home Aquarium Which soil is best for a herbalist’s aquarium

Which soil is best for a herbalist’s aquarium

Soil for the aquarium, which one is better to choose?

which, soil, best, herbalist, aquarium

Soil for the aquarium, which is better?

Let’s discuss with you such an important issue. arrangement of the aquarium bottom and selection of soil.

The question arises at the initial stage of arranging the aquarium world. But later, with the advent of time, mistakes made at the very beginning make themselves felt, as a result of which they have to be corrected.

The choice of aquarium soil

Both the foundation for the home and the aquarium substrate play a vital role in the life of the aquarium.!

Novice aquarists very often pay attention only to the decorative properties of the soil and miss its most important function. Aquarium soil is a unique biological filter, powerful and irreplaceable by anything else.

The fact is that after starting the aquarium, colonies of beneficial bacteria settle in the ground, which process waste products (hereinafter PJ) of aquatic organisms (aquatic organisms. marine and freshwater organisms that constantly inhabit the aquatic environment) into harmless substances. I call this process the nitrogen cycle in the aquarium. the cycle of the transition of PJ into ammonia and then into the products of its decay. nitrites, nitrates.

Also, the soil. it is a substrate for rooting and plant nutrition through the root system, a habitat for many microorganisms and some fish. The soil is even capable of changing the parameters of the water in one direction or another. That is why the choice of aquarium soil is of paramount importance! High-quality, correctly selected soil is the key to a long and successful life of the aquarium.!

Now imagine this situation. The novice aquarist, following the stereotypes, takes white, painted, coarse-grained soil and puts it in an aquarium a couple of centimeters thick. Scatters seashells from above for beauty. Yes, everyone has their own tastes and preferences. We in no way impose our position, but here are just some of the disadvantages:

Painted soil is not a porous material, that is, it has a minimum amount of usable area for colonies of beneficial bacteria. Consequently. minimization of biological filtration in soil and accumulation of PJ in water.

HOW TO: Choose an Aquarium Substrate

The soil is laid in a thin layer, which also reduces its effectiveness.

Everyone knows that white is very easily soiled. Over time, the soil will become light coffee, and if there is an outbreak of algae in the aquarium, then green shades are not excluded. In addition, many fish treatments are synthetic dyes. methylene blue, malachite green. After their application, many white soils are painted in the corresponding color.

In most cases, the white, painted soil is neutral, which cannot be said about the shells laid for beauty. They increase the hardness of the water, and this quality is bad for the life of aquarium plants and soft-water aquarium fish.

If the white soil is of natural origin, then, as a rule, it is marble, and the marble comes from limestone, which dissolves perfectly with organic acids, thereby increasing the hardness of the aquarium water. Therefore, this soil can only be used for hard water fish, for example, most African cichlids.

So, from the above, the novice aquarist needs to draw the following conclusions:

And only after that, proceed to the selection and purchase of soil. Fortunately, the aquarium market now offers a wide range of.

The key to a successful choice of aquarium soil and arrangement of the aquarium bottom is a clear understanding of the goals, objectives of the aquarium.

In order to find your way around, answer your questions:

It should be understood that aquarium soil for fish and for living plants are two different things. But, since most aquariums are set up specifically for fish, let’s start with them.

When choosing an aquarium soil for fish, you must take into account their characteristics and habits. In general, it can be said that fine-grained soil can be laid for small fish, and large or mixed for large ones. But there are exceptions. For example, goldfish, even when they are small, dig very hard and dig at the bottom. And if small pebbles are laid on them, then the fish will swallow such soil, from which they can die. As an example, we can also cite the feature of loach fish, for example, acanthophthalmus. These fish are bottom inhabitants of the aquarium and love to bury themselves in the ground. If you put coarse-grained soil in the aquarium, then acanthophthalmos will not be able to dig in, which will cause discomfort and stress.

Bottom colors for fish. Analyzing the data of the Internet, I would like to say that many recommend taking dark soil, the fish are better visible on it.

As a general rule, the soil for aquarium plants should be fine-grained or medium-grained (up to 5mm). In this matter, you should start from the power of the root system of the aquarium plants that will be in the aquarium. An underdeveloped root system requires a fine-grained soil for a strong root system. you can use medium and even coarse grain. The most important thing for plants. the ground should be light and sloping.

The colors of the soil for aquarium plants. They say that for aquarium plants, the soil should be dark, supposedly the plants love warm soil, and the dark color of the bottom helps warm it up. It seems to us that this factor is so chukhanto that it is not worth paying attention to it. The color of the soil for plants can be any.

The thickness of the aquarium soil for plants. It should be from 5 to 7 cm, as much as possible. Again, proceed from the size of the plant’s root system.

Laying aquarium soil

As a rule, the soil in the aquarium is distributed evenly. But you can distribute it so that it rises from the front to the back. This option for filling the bottom will add volume and look more impressive.

Many novice aquarists sometimes lay out drawings of different colors from the soil at the bottom of the aquarium (paths, the sun, other compositions). Such drawings are short-lived, the soil gradually mixes up and, as a result, nothing remains of the “sun”. There is, of course, nothing bad in this. However, as a result, you can get a soil of gray-brownish color. it can ruin the overall appearance of the aquarium.

After distributing the soil, I install the decor, fill the aquarium with water, plant the plants.

Summing up, we can say that the most correct, best soil for the aquarium bottom will be the one that was wisely selected.

Video about decorating an aquarium with soil and cleaning the soil

Aquarium soil. everything you need to know.

Processing and flooring

Before filling the soil, you need to rinse it with running water to clear it of plaque or dust. At the same time, do not wash the soil with soap or other chemically prepared cleaning agents.

You can lay the soil in any way, even evenly, even at an angle. It all depends on how you want to do it.

The thickness of the soil should be from 5 to 7 mm, but it all depends on the volume and size of the aquarium, as well as on the plants that you are going to plant in this soil.

Various decorative elements can be placed on the finished embankment. After that, the aquarium is half filled with water and only after that the plants are planted in the ground.

After that, let your aquarium brew for a week or two, and only then, when the roots of the plants have taken hold, when the aquatic microflora has settled. populate fish or other inhabitants.

Potting Soil vs Organic Soil in Aquarium? Dirt Substrate

Ground for the aquarium. Which is better?

Varieties of soils

Natural. As the name implies, this soil has not undergone all kinds of treatments and has an exclusively natural character. These are: gravel, sand, pebbles, quartz and crushed stone.

In such a soil there are no useful substances, which means that the plants in it will grow slowly and almost without developing. However, if you add additional fertilizers to the soil, the plants will naturally begin to grow and develop much faster and better.

Processed. This is a substrate that is obtained from natural, through processing. It can be both chemical and mechanical.

Artificial. This substrate is suitable for shrimp aquariums, or for aquariums that are mainly intended for plants.

Laying in layers

Quite often, beginner aquarists lay the soil in layers, filling large soils with shallow ones. Because of this, soil porosity is lost, which is very necessary.

What is it for? If the soil does not have access to water, does not “breathe”, then the water will stagnate, plants will rot, and a wonderful aquarium will turn into a swamp, which smells unpleasant at the same time.

Expanded clay

Firstly, this material is very light, and when the fish starts digging it, a cloud of dust and silt immediately rises.

Secondly, it is highly porous, and from this it follows that, like a sponge, it absorbs dirt and clogs the aquarium.

How to put?

First, the bottom of the container must be tied with peat or dry fertilizers, you can use a soil substrate (a nutrient substrate, covered with a centimeter layer on the bottom of the aquarium). The main purpose of these components is to feed plant growth.

If it is planned that large stones or heavy decorative structures will be the components of the design of the glass container, then a piece of sheet polystyrene should be placed on the bottom, at the point of contact, the area of ​​which should be equal to the area of ​​the element used. The next step is filling the soil of different fractions, and only then. filling the container with water.

READ  How to properly supply CO2 to an aquarium

How to choose?

  • The color of the substrate should be consistent with the idea of ​​the owner of the aquarium. It will be useful to know that bright fish will look more advantageous against a dark background, and garbage and sediment will immediately be visible on a light background.
  • Particle shape. Preference should be given to the rounded shape of particles, since pointed ones can damage plants and fish.
  • Particle size. The soil can be of different fractions, and for the full development of the underwater flora, it is necessary to use several of its types.

How to calculate the amount of soil?

The amount of soil required depends on the volume and type of aquarium.

You can calculate the required volume using the formula: m (kg) = abv1.5 / 1000

  • m. soil mass,
  • a and b. the length and width of the container,
  • в. ground height.

The last indicator depends on the estimated number of plants: if there are few of them, then 2 cm, a lot. at least 5 cm.

How to prepare?

There are several ways to heat the substrate, the most common of them are digestion and frying.

  • For digestion, the substrate must be placed in a saucepan or bucket, filled with water and boiled for 20. 30 minutes.
  • For frying, the soil with a layer of 5 cm is laid out on a baking sheet and placed in a heated (120C. 180C) oven for 30 minutes.

Most often, natural soil has an alkaline reaction, which will affect the pH and hardness of the water. Therefore, it is advisable to treat it with inorganic acids: hydrochloric, phosphoric, acetic, the concentration of which should not be lower than 25%.

The oxidation technology is as follows: first, a test is carried out (a little 9% vinegar is poured onto a handful of soil, if a hiss is heard and bubbles are emitted, then alkali is present in the soil), then all the soil, placed in a metal container, is poured with acid and left for 20 minutes. It is necessary to complete a similar procedure by flushing the soil with running water 2. 3 times.

What kind of substrate is needed for a herbalist?

  • The substrate in the aquarium should include several layers of different structures: the soil for plants should be fine. and medium-grained (2. 5 mm), depending on the type of root system of the planted algae.
  • The soil for plants in the aquarium must be loose. Looseness should be understood as the ability of water and air to circulate between soil particles. This will be possible if their volume is within 2 mm or more. Otherwise, a very fine substrate (eg sand) will quickly be compressed and aerobic processes will be impossible. As a result, rotting will begin, which can destroy both plants and fish.
  • The soil should be inert with respect to chemical elements: it should not release any substances into the water and should not participate in the “binding” of already existing elements in the water, otherwise the imbalance of nutrients cannot be avoided.
  • The soil must necessarily have a buffering capacity, the ability to maintain the required pH level.
  • The substrate must contain the necessary supply of nutrients, therefore it is necessary to purchase a special soil, already enriched with all trace elements, or to saturate the usual substrate with fertilizers.
  • Natural substrate includes materials of natural origin: crushed stone, gravel, quartz, pebbles. But such a soil does not have any nutrients, so plants will begin to develop in it only after a year, when the accumulation of waste becomes a kind of fertilizer.
  • Mechanical soil is obtained by mechanical or chemical treatment of a natural substrate (for example, fired clay).
  • Artificial soil is a specially formulated nutrient mixture rich in all essential trace elements. Naturally, if the owner of the aquarium sets himself the goal of decorating his container with a variety of underwater plants, then this type of flooring should be preferred.

Layer thickness

The height of the soil layer near the back wall should be higher. Most often. 6. 10 cm, depending on the volume of the aquarium.

At the front wall, the thickness of the soil layer should not exceed 3 cm, otherwise the aesthetic appearance of the container as a whole will be spoiled from below by black bloom (the result of bacterial activity).

For the normal development of plants planted in the aquarium, the substrate should consist of 3 tiers:

  • The first one. the soil of a coarse fraction (up to 10 mm) with a thickness of at least 3 cm provides soil ventilation, circulation of water and oxygen.
  • The height of the second layer is usually 4 cm, and the particle diameter can reach 2. 3 mm, which will provide access to nutrients for plant roots.
  • The third layer 1 cm thick should consist of fine soil (up to 1 mm), if you plan to plant ground cover plants.

The height of the layers can be varied depending on the wishes and requirements of the aquarium owner. As an option. a two-tiered soil layer, the lower part of which (2. 3 cm) is coarse-grained soil (6. 10 mm), the upper part (6 cm) consists of particles 2. 5 mm in diameter.

Composition

Additives

An aquarium that has just been equipped may not be cleaned for a year. During this entire period, it is necessary to systematically feed the plants with the necessary fertilizers.

The main thing in the choice of soil is not beauty, but the benefit for the inhabitants. Before buying, find out in advance for what purposes and what pets it will be used for. With the right choice, the primer will not cause problems and will be an excellent addition to the design.

Soil for the aquarium, which is better?

Let’s discuss with you such an important issue as the arrangement of the aquarium bottom and the choice of soil.

This question arises at the initial stage of arranging the aquarium world. But later, with the advent of time, mistakes made at the very beginning make themselves felt, as a result of which everything has to be corrected.

The choice of aquarium soil

Both the foundation for the home and the aquarium substrate play a vital role in the life of the aquarium.!

Novice aquarists very often pay attention only to the decorative properties of the soil and miss its most important function. Aquarium soil is a unique biological filter, powerful and irreplaceable by anything else.

The fact is that after the launch of the aquarium, colonies of beneficial bacteria settle in the ground, which process the waste products (hereinafter. PJ) of aquatic organisms (aquatic organisms. marine and freshwater organisms that constantly inhabit the aquatic environment) into harmless substances. I call this process the nitrogen cycle in the aquarium. the cycle of the transition of PJ into ammonia and then into the products of its decay. nitrites, nitrates.

In addition, the soil is a substrate for rooting and plant nutrition through the root system, a place of life for many microorganisms and some fish. The soil is even capable of changing the parameters of the water in one direction or another. That is why the choice of aquarium soil is of paramount importance! High-quality, correctly selected soil is the key to a long and successful life of the aquarium.!

Now imagine this situation. The novice aquarist, following the stereotypes, takes white, painted, coarse-grained soil and puts it in an aquarium a couple of centimeters thick. Scatters seashells from above for beauty. Yes, everyone has their own tastes and preferences. We in no way impose our position, but here are just some of the disadvantages:

Painted soil is not a porous material, that is, it has a minimum amount of usable area for colonies of beneficial bacteria. As a consequence. the minimization of biological filtration in the soil and the accumulation of PJ in water.

The soil is laid in a thin layer, which also reduces its effectiveness.

Everyone knows that white is very easily soiled. Over time, the soil will become light coffee, and if there is an outbreak of algae in the aquarium, then green tints on the soil are not excluded. In addition, many drugs for the treatment of fish are synthetic dyes. methylene blue, malachite green. After their application, many white soils are painted in the corresponding color.

In most cases, the white, painted soil is neutral, which cannot be said about the shells laid for beauty. They increase the hardness of the water, and this quality is bad for the life of aquarium plants and soft-water aquarium fish.

If the white soil is of natural origin, then, as a rule, it is marble, and the marble comes from limestone, which dissolves perfectly with organic acids, thereby increasing the hardness of the aquarium water. Therefore, this soil can only be used for hard water fish, for example, most African cichlids.

So, from the above, the novice aquarist needs to draw the following conclusions:

And only after that, proceed to the selection and purchase of soil for the relevant requests. Fortunately, the aquarium market now offers a wide range of.

The key to a successful choice of aquarium soil and arrangement of the aquarium bottom is a clear understanding of the goals, objectives of the aquarium.

READ  What kind of water to put in a turtle aquarium

In order to find your way around, answer your questions:

It should be understood that aquarium soil for fish and for living plants are two different things. But, since most aquariums are set up specifically for fish, let’s start with them.

When choosing an aquarium soil for fish, you must take into account their characteristics and habits. In general, it can be said that fine-grained soil can be laid for small fish, and large or mixed for large ones. But there are exceptions, for example, goldfish, even when they are small, dig very hard and dig at the bottom. And if small pebbles are laid on them, then the fish will swallow such soil, from which they can die. As an example, you can also give an example of the characteristics of loach fish, for example, acanthophthalmus. These fish are bottom inhabitants of the aquarium and love to bury themselves in the ground. If you put coarse-grained soil in the aquarium, then acanthophthalmos will not be able to dig in, which will cause discomfort and stress.

Bottom colors for fish. Analyzing the data of the Internet, I would like to say that many recommend taking dark soil, the fish are better visible on it.

As a general rule, the soil for aquarium plants should be fine-grained or medium-grained (up to 5mm). In this matter, you should start from the power of the root system of the aquarium plants that will be in the aquarium. A poorly developed root system requires a fine-grained soil, for a strong root system. you can use a medium and even coarse-grained fraction.

The colors of the soil for aquarium plants. They say that for aquarium plants, the soil should be dark, supposedly the plants love warm soil, and the dark color of the bottom helps warm it up. It seems to us that this factor is so insignificant that it is not worth paying attention to it. The color of the soil for plants can be any.

The thickness of the aquarium soil for plants. It should be from 5 to 7 cm, as much as possible. Again, proceed from the size of the plant’s root system. The above soil thickness is suitable for most aquarium plants.

Additional advice when choosing a soil.

For example, this colored soil is not very good.

A big mistake for novice aquarists is washing the aquarium soil with soap or chemicals. This is not worth doing, since it is very difficult to wash the chemicals out of the soil, at least it will take a lot of time and effort. over, there is a possibility that the porous soil will absorb the chemistry.

Laying aquarium soil

As a rule, the soil in the aquarium is distributed evenly. But you can distribute it so that it rises from the front wall of the aquarium to the back. This option for filling the bottom will add volume and look more impressive.

Many novice aquarists sometimes lay out drawings of different colors from the soil at the bottom of the aquarium (paths, the sun, other compositions). Such drawings are short-lived, the soil gradually mixes up and, as a result, nothing remains of the “sun”. Of course, there is nothing bad about it. However, in the end, you can get a gray-brownish-purple soil. this can import the general appearance of the aquarium.

After distributing the soil, I install the decor, fill the aquarium with water, plant the plants.

Summing up, we can say that the most correct, best soil for the aquarium bottom will be the one that was wisely selected.

In the photo, examples of the design of the aquarium bottom

Video about decorating an aquarium with soil and cleaning the soil

The soil plays one of the key roles for living organisms in the aquarium; the fate of fish, microorganisms and plants growing in it depends on its characteristics and properties. That is why, it is very important to weigh everything before buying.

This article will help you understand all the nuances of choosing a flooring for an aquarium with plants (herbalist).

In addition to the choice, you will learn about preparing the soil for the settlement of plants and fish.

The nature of the fish

The nature, temperament of underwater inhabitants also affects the choice of substrate. If the fish likes to dig up the substrate, then small particles will quickly cloud the water. In such cases, choose large fractions.

For some fish, this is a specific part of life. If they are deprived of the opportunity to dig into the substrate, it will stress the fish. In such cases, average values ​​are suitable, for example, coarse sand.

The size

The size of the fractions depends on the size of the fish living in the aquarium. the smaller the fish, the finer the soil. For example, when choosing sand, the size of the grains of sand depends on the type of fish, fine-grained sand is suitable for guppies, and coarse-grained for scalars.

The size also depends on the type of plants planted in the tank. If the plant has a delicate root system that is easy to damage, then choose a substrate with fine fractions. A large substrate is suitable for plants with strong roots.

  • Small ones. The diameter of the fractions is less than 1 mm. Sand is fine.
  • Average. Particle size is 1-5 mm.
  • Large. Particle diameter over 5 mm. Refers to pebbles, rubble and gravel for the aquarium.

The size of each particle should be approximately the same as the other particles. This is even more important than the different lengths and widths of the fractions. After all, if the particles are of different sizes, then aeration of the soil does not occur, the aquarium water begins to rot.

Artificial

This type of substrate is most often not suitable for keeping fish and other inhabitants. The artificial substrate is divided into two groups: decorative, nutritious.

Decorative is used to create a specific decor or landscape. The most common materials are plastic, glass. These materials are not suitable for fish because they are capable of refracting, reflecting light. Pisces will experience stress from this.

The nutrient substrate is suitable for keeping plants. Recommended for Dutch aquariums where Accent is placed on vegetation and no fish.

Mechanical

The substrate is obtained by chemical or mechanical processing of natural components. sand, gravel, pebbles. With the help of this method, the substrate acquires certain properties that have a beneficial effect on underwater inhabitants.

Laying down

In case of laying errors, the soil will not let water through, the water will deteriorate and rot.

  • Rinse thoroughly. To do this, use a bucket of cold water. Stir and change the water several times. Do not use chemical detergents. Disinfect the selected substrate by calcining for 2 hours.
  • Pour the mixture in an even layer. If desired, create patterns or other designs using a color mixture. Height does not exceed 8 cm.
  • Set up the decor and fill the aquarium with water.

The form

Fractions of the substrate should be rounded, without chips, sharp edges. This is especially important if the aquarium is inhabited by bottom fish and digging in the substrate, which can easily damage their muzzle on sharp edges.

Even plants grow better in rounded particles, because their roots can easily penetrate between the particles. And also with this choice, the respiration of the substrate is preserved, there is no waterlogging, decay.

The color options for the soil mix are striking in their variety, and this choice is entirely up to the aquarist. Fish don’t care about color, so use it to create your own aquarium design. But still, we do not recommend choosing the soil to match the color of the fish, because after all, it is the pets that should be the focus of attention in the aquarium.

Glass soil

  • There are no pores in the glass, in which bacteria useful for the aquarium multiply.
  • No nutrients are retained in glass, so plants are not able to grow in glass.
  • Glass refracts light and this negatively affects fish, causing stress.

Main characteristics of aquarium soil

Both a small aquarium and its large analogue must be “decorated” with different colors. Usually the owners choose the jewelry themselves. But, despite this, many experts are inclined to choose a dark soil that allows you to see the contents of the aquarium well.

If we talk about the estimated thickness of the layer, then it depends on the parameters of the aquarium, as well as on the number of living and inanimate objects. Therefore, the approach to solving the question of which soil is better for the aquarium to choose is strictly individual.

It should be borne in mind that for aquarium plants and fish, the soil will make a significant difference. As mentioned above, representatives of the flora use it as a substrate for rooting and subsequent nutrition. Considering this, it should be not only a decorative component, but also a life-supporting one.

If you believe the general rules for arranging aquariums, then the soil should be fine or medium-grained, taking into account the power of the root systems. For underdeveloped plants, you can use sand, and for highly developed plants, a coarse-grained fraction.

Note! If you choose which soil is best for the aquarium, then during its purchase you need to study the material from which it is made and the color scheme. The best option for an aquarium would be a natural, unpainted coating.

READ  How to remove plaque from aquarium glass

It is also advisable to find out the chemical composition and origin of the soil before purchasing it. The presence of limestone will provoke the release of carbonate, which will significantly increase the hardness of the water. Its presence is evidenced by the release of gas bubbles.

What soil is best for an aquarium is the first question of a person starting to breed fish

Very often at the initial stage of arranging a “house for fish” the question arises: what kind of soil is better for an aquarium? Although later it loses its relevance and ceases to be actively discussed. However, over time, the mistakes made in the beginning make themselves felt, and as a result, large-scale corrections begin.

The main purpose of our article will be the nuances of the selection, preparation and placement of soil filler. In addition, decoration and cleaning of the bottom of the aquarium are important circumstances in this matter.

Initially, it should be noted that the black soil for the aquarium is the most important part of its equipment. Together with elements such as backgrounds, lighting and additional decorative elements, it gives a noticeable uniqueness to the placement. At the same time, being a substrate, the soil provides conditions for the existence of a whole complex of microorganisms and plants.

Together with this, the nutrient substrate for the aquarium works as a primitive filtering mechanism. Microscopic suspensions that pollute the water settle in it, which significantly expands its functions.

Before buying the aforementioned filler, it is worth deciding on the goals, as well as the general vision of the “underwater kingdom”. In addition, you need to navigate the key aspects of the choice.

Aspects of choosing aquarium soil

  • The presence of living plants.
  • Suspected fish and crustacean species.
  • Basic colors.
  • Volumes of aquarium soil.

Groups of aquarium grounds

  • Natural soils. sand, crushed stone, gravel, pebbles. They can be used where small burrowing fish species and plants with weak root systems are kept.
  • Soils obtained by processing natural materials by mechanical or chemical methods. They meet almost all requirements and are available in a variety of colors. Despite this, their bright color interferes with the natural perception of the aquarium.
  • Artificial soil. glass or plastic balls made using a special technology. They are absolutely harmless, but they can only be used where there are single plants. In addition, they are completely unsuitable for keeping burrowing fish.

Since porosity is one of the most important characteristics of the substrate, fine sand with a particle size of less than 1 mm is unlikely to be useful. Everything is due to the fact that metabolic processes are disrupted in such a filler due to the rapid caking of the material. This, in turn, leads to decay of plant roots.

In addition, the biological balance that should “visit” the aquarium at home is very unstable. In this situation, even mollusks and fish that loosen the soil do not help.

Sand with a particle size of 2 to 4 mm will be an excellent and readily available substrate. Sufficient porosity affects metabolic processes that remain in their original form for a long time.

This option is fine for most plants with both strong and weak root systems. In addition, it has increased permeability to newly formed roots.

Also, the success of small pebbles can be noted, the particles of which vary from 4 to 8 mm. Its caking level is much less than that of sand, but the formation of silt is very slow. This type of soil is more suitable for large plants with a strong root system.

Large pebbles and gravel decorate a small aquarium rather than a large one. In any case, the amount of such soil should be significant in order to somehow differ from the general background. In addition, pebbles and gravel are not used as an independent substrate.

It should be noted that all of the aforementioned natural soils are related by a common origin. these are small particles of granite. Their widespread distribution justifies their availability for aquarium enthusiasts. over, the color parameters of such soils are from light gray to red shades.

Expanded clay is considered the most common among artificial substrates. It has excellent porosity and low weight, which makes it indispensable for fish lovers and flower growers. During plant transplantation, this type of soil practically does not injure root systems.

Together with the above advantages, the inner part of expanded clay is an anaerobic flora. anoxic microorganisms. They purify the water of numerous organic compounds that appear in the aquarium over time.

To determine how much soil you need in an aquarium, you should take into account its individual parameters. Among them, the size of the “house for fish” is noted, as well as the filling with living and inanimate components.

Placing soil in the aquarium

If you follow the recommendations of experienced aquarists, then the soil should be laid in three layers. over, the content and nature of the placement must correspond to a certain sequence.

The bottom layer should consist of gravel, which is fortified with laterite iron or clay. It should be 3 to 5 cm thick and include fertilizer balls. In addition, there may be a mixture of trace elements that do not contain phosphates and nitrites, which are so harmful to plants and fish.

It is advisable to make Accent in the soil mixture for iron, which is present in a chelated form. Otherwise, it will simply be unavailable for nutrition to representatives of flora and fauna. In addition, ferrous sulfate, usually used for feeding garden bushes, will not work, since it will significantly reduce the acidity of the water.

If heating cables are used, they are also laid in this layer. They should not be located directly on the bottom, because uneven heating leads to cracking of the glass, and the aquarium at home can quickly deteriorate. In addition, sand and clay in this case will be inappropriate. they will also heat up unevenly.

The middle layer should contain soil with peat admixtures, making up 15-25% of the total bottom soil. Its thickness can be no more than 2-3 cm, since an overabundance of soil enriched with peat can provoke the process of decay. If there is a large amount of organic matter in the ground, then it can be supplemented with sand.

In addition, the middle layer can be filled with trace elements and clay balls. However, this requires careful preparation of peat and soil. Strictly speaking, such a rule holds for each layer.

If there are snails or fish digging in the ground in the aquarium, then you need to grow plants in pots or increase the thickness of the top layer. This will prevent significant damage to their root systems.

It should be noted that the soil in the aquarium is usually unevenly placed. Although it can be distributed in such a way that it will look like a slide that rises towards the back wall. This option of covering the bottom can visually add volume and a more dramatic appearance to the aquarium.

Most novice aquarists lay out various patterns from the soil. Since they gradually move under the influence of water, these compositions are short-lived. Of course, this is not so scary, but the general appearance of the aquarium can still deteriorate.

The final procedures, which will make the 200 liter aquarium flawless, will be the installation of decor, water filling and planting of plants. This must be taken care of in advance, so as not to “slow down” the overall process of arrangement.

Types of bottom and glass decoration

  • Driftwood from different types of wood (alder, mango, mopani).
  • Multicolored stones.
  • Sea corals and shells.
  • Pebbles, black quartz, coral sand.
  • Plastic and live plants.
  • Aquarium backgrounds in the form of a film on glass.
  • Various items (castles, wrecks, arches, volcanoes, statues).

Soil preparation

If you have an aquarium of 200 liters, then before laying the soil, its bottom must be prepared. This is especially true of the aquarium soil that is collected “on the street”. Mandatory rinsing and boiling are the main procedures to prevent infection.

There is no need to boil a store purchase, but it must be rinsed and poured over with boiling water. The use of soap or other cleaning agents is excluded here, since it will be very difficult to wash out chemical impurities from the soil later. At least it will take a lot of time and effort, which can be used for other useful actions.

These procedures are fundamental. If you have properly processed and prepared the soil for the aquarium, the price for it, even if it was significant, will no longer matter to you afterwards. It should be noted that there is no need to wait for the future “stone bottom” to dry completely, since the wet state is natural for it.