This parameter is used to assess the capacity of the aquarium. The higher the volume, the more fish you can put into the aquarium. With an increase in the internal space of the tank, the maximum size of each individual increases, as well as the number of plants, soil and decorations that will fit in the aquarium.
The large volume of the aquarium makes it easier to maintain the biological balance (biological balance) and the optimal water temperature. But huge models have their drawbacks, among which are bulkiness, high price of the container itself and its maintenance. The more fish, the higher the cost of purchasing feed.
By volume, aquariums are divided into three categories:
- small. up to 50 liters;
- medium. up to 200-300 liters;
- large. from 550 l.
When choosing an aquarium by volume, take into account the number and size of fish that will live in the tank. It is believed that one peaceful fish with a body length of 5-8 cm will require 10-15 liters of water (1 cm. 2 liters). If it is planned to settle larger and more aggressive aquatic inhabitants, then this proportion will change towards an increase in the amount of water per centimeter of body length (1 cm. 5-8 liters for marine fish).
Plants are planted in soil, which also takes up space in the aquarium. The soil layer thickness is 1.5-8 cm depending on the particle size. The optimum thickness is selected based on the type and size of the plants. In most cases, a thickness of 3-7 cm will be sufficient.
The choice of the volume of the aquarium is influenced by the area of the room and the availability of free space in it, as well as the financial capabilities of the aquarist. In particular, the volume of the aquarium should not exceed 2% of the area of the room.
A small aquarium is perfect for a small room or office. In such a container, you can settle small fish. tetras, guppies, sun barbs, dwarf catfish. The main thing is that fish of the same species live in such a house.
Important: There is a widespread belief that a small tank is the best option for children, but this is not the case. The child will not be able to care for the fish due to the difficulty of maintaining the required temperature and biobalance.
The medium-sized dwelling is designed for small and medium-sized animals. Snails and shrimps will feel great in such a vessel. Medium capacity is the best choice for the hobbyist with ample space.
A large aquarium allows you to have large exotic fish. snakeheads, piranhas, catfish, aravans. It is much easier to maintain biobalance in this tank than in a small to medium sized aquarium. A large aquarium is the lot of professional aquarists.
Stand. purchased if there is enough free space in the room.
Cover. protects the aquatic environment of the aquarium from foreign objects and dust, slows down the evaporation of water and the associated increase in the level of humidity in the room. Also, this accessory prevents animals from jumping out of the aquarium and protects them from curious children and cats.
Some heavy lids have hatches to facilitate feeding the fish. Some models are equipped with built-in auto feeders.
Lighting is essential for the normal life of fish and aquatic plants. In addition, the lighting system serves decorative purposes and makes it possible to examine in detail the inhabitants of the aquarium and the decorations. The light wavelength in the fish house should be 470-660 nm (red-orange, violet-blue spectrum).
Compressor. oxygenates the water in the aquarium. Creates optimal conditions for life, since fish do not have enough oxygen dissolved in water or generated by plants of the underwater world. Due to the forced circulation of water, the compressor contributes to an even distribution of temperature in the aquatic environment.
Pump (pump). like the previous device, it is used to enrich water with oxygen. In contrast to the compressor, it is very quiet. Also, the pump supplies water to the filter, creates a waterfall or horizontal flow, pumps out old water.
Filter. designed to purify water from feed residues, fish waste, mechanical particles. Keeps the aquatic environment of the aquarium clean.
Important: when choosing a compressor and filter, pay attention to the capacity, which is measured in liters per hour (l / h). This value is determined by the volume of the vessel. To determine the required compressor performance parameter, multiply the volume of the aquarium by 0.8, and in the case of a filter, this parameter is multiplied by 3-5.
Heater. provides the temperature of the aquatic environment necessary for the normal life of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Some heaters are equipped with thermostats that automatically or manually maintain the optimum temperature in the tank. Better to choose a heater with an automatic thermostat.
Decorations. used to decorate the interior of the aquarium and mask various equipment, such as a compressor. Play the role of shelters and fish houses. Decorations include ships, caves, chests, castles, jugs, driftwood, stones, columns, figurines. Often devoted to a specific topic. antique, medieval, pirate, space.
The background is a picture that is attached to the back of the aquarium. Performs a decorative function, in particular, visually enlarges the inner space of the vessel.
The piston is a high-performance and durable device. Disadvantages: high cost, loud noise during operation. A good choice for large aquariums.
Should You Buy a Long Tank or a Tall Tank?
Diaphragm. cheaper and quieter than a piston compressor. The downside is low power. Suitable for small tanks.
Decorative. performs an aesthetic function. These reservoirs are the most common. Decorative aquariums are divided into several groups:
- common. contains a variety of animals that are not united by a geographic zone or other feature;
- collection. inhabited by fish of the same family;
- species. contains underwater inhabitants of one or more closely related species;
- Dutch. intended for aquatic plants, although it does not exclude the introduction of small fish that do not feed on flora;
- aquaterrarium. serves to demonstrate amphibians and semi-aquatic reptiles, includes not only the aquatic environment, but also islets of land;
- invertebrate aquarium. contains only invertebrates and aquatic plants;
- paludarium. intended for emerging and underwater plants;
- nano-aquarium. a compact vessel, often cubic in shape (freshwater. 5-40 liters, marine. up to 100 liters). Allows you to reproduce the natural habitat as accurately as possible.
Special. designed for solving specific problems, for example, raising fish or setting up experiments on the inhabitants of the aquarium. The special ones include spawning, quarantine-medicinal, breeding, nursery, incubators and other aquariums.
Important: when populating an aquarium with fish, pay attention to their compatibility. This applies not only to the degree of aggressiveness, but also to the size, mobility, temperature requirements and water hardness. Ignoring this rule will lead to conflicts between inhabitants, various diseases and even death of pets. In order not to be mistaken, use the special fish compatibility table.
With equipment. eliminates the need to buy separate accessories and thus makes it possible to use the aquarium immediately after purchase. It is advisable to purchase a tank with a lid, especially when it comes to an original aquarium shape.
Without equipment. all other things being equal, it will be cheaper. Allows you to select accessories based on the individual preferences of the owner of the aquarium and the installation location. For example, the included stand (cabinet) may not fit the style of the interior, or it may not fit into a room cluttered with furniture.
Rectangular is the traditional shape of the aquarium. It is characterized by a relatively low price, ease of maintenance, versatility (good for various types of fish and plants). The rectangular aquarium perfectly matches any interior and accurately conveys all the details of the underwater kingdom. Negative. lack of appeal for some hobbyists due to modest design.
Rectangular aquariums are the most common. These models are chosen by beginners and professional aquarists.
Oval (panoramic). resembles the previous aquarium, but differs in a convex front side (front wall). This design feature has a positive effect on the view, visually increases the volume of the fish dwelling and gives it a spectacular appearance. Disadvantage. high price.
Cubic. a subspecies of a rectangular aquarium with the same depth, height, width. Minus. small volume. Cubic shape is suitable for connoisseurs of original design.
Spherical. a spherical container with a flat base. This model looks very stylish and does not take up much space. Disadvantages: restrictions on volume, distortion of the outlines of the inhabitants of the aquarium, inability to use for bottom fish. It is believed that a spherical aquarium negatively affects the health of animals prone to stress.
Corner. consists of one front and two rear walls, which are connected at an angle of 90 °. Universal solution for office and apartment, saves space. Corner aquariums are available with a front wall of different shapes, which makes it possible to fit this model into any interior style. Disadvantage. poor natural lighting (constant high-quality backlighting is required).
Hexagonal. similar to a rectangular aquarium, but with a triangular front side. Compared to the rectangular model, it provides more comfortable observation of pets. Despite the original look, this model is not suitable for any interior.
Pentahedral. resembles the previous view, but is installed in a corner. Has similar advantages and disadvantages.
Cylindrical. a spectacular shape that allows you to comfortably observe the fish from any side (viewing angle. 360 °). Disadvantages: requires a lot of free space for a circular view, distorts the picture of the underwater world.
Semicircular. half a cylindrical container, has a flat back wall. Unlike the model of the previous form, it can be installed close to the wall, which saves space in the room. The downside of this advantage is that the viewing angle is reduced to 180 °.
Important: a rectangular, oval, cubic aquarium is installed along the wall or in a niche. If the container is supposed to be placed in the center of the room, then it is better to choose a cylindrical, spherical, cubic or hexagonal model. A rectangular aquarium can also be installed in the center of the room.
Freshwater. designed for river fish and plants. These aquariums are most common.
Marine. designed for marine fish and plants. It differs from freshwater in a large volume (from 400 liters), since the inhabitants of the seas are larger than river inhabitants. Disadvantage. high cost and complexity of maintenance (requires special knowledge and skills).
Salty is an intermediate option. Such an aquarium is populated by living creatures that live in fresh and brackish water (salinity up to 1-2%)
If you are a beginner, then, most likely, decide to opt for the smallest option: 30 or 60 liters. But this is fundamentally the wrong approach. The smaller the aquarium, the more difficult it is to debug the biological cleaning system in it. Do not purchase tanks less than 30 liters. If you received such an aquarium as a gift with a flock of fish already inhabited, it is better to immediately move them to a larger house. To calculate the optimal volume, you need to determine how many fish will live in one vessel.
If you have more than three pairs of fish, it is advisable to place them in an aquarium of at least 150 liters.
If possible, take a 250 l tank.
Buy filters, coolers and heaters additionally.
Domestic fish tanks are varied. By design, they are divided into decorative and auxiliary. Auxiliary (or special) aquariums are most often rectangular and low, the water level in them reaches 30-40 centimeters. This volume will be quite enough for a school of fry or for two small individuals.
The choice of decorative models is wider: they are spherical, cylindrical, triangular, angular, hexagonal and others.
In the recent past, all fish tanks were kept only on a metal frame, and therefore were limited to a rectangular shape. Models without a frame came to replace the frame ones. a modern look of the aquarium. They are durable and can withstand high water pressure. True, glass is easy to scratch.
Here are just some of the types of modern frameless aquariums.
- Standard. The simplest model, easy to clean and does not take up much space. The rectangular shape allows for a good view of its inhabitants. Lighting in such aquariums is mounted under glass.
- Angular. It is possible to make according to any parameters so that the aquarium fits perfectly into the corner of the room. Excellent style solution: visually it stretches the space, creating the illusion of volume.
- Cylindrical. It is undesirable to place this multifaceted aquarium close to the wall. Due to the specific shape and refraction of the edges, fish in it can look unnaturally large. It should be centered so that visibility is available from all sides of the cylinder.
- Panoramic. One of the most popular today. The panoramic sight glass increases the viewing angle. you can observe aquatic life from almost any corner of the room. It is this model that we will pay attention to.
Panoramic aquariums: features, varieties, selection and maintenance
The aquarium is a stylish addition to an interior with any design, a panorama of marine life right at your home. However, when buying, it is important to take care not only of the visual component, but also of your pets in order to choose the house that suits them.
Glass or acrylic?
These two materials are equally commonly used in the construction of aquariums. Let’s figure out how they differ, and what is better to choose.
Acrylic tanks are famous for:
- great variety;
- low cost;
The main disadvantage of this material is that acrylic glass is easily scratched, so you need to wipe it very carefully.
Too cheap acrylic can turn yellow over time. In addition, you cannot clean such an aquarium with household chemicals. they worsen the transparency of acrylic.
Glass as a material for an aquarium is very inferior to acrylic. Perhaps its only plus is that the most inexpensive glass tank looks more presentable than cheap acrylic.
Cube Aquarium vs Standard Rectangle Tank: Which One is Better?
When choosing an aquarium, give preference to those made of acrylic. Their seams are durable and protected from leaks, withstand the pressure of 200 liters of water.
Panorama features and benefits
Panoramic aquariums look modern and unusual, resembling a flat TV screen. “Image” hardly stretches or deforms.
A trapezoidal or spherical panoramic aquarium is a win-win option that will perfectly complement both office and home interiors. You can put such a decor element both on a regular cabinet and on a chest of drawers with additional drawers. This solution will make the design much more functional and useful.
The panoramic corner view is perfect for a small room that doesn’t have room for a bulky rectangular tank. Here again, the effect of stretching the space and imitation of its depth will play.
Why is a panoramic aquarium better than a rectangular one:
- panoramic has fewer problems with glass, it does not stretch due to its convex shape;
- such a model takes up much less space and will stylistically fit into any interior;
- a rectangular tank looks old-fashioned, angular and awkward, often causing inconvenience with sharp corners, and panoramic aquariums are much more viable in this regard.
There are different design options for panoramic models with a volume of 100, 120, 150 or 200 liters.
Usually, three separate species are distinguished from panoramic aquariums.
- Arch panoramic. The glass of this model is more curved thanks to the decorative panels on the sides and the convexity of the acrylic.
- Picture. Such a tank is hung or leans against the wall and, indeed, resembles a living picture. The classic version is a rectangular aquarium built into a deep niche. Glass decorated with a frame.
- Table. Such forms are attached to the wall using brackets. This construction requires a very strong wall that can support the weight of a heavy vessel. It is located parallel to the floor and visually resembles a shelf or table.
- without it there will be no necessary lighting and temperature;
- it prevents debris and dust from entering the aquarium;
- water does not evaporate, which allows you to change it less often;
- ensures safety. no fish will jump out of the aquarium to the surface.
You can make the cover yourself, but first you need to calculate and measure the aquarium. Consider cleaning: depending on how you position the lid parts, it may be inconvenient to clean the reservoir afterwards.
The cover material must be moisture resistant and not afraid of high temperatures. You can opt for foamed PVC. this is a proven solution.
The pros and cons of panoramic aquariums are listed in the following video.