home Dogs What you need to take care of your dog

What you need to take care of your dog

Does the dog need to be washed after a walk?

How to take care of a dog if it lives in an apartment and comes from a walk wet and dirty? Should I wash it with soap or shampoo? To begin with, frequent washing of dogs is unacceptable (with the exception of Yorkies), this can disrupt the fatty protective layer of the skin and cause diseases such as dermatitis or eczema. But sometimes you still have to wash the dog. In these cases, you need to use only zoo shampoos and in no case use your own hygiene products. Try to keep your pet bathed a few times a year.

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Wear protective coveralls to keep your dog’s coat from getting dirty while walking. Surely you have repeatedly seen how dogs are walked in beautiful overalls in the autumn slush. Basically, they are not dressed like that for beauty, but for protection from dirt and cold.

Paws require special care after a walk. They need to be washed or at least wiped thoroughly every time you return from the street. Especially you need to be careful about the paws of the animal in winter. Utilities at this time of year sprinkle special reagents on the streets that can cause severe irritation on the pads. To save a dog from such a disaster, wash its paws properly.

Dog walking

The next thing dog owners should do daily. is to walk your pets in the morning, afternoon and evening. But not everyone can provide the animals with three walks a day. Often, working owners are limited to only morning and evening walks. This is not good for the dog, but it can get used to and tolerate this routine well. It should be remembered that the animal should not only be taken out into the street “to the toilet”, it should really be walked and played with. This is especially true for young dogs. Try to get out of the city or park with them, where they could run freely.

dogs in an apartment building are complicated by the fact that they have to be taken for a walk in the yard and nearby streets, i.e. where children play and generally full of people. The dog must be on a leash, and on large and aggressive animals, you must also wear a muzzle. And here’s another thing: in Russia, unfortunately, it is somehow not customary to clean up after your four-legged companions while walking. Therefore, most urban lawns are thoroughly dirty. Think about the people around you, take a scoop and a bag for a walk with your dog, as pet owners do in most other countries.

Hair care

Long-haired dogs are not the only ones in need of grooming. Labradors, for example, are also recommended to be combed out regularly, because they also shed. It is very easy to care for the coat of an Airedale. These animals are not subject to molting at all. Everything that is required from the owners. this is a periodic (once every several months) procedure for plucking out regrown hairs (trimming).

Grooming a poodle dog’s coat may require visiting a professional groomer. this is the name of a dog shearing man. Overgrown poodles do not look very beautiful, but, trimmed according to all the canons of dog fashion, they just look gorgeous. Yorkshire terriers require special care. Their fur is similar in structure to human hair, which is why it quickly becomes greasy and tangled. Therefore, such dogs must be bathed, carefully combed, trimmed.

Ears and teeth care

Dogs’ ears and teeth need care and attention just as much as their coat. Routine care for your dog’s ears should consist of periodically cleaning them from wax build-up with a dry cotton swab. There are special lotions on sale for cleaning dog ears, which can be moistened with a cotton swab. Healthy ears do not need anti-inflammatory or anti-mite medicated drops. But if the veterinarian, upon examination, discovers that the animal is infected with an ear mite, then he will definitely prescribe such drugs.

Dog breeds for an apartment. chihuahuas, Yorkshire terriers, pugs, etc. Decorative dogs are notable for their rather fragile health. So, with long walks in cold and windy weather, they may develop otitis media (ear inflammation). Watch your pet carefully: if the dog is constantly shaking his head, scratching his ear, and upon examination you see that it is red inside, then do not waste time, urgently show the animal to a specialist. In some breeds, such as poodles, otitis media can occur due to the presence of hair in the ears, which gradually collects and absorbs water and dirt, thereby provoking inflammation. Make it a rule to remove the hairs from the dog’s ears, you can use tweezers for this. Just do it with care so as not to hurt the dog.

Now I want to say a few words about caring for a dog’s teeth. In order for your pet’s teeth to be healthy and strong, it is very important to treat them carefully even from puppyhood. Make sure your puppy’s diet contains the right amount of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. For this purpose, it is very good to give a young dog calcified cottage cheese and special mineral supplements: “Glucosamine”, “Beafar”. The hardness of the teeth and the strength of the jaws are promoted by foods that the dog must gnaw (carrots, cabbage stubs, crackers, large beef bones). If you notice plaque on the teeth of an adult dog, you can clean them with a toothbrush and toothpaste.

Flea and tick treatment

Fleas and ticks can pick up any breed of dog. There is nothing good for the house if the dog becomes a “flea”. These small blood-sucking parasites that have arrived at your home, hiding in your pet’s fur, will happily settle in a variety of places: on carpets, under skirting boards, in furniture. They will bite not only the dog, but all family members. There is no need to talk about the suffering of the animal itself! When a dog is attacked by fleas, it literally loses its peace, because the bites of these insects are very painful and cause unbearable itching.

And ticks, which are activated in nature at the end of each spring, can even cause a serious illness of the pet, which can lead to its death. To avoid all these troubles, you can and should use various insecticidal agents, which include:

  • Drops against ticks and fleas (applied to the withers of the dog).
  • Special protective collars.
  • Shampoos.
  • Aerosols.

How to take care of a dog? Dogs: and grooming

It happens that people, buying a puppy for keeping in an apartment or house, treat it like a toy and do not understand how to care for a dog. These are mostly inexperienced owners who have never had a four-legged friend before. We are going to tell you in detail what and how to do to keep your pet healthy, live a long time, and friendship and communication with him brought you joy for many years. Just a warning: caring for a dog will take a lot of your time and patience. So if you can’t brag about your love for animals, then you should think hard before getting a dog.

What kind of dog is like for you

When you are faced with a choice of what breed of puppy to buy, it is very important not to make a mistake with your decision. What kind of dog do you dream of? Sheepdog (East European, German, Caucasian, Central Asian), Black Terrier, Moscow Watchdog, St. Bernard, Commander and many other huge shaggy dogs, of course, are very beautiful, strong and capable of faithfully serving and protecting their masters, but they are absolutely not suitable for content in the apartment. They live best on the street, in the courtyard of a private house or cottage.

But what about people living in ordinary apartments? There are other dog breeds for them. For an apartment, mostly decorative dogs are suitable: pugs, poodles, Italian greyhounds, Yorkshire terriers, Chihuahuas, cocker spaniels, as well as many companion dogs, for example, a Labrador or Dalmatian. You can keep dogs belonging to service breeds in the apartment: Boxers, Dobermans, Rottweilers. They have short hair, and life on the street in the cold season is quite problematic for such dogs.

Another serious question when choosing a four-legged pet. can you handle a strong animal? Many have become convinced from their own bitter experience that love and affectionate attitude towards a four-legged friend alone is not enough for a large, physically strong dog to begin to obey all the commands of the owner unquestioningly. Remember, if you are not able to win real authority from the dog, then you will not be able to control his behavior with a 100% guarantee. And this can lead to all sorts of troubles. from the impossibility of trimming its claws or removing a bone from its mouth, picked up by an animal on the street, to passers-by bitten on the street. Big dog. This is a great responsibility!

Sometimes people search the Internet for the “Which dog is right for me” test and rely entirely on its results. It is hardly necessary to blindly trust such tests, they can rather be attributed to an auxiliary tool, or even to games or jokes. People often give wrong answers to test questions and therefore can get answers that are absolutely not true. In the event that you find it difficult to make your own decision, it is best to contact a professional dog handler, he will really be able to give sensible recommendations and conduct his own test. “Which dog is right for me?” this is a question that should be asked to a specialist, not the Internet.

Training and behavior correction

There are dog breeds that must be trained. These include Shepherd Dogs, Rottweilers, Boxers, Dobermans and many more. Your four-legged friend must be able to follow the commands of the owner, without this he can be dangerous both for the people around him and for your family members, including children. In almost every city there are training clubs where you can sign up for group or individual classes with dog handlers.

Many people think that small decorative dogs do not need training, but this is not entirely true. Even such small animals kept in a city apartment are capable of disturbing neighbors, and even the owners themselves. For example, a dog may bark desperately all day when he is alone at home. This behavior requires adjustment and consultation with a dog handler.

How to take proper care of your dog?

Caring for a dog consists of many factors, in the article “Caring for a puppy” we talked about what conditions your pet needs to create for a full life. Be sure to read the materials of this article, in it you will receive a lot of useful tips.

In this article, we will discuss in more detail the topic of caring for a dog’s hair, and also talk about the issue of sterilization, whether this procedure is necessary, how it affects the well-being and health of dogs.

How to take care of a dog at home in an apartment?

Dog grooming is not limited to the correct maintenance of its coat, the eyes of the dog also require attention.

In a healthy dog, the eyes should be clear, if you notice purulent discharge from the eyes, this means that the dog may be sick. This can be either a sign of an allergy or a symptom of an infectious eye disease. In any case, be sure to show the dog to the veterinarian.

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If your dog is walking in tall grass, flush the dog’s eyes with water or tea leaves from the outer corner of the eye to the inner corner (towards the nose). After all, pollen, seeds and other particles of dirt can get into the eyes.

Ear care should be done weekly. To do this, pluck the hair inside the ear canal. If the ears are not very dirty, they are wiped with a swab dipped in vegetable oil. In addition, a huge number of special products are now produced for maintaining the hygiene of ears in dogs, which have a soft composition and can be used weekly, which is especially important for dogs of fold breeds. These dogs are more prone to ear infections. therefore, it is necessary to monitor the condition of their ears especially carefully.

Clipping your dog’s nails

In addition to hair, it is also necessary to trim the nails of the dog, about once every 7-10 days, while it is important not to touch the blood vessel in the cavity of the claw, which is located at the base. Excess hair is also clipped on the paws, while the style of the haircut corresponds to the breed of the dog. Mats are often formed on the paws, they must be combed out and cut. You also need to inspect the paws daily for dirt, glass, gum and other contaminants. If the dog has walked on fresh asphalt, tar, and other chemicals, it is necessary to abundantly smear the paws with vegetable oil and rinse with abundant soapy water or a special agent to remove this substance. In winter, the streets and roads are sprinkled with reagents, so after a walk, you need to wash your paws with water and soap. In summer, it is enough to wipe the dog’s paws after walking with a dry, clean cloth. If the skin on the pads of the paws is cracking, then lubricate them with vegetable oil or fat cream.

Dog grooming

Caring for a dog’s coat requires some effort on your part, but this procedure is simply necessary for your pet to feel good and comfortable.

Caring for the coat of dogs of different breeds depends on the characteristics of the coat, the density and length of the coat, the softness and capriciousness of the hairs. It would seem that the usual procedures for bathing and brushing should be the same for everyone, however, there are some nuances in caring for a dog’s coat in each case.

There are four groups of dogs according to the degree of difficulty in grooming the coat.

The first group of dogs is represented by the breeds that require the most attention in the care of the coat of these breeds. This group includes dogs whose hair must be cut and plucked. This includes breeds such as Terriers, Cocker. spaniels, poodles, schnauzers.

On the second place in terms of the difficulty in grooming the coat are the breeds of long-haired dogs. The coat of these dogs should be brushed regularly. This is a fairly large group of breeds, for example, Collie, Pekingese, Bobtail, etc.

Next are the short-haired breeds, also a fairly large group, which includes Dobermans, Rottweilers, Boxers and many others.

Finally, this classification is completed by dogs that do not have a coat, such as the Mexican Hairless, the Chinese Crested, etc. Despite the fact that these dogs do not have hair, this does not mean that they do not need attention, since these dogs need special care behind their skin.

Daily grooming of your dog’s coat is essential. After all, not only the appearance of the dog depends on this, combing allows you to get rid of dirt, dandruff, dead skin cells, prevents the fur from falling off, improves the blood supply of the hairs due to a slight massage of the skin with a comb.

In order to take care of your pet’s coat as efficiently and correctly as possible, it is advisable for you to visit professional dog hairdressing salons. grooming salons. There you will be given professional advice on caring for your pet, help you choose the right brushes and shampoos, and tell you how to take care of your pet at home.

How to take care of your dog for kids in 5 steps Cartoon

In our article, we give general average recommendations for caring for dog hair.

So, if you are the owner of a pet of a short-haired dog breed, then you will not have any special problems with caring for the dog’s coat. For daily grooming, you need a terry towel or a special mitten, twice a week you need to brush the dog with a brush with hard natural bristles.

If your dog is of a long-haired breed, then for grooming you will need a comb with long and blunt teeth at the ends. Another tool is a slicker, wire brush, or something else. slicker. It is the slicker that helps to prevent wool from falling into tangles. However, often the slicker cannot be used, otherwise your dog will become bald. Use the slicker once or twice a month and it won’t harm your dog. The slicker and comb can be used daily only during molting periods. You may also need a special comb. a mats cutter, mats are mainly formed on the paws, behind the ears and in the armpits.

Dogs with very coarse coats need annual haircuts and plucking. trimming. Haircuts are held twice a year, according to an individually developed program. Such a dog is determined not only by the standards of its appearance, but also by elementary necessity. After all, if you do not pluck and cut dogs with such a hard coat, they will overgrow very much and become unkempt in appearance. However, appearance flaws are not the main problem in this case, if you do not cut and pluck certain parts of the body, then the old hairs will prevent the growth of new ones, the dog will experience constant itching and irritation. Infection can get into combs and microcracks and provoke skin diseases that are very difficult to treat. The style of haircuts for different breeds changes slightly every year. If you want to participate in exhibitions with your pet, then you need to take into account such fashion trends. Today on sale you can find a wide variety of different types of scissors, however, it is not easy for a dog to make the right haircut on its own, it is better to turn to professionals.

For the daily grooming of coarse-coated dogs, use combs with hard metal teeth. In schnauzers and terriers, you need to wipe your beard after feeding with a mitten and periodically comb it with a comb.

Care of teeth and gums.

When chewing on solid food, the dog’s teeth are mechanically cleaned of plaque, thereby preventing the formation of tartar. If it was not possible to prevent the formation of tartar, then you need to contact your veterinarian to solve this problem. To avoid the formation of calculus, you can brush your dog’s teeth with a special tooth powder and toothpaste for dogs, and wipe the polished teeth with a soft cloth.

Bathing dogs

Dog grooming includes bathing. Bathing frequency also depends on the dog’s coat.

For long-haired dogs with a coat prone to mats, more frequent bathing and careful brushing is desirable, for short-haired dogs bathing is less frequent, about once a month. Bathing water should correspond to the dog’s body temperature and vary between 37.5-39 ° C.

Dry with a hairdryer is necessary for long-haired dogs, short-haired dogs should be thoroughly wiped with a terry towel.

Regular dog grooming

Dogs, unlike, for example, cats do not bother too much about their appearance, but this does not mean that they are unclean. It’s just that in nature, canines openly pursue a prey, and therefore they do not need to hide their smell.

In addition, evolution took good care of the wild ancestors of our pets, endowing them with a fairly short, but thick coat that has excellent water and dirt-repellent properties.

However, pedigree breeding has taken domestic dogs far away from natural design, and living in polluted cities does not at all contribute to a neat appearance. And we ourselves impose much stricter requirements on it than nature could conceive. That is why caring for dogs, including taking care of their appearance, is exclusively the prerogative of the owner.

In order to avoid problems later, you need to follow the rules of caring for a dog and teach pets to them from an early age. It is very important to realize that hygiene procedures are important not only for beauty, but also for the health of the animal.

Why your dog needs to be washed regularly

Dogs’ skin constantly secretes a special oil that lubricates the hair and protects it from environmental influences. Like any biological substance, this lubricant, remaining on the wool for a long time, begins to decompose and release an unpleasant odor. For example, the same thing happens with the natural secretions of human skin. then.

By freeing the skin and hair of the animal from the formed dirt and grease, we not only get rid of the unpleasant odor, but also open up oxygen access to the skin and hair follicles, which affects their health in the best way. The most important condition for achieving the effect of this procedure is the use of a special shampoo, selected according to the type of animal hair.

How much to comb?

Dog grooming, in terms of brushing, depends on the breed. Smooth-haired dogs practically do not need it. only during intensive shedding in spring and autumn, it is advisable to comb out dead hair so that later not to collect it from carpets and furniture.

Dogs with a medium coat length and a thick undercoat, such as German Shepherds or Huskies, need intensive combing every day during molting and at least once a week during the rest of the time. Long-haired breeds are much more troublesome.

It is advisable to take care of their fur as a daily procedure, otherwise you will later spend much more time and effort getting rid of tangles. The latter, by the way, are not only a “cosmetic” problem.

Mats disrupt the flow of air to the skin and hair of the animal, literally, like a sponge, absorb dirt and are an excellent “home” for parasites of all stripes.

Claw cutting

This procedure is openly neglected by many owners, as it is quite complicated, time consuming and very disliked by most dogs. However, there is still reason to make it mandatory.

And it’s not just that excessively long claws pose a significant threat to your flooring, carpets and bedspreads, which dogs, following instinct, intensively “dig” before lying down.

The point is that the overgrown “manicure” violates the correct position of the dog’s paw. When walking, she does not lean on the entire foot, as it should be. her fingers fan out to the sides instead of being “in a ball”. This forced gait increases the stress on the joints, which have a very limited margin of safety, especially in large breeds.

Of course, in the process of walking, the claws wear out naturally, but only if the dog runs for hours on the asphalt, and not tramples on the lawn for 20 minutes. In winter, walking for an hour does not help to solve the problem. Therefore, be that as it may, it is necessary to regularly cut claws.

How to cut a dog’s claws

For this procedure, it is best to use a special claw cutter that has a limiter, by installing which you can adjust the length of the cut part of the claw. This is very important, because inside each of them there is a blood vessel, if damaged, blood will flow, the dog will feel discomfort and lose all confidence in this procedure.

It’s good if your pet has transparent claws. then you can easily see the border where the blood vessel ends. If the claws are black, then you will have to be very careful and shorten them gradually, no more than 1-2 millimeters at a time, because with the lengthening of the claw, the blood vessel also lengthens.

If you are afraid of damaging the claw, then the best solution would be to contact a veterinary clinic. When clipping nails, one should not forget about the so-called rudimentary fifth toe, located on the side of the forelimbs in all dogs.

It is a claw that, unlike the rest, never abrades at all, and therefore can even grow into the skin.

Dog grooming

This care comes down to two procedures. washing and combing. For some breeds of dogs, grooming and trimming (plucking) of wool is also relevant, but since most owners trust these manipulations to professionals, we will not dwell on them in detail.

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How To Take Care of Your Dog

Dogs should be washed about once a month, regardless of whether the coat shows visible signs of contamination or not. The notion that washing spoils a dog’s coat is outdated a long time ago. On the contrary, modern veterinarians give very good reasons to carry out bath procedures regularly.

Ear and eye care

The intensity of this grooming also strongly depends on the breed of the animal. The eyes of dogs, which do not have long hair on the muzzle, practically do not need any attention from the owner, except for a preventive examination. But animals with a short muzzle or those who sport long bangs will have to wipe their eyes with a special lotion every day or every other day to remove the inevitable discharge.

The same goes for the ears. Caring for animals with erect ears, if you have, for example, a terrier, husky or a similar dog, is not difficult. You should only once a month arrange a preventive examination and wipe the auricle with special wet wipes to remove dirt and residues of natural sulfur secretions.

But with lop-eared pets, everything is much more complicated. Due to the lowered auricle, moisture and temperature are constantly increased inside the ear, which creates an excellent breeding ground for the development of bacteria. Therefore, at least once a week, lop-eared dogs need to clean their ears using a special antibacterial lotion.

Bury a few drops of this product in the ear canal, let the dog shake his head and then carefully remove the remaining lotion with gauze swabs or cotton pads.

Feeding the dogs

Puppies are fed 6 times a day (night break no more than 7-8 hours). The approximate amount of food for each meal is 1-2 cups.

Daily ration for puppies of large breeds (East European Shepherd Dog, Doberman Pinscher, Pointing Dog) at the age of 1-2 months. should be something like this:

  • milk. about 500 g, meat. 150-200 g, cereals. 100-150 g, a loaf (gray) 50 g, vegetables and herbs. 50 g, table salt, calcium salts, fish oil. as recommended by a veterinarian.

For puppies of medium-sized breeds (fox terriers, dachshunds) the ration is half. At least 20-25% of meat is given raw (minced meat, scraped meat), the rest is boiled, crushed and put into the general feed.

From the age of one and a half months, it is useful for a puppy to chew on bones. Tubular bird bones should not be given; when chewing, they form sharp fragments that can injure the intestines, stomach and destroy the dog.

It is necessary to give the puppy cottage cheese and a raw quail egg. A 1-2-month-old puppy is given chopped carrots, beets, cabbage; in their absence. multivitamins. Uneaten food is removed and given only in the next feeding.

Adult dogs are fed 2 times a day, fresh and clean water should always be poured into a bowl.

From a month and a half, the dog needs to be taken outside, preferably immediately after feeding. In the first two months, milk teeth erupt in dogs, at this time they are allowed to chew on large bones and rubber toys.

Dogs encyclopedia. How to take care of your dog?

There is no limit to showing love for your pets. Some take their dogs to trendy dog ​​clothes parlors, others give the dog a manicure, and still others arrange entire weddings. But there is the main and most important thing that makes a dog well-groomed and happy. it is good nutrition, animal care and disease prevention.

Diseases of dogs

A dog can infect a person with rabies, scabies, helminthic diseases, a dangerous internal parasite. echinococcus.

often than other domestic animals around a person, the dog becomes infected with rabies and is the main distributor of this disease. Dogs usually show signs of rabies 3-6 weeks after infection. The dog becomes irritable, restless, gnaws and swallows inedible objects, begins to run aimlessly, pounced on oncoming people, a hoarse howl appears instead of barking. After a few days, the animal dies.

In the event of a minor bite, a rabid or suspected rabid animal should be vaccinated immediately.

If your dog has never walked in pink panties with rhinestones and never wore a denim jacket. it doesn’t matter! Love and affection will make your pet the happiest dog. Taking good care of your dog will make your eyes glow with devotion and gratitude. And you will feel like an exemplary master who, in good conscience, fulfills his duty to a tamed four-legged friend.

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Dog grooming

Dog grooming starts with hygiene. Dogs should be gradually trained to clean and wash. Long-haired dogs are combed with a comb. Brushing dogs over and against the coat.

Puppies are bathed as needed. It is recommended to prepare separately the lather, lather the moistened wool with it, then rinse thoroughly in several waters. Do not lather your dog with a bar of soap, this can lead to scratching and eczema.

At 3-5 months in dogs, milk teeth are replaced with permanent ones. At this age, the dog is taught to the command “no” and to the leash.

To train a dog to the command “sit”, you need to take it by the leash (closer to the collar) and, pressing on the rump with your left hand, strictly say: “Sit!”

It is recommended to develop conditioned reflexes and skills in puppies on the basis of play, affection and a special dog treat. Adult dogs are trained according to the general course, and then according to special services.

Комментарии и мнения владельцев (13):

Love and care. and the dog will always be healthy and faithful!

I think I can guess what kind of book we are talking about. The book is not bad, but it’s a little strange to pull a few phrases out of it and call it an article. Yes, and an encyclopedia. I have the “Encyclopedia of Dogs”. about 1000 pages and not all. And there is a three-volume book Feeding the Dogs. And separately “Hair care” And all this fit into one article? Well, something like “Tolstoy L. N. Anna Karenina” and the whole article “Love. Tu-tu-BAKH” Not useful and does not give pleasure. I hope that no one will think to act exactly according to this article.

There is no limit to showing love for your pets. Some take their dogs to trendy dog ​​clothes parlors, others do a manicure for the dog, and still others arrange entire weddings. But there is the main and most important thing that makes a dog well-groomed and happy. it is good nutrition, care and prevention of diseases.

It seems to me that salons, manicures, etc. not a manifestation of love for a dog (a dog doesn’t need it at all!), but a manifestation of YOURSELF in a relationship with a dog. “That’s how wonderful I am, I love the dog so much that even.” Well, it’s like dressing up a small child in an Armani suit, giving him toys made of pure gold, rattles with diamonds to play. It won’t get worse, but it won’t get any better. Nutrition, care, prevention make the dog well-groomed (grooming makes it well-groomed, something worth fixing), and the relationship with the owner makes it happy. Have you ever seen a dog at an alcoholic?! they eat porridge on the water, they have not heard of shampoos and vaccinations. gets kicks regularly. and happy at the same time! And you can’t take them away from the owners. yearn, run away. And not all dogs eating black caviar and visiting salons are SO happy!

Feeding the dogs. Puppies are fed 6 times a day (night break no more than 7-8 hours) (puppies of what age should be fed like this? 2 weeks or 3 months?)

The approximate amount of food for each meal is 1-2 glasses. (for both the toy terrier and the St. Bernard?)

Daily ration for puppies of large breeds (East European Shepherd Dog, Doberman Pinscher, Pointing Dog) at the age of 1-2 months. should be something like this: milk. about 500 g, meat. 150-200 g, cereals. 100-150 g, a loaf (gray) 50 g, vegetables and herbs. 50 g, table salt, calcium salts, fish oil. as recommended veterinarian. For puppies of medium-sized breeds (fox terriers, dachshunds), the diet is half. At least 20-25% of meat is given raw (minced meat, scraped meat), the rest is boiled, crushed and put into the general feed. From the age of one and a half months, it is useful for a puppy to chew on bones. Tubular bird bones should not be given; when chewing, they form sharp fragments that can injure the intestines, stomach and destroy the dog.

Milk. a lot, diarrhea is almost guaranteed. Only about 3% of dogs older than 3 months have an enzyme that breaks down lactose, the rest have diarrhea from milk. over, from a cow, it has a completely different composition. And if there is an opportunity to strain bitch milk in such quantities (well, maybe you have several very large bitches at the same time have a false pregnancy with abundant lactation), then why can’t you just let the puppy suck on your mother (or another bitch). Meat. ok, but I don’t agree that it should be boiled. I give all meat only raw. And not in any case not minced meat (again, there will be diarrhea! The structure of the digestive tract in dogs is this), but pieces of meat. And scraped. only as the first complementary food to taste. And literally the first few days, and by the month there are already pieces. you can not give a loaf at all, but more vegetables and herbs are better. Bones are also not worth giving. they do much more harm than good.

It is necessary to give the puppy cottage cheese and a raw quail egg. A 1-2 month old puppy is given chopped carrots, beets, cabbage; in their absence. multivitamins. Here it is also necessary to add that vegetables should only be boiled or stewed and only together with animal fats, otherwise, as much will come in, so much will come out, an increase in the amount of feces. And vitamins without animal fats are poorly absorbed. And multivitamins, not in the absence of vegetables, but in any case when feeding with natural feed. And multivitamins are by no means human, otherwise you will be tormented to treat allergies, but only for dogs.

Uneaten food is removed and given only for the next feeding. Adult dogs are fed 2 times a day, fresh and clean water should always be poured into a bowl. From a month and a half, the dog needs to be taken outside, preferably immediately after feeding. In the first two months, milk teeth erupt in dogs, at this time they are allowed to chew on large bones and rubber toys. From a month and a half, you can take your dog outside ONLY in a private yard. Where you are sure of the absence of other dogs, cats, children, strangers and wild animals. And it’s better not to risk it. A dog is vaccinated for the first time only at 2 months, then revaccination, then quarantine, and only then can you begin to take it out into the street and introduce it to other dogs. And up to 2 months, and ideally until the end of quarantine, the puppy should live with his mother in general. By the age of 2 months, the milk teeth have completely crawled out. If there is no developmental delay and with feeding mother and children everything was fine.

Dog grooming. Dogs should be gradually trained to clean and wash. Long-haired dogs are combed with a comb. (best of all. Except for completely naked (not smooth, namely naked!) combing. Otherwise, you often have to clean the apartment or live in mud. Plus, dogs that are not scratched often have skin problems). Brush the dogs over and against the coat. (it is necessary to scratch so that eczema appears) Puppies are bathed as needed. It is recommended to prepare separately the lather, lather the moistened wool with it, then rinse thoroughly in several waters. Do not lather your dog with a bar of soap, this can lead to scratching and eczema. (You can’t wash a dog with soap at all. And human shampoos too.)

At 3-5 months in dogs, milk teeth are replaced with permanent ones. At this age, the dog is taught to the command “no” and to the leash.

And how is this connected ?! Teeth can change later, most teeth start changing at 4 months, but maybe at 6-8. To the command “No!” the dog should be taught from the moment it appears in the house, as well as to the approach on command, nickname and return to the place. To the leash. the earlier the better. (it is better to let a tiny puppy run around your house, accustomed to a leash than on the street, not accustomed. Do you recommend walking from 1.5 months? And a leash from 3? may not live to see 3 in that case.). It is too late for some breeds to start at 3.5 months.

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To train a dog to the command “sit”, you need to take it by the leash (closer to the collar) and, pressing the rump with your left hand, strictly say: “Sit!” It is recommended to develop conditioned reflexes and skills in puppies on the basis of play, affection and a special dog treat. Adult dogs are trained according to the general course, and then according to special services. Every single phrase. nothing, but do not add up together. What game is this. press and say in a stern voice ?! Dogs are not trained, this is not a procedure. They train with them. And not all adult dogs are trained (although it should be). In general, two teams are enough for a normal life in the city. “To stand!” (not in the sense of “get up in a rack”, but in the sense of “stop moving!”) and “No!” (we have it sounds like “NO!”), but worked out to automatism. Well. if the dog is large, it is convenient when it knows how to walk next to it, but if there is halti, you can not teach it, it will understand itself.

Diseases of dogs. A dog can infect a person with rabies, scabies, helminthic diseases, a dangerous internal parasite. echinococcus. (and that’s all ?! And in fact there are about 30 such diseases. These are fatal)

often than other animals surrounding a person, the dog becomes infected with rabies and is the main distributor of this disease. (and in fact, rats become infected more often than others, only they cannot be carriers, because they die very quickly. And the main carrier is wild foxes)

Signs of rabies in a dog usually appear 3-6 weeks after infection. (actually from 10 days to several years) In the event of a minor bite, a rabid animal or suspected rabid animal should immediately receive special vaccinations. (in fact, the animals are immediately euthanized, since rabies is not treated, and a person who has come into contact with animals suspicious of rabies, and not necessarily bitten, is enough to slobber. They are vaccinated.)

The last few phrases, each individually, seem to be correct, but they have nothing to do with each other and with the article. The comment turned out more than the article itself.

Medical procedures

In order for the animal to live as long as possible, you need to take care of regular veterinary care. The doctor conducts a physical examination, takes blood and feces for tests.

  • Regular deworming, tick and flea prevention.
  • Obtaining compulsory vaccinations. against rabies, hepatitis, distemper

If you notice that the dog refuses to eat, does not drink, or has loose stools. immediately go to the veterinary clinic.

Food

Proper nutrition is the key to a dog’s vigor, healthy and shiny coat, strong teeth. The diet must be compiled depending on the breed and size of the pet.

  • Basic rules of dog nutrition: Availability of fresh water in free access. The dog should drink water as soon as it wants, especially in hot weather. Dehydration is much worse than hunger.
  • It is advisable to feed the pet on a schedule, at the same time. This will allow you to determine the amount of food required for one feeding, and will accustom the dog to a certain regimen. Free nutrition (when access to feed is constantly available) is fraught with obesity.
  • The feed must contain high quality ingredients. If you are giving dry food, then “human” food cannot be given.

What to prepare for meeting a puppy

In the early days, the pet experiences great stress, although it got into your loving family, but it broke away from the pack and its mother, let’s help it get used to the new environment.

  • Prepare the place. It is better to use places with a plastic frame and removable pillows, they are more comfortable and easier to wash.
  • Prepare bowls. It is better to take the bowls on a stand, so you can adjust the height for the puppy.
  • Lay down the diaper. And it is better to cover everything with diapers, and then gradually remove them closer to the exit, so that the puppy will quickly get accustomed to the street.
  • Feed. Find out what kind of food the puppy eats from the breeder and buy the same (exactly the same, and not some other, better. The puppy gets used to one food, there should be no abrupt changes)
  • Collar and leash. You can take it later, usually puppies are transferred after vaccination, so you can walk only after 5-7 days. Take a collar, the harness can hurt. Leash choose a tape measure 3-5 meters.
  • Toys. And how without them. Either shoes or toys, or better all at once.
  • A small piece of cheese. This is the best treat for dogs, so you can win over your puppy.

The first few nights, the puppy may whine, take him to your bed or put a bottle of warm water in its place, it will remind him of his mother’s warmth and he will fall asleep faster.

How to TAKE CARE of a PUPPY �� Complete Guide to Puppy Care

Nail care

This procedure involves trimming the claws of the animal. It is necessary for the dog to be able to walk normally, because too long claws dig into soft tissues and cause pain to the pet. This can lead to joint problems and lameness.

It is better to trust the care of claws to professionals who, with the help of special tools, will carry out manipulations quickly and as painlessly as possible.

If a vessel was touched in the process of clipping the claws, strong blood may go out, in order to quickly stop it, use flour, apply liberally to the cut.

How to take care of your dog from the first days at home

How to properly organize the care of a dog? The main points of procedures and activities that must be followed to ensure a healthy and fulfilling life for your pet.

A cute barking pet is the cherished dream of many children and adults. Isn’t it wonderful when your always joyful and playful four-legged friend meets you at home? And how interesting it is to play and walk with him! But an animal in the house is not only joyful moments of communication, but a great responsibility. Caring for a dog involves a whole range of different procedures and activities. Therefore, before deciding on such a “replenishment” of your family, you should find out the main aspects of keeping a pet.

Tips for bathing your dog

  • For different breeds of dog, use the appropriate hair washes. shampoo and conditioner. If your dog has a monochromatic color, then you can use tint shampoos, they will give a rich shade and shine.
  • There are breeds, for example, the Chinese Crested, whose care is special, requiring more frequent washing with the use of an individual shampoo with a mild and gentle effect. In this case, we advise you to use professional cosmetics. Such products usually come in concentrated and must be diluted with water.
  • The dog should be washed at least once every three weeks. This, of course, does not apply to washing paws, especially if the animal lives in the house.
  • Do not brush the dog immediately after the bath. the coat should dry completely, for this, wrap the dog in a large towel and leave it to lie for 20-30 minutes.
  • For a more comfortable combing of long-haired breeds and combating mats, use a spray for wool with m oil.
  • In bodies of water where swimming is prohibited, try not to allow dogs to swim in order to avoid the ingestion of hazardous substances along with the water.

A dog’s cushion contains a special oil secreted by the skin. It is essential for healthy coat growth, and too frequent water treatments can wash out this protection, drying out the skin and coat along the way.

Walking the dog in the city

Taking good care of your dog also means taking regular walks in the fresh air. Especially if the pet is large and has a powerful skeleton with the same muscles. Such large breeds require extended walking. And if a few minutes in the air is enough for a small Chihuahua, a German Shepherd will require several hours of attention from its owner.

Try to walk 2-3 times a day for at least 60 minutes. When walking, do not sit on the phone, leave the stick or ball. the dog must move.

  • If you are walking in the city, take a bag with you to clean up after your pet.
  • For small and medium breeds, use a tape measure, with it the dog is under control and is free to do whatever he wants at a distance of 3 to 5 meters. Choose reflective tape measures to prevent passersby from tripping over the leash.
  • Pay attention to how the dog reacts to passers-by, do not let it bark and run up to them, you may encounter an unpredictable reaction, in the city many people are afraid of even the smallest food dogs.
  • The first walks, no need to drag the puppy to explore the world, he may still be afraid to leave the apartment. Stand with him, even near the entrance, try to play and give a little treat. As a rule, large dogs do not touch puppies, so if the puppy shows interest in dogs, you can let him meet (sniff) and play.
  • We advise you to take obedience courses. usually held in parks, on weekends, in a month you will master the basic commands: “to me”, “next to”, “wait”, “sit”, “lie down” and so on. And most importantly, show who is in charge and who needs to be obeyed.
  • Pay attention that the dog does not pick up anything during walks and strictly suppress such attempts. Poison disguised as something edible is often scattered in the city.

What do you need to have to take proper care of your dog? June 1, 2010 | Categories: Care

When buying a dog, we usually think about bowls, leashes and collars, sometimes about clothes and shoes. What else can be useful to a dog owner? Here we tried to compile as complete a list as possible of everything that a caring owner should have at hand.

  • Thermometer in case of illness (or if the dog’s behavior has changed and you want to make sure he has no fever).
  • Syringe (70-100 g) also in case of illness.
  • Hydrogen peroxide, brilliant green to disinfect wounds.
  • Bandage and cotton wool.
  • Boric acid you can wash your dog’s eyes with.
  • Boric alcohol you can use to rinse your dog’s ears.
  • Children’s soluble aspirin is an excellent pain reliever.
  • A special remedy for wasp or bee stings. to relieve pain.
  • Tavegil, suprastin, or another anti-allergenic agent.
  • Veterinarian Recommended Emetic for Your Dog.
  • Adhesive plaster and elastic bandage.
  • Drops or aerosol that will protect your pet from insects (insecticide).
  • Olive or castor oil can help your dog with constipation.
  • Antiseptic cream.

Now in more detail about what you will need even if the dog does not get sick.

  • Special shampoo.
  • Remedy for dogs that get seasick in transport.
  • To trim nails, you need tweezers, curved and straight scissors.
  • Strong and at the same time sufficiently soft tape that can replace the muzzle in an emergency.
  • Comb for wool (depends on the breed).

Basic care

Basic routine care includes checking ears, skin, teeth, anal glands (depending on breed), teeth, claws.

Eye care is easy. If they start to watery, rinse them with a cotton swab dipped in boric acid up to twice a day.

With the ears, everything is a little more complicated. We do not recommend using any medication unless prescribed by your veterinarian. Never insert fingers or sticks deep into your ear.

The stone is removed from the teeth by a veterinarian, and you can remove plaque yourself with a cotton swab and tooth powder.

The skin needs examinations in order to detect wounds, parasites in time and take action.

The nails of mobile dogs do not need to be clipped frequently. Just keep track of their length. it should be medium.

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