Types of gold aquarium fish
To date, the most famous breeds of goldfish include the veil tail, riukin, telescope, lion head, red cap, pearl mussel, shubunkin. They are popular, first of all, due to their unpretentiousness and the ability to live in conditions of low temperatures. However, it is worth remembering that goldfish have some characteristics that determine their conditions of detention.
Plants for goldfish aquariums
Pay special attention to the ground when decorating the reservoir. Small fractions are not very suitable because goldfish love to dig in the ground, constantly raising the dregs. Because of this, their properties, we recommend that you carefully approach the selection of living plants: these should be species with a well-developed root system.
Plus, goldfish love to nibble on leaves, so their thickness also matters.
We recommend using any Anubias and Vallisneria species, Large-leaved Echinodorus and Bacopa, Javanese moss, Thai fern, Crinum and large Cryptocoryne species.
Gold aquarium fish
How to feed goldfish
And, of course, it is especially worth mentioning the nutritional characteristics of goldfish. This is due to the non-standard device of the digestive system. All goldfish have a very elongated stomach, they eat often and little by little.
Since goldfish move a lot, they need high-quality feed, but with a small amount of protein (the weak stomach simply does not absorb excess protein components), whose place is taken by easily digestible carbohydrates. If you use regular basic fish feed, it will lead to obesity of fish and severe water pollution.
Buy only special food for goldfish!
Goldfish Aquarium Requirements
Thermoregulation of an artificial reservoir depends on which countries the selected individuals come from, as well as in what conditions the fish were kept before entering the aquarium. Most of the goldfish live not only in home aquariums at room temperatures, but also in open reservoirs of Central Russia from May to October, without special heaters. However, individuals brought from tropical countries require water heating to 26-27 o C.
Gold aquarium fish: content features.
Goldfish are perhaps the most popular group of fish found in artificial reservoirs. They are especially fond of in the East. So, the Chinese tradition of keeping these fish dates back to ancient historical periods.
There is no other fish species that has such a huge variety of breeding morphs.
In our country, goldfish are also known for a long time (remember, at least, the goldfish from the tale of A.S. Pushkin) and are considered a symbol of well-being and prosperity.
Who can you keep gold aquarium fish with?
A frequently asked question. what species can you keep goldfish with? Only with those that tolerate the appropriate temperature regime and are peaceful species.
Very often bully fish arrange a real hunt for beautiful long tails and bright scales of goldfish.
The best option is to keep goldfish separately, since their variety of morphs allows you to create an amazing bright ensemble in any body of water!
Making a choice in favor of goldfish, you get wonderful pets that will delight you for a long time with their bright beautiful color, variety of shapes and unpretentious care.
Goldfish and carp
The goldfish itself is a native of this family, but at the same time it does not get along with all its species. Neighborhood is possible with almost all zebrafish or small labeos. But such relatives as rasbora, goldfish can easily eat instead of lunch.
It is necessary to give up Sumatran barbs right away, because these pets are very fond of biting off the fins of “scrofula”. They are by nature too aggressive for such cohabitation.
Large koi carp will be a good neighbor for ornamental goldfish. But he doesn’t need it. this handsome man is self-sufficient, and does not need any roommates.
Gold and haracin fish
Tetras and neons could be ideal neighbors for “golden” pets, but it’s not so simple. While goldfish are still small, they perceive such neighbors quite well. However, as soon as they grow up, tetras and neons immediately turn from neighbors into a delicacy. Conclusion: they are unlikely to be able to get along together.
If you really need such a neighborhood, you can go for a trick: purchase larger tetras. congo or brilliant. Such pets with decorative crucian carp, as a rule, get along well.
A kind of aquarium: who the goldfish are compatible with?
Goldfish often become the first favorites of novice aquarists. But over time, you want to expand the aquarium and fill it with other fish, but not all of them are compatible. To avoid both personal and “fishy” stress, we propose to figure out which fish will become good neighbors of gold, and indeed in general. do they need?
Should You Keep A Single Goldfish with No Tank Mates?
Goldfish, which are a type of ornamental crucian carp, can be considered quite large pets for a home aquarium, because they grow up to 20-25 cm in length. For their comfortable life, a lot of space is needed. from 50 liters per individual, that is, for a couple, about 100 liters are needed. You might think that other fish can easily be placed in an aquarium of this volume, but there are some nuances:
In the case of settlement of other slow fish, the situation is the opposite: the “golden” pets are rather gluttonous, and as soon as they get to the food, they eat everything without a trace.
At the same time, goldfish are almost omnivorous, which is a big plus. But as a disadvantage for the neighbors of such pets, we can consider the habit of “scrofula” to bury themselves in the ground, as a result of which the water in the aquarium becomes cloudy. Not every other fish will love this trick.
Too active fish often start hunting for the luxurious fins of golden beauties, and this can also become a problem. Therefore, if you want to add other pets to the goldfish, as a rule, difficulties arise. To avoid them, we propose to figure out which fish will become a worthy “neighbor” party for gold.
Goldfish and decorative catfish
Small aquarium catfish, such as cockroaches or corridors, do not perceive the “scrofula” as rivals, because they are too calm and slow for this. Therefore, experts argue that such cohabitation is quite real. In addition, catfish are considered good cleaners, and with all the garbage that golden handsome men breed, this will only benefit the aquarium.
Despite all this, do not forget about the exceptions: ancistrus or sucker catfish that hunt at night will become a real nightmare for goldfish. His habit of sticking to other fish can greatly harm the integrity of the “golden” pets.
How compatible are the varieties of goldfish?
Experts believe that such a neighborhood is quite viable. Comets, veil-tails, shubunkins, wakins, telescopes and riukins will live quietly and peacefully, and no special problems should arise in their cohabitation.
If you decide to settle such relatives in your aquarium, you should think about the fact that their offspring will be the result of crossing different fish. As a result, the purebred breed will be spoiled. Over time, this can cause the goldfish to turn into a regular carp.
If you want to find an unambiguous answer to the question with whom the goldfish are compatible, it will be like this: in a species aquarium, these pets are most comfortable and calm.
To understand whether compatibility between species is possible, you need to familiarize yourself with the criteria for full, partial compatibility and incompatibility. With full compatibility, you can safely observe the life of the fish, with partial there are threats of rivalry, in the absence of compatibility as such, the fish do not need to be settled in one aquarium at all.
- Scalar and gourami: fully compatible
- Barbs: partially compatible
- Cockerels: incompatible
- African cichlids: incompatible
- South American cichlids: incompatible
- Corridors: fully compatible
- Danio: Fully Compatible
- Discus: partially compatible
- Loach: partially compatible
- Goldfish: incompatible
- Gourami: partially
- Guppy: partially
- Koi carps: incompatible
- Botia: completely
- Mollies: completely
- Astronotus: incompatible
- Pecilia: completely
- Plekostomus: completely
- Iris: completely
- Parsing: completely
- Labeo: completely
- Swordsmen: completely
- Tetras: completely
- Acne: partially
- Piranhas: incompatible
- Shrimp: incompatible
- Floating aquarium plants: completely
See also: How to care for chocolate gourami?
Are they compatible with each other?
Interspecies disagreements arise between them, during which hierarchical roles are clarified or territory is protected. Aquarium gourami are practically incompatible with other members of their family. Naturally, when representatives of the same species get along, but this does not apply to this species. Everything is much more complicated here. They constantly compete for the attention of females, if there are few females for a male in the aquarium, he will not create a pair.
Fighting between males can be extremely dangerous and lead to intense aggression, even worse than attack by other fish species. Compatibility is possible if one male and 2-3 females for him are placed in the tank. Then all residents will remain unharmed and happy. Labyrinth fins are usually thin and long, so they are easy to grab when competing.
Unpretentious gourami are great neighbors
Gourami are small fish of the Macropod family, suborder Labyrinth fish. Many species are endemic to Southeast Asia, preferring calm waters with a slow flow. Gouramis in these regions are of industrial importance, but in many aquariums around the world they are decorative fish. They have a peaceful and calm nature, small body size, it is easy to keep them even for a novice aquarist. Gourami practically do not show aggression towards neighbors in the “house”, most often they conflict with each other. To settle them in a common nursery, you should understand the peculiarities of their character.
About the compatibility of aquarium fish
Settling an aquarium is a responsible, painstaking task. It requires theoretical knowledge. Fish can have full or relative compatibility and be completely incompatible.
How To Keep Your Goldfish Alive For 15 Years
Most likely, representatives of the same family, detachment, suborder, having the same size and conditions of detention, will be able to get along. Common sense will not allow the inhabitants of cooler waters to be settled in tropical conditions. Large predatory species can cause serious harm to miniature aquatic inhabitants. But there are exceptions to any rule, which is confirmed by experienced aquarists. There are many cases when peace-loving fish cohabitated friendly with fierce predators for a long time. At the same time, there were often groundless wars between calm fish.
If you are still not sure that the aquatic inhabitants are compatible, you can always use the special tables. They contain information that will dispel your doubts and prevent you from making irreparable mistakes.
See the aquarium with guppies, lalius, neons and catfish.
Description of compatibility with specific fish species
Cockerels and guppies. it is believed that guppies and bettas live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There have been examples of successful compatibility, but the risk is not always worth it. Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are ripped off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees is more permissible for them. The diet of both fish is the same, so some breeders did not have any difficulties in keeping.
Scalaria and betta. good compatibility, provided there is a spacious reservoir. These fish practically ignore each other, without attracting attention to themselves. The cockerels are more likely to fight among themselves than to bother the scalar. However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive, and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinths. Set up lots of shelters and plants in your nursery to protect everyone.
Gourami. all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be excellent. Gourami are curious creatures, tenacious and active, they also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. The cockerels do not bother them, sometimes it is the other way around. Set them together in a tank of at least 70 cubic liters. All Macropods have the same enemies: these are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
See the cockerels with the gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium, since they tolerate the same water parameters. But there is one fact. mollies prefer slightly brackish water, but bettas do not. A temperature of 24-27 degrees is optimal for keeping. At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly are viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank so that their fry will not be destroyed.
Botia are aggressive aquatic organisms alone, so they can only be housed in a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium, the battles are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, they can be kept with the same neighbors, provided they have space and cover. Cockerels practically do not conflict with them.
Corridors. Suitable for many fish neighbors. They have a calm disposition, interesting body color, and bring many benefits. If the cock doesn’t finish eating the food, the corridor will pick him up. Catfish swim at the bottom of the aquarium, the cockerels only sleep at the bottom. Compatibility between them is proven, bettas rarely disturb the corridors. Corridors, like labyrinth corridors, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Catfish do not tolerate salt and organic matter, like betta. Changing the water in the general aquarium should take place once a week.
GOLD FISH COMPATIBILITY
The question of compatibility of Goldfish (Carassius), on the one hand, is quite simple, but on the other, it is complicated, and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.
I think this topic should be started with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISH were obtained as a result of a thousand-year selection. Therefore, the Veil-tails, Oranda, Telescopes, Shubunkins and others are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor. the Chinese goldfish.
Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, about the possibility of joint keeping in an aquarium or pond, for example, telescopes and koi carps, then such coexistence takes place. all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, THERE IS ONE BUT! Since all Zolotukhs are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, resulting in “bastards” or, if you want mutants, outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments carried out, such cohabitation leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into crucian carp.
Therefore, if you plan to receive offspring and breed Goldfish, then their variety in a common reservoir is FORBIDDEN!
Before discussing the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, clumsy, slow fish. And this specificity must be nourished. For example, if you keep Vualekhvostov in a small aquarium with other fish, be it the most peaceful, then all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space is the norms of keeping, they will do their job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.
In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single taken fish has its own character. In this connection, even observing all the rules of compatibility of aquarium fish, a negative result can be obtained at the output. In order to minimize this factor as much as possible, it is always recommended to plant different fish young and at the same time, and not gradually add new ones to the old fish.
Now let’s look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.
Such a union, alas, is not possible. All fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to Goldfish. Astronotus generally perceives the Golden as a good live snack.
Therefore, keeping them together is categorically contraindicated, even with small cilids.
Somehow, I tried to combine veil scalars with Goldfish, but alas, in the future they had to be seated. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold ones, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.
So, I recommend not to experiment. it’s wasted time and money.!
Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, thornsim, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congo and other haracin fish.
Here the situation is completely opposite. All tetras are such peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium. One thing, but. When Goldfish grow up, they can burst small tetras, so it is better to take “large” haracin fish, for example, thorns or Congo, to Zolotukha.
Goldfish and Labyrinths: all gourami, lalius, macrapods, etc.
I don’t even know what to tell you. On the one hand they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not. This is due to the fact that labyrinth, in particular gourami, are very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.
At the same time, lalius are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that they will be bad with Goldfish.
In view of the above, the coexistence of the Golden with the Labyrinth is a hassle, therefore such a neighborhood is not recommended.
Goldfish and aquarium catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), ancistrus (sucker catfish), bocias, acanthophthalmus, green catfish brochis, tarakatums and others.
In general, 100% compatibility is observed here. Let me draw your attention to the fact that not all catfish are very peaceful. For example, Botia Modesta or Baya are somyars that can snatch. Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like pinched hens.
Otherwise, everything is OK! over, all aquarium catfish. these are good helpers in the fight against kaQashqai from Goldfish. Provide the aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium bottom siphon will decrease.
Goldfish and carp: barbs, zebrafish and others.
It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint keeping of zebrafish and Goldfish, but I do not recommend it with barbs. Sumatrans can easily bite the Golden.
Goldfish and pecilia, viviparous fish: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.
I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite Goldfish! But, something I do not believe in these stories. I can’t even imagine how this gupeshka will be able to covet a big Goldfish, except that they will attack in a crowd))).
Honestly, I have no experience in keeping live-bearers and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep the golden aksakals of the aquarium world and simple live-bearers together.
And I also want to offer you such a topic as the compatibility of Goldfish and aquarium plants.
Whoever started the Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, since the Gold family just loves plant foods. To avoid the disgustingly plucked look of aquarium plants, I give my Golden duckweed from another aquarium twice a week. You can also recommend keeping Goldfish from aquarium plants that are too tough for Goldfish: anubias, microoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.
For more details, see this article. FISHES EAT PLANTS, WHAT TO DO?
Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a species aquarium, which require separate, special attention. over, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-livers compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium, and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopeck ancistrus did not let her sleep at night.
Video about compatibility of aquarium fish
Choosing neighbors for aquarium shrimp
Freshwater aquariums are very colorful. The planted plants, among which ornamental fish, snails, crayfish and shrimps swim and play, make it a real water garden.
Are crustaceans appropriate in a fish tank? Aquarists recommend carefully choosing fish that can be placed in a freshwater shrimp tank. The compatibility of shrimp with guppies, some types of catfish, zebrafish has been proven.
For many freshwater fish, shrimp is a delicious delicacy. If you want to create a friendly aquatic nursery within the walls of your own home, where there is no place for hunting and hostility, check out the information about who is acceptable for shrimp.
Shrimp are known to use protective color camouflage in the wild, and there is more space to hide. The most popular aquarium types of shrimp: cherry (cherry), blue, white, lemon (yellow) shrimp. The main rule when choosing fish neighbors is that if the mouth of the fish is larger than the shrimp itself, then the latter will definitely be eaten! Let us consider separately the conditions of keeping these species and those freshwater inhabitants with which you can settle shrimp in an aquarium.
Goldfish compatibility with cichlids
Practice shows that such a neighborhood is impossible. And this is due to the natural aggressiveness of almost all cichlids. Even if the cichlids are herbivores and the same size as goldfish, then racing around the aquarium is inevitable.
In some sources, you can find information about the peaceful living in a common aquarium of goldfish and calm South American cichlids, but clashes between them are inevitable. Especially if the fish are hungry.
What fish do they get along with?
Ornamental fish are so beautiful that many beginners dream of settling several of their favorite species together. The table will help to solve the problem of compatibility of some fish with others. Having familiarized yourself with it, you can understand with whom the goldfish are friends, and with whom are enemies. “Zolotushki” compatible with the following inhabitants of the reservoir:
Such a neighborhood will not create stressful situations, all fish will be in good health, since they have the same temperament and habits. But no one can guarantee that the inhabitants will preserve the purity of the breed.
The fish will start to mate with each other, and if you want to breed them for sale, settling the pets together is not a good idea.
Goldfish and decorative catfish
Experts say that in this case, you can expect quite decent compatibility. Small aquarium catfish (cockatums or corridors) do not consider the “gold” as rivals, they are too calm and slow for this.
The only exception can be ancistrus or sucker catfish, which hunts at night. Sucking on a goldfish, this catfish can pretty much ruffle it.
Compatibility of goldfish with other aquarium fish
Goldfish are some of the most beautiful inhabitants of aquariums. You can read about the compatibility of this breed with other inhabitants of domestic reservoirs and what factors affect it in this article.
With Koi carps
Goldfish belong to the carp family. Their ancestor is a silver carp, however, their genus is different: koi belongs to the genus “carp”, and the “scrofula”. from the genus “crucian”, so crossing of individuals can be avoided.
Neighborhood with koi is the most prosperous. In Japan, carp is a symbol of love and friendship, so these courageous, calm and sedate handsome men will not harm their golden neighbors. They are completely non-aggressive and with great pleasure rummage at the bottom of the reservoir, lifting up the dregs.
The most popular koi carp breed is the gosanke and its subspecies (taisho sanseku and showa sanseku). Beginners often confuse them with goldfish, as these carps are bright and surprisingly beautiful in color. The only factor that keeps many aquarists from keeping fish together is the need for a very large aquarium. There are 5 liters of water per centimeter of a koi’s body, and the size of an adult can reach over 70 cm.
How requirements and compatibility are related
Goldfish are considered relatively large (reach 20-25 cm), and therefore each such individual should have at least 50 liters of the volume of the entire aquarium. Short-bodied telescopes and veil-tails require even more space. Water parameters acceptable for keeping goldfish: t ° (temperature): 20-23 ° C; pH (acidity): 6.0-8.0; dH (hardness): 5-19 °. You will also need to ensure intensive filtration of water, its aeration and regular replacement.
Similar conditions should be suitable for the neighbors of pets. They should also like hard-leaved plants. Golden pets are slow, so any nimble fish can leave them without food. If the voracious goldfish turn out to be faster than their new neighbors, then the latter will remain hungry. You will also have to take into account that, while searching for food, the goldfish digs the ground and muddies the water. That is, she needs to take fish as neighbors, which will not interfere.
Goldfinches and haracin
Unpretentious, peaceful tetras and neons could quite easily get along with goldfish. In principle, this happens when golden fry are launched into the aquarium to these popular representatives of the haracin family.
Typically, peaceful coexistence ends when goldfish grow to their usual size and begin to consider small neons, rhodostomuses or minors as an addition to their regular diet.
If the neighborhood is really necessary, then it is better to keep larger tetras in the general aquarium. Congo or diamond ones, which may well get along with bright decorative crucians.
You also need to remember that tetras are predators by the nature of their food and may well make flocking attacks on the beautiful tails of scrofula. It is impossible to predict this, each team of tetras may have their own attitude to the veil fins of their neighbors. If you notice that the tails of the goldfish have begun to look like tattered rags, then immediately transplant the victims into another container.
A fish with a characteristically arched back, very slow, sensitive to temperature parameters, does not tolerate cold.
All types of goldfish are targeted in spacious open or artificial reservoirs. The optimum temperature is around 20.25 degrees Celsius. The pH should be 6.9-7.2. Water hardness. from 8 units. Among the goldfish there are cold-blooded individuals. these include the telescope and some other long-bodied subspecies.
Decorative species. bubble-eyes, veil-tails, dzikin butterflies, oranda prefer the most warm water. A decrease in temperature indicators can be fatal for them.
A characteristic feature of these fish is very large eyes. When choosing decorations, it is important to give preference to those that do not injure the protruding parts of the pet’s body. With severe hypothermia, the fish may die.
Fish with bags around the eyes, accounting for up to 25% of the total body volume. There is liquid inside, so there should be no traumatic elements in an aquarium with such a pet.
Bubbles burst easily, caring for the fish implies maximum care, the absence of stones, plants with sharp parts within reach.
A subspecies without a dorsal fin, with a flattened body. The best option for keeping is home, in a species aquarium.
The most unpretentious in the content. She can live in open reservoirs in summer; in warm climates, completely outdoor is permissible. Indoor specimens are much smaller. about 15-20 cm in length.
Growing conditions for different species
Care for your goldfish should be done according to their basic needs. Despite the fact that they are recommended for beginners, these magnificent representatives of the underwater world have their own peculiarities of aquarium content.
You need to take care of each representative of different subspecies in your own way.
There are exclusively domestic goldfish, for which the temperature of the environment and its other characteristics are important. Consider how to properly contain each of the species, and who can survive even outdoors.
It is worth considering the features of growing different goldfish in more detail. Among the available types, several options can be noted.
Goldfish with a diamond-shaped body, small head, wide fin. Suitable for both aquarium and outdoor use.
Novice aquarists face some difficulties when keeping goldfish. First of all, it becomes a mistake to preserve a temporary reservoir as a pet’s place of residence. It can be a beautiful glass on a high leg, a compact aquarium, a regular jar.
The sooner the pet is in quarantine and adapts to the proposed conditions, the better it will feel.
Buying a small aquarium, especially for a few goldfish, will also pose serious problems.