Yorkshire terrier puppies nutrition and care
Yorkie puppies, from one month to two years old, are fed up to six times a day. Two to five. three or four times a day, then up to eight months three times a day. They are given boiled cereals and boiled meat, as well as fermented milk products. It is advisable to dilute cottage cheese with fermented baked milk or kefir. It is strictly forbidden to feed York puppies with bones, fresh loaf, milk, smoked meats and various pickles. New foods should be introduced gradually into the diet. You need to listen to the squeak of the puppies. After all, an unusual squeak can indicate a problem with the tummy. On the fifth day of life, a little Yorkie has dewclaws removed. If you have no experience, it is better to invite a specialist.
Yorkshire Terrier. puppy care
When a puppy appears in our house, small and defenseless, he is completely dependent on us. From the first minute of birth, it is very important to monitor his diet. After all, the state of their health will depend on how the newborn puppies of York will eat their mother’s milk, and how they care.
York babies grow very quickly, and gaining 100 g in weight per week is the norm. The puppy should gain about 15 grams per day. It is important to control his weight the first week after birth. And if the baby does not get his grams, find out the reason. Watch the puppy latch on to the chest. And if everything is okay here, perhaps you just need to boost his mom’s nutrition. Experienced dog breeders do not recommend giving her rice porridge, and in order to avoid complications, ten days meat.
How to wash your Yorkie puppy?
Bathe little Yorkies in a warm room with a water temperature of about 38 ° C with dog shampoo. To keep your pet’s coat in good condition, it is advisable to use balms and conditioners. Be sure to make sure that no water gets into the Yorkie’s ears. Blot the water thoroughly with one towel and wrap it in the other. Then dry your baby’s fur with a hairdryer. Until the age of two months, the puppy is desirable to relieve stress such as bathing. And then taking water treatments for the puppy every ten days will be enough to make him look great.
How to cut a Yorkie puppy?
From an early age, the puppy needs to trim its claws, shave off the hair at the tips of the ears and get rid of the hairs from the ear canal. Don’t forget about hygienic places. When it comes to visiting a groomer, it depends on your taste and how quickly your baby’s coat grows. If your pet has long hair at four months, you can take it to the hairdresser.
Vaccinations for Yorkie puppies begin from eight weeks of age until the start of the change of teeth, which begins at about 5, 5 months. They are then vaccinated one month later and ten months later. Only by contacting a specialist, you can get correct information about vaccinations, their timing and avoid unwanted reactions during vaccination. A week before vaccination, the puppy must be given a drug for worms.
Yorkies grow intensively up to four months. They are characterized by uneven growth. The correct development of a Yorkie puppy depends only on your attention and your love for him.
Yorkshire Terrier grooming
Yorkies are one of the few dog breeds whose fur is constantly growing. Therefore, Yorkshire Terriers need to be trimmed and combed periodically. If you want to know everything about how to care for a Yorkie, then you should remember a few rules for caring for a Yorkie’s coat. For example, you need to bathe a dog no more than once a week and only with special detergents, and it is desirable to dry its coat naturally, especially for Yorkie puppies. Before washing the dog with shampoo, the product must first be dissolved in water, and then applied to the coat. Balms and conditioners should be used after washing to keep the coat easy to comb and smooth.
Grooming Guide. Yorkshire Terrier Puppy Trim. Pro Groomer
You can comb the Yorkshire Terrier after each bath, waiting for the coat to dry. This is done from head to tail and nothing else. By the way, up to six months of York puppies need to be combed against the coat in order to remove the undercoat. In this case, you should not use a metal comb, which can damage the skin of the animal. If the dog’s coat is often confused, then it is advisable to use special sprays that facilitate combing. As you can see, caring for a Yorkie’s coat is not difficult at all, but requires some knowledge.
How and what to feed your Yorkshire Terrier?
If you are interested in how to care for Yorkie puppies, you should know about their nutrition, on which the physical development and health of the dog largely depends. You cannot overfeed Yorkies, otherwise they get used to a large amount of food, which can threaten them with obesity. Feeding puppies depends on their age. Up to 2 months, Yorkie should be fed 5-6 times a day, from 2 to 4 months. 4-5 times, from 4 months to half a year, Yorkie puppies eat 4 times a day, and from half a year to 10 months. 3 times. Further, the puppy receives two meals a day, like adult animals.
As for the nutrition of Yorkshire Terrier puppies, here you should be very careful. Remember that a Yorkie is a small dog with a miniature digestive system, and improper feeding of a pet can cause it to become seriously ill. In addition, the liver is very vulnerable in Yorkies, so there can be no “unhealthy” foods in the animal’s diet. Puppies can be fed raw beef and poultry (pork and lamb are strictly prohibited!) Raw vegetables, cottage cheese, eggs, boneless sea fish. It is better to feed the puppies with meat in the evenings, and in the morning you can pamper them with vegetables and fruits.
Adult dogs can be fed natural or prepared food, but only one needs to be selected. Yorkshire Terriers should not be given: sweets (cakes, pastries, chocolate, etc.), pickles and smoked products, fresh loaf and pasta, cabbage and potatoes, citrus fruits and legumes, broths and milk (after 4 months). Do not feed your dog from your table, or food that is hot or too cold.
If you decide to give the Yorkie ready-made food, then know that you cannot change it often, and you need to retrain to other food gradually, gradually adding new food to the old one. Do not overfeed your animal. For every half a kilo of dogs’ weight, 1 tbsp is enough. spoons of food. After each meal, remove the bowl until next time. To control your dog’s body weight, purchase a scale.
Yorkshire Terrier: how to care? Yorkie puppy care
The Yorkshire Terrier, a pleasure to care for, has long become a favorite among many pet lovers. This is one of the few dogs that give their owners even less trouble than cats. Yorkshire Terriers practically do not shed, they never stink, and at the same time, these dogs are infinitely loyal to their owners and are well trained. But, despite the fact that these cute creatures are unpretentious, they require proper care. It is not difficult to take care of a Yorkie, the main thing is that you need to know some of the features of this breed, especially when it comes to caring for Yorkies puppies. So, how to care for a Yorkshire terrier is the topic of our article.
Yorkie puppy care: education
So, a wonderful puppy has settled in your house. How to educate him? Yes, such an animal is not only about caring for the Yorkshire Terrier’s coat, but also upbringing and training. To begin with, you should leave all your emotions in relation to the little dog and accustom him to his place. To do this, you need to often show the puppy where he should lie, repeating the same word. “place”. Perhaps at night the puppy will whine from loneliness, but you should endure this period of York’s childhood, and very soon he will get used to the fact that he needs to sleep at night, and always in his place!
Treat your Yorkshire Terrier puppy like your own child. with love and severity. If you forbid something to the puppy, then do not change your mind. For offenses, reprimand the dog. However, do not shout at her, and even more so do not punish her physically, otherwise the dog, like all children, will do the opposite. Yorkshire Terriers are very intelligent animals, unlike many domestic dogs. Try to speak to them not in commands, but in requests, and this is perceived by them faster. It will take very little time, and you will understand how to take care of a Yorkie is easy and simple.
Yorkshire terrier puppy care
If you decide to purchase a very small Yorkshire terrier cub, then you need to know how to care for Yorkshire puppies. First of all, you must understand that you are not buying a dog, but a real terrier with all its innate characteristics and requirements. And remember, too, that raising a pet is just as important as caring for Yorkie puppies. Yorkshire terrier pups are so easy to get used to, but so hard to wean. And one moment. You need to raise a Yorkie puppy in love and affection, but you should not indulge all his whims, otherwise he will demand more from you than necessary.
First of all, when purchasing a puppy, pay attention to his veterinary passport, which should contain information about vaccinations. The primary vaccination is given to puppies at the age of 6-9 weeks, and the second vaccination is carried out at 9-12 weeks. In addition, the puppy must be vaccinated against rabies. Yorkshire terrier care should include annual vaccinations and quarterly worms cleaning.
Yorkshire Terrier Puppy Care: Cleanliness Training
Many dog breeders who are interested in how to care for a Yorkshire terrier are primarily concerned about potty training. Like all baby pets, toilet training can be tricky. First you need to decide on the place where the puppy will “walk”. Lay oilcloth there, and on top lay several layers of highly absorbent fabric or special diapers. Every time after eating or drinking, take the puppy to the toilet, repeating the word “walk” several times. If you notice that the puppy likes to go to one place when needed, lay a toilet for him there, and over time, gradually drag it to the right place. Don’t poke your york into his bowel movements, or it will only get worse. He still will not understand why they are treating him like that, and you will only deserve the animal’s dislike for yourself.
Yorkshire terrier ear care
Now you know about grooming a Yorkie, but not only this is important for a dog. You also need to know how to care for your Yorkie’s ears. Every time he swims (once a week), the Yorkie needs to clean his ears. For this, it is better to use special drops that are sold in pharmacies for animals. To clean the dog’s ears, take a cotton swab, apply the product on it and, carefully penetrating into the depth of the ear (by 0.5-1 cm), remove plaque from its shells in a circular motion. By the way, pay attention to its color. If it is brown, or there is too much plaque, then you should take the dog to the veterinarian. The ear plaque in the animal should be yellow.
Well, do not forget about the Yorkshire puppy’s claws, which need to be removed periodically (1-2 times a month). long claws can interfere with walking.
Now you know how to care for Yorkie puppies and adult dogs. By following all these simple recommendations, you can avoid many of the health problems associated with the health of these small and easily vulnerable animals. Only a competent approach to these cute creatures will provide them with a long and happy life next to you.
Prohibited foods for york
Yorkshire Terrier is prohibited from eating:
- salted and smoked;
- fresh loaf;
- crude protein.
Yorkshire Terrier: care, and nutrition
Yorkshire Terrier Clothing
Clothing for a small pet is not only a tribute to fashion, but also a way to keep your pet warm, especially if he has a hairstyle. To protect the Yorkie from hypothermia, a jumpsuit must be purchased for him. It can be clothes made of water-repellent material if you plan to walk with your pet in the rain.
In snowy weather, it is recommended to choose warm clothing. The dog should be comfortable in it. No matter how fashionable the clothes are, they should not hinder the movements of the dog.
Yorkshire Terrier safety in an apartment with children
In order for your pets to get along in the same house with small children, several important points should be taken into account. The life and health of the dog depends on them.
- Allow your child to play with the dog only in your presence. Children do not understand how fragile the pet is in front of him. While the york is completely defenseless in front of his little master.
- Don’t let the dog scare you or run around the house. The puppy may brake unsuccessfully and hit its head on an acute angle.
- During play, do not allow your child to pull the toy away from the puppy. It can ruin the dog’s bite.
- Make sure that small parts from toys or constructors are not scattered around the house.
- Prevent children from placing the dog on a sofa or other high ground. The puppy may jump off unsuccessfully and be injured.
York daily menu
We offer an approximate menu for an adult Yorkie:
- Breakfast: boiled liver with vegetables.
- Lunch: buckwheat porridge with milk.
- Afternoon snack: Herkul on meat broth with pieces of meat.
- Dinner: curd mixture with low fat sour cream.
The digestive system of a tiny dog is very delicate. This is why the diet resembles a balanced diet for humans.
How to care for Yorkshire terrier coat
Your pet should wash its paws after a walk and be sure to bathe it whole once every 10 days. Choose a special shampoo by type of coat.
You can wash your Yorkie in the sink or in the bathroom by placing the dog on a rubber mat. Be carefull. If the dog wants to get away from you, it is injured. To prevent water from getting into your ears, cover them with small cotton swabs.
Protect your Yorkie’s eyes from water. Dampen the coat liberally and do not scare your pet with a strong shower of water. After applying the shampoo and massaging the dog’s body, thoroughly rinse off the remaining shampoo. The coat will shine especially if you use a fabric softener.
Yorkshire Terrier food
What to eat and what can you feed the Yorkshire Terrier? The full development and growth of a dog depends on proper nutrition. The Yorkshire Terrier menu includes both organic foods and dog food. For starters, remember: you can not feed the Yorkie abundantly and one-time. A hearty dinner is especially harmful for him.
This will only lead to digestive problems. The dog will not get enough, and the walls of its tiny ventricle will stretch and become flabby. You will learn about a malfunction of the stomach by bad breath. Sometimes we just want to share some “tasty treat” with our pet, but this is strictly prohibited.
How to choose a puppy?
First of all, you need to choose a proven kennel and conscientious breeders. this minimizes the risk of buying an unhealthy puppy. In the kennel it is necessary to pay attention to the living conditions of the dogs, to learn about the puppy’s parents and their health. The breeder must answer all questions and present all the necessary documents.
A healthy puppy should be active, friendly and curious, be able to feed independently, he has:
- black, cold and wet nose;
- dark eyes, no discharge and increased lacrimation;
- the stomach is not swollen;
- the coat is soft, thick and shiny, without bald patches;
- skin without peeling, rash and signs of irritation;
- on each jaw there are 2 canines and 6 incisors, bite. “scissors”.
Also, the puppy must have a veterinary passport with marks about deworming and vaccinations.
How to care?
During the first weeks of life, a bitch takes care of the puppies. she feeds them, turns them over, constantly licks them. The breeder should only make sure that the puppies are not overcooled or overheated, and that the bitch does not accidentally crush them.
For 3-5 days, they need to remove the dewclaws, if any, they need to pull the skin on the puppy’s paw and quickly cut off the extra finger with sharp clerical scissors, and then cauterize the wound with potassium permanganate.
For about 5-6 days, you need to trim the nails so that they do not hurt each other or the belly and nipples of the bitch during feeding.
You cannot bathe puppies up to 3 months, but you need to inspect your eyes daily and wipe them with chamomile decoction or a special lotion.
About a month, when the coat is quite long, the puppies need to have a hygienic haircut. with a special clipper, cut the hair in the groin area, near the genitals and anus. It is also necessary to free the upper third of the ears from wool so that they do not bend under its weight and acquire the vertical position required by the breed standard.
At the same age, you should start raising puppies, accustoming them to a diaper or tray.
When the Yorkshire Terrier grows up and is vaccinated, you should walk with it every day. this is necessary not only for the physical health of an active and energetic dog, but also for its socialization and the formation of a stable psyche.
After each walk, you need to thoroughly wash your paws and stomach, and completely bathe your pet about once every 3 weeks.
You should also comb the dog daily so that the coat does not get tangled, monitor the condition of the teeth, mouth and ears.
What do newborn yorkies look like??
Newborn Yorkshire Terrier puppies are born with a smooth black coat and tan. Their appearance resembles miniature Rottweilers.
A newborn Yorkie has no teeth and his eyes and ears are closed, which means that he sees nothing, hears nothing and is guided only by smell.
The size and weight of the puppies depends on whether they are Standard Yorkshire Terriers or Mini. On average, puppies weigh between 80 and 160 grams at birth.
When weaned from the mother?
You need to proceed from the state of the bitch and the behavior of the puppies. when the puppies’ teeth are teething and claws grow, the bitch may experience unpleasant and painful sensations during feeding. This suggests that it is time to wean the puppies.
Most often, puppies are weaned from their mother when they are 50-60 days old. over, if the bitch has problems with lactation and milk is not enough, this can be done even in 3 weeks.
How to bathe properly?
Before bathing the puppy in the tub or sink, you need to lay a rubberized mat so that the pet does not slip. Use a shampoo and conditioner that is appropriate for your coat and easier to comb out, and the water should be at room temperature.
Shampoo should be rubbed in the palms of your hands, mixed with water, lather the dog and rinse, repeating all this twice. Then apply conditioner, leave it on the coat for 2-3 minutes and rinse.
While swimming, you need to make sure that water does not get into the Yorkie’s ears. it is better to cover them with cotton swabs.
After bathing, wrap the pet in a towel, then dry the coat with a hairdryer and comb.
You can bathe the puppy only after two weeks of quarantine after the 2nd vaccination, i.e. at about three months of age.
Feeding the puppy
During the first weeks of life, the diet of Yorkshire Terrier puppies includes only breast milk.
When the puppies are 3 weeks old, you should start introducing complementary foods, consisting of preheated milk, lean meat, cottage cheese or kefir, but not more than 2 tsp. in a day.
At the age of 2-3 months, you need to add lean sea fish, vegetables (beets, bell peppers, pumpkin), green apples, offal, boiled cereals to the puppy’s diet.
Food for the puppy should be at room temperature or slightly warmer and cut into small pieces, and if the pet is less than 3 months old, it should be crushed to a puree.
If the puppy’s diet consists of ready-made dry food, its brand should be specifically designed for Yorkshire Terrier puppies.
Food can be free, but Yorkies are prone to overeating and obesity, so it is better to organize the diet depending on the age of the puppy:
- up to 2 months. 6 times a day;
- 2-3 months. 5 times;
- 4-5 months. 4 times;
- 6-12 months. 3 times.
A one-year-old dog needs to be fed 2 times a day. morning and evening.
Serving size is calculated based on the weight of the dog. 1-2 tablespoons. for every 500 grams of weight.
The puppy should always have access to clean water. It must be soft (settled or filtered), hard water can cause urolithiasis in York.
Types of puppies
In a litter born from two standard representatives of the breed, standard puppies or the so-called mini, super-mini and baby-face Yorkies can be born, differing from the standard in weight and a shorter muzzle with an upturned nose.
Also, puppies can belong to such varieties of Yorkshire terriers as Russian salon, goldast, chocolate or biro, but this can only happen as a result of targeted breeding work.
Changing and brushing teeth
The change of teeth from milk to indigenous in Yorkies begins at 3.5-4 months and should be completely finished by 8-9 months, maximum. by 1 year.
During this period, the puppy should be given toys that are easy to chew and special treats to loosen teeth faster.
Due to the special arrangement of the teeth, food debris often accumulates between them, which must be cleaned with a toothpick.
What a month-old puppy looks like
It is problematic to see in a Yorkie puppy a dog with long silky hair that falls in a raincoat from the back to the floor. Newborn puppies of this breed. A kind of miniature Rottweilers in color: black and tan. Even the most experienced breeder will not undertake to say with confidence at the age of one month what color the coat will be in this or that puppy. As it grows, the coat “changes color”, acquiring a black-and-back color. The most correct color of Yorkies according to the standard is silver-gold.
The weight of a monthly pet depends on the Yorkie breed: mini or standard. It is clear that the standard is larger, but at the age of one month and it should not exceed 600 grams. Mini is almost 2 times smaller. The weight standard for an adult dog is limited to 3.2 kg. If in the future the dog outgrows this standard, it will not be admitted to the show. When this is not the purpose of acquiring a puppy, then weight does not matter.
The ears of a Yorkie are supposed to stand, however, in the order of things, if this does not happen before 3 months. Experts say that you need to sound the alarm only after six months. But from 1-1.5 months, the puppies are already beginning to cut the hair from the ears, accustoming them to this procedure. This is done because it is very difficult for erect ears to withstand the weight of long hair. A Yorkie’s nose is pink or gray at birth, but by the month it should definitely turn black.
The Yorkshire Terrier, characterized by a cheerful disposition and incredible mobility, is still awkward at the age of 1 month. After the next feeding, like all small puppies, his tummy is noticeably rounded, turning it into a kind of egg capsule.
Yorkshire Terrier is an artificially bred decorative breed. Mobility, good nature and unique appearance have earned the Yorkie incredible popularity among miniature dog breeds. Since it is very difficult to determine the age of small breed dogs, some breeders use this and sell suckling puppies to uninformed buyers, passing them off as 2 months old. In order not to get into a mess, before buying, you should inquire about the external data of the baby, especially since it is fundamentally different from the adult Yorkshire Terrier.
How to care for a york puppy
Why is it undesirable to acquire a Yorkie puppy at the age of 1 month
Up to 2 months old, Yorkie puppies still feed 6 times a day, mainly milk from their mother, who sometimes spits up food herself in order to accustom her offspring to rougher food. Therefore, it will be difficult to feed a little York puppy with unusual food. You will need to sit next to him, draw attention to the stern, tapping on the bowl or near it.
It is absurd to hope that a month-old baby can be fed with cow’s milk. It will only cause stomach upset. Bones, raw fish, loaf, legumes, raw eggs are also prohibited. The egg white can also harm the quality of the coat. From the age of one month, you can use ready-made food for decorative breeds to feed a Yorkie puppy, but often it is soaked.
An important point is that Yorkie puppies are already born with worm larvae. It is impossible to talk about the health of the dog without carrying out preventive vaccinations and measures to get rid of worms. Therefore, York puppies are sold, as a rule, not earlier than 2 months. The first stage of the application of anthelmintic measures falls on 3 weeks from the moment of birth, and after another 3 weeks the procedure is repeated. Only 10 days after the worm, the Yorkshire Terrier is given the first vaccination. If the former owner of the puppy did not take all the necessary measures, then he must inform the new owner of this, otherwise the life of the pet will be in jeopardy.
Yorkshire Terrier at home: care and nutrition, menu for a Yorkie for a week
The Yorkshire Terrier is a decorative companion dog. Distinctive features of Yorkies are friendly and cheerful disposition, loyalty and devotion to the owner. The miniature dog does not shed and does not have any specific odors, therefore it is suitable for keeping in the house. However, future owners should be ready to pay maximum attention to the dog: a curious and courageous pet constantly risks health, and sometimes life.
Is it difficult to keep a small pet and how to take care of it? What food is right for a Yorkshire Terrier? What vitamins does he need? What you need to prepare for your Yorkie toddler when you are about to bring him into the house?
Overview of ready-made food for the Yorkshire Terrier
Many domestic and foreign companies are engaged in the production of ready-made feed. Thanks to a wide selection of canned food and dry mixes, it is not difficult to choose the optimal product for your pet’s nutrition.
Super premium dry food rating:
- Royal Canin. The best food, according to veterinarians. The Russian manufacturer offers a wide range of food products for puppies and mature dogs. The feed contains only natural ingredients.
- Acana. The Canadian manufacturer offers a wide range of food and vitamin complexes. They are holistic.
- Orijen. Thanks to the use of high-quality raw materials and steaming, the feed retains all its nutritional and beneficial properties.
- Grandin. The German brand food is suitable for dogs with food allergies. Veterinarians advise including it on the menu of weak and sickly animals.
- Monge. The Italian manufacturer uses meat and organic products. Puppy food is produced in a separate line “Mini Puppy Junior”.
In addition to the above-mentioned brands, premium natural feeds are produced by the Hill’s and Pro Plan brands. Brit Care ready-made food is suitable for feeding adult dogs and puppies from 1 month.
Weekly menu with recipes
A weekly adult pet menu might look like this:
- in a separate saucepan, boil finely chopped vegetables (carrots, cauliflower, zucchini);
- steam oatmeal or buckwheat with boiling water and add to vegetable broth;
- grind the finished mixture with a blender until smooth;
- finely chopped pieces of meat, boiled fish, liver can be added to the porridge.
Homemade curd recipe:
- Pour 20 ml of calcium chloride into a liter of milk. Stir the mixture and bring to a boil over medium heat.
- Leave on the stove to cool. The mixture should be divided into two parts: whey and curd sediment.
- Strain through cheesecloth and squeeze out the curd. It is useful to give the doggy a fermented milk mixture along with whey in the form of a soup.
Hair care (washing and grooming)
Long silky fur is the pride of the dog and an indicator of its health. To ensure proper hair care, a Yorkie owner will need:
- massage brush;
- metal brush with rounded teeth;
- rare wooden scallop;
- special oils;
- air conditioning;
- papillotes, rubber bands, bows, hairpins.
To make the coat look shiny and silky, the pet needs to be combed out regularly, and lubricated with special oil after bathing. Homemade Yorkie can be cut short with a clipper or scissors. Show dogs are taken to the groomer.
One of the important measures for caring for a Yorkshire Terrier is a haircut. A decorative dog should always have a neat appearance. There are several types of haircuts for a Yorkie:
- Hygienic. Every month the upper part of the ears, the area under the tail and in the armpits are shaved, the skirt is trimmed and excess hairs between the fingers are removed.
- Standard. It is used for show dogs. The groin is cut, the tips of the ears, under the tail.
- Model. Haircuts for girls and boys are different. Created at the request of the owner.
What you need to include in your dog’s diet?
The basis of natural nutrition should be meat. It is best to feed Yorkies with low-fat varieties: fresh beef, boiled chicken or turkey breast. The meat is cut into small pieces and mixed with vegetables or cereals.
- cottage cheese;
- rice and oatmeal;
- fresh and boiled vegetables (carrots, zucchini, turnips, pumpkin, asparagus, cucumbers, bell peppers);
- greens (parsley, dill, celery, lettuce);
- boiled sea fish;
- fermented milk products;
- eggs (1 piece per week);
- vegetable oils.
Feeding your pet with natural products
Complementary feeding with natural products should be started gradually, also starting from the age of 2-3 weeks. Only one type of product should be given at a time, without mixing. By the time of weaning from the mother, the pet can be fed with food 6 times a day, and after 2 months of age, the daily ration is divided into 4 doses.
What to cook for your puppy?
For the puppy, you need to equip a safe, comfortable place in the apartment where he can rest and sleep. Best of all, miniature dogs feel in baskets, playpens and sun loungers with low sides. Some owners equip houses and playgrounds for the dog. Do not place your pet in drafts or near heating appliances.
The lounger should be soft, made of hypoallergenic materials. The cover should be easily removable for cleaning and washing. For the development of the baby, you will need latex toys so that the pet does not get hurt.
For walks in cold and rainy weather, the dog will need warm clothing and shoes. So, before the puppy appears in the house, you need to purchase:
- stove bench;
- carrying bag;
- accessories for grooming wool;
- collar, harness, leash;
- bowls for food and water;
- tray, diaper;
- cosmetical tools;
- veterinary first aid kit.
From birth, puppies do not eat anything except mother’s milk, which contains all the necessary substances for the babies to develop correctly. After three to four weeks, the breeder gradually begins to introduce complementary foods. Which one. he decides for himself: it can be soaked pieces of dry food or small balls of lean meat.
He then closely observes what food the puppies eat best and what kind of stool they have after feeding. The breeder must choose the right food for Yorkshire terriers, otherwise the mini dogs from the first month of life will begin to malfunction in the gastrointestinal tract.
As a breeder, you must take responsibility for feeding your Yorkshire Terrier. Be sure to ask the former owner of the dog what kind of food or natural food he fed her. In the first month, you only need to give the food that the puppy has eaten before. Then gradually transfer the dog to a new type of food. You can’t do it.
Moving a Yorkshire Terrier to a new place is already a lot of stress for him. And if you also suddenly change the diet, then problems definitely cannot be avoided. At a minimum, the pet will begin to eat poorly, it will develop health complications, and it is not known how long this will last and how it will end.
Beautiful appearance, good condition of the coat and dental system, the mental state of the Yorkshire Terrier dog, care and nutrition. all this will be your responsibility and will depend only on you.
- good digestibility by the dog’s body;
- lack of chemical additives;
- vitamins and vital substances of natural origin.
But this feeding has its drawbacks. First, it will take some time to put together a properly balanced menu. Secondly, you will have to cook only at home. This should be done every day to keep the food cooked fresh. Thirdly, you will have to carefully monitor the quality of products, otherwise the puppy may be poisoned.
A rational dog menu should consist of protein: meat or fish, which make up half of the total daily menu. The remaining half is divided equally into carbohydrates: cereals from rice, buckwheat, millet, and fruits and vegetables. You will also need fats in the form of one or two drops of olive oil or flaxseed oil.
The dog can eat meat only lean, pre-boiled. rabbit, chicken, turkey. It must be cut into small pieces in advance; you cannot give minced meat to the Yorkshire Terrier.
For offal, give preference to boiled heart, lungs, liver and offal.
Sea or ocean fish must also be boiled and all bones removed. The dog can eat fish once or twice a week instead of meat. It is better not to give your pet pollock, hake or blue whiting. they do not allow the iron to be absorbed in the puppy’s body, which is very bad for its development.
From the egg, you can give the puppy only the yolk and also boiled, no more than once a week.
Of fermented milk products, cottage cheese is best, which must be low-fat. Cottage cheese can be replaced with other fermented milk products. the Yorkshire Terrier is happy to eat kefir, fermented baked milk, yogurt.
Porridge must be boiled well so that they are easier to digest.
Vegetables can be given both boiled and raw by grating them. Finely chopped greens can be added to them as complementary foods.
As a treat, the Yorkshire Terrier will eat finely chopped unsweetened fruits, low-fat cheese.
Together with natural food, the Yorkshire Terrier needs mineral and vitamin supplements and biologically active substances. Your local veterinarian will help you to choose the right proportions of complementary foods and substances.
Despite the fact that at home, with enough time, you can prepare a varied menu for your pet, you do not need to do this. So you can spoil the Yorkshire Terrier and he will not eat well, begging for his favorite foods.
You can see an example of a daily diet for a standard Yorkshire terrier in the following table:
Mini representatives of this breed, respectively, give less food.
Consider how many advantages and disadvantages the finished feed has. Pros:
- dry food is hygienic if stored properly;
- they contain the necessary balance of vital substances;
- they are easy to use and save time;
- they are convenient for feeding the dog while traveling.
The bad thing about dry food is that it can contain chemically harmful substances, because unfair advertising can promote a low-quality product. In addition, some particularly capricious Yorkshire terriers refuse to eat such food after a while, as they quickly get bored with it.
What if the ads are misleading? It is still possible to buy ready-made feed, which contains only high-quality ingredients. The main thing is to choose the right brand of the manufacturer.
First of all, remember that you cannot buy economy class food for the Yorkshire Terrier. They may contain substances that are life-threatening to the puppy: pesticides, flavor enhancers, dyes, antibiotics, and much more. Also, meat waste from the slaughterhouse is often used to make economical feed.
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The best option is premium and super premium food. Orijen, Pro plan, Hill’s, Mega Dog. it’s just that your eyes run wild, how many brands of good food there are. Let’s consider the advantages of such food for dogs on the example of the Royal Canin brand, in Russian “Royal Canin”.
Royal Canin is a French brand of ready-to-eat food that is popular with pedigree dog owners. Especially for those who first decided to have a puppy. In the general line of these feeds there is a special brand for decorative breeds. Royal Canin Mini Adult 27, as well as Royal Canin Mini Sensible. for mini dogs with digestive problems.
Royal Canin feeds have a properly balanced composition of ingredients, vitamin and mineral supplements and biologically active substances, as evidenced by the inscriptions on the feed box. Also feeds “Royal Canin” are designed for different age categories of animals and have recommendations for the correct size of each portion.
In addition to dry food, canned food is sold, which the puppy will eat with the same pleasure, of course, if he is picky. The difference between dry food and canned food in the amount of water. in canned food it is eighty percent more. Therefore, if feeding the Yorkshire Terrier consists of dry food, then he should always have access to clean water.
Yorkshire Terrier Care: Nutrition
The future owner should know how to feed the Yorkshire Terrier. Dogs of this breed are small creatures with a delicate digestive system, so they need to be fed correctly. Which is better: dry food or natural food with the addition of complementary foods? What can a dog of this breed eat and what not? How many times a day to give food, in what cases does the pet eat poorly? From this article you will learn all the necessary recommendations for drawing up a regimen and diet for an ornamental Yorkshire Terrier.
If you feed the Yorkshire Terrier with natural food, then it must be borne in mind that some foods should not be given to him. Here is a detailed list of prohibited foods:
- family of legumes: peas, lentils, beans;
- a loaf (only rye croutons are allowed);
- sweet: chocolate, marmalade, etc.;
- fatty meat: pork, lamb;
- smoked meats;
- tubular bones;
- citrus fruits;
- salt and foods containing salt;
- grapes and raisins;
- any seeds;
- any bones;
- pearl barley;
- River fish;
- fried foods;
- crude protein;
For the growing body of a Yorkshire Terrier puppy, the correct distribution of the number of meals is necessary. The baby’s feeding regime should be as follows:
- six times a day. two months old;
- five times a day. two to four months old;
- four times a day. four to six months old;
- three times a day. age six to twelve months.
An adult Yorkshire Terrier is transferred to two meals a day, the same as before. Only on the condition that the volume of products increases slightly. How much food to give to a pet depends on its individual characteristics. Keep an eye on his weight and stool.
Formulation of the diet
First, let’s figure out what you can feed the Yorkshire Terrier. For dogs of this breed, it is better to choose one of two food options:
- ready-made dry food;
- natural food.
Do not mix feed and natural food in order to avoid problems with the digestive system of the puppy. If you decide to feed the Yorkshire Terrier with dry complementary foods, then you can make an exception for a small amount of dry fruits and vegetables as a treat, but only if you teach the puppy to them from childhood.