home Birds Which Birds Eat Rowan in Autumn

Which Birds Eat Rowan in Autumn

Bird with a tuft on its head hoopoe: description, photo

The hoopoe also belongs to the species of birds with a beautiful tuft. The size of this bird is almost the same as waxwings. The long, curved beak of the hoopoe reaches 4-6 cm in length.

What does it look like?

  • Nature gave the hoopoe a bright color: the bird has a reddish back, black wings and tail are decorated with white stripes. But the main decoration of the bird is the crest.
  • It is colored red. There is a black border on the crest. When the bird is calm, the tuft is folded. In other cases, he proudly towers over the head of the bird.
which, birds, rowan, autumn

Bird with a tuft on its head hoopoe: description

  • The habitat of the hoopoe is Siberia, Transbaikalia, the Far East. Birds settle on open plains or in forest-steppe. The bird runs fast on the ground.
  • When the hoopoe is in danger, it presses itself to the surface of the earth. At the same time, the wings of the bird are spread, and the beak of the hoopoe threateningly raises up.

Where does the hoopoe live

  • Insects are included in the diet of the hoopoe. The bird can even eat small reptiles (young lizards, snakes).
  • The dense thickets become the place where birds nest. The droppings left on nesting sites have such an unpleasant odor that in itself it becomes protection from enemies.
  • The female usually hatches 3-8 eggs, from which chicks hatch after 2 weeks. The chicks that flew out of the nest are under the care of their parents for a long time.

How the hoopoe breeds chicks

Waxwing

These birds eat different food in winter: vegetable, insects, which they manage to catch right during the flight. Imagine how brutal raids are exposed to rowan trees. After several dozen individuals arrive at the tree, it is impossible to find a single whole berry on it. They can literally destroy the entire crop.

One gets the impression that the berries have been torn apart on purpose. The waxworms that peck at the fruits of the tree are always quite hasty and sloppy, therefore, after their raid, it is easy to determine who ate the berries. chewed remnants remain under the mountain ash. This type of bird cannot completely digest the fruits of mountain ash, so they only target seeds.

The waxwing is not a very large bird, the plumage of which is characterized by gray-pink flowers. The feathers on the wings have a completely different color. yellow, which combines with white and forms stripes. On these stripes, you will notice a reddish tint in the form of strokes. On the tail, more precisely at its very edge, you can see a strip of bright yellow hue, and on the head. a bizarre tuft of pink color.

Despite the fact that in winter the crossbill feeds on the seeds of trees from the spruce family, they are not at all opposed to pecking at the mountain ash, which they also like very much. When crossbills arrive and persecute a tree, it becomes immediately clear who they are. the birds are so lazy that they will not try to get seeds for themselves. They eat the upper soft and sweet part of the fruit. After themselves, they can leave only chewed fruits, the most juicy part of which is destroyed.

Crossbones are representatives of the sparrow family, so they are not too large in body size. By the type of physique, they are more knocked down, but their tail is divided into 2 parts at the very end. Females have gray-green feathers on the sternum, in contrast to males, which boast red-crimson feathers. The wings and tail of such a bird are made in a gray tone. Thanks to such a colorful appearance, it is quite easy to recognize them among other birds.

Among those who like to spoil the mountain ash, the pike can also be distinguished. This bird arrives in our region only for the winter, around November. They build their nests closer to forest areas or near water bodies. To distinguish them from other birds simply thanks to the unique whistle that they emit.

Shchurs literally destroy the fruits of mountain ash: they love to eat not only the pulp, but also the seeds of the fruit. Despite this, these birds help the tree to reproduce. In the crown of rowan, the birds are quite comfortable, so they often flock to the trees, endangering the harvest. They eat seeds from berries, leaving chewed and empty fruits.

Bird with a tufted head oatmeal-Remez: description, photo

  • Consider another representative of the crested birds. This oatmeal, which resembles a sparrow in appearance. The size of the bird is 15 cm, and the weight is only 16-20 g.
  • The bird is reddish-brown. There are white and red stripes on the body. The crest of this bird is small, but in males it is larger than in females. Thanks to a short, strong beak, the bird is able to clean grains easily.
  • Oatmeal does not immediately feed the chicks dry food. Before feeding, she keeps food in her beak for a while, soaking.
  • Oatmeal loves open spaces in the north of the country, mainly in the steppe regions (Siberia, the Far East).
  • In summer it settles in swamps where bushes grow, also chooses swampy river valleys.
  • With the onset of cold weather, birds are forced to fly to a warmer climatic zone. These are areas of East Asia.

Tufted Bird: Remez Bunting

What eats?

  • The main food of oatmeal is insects. The bird eats crops, berries.

Oatmeal hides the nest well from uninvited guests on the ground, in a depression. Sometimes a bunting nest can be seen on a bush. It looks like a bowl, which birds “build” from stalks and leaves of cereals. The bedding for the nest is moss, lichen, horsehair, animal hair. There are usually 4-5 eggs in a clutch. Oatmeal eggshells are white or gray. There are brown specks. Chicks appear two weeks after the start of hatching.

What does oatmeal look like?

A bird with a tufted jay on its head: description, photo

Jay. also refers to crested birds that remain to winter in Russia. The body length of this bird reaches 15 cm. The weight of an adult is only 200-250 g. The bird has a reddish-brown plumage. In the shoulder area, the plumage is bright blue, “crossed out” with black stripes. The jay has a long, black tail, and the upper tail is white.

A bird with a tufted head jay

  • Insects, even large beetles, form the basis of the jay’s diet. The bird copes with their dense shell with the help of a curved beak.
  • The jay will not refuse from small rodents, lizards, frogs. In winter, acorns, berries serve as food for birds.

Where the jay lives

  • For nesting, jays choose deciduous forests, areas with shrubs. They nest in old hollows or find secluded places in the crown of trees.
  • There are usually 5-10 eggs in a clutch. The shell is greenish, light yellow.

Major pests

Heat-loving birds fly away to the south in autumn, and in return birds fly, which are used to living in northern latitudes. Among the feathered “tourists” malicious pests are Bullfinches, Blackbird-fieldfare, Wormstel, Klesty, Shchury.

Among the permanent inhabitants, the titmouse eats mountain ash in the cold season. Other city dwellers. Gray Crow, Jay, Dove, Hazelnut are not averse to feasting on berries when nothing else can be found.

Birds not only pest, but also help spread rowan seeds throughout the district. Birds such as thrush and waxwing eat berries whole, their stomachs are not able to digest seeds.

The pulp is processed with gastric juice, the seeds are steamed, increase in volume and come out already fully prepared for germination.

Waxwing and blackbirds eat mountain ash “culturally”. They arrive in a flock, which may consist of 100 heads, sit on branches so that they do not break.

Starlings, pecking rowan in autumn, act quite differently, plant on branches so that they break. Let’s consider some species of birds in more detail to know the enemy by sight.

  • They are quite widespread. The birds themselves are medium-sized, slightly larger than a sparrow.
  • Weight is 35 g. However, these representatives are distinguished by a strong physique.
  • This breed of birds is characterized by sexual dimorphism. In bullfinches, the chest part of the body stands out. In females it has a pink-gray color, in males it is purple.
  • The head of the bullfinch is painted black, it seems that the bird is wearing a hat. Feathers under and above the tail are white. Black and white stripes are evenly distributed on the wings, which gives the bird a festive look.

The bullfinch in winter feeds mainly when the flock flies up to the tree. The males let the females pass forward, allowing them to choose the most juicy fruits, and then start the meal themselves.

Bullfinches absorb only seeds without touching the pulp. After their meal, berries remain on the ground and on the tree, at the sight of which one gets the impression that they were chewed and then spat out.

In winter, you can often see empty rowan branches at the time when they should be full of fruits. This is because the fruits of this tree are the favorite food of many birds.

For bullfinches in winter, mountain ash is the main delicacy, so they gather on such trees in large flocks. Males first let females pass so that they can select the ripe and sweetest berries for themselves. As soon as the females eat, the males replace them and continue to peck the fruits.

These birds are not interested in eating the entire fruit completely. The greatest delicacy for them is the seeds of rowan fruits, so they eat them up, and the pulp is left practically intact. However, the berry, the seeds of which were eaten by the bullfinch, looks like someone has already experienced it.

It is easy to recognize a bullfinch. it is a small bird with black heads and a purple or pink-gray color of the sternum. Their wings are black and white, and there are blotches of white above the tail.

Winter bird with a tufted head. waxwing: description, photo

The size of an adult individual reaches 20 cm. The bulk of the plumage is gray-pink. The wings are black with yellow, white stripes, on which red strokes are clearly visible. A yellow edging is stretched along the edge of the tail, and a pretty pink tuft is located on the head.

The waxwing mainly feeds on plant berries, but it also eats insects, which it catches right on the fly. A flock of waxwings can destroy the rowan crop in your garden. Not a single intact berry remains on the trees after a meal. As if someone tore them apart. The waxwing eats hastily. In addition to rowan fruits, they can also enjoy elderberry and viburnum. So do not be surprised if these berries are bitten in the garden.

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Crossbones also belong to the order of passerines. They are nomadic birds. The length of the body reaches 20 cm. The constitution is knocked down, the tail is bifurcated at the tip. The head is large in size, with a cruciform beak, curved at the ends. They are characterized by sexual dimorphism. The plumage on the breast in females is green-gray, and in males. raspberry-red.

If you have no idea who eats your mountain ash in winter, it might be schur. The bird comes from northern countries to our winter quarters. They often appear at the end of November. They settle mainly near water bodies, in coniferous forests. They settle near water bodies, since K. They love to swim, even in spite of severe frosts. They belong to the family of finches.

The body size of the bird is about 22 cm. The beak is thick and shortened. The bird’s weight ranges from 50 to 65 g. There are practically no black colors in the color, instead, dark gray and red tones prevail. The color of the feathers is somewhat reminiscent of a bullfinch and crossbill.

Shchur is not just a destroyer of rowan fruits, it helps them spread over long and short distances. In the crown of a tall tree, birds feel at ease. If you cannot determine which birds have flown to your tree, then the pike can also be distinguished by the characteristic whistle.

  • Waxwing is a spectacular crested representative of winter birds. Not very large. The body length reaches 15-18 cm.The maximum weight of this bird is 70 grams.
  • The brownish-gray color of the plumage and red spots distinguish the birds against the background of more modestly colored relatives. Waxwing on the wings, black plumage on the tail, head and neck. White and yellow stripes are clearly visible on a black background.

You can meet waxwing in the warm season in Siberia, in the northern regions (taiga, forest-tundra). The coming cold weather forces these birds to wander to more southern regions, therefore, in winter, residents of cities and villages of the Moscow region, Crimea, the Caucasus, Central Asia can watch the waxwings.

You can meet waxwing in the warm season in Siberia, in the northern regions (taiga, forest-tundra).

  • In the diet, waxwings in the summer are mainly insects. However, birds supplement it with seeds of cones, birch buds.
  • In winter, the waxwing, like many other species of birds, is forced to change its diet: at this time, the fruits of mountain ash, hawthorn, and wild rose become food for the bird. The birds usually swallow them whole, and the fruits do not always have time to be digested in the stomach.

What the waxwing eats

  • The waxwing can get drunk after eating fermented fruits. This also happens in the spring, when birds begin to feed on tree sap (maple, etc.).
  • After such “feeding” birds may behave inadequately. They can be aggressive towards relatives, animals, which leads to injury and even death.

Can waxwings be drunk

How chicks are bred?

  • Pieces of moss, lichens, dry twigs of grass. all this becomes a building material for the construction of a nest. Waxwings use feathers and down as bedding. Having found a mate for himself, the gentleman treats the female with berries.
  • In a clutch, waxwings are usually 3-7 eggs. Eggs can be gray or purple in color. There are specks on the shell. On the 14th day of incubation, chicks appear in the nest, which will become independent and capable of making short flights after two weeks
  • Young waxwings join the flocks of birds. The number of individuals in such flocks is 5 or 30 birds.

The waxwing is popularly considered a “beauty-bird” that cannot sing, but only chirps and whistles, issuing characteristic trills. “swiririri.”. Flocks of waxwings, ornate crested birds, always attract the attention of people in cities and in the countryside. These short-legged birds are slightly smaller than a starling.

Their tops are decorated with large pink crests. The body (about 15. 18 cm long) is covered with pinkish-gray plumage. It is brownish-gray with red plumage, from a distance it looks pinkish-gray. On black wings, stripes of yellow and white are clearly visible. The tail, throat and stripe near the eyes are black. The tail is surrounded by a yellow stripe, the wings are decorated with a narrow white stripe. Up close, you can see the red tips of the flight feathers.

The place of summer habitat and nesting of waxwings is the entire taiga zone of Russia, including the forest-tundra. These are conifers, mixed forests and felling areas of the northern territory of the country. Most often, waxwings are found in those places where spruces, birches and pines grow. A special subspecies nests in the Altai mountains. By June, waxwings return to their nesting sites.

They build their nests at different tree heights. The nest is made from the building material that is always nearby. These are dry twigs, grass stalks, moss and lichen. The entire structure (more than 20 cm in diameter and about 10 cm in height) is lined with soft feathers and down inside. In a clutch of three to seven ash-blue or gray-purple eggs with gray specks and black specks.

Waxwings on a tree

What birds eat mountain ash in winter. Thrush-fieldfare

Unlike the previous rowan eater, the field thrush is quite large in size:

  • The length of his body is about 30 cm;
  • The bird weighs almost 130 g;
  • The color is dominated by gray shades, the belly and the lower part of the tail feathers are cream, the breast is dotted with black and gray-brown spots.

Fieldfarers settle in whole colonies, unlike their relatives. Active, rather aggressive. They often attack predators in flocks, driving them away from their nests. Fieldfare can eat plant and animal food. Rowan remains their favorite delicacy. They fly in a flock on a tree, making chirping sounds.

Major pests

Heat-loving birds fly away to the south in autumn, and in return birds fly, which are used to living in northern latitudes. Among the feathered “tourists” malicious pests are Bullfinches, Blackbird-fieldfare, Wormstel, Klesty, Shchury.

Among the permanent inhabitants, the titmouse eats mountain ash in the cold season. Other city dwellers. Gray Crow, Jay, Dove, Hazelnut are not averse to feasting on berries when nothing else can be found.

When defecating, the birds spread seeds in the area where they are, thereby increasing the number of fruit trees. Passage through the digestive tract of the bird increases the germination rate.

The pulp is processed with gastric juice, the seeds are steamed, increase in volume and come out already fully prepared for germination.

Waxwing and blackbirds eat mountain ash “culturally”. They arrive in a flock, which may consist of 100 heads, sit on branches so that they do not break.

Starlings, pecking rowan in autumn, act quite differently, plant on branches so that they break. Let’s consider some species of birds in more detail to know the enemy by sight.

Waxwing

The size of an adult individual reaches 20 cm. The bulk of the plumage is gray-pink. The wings are black with yellow, white stripes, on which red strokes are clearly visible. A yellow edging is stretched along the edge of the tail, and a pretty pink tuft is located on the head.

The waxwing mainly feeds on plant berries, but it also eats insects, which it catches right on the fly. A flock of waxwings can destroy the rowan crop in your garden. Not a single intact berry remains on the trees after a meal. As if someone tore them apart.

The waxwing eats hastily. In addition to rowan fruits, they can also enjoy elderberry and viburnum. So do not be surprised if these berries are bitten in the garden.

Thrush-fieldfare

Unlike the previous rowan eater, the field thrush is rather large in size:

  • The length of his body is about 30 cm;
  • The bird weighs almost 130 g;
  • The color is dominated by gray shades, the belly and the lower part of the tail feathers are cream, the breast is dotted with black and gray-brown spots.

Fieldfarers settle in whole colonies, unlike their relatives. Active, rather aggressive. They often attack predators in flocks, driving them away from their nests. Fieldfare can eat plant and animal food. Rowan remains their favorite delicacy. They fly in a flock on a tree, making chirping sounds.

Crossbill

Crossbones also belong to the order of passerines. They are nomadic birds. The length of the body reaches 20 cm. The constitution is knocked down, the tail is bifurcated at the tip. The head is large in size, with a cruciform beak, curved at the ends.

They are characterized by sexual dimorphism. The plumage on the breast in females is green-gray, and in males. raspberry-red. On the wings and tail, gray tones are more prevalent. Crossbills hatch chicks in winter, closer to the Christmas holidays. They make their nests in the crown of tall conifers.

The main diet of the crossbill is spruce seeds. A distinctive feature of these birds is laziness. They are not particularly in a hurry to complicate their life by mining hard-to-reach seeds. Having chosen all the most delicious from the top of the fruit, the bird flies to the other. Quite often, crossbills raid mountain ash, leaving behind chewed berries.

If you have no idea who eats your mountain ash in winter, it might be schur. The bird comes from northern countries to our winter quarters. They often appear at the end of November. They settle mainly near water bodies, in coniferous forests. They settle near water bodies, since K. They love to swim, even in spite of severe frosts. They belong to the family of finches.

Shchur is not just a destroyer of rowan fruits, it helps them spread over long and short distances. In the crown of a tall tree, birds feel at ease. If you cannot determine which birds have flown to your tree, then the pike can also be distinguished by the characteristic whistle.

What birds love rowan berries?

Hanging with beautiful bright bunches, rowan branches attract many birds that winter in our area. Fruits ripen in September. If you want them to gain more sweetness, you should wait for the frost. Owners of plots with fruit trees will find it useful to know which birds eat mountain ash in winter.

Bullfinch

If you are tormented by the thought of who feasted on your mountain ash in winter, and red-breasted birds flutter outside the window, then these are bullfinches. They are easy to distinguish from other feathered representatives.

  • They are quite widespread. The birds themselves are medium-sized, slightly larger than a sparrow.
  • Weight is 35 g. However, these representatives are distinguished by a strong physique.
  • This breed of birds is characterized by sexual dimorphism. In bullfinches, the chest part of the body stands out. In females it has a pink-gray color, in males it is purple.
  • The head of the bullfinch is painted black, it seems that the bird is wearing a hat. Feathers under and above the tail are white. Black and white stripes are evenly distributed on the wings, which gives the bird a festive look.

The bullfinch in winter feeds mainly when the flock flies up to the tree. The males let the females pass forward, allowing them to choose the most juicy fruits, and then start the meal themselves.

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Bullfinches absorb only seeds without touching the pulp. After their meal, berries remain on the ground and on the tree, at the sight of which one gets the impression that they were chewed and then spat out.

Many people want to know which birds eat mountain ash in winter, looking at the empty branches. It is rare to see a bird that would not eat tart berries in winter. With the onset of cold weather, nomadic birds fly to us from the North, which eat all the vegetation remaining on the trees.

In winter, even crows do not disdain rowan trees, so you can not be surprised when a flock of gray birds is clung to your tree.

Who eats rowan: bird species

Hanging with beautiful bright bunches, rowan branches attract many birds that winter in our area. Fruits ripen in September. If you want them to gain more sweetness, you should wait for the frost. Owners of plots with fruit trees will find it useful to know which birds eat mountain ash in winter.

Major pests

Heat-loving birds fly away to the south in autumn, and in return birds fly, which are used to living in northern latitudes. Among the feathered “tourists” malicious pests are Bullfinches, Blackbird-fieldfare, Wormstel, Klesty, Shchury.

Among the permanent inhabitants, the titmouse eats mountain ash in the cold season. Other city dwellers. Gray Crow, Jay, Dove, Hazelnut are not averse to feasting on berries when nothing else can be found.

When defecating, the birds spread seeds in the area where they are, thereby increasing the number of fruit trees. Passage through the digestive tract of the bird increases the germination rate.

The pulp is processed with gastric juice, the seeds are steamed, increase in volume and come out already fully prepared for germination.

Waxwing and blackbirds eat mountain ash “culturally”. They arrive in a flock, which may consist of 100 heads, sit on branches so that they do not break.

Starlings, pecking rowan in autumn, act quite differently, plant on branches so that they break. Let’s consider some species of birds in more detail to know the enemy by sight.

Bullfinch

If you are tormented by the thought of who feasted on your mountain ash in winter, and red-breasted birds flutter outside the window, then these are bullfinches. They are easy to distinguish from other feathered representatives.

  • They are quite widespread. The birds themselves are medium-sized, slightly larger than a sparrow.
  • Weight is 35 g. However, these representatives are distinguished by a strong physique.
  • This breed of birds is characterized by sexual dimorphism. In bullfinches, the chest part of the body stands out. In females it has a pink-gray color, in males it is purple.
  • The head of the bullfinch is painted black, it seems that the bird is wearing a hat. Feathers under and above the tail are white. Black and white stripes are evenly distributed on the wings, which gives the bird a festive look.

The bullfinch in winter feeds mainly when the flock flies up to the tree. The males let the females pass forward, allowing them to choose the most juicy fruits, and then start the meal themselves.

Bullfinches absorb only seeds without touching the pulp. After their meal, berries remain on the ground and on the tree, at the sight of which one gets the impression that they were chewed and then spat out.

Crossbill

Crossbones also belong to the order of passerines. They are nomadic birds. The length of the body reaches 20 cm. The constitution is knocked down, the tail is bifurcated at the tip. The head is large in size, with a cruciform beak, curved at the ends. They are characterized by sexual dimorphism. The plumage on the breast is green-gray in females, and crimson-red in males. On the wings and tail, gray tones are more prevalent. Crossbills hatch chicks in winter, closer to the Christmas holidays. They make their nests in the crown of tall conifers.

The main diet of the crossbill is spruce seeds. A distinctive feature of these birds is laziness. They are not particularly in a hurry to complicate their life by mining hard-to-reach seeds. Having selected all the most delicious from the top of the fruit, the bird flies to the other. Quite often, crossbills raid mountain ash, leaving behind chewed berries.

If you have no idea who eats your mountain ash in winter, it might be schur. The bird comes from northern countries to our winter quarters. They often appear at the end of November. They settle mainly near water bodies, in coniferous forests. They settle near water bodies, since K. They love to swim, even in spite of severe frosts. They belong to the family of finches.

The body size of the bird is about 22 cm. The beak is thick and shortened. The bird’s weight ranges from 50 to 65 g. There are practically no black colors in the color, instead, dark gray and red tones prevail. The color of the feathers is somewhat reminiscent of a bullfinch and crossbill.

Shchur is not just a destroyer of rowan fruits, it helps them spread over long and short distances. In the crown of a tall tree, birds feel at ease. If you cannot determine which birds have flown to your tree, then the pike can also be distinguished by the characteristic whistle.

Thrush-fieldfare

Unlike the previous rowan eater, the field thrush is quite large in size:

  • The length of his body is about 30 cm;
  • The bird weighs almost 130 g;
  • The color is dominated by gray shades, the belly and the lower part of the tail feathers are cream, the breast is dotted with black and gray-brown spots.

Fieldfarers settle in whole colonies, unlike their relatives. Active, rather aggressive. They often attack predators in flocks, driving them away from their nests. Fieldfare can eat plant and animal food. Rowan remains their favorite delicacy. They fly in a flock into a tree, making chirping sounds.

Waxwing

The size of an adult individual reaches 20 cm. The bulk of the plumage is gray-pink. The wings are black with yellow, white stripes, on which red strokes are clearly visible. A yellow edging is stretched along the edge of the tail, and a pretty pink tuft is located on the head.

The waxwing mainly feeds on plant berries, but it also eats insects, which it catches right on the fly. A flock of waxwings can destroy the rowan crop in your garden. Not a single intact berry remains on the trees after a meal. As if someone tore them apart. The waxwing eats hastily. In addition to rowan fruits, they can also enjoy elderberry and viburnum. So do not be surprised if these berries are bitten in the garden.

Many people want to know which birds eat mountain ash in winter, looking at the empty branches. It is rare to see a bird that would not eat tart berries in winter. With the onset of cold weather, nomadic birds fly to us from the North, which eat all the vegetation remaining on the trees. In winter, even crows do not disdain rowan trees, so you can not be surprised when a flock of gray birds is clung to your tree.

Who dined on rowan?

Natalya Ryzhova Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences

Nowadays, few people remember that November 12 was called “Sinichkin’s Day”. From that day on, with the arrival of the first cold weather, it was customary to feed the birds and take care of them. The people said: “Feed the birds in the winter. They will serve you in the spring.” Your child is, of course, familiar with different animals. Does he know the birds that live in our forests, parks or city streets? Observing the life of birds, stories about what they use to build nests, how they incubate their chicks, where they winter and what they eat. Sometimes it becomes a discovery not only for a child, but also for an adult city dweller. And if you together want to feed the wintering birds and “open” for them a bird canteen-feeder. For the kid, this will not only be an exciting game, but also a real lesson in kindness.!

On the paths of the Moscow Botanical Garden, you can often see children standing motionless with outstretched palms. On the palms. Seeds, cereals, loaf crumbs. A treat for the nimble and fearless titmice. And how much happiness appears in the eyes of a child when a tiny blue lump sits on his fingers for a while! Urban children rarely communicate with nature and spend more and more time in front of the TV and computer. They even saw many animals living near us only on TV. But observations in nature. It’s so interesting! You just need to want and be able to see everything that is happening around us, learn to discover the secrets of nature. What child doesn’t like secrets? Invite your son or daughter to become a tracker and observe the world around them. Of course, be prepared for the fact that he will not only have answers, but also questions. We hope this article helps answer them.

Bird watching in winter. Are all tits the same?

In winter it is interesting to watch birds. Indeed, at this time of the year, they often experience hunger and fly to a person for help, approach our home. Cheerful flocks of nomadic titmouses can be seen in almost any settlement. They stay with us even in the coldest winters, although in fact they are tits. Forest dwellers. But they are already accustomed to a person and can even fly to our balcony, sit at the window. Who doesn’t know that tits love lard? But this. In winter, when it is impossible to get your favorite food. Insects. In warm weather, smart summer residents lure these birds to the sites. Titmouse. Excellent helpers in the unequal struggle for the harvest with “harmful” beetles and caterpillars. But in winter, in the absence of insects, titmouses eat everything. Not only lard, but also sunflower seeds, cereals, plant seeds.

Take a closer look at a flock of tits: they only at first glance seem similar. Listen to their subtle squeak. Do all tits “speak” the same way? Invite your child to repeat the sounds they hear. Usually different birds gather together. The largest of them is called that. Great tit. There are also small birds. Muscovy, titmouse (black-headed, gray-headed and brown-headed), long-tailed tit, crested or grenadier (brownish bird with a light tufted head).

Most often, a large tit flies to the feeders. We can hear her cheerful “zin-zin” in courtyards and parks. This “business” bird is always wearing a black wide tie. She has a dark stripe on the abdomen, bright white cheeks and a green back. A small Muscovy looks like it. Dark gray, with a wide black bib, white cheeks and a black cap. Its main difference from the great tit. Absence of a macula on the abdomen. Gaichki. Small gray birds with a black cap and the same beard-spot on the throat. Long-tailed tits have very small beaks, their heads are pulled into the shoulders, so they look like small balls with very long tails (the tails are white at the edges, and black on top). The middle of the back is also black, and all other parts of the body. White, only sides and abdomen are slightly pink. They are very beautiful, for which they received another name. Appolonovka. These birds are unusually mobile and only for a short time join the flocks of titmouses. But blue tit with a light blue “cap” on the head and the same wings and tail generally prefer solitude. They are less likely than other birds to arrive in man-equipped bird canteens. These birds are active and fearless, boldly drive away even great tits and nuthatches from the feeders. How do you know if blue tit has visited your feeder? Small holes are visible on the seeds left by them, through which these birds get a tasty center. They, unlike the great tit, cannot gouge hard seeds with their small beak.

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Who visited the spruce? Watching birds and animals with your child

Spruce is loved not only by people, many animals and birds are “friends” with it. By carefully examining the cones scattered under the crowns, you can make sure of this. Invite your child to conduct a special investigation: who exactly feasted on the spruce seeds?

In many parks, squirrels live on the edges of the forest. How to determine the presence of this animal? Check the bumps on the ground. The “squirrel” cone cannot be confused with any other. If you find in the snow only a bare rod, around which scales are scattered, then you can hope to meet this animal. It happens that the cone is not completely eaten, but the main thing. Part of the rod is necessarily exposed. Sometimes a squirrel comes down to the ground and eats a lump that has fallen or dropped by someone else. This is evidenced by the numerous scales and wings of light spruce and pine seeds, which the animal usually neatly folds near the nibbled cone. First, the squirrel, as it were, cuts off a bump with its teeth at the very base, then nibbles the scales and selects the seeds with its tongue.

In winter, under some spruce trees there is a large number of short twigs, as if someone was cutting the branches. This is also the job of the squirrel. If you manage to communicate with this cute and gullible animal. Don’t feed him candy and chips! It seems to you that they are an incredible delicacy, and squirrels get sick and die from this, because in nature they are accustomed to completely different food.!

The cone that a forest mouse or a vole mouse ate can be recognized by the small husks left and characteristic nibbles. They gnaw only the edges. With their sharp teeth, the animals seem to trim the scales, and unlike the squirrel, they do not leave whole scales. If you are sure that there are mice in the park, try to find their burrows and holes under the snow.

There are birds that not only stay in our area for the winter, but also breed chicks in the cold season! It. Elovik crossbills. Older males are immediately visible. They are red, they are always less than yellow-green females and young males. In winter, a married couple builds a deep warm nest on a tall tree, in which the female lays three to four eggs. However, it is not so easy to see these birds. They live where there are conifers, in particular, spruce, and do not really like people. Crossbills do not fly away to warm regions because their food. The seeds were eaten. Always at hand. A hooked beak with crossed ends helps them to get a treat. They’re real tongs! The cross pushes its beak inside the cone and, turning it, bends the scale to the side. The seed remains in its beak, and empty scales fly to the ground. From them you will determine whether you dined on a crossbill. Also look for the cones lying under the tree. Take a close look at them: if the cone is almost half tattered, and its scales are still in place and only slightly bent, it means that there was a spruce crossbill. He does not have time to process the entire bump, which falls under the weight of his body. The fact is that while eating, this bird often hangs on a cone and clings to it tightly. It happens that the cone does not stand up, breaks off from the branch and falls. These fallen buds often have a branch residue. Short green ponytail.

Woodpecker. Favorite of children. Most often, we know about his presence by knocking, but if you carefully get close to the tree on which he sits, you can see him at work. In winter, this bird should be found on large trees, stumps. We are best acquainted with the great spotted woodpecker, which is easily recognizable by its red cap. Everyone knows the “forges” that the woodpecker arranges under the trees. It’s easy to find them. In such places, a huge number of processed cones are lying. In summer, the woodpecker, like titmice, feeds on insects, which it gets from under the bark of trees. But in winter, pine and spruce seeds become the basis of his menu. Woodpecker’s “smithy”. This is a notch that he gouges in the trunk or stump in order to secure the bump. Very skillfully, with the help of the beak, the woodpecker, as it were, cuts the cone, extracting all the seeds from under the scales. This bird treats its prey carefully, although sometimes whole cones fall to the ground. It has been calculated that in one day a woodpecker can bring up to fifty cones to its “smithy”. He does not rest at all, it is not for nothing that they say: “Hollows like a woodpecker”, constantly and without a lunch break, with perseverance, perhaps worthy of a better application! But his patience and work are always rewarded.

It is interesting to observe how the woodpecker fixes the cone in the recess: first it brings a new one, holds it with its paws, pressing it against the trunk with its body, and only then knocks the old one out of its “smithy” with its beak. The Forge is easy to identify. Hundreds of broken cones lie on the ground in fruitful years for spruce.

Who dined on rowan?

An equally interesting investigation can be carried out under the mountain ash. The red, slightly bitter fruits of this beautiful tree. A delicacy for many wintering birds. After all, only in the cold season can we see bullfinches, waxwings, schurs, which fly to the north in summer.

Perhaps you will find crushed berries under the mountain ash, as if someone chewed them and spat them out. There are no seeds in such berries. This means that bullfinches and pisces ruled the tree. True, one cannot say that they are bullfinches. Fans of this kind of food. These birds can often be found on maples, ash trees, lilacs, where they peck seeds with pleasure. Red-breasted birds, which we primarily pay attention to. These are males, but the outfit of females is more modest. In cold weather, crumpled birds look like lumps of feathers. The thick feather helps them endure the cold.

Pike-holes also gather in flocks in winter. Great lovers of rowan seeds. They are rather large (starling-sized) birds with a rather thick beak. Their color is different: if you see a crimson-red bird, it means that you have an old male in front of you, if it is reddish-yellow. This is a female or a young male. But everyone has dark ripples. These birds can also be recognized by their characteristic whistle. “Few-view. Few-view.”. In the warm season, pike-holes hide in deep northern forests, and in winter they are ready to communicate with people, letting them close to themselves. Schur. The bird is solid, it eats slowly: first it picks a berry, then kneads it in its beak, picks out seeds and swallows. He drops only crushed berries. These birds and seeds of maple, ash, bird cherry, hawthorn, juniper eat.

Rowan trees, which have been visited by blackbirds, look different. These birds peck at the brushes, so after them the remains of berries can be found on the tree. On the ground, you will not find crushed fruits, as in the case of bullfinches, only whole berries can be lying around here, which the blackbirds accidentally dropped (they pluck the brushes pretty quickly). For their addiction to mountain ash, these birds were called “field thrush”. It is best to watch them in the morning, when it is still quiet in parks and squares. Thrushes are “friendly” with mountain ash, their relationship is mutually beneficial. The fact is that birds swallow berries whole without crushing them. The seeds in the stomach are not digested and are thrown away with the droppings. This means that new trees can grow in such places.

Another lovers of rowan berries. Waxworms, which are easily recognizable by their large, pointed reddish tufts, a velvety black spot under the beak and the same strip going through the eye. They have a red-gray or gray-brown color, a lemon-yellow stripe on the tail, white spots and bright red plates on the tips of the wings. Lately waxwings have become frequent guests of our cities. They got their name for their ability to whistle. These are very beautiful birds, so they were given a middle name. “handsome”. True, they do not differ in good manners. They eat hastily, as if they are afraid of not being in time, tear the berries to pieces and peck them. In the intestines of these birds, food is only half digested, therefore, under the tree, which the waxwings have visited, there are crushed, as if chewed and spit out berries without seeds. Waxwingers do not care even the most severe frosts. They always travel in flocks. In addition to rowan, they eat the fruits of viburnum, hawthorn, elderberry.

In order to watch birds constantly, make a feeder. The easiest option. Houses made of juice or milk bags attached to branches. The main thing here is not to overdo it. In some parks, the trees are decorated with so many “packet” feeders that one involuntarily recalls landfills. A more complex, but familiar to many from childhood option. Wooden feeders with a roof. It is interesting to make such a feeder together with the child, you can offer him to paint it at his own discretion. Another option. Inverted bottle feeder. Take a board, nailing narrow strips along the edges (so that the food does not fall). Attach a vertical wide plate-holder for a bottle to one of its sides. Fill a wide-necked bottle with seeds, turn over so that there is a minimum gap between it and the base. Use a wire to attach the bottle to the vertical bar. The seeds will spill out gradually as the birds pick them up. At the same time, the food will not get wet, and it will not be carried away by the wind.

Observe who and when flies to your feeder, what kind of food certain birds prefer, how they behave towards each other, at what time of the day they dine. If the child has a desire and you have a desire, draw different birds from nature.