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Why does a cat drool from the mouth?

Cat, cat and kittens

Causes of drooling (ptyalism) in a cat

Drooling is caused by excess saliva dripping from the animal’s mouth. Saliva is constantly produced by the salivary glands. Excessive production or secretion of saliva is called hypersalivation (or ptyalism). Oral problems and central nervous system disorders are the most common causes of ptyalism and subsequent drooling. It happens that normal saliva production may seem excessive in animals with an anatomical abnormality that allows saliva to drip from the mouth. This condition is called false ptyalism. There are many causes of drooling in cats, often harmless, but sometimes very serious.

Usually healthy cats do not drool. However, some pets drool when they are stroked and fondled, or they are about to be fed. The sight or smell of certain foods can cause these cats to salivate if they find the food extremely attractive and tempting.

Other pets drool when they are very nervous. When the cat is feeling stressed, she will lick herself excessively, as this helps her to calm down. This licking can contribute to increased salivation.

Also, some cats will start to salivate when they know they are going to be given an unpleasant tasting drug or an injection (this is psychological). Well, saliva necessarily starts flowing if the cat is given a bitter and tasteless medicine. For example, no-shpa tablets always cause profuse salivation, as well as drugs for worms.

Some cats suffer from motion sickness (which can lead to drooling when traveling). Foam at the mouth can be found in cats that feel nausea or vomiting (particularly due to the accumulation of hairballs in the stomach).

All of these causes lead to drooling, which is usually mild and short-lived. But if your cat is drooling or foaming at the mouth for no apparent reason, if drooling persists for more than an hour and a half, or if there are other symptoms, then it’s time to call the veterinarian. If drooling is not normal and typical for your cat, and suddenly it starts, this may be a sign that something is wrong with the pet.

The causes of drooling in cats can be:

Infection or damage to the salivary glands, salivary gland cyst;

Dental problems (gum disease, dental abscess, stomatitis, gingivitis, etc.);

Rabies (if, in addition to drooling, the animal behaves inappropriately);

Upper respiratory tract infections (rhinotracheitis, calicivirus), especially if salivation is accompanied by watery eyes and runny nose, sneezing, fever, loss of appetite;

Poisoning with certain poisons (for example, insecticides, flea sprays, or arsenic);

Wasp or bee sting (if the cat tries to hunt and eat these insects);

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (inflammation of the esophagus, swelling of the esophagus, hiatal hernia, bloating, stomach ulcer);

As you can see, there are many different reasons for excessive salivation. When contacting a veterinarian, you will need to provide as detailed a story as possible about your cat’s health, including about its vaccination, medications used, possible exposure to toxins, and other symptoms associated with drooling. Your doctor will need to distinguish between drooling from difficulty swallowing and drooling from nausea, accompanied by smacking and retching. A complete physical and neurological examination of your cat should also be performed, with particular attention to the mouth and neck. Diagnostic tools may include x-rays and ultrasounds to determine if there are problems in the structure of the liver or any other internal organs. If an immune disorder is suspected, your veterinarian may also want to perform a tissue and cell biopsy.

Your veterinarian will treat the underlying cause of ptyalism once it is identified and diagnosed. Depending on the cause of the drooling, your veterinarian will want to monitor and examine your cat as often as necessary to ensure that the treatment is effective.

Why is My Cat Drooling? When to See A Vet!

The main reasons why a cat smells from the mouth

When caring for their furry pet, owners often notice an unpleasant smell. There are several reasons why a cat has a bad breath, and, as a rule, they all indicate some kind of violation in the health of the animal. A timely visit to the veterinary institution will allow to identify pathology and begin treatment of the underlying disease.

Getting rid of unpleasant odors

After discovering that the pet has a breath, what to do to solve the problem is an important question for every owner. Do not self-medicate. The best an owner can do is take the animal to a veterinary clinic. The specialist will carefully examine the cat’s mouth for the presence of ulcers, foreign bodies, caries, etc.

If necessary, he will inject a sedative and clean the teeth of tartar with ultrasound. This manipulation will help eliminate bad breath, if its cause is the formation of tartar.

If the cause of halitosis is an incorrect change of milk teeth, then the young cat is removed them, providing a place for the growth of permanent.

If the doctor suspects a more serious pathology in the oral cavity (periodontal disease, pulpitis) or a disease of the salivary glands, then an X-ray examination may be prescribed.

If you suspect systemic diseases, the specialist will prescribe a general and biochemical analysis of blood and urine. In the event that the cause of halitosis is diseases of the internal organs, then after establishing the final diagnosis, the specialist will prescribe treatment for the pet depending on the disease.

The owner must understand that if a pet smells badly from the mouth, you should not mask the stench with special chewing gum, sprays, or treats for animals. It must be understood that such a symptom is not harmless and is most often associated with health problems.

The cat’s mouth smells like urine: what triggered the aroma

If the cat’s mouth smells like urine. then it is necessary to exclude renal failure, which is life-threatening. The development of uremia against the background of kidney failure leads to the smell of urine from the mouth of the animal and from the wool. Having found a symptom, the animal should be urgently shown to a veterinarian.

Worms in a cat: will there be a stench from the mouth

According to experienced breeders, worms in cats can lead to halitosis. Helminths, as a result of their vital activity, release toxic substances into the blood. In addition, under the influence of worms, food digestion is disturbed, fermentation and putrefactive processes develop, which aggravates the situation. In addition to halitosis, when an animal is infected with worms, the pet has diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, dull hair, loss of appetite.

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What the smell will tell

If the pet has a foul-smelling smell from the pet’s mouth, the owner can also pay attention to its character. Often, “aromatic” nuances can tell you exactly where the main problem lies:

  • Gastritis, stomach ulcers, diseases of the esophagus can signal themselves with a putrid odor.

Digestive organs in cats

  • A sweet smell is observed in liver diseases.
  • A strong ammoniacal odor is observed in case of kidney problems: kidney failure, urolithiasis, nephritis, which are often accompanied by halitosis in a pet.
  • The smell of acetone or overripe apples is characteristic of a systemic disease such as diabetes.
  • If your cat smells rotten from the mouth, then there is a high probability that the cause is dental problems or diseases of the digestive system.

Of course, it is impossible to diagnose only on the basis of the specifics of the stench. The owner needs to look for other symptoms besides bad breath and have a clinical examination at the veterinary clinic.

Watch this video about the causes of bad breath in cats:

What causes a cat’s mouth to smell like ammonia and sweet aromas

Having discovered that the cat’s mouth smells like ammonia, the owner should be aware that kidney and liver problems may be the cause of this phenomenon. With renal failure, pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, filtration of primary urine is impaired, and nitrogen metabolism products enter the blood.

A) Normal kidney; B) the initial stage of polycystic kidney disease with minimal changes in the parenchyma in the form of small cavities; C) the final stage of EPP, when the parenchyma is completely replaced by cystic cavities

The smell of a cat may change due to the presence of a neoplasm. Tumors, especially of a malignant nature, are characterized by a change in metabolism, the ingress of toxins and tissue breakdown products into the bloodstream. These processes are often accompanied by halitosis in animals.

In some cases, diseases of the respiratory system. pharyngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia. can also be accompanied by odor from the mouth as a result of the inflammatory process.

What makes a cat run out of its mouth and stink

Often the cat has a runny mouth and stinks when the salivary glands are swollen or inflamed. Increased salivation along with stench often accompanies pathologies such as periodontal disease, pulpitis. If a symptom is found, the owner should inspect the cat’s mouth for foreign objects.

What will you learn from the article

Increased salivation in a cat is a process that has several scientific names: ptyalism, hypersalivation, sialorrhea. The reasons for this phenomenon are also different. Among them there are both absolutely safe and indicative of the presence of some kind of pathology. Therefore, it is important to identify the cause in a timely manner in order to help the pet if necessary.

Treatment of increased salivation in cats

As we have already said. self-medication is not permissible! Diagnosis should be done by a veterinarian. After the diagnosis is made, a treatment regimen will be prescribed, which must be strictly adhered to.

If a cat is drooling, and she is completely healthy. the causes of ptyalism are of a psychological or physiological nature, then this condition quickly goes away on its own. Give your cat a chance to rest and sleep after stress or strenuous exercise.

If drooling flows after interacting with frogs, insects, lizards. rinse the pet’s mouth, the drooling will stop. A foreign body in the oral cavity can be removed by yourself using tweezers or by hand. After that, treat the oral mucosa with “Chlorhexidine”.

Pathological causes of hypersalivation are determined only in the clinic based on the results of diagnostic studies. The doctor examines the mouth to look for sores, neoplasms, and wounds. If a foreign body is suspected in the esophagus, an ultrasound scan is done. The analysis of feces allows you to identify helminthic invasion. To detect somatic diseases, blood and urine tests of the animal are carried out. Washes from the mucous membrane, tissue biopsy. performed if necessary.

Based on the research results, the doctor prescribes treatment. Helminthic invasion is treated with anthelmintic drugs: “Selamectin”, “Milbemycin”, “Prazicid”, etc. If liver, kidney, gastrointestinal tract diseases are detected, a therapeutic diet and drug therapy are prescribed. When neoplasms are detected, surgical intervention is required. Injuries and diseases of the oral cavity are treated with special ointments and drops.

Dental problems are eliminated with appropriate drugs: silver nitrate, sodium fluoride. Diseased teeth are removed. Viral infections require taking antiviral drugs: Vitafed, Gamavit, Fosprenil.

A poisoned pet is washed with a stomach, given activated charcoal and provided with plenty of drink. If the pet is poisoned with alkali or acid, it is necessary to take special solutions in a clinic. Rabies is incurable. the cat is euthanized.

Why does the cat drool

Symptoms of increased salivation in cats

To notice hypersalivation, you do not need to look into your pet’s mouth. Signs of profuse salivation:

  • There is always clear or frothy saliva around the mouth. Drooling even in sleep.
  • The hair on the chest, chin and throat of the cat is wet all the time.
  • The animal often swallows saliva and washes too thoroughly and for a long time.
  • The tip of the cat’s tongue is constantly sticking out of the mouth.
  • The animal persistently rubs its muzzle against furniture, human legs, walls.
  • Long-haired pets have “icicles” on their coat.
  • The bed is wet with saliva.

Others can join these signs: lethargy, foaming at the mouth, nervousness, active licking of the coat.

Why does a cat drool. physiological and pathological reasons

The causes of ptyalism (increased salivation) can be completely different, so you should not self-medicate. the diagnosis should be made by a veterinarian.

The owner’s duty is to notice the anomaly and show the pet to a specialist.

By their nature, all reasons are divided into three large groups:

  • physiological,
  • psychological,
  • pathological.

Let’s start with the safest. physiological:

  • An unconditioned reflex is a reaction to food. Some cats are overly sensitive. the cat will drool when it sees and sniffs its favorite food. This phenomenon is called pseudo-opticalism. Here it is worth changing the feed for the best one.
  • A similar reaction can be to unpleasant drugs: no-shpu, anthelmintic drugs.
  • The period of sexual heat (estrus). Drooling occurs due to a hormonal surge in the animal’s body.
  • The growth and change of teeth can be accompanied by inflammation in the oral cavity. salivation increases, the cat smells from the mouth.

Physiological causes do not require veterinary intervention.

Psychological causes of increased salivation:

  • Reaction to the caress of the owner. When you pet an overly sensitive cat or scratch it behind the ear, it drools with pleasure. This behavior is inherent in long-faced cat breeds: sphynx, oriental cat, etc.
  • Stressful state. A cat drools from its mouth when the animal is stressed due to intrusive attention, a change of residence, a new pet, or a large number of guests. Stop stress will help here.
  • Traveling in transport. the cat is drooling due to motion sickness. The animal may vomit.

If none of the above reasons are present, then you need to sound the alarm and contact your veterinarian.

Pathological causes of hypersalivation

Pathological causes include infectious and non-infectious diseases and other painful conditions.

  • Feline leukemia (viral leukemia). The disease affects the hematopoietic system, suppresses the animal’s immunity. Main symptoms: gingivitis, tooth loss, chronic stomatitis, profuse salivation.
  • Rabies is contagious to humans, a deadly disease. It is accompanied by increased animal aggressiveness, photophobia, inappropriate behavior. The cat’s tongue sticks out, the mouth is foam.
  • Respiratory tract infections: rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, etc. Sneezing, mouth ulcers, fever, discharge from the eyes and nose are added to hypersalivation.
  • Tetanus. The cat has impaired muscle mobility, spasms and cramps appear, and difficulty breathing.
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: hernia of the esophagus, flatulence, ulcer, tumor of the esophagus.
  • Diseases of the oral cavity: gingivitis, stomatitis, tartar, caries.
  • Chronic renal failure.
  • Traumatic brain injury: concussion, brain contusion.
  • Diabetes.
  • A portosystemic (acquired) shunt is an abnormality in which some of the blood flow is not cleared by the liver. This leads to intoxication of the body and the development of hepatic encephalopathy. The disease is accompanied by disorders of the central nervous system, hypersalivation.
  • Benign and malignant growths in the salivary glands and oral cavity.
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Other conditions characterized by ptyalism

  • Poisoning with rat and mouse poisons, chemicals (household chemicals), medicines, flea drops, poisonous plants.
  • Dislocated jaw. the cat cannot close its mouth, it is drooling from it.
  • Ingress of a foreign body into the oral cavity: a bone, a piece of a toy.
  • Bee stings, wasps, bumblebees.
  • Allergic reaction to an irritant substance.
  • Heatstroke.
  • Eating specific foods: lizards, frogs, insects.
  • Helminthic invasions.
  • Salivary gland injuries.
  • Intestinal blockage with hairballs (trichobezoars).

All these diseases and pathological conditions require accurate diagnosis in a veterinary clinic and prompt medical assistance.

Prophylaxis

What to do to avoid the problem of excessive salivation by your pet:

  • Use a protective collar when treating fleas from a cat. the animal will not be able to accidentally lick the medicine.
  • Observe the diet. do not give expired food to cats, there should be no bones in the food.
  • Store household chemicals, poisonous substances, medicines out of the reach of pets.
  • Give your pets anthelmintic drugs regularly (once a quarter).
  • Limit access to poisonous houseplants. Give up the cultivation of poisonous flowers.
  • Clean your pet’s mouth (teeth, tongue). Do it on an ongoing basis.
  • Don’t skip routine vaccinations against infectious diseases.
  • Always keep the trash bin closed to prevent cats from getting poisoned by its contents.
  • Forbid yourself and your household to give animals food from the human table. Smoked meats, canned food, sausages, pickles and sweets are especially dangerous.
  • Do not neglect scheduled preventive examinations.

Follow these simple guidelines to keep your pet from getting sick.

Poisoning

As a rule, any poisoning is accompanied by an increase in the work of the salivary glands. this is a kind of protective reaction of the body to a harmful substance. If there is a suspicion of poisoning, a visit to a doctor is required immediately, because sometimes it goes on for minutes. Each chemical has its own symptomatic complex. However, without experience, it is difficult to independently determine the cause of poisoning and even distinguish poisoning from an infectious disease. the main symptoms (fever, vomiting, diarrhea) are similar, and time can be lost.

Infectious diseases

The causes of ptyalism in infectious diseases are multidimensional:

  • nausea;
  • sores and other problems with the oral mucosa;
  • rhinitis or conjunctivitis;
  • damage to the nervous system.

This symptom should be treated very carefully, since sometimes, with atypical infections, hypersalivation is the only symptom. However, most often hypersalivation in infections complements the characteristic clinical picture. and among other symptoms, the most common are fever, symptoms of dehydration and intoxication, and others typical for a particular disease. over, in some diseases, the cat is drooling at the stages when the treatment is already late.

Why do cats have increased salivation?

Salivation is scientifically called salivation. This process is reflex, it is regulated by the nervous system. Sometimes owners are puzzled by the question: why does a cat drool from its mouth, if it is generally healthy? The degree of salivation depends on many factors: salivation increases at the sight or smell of tasty food, during licking, sometimes during moments of stress or when petting.

Trauma

Any injury to the pharynx and oral cavity will be accompanied by increased salivation. this is also a defensive reaction, since saliva has bactericidal and wound healing properties. Sometimes minor injuries to the oral cavity do not require serious treatment. the action of saliva is enough. But the help of a doctor is still required, since the cause of the injury may be a foreign object that must be removed.

When drooling is a cause for concern?

Usually, natural reflex reactions are short-lived, go away on their own and are not accompanied by other symptoms. But if a cat is drooling from the mouth for a long time or immediately very strongly, similar to foam, accompanied by some strange symptoms, an urgent diagnosis is needed. The cause of increased salivation can be various infectious diseases, pathologies of the digestive system, poisoning and injuries of the pharynx and oral cavity, dental problems.

Hypersalivation or ptyalims requires urgent diagnosis, since some diseases are dangerous not only for the animal, but also for others.

When drooling is the norm?

Increased salivation before meals is normal. Even if the cat is not hungry, smelling the yummy, it may well drool.

A lot of saliva is released even if the cat ate something tasteless: a bitter pill, spicy or simply tasteless food. this is how the animal’s body reflexively tries to get rid of, in its opinion, food of poor quality.

Why Your Cat Is Drooling, and What You Can Do About It

Salivation also increases during licking. And, if you interrupt the process of washing, then the cat will drool. Increased salivation accompanies the process of getting rid of hairballs accumulated in the stomach.

Stress often causes the salivary glands to stop working temporarily. If the negative impact was short-term, then in the process of adapting to a stressful situation, the salivary glands at the first moment can secrete more saliva than usual. That is why, after the experiences, cats begin to lick themselves vigorously. Another cause of excess salivation during stress is nausea.

Many are surprised why a cat drool from its mouth when it is petted. At the same time, an unnecessary sucking reflex is triggered: experiencing pleasant emotions, the animal recalls its early childhood, when the mother cat was feeding and licking her kitten. And the sucking reflex enhances the secretory function of the salivary glands. By the way, there is a pattern: the less the kitten sucked its mother, the more in adulthood the cat will drool at the moments of caresses.

Dental problems

In a cat, saliva flows from the mouth even due to common caries, which is also accompanied by damage to the oral mucosa. By themselves, dental problems do not pose a serious danger. But advanced caries and other dental diseases can lead to their loss: for a cat, this is a serious problem, since it will not be able to eat normally.

Internal illnesses

Most often, hypersalivation is a consequence of nausea and is more typical for diseases of the digestive tract. However, it can also be a symptom of other pathologies: diabetes mellitus. kidney disease, tumors. But even if the owner knows about the diagnosis, the symptom of which may be hypersalivation, it still does not hurt to clarify the diagnosis. Why? It is possible that the cat is drooling more for another reason.

    Watch what you feed your animal. Check his mouth regularly for injuries or foreign bodies.

If the food is natural, then you will have to make sure that the cat does not eat the bone.

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Pathological causes

For physiological reasons, not strong salivation is considered the norm.

Often the owner does not even notice this. But if this phenomenon becomes too pronounced, then it is urgent to determine its cause:

    Diseases of the oral cavity. This happens when there are wounds in the mouth or if food gets stuck between the teeth. Often, this can be caused by various inflammations in the oral cavity, for example, abscesses, stomatitis or dental diseases. It is quite easy to identify this. You can look into the open mouth of a cat, or feel various inflammations with your fingers at the muzzle. There are times when the owner, opening the mouth of the cat, notices a foreign body in the teeth. If you are able to get it yourself, then this can be done with tweezers or hands. After that, it is necessary to treat the oral cavity with a disinfectant solution to avoid further inflammation.

If the cat has a lot of hair and is constantly licking itself, then this may be the cause of increased saliva production.

A foreign body in a cat is clearly visible on an x-ray

In any of these cases, only the veterinarian himself can make an accurate diagnosis. Therefore, you should not resort to self-medication at home. It is dangerous for the cat’s health.

What to do if your cat is salivating profusely?

The main thing is to see a doctor immediately. The veterinarian will conduct the necessary research, take tests from your animal and determine an accurate diagnosis. If the cause is simple, then the treatment will take place at home. If something serious comes to light, then your cat may need hospitalization and medical intervention.

When contacting your veterinarian, you should be prepared to answer a number of questions about your pet’s behavior and nutrition. Some diseases are easy to identify simply by signs, therefore, to speed up the diagnosis, you need to be attentive to your animal.

Why cats are drooling from their mouths as clear as water: how to treat and what to do?

Saliva is necessary not only for humans, but also for cats, as it plays a very important role in the digestion process. If you notice increased salivation in your cat, don’t panic. The reasons for this phenomenon can be not only various diseases, but also simple physiological phenomena. To understand why a pet is drooling, you need to understand everything in order.

How to tell if your cat is salivating?

  • Wet face and neck.
  • Wet icicles on the animal’s chest.
  • The cat often swallows saliva.
  • Washes his face more often than usual.
  • After sleeping, wet spots remain on the pet’s bed.

An attentive owner will immediately notice this and think about the reasons for this phenomenon.

Where Does Drool Come From (Physiological Causes)

Excessive salivation can occur in the following cases:

  • During or before feeding.
  • With strong moral agitation.
  • At high ambient temperature and humidity.
  • Car ride.
  • Taking medications.
  • Vaccine for worms.

But in such cases, this phenomenon quickly and without a trace passes.

It is worth contacting a doctor immediately if you notice that the animal is drooling continuously, and in addition to everything there is foam or bad breath.

Drooling in a cat with flowing transparent drops like water and bad breath: causes, diagnosis and prevention

Cat owners can face a variety of medical conditions in their pets. Symptoms include cat’s breath and excessive drooling.

When a cat develops an unpleasant odor from the mouth (ammonia, putrefactive or acetone), this indicates an imbalance in his body. This problem in medicine is called halitosis (halitosis).

Causes of drooling from the mouth in cats

When an excessive flow of saliva appears in cats, you need to know the reasons that contribute to this. There are physiological, psychological and pathological.

  • From the body’s reaction to food. From contemplation of food can promote the secretion of gastric juice and the active work of the salivary glands. This process can also occur while eating.
  • When you show affection for an animal, a salivary reaction may appear.
  • In the case of taking a medicine that tastes bitter (anthelmintic tablets, no-spa), profuse salivation may flow.
  • When feeding with new food, there may be copious salivation.
  • As a result of nervous overstrain of the animal, a strong flow of saliva occurs.
  • Riding on public transport when the animal is stressed or seasick causes such a manifestation in the body.
  • Severe stress in the animal, arises from long communication with children.

There are many reasons for this, it is almost impossible to do without a veterinarian. This range includes:

  • Viral infections. This period is characterized by an increase in temperature, increased thirst causing nausea and profuse salivation in the cat. There are times when, with a viral infection, the cat has an unpleasant smell from the mouth.
  • In case of poisoning (from garbage, street food, chemicals, chocolate, medicines and other products).
  • Diseases of the teeth and problems with the oral cavity. This can be noticed if the cat very carefully chews food, there may also be a foreign body in its mouth, which may be accompanied by a protruding tongue. In this case, the cat is taken to the veterinary clinic.
  • With digestive problems, excessive salivation will flow, which is usually accompanied by a putrid odor.
  • Saliva from the mouth is often the presence of helminths in the cat’s body.
  • Cat allergies may drool.
  • With cancer, there is a bad smell and increased salivation.
  • As a result of untimely loss of milk teeth in a kitten, bad breath with drooling occurs.

Worms or helminthiasis

Failure to combat parasites in a timely manner or lack thereof leads to infection of the cat with worms, which can cause excessive salivation.

Poisoning

Poisoning in felines is rare, but possible. Cats can be poisoned by certain houseplants, ratsicides, medications, mercury, household chemicals and spoiled food. Why is the cat drooling from the mouth in this case? The body activates the digestive system in order to remove toxic substances as soon as possible.

For this reason, diarrhea and vomiting, in addition to hypersalivation, in the first hours after poisoning, are common symptoms. Subsequently, a picture of general intoxication develops, expressed in the form of signs of a violation of the nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems.

Poisoning in cats requires immediate medical attention if symptoms worsen over the next 4 hours.

Diseases that cause excessive salivation in cats

Other viral diseases

Fever, gastrointestinal problems, coughing, sneezing, nasal and eye discharge in addition to excessive drooling are all symptoms of viral diseases.

Their true nature can only be determined by a veterinarian by prescribing a laboratory study of swabs from the pharynx, nose, eyes and ears.

Diagnostics of the flow of saliva in a cat

When there is a bad odor from the oral cavity, or there is a protruding tongue with an active flow of saliva, it means that it is necessary to carry out a diagnosis in order to subsequently carry out the correct treatment.

  • The veterinarian first examines the oral cavity for foreign bodies.
  • The second rule is the examination of the tongue and teeth, for the presence of inflammation in the oral cavity, chips, wounds.
  • Do x-rays and ultrasound in case of a foreign object stuck in the esophagus.
  • To determine helminths, take a blood test and feces.
  • To identify problems with the genitourinary system, a urine test is done.
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