home Dogs Why does a dog get black spots?

Why does a dog get black spots?

The main reasons for the appearance of black spots on the tongue

Alas, these symptoms do not appear just like that. But still, in many cases, they can be just age spots that can appear on any part of the body.

does, black, spots

Why some golden retrievers have a black spot on their tongue

True, even in this case, you should not relax, since the age spot at any time can “mutate” into something more serious:

  • Melanoma. This is a malignant tumor, which, according to statistics from veterinarians from all over the world, is especially common in dogs. The neoplasm is usually dark in color. It is very aggressive, which is why areas of ulceration often appear at the site of the spots, as well as around them.
  • Epidermoid carcinoma. It also belongs to the category of malignant neoplasms. Typically, it is found in dogs eight years of age and older. In younger animals, this type of oncology rarely develops. Usually localized based on language. The tumor is extremely aggressive, but not prone to rapid metastasis.
  • Fibrosarcoma. And in this case we are talking about a malignant neoplasm. It is believed that it is fibrocarcinoma that occurs in about 20% of all cases of neoplasms in the oral cavity. The tumor itself is characterized by low aggressiveness, but is prone to metastasis to the lungs. In about 70% of cases, by the time it is detected, there are already foci in the lungs.
  • Sticker’s sarcoma. Usually this malignant tumor affects the genitals, but with frequent licking, transmissible transmission is possible.

Fibrosarcoma

This type of neoplasm has a very dense, elastic consistency. The tumor has a tendency to rapid infiltrative growth into the bone tissue, but it does not give metastases so often.

The only treatment is surgery. Radio and chemotherapy usually do not give a pronounced effect. In view of the high aggressiveness and in the case of deep damage to the bones of the pet’s skull, it is recommended to euthanize the animal. The prognosis is slightly better only with minor damage to the tongue and teeth (and the latter will have to be removed).

Causes of the formation of black spots on the dog’s tongue

You don’t need a medical background to understand how oral health affects your dog’s appetite and therefore overall health. Any pathology of this part of the body is fraught with the loss of both. Sometimes they point to deadly pathologies. If the dog has black spots on the tongue, a veterinarian consultation is necessary.

Pydermoid carcinoma

Ranked second in terms of occurrence. Despite the weak tendency to metastasis, this type of neoplasm is considered one of the most dangerous. Survival is low and there is no effective treatment. After surgery, life expectancy rarely exceeds nine months. If the treatment is supplemented by radio and chemotherapy, it is possible to extend the life of the pet up to about one and a half years.

Characteristics of Tongue Tumors

Since each of these neoplasms has its own “character”, each type of tumor must be described separately.

Melanoma

As we already wrote, it is distinguished by a dark color, usually painted in a gradation of black or dark brown shades. In addition, cases have been described when there is no pigment at all in the thickness of the melanoma, which makes the tumor look like a white growth. The stage of cancer in this case can be determined by measuring the size of the neoplasm:

  • At the first stage, it is no more than 2 cm.
  • The second stage is characterized by a size of about two to four centimeters.
  • In the third stage, the diameter of the tumor can reach five more centimeters.
  • The classification of the fourth stage is controversial. Its size can be almost any, but in this case, the neoplasm already has time to give metastases to the internal organs.

Drug treatment is ineffective. Surgery gives good results only in the first stage, and the average life span in this case rarely exceeds two years. In the fourth and third stages, euthanasia is recommended, since even after a successful operation, the animal rarely lives more than three months. To increase the duration and improve the quality of life, it is recommended to conduct radio and chemotherapy.

Sticker’s sarcoma

As in the past, this type of malignant tumor is characterized by aggressive behavior, but it is much better treatable. If the lesion is small (no more than three centimeters), vincristine and additional radiotherapy give good results. With timely detection of a tumor and promptly started treatment, the survival period can be raised to five years or even more.

If the diameter of the neoplasm exceeds four centimeters, the only way to save the dog is aggressive surgery with the removal of all affected and suspicious tissue, supplemented by radio and chemotherapy.

A dog has dark spots on the skin: causes and symptoms of acanthosis black and similar diseases, home treatment

Darkening of the skin in a dog can be caused by many reasons and can be both hereditary and acquired. Black or brown spots are often a sign of hormonal imbalance, metabolic disorders, atopic dermatitis, but the disease can be much more dangerous: for example, one of the most aggressive malignant tumors, melanoma, also manifests itself. How is acanthosis diagnosed and how to treat it?

Secondary acanthokeratoderma

Secondary acanthoderma occurs in all breeds, but small smooth-haired dogs. pugs, dachshunds. are most susceptible to it. In this case, such symptoms are only an external manifestation of internal diseases:

Lentigo simplex

Lentigo is a benign neoplasm that consists of melanocytes. The causes of lentigo simplex can be different, ranging from genetic characteristics to exposure to ultraviolet radiation, especially in smooth-haired and hairless dogs. Occasionally, dark spots can degenerate into malignant tumors.

Black Skin Disease | Skin Disease in Dogs | Dr Pallabi Vet

Unlike acanthosis, with lentigo, age spots protrude above the level of the skin. They are painless, not itchy, and not prone to ulceration. In most cases, the disease does not require treatment, unless the animal systematically damages the speck or there is no threat of its degeneration.

Forms, causes and symptoms of acanthosis black in dogs

Why does the skin on the body of a Yorkie or a pug turn black? Acanthosis. hyperpigmentation, in which certain areas of the skin darken, become almost brown and even black. The disease occurs in humans and pets, including dogs. Most often, spots appear in the folds. on the neck, paws, abdomen, groin, under the arms, on the nipples, and nails. What does acanthosis black look like in dogs, you can see the photo.

Primary acanthokeratoderma

Veterinarians distinguish three forms of acanthoderma:

  • primary;
  • secondary;
  • pseudoacanthosis.

The primary form of the disease occurs in representatives of only one breed. dachshund. Dachshund diseases can manifest themselves regardless of the sex or age of the dog. The causes of hyperpigmentation are unknown, but since the disease occurs in only one breed, we can talk about genetic abnormalities and hereditary predisposition.

Hormonal imbalance

One of the most common causes of skin darkening is hormonal disruptions. The thyroid gland is the most important organ that regulates many processes in the body, including growth and metabolism. If the thyroid gland is malfunctioning, a malfunction occurs, one of the symptoms of which may be the formation of brown or black dots.

Hyperpigmentation can result from an imbalance in sex hormones. At risk are pets over 5 years old that have been castrated. Treatment is performed with hormonal drugs: injections, ointments, creams.

Manifestation of atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. It is based on an allergic inflammatory process, which is triggered by pollen, food allergens, and chemicals. Unfortunately, atopic dermatitis cannot be completely cured, but you can determine what is the provoking factor and exclude or minimize contact of the dog with it.

The characteristic symptoms of the disease are constant itching, the appearance of spots on the skin, the color of which ranges from pink to black. The animal combs the spots until bloody scratches, its hair falls out, bleeding bald patches form. Extensive suppurating, non-healing sores appear, into which the infection enters. Dogs with dermatitis often suffer from eye and ear infections and bowel problems.

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Diseases provoking spots on the abdomen

Somewhat less often than from mistakes in keeping, dogs appear on the abdomen of spots caused by diseases. One of several pathologies can cause skin discoloration.

  • Atopic dermatitis. It is a congenital genetic disease in which the body’s sensitivity to various allergens increases significantly. As a result, the dog becomes especially susceptible to skin allergens. Due to this negative reaction, dark or almost black spots appear on the abdomen, where hair is absent or present in a smaller amount.
  • Acanthosis black. With a congenital disease, spots appear in an animal even before a year. often in this form, pathology is found in dachshunds. The acquired disease appears in a dog regardless of age and breed. The main reasons provoking pathology are obesity and damage to the body by staphylococci. Impaired skin pigmentation is present throughout the body, but is more clearly visible on the abdomen due to its visual accessibility with a small amount of wool.
  • Lentigo. Pathology occurs in adult dogs. With it, the dog has dark spots on the belly and chest appear in bulk. They do not cause discomfort to the animal and are painless when palpated. Throughout a dog’s life, the spots do not change their size and color. No treatment required. Especially common with dachshunds.
  • Hormonal Disorders. Their main reason is malfunctions of the reproductive system in the animal. Spots are more common in dogs over 5 years old that have not been spayed or neutered and have never been mated.
  • Pigmented malignant tumors. May occur mainly in older dogs. They are flat or protrude above the skin, but not more than 1 mm. Their color is dark, sometimes almost black. The possibility of treatment is determined by the condition of the animal.

Home treatment

Aloe juice is good for skin diseases.

Folk remedies can be used only when the disease is in its early stages. If the pathology is running, it can only be treated in a veterinary clinic.

Diagnostics

With sarcoptic mange, the dog begins to lose hair.

To clarify the diagnosis, the veterinarian first takes a scraping from the affected area. Most often, the tick lives on:

  • case;
  • head;
  • paws.

The main sign of sarcoptic mange is active hair loss. The skin darkens, folds form on it, dandruff appears. The affected area is very itchy, resulting in scratching.

Sarcoptic mange is treated with medication. In some cases, the disease is transmitted to the owner. Parts of the body in contact with the dog begin to itch excruciatingly.

Skin diseases in dogs

The largest organ of a dog’s body is the skin. This is a powerful barrier that stops the penetration of dangerous microorganisms into the body. As a unique thermostat and natural “conditioner”, leather has a number of important functions.

By its condition, the owner can determine whether the pet is healthy or sick. The following factors have a negative effect on the skin:

  • Hormonal imbalance.
  • Hypovitaminosis.
  • Cardiac pathology.
  • Unbalanced diet.

An unbalanced diet can cause skin diseases.

Fungal pathologies

Microsporia is usually diagnosed in dogs. This pathology is provoked by the fungus Microsporum canis. Identifying the disease is easy enough. The veterinarian brings the dog under an ultraviolet lamp. The fungus living on the skin is highlighted with a greenish color. If necessary, the sick animal is sent for laboratory examination.

Many fungal pathologies are dangerous to humans.

Causes of Acanthosis Black in Dogs

Many people associate the disease exclusively with the Dachshund breed, but this is only partly true. The fact is that acanthosis black has three subspecies:

  • Primary;
  • Secondary;
  • Pseudoacanthosis.

Photo. Acanthosis black in a dog.

The primary type is really found only in dachshunds, and with equal chances it can affect both males and females. The disease manifests itself very early. the dog does not have time to turn one year old. This trend has formed the opinion among veterinarians that the source of the disease is in heredity. In other cases, acanthosis can be a consequence of chronic diseases, more often endocrinological, or renal pathologies.

Secondary acanthosis nigricans can occur in any breed of dog (but is more common in smooth-haired dogs). In this case, keratinization of the skin is only a side symptom of the underlying disease. They can be:

  • Benign or malignant neoplasm;
  • Diseases of the internal organs;
  • Problems with the genitourinary system;
  • Disorders of the thyroid gland;
  • Stress;
  • Obesity;
  • Negative environmental impact.

Pseudoacanthosis is a chronic or acquired skin inflammation that is similar in symptoms to this disease. Outwardly, the rash looks the same as with full-fledged acanthosis. Allergies, dermatitis, hormonal disruptions, obesity and a sedentary lifestyle provoke its appearance.

The dog has a black belly

Fungal skin diseases

Rare fungal diseases for dogs are dangerous for humans, so if you suspect a fungus, you need to immediately take action.

If your pet is sick with dermatomycosis, you need to take action. Treatment is medication.

About treatment

Thus, many dental diseases in dogs are latent, often asymptomatic but they almost always lead to the loss of these very teeth. In the most advanced cases, even young dogs simply have nothing left to chew and tear food, as a result of which they absorb it in large pieces and constantly suffer from digestive disorders.

Treatment depends on the severity of the problem. In all cases, a preliminary examination must be carried out. Since this requires complete immobility of the dog, this procedure is (most often) performed only under full anesthesia. If there are pronounced inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, before starting treatment, the dog is prescribed a course of potent antibiotics of broad Spectra action (in order to avoid septic phenomena).

In mild cases of tartar or with an abundance of plaque, it is simple to fix the matter: you need to brush your pet’s teeth using a soft brush (children’s) and a small amount of baking soda. In other situations, removal is performed with ultrasound or chemical solvents, while the dog is immersed in anesthesia. Neglected cases of resorption, caries, trauma. all this leads to the need for surgical resection of the affected tooth.

If there is such an opportunity (in terms of equipment and doctor’s experience), canine teeth can also be filled. But there are nuances here. Firstly, all operations must be performed with perfect accuracy, since the enamel layer in predatory animals is quite thin, it is very easy to damage it. Secondly, in small breeds of dogs, the teeth are frankly small, it is simply dangerous to drill a canal in them, and therefore it is recommended to immediately use implants (which is extremely expensive). Finally, after all such interventions, it is necessary to bring the pet for an examination at least once a quarter.

Even experienced dog breeders sometimes learn about the existence of such a discipline as veterinary dentistry with sincere surprise. It is this ignorance that leads to the fact that even relatively young dogs sometimes remain without teeth, with only stumps over the bleeding craters of the gums. Unpleasant, right? But in the early stages, all gum diseases in dogs (and there are, in fact, very few of them) are easily and without consequences treated! So all owners need to fix a simple reflex in themselves. at least once a week, carefully (as far as possible) examine the mouth of their pet. We assure you that it will not be superfluous!

So, we have already indirectly mentioned that gum disease is not particularly diverse. over, it is more correct to consider them in a general context together with pathologies of teeth and other organs of the oral cavity. In veterinary medicine and medicine, there is a separate term for this. periodontal disease. In general, almost always, when it comes to gum disease, they talk about their inflammation, that is, gingivitis. But the reasons why this phenomenon occurs are somewhat more (but even here everything is quite the same type).

Gingivitis is an acute or chronic disease of the gums that causes redness and bleeding. Sometimes small ulcers may appear on them. Lack of correct and timely treatment of the disease can lead to the development of periodontal disease or periodontitis and, as a result, to the loss of teeth. Timely and correct treatment of gingivitis and periodontal disease (in the early stages) leads to a complete recovery and allows you to preserve the dog’s teeth.

The main reason for the development of gingivitis is improper oral hygiene or its complete absence (which, for obvious reasons, happens often in dogs). Most often, gum disease develops in elderly pets. The fact is that they can no longer chew tough food. But they are a natural “toothbrush” for dogs.

The development of gingivitis and other inflammatory pathologies of the gums can be influenced by many predisposing factors, which veterinarians are divided into two large groups: external and internal. External reasons for the development of gingivitis include:

  • Damage to the mucous membrane of the gums. Her injury can occur as a result of burning the gums, brushing your teeth with a very hard brush (yes, you need to take care of the dog wisely). Dogs very often damage the gums as a result of eating bones (especially tubular. beef and chicken). Damage to the mucous membrane can also occur as a result of exposure to corrosive chemicals. It is necessary to hide household chemicals well from children and pets.!
  • Infectious diseases of the oral cavity. So, for example, frequent stomatitis can damage the gingival mucosa and provoke the development of an inflammatory reaction.
  • Medical intervention. The veterinarian or the pet owner himself may accidentally injure the gum when grinding a tooth while treating resorption. Rough removal of a cracked or chipped tooth leads to a similar result.
  • Bad habits of the dog. It sounds, of course, paradoxical, but in animals that constantly catch fleas with their teeth or often lick paw pads, the incidence of gum disease (as well as general pathologies of the oral cavity) is immediately higher by 63%!
  • Radiation sickness.
  • Long-term use of hormonal drugs. The worst thing is that such funds, with prolonged and improper use, can lead to the development of fungal infection of the gums. And such pathologies are treated hard and for a long time, in the process the dog may be left without half of its teeth.
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Internal causes of gingivitis include:

  • Malocclusion. Alas, in the same bulldogs and pugs, chronic inflammation of the gums occurs in almost every second animal. There is nothing to be done about this. the wrong structure of their jaws contributes to this very much. In especially severe cases, the unfortunate pet even has to remove “extra” teeth, followed by excision of the gum tissue.
  • Endocrine and cardiovascular diseases.
  • Decreased immune status. It is often observed in older dogs, as well as those dogs whose owners save a lot on the treatment of their pets.
  • Acute vitamin deficiency (for the reasons described above).
  • Diseases of the teeth, as well as the formation of plaque and tartar (the most common cause of all gum disease).
  • Improper or irregular oral care.
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. However, there is also an inverse correlation. a dog with sore gums and teeth will never have a healthy digestive tract.
  • Immunodeficiency states (diabetes mellitus, cancer and others).
  • Frequent respiratory tract infections.

Resorption of dental tissue

Perhaps one of the most unpleasant pathologies in the “dental segment”. This is the name of a disease in which tooth tissues begin to degrade and break down. It is more often detected in cats, but this trouble has not been spared either by dogs, unfortunately. There are five stages of resorption:

  • First. Moderate loss of dental tissue, cement or enamel (only). At this stage, you can notice only small defects on the neck of the tooth (and even then. with a very careful examination). No sensitivity, lesions have not yet reached deep layers.
  • Second. The process of softening the cement and enamel goes even further, leading to the loss of dentin. The damage has not yet reached the pulp of the tooth, there is still no pain and sensitivity. Only minor defects are visible from the outside.
  • Third. Cement, enamel and dentin are already strongly “eaten away” by the destruction process, and at this stage, damage to the pulp is often recorded. There is already soreness and sensitivity, but still most of the tooth remains viable.
  • Fourth. Extensive bone loss leads to massive tooth decay. The remaining tissue after resorption loses much of its solid structure. There are three subcategories: 4a (the crown and root are equally damaged), 4b (the crown is more affected) and 4c (the root is more affected than the crown). Severe pain and tenderness, but they gradually subside due to the death of nerves and pulp.
  • Fifth. Only a small piece of the tooth remains above the gum surface. Pain is gone (usually).

The reasons

First, it may be due to the color of the animal. Black wool is also black spots on the skin and even on the mucous membrane. So, pets with this color have a black sky immediately at birth, but it can also appear over time in the process of growing up. This is completely normal and is due to the genetic characteristics of animals with this color. Owners who notice that the gums of a dog have turned black in adolescence should not worry. this is normal and does not cause any harm.

Secondly, the gums really turn black due to diseases. This can be a sign of tissue necrosis, which is very dangerous and indicates a neglected problem. Such changes cannot be reversed, it is necessary to contact a veterinary surgeon for an operation. The treatment will be long enough, including antibiotic therapy and restoration of the body’s immune functions. It is also necessary to find out the reason why suppuration or necrosis of tissues began, perhaps there are wounds on the gums or the help of a dentist with aching teeth is required.

Black gums are also called cases when, due to hemorrhage, the mucous membrane becomes maroon in color. The gums in this case are not only dark, but also swollen, they are probably inflamed and sore. The dog will not allow itself to be examined and will whine when pressing on the darkened area. This is how the disease can be distinguished from the simple details of the color. by the reaction of the animal to touching a suspicious place.

How not to miss a developing disease?

When examining your pet, be sure to wash and disinfect your hands. The dog should be calm, if it breaks loose and is afraid, then you need to let it relax a little and take it to the veterinarian. with the help of a professional, everything will turn out faster. At home baseline examination, you need to pay attention to a number of signs that probably indicate that there are dental or general health problems.

  • A violent or restless reaction to being examined, which suggests that touching the dog hurts.
  • Refusal of food or only partial reception of it, when the animal simply sits over the bowl for a long time.
  • Traces of blood on the lips or in a bowl of water, may also be on the gums or hair around.
  • Putrid odor from the mouth, which manifests itself not only immediately after eating, but at any time.
  • Lethargy, the pet’s desire to hide, but it can also be the other way around, when the dog is looking for attention and seems to be trying to put its muzzle in the owner’s hands in search of help.
  • High temperature, which indicates the presence of infection in the body.

It is not necessary that all of these signs will be present at the same time. They can appear either one at a time or in any sequence. The owner should use his own common sense in assessing whether the pet’s behavior and condition has changed.

Noticing that the dog’s gums have turned black, you need to examine them to determine if there is pain when touching and pressing. If it is not there, then you should not be nervous, because most likely it is only a manifestation of the color of the animal, determined genetically. But with a restless reaction to the examination and refusal of food, you must definitely go to the veterinarian. When a pet does not want to eat, this is one of the most dangerous signs. It’s like giving up the fight for your health, here you need to react as quickly as possible.

Therapeutic techniques

Treatment of inflammatory pathologies of the gums depends on the type and degree of their neglect. It can include both professional dental cleaning in a veterinary clinic and surgery. In severe cases, therapy includes taking antibiotics to keep the infection from spreading further. For mild to moderate disease, the veterinarian selects the appropriate oral hygiene products and gives recommendations for proper care of the dog’s teeth and gums.

Gingivitis and other inflammatory diseases of the gums are considered quite serious diseases, and therefore, its treatment and prevention should be treated responsibly. If you ignore the presence of this disease or allow the progression of the pathological process, this in 100% of cases will lead to complete or partial loss of teeth in your pet.

Oral and dental pathologies in dogs

Various lesions of teeth and other tissues of the oral cavity in dogs and cats are quite common and occur, according to various experts, in 40-70% of animals. The pathology of the oral cavity is often not determined by the owners until the fact of the disease becomes obvious, because signs are usually not specific to a particular disease and can be the result of both a disease of the oral cavity itself and some other pathological process.In the past few years, animal owners have the opinion that diseases of the oral cavity and teeth in their pets have begun to appear only now and sometimes an attempt is made to link this phenomenon with the spread of feeding animals with dry food, environmental disturbances, etc. However, my personal experience shows that this opinion is wrong. So, for example, 15-25 years ago, when dry food was not on sale in our country, pets suffered from tooth damage sometimes even more than at present. The veterinary service paid little attention to the health of companion animals (dogs and cats). In those years, such an epizootic as the plague of carnivores practically did not stop. And, if one or two survived from a litter of puppies, then that was already good. Getting a dog sick with plague at an early age, as well as being vaccinated with certain plague vaccines and using a number of medications during early puppyhood, have resulted in impaired growth and tooth formation. time, due to the improvement of the culture and quality of feeding and keeping dogs, as well as due to timely preventive measures (vaccination), the incidence of animals in the city has decreased in general. And those problems that had previously received little attention, in particular, diseases of the oral cavity and teeth, came to the fore. It is important for the owner to decide in time that the animal needs to be shown to the veterinarian. Signs such as the appearance of an unpleasant odor from the mouth, the formation of a dark (yellow) plaque on the dog’s teeth should alert the attentive owner. If an examination of the animal’s oral cavity reveals any ulceration or other changes in the appearance of the mucous membrane (lips, gums, palate, tongue), then it is advisable to consult a doctor. For a doctor, the initial stage of working with your ward is a thorough diagnosis. In this case, many diseases of an infectious and non-infectious nature can be detected. In particular, the pathology of the tissues of the oral cavity can be the result of bacterial, viral and mycotic infections, as well as pathology caused by a non-infectious onset.

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Why does the dog have red gums?

As mentioned earlier, reddening of the gums in a dog always indicates a certain inflammation inside the oral cavity, since it is the inflammatory process that usually causes swelling, redness and bleeding. There are several different diseases characterized by the progression of the inflammatory process in the pet’s oral cavity. Among them:

Periodontal disease is an inflammation of the tissues that hold the tooth in the bone. This disease is very common and is characterized by gradual development. It can even be caused by harmless plaque, which slowly begins to harden and leads to the formation of tartar. The bacteria contained in the stone, in turn, cause inflammation of the gums, deform them, provoking the emergence of multiple foci of infection. Fungi, viruses, various autoimmune and infectious diseases, and even a decrease in immunity can also cause periodontal disease and the appearance of red gums in a dog.

Periodontal disease is usually accompanied by reddening of the gums, as well as the appearance of an unpleasant odor from the mouth.

Treatment of this disease involves cleaning teeth from plaque, anti-inflammatory therapy. If desired, folk remedies such as calendula, propolis or sage broth can be used to catalyze the healing process.

Gingivitis is an inflammation that affects the gums of an animal. Gum trauma, allergies, or a bacterial infection can cause this disease. The chronic form of the disease can occur due to hormonal imbalances, gastrointestinal pathologies, or taking certain medications. However, most often, gingivitis is triggered by a lack of care for the animal’s oral cavity, caries, tooth damage, as well as deposits in the tooth.

With gingivitis, you can observe a change in the color of the gums in dogs. they turn red and swell along the way. Also, the dog begins to lose interest in food, there is increased salivation, ulcers and bad breath may occur.

To successfully treat red gums in a dog and gingivitis in general, you must first find out the cause of it and treat it as soon as possible. Symptomatic treatment involves physiotherapy, massage of the gums, treatment with furacilin, as well as electrophoresis of heparin solution.

Stomatitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the pet’s oral mucosa. Stomatitis can be primary or secondary. The primary form can be caused by mechanical, thermal, chemical or biochemical damage. Secondary stomatitis, in turn, can be triggered by diabetes mellitus, nephritis, plague of dogs, scurvy, infections, various types of deficiencies, caries or tartar.

Progressing, this disease affects, first of all, the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, as a result of this, the first clinical signs appear: severe thirst and increased salivation. Over time, the animal begins to experience pain while eating, which is why the pet’s chewing movements become slower and more careful (a complete refusal to eat is also possible). The gums become reddish and may become greyish and swollen. Thick saliva may come out of the mouth of the animal. If stomatitis was provoked by the deposition of stones, the gums may begin to bleed, and a very sharp and unpleasant odor will be heard from the dog’s mouth.

Stomatitis can go away on its own, for this you just need to identify and eliminate the factor that led to the onset of the disease. If this is not possible, it is necessary to put the dog on a special diet that spares the mucous membrane, and regularly rinse the animal’s oral cavity with special solutions. You can also blow in sulfonamide powder. If you are faced with ulcerative stomatitis, the dog’s teeth will have to be cleaned with a swab after each meal. Of the drugs, oletthrin is used.

Inflammation of the gums. Most often, this problem occurs in decorative small dogs. The causes of inflammation and redness of the gums in dogs are: subgingival tartar (can develop into periodontitis or periodontal disease), trauma to the gums (usually caused by a bone injury that the pet chews on), accumulation of food debris, neoplasms in the oral cavity (more common in older dogs). Acute inflammation can be accompanied by the following symptoms: increased salivation, unpleasant and pungent odor from the mouth, swelling of the face, discoloration of the tooth enamel, pain when chewing (sometimes develops into a partial or complete refusal of food). In the chronic form of the disease, the dog may experience red gums, ulcers in the oral cavity, salivation with blood impurities, tooth waste, and the accumulation of purulent exudate.

First of all, it is worth transferring the dog to easy-to-chew food. After each meal, the oral cavity of the animal should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or soda. this will slightly relieve inflammation. After these steps, you need to consult a doctor, since only a specialist will be able to accurately diagnose and prescribe the necessary treatment (most often antibiotic therapy is used).

General information

The most common causes of toothache and feeling unwell in dogs are as follows:

  • Profuse bacterial plaque and / or tartar.
  • Cancer. Initially, it affects the bone tissue of the jaw, but it may well go to the teeth.
  • Tooth resorption (a very nasty disease that causes a lot of problems).
  • Injuries. chips, cracks, etc.
  • Congenital or acquired dental anomalies.
  • Caries.
  • Pulpitis.

Tartar is considered the most common. Actually, other diseases in many cases develop precisely because of him. It is believed (according to the observations of veterinarians around the world) that approximately 30-40% of all adult dogs have dental diseases, and often the owners are completely unaware of this. This leads to sad results when a dog is brought to the clinic, which has to remove half of the teeth.

Relatively detailed study of dental diseases in dogs began only in 1920. It is believed that since the 60s of the last century, their number has at least doubled. Such a leap is explained by a change in feeding characteristics: if earlier many owners fed pets with bones, offal and cereals, now canned and dry food is playing an increasing role.

Purebred animals suffer from dental diseases much more often. Most likely, this is due to a large number of genetic disorders accumulated by them over the entire period of breeding work, which does not always differ in the required quality.

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