is yellow-bellied, due to the fact that the abdominal shield of the creature is painted in bright yellow.
Tortoise Daily Care Routine
The habitat of the red-eared turtle in nature is America, therefore the species is often referred to as “American”. Reptiles live near rivers, and cannot live without water, however, land for the red-eared turtle in nature plays a significant role. The life span of these reptiles is 30-40 years. Having acquired an exotic pet, the owner should know the nuances of keeping red-eared turtles at home in order for the pet to live a long life.
Description and general information
Turtles in the terrarium are a fun sight to watch for both adults and children. Caring for reptiles in captivity is not difficult, but before buying, you should get to know the pets better, having learned the characteristics and subspecies of reptiles.
- Reptiles in captivity can be up to 60 cm in size.
- The protective carapace of an adult red-eared turtle becomes slightly wrinkled.
- The famous specks that give the turtles their name can be both scarlet and lemon
- The color transforms with age: small red-eared turtles are painted in emerald tones, the elderly can acquire a black tint.
- Plastron in animals of intense yellow color with rounded markings.
red-eared turtle at home is simple, and even an inexperienced person can do it, however, certain nuances still need to be observed. The health and life expectancy of the pet depends on them, so the first thing to do is to organize a spacious terrarium for the reptile. We will talk further about what kind of aquarium is needed for a red-eared turtle and what should be in it.
Turtles spend most of their time in the water, so it is important to pay attention to the aquatic environment in the enclosure. Reptiles prefer clean, clear liquids, so be sure to install a filter in a container.
The liquid for filling the terrarium is used settled, without chlorine and harmful impurities. The water temperature for red-eared turtles is 22-28C. To maintain the number of degrees, a heater and a thermometer are needed. The liquid is renewed weekly, replacing 1/3 of the volume. It is important to note that the well-being and life of reptiles depends on the attention of the owner in this matter.
Red-eared turtle aquaterrarium
What is a terrarium? This is a specially equipped place for keeping reptiles. In this case, we are dealing with an aquaterrarium, since the red-eared turtle needs both land and water. in boxes, basins, buckets categorically does not suit them!
In addition, you need to remember that our turtles should live only in their “house” and in no case “walk” around the apartment. In the hands, however, they can be taken only for an extremely small amount of time: during transplantation for feeding or harvesting.
The future size of our turtles indicates that they need enough room to fully grow and develop. But this does not mean at all that you can launch small turtles immediately into a large aquaterrarium. Each age has its own “house”, according to the size.
As for the location of the aquaterrarium in the apartment, a more suitable place is in the back of the room. In the autumn-winter period, in the room where your turtle is kept, it is better not to open the windows in order to avoid a cold draft. Yes, it is deadly for your cold-blooded pets, as a “cold” can cause a disease such as pneumonia, which becomes clearly visible when the turtle is already fully ill.
How to tell a female from a male red-eared turtle?
Determining the gender of a turtle is difficult. It is better to entrust this matter to a specialist. And for 100% determination, even such research methods as radiography with contrast and probing may be needed. it will show the presence of hemipenis sacs. However, you can try to do this yourself. For example, along the length of the claws on the forelimbs: in the male they are much longer and look like elongated bayonets. Or along the length of the tail: the tail of the male is longer. Also, the male has a notch on the abdominal shell.
Red Eared Turtle Aquarium Water Temperature
To create comfortable living conditions for our reptiles, it will be necessary to maintain certain temperature regimes.!
The water temperature should be in the range of 22-25 0 C. It can be maintained either with the help of special heating mats (provided that the dimensions of the aquaterrarium are small enough), or with water heaters that can be set to a suitable temperature. For constant temperature control, you will need a special thermometer, which must be installed in the water. In addition, it must be protected from the curiosity of our pets, as they can damage it, which will lead to the ingress of hazardous substances into the water and poisoning the body.
We maintain the shore temperature with a heating lamp. It can be controlled by adjusting the height of the lamp. Normally, the shore temperature should be in the range of 30-32 0 С.
Types of red-eared turtles, sizes and features
The red-eared turtle includes three subspecies, which have their own characteristics of morphology (appearance).
The first representative of this species is Trachemys scripta scripta. Its peculiarity lies in the yellow color of the stripes on the muzzle (turning into a large yellow postorbital spot), which are connected on the neck. There are yellow stripes on the lateral (costal) scutes of the dorsal carapace (carapace), and yellow spots on the anterior scutes of the abdominal carapace (plastron). In size it reaches up to 27 cm.
The second representative, more familiar to all of us, is Trachemys scripta elegans. Its postorbital spots (resembling a bandage) are red in color, and they are quite wide. On the rib carapaces of the carapace, there are transverse yellow stripes, and on the plastron, there is a large spot on each shield. Reaches up to 28 cm.
And the third representative, very similar in appearance to Trachemys scripta elegans, is Trachemys scripta troostii. The differences lie in the fact that in this subspecies the postorbital spot is narrower and has a yellow color (sometimes in combination with red). On the rib carapaces there are yellow transverse stripes, and on the plastron there is a pattern of black spots, similar to “eyes”, or just small black spots. Reaches up to 21 cm.
The opinion that red-eared turtles are inhabitants of our regions and Russia as a whole is also mistaken. Homeland red-eared turtles: North America, Central America and northern South America, they also live in Europe and Southeast Asia. The main habitat is shallow water bodies, ponds and rivers with a slight current, or coastal zones.
For this type of lighting, conventional 60W incandescent lamps are suitable. This type is required so that your turtles do not freeze while out of water and can warm up normally for the full functioning of their body.
The coastal part of the aquaterrarium
Why do you need a shore in the aquaterrarium? Turtles are cold-blooded animals, unable to create heat with their own body, as we mammals do. In nature, turtles come out on the shore to warm up and take a break from swimming, the same must be done for them at home.
The land should not cover more than 1/3 of the aquaterrarium. The angle of rise from the water should not be too blunt or straight. It must be sharp and immobile so that the exit from the water does not “run away” from the turtle. The shore itself must be made of a sufficiently strong material, without the presence of easily detachable paint and odorless.
Caring for a red-eared turtle
Although turtles are unpretentious animals, they still require specific care. The presence of clean water is a guarantee of the health of the growing young stock and a guarantee of its active growth. Food that gets into the water starts to decompose, and the water takes on a dirty, cloudy appearance, indicating that it is time to change the water. To fill the aquaterrarium, it is necessary to use water that settles for a week (at least 5 days). It is very important to maintain optimal temperature conditions. To do this, you can use a conventional incandescent lamp aimed at the island. If necessary, the water is heated by a special heater. Much depends on the temperature regime in a person’s dwelling.
Common Turtle Care MISTAKES and how to avoid them! (before you buy a turtle watch this)
It’s important to know! Many people believe that in the case of keeping pets in close conditions, they do not grow and remain always the same small. Unfortunately, this is a misconception that can lead to the death of a turtle.
After some time, the turtle begins to eat on land, which simplifies this process, and also reduces the degree of water pollution. It is desirable that the island for rest and eating should not have a simple, but a rough surface, then the turtle will be able to get out onto land without much effort. Individuals significantly different in size should not be kept within the same aquaterrarium.
Many people think that red-eared turtles are slow and clumsy. In fact, they are able to show miracles of activity, both in water and on land. Therefore, it is very important that the height of the walls of their dwelling does not allow them to get out. As a rule, the minimum wall height should be within 40 cm and not lower. If the turtle accidentally leaves the aquaterrarium, then it can get very serious injuries, falling from a height. As a result, a pet can die, not only from injury, but also from dehydration.
The red-eared (yellow-bellied) turtle is a family of freshwater American turtles. This type of turtle is very popular among lovers of keeping various exotic animals at home.
Features of the arrangement of the aquarium (aquaterrarium)
It is more accurate to call a container for keeping red-eared turtles an aquaterrarium, while a number of requirements are imposed on such a container. The turtle is a freshwater animal, so there must be sufficient water in the aquaterrarium. The water should be clean and warm, with a temperature of 22 to 28 degrees. The volume of the turtle house is at least 200 liters.
It is imperative to purchase a special water heater, an ultraviolet lamp, a thermometer, a heating lamp, a filtration system and a lighting system. In the aquaterrarium, a small island should be provided, smoothly turning into the water. The area of this islet is no less than ¼ of the entire area of the turtle’s dwelling. The island is not formed on the basis of soil or gravel.
The dwelling for the red-eared turtle is an environmentally friendly space that does not have toxic components and is absolutely safe for animals without the presence of sharp objects.
Description of the red-eared turtle
The yellow-bellied turtle got this name due to the presence of red stripes running from the eyes to the ears. Because of this unique feature, the red-eared turtle is easy to distinguish from other species of turtles kept in the human environment.
Interesting to know! In conditions favorable for habitation, red-eared turtles can live for at least 25 years. At the same time, there are individuals that live up to 50 years.
In young individuals, the shell is bright green, but as the turtle grows and develops, this shade becomes brown. In adults, original patterns can be seen on the shell, while each turtle can be special. The size of the turtle is directly dependent on sex and can range from 18 to 30 cm. Oddly enough, but females are larger than males.
When kept at home, the red-eared turtle should receive lean, preferably river fish. Turtles should be fed raw beef liver once for a couple of weeks. In addition, snails, crickets, forage cockroaches, earthworms, and also small aquarium fish should be included in the diet. Plant food items should consist of aquarium vegetation, lettuce, dandelion leaves and plantain.
Interesting to know! Red-eared turtles eat in a peculiar way. They do not salivate, so they only chew food under water.
The Vitakraft Sepia mineral stone must be present in the aquaterrarium. Many pet owners practice plant rations such as Tetra ReptoMin, Sera, and JBL. The most preferred product that should be given to turtles at least once a month is carrots. Until the age of one year, reptiles are fed every day, and then no more than once every two or three days.
Red-eared turtle buying advice
Spring is the most suitable period for acquiring a pet. In warm seasons, it is much easier for an animal to adapt to new living conditions, especially since in warm seasons there is much more natural food. If you buy a turtle in the fall, then in such conditions the turtle’s growth slows down and it is more difficult for it to adapt to new conditions. In addition, during this period there is a risk of developing rickets or pneumonia against the background of vitamin deficiency.
First of all, you need to carefully examine the shell. It must be of the correct shape, free from scratches, deformations and other damages. At the same time, it must be firm, which will indicate the correct nutrition of the animal and its correct development. The skin should also be free of cracks and any stains. If the animal has sunken eyes, surrounded by a small “notch”, then this means that the animal is sick and suffers from dehydration. The turtle’s eyes should not have swelling, much less discharge. Her mouth should also be healthy, without white patches, abrasions or wounds. In this case, you should pay attention to the behavior of the little turtle. If the animal is lethargic, then something is wrong with it.
Interesting fact! A strange formation can be seen on the plastron of a young turtle. In fact, these are the remnants of a gall sac that supplies nutrients for the little creature. This alarming formation will soon dissolve on its own. After that, the animal begins to feed independently and is quite active.
It is very important to learn how to determine the sex of red-eared turtles yourself, while small individuals look exactly the same, regardless of gender. As they grow older, sexual characteristics begin to appear in full. Males mature a little faster than females and are ready to mate when the diameter of the shell is 10-12 cm, but the females are still large. Males have significantly longer claws located on the front legs and they also have a thicker and longer tail. Male cloaca is located almost in the center of the tail.
Health, disease and prevention
As a rule, most pets, including the red-eared turtle, get sick in most cases due to improper care and maintenance. Dirty and untreated water quickly leads to the fact that the turtle begins to feel bad, as it contains many harmful microorganisms. In this case, it is necessary to raise the temperature in her home by a couple of degrees in order to optimize the functioning of the immune system. It is also necessary to ensure that the animal does not experience a lack of moisture (water), otherwise, against this background, renal failure begins to develop, leading to disastrous consequences.
The fact that something is wrong with the turtle may indicate its behavior. When it floats, it can fall on its side or even sink to the bottom. If there are suspicions of infection, then it is advisable to treat all items of reptile care with an antiseptic that will not harm the animal. Symptoms of bacterial lesions are associated with the appearance of edema and necrotic changes. Such diseases require the use of antibiotics for treatment. In this case, you will have to completely replace the water in the aquaterrarium.
If the turtle is injured, an infection can enter its body, which leads to blood poisoning. As a result, the animal’s paws turn red, and the turtle becomes rather lethargic and inactive. This type of disease is practically not cured, especially on its own, so you will have to make a visit to qualified specialists. If you do not start treating your pet in a timely manner, the outcome can be very disastrous.
To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures, such as:
- Carry out daily inspection of the turtle.
- Clean the aquaterrarium regularly.
- Carry out regular water changes.
- Organize the right healthy diet.
- Prevent hypothermia.
- Monitor the operation of the heating, lighting and filtration system.
- Observe the rules of personal hygiene.
- Clean algae from the turtle shell from time to time.
- Adhere to the rules for keeping sick or newly purchased animals (quarantine mode).
- Avoid contact of a sick animal, both with family members and with pets.
- Constantly monitor the movement of the turtle outside its home.
- Periodically turn on the UV lamp and also expose to sunlight.
- Show the animal to the veterinarian from time to time.
In case of improper nutrition, the turtle begins to lack calcium, which leads to curvature and softening of the shell. If there is too much calcium deficiency, the pet may die. In such cases, the veterinarian prescribes drugs with increased calcium in the injections. You also need to know that calcium is absorbed due to the presence of vitamin “D” in the animal’s body. Vitamin D is produced by UV radiation, so it is very important to turn on the UV lamp regularly.
turtles in the terrarium
Very often the owners of turtles make the same blunder: they keep it on the floor. This is strictly prohibited, as there may be the following consequences:
- Your turtle can catch a cold as it needs heating from time to time.
- Can catch an infection.
- May get hurt.
Its habitat is a terrarium, as it were, they didn’t say.
Temperature control and lighting
The temperature regime in the terrarium is maintained by a 75W incandescent lamp installed at a height of 20-30cm from the bottom of the terrarium. In the daytime, the temperature in the terrarium should be: in the shade 28-30 ° С, and in the area of the lamp 36-38 ° С. The terrarium is illuminated with a fluorescent lamp.
In the terrarium, it is imperative to set aside a place for shelter. They place the shelter in the shade, and you can make it from any material, even from thick cardboard.
The turtle needs water treatments, about 1 time per week. To do this, you need to take a vessel slightly larger than a turtle and pour water into it at a temperature of about 25 ° C and organize a bathing. The water should be clean, and its level reached the turtle’s neck.
Basically, they buy Central Asian (steppe) turtles, which are not very demanding to care for. They can grow up to 20 cm in length and are characterized by the presence of a small rounded shell of a yellow-brown hue in combination with brown spots.
To begin with, it shows its activity in the morning and evening hours, and day and night it rests in some kind of shelter. Based on this, we can conclude that for such a turtle it is necessary to create similar conditions.
The Central Asian turtle twice a year goes into anabiotic state (hibernates), thereby saving from heat, cold and lack of food. This does not mean that at home she will do it, because she has enough food, and the temperature regime is within optimal limits.
Land turtles: care and
Nowadays, it has become very fashionable to keep at home not ordinary animals, like turtles. Turtles are divided into terrestrial and aquatic. This article will explain how to care for a land turtle.
Turtles attract attention because they lead a calm and measured lifestyle, without creating unnecessary noise and without requiring special attention. They are not carriers of various diseases, and care is reduced to providing her with conditions for a normal life. Therefore, caring for such a turtle will not be difficult if the family has children. As a rule, caring for a domestic turtle is the priority of children, not adults, especially since children grasp everything very quickly and they can do much better than adults. The main thing is to explain everything to them in time, as a rule, once is enough.
Dimensions and arrangement of the terrarium
Given that the turtle can grow up to 20cm in length, the size of the terrarium ranges from 100x50x30cm and no less. It should be large enough for the turtle to move around actively. It is not as slow as some people think, while it is impossible for the terrarium to have artificial obstacles in the form of sticks or branches. this is all unnecessary.
This tool should be chosen based on the goals and objectives for the work. For example, to work with microcircuits, you need the lowest-power soldering iron. 12 V, connected via an adapter. 80-100W models are rated for standard mains voltage and will handle soldering wires and most other jobs.
Soldering irons are different. The most popular are the following.
- With a copper sting. The most common option with a non-ferrous tip. Such soldering irons must be tinned before work; they must also be regularly cleaned of carbon deposits and scale in order to avoid deterioration of conductivity. Instruments of this type usually do not have temperature controllers, you can reduce or increase the heating of the tip by choosing the right length.
- Ceramic. The heating element in it is made of electrical ceramic. She passes heat well. Ceramic models usually have a thermostat, and they heat up faster than others.
- Nichrome or non-combustible. This element has a thin nickel plated coating that does not oxidize as quickly as a copper tip. But nichrome products have their drawbacks. they are afraid of mechanical damage, they are easily deformed.
- Steel. Rarely, it conducts heat worse, in addition to everything, it is easily oxidized. But in some cases, they can replace the copper analogue.
- Combined. This option provides for the manufacture of the contact part of the soldering iron from several components. For example, the core can be steel and the outside copper, with higher heat transfer. It is worth paying attention to the fact that combined products most often have a highly specialized application. It is not necessary to buy them for home soldering.
There is also the very first of all types of soldering irons, which does not require the expenditure of electrical energy at all to work with it.
It looks like a copper bar with a hammer at the end and a handle. One part of its striking element is in the form of a flat sting. Hammer type soldering irons are heated over an open fire.
For soldering at home, you need to purchase rosin or flux and solder. Why these materials are needed is worth talking in more detail. They provide the correct preparation and reliable connection of conductors during soldering.
In order to solder, you need to purchase the appropriate tool.
It must meet certain criteria:
- have heating temperature control (not always);
- give the ability to adjust the power;
- correspond to the assigned tasks in terms of the size and intensity of the glow;
- have a block for protection against voltage surges.
Of course, the most inexpensive soldering irons are equipped very modestly. There is no temperature regulator or protection against voltage surges here. These advantages are possessed by units called soldering stations. For home use, they are needed only if you plan to solder a lot and often.
One-time work can be easily handled by the most ordinary device without additional options.
What is needed for soldering?
It is often difficult for novice radio amateurs and home craftsmen to understand what is needed for soldering, what components need to be purchased in order to eliminate a simple wire break or tin metal utensils. In fact, the set of tools and accessories for such work has remained unchanged for years. To understand what tools and materials for soldering at home are required, you should familiarize yourself in more detail with the very technology of its implementation.
Features of the
In order to start working with a soldering iron, you must first understand its purpose and features. This home tool connects to the mains power supply and is capable of locally warming up to 300 degrees Celsius or more.
The standard power of the device does not exceed 80-100 W, there are also models with lower indicators. With the working surface of the soldering iron, which is called a sting, the master heats up the solder (most often an alloy of tin and lead), and then with its help connects metal parts to each other. wires, components of printed circuit boards.
Understanding what a beginner needs to solder is pretty easy. There is a standard list of materials and tools that both a professional and an amateur cannot do without. It is important to remember that the simplest and most affordable components are used at home, a small supply of which will last for a long time. When choosing materials, it is imperative to take into account that the solder must withstand a lower heating temperature than the metals it joins.
In order for the soldering to occur correctly, you need to take care of the preliminary preparation of the parts. To clean them from dirt, oxides, traces of the old compound, tools for mechanical processing are used. This includes a variety of abrasives, from soldering irons and needle files to sandpaper or dental drill.
Methods of chemical surface cleaning are also used. in this case, special reagents are purchased separately, applied directly in the process. The same compounds are used to keep the tips of copper and steel soldering irons in order.
For soldering at home, materials with a low melting point are used. up to 450 degrees.
As a solder, tin-lead mixtures and a flux. a binder are used to exclude oxidation of the tip surface. To connect metal elements to each other by soldering, tinning is used. the application and distribution of a liquid connecting composition on their surface. After that, wires or other parts are combined, adding solder if necessary.
In this way, it is possible to bond precious and non-ferrous alloys. Steel, cast iron and aluminum do not lend themselves well to low temperature brazing. Electronic boards are treated with compounds with a tin concentration of up to 61% and a melting point of 190 degrees. Only corrosion-passive fluxes are chosen for them. Active ones cannot be completely removed, they are more chemically aggressive, they can penetrate into the board structure, damaging it.
Fluxes and rosin
The most common type of substance in this group is rosin (hardened resin). It is chemically neutral and non-corrosive. The main purpose of this substance is to remove dirt and traces of oxidation from the soldering iron tip or from the parts to be connected. It dissolves plaque, prepares the surface for the soldering process, improves adhesion of solder.
Fluxes are chemicals that do the same thing. They have the form of a liquid acid solution, borax, formic acid, ready-made composition LTI-120, as well as self-prepared mixtures on a copper, aluminum base can be used. The substance is applied with a brush, after the completion of the soldering, it is washed off with technical alcohol so as not to provoke corrosive processes.
Rosin melts only when heated. That is why work with it is done in a special order.
- The container is filled with rosin crumbs or a whole piece.
- Solder is put on it.
- The soldering iron tip is immersed in the rosin. This avoids oxidation.
- Having reached the solder, the tip of the tool is evenly covered with it. tinning occurs.
The soldering iron processed in this way is completely ready for work. It can be immersed in solder and work.
On average, 1 treatment is enough for 15-30 minutes of continuous heating of the tip, then it starts to burn again, requires cleaning.
In addition to the main tool, in the process of work, the master needs to have additional elements at hand. This includes a soldering iron stand, which allows you to free your hands while the device cools down or parts are changed. Coasters are made of metal, sometimes with a plastic or wooden backing.
What you need to know about pet turtles!
It is also useful to have on hand small pliers for removing insulation from wires, a file, a vice. A flat tin can is useful for working with rosin. Soldering irons have replaceable elements. tips. They come in a variety of lengths and diameters, with a flat or narrow tapered tip. A set of interchangeable tips allows you to conveniently work with different types of materials and parts.