home Aquarium Which aquarium is best for the red-eared turtle

Which aquarium is best for the red-eared turtle

Filtration of water

When making a terrarium for a red-eared turtle with your own hands, do not forget about water purification. The health and full development of a pet directly depends on the purity of the water in the aquarium. The fact is that reptiles love to eat food right under water. Because of this, a lot of organic waste enters the water. If the contents of the aquarium are not cleaned, the water will smell and bloom.

Aquarium filter. It does not prevent reptiles from swimming, does not cause stress and works longer than the internal apparatus. Filters used in water quickly clog up.

It is important to fill the turtle tank with water every week, replacing 50% of the volume. The main thing to remember is that the water for replacing or adding to the terrarium for red-eared turtles must be separated.

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Soil and plants

In arranging an aquarium for a red-eared turtle, the presence of soil and plants does not play a particularly important role. Although for the owner of a red-eared reptile, aesthetic appearance can be of great importance.

In the wild, turtles go to land on a gentle slope. Consider this fact when designing an island. It is important to know how to set up your aquarium to keep your reptiles comfortable. Set up a land island with a gentle slope for easy diving and shore exits. Water is poured so that 2/3 of the slope is under water.

If you are concerned about the question: how to equip the terrarium and what soil to choose, then it is better to find out what types of them exist.

  • Large stones. pebbles over 5 cm. Great for terrarium. It is especially important to choose stones without sharp sides so as not to injure the legs and abdomen of the reptile;
  • Small stones. pebbles less than 5 cm. If you arrange the land with such soil, there is a risk of the turtle swallowing stones;
  • Sand is not harmful to the pet’s body. However, it significantly complicates the process of cleaning the aquarium;
  • Artificial stones. plastic and glass are harmful to the health of the reptile;
    Large shells. suitable not only as a bottom decoration, but also saturate the habitat with calcium.

Watch a video about an unusual DIY turtle aquarium.

Don’t know how to make it convenient for a pet and beautifully. combine large pebbles, shells of different sizes and smooth stones.

Plants in a turtle’s home are useless. Don’t waste your time adding live plants to the water. The animal will eat them or just dig them up.

To enhance the design of your aquarium, use wooden driftwood. When installing a wooden exposition in water, it is important to know what it is, how much time it has spent under water. The more driftwood was in the water, the better. And also get artificial seaweed and anchor it firmly on the bottom. Ornamental plants will not be eaten, but will give an interesting look in the aquarium.

DIY red-eared turtle aquarium

When choosing a pet for yourself, it is important to know how to care for it and what to feed it. Be sure to equip and choose a comfortable accommodation. The right aquaterrarium for a red-eared turtle is a guarantee of the health of your beloved pet.

Heat and light mode

To properly equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle, you need to know the rules for heating water and land:

  • The water temperature for comfortable swimming should be in the range of 22 to 28 degrees;
  • In a shady place on land, the air heats up to 23. 25 degrees;
  • A warm “sunny” place on land is heated from 28 to 32;

Best TANKMATES For Pet Turtle (Safe Fish, Another Turtle & )

If the water temperature does not heat up enough, use additional lamps that are installed in the water. It is important to install the devices in places that are hard to reach for reptiles. Otherwise, there is a risk of damage to the electrical wires by shells or teeth. Use a thermometer, lowering the temperature below 20 degrees is harmful to health and leads to the death of a domestic reptile.

Be sure to equip an aquarium for red-eared turtles with an ultraviolet lamp. Captive pets receive little nutrients from the environment. Without sunlight, the body cannot synthesize vitamin D3 and absorb calcium. There is a risk of developing rickets, then the shell will grow crooked and brittle. Choose a lamp labeled UVB or UVA. Never install UVC lamps. The emitted ultraviolet power and light burns the retina of the red-eared turtle’s eyes, making it blind. The ultraviolet lamp is turned on every day for 12 hours during daylight hours. They are made with special mounts for aquariums. The distance from the lamp to the land is 30 cm.

It is recommended to place the equipped aquaterrarium in bright places of the apartment. But avoid direct sunlight to exclude water bloom. Daylight hours should be equal to 10-12 hours. The correct design of the aquarium for the red-eared turtle brings health benefits to the pet and joy for the household.

Reptile Neighborhood

The red-eared turtle lives on land and loves to dwell in the water. She is very demanding on her environment. Therefore, choose aquariums that match the size of the animal, as well as with an exit from the water to land.

Do not bring new household members into terrariums with seasoned reptiles. The animal experiences stress from a change of environment, therefore, it shows aggressiveness. Create a quarantine for 2 months. Newborn turtles should be treated with care, there should be a separate place to stay. Pets of the same size coexist together without harming each other.

Neighborhood of red-eared turtles with aquarium fish in the same aquarium is not allowed. Reptiles can harm or eat fish. The most that can be done is to block a glass wall with small holes between them.

Dwelling dimensions

For full development and a healthy life, a turtle needs a lot of space to swim and stay on land. When buying a cub, you can immediately purchase a large reservoir for growth. It is important to remember how to equip and what size the aquarium should be for an adult. In cramped conditions, the animal feels uncomfortable, the water quickly becomes polluted. The reptile starts to get sick.

Depending on how many centimeters the individual reaches in length, the volume of the reservoir is chosen:

  • Newborns from 3 to 10 cm. tank 50 liters;
  • Grown individuals from 10 to 16 cm. 80 liters;
  • Adult pets from 16 to 25 cm. 150 liters;
  • Large turtles over 25 cm. 200 liters.

To have a red-eared turtle at home, you should follow all the recommendations for arranging the aquaterrarium. Heat land and water so that the animal does not freeze. Illuminate the dwelling 12 hours a day. Do not forget about the necessary ultraviolet light. Fill the aquarium with decor. And the main thing is not to forget that the reptile is growing. Fulfillment of all conditions will provide the pet with a comfortable home, which will allow him to live a long and healthy life.

Do-it-yourself beautiful terrarium for turtles.

Ultraviolet lighting

The main principle of keeping turtles in captivity is to create a natural environment. In nature, turtles love to bask in the sun, so in an artificial reservoir you will need:

  • An incandescent light bulb is placed over land to achieve a temperature of 23-28C. In the dark, the lights are turned off.
  • The most significant aspect in the maintenance of red-eared turtles is considered to be ultraviolet light, with the help of which reptiles absorb calcium, which is necessary for the strength of the shell. In terrariums, UV lamps should be installed at a distance of at least 30 cm from the soil. Duration of daylight hours. 12 hours.

DIY turtle aquarium: master class

First, determine the dimensions of the aquarium, then calculate the length and width of the individual glasses (for the usual rectangular version, you will need 5 pieces). Cut out the details for the aquarium. It is better to take the thickness of the glass from 5 mm. To cut it, it is recommended to use a special glass cutter, the measurement accuracy should be with a discrepancy of no more than 1.5 mm.

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After cutting the glass, it is imperative to sand it by removing the sharp edges. It is necessary to grind the edges, especially the corner ones, and not the entire surface of the end. At home, you can work with corundum sandpaper of an average number under a stream of water.

To glue the aquarium, you need silicone, special sealed glue, 96% alcohol, narrow tape. To assemble the glass, you need to spread it out so that the uneven sides are at the top, and perfectly flat sides are at the bottom. The workpieces are arranged in the following order: side, front, side, front. Align the edges joint to joint.

Stick the tape on the glass joints. Before doing this, make sure that the workpieces are attached tightly, and the edge is smooth. Stick the adhesive tape so that with the 1st side, where the bottom will be, it was not glued by 1 cm. Fold the edges of the unfolded aquarium blank. First, attach the side with the tape on the edge. Place this half straight and place the side where there is no tape on top of it. Align it parallel, then lay the bottom on top and align the seams so that there are no distortions.

Degrease the joints with alcohol, fill with silicone (bottom to top). Work seams from edge to edge. When gluing the aquarium, try to fill everything evenly. Remove excess silicone from the bottom and fillet seams. Leave the finished aquarium until it hardens (the silicone sets in about 1. 2 hours). When it dries, apply more layers of silicone to the inner corners of the bottom and walls (remove the tape before that). You can pour water into the finished aquarium and equip it only after a day.

Aquarium decoration

The main principle for choosing decorations is safety. Do not use items made of environmentally hazardous materials, with sharp corners or edges.

The bottom soil should not be very shallow, as turtles can sometimes swallow it. Also, shallow soil is quickly contaminated and poorly cleaned. It is better to use pebbles with a fraction of 5-6 cm.

Green plants can be planted for young turtles. Adults do not need soil, and they can eat or damage plants.

In an aquarium with red-eared turtles, artificial plants made of plastic or silk will be appropriate. They are fixed in the ground with weights. Artificial vines can also be installed on the islands.

To decorate the terrarium, you can use a variety of driftwood, grottoes, unusual stones and other elements. The driftwood should not be fresh, as it will release harmful substances into the water. It is better to take pieces of wood that have been lying in the water of any body of water for a long time. The bark must be removed from them.

Instructions

Take an aquarium glued from sheets of natural or organic glass. Remember that it needs to be roomy enough considering that the turtle grows quickly. Also, keep in mind that the water will have to be changed often, so immediately think about how you will drain the contents of the terrarium. either using hoses, or equipping the bottom with a shut-off valve.

Divide your terrarium aquarium into two zones: water and land. Indeed, in wildlife, the red-eared turtle periodically crawls out of the water. Therefore, across the narrow part of the terrarium aquarium, glue to the side walls or install a horizontal sheet of glass on fixed supports. Its width should be between 1/4 and 1/3 the length of the aquarium.

Secure an inclined glass plate that allows the animal to climb out of the water onto dry land. Please note that the surface of this plate must be rough, otherwise the turtle will simply slide down on it back into the water. It does not hurt to rough the surface of the recreation area as well. The easiest way to do this is to rub them with coarse sandpaper before installing the plates in the aquarium.

Try to correctly determine the overall height of the terrarium and its overland area. It should rise slightly above the surface of the water so that the turtle can dry out. But at the same time, the depth should be sufficient for the turtle to swim and dive freely. Again, keep in mind that the animal will grow rather quickly and that there must be a high enough side over the land part so that the turtle does not accidentally fall over it. In any case, the height of the side above the water level must be at least 20 centimeters.

Choose the sunniest place in your apartment to set up your terrarium. With a lack of sunlight (in winter or during prolonged inclement weather), you will have to irradiate the turtle with an ultraviolet lamp from time to time.

Plant aquatic plants. Then the terrarium will be much more beautiful, and after a while the turtle will begin to eat them.

note!

There are aquariums in which it is absolutely impossible to keep red-eared turtles:

  • Small turtles up to 50-70 liters. They can only be used for temporary housing. If the turtle lives in such a container for a long time, then it develops skin infectious diseases, dystrophy and softening of the shell.
  • Aquariums in which land is made of plastic.
  • Aquariums in which it is impossible to set the desired temperature, as well as ultraviolet and filtration. The absence of all these conditions leads to disease and death of turtles.

Thus, caring for a red-eared turtle, like any other pet, requires some effort. But the terrarium, in which the water is clear, the bottom is picturesque, and the animals are healthy, is a fascinating sight, which is worth the time and effort spent.

The hosts of the Karusel TV channel will tell you how to properly equip a terrarium for a red-eared turtle:

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Health indicators: how to choose a healthy turtle

  • Flip the turtle onto its shell. if the individual is sick, then the legs will simply hang.
  • If you bring your finger to the animal’s head, then it will quickly be drawn into the shell.
  • The nose and eyes must be absolutely clean, without any discharge.
  • Have the courage and look into the mouth of the reptile. there should not be any plaque or wounds with defects. The palate and tongue should be clean, slightly pink.
  • A healthy turtle shouldn’t breathe through its mouth.
  • The carapace should be flawless: there should be no chips along the edge, scratches or stains.

Now you know the general rules for choosing the right turtle. It remains to decide which type is preferable. The most unpretentious are the land (Central Asian) and red-eared turtles.

Red-eared turtle aquariums

Keeping the red-eared turtle requires an aquarium, as the red-eared turtle is a swimming aquatic reptile. But do not rush and buy the first aquarium that comes across, because the red-eared turtle, in addition to water, needs land. On it, this turtle warms up and gets an ultraviolet tan. Drying in the aquarium should be securely fixed, and better glued to the base of the aquarium tank, especially if you are going to keep several red-eared turtles.

The amount of water in a turtle tank is also a very important detail. The turtle moves and swims mostly under water, the turtle can sit on the bottom for a long time, the red-eared turtle under water feels safe. You should not buy a small aquarium in which the turtle will not be able to submerge under water, in addition, the water in a small aquarium quickly deteriorates, starts to smell, and the turtle in such water can get sick.

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Red-eared turtles grow rapidly, and in the first years of life they can grow up to 25 cm! The size of your tank will depend on the size and number of turtles. Remember, the larger the tank, the better for the turtles. For a 13 cm long turtle, an aquarium with a volume of 100 liters or more is required. Fill the tank with water so that the turtle can sit in the water with its head stuck to the surface.

It is very important to ensure that the water is constantly filtered in the aquarium. If the water is dirty, pathogenic bacteria will develop in it, which will negatively affect the health of the turtle. A good filter will also help you minimize your labor. you will spend less time cleaning and cleaning it.

The easiest way to maintain a constant temperature in your aquarium. use a heater that is submerged in water. Such a water heater resembles a long glass tube. These types of heaters are very practical because they already come with a built-in thermostat to keep the temperature at the same level.

If you want to add rocks to the aquarium, they should not have sharp corners that could hurt your turtle. Do not use fine gravel as substrate, as the turtle can swallow it and cause serious health problems such as intestinal obstruction.

How long do red-eared turtles live in an aquarium? At home, they live long enough. at least 30 years. However, for this they need proper care. Males have a long tail, wide at the very base, but females cannot boast of such an impressive tail. It is enough to look at the photo to determine another characteristic feature inherent in males. long claws on the front legs.

It is quite simple to equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle, and such a pet will not bring much trouble. Just do not keep them for more than an hour without water, so that the skin does not dry out. If you start taking them in your arms from a very young age, then they get used to the person and do not bite. You can even have a couple of turtles at home to make them more fun with you.

Turtle aquarium

It is not allowed to keep a water turtle on the floor or in a container of insufficient size and without the necessary equipment, as this leads to its many diseases and death, especially in the cold climate of Russian cities. Turtles can only be kept in aquaterrariums or in glass, plexiglass or plastic aquariums.

You can use a plastic container for laundry, clothes, food. The turtle in such a container is less visible, but it is light, easy to clean and spacious, and most importantly. costs much less.

The shape of the aquarium is only horizontal, the turtles swim mainly in length, not in depth. Aquarium material: glass, non-toxic plastic. It can be indoor or outdoor. The closed one must have a ventilation system.

The total volume of the aquarium, depending on the size of the turtle, can be from 40 to 120 liters. If there are more turtles, then the aquarium is taken larger. In this case, the water in the aquarium is not poured over the entire volume of the aquarium, but about half.

Average dimensions of the aquarium: 70x40x40 (length, width, height), approximately 100 liters of volume. For 1-2 turtles: the length of the tank should be 7 times the length of the shell of the largest turtle, the width of the tank should be about half of its length. For each additional turtle, add about a tenth of the bottom area.

A water heater, an ultraviolet lamp for reptiles (10% UVB), an incandescent lamp over land of 40-60 watts are required. Soil and filter desirable. With the help of a filter in a terrarium with a turtle, it is advisable to create a current or a small waterfall so that the water is better enriched with oxygen, then the water quality will increase dramatically.

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The water should be about half the aquarium. The height of the water can be 2-3 times the length of the turtle, for large waters it can be more. The water level should be twice the length of the smallest turtle’s shell, if there are several. The water should be clean and warm enough (about 26-32 ° C) depending on the needs of the turtle species. Moderately chlorinated tap water is not harmful to turtles, although small turtles may rub their eyes for the first time after changing water. The water should be changed as it gets dirty, but at least 1.2 times a month.

The land to water ratio should be 20% to 80%. The shore should be such that the turtle can easily climb on it, but at the same time it cannot jump out of the terrarium. The height from the coast to the edge of the terrarium should be more than 20-30 cm.The land or islet should be so large that all animals can simultaneously accommodate on it, and the weak ones should not be forced out and not collide into the water.

Aquarium turtles are prominent representatives of one of the four existing orders of reptiles. They cannot be confused with any other animals because of their extraordinary appearance. All species of aquarium turtles, as well as other representatives, wear strong protection. a horny or leather shell. To keep a turtle at home, you need to choose only those that live in freshwater bodies.

swamp turtle

This species is not often found in aquatic turtle aquariums. Much more often compatriots choose “overseas friends” than an inhabitant of the reservoirs of our country. The swamp turtle is aquatic, which means it needs an aquarium of water. The nutrition of such an animal deserves great attention. The aquatic species is a pronounced predator, therefore it cannot eat only greens, from such food it will weaken and get sick.

You should not let your pet go for an independent walk around the house or apartment. After such walks, the animal is very often sick due to drafts in the house. And in the dark, you can easily step on a turtle. You cannot keep several turtles of different sizes in one terrarium.

The volume of the aquarium for the red-eared turtle

You need to choose an aquarium based on the size of your red-eared pet or (if you have a young individual) take it right away “for growth.” Keep in mind. that in a few years a tiny turtle the size of a peach bone will turn into an adult the size of a saucer.

The optimal size of the aquarium depending on the size of the turtle:

  • babies from 3 to 10 cm. 50 liters;
  • young turtles from 10 to 16 cm. 80 liters;
  • large turtles from 17 to 25 cm. 150 liters;
  • adult animals. from 150 liters.

In order to prevent the escaping of the red-eared, the top of the aquaterrarium should be closed with a lid that allows air to pass through well

at home

When buying a turtle, be prepared for the fact that you will need to take care of it for 30-40 years, because this is how long these pets live in captivity on average. The first thing you should take care of is your aquarium equipment. Its volume should not be less than 100 liters for one turtle, if there are more of them, then the capacity should increase in direct proportion. It is necessary to acquire individuals of different sexes, but the same age. With all this, it must be borne in mind that they need both water and land, since it is there that they like to bask in the sun. Therefore, do not forget to arrange a small island paradise for your pets. By the way, the ascent to land should start from the very bottom of the aquarium. For proper development, you will need a regular incandescent lamp and an ultraviolet lamp. The second is needed so that the turtle does not get sick and develop correctly. At first glance, it may seem that a red-eared turtle at home can give you a lot of difficulties, but this is not entirely true, soon you will get used to everything.

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How to equip a turtles home?

After we figured out the water temperature and the size of the aquarium, it is necessary to arrange everything there correctly. This is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. First, create dry land. This can be done in several ways, for example, pouring a small handful of special stones. It is desirable that there are no sharp edges, so the animal cannot get hurt. Another solution. install the glass at an angle of 45 degrees and glue it with a non-toxic sealant. Pour stones on the glass, and so that they do not roll down, make a special side. You also need to decide if there will be live plants in the aquarium. In principle, everything that the animal finds edible will be immediately consumed in the daily diet, the rest of the turtle will simply vomit. In part, the issue is solved by buying ornamental plants or driftwood, which are securely attached to the bottom. If you do everything right, then red-eared turtles will not be a problem for you.

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What else can you install in the aquarium with your own hands?

Red-eared turtles should not be kept with aquarium fish, as they will be eaten. Occasionally, aquarists make compromises by enclosing the aquarium with vertical glass with water holes. There should be no large gaps to prevent the turtles from crawling into another part of the tank. It turns out that ½ part of the nursery is in the possession of reptiles, and the second is “fish”. It is in it with your own hand that you can plant plants for fish, special soil and decorations.

Turtle growth is fast, in the first year of life they reach a size of 22-25 cm, so take care of a large capacity for living in advance. The interior of the “house” should contain safe decorations: medium-sized pebbles (so that the animal does not swallow it), it is not safe to place gravel. Pre-treated driftwood, houses, grottoes, caves should be installed in the reservoir. It is undesirable to plant plants. turtles are not averse to feasting on them, although some species are suitable for food.

See the DIY Red Eared Turtle Aquarium.

Aquarium decoration

The main principle for choosing decorations is safety. Do not use items made of environmentally hazardous materials, with sharp corners or edges.

The bottom soil should not be very shallow, as turtles can sometimes swallow it. Also, shallow soil is quickly contaminated and poorly cleaned. It is better to use pebbles with a fraction of 5-6 cm.

For young turtles, you can plant green plants and start fish. Adults do not need soil, and they can eat or damage plants and fish.

In an aquarium with red-eared turtles, artificial plants made of plastic or silk will be appropriate. They are fixed in the ground with weights. Artificial vines can also be installed on the islands.

To decorate the terrarium, you can use a variety of driftwood, grottoes, unusual stones and other elements. The driftwood should not be fresh, as it will release harmful substances into the water. It is better to take pieces of wood that have been lying in the water of any body of water for a long time. The bark must be removed from them.

What is the optimal water temperature?

The temperature of the water in the aquarium must be monitored constantly and carefully. This is due to the following factors:

  • When the water temperature drops, the animal loses appetite, the behavior becomes sluggish, followed by a decrease in immunity, if you do not take action in time, death may occur.
  • Too high water temperature leads to the fact that the pet will spend a lot of time on land, since it will feel uncomfortable in the water, as a result, the rate of its growth process and activity will decrease.

To avoid the described problems, the water temperature in the aquarium must be kept within 22-28 degrees Celsius, the maximum temperature threshold is 30. An aquarium heater with a temperature control function will help in this difficult, and important matter. Optionally, you can install a temperature thermometer for water.

Remember, the optimal temperature regime is the key to the health, vitality and activity of the turtle.

Creating conditions for keeping a red-eared turtle

Consider what conditions must be created for the red-eared turtle so that it delights you for many years in a row. In captivity, with good care, this freshwater species lives for 30-40 years. The aquarium is selected taking into account at least 100 liters / per individual, the thickness of the water layer is at least 40 centimeters. Turtles need both an aquatic environment and a land zone (the ascent to which should begin from the very bottom of the bottom), since they are lovers of soaking up the sun (and at home. in the ultraviolet rays. for the proper development of the turtle and as a prevention of diseases).

Water temperatures for red-eared turtle

Many people dream of adopting a red-eared turtle as an unpretentious pet, but before making a dream come true, you should find out the basic requirements that must be observed in order for a freshwater creature to feel great in a person’s home or office space.

So, what you need to pay attention to:

  • What temperature regime of water to maintain in the aquarium?
  • How to create optimal conditions for keeping your turtle?
  • Rules for keeping the aquarium clean.

Keeping the water clean

In order to purify the water from harmful organic substances, 30-40% of the water in the aquarium should be changed 1-2 times a week, since the habitat of the red-eared turtle becomes polluted rather quickly.

To slow down the process and the rate of water pollution, you can install a filter that is used when keeping aquarium fish.

Important: since the water temperature must be constant, without sudden fluctuations, in order to avoid hypothermia or overheating of the animal, replaceable water (30-40%) should be brought to the same temperature as in the aquarium. In addition, before changing part of the water in the place where the pet is kept, it is necessary to let it settle for 10 days and only then pour it into the aquarium.

If you are the lucky owner of a female red-eared turtle, and she laid and buried eggs in the ground of the aquarium (her future offspring), then the clutch will begin to ripen only if the water is heated to 25 degrees Celsius, and the temperature of the ground is at least 21. Temperature the body of turtles is unstable. it can significantly exceed the temperature of water and air.

You should know that it is not advisable to let the red-eared turtle walk on the floor, as it can get sick from a draft. So, the factors that directly affect the state of her health are proper care, optimal temperature and purity of the aquatic environment, so such an unusual pet is a responsible process.

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