Four legs, but not an animal, soul and body, but not a man, there is a feather, but not a bird (riddle)
Krylov bird in peacock feathers
The bird with the most feathers
Feather buds sticking out of the bird’s body during molting.
Large bird of the pheasant family with numerous eye spots on the flight feathers
Transferred. Oblong fleshy outgrowth on the head of some birds; an oblong fold of skin on the head of some amphibians and reptiles; a bunch of feathers growing on the head of some birds
A bird in Brazil, distinguished by the beauty of its feathers
The mythical legless messenger bird resembling a swallow or swift; depicted on the coat of arms with two bunches of feathers instead of legs
“The bird waved its wing, covered the light with one feather” (riddle)
Bird without feathers: search by mask and definition
Total found: 42
Bird feather structure
It is the same for all birds. In ostriches, kiwis, cassowaries and penguins, feathers cover the body evenly. In other species, they grow in rows, leaving empty areas between them. apteria. The growth lines are called pterilia. They are divided into humeral, tail, dorsal, thoracic, femoral, head, etc.
In the structure of the feather, birds emit a quill, a core and a fan. Ochin is the “bare” part of the feather barrel. It is round in section and has a hole at its end. The lower part of the ochin enters a depression in the skin and contains a branch of an artery.
It is followed by a hollow rod that has four faces across. On both sides, fans are attached to it. the hairy parts of the feather. There are two of them, each consists of first and second order barbs (barbs).
A similar principle is observed in the structure of the crown of a tree. The first barbs grow directly from the rod, and barbs are already moving away from them. Second-order barbs have hooks that are attached to adjacent barbs. This structure of the bird’s feather does not allow air to pass through and allows you to push off from it during flight.
Birds. Warm-blooded vertebrates that reproduce by laying eggs. Most of them can fly. Flightless birds lost this opportunity a second time. All members of the class have a beak that is completely devoid of teeth. The main distinguishing feature is the feather cover of the body.
For flights, the birds had to be greatly modified. In the course of evolution, their forelimbs became wings, many vertebrae have grown together, forming a strong frame. Some of their bones are filled with air, giving them extra lightness. Flying birds have a flat bony outgrowth on the sternum. the keel, to which the muscles that lower the wing are attached.
The ability to fly was reflected in body shape, respiratory and digestive systems. The body of birds is streamlined, which reduces friction with air. They are able to cover considerable distances and travel hundreds or even thousands of kilometers. This requires a lot of energy, and an accelerated metabolism helps to get it.
Birds. The most numerous group of higher vertebrates. than 10,600 species are known living today. They have settled in almost all corners of the planet, from solitary oceanic islands to megacities, from deserts and tropics to the interior of Antarctica.
Bird feather structure. Types and meaning of feathers
Birds are often called feathered. Why? These are the only animals on the planet whose body is covered with feathers. Their color and size can be very diverse. There are several types of feathers, each of which performs its own functions. We will talk about the external structure of birds and the structure of feathers in this article.
Feathers grow in birds on all parts of the body; they are absent only on the beak and hind limbs. In some species, for example, American griffins, ostriches, turkeys, the plumage on the neck and head is thin and rare, and sometimes completely absent.
Features of the structure of bird feathers, their appearance and number depend on the specific species and lifestyle of animals. And the color of the covers is largely related to their habitat. Generally, the larger the species, the more feathers it has. So, in swans, their number reaches 25 thousand, in seagulls. up to 6 thousand, in the smallest representatives of the class, hummingbirds, there are about a thousand.
There are no glands on their skin, the only one located at the base of the tail and is called the coccygeal gland. It secretes a special secret that makes feathers more elastic, disinfects and prevents them from sticking together when wet. Animals squeeze it out with their beak and lubricate the plumage several times a day.
The fan of birds is very durable and elastic. It is made up of the protein keratin. The same material as our hair, nails, turtle shells and rhino horns. The general structure of bird feathers is the same, but their elements may differ in appearance and quality. Based on this, outline, flight, downy, threadlike feathers are distinguished.
Contour or cover feathers are basic. They overlap like tiles or fish scales, covering the entire body and giving it a streamlined shape. Flight feathers are more elongated and longer. They are located on the wing and are required when flying.
About a dozen flight feathers are located on the hands of the bird, several dozen are located on the forearm. There are steering elements on the tail. They are involved in changing direction and balancing. In some species, they reach quite large sizes.
The structure of the feathers of birds and their down differs from others, since they are necessary to maintain heat. They have a thin shaft, and their barbs are devoid of hooks and fly in different directions. The core of the fluff is even weaker, and the fan is not pronounced and looks like cotton wool.
On the beak there are thin single feathers, devoid of fans. They look like sparse hairs. These are threadlike feathers or vibrissae that serve for touch.
Color and its meaning
Color is as important as feather structure. For flight, it does not matter, but plays a decisive role for survival and reproduction. The color of the plumage is given by pigments: melanin (brown, yellow, black), carotenoids (yellow, orange, red) and porphyrins (green, red).
In many species, the color matches the environment, masking its host. For example, in steppe and rock inhabitants the plumage is gray, gray, brown. Tropical species have brighter and more varied colors.
In addition, color is important in the social life of birds. So, within the same species and population, the color can differ in animals of different sex, age and status. Males, as a rule, look brighter and pretentious, as they are forced to fight for the attention of females during the mating season.
Beautiful bird with a tufted. blue jay
This bird stands out among all birds with its long blue tail and the same bright blue crest. The habitat of this bright bird of the corvidae family is North America. They live in pairs or small family flocks, but during flights they form large groups.
Birds are distinguished by their ability to make unusual sounds and imitate the voices of various birds, including numerous predators, from whose attacks they suffer. This allows them to warn their relatives about the danger, as well as scare off other predators that have invaded their habitat.
Blue jays do not migrate and are therefore obliged to stock up for the winter. And usually a jay harvests about 3-5 thousand acorns. And an interesting fact. at one time these birds can bring 5 acorns. 2-3 pieces in the goiter, one more in the mouth and one in the beak.
Hoopoe. a bright curse with an interesting beak
How often have we heard the phrase. “Well, you are a hoopoe!”, Which served as a sarcastic perception of you in the eyes of others. However, this can actually turn out to be a valuable compliment, since this bird is actually one of the most bizarre of the birds.
Outwardly, the hoopoe looks awkward. it has a small body with a funny crest on its head and a huge elongated beak. At the same time, he not only flies quickly, but also runs beautifully on the ground. In addition to their gorgeous red tuft, the hoopoes have large black and white striped wings. At the same time, the whole body of the hoopoe itself is covered with red feathers.
The population of these birds in autumn is extensive. They can be seen in Portugal and Finland, China and India, on the African continent and in Siberia. Hoopoes will always prefer to settle in an open area among small trees, rather than choose a large noisy forest. It is especially worth noting this interesting feature. If the hoopoe overtakes danger on the ground, then they take an unusual posture. he presses himself to the ground, spreading his wings wide and holding his beak up.
The most colorful pigeon breed. Crowned pigeon
In the world there are almost eight hundred breeds of pigeons, one stealing the other. over, the cost of some of them reaches tens of thousands of dollars. I will tell you about one of the genera of the family of pigeons. the crowned pigeon. This genus includes three types of these beautiful birds. fan-shaped, chestnut and blue-crested, which, despite some external differences, have a single similarity. a bright and colorful headdress from a fan-shaped crest.
The habitat of these birds is New Guinea. Most often they settle in swampy forests of sago palms and keep in pairs or small groups. The method of luring females looks especially interesting for us. the males literally beat the drum, because this is how we hear the sounds pouring from the beaks of pigeons.
The fan-bearing crowned pigeon is considered the most beautiful in this genus. This individual has a chestnut-blue color of the lower part of the body, slate-blue tones of the upper part and a beautiful tuft on the head, consisting of fluffy feathers, at the ends of which there are small triangular tops.
The next blue-crested crowned pigeon in the genus got its name because of its color, which, unlike the fan-bearing one, is almost completely blue. Only on the wings can you see blotches of dark chestnut color. These pigeons have a crest on the head without clear peaks and ends in a chaotic manner.
And the last representative of the genus is the chestnut-breasted crowned pigeon. As the name of the bird itself implies, it has a chestnut-brown color on the chest. Otherwise, it is similar to a blue-crested pigeon.
The most beautiful feathered planets
05/05/2015 by userge // Heading The world of nature // Comments: 4
While surfing the Internet, I came across a photo of one interesting bird. She just shocked me with her colorful plumage, which aroused admiration and charged with positive. And in this article I will talk about the brightest birds on Earth.
After some searches, I found out its name. it was Gould’s finch and after that I decided to find a dozen more positive birds and make a rating of the most. the most. over, such feathered beauties as owls, falcons or eagles will not be included in the rating due to their excessive predatory disposition, which does not correspond to the concepts of positive. Let’s start with this first representative of the birds, which so sunk into my soul.
The reddest bird Northern Cardinal
This beautiful medium-sized songbird of the passerine family was discovered in the middle of the 19th century in both parts of America. And now the representation of the northern cardinals has 19 varieties. Their distinctive feature is a sparkling dark red color on the body, a black mask on the eyes and a bright coral-colored beak.
Most often, this bird can be found in the southern parts of Canada, in the eastern states of the United States and in Mexico. This bird, unlike most relatives, does not shy away from people. And very often you can hear their song variety near the houses. It is the bright singing style that distinguishes them from all other representatives of birds.
In the Northern Cardinal, one whistle is used to scare away other males from their territory. The other is used to attract females. And with the help of the third, they search for their mate in the dark.
Interesting fact. It is this bird that is the official symbol in as many as seven American states.
Guldova amadina. bright and beautiful
This species of bird was named after the wife of the English animal painter John Gould, who discovered this bright bird during his travels in Australia in the middle of the 19th century. These birds belong to the family of finch weavers and because of their variegated color, some call them “Google” (Google search engine is known for its variegated colors).
This type of bird has such a variety of plumage species and has two or three types of head coloring that it is simply impossible for ornithologists to distinguish the subspecies of these birds. over, in this they are “helped” by the birds themselves, who mate freely, not paying attention to the color variations of their partners.
Rainbow toucan bird with “pleasing beak
This colorful bird is found in the Central American continents and is the largest specimen of the toucan family. She has a black iridescent plumage with a bright yellow color on her chest and cheeks. However, such a “bright face” distinguishes this bird from other representatives of birds, and an unusually large and beautiful beak of a green-red tide. This toucan beak is so huge that it takes up a third of the bird’s entire body.
Another interesting feature of rainbow toucans is that they do not like to fly and often move by jumping through tree branches. These birds usually live in small flocks of 5-10 individuals in tree hollows. And an interesting fact. because of their large beak, in order to save space in small hollows, toucans sleep, hiding their beak under the wing of a neighbor.
Due to its unusual color and beak shape, as well as due to its good intelligence, this bird is easily tamed and can be easily found in captivity as pets.
TOP 10 brightest and most beautiful birds. Golden pheasant. a symbol of dignitaries in ancient China
The homeland of this most colorful representative of the pheasant family is the high mountainous part of subtropical China. And the most favorite place for their settlement are bamboo thickets near the foot of the mountains. In the wild, most often they are used to living alone or in small groups.
Now this bird is one of the most popular in pheasant breeding. And they got such their popularity due to the beautiful wide crest, long mantle collar and bright tail, which consists of 18 tail feathers. Such a bright color and beautiful plumage allowed the golden pheasant to rightfully bear the title of one of the most beautiful birds.
Interesting fact. Despite the fact that these birds can fly when danger arises, they prefer to flee and only in extreme cases fly up to branches.
Which bird has the most feathers
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Which bird has the most feathers?
The swan has over 25,000, while the duck has. 12,000, and a seagull. Total 6000.
Random interesting fact from the Great Encyclopedia:
Why animals love salt?
The passion for salty food in both humans and animals is one of the most interesting mysteries of wildlife. We know that for thousands of years man has valued salt and used it to prepare food. In ancient Mexico, salt was considered such an important product that every year a beautiful girl was sacrificed to the salt god.
Today, there are examples when a prisoner in a prison, who was brought food without a grain of salt in it, began to go crazy from its lack. The fluid circulating in our body is a salt solution. Since our body in various ways secretes a certain amount of moisture from itself, along with which the body loses salt, these losses must be compensated.
Salt reserves on Earth are distributed in such a way that a huge amount is contained in ocean water, while on land its reserves are relatively small.
Plants contain a small amount of salt, and it is washed out of the soil by rains into rivers and further into the seas and oceans. Animals. Land dwellers, however, were once descended from marine life. The composition of the juices of their bodies is the same as that of their ancestors, and they look like sea water!
See another random interesting fact of the Great Encyclopedia.
See other articles in the Great Encyclopedia section. Questions for quiz and self-education.
Read and write helpful comments on this article.
What does it look like
The plumage of the bird is distinguished by an unusually attractive appearance:
- On the head there is, although a small, but very noticeable tuft of black color, and on the forehead and on the crown of the head, an attractive grayish-white ornament.
- The back of the neck, as well as the back of the head, are painted in beige and pink tones, while there are darker shades on the chest and abdomen.
- The central part of the throat is lighter, almost white, and on the sides, in the direction from the mandible, there are black stripes.
- The forearms are distinguished by a bright azure hue, which bears a resemblance to small mirrors. At the same time, they are crossed across by numerous black lines.
- The wings are painted in pale ocher tones, and their tips are black.
- The upper tail has a white plumage mixed with black tones, while the tail is small and straight cut.
In the hatched chicks, the plumage color is not as contrasting and not as variegated as in adult birds.
The plumage is fluffy, but loose. The head is relatively large, and the beak, although short, is quite sharp. The fact that the upper beak is somewhat large is striking. The legs are relatively long, with tenacious toes and small, but sharp claws. Sex differences are not clearly expressed and consist only in the fact that males are somewhat larger in size.
Despite such a bright plumage, as well as a daytime lifestyle, the jay is not so easy to meet in nature. These birds are rather shy, and therefore very cautious. They instantly react to the slightest movements and rustles, hiding in dense thickets. At the same time, with their shouts, they notify their relatives of the possible danger. Jays make similar sounds until the dangerous object disappears from their field of vision. For such vigilance, these birds are often called forest guards.
These birds do not differ in unique natural vocal data, so their singing consists of primitive whistling, clicking, gurgling and other, unattractive sounds. Despite such vocal data, jays easily repeat the sounds of other birds living in the forest, and include these sounds in their concerts. If they live not far from the countryside, then they easily repeat the bleating of sheep, meowing of cats, barking of dogs, knocking of axes, creaking of doors and others. When kept in captivity, jays are able to repeat individual phrases uttered by humans. It should be noted that they repeat not only individual phrases, but also their intonations.
Their livelihoods are associated with the constant search for food. These birds are mainly found in the crowns of trees, giving preference to middle and higher tiers: they very rarely sink to the ground or fly over impressive distances. When a jay flies in an open space, it seems that its movements are somewhat awkward, and the flight itself is quite slow. In fact, the bird saves its energy by alternating the flapping of its wings with gliding.
As a rule, jays mainly live in pairs, with some species forming pairs for life. Small groups, numbering up to 3 dozen individuals, are formed only with the onset of cold weather, after raising their offspring. When jays hide in groups of trees, they lose much less heat. Depending on the species, jays are either nomadic or sedentary. These are birds that easily adapt to different habitats, and the presence of intelligence and ingenuity allows jays to feel great even in not too comfortable conditions.
The quick wits of jays allows them to get rid of parasites, and in a very unusual way. The jay is looking for an anthill, after which it begins to stomp on it, or maybe just sit on it. The ants immediately begin to attack the bird, spraying poisonous acid on its body. When this secret hits the feathers, it penetrates deeper, killing the parasites that annoy the bird. Bird watchers use a special term to describe this process, “anting.”.
Jays differ in that they have a fairly beautiful bright plumage, comparable to the outfit of some species of exotic birds. In addition, jays are able to imitate various sounds and can easily compete with many other birds that can imitate all kinds of sounds. Lifestyle and behavior are of particular interest, as they are more often heard and less often seen.
This bird cannot be called small, since its size is almost 2 times the size of a starling, while its body length is almost 0.4 meters, with a wingspan of almost half a meter. The mass of these birds is no more than 200 grams. In flight, the jay looks slightly larger compared to when she sits quietly on a branch.
How many jays live
Being in natural conditions, jays live on average about 6 years, but under favorable conditions, when there is enough food and comfortable climatic conditions, jays can live 3 times longer. If these birds are removed from the nest at an early age, then they can be easily tamed. Providing comfortable living conditions in captivity, jays are able to please others for 20 years.