If the animal is prone to insufficient defecation after eating bones, slippery (red) elm bark powder is introduced into its diet. The remedy is given according to the instructions until the digestion of the animal improves.
If the dog has eaten bones, suffers from constipation for more than 3 days, an enema is given. For small breeds, use a syringe, for large dogs. Esmarch’s mug. The container is filled with warm boiled water, the intestines of the animal are washed.
To prevent severe bowel disease and constipation, the dog is taught to eat and daily routine from the moment it appears in the house.
What to do to prevent constipation in your dog:
- Feed the animal hourly at the same time.
- Give large beef bones, no more than 1 time per month.
- Do not introduce bone products into the diet of a dog younger than 6 months old.
- Walk with the dog daily 2 times, at least an hour.
- Do not include such foods in the animal’s diet: legumes, rice, sweet and loaf.
- Adhere to a vaccination and anthelmintic schedule.
If the dog has a weak intestinal motor activity, bones and heavy fatty foods are excluded from the animal’s diet.
High physical activity of a pet is a good preventive measure against constipation, including after eating bones. Moving on walks, the animal stimulates intestinal peristalsis, the food lump moves along the tract without lingering.
Constipation in a dog from bones: first aid, methods of treatment
It is believed that bones are a healthy, calcium-rich product that must be included in a dog’s diet.
When a dog is constipated, bones are rarely thought to be the culprit. If it has arisen, the owner needs to find out what the animal has been eating recently, after that it is important to properly help the pet.
Symptoms of constipation in a dog
Constipation after bones can be determined by the following signs:
- Absence of stool for a day or more (this symptom does not apply to older dogs, they may have a stool once every 3 days).
- The dog pushes for a few minutes, but to no avail.
- Severe bloating, rumbling.
- During a walk, the dog whirls around its axis for a long time, choosing a convenient place for emptying.
- The dog has dry feces in the form of balls, it is not enough.
- The animal has a strong thirst.
- The dog becomes lethargic, reluctant to go for a walk.
If vomiting and chills are added to these symptoms, the dog refuses to eat, it should be immediately shown to the veterinarian. These are dangerous symptoms of the development of intestinal obstruction.
Constipation in a puppy: treatment features
Puppies under 6 months are not given bone products. After six months, pups of large breed dogs can be given large beef bones, which they cannot chew.
If the puppy is full of long bones, you should find out how much of the product got into his stomach. If a little, the animal is watered abundantly with water, wait for the puppy to empty.
An act of defecation must occur within 24 hours.
If the animal has eaten a large number of bones, it should be given petroleum jelly to drink (0.5-1 tsp. Of the product 2 times a day). During the day, the puppy should be emptied. If this does not happen, the animal becomes worse, the help of a veterinarian is needed.
than a day constipation in a puppy is not observed, since the pet’s digestive system is very weak, and it can die in a day.
Treatments for severe constipation
If no methods help, the animal becomes worse, you should contact your veterinarian. At the reception, they accurately describe the situation, tell how long the animal had constipation, how many bones it ate, what help was provided at home.
The clinic will conduct a full examination using an X-ray. According to the results, treatment is prescribed. If the intestinal blockage is serious, there are debris stuck in its mucous membrane, an abdominal operation will be prescribed.
First aid for a pet
If the dog feels good, it is mobile, its appetite is not disturbed, in this case, with constipation, you can try to help it at home. They begin to treat constipation if there is no stool for more than two days.
At home, you can do the following:
- Feed the animal with fermented milk products: yogurt, fermented baked milk, curdled milk with the addition of any vegetable oil (no more than 1 tbsp. L.).
- Introduce grated vegetables into the diet: cabbage, broccoli, beets, pumpkin. A spoonful of olive oil is also added to them.
- For this time, refuse dry commercial food or soak it in water.
- The walking time should be doubled, the dog should be released from the leash so that it moves actively. It stimulates intestinal motility.
- The animal should always have plenty of clean water in the bowl. A dog with constipation drinks a lot and often. This helps to liquefy the food lump and release it more easily.
My Dog is Constipated (Symptom, Signs, and Treatment)
First aid for constipation in dogs is petroleum jelly. It is injected into the mouth of an animal using a syringe without a needle twice a day.
Dosage: puppies. 0.5-1 tsp, adult dogs of small breeds. 1 tsp, medium-sized breeds. 1 tbsp. Large dogs are given up to 2 tbsp. l. oils in one go.
Bones, especially boiled bones, are rich in collagen, from which, when exposed to high temperatures, extractive substances are released that have adhesive properties.
Getting into the dog’s stomach, such food falls into a tight lump, sticks together. The intestines cannot push it out. The animal has severe constipation.
Other causes of inadequate bowel movements in dogs when eating bones include:
- Including chicken bones in your pet’s diet.
- The absence of cereals and plant foods in the animal’s diet.
- Poor physical activity of a pet.
- Hypersensitivity of the animal’s digestive system
- Untimely quenching of thirst.
What to do if the dog is full of bones?
Let’s say your pet is full of bones. Alas, this happens regularly. This situation is especially typical after feasts, when your pet can find a pile of seductively smelling bones in the trash can. If you find that the dog was still able to get to the food waste, the first thing to do is contact your veterinarian.
Be sure to tell him which bones the dog ate. In no case do not give your pet any laxatives, this is very important! If the amount of bones eaten is small, chances are high that everything will work out well. In the case when the dog behaves as described below for a couple of days, there is nothing to worry about:
- The pet does not exhibit any strange behavior.
- He continues to eat with gusto.
- Physical activity. the same.
- There is no difficulty in going to the toilet (i.e. the dog defecates quickly, painlessly).
- The dog continues to play and run with the same passion.
But when these symptoms develop, you need to immediately look for a veterinarian, regardless of the time of day:
- The animal becomes apathetic, most of the time lies.
- Complete or partial lack of appetite.
- When trying to have a bowel movement. violent, painful attempts.
- Or the dog can poop, but only in the feces, abundant admixtures of bright red blood are visible.
- The animal does not play, does not run, reluctantly responds to commands. Sometimes the dog can whine in pain, does not allow anyone to touch his belly.
All this indicates the need for an early visit to the veterinarian! But what to do when there is no way to immediately contact a specialist, but the condition of the dog at the same time causes serious anxiety? In this case, you should first give the dog inside some kind of enveloping agents that help minimize damage to the walls of the stomach and intestines.
The simplest first aid is liquid paraffin oil, or liquid paraffin. They give it one teaspoon every hour, for seven to eight hours. After this period, regardless of the condition of the animal, you must contact the clinic.
Remember that it is not recommended to do anything else at home! over, we would not recommend using even oil.
If your dog, after eating a large number of bones, has become lethargic and does not go to the toilet, there is always and in all cases the only way to the owner. to the veterinarian. Ignoring this rule leads to the death of the animal.
And yes. in most cases, professional treatment is surgery. The “dump” of bones from the intestines can often be removed only by resorting to radical methods.
Let’s figure out exactly under what conditions and why such constipation occurs. The reason for its appearance is clear. eating bones by animals rarely benefits the dog. And this, by the way, runs counter to the opinion of many breeders who do not miss the chance to feed their pet “yummy”. But sometimes good impulses turn into tragedy: the dog stops eating, loses weight, becomes lethargic and apathetic, and then may die altogether. And there are many such cases in veterinary practice. Why is this happening?
In the digestive system of dogs, bones simply cannot be digested.
After all, their stomachs are no match for a shark, where even steel gradually dissolves! over, wolves, which are relatives of modern domestic dogs, do not gnaw the bones of animals they kill in the wild. An exception is their brain varieties, from where predators lick the bone marrow.
Thus, you do not need to feed your dog with this. Unless, of course, you want him to leave this mortal world prematurely. But among the bones there are especially dangerous varieties, feeding which often leads not even to constipation, but to internal bleeding and other “troubles”. These include beef, chicken and fish. Alas, some owners either feed their pets themselves with this food waste, or they simply do not follow the dog, which is why it eats what and where it wants.
The trouble with fish waste is not even that especially thick and flexible bones easily pierce the walls of the esophagus (and often reach the trachea), as well as the stomach and intestines.!
The problem lies in their ability to clump: they fall into large “bundles” in the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract, the consequences of which are extremely severe. Persistent constipation develops, from which only (!) Surgery can save. Without her, the animal is doomed to death.
With chicken and beef bones, the situation is about the same: when the animal gnaws them, the “treats” are split into thin and long pieces. They can easily pierce the walls of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, and also, being semi-digested, form lumps (which we have just written about). In contrast to the cases with fish bones, it is theoretically possible to destroy them without surgery, but in reality this is not always the case.
Constipation in a dog from bones: what to do and how to help a pet
Dogs are animals that are extremely difficult to suspect of food pickiness. Rather, the opposite is true: dogs can eat whenever and what they want. As a rule, all this “gets off their paws”, but sometimes the digestive system of pets cannot cope with the difficulties that have fallen on it, as a result of which a digestive upset develops. And this is not always diarrhea, although it happens often. Much more dangerous, even if he does not look like that, constipation in a dog.
All stagnation of feces caused by the presence of various foreign bodies in the intestines of the animal is especially dangerous. Constipation, the development of which is due to the eating of bones by the dog, is deadly.
What bones can you still give a dog?
But! Puppies should not be offered them until about six months, since animals at such a young age can easily damage the enamel of the teeth. In addition, to please your pet with “sugar” bones is not more than once a week. In addition to the pleasure of fighting the treat, the dog will brush its teeth at the same time, which is also good.
Finally, chicken isn’t always that bad either, but only when it comes to backs and necks. There are no dangerously splitting bones in these parts, which can injure the gastrointestinal tract or cause constipation. Again, this does not apply to puppies, which in any situation should not be fed with such “treats”. Their digestive system cannot fully process them, as a result of which the development of severe complications is possible.
What to do after treatment?
The problem is that after the operation, most likely, the animal’s digestive system will not return to normal quickly. Simply put, the dog will suffer from all the same constipation, and you will have to feed him very carefully for a couple of months in order to prevent the development of serious complications. The latter, by the way, are often provoked by the owners of the animal themselves. So, following the example of human medicine, they begin to feed the dog with cereals and other herbal remedies, which in humans (!) Stimulate intestinal peristalsis and improve digestion.
We would strongly advise against using some of them for feeding dogs. Bran, for example. It would seem that they are an inexhaustible source of coarse fibers that stimulate (within reasonable limits) the peristaltic activity of the intestine.
But! Please do not use wheat and rice bran. Oatmeal is also not very suitable, as it contains too much starch. In general, too often it happens that any bran leads to flatulence and other digestive problems in dogs, so we would not recommend giving them to the animal (especially in the postoperative period).
Remember that dogs are by nature rather predators, and therefore they do not need a large amount of plant components in their food.
over, if too many plant components with high starch and other simple carbohydrates are included in the animal’s diet, this will contribute to the rapid development of microflora. In particular, there will be signs of severe flatulence. In addition, increased gas production is fraught not only with relatively harmless gas formation, but also with intestinal inflammation.
Let’s summarize. If your pet is too full of bones, we do not recommend doing “amateur performance”. The sooner you see your veterinarian, the more chances you have for a successful outcome. Remember that any careless movement, not to mention self-prescribed drugs, can provoke intestinal perforation in your dog.!
Laxative for dog
Means familiar to humans will not work for a dog, since their action is based on stimulating the work of the intestines. If you give a dog popular drugs such as Gutallax, Bisacodyl, etc., it will cause a sharp contraction of the intestines. But the compressed feces cannot budge. Which can lead to injury and even rupture of the intestines.
For constipation, a solution of Magnesia is prepared for the dog, but this drug has many contraindications.
The following remedies effectively help the animal:
- Bimin. envelops the intestinal walls inside the hairballs and feces and contributes to their painless and easy exit. It is an odorless, oily liquid. The dog is assigned 1 ml per kilogram of weight.
- Magnesia is an effective remedy, but it has a number of contraindications. It should not be given if the dog has liver, kidney, or heart disease. Magnesia liquefies the stool and it can pass out of the intestines without problems. For reception, a solution is prepared, the concentration of which depends on the age and weight of the dog.
Any laxative is contraindicated for intestinal tumors, adhesions and obstruction.
Nutrition Correction Tips
If you are prone to constipation, you should adhere to the following recommendations for feeding your dog:
- Food should be as liquid and warm as possible.
- You need to feed the pet fractionally.
- Periodically include raw vegetables in the diet: carrots, cabbage.
- In the absence of allergies, you can give her fresh plums.
Important. With a tendency to constipation, it is not recommended to feed with dry food, it is better to switch to natural food.
Diagnostics and treatment
Only a veterinarian can find out the cause of constipation with absolute certainty. The condition of the intestines is assessed using a special examination. If the specialist fails to establish a diagnosis by palpation and external examination, the dog is prescribed an abdominal X-ray, a blood test, and an ultrasound scan. To determine the patency of the intestine for examination, an X-ray is used using barium sulfate. a contrast agent.
If during the examination no serious diseases are detected, the doctor prescribes drugs that soften the stool:
- As an aid, enemas are prescribed. Pain syndrome is removed with the help of No-shpa or Baralgin.
How to Cure a Dog’s Constipation
If the examination reveals that the intestines are full of bone debris, an urgent operation is required. It is performed under general anesthesia. Sometimes it is necessary to remove part of the damaged intestine.
If constipation was caused by a bowel obstruction, immediate foreign body removal surgery is required.
The operation may be required even if the process is running. The veterinarian will give an enema, and then use special forceps to remove the fossilized stool.
Recurrent constipation is possible after surgery. Normalization of the dog’s nutrition will help to avoid this. One of the conditions is to eat in small portions 4-5 times a day. This regime should be adhered to for 1-1.5 months, then switch to the usual two meals a day.
First aid for a dog with constipation
If you cannot go to the clinic, you can try to solve the problem yourself. To do this, do the following:
- Exclude broths, muscle meat, rice, cheese, eggs from the menu.
- You need to feed the dog with warm food, in small doses.
- Include boiled buckwheat, vegetables, boiled fish, fresh kefir, raw beets in the diet.
- For a quick solution to the problem, the dog is given cabbage juice, infusion of pumpkin seeds, yogurt instead of one meal. You should not use all at once, but one thing.
For constipation, an enema with vaseline oil works well.
A radical method is an enema with vaseline oil. Slightly warmed oil is injected into the rectum using a syringe. The procedure is only possible if the oil flows easily. If the introduction of efforts is difficult, it is impossible to apply, since the reason may be intestinal obstruction.
Enema is done with a pre-boiled syringe. The tip is pre-lubricated with petroleum jelly. A muzzle is put on the dog or the muzzle is tied with a bandage. The dog is placed in a bath or basin. The tail is raised with one hand, the tip of the syringe is inserted into the rectum with the other. Oil is introduced and the tip is removed. Then the tail needs to be pressed for a few minutes.
Instead of an enema, vaseline oil can be given by mouth. Small dogs are poured over the cheek with a teaspoon, medium. a tablespoon, large. two tablespoons twice a day. The oil will soften the feces, cover it with a slippery film and the problem will be solved naturally.
Active walking will help normalize intestinal motility.
Important. If all the measures taken have not worked, in any case you need to contact your veterinarian, since constipation can develop against the background of a serious illness and delay will lead to sad consequences. All these measures can be applied only if there is confidence in the absence of intestinal obstruction.
How to recognize constipation in a dog
A clear sign of constipation is lack of stool. Normally, a dog should defecate twice a day. If the owner observes a decrease in the number of bowel movements or their complete absence, then the dog suffers from constipation.
Additionally, you may notice the following signs:
- During walks, the dog sits down and pushes, but there is no feces.
- The belly of the dog is swollen or hard, and rumbling is heard in it.
- The pet refuses food, or eats sluggishly, without appetite.
- There is general malaise, lethargy. The dog is reluctant to go for walks, during them it moves a little, tries to sit down.
With prolonged constipation, the dog’s belly noticeably increases, rumbling is heard in it.
Causes of constipation in a dog
The movement of feces in the intestine occurs due to the undulating contractions of its walls. For the normal passage of the process, the chair must be soft, sufficiently moist and voluminous. Violation of these requirements leads to difficulty in moving the stool in the intestines and, as a result, the development of constipation.
Constipation in dogs is a prolonged absence of bowel movements. It can be due to poor diet or serious illness.
The causes of constipation in a dog can be associated with the quality of food and a violation of intestinal motility:
- Lack of peristalsis. The intestines may stop working due to illness of internal organs, nervous diseases, a sedentary lifestyle.
- Too much or too little food. A large amount of feces leads to difficulty in their movement through the intestines, therefore, they accumulate inside and clog the passages.
The dog tries to empty, but it doesn’t work.
Constipation in a dog: first aid for a pet and how to fix the problem
Difficulty or prolonged absence of defecation is far from harmless. Feces retained in the intestines can lead to intoxication, rupture of the intestines, serious damage to internal organs and the death of a pet. Therefore, the owners need to know why the dog is constipated and how to help the pet in this situation.
Prevention of constipation
Constipation is easier to prevent than to cure later.
To prevent your pet from ever suffering from this problem, the following must be observed:
Any disease requires clarification and elimination of its cause. Constipation in a dog does not just happen. It means that there are problems in keeping, caring for the animal or indicates the presence of internal diseases. The pet needs to be provided with qualified assistance so that constipation does not torment him in the future.
We suggest watching a video in which a veterinarian answers questions about constipation in dogs. We wish you a pleasant viewing!
Treating constipation in dogs
Therapeutic treatment includes the use of lactulose preparations that soften feces. Duphalac, Lizolak, Laktusan, Livo-lac, Portalak. In addition, for these purposes, you can use liquid paraffin.
The most effective method for getting rid of constipation, as well as for preventing them, is enemas. They successfully cleanse the intestines of hardened fecal stones.
If a diagnostic study has shown that the dog’s intestines are filled with bone fragments, then often surgical intervention is required to remove them, performed under general anesthesia.
If constipation is accompanied by profuse vomiting and a complete lack of appetite, then supportive therapy in the form of droppers is prescribed, which protects the body from dehydration.
In more complicated cases, veterinarians may resort to amputation of a fragment of the large intestine along with the masses that fill it.
Symptoms of constipation in a dog
If a person has a dog, then he must take care of her and be attentive to her health. What can tell that the pet is not all right with the intestines??
First of all, a healthy dog goes to the toilet “for big” at least twice a day. If she began to empty herself less often or completely stopped, then this is a reason to take a closer look at her general condition, while you should not immediately panic. The number of bowel movements of an animal largely depends on its size, physiology and age.
First of all, you need to evaluate how the pet behaves. If he is vigorous, cheerful, with a good appetite, and the feces have a uniform tight consistency, then there is no particular cause for concern.
On a walk, you can notice that the dog is trying to go to the toilet, pushing, straining hard, but to no avail. At this moment, you can hear how she squeals and whines, as constipation causes pain and discomfort.
In addition, there are several symptoms that clearly indicate that the dog is constipated:
- bloating. gas builds up in the intestines, and the dog often growls in the stomach;
- lack of appetite. with intestinal obstruction, in most cases, pets refuse food;
- the dog may vomit;
- she drinks a lot of water;
- general malaise. the dog accepts the message about walking without much enthusiasm, moves little and wants to go home.
In some cases, you can help your pet on your own, but not always. Seek medical help if you have the following symptoms:
- if there is blood impurity, foam, particles of undigested food in the feces;
- feces have a distinct smell of rot and dampness.
What can cause such a condition?
Constipation in a dog. What to do
Dog owners have at least once in their lives faced with the lack of defecation of the pet or its difficulty. But not everyone knows how to deal with this problem and how to help a four-legged friend. Is constipation always a reason for going to the veterinarian and what to do if the dog has constipation?
Home remedies for constipation
Pet owners can independently cope with constipation in a dog if it is caused only by improper diet.
The following products help to eliminate it:
- yogurt (given instead of breakfast);
- fresh cabbage juice (you should be careful with it, as it often causes increased gas formation);
- buckthorn broth;
- infusion of pumpkin seeds (2 tablespoons of seeds for one glass of boiling water, infused for about half an hour in the warmth);
- a mixture of crushed flax seeds with vegetable oil or ready-made flax oil.
It is strictly forbidden to give the pet everything at once, you should choose only one specific option.
At home, you can do cleansing enemas with petroleum jelly. Warmed to a warm state, the oil is gently and slowly injected into the dog’s rectum. For a very large pet, one glass of oil is taken, for a dog weighing about 20 kg. 75-100 ml, for small breeds, 1-2 tablespoons are enough.
If it does not go away, then the pet most likely has intestinal obstruction and the procedure should be stopped.
Enemas are best done by placing the dog in the bathroom or basin, purely for hygiene reasons.
You can try oral petroleum jelly before you have an enema. It is warmed to room temperature and injected into the dog’s cheeks using a syringe that does not have a needle. For dwarf breeds, one teaspoon is enough for a single intake, medium. one tablespoon, large. 2-3 tablespoons. You need to give it twice a day, until a positive result is achieved.
Do not worry too much about an overdose, as its excess leaves the body naturally. In case of constipation, it is recommended to increase the number of walks up to 5 times a day and try to walk as much as possible. Movement has a beneficial effect on the activity of the intestines, makes it work. This regime should be observed for two or three days.
If the actions did not have the proper effect, the dog still has symptoms of the disease, then it is imperative to seek medical help.
Improper diet and other causes of constipation
A lot depends on proper nutrition, including the quantity and quality of bowel movements. Constipation can be caused by the following:
- the dog ate a large number of bones, especially boiled tubular;
- the pet is fed with steep broth;
- there is a large amount of fiber in the diet;
- overfeeding the dog.
Also, difficult bowel movements can be caused by feeding dry food that is not suitable for the pet.
Often, constipation is not an independent disease, but only one of the symptoms of a more serious condition:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys;
- neurological or orthopedic problems;
- diseases of the paraanal gland and prostate in males.
The ingestion of foreign objects into the pet’s body can also provoke obstruction of feces. If a veterinarian finds out the cause of constipation, then an x-ray of the peritoneum, a general blood test, an ultrasound examination are prescribed.
Correction of nutrition for constipation
If the dog does not have special symptoms that require medical attention, the owner can help the pet by changing its diet:
- The following foods are excluded from the diet: rice, legumes, meat broths, corn, meat with muscle tissue (muscle), cheeses, yesterday’s fermented milk products, cheeses.
- Food is given fractionally, in small portions, it is desirable that it be liquid and warm.
- It is recommended to include in the dog’s menu:
- boiled buckwheat, boiled in water or milk;
- vegetable stew;
- a small amount of boiled sea fish, thoroughly cleaned of bones, preference should be given to fish with white meat;
- freshly prepared kefir, yogurt without additives;
- raw vegetables. carrots and beets;
- fresh plums (if the pet does not have an allergic reaction and no more than two pieces).
While the dog is sick, you can feed it ready-made canned food intended for puppies or dogs with chronic diseases. Usually, such feeds have increased digestibility.
Preventive measures for constipation
Like any other ailment, constipation is better prevented than treated later. What should be done to prevent such a state? The following rules must be observed:
- compliance with the feeding regime is mandatory. the pet must receive food at the same time in the prescribed amount;
- consumption of heavy foods in large quantities should be avoided, everything should be in moderation;
- you should not treat the dog with bones every day, they should be a rare delicacy in the diet (it is the bones that most often cause intestinal blockage);
- exclude from the diet foods that cause increased gas formation. legumes, apples, cabbage, including Brussels sprouts and broccoli, oats, starches. potato and corn;
- provide your pet with round-the-clock access to water, and it must always be fresh;
- periodically enrich the pet’s nutrition with vitamin and mineral supplements;
- try to walk your pet more often, and not less than 20 minutes;
- refuse to walk a dog that has just eaten, at least 30 minutes should pass from the moment of feeding;
- do not forget about the regular intake of anthelmintic drugs and preventive vaccination.
In most cases, if we are not talking about hereditary and congenital ailments, the health of the pet depends on the care and concern of the owner. The more attention is paid to the development and well-being of the dog, the healthier the dog, the longer his life will be. And if constipation occurs, then a caring owner knows how to save a four-legged friend from this trouble.
The animal is transferred to a special diet. They give fermented milk products, pumpkin, exclude bones, strong meat broths, eggs, sweets from the diet. Food is prepared in a semi-liquid consistency, fed in small portions. Vegetables help to quickly establish the process of defecation: cabbage, carrots, zucchini. Buckwheat porridge is very useful for dogs during this period. There are also special dry pet foods with targeted therapeutic action against constipation.
You cannot ignore this condition if you do not provide the animal with the necessary assistance in time, the consequences can be the most dire. Prolonged constipation can cause severe intoxication of the body and serious damage to internal organs, and in extreme cases. lead to intestinal obstruction, rupture, subsequent peritonitis and possible death of the pet.
What to do with chronic constipation?
If a pet suffers from chronic constipation, and upon examination by a veterinarian, no health problems have been identified, the reasons for this condition may lie in insufficient fluid, improper diet, and lack of exercise. Therefore, the owner must constantly monitor that the animal has access to fresh water.
The daily menu should contain products that are healthy for the dog, and not delicacies from the master’s table, which many owners feed their pets with. A diet high in meat and low in fiber is a major cause of bowel problems in healthy animals. It must contain cereals and vegetables, which have a beneficial effect on the peristalsis of the dog’s intestines.
And finally, the dog needs to be walked often and for a long time. At the same time, she should move, run, jump, and not sit next to the owner. Moderate physical activity also helps to normalize the process of digestion and excretion of feces. However, you should not exhaust the animal at the same time.
As for nutrition, according to veterinarians, constipation in dogs can be caused by a monotonous unbalanced diet, consisting mainly of food of animal origin, but with a minimum of cereals and vegetables (sources of fiber).
The same can happen if animals are constantly fed exclusively dry food. If at the same time they receive less water, constipation develops much faster. Bowel obstruction can cause thick or sharp bones that get stuck in the intestines in dogs and interfere with the normal movement of feces.
Constipation is the result of poor bowel function. Disruptions in the functioning of this important part of the gastrointestinal tract in dogs can occur for various reasons, but the main culprits are improper feeding and lack of exercise.
If problems with defecation in a dog are just beginning, simple and accessible to all “medicines” will help to correct the situation. From food products, young kefir has a good effect, which is fed to animals without dosage. If they refuse it, which, however, is rare, the “laxative” is administered through the mouth with a syringe without a needle or syringe. Prunes are also added to food. From vegetable fats, flaxseed and castor oil, sunflower oil is also used.
What medicines to give?
The dog is then given any laxative as a treatment. You can use human drugs. Duphalac, Bisacodyl, Lactusan, Purgen, Senade, as well as dog Vetelakt will help to establish a bowel movement.
If constipation is accompanied by pain and cramps, the dog is given Baralgin or No-shpa. For a speedy bowel movement, rectal suppositories are used, for example, Proctosedil or Anestezol, Bisacodyl.
How to properly give an enema to a dog?
Enema is one of the available and effective methods of providing first aid to an animal with constipation. You can do it with the help of Esmarch’s mug or syringes of different sizes. Before the procedure itself, it is advisable to inject the pet intramuscularly drugs No-shpu or Baralgin (at the rate of 0.1 ml per 1 kg of body weight) in order to relax the intestines, anesthetize and prevent the appearance of spasms.
An enema solution can be boiled or glycerin water, water with fish oil, petroleum jelly. Their volume depends on the size and weight of the dog. An animal weighing up to 20 kg needs 200 ml, 20–40 kg. 0.5 l, 50 kg. 1 l. The liquid should not be cold, but not hot either, its temperature should remain in the range of 27-37 ° С.
It is best to give an enema to a dog together. The sequence of actions during the procedure is as follows:
- The dog is muzzled and laid on its side.
- The tip of the pear and the anus of the animal are lubricated with vegetable or vaseline oil.
- Then the tip is carefully inserted into the rectum to a depth of 3-5 cm, holding the dog so that it does not move.
- When the tip is inserted, slowly press on the walls of the pear.
- The liquid should pass inside without difficulty, but if there are any obstacles, check if the tip is clogged with feces. If it is clean, but the solution is still not poured, the procedure should be discontinued and urgently consult a veterinarian.
- If the liquid passes normally, it is poured all over, after which the syringe tip is removed from the anus.
- Take the dog’s tail, press it to the anus and hold it in this position for 5–7 minutes. All this time, the animal must lie on the floor.
- After this, the pet is released.
If done correctly, the animal usually defecates as soon as it gets up.
How to treat
The reason for the difficult discharge of feces is determined by the doctor on the basis of an examination of the animal, an X-ray of the peritoneum, a general blood test, an ultrasound scan. The age of the dog, its lifestyle, feeding regimen and diet must be taken into account. After the diagnosis is made and other possible causes of constipation are excluded, treatment of the underlying disease is prescribed.
If the dog has constipation after eating bones and the intestines are clogged with shrapnel, surgery is performed under general anesthesia. Surgical intervention is also necessary for chymostasis, suspected volvulus, since conservative treatment does not give results.
For constipation, accompanied by profuse vomiting and lack of appetite, droppers are recommended, with the help of which the body receives protection from dehydration.
Shows the intake of drugs with lactulose in the composition (Lactusan, Livolak, Duphalac), which contribute to the softening of feces.
In severe cases caused by constipation (constipation), part of the large intestine is amputated together with the feces filling it.
Top 4 Home Remedies for Dog Constipation (Safe, Natural and Effective)
Diet recommendations for your dog
Nutritional adjustments are necessary to treat poor bowel movements. The diet should not contain:
- rice, legumes, corn;
- rich broths;
- muscle meat;
- dry food;
- fatty food;
- whole milk;
- fresh bakery.
Food is given in small portions warm and liquid. Overfeeding the dog is unacceptable. To improve the work of intestinal motility, olive (or other vegetable) oil, added 1-2 drops to food, will help.
- porridge on water or milk:
- fresh or stewed vegetables (carrots, beets, pumpkin);
- boiled sea fish fillet;
- fermented milk products without additives;
- cabbage juice;
- fresh plums or prunes (no more than 2 pieces).
It is strictly forbidden to feed the dog with food from your table.!
A healthy dog goes to the toilet “in a big way” at least 1-2 times a day. The owner should be alerted by a decrease in the number of emptyings or their absence. not once in 3 days. However, do not sound the alarm ahead of time. The number of bowel movements largely depends on the age, physiological characteristics, and size of the animal.
If a four-legged pet is vigorous, playful and cheerful, eats well, and its feces have a uniform consistency, then there is no reason for concern. It is quite another matter if during a walk you notice how the dog tries, but cannot go to the toilet, pushes and whines and squeals at the same time. This means that he is constipated.
- the consistency of feces is hard and dry;
- feces have an irregular shape, their amount is very small;
- there are hairballs in the feces;
- the abdomen is hard, swollen (due to the accumulation of gas), painful on palpation;
- lack of appetite due to intestinal obstruction;
- increased thirst;
- feverish condition;
- malaise, apathy, decreased activity.
In advanced cases, there is blood in the feces, undigested food, an unpleasant putrid odor is felt.
Intestinal stagnation can occur for many reasons, including dangerous pathologies that have developed in the body. Constipation as one of the obvious symptoms can cause the following diseases:
- liver or kidney dysfunction;
- inflammation of the pancreas;
- orthopedic problems;
- neurological diseases;
- oncology or neoplasms in the intestines, anus;
- enlargement of the prostate gland, prostatitis, praktitis;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, flatulence, chymostasis, coprostasis).
In a dog, constipation can occur not only due to health problems, but also due to external factors:
- malnutrition (lack of fiber in food, the predominance of dry food in the diet, the use of fatty foods and hard long bones);
- foreign objects entering the stomach;
- overeating or malnutrition;
- lack of water in the bowl;
- long-term use of medications.
Whatever the reason for the obstructed discharge of feces, this problem requires immediate resolution so that the pet does not have serious health complications. intoxication of the body, critical internal trauma to the intestine (up to rupture), stress on the heart. If the dog does not go to the toilet “in a big way” for more than a week, the probability of death is high.
What to do if your dog is constipated?
Every dog owner, at least once in his life, has faced such a problem with his pet as the absence or difficulty of defecation. Older animals are most often affected by this phenomenon. What is constipation in a dog, and what to do at home to help an animal in this situation?
How to help your dog with constipation at home? If constipation is not associated with pathology, the pet feels satisfactory, the feces come out partially. the pet can be cured on its own.
Vaseline oil, which is given orally, has proven itself well for intestinal problems. To do this, petroleum jelly is heated to room temperature and a syringe without a needle is injected into the dog’s cheeks. Half a teaspoon is enough for puppies, for representatives of miniature breeds. 1 tsp, for medium-sized dogs. 1 tbsp. l., large dogs. 2-3 tablespoons. It is recommended to give it twice a day until the animal goes to the toilet normally.
Petroleum jelly leaves the body naturally, so even if you accidentally overdose, don’t worry. Instead of petroleum jelly, you can give your dog flaxseed.
An excellent way to help the dog to empty is an enema, which provides an effective passage of feces (up to 100%). It should be done if the dog has not gone to the toilet for more than 2 days. A contraindication to this procedure is the presence of a serious illness or pathological neoplasms in the intestine. In such cases, an enema will do more harm than good.
For an enema, you will need warm water, saline, or a decoction of medicinal herbs such as chamomile. For the best effect, warm petroleum jelly is added to the enema.
It is advisable to ask someone to help you, especially if the dog is very large: one person holds the animal, the second introduces a pear into the rectum. This should be done carefully and slowly. After the introduction of the solution, the anus is clamped with fingers for two minutes to soften the feces. If the solution immediately flows out and does not pass, it is impractical to continue the procedure. this may indicate intestinal obstruction.
For hygiene purposes, the procedure is carried out in rubber gloves, the most suitable place for this is a bath.
If constipation after surgery
Disorders of bowel movement after surgery in dogs is not uncommon. If the animal has symptoms of constipation in the postoperative period, consultation with the attending physician is necessary, otherwise the pet may undergo another surgical intervention.
The causes of this constipation are usually antibiotics and other medications that are used to treat the dog for a speedy recovery.
In the first days after the operation, the animal must go on a diet. He needs to be fed with liquid broths, gradually introduced into the menu fermented milk products, kefir with the addition of bran, porridge, minced meat, light foods. Dry food is excluded.
The main causes of constipation are:
- Constipation often develops in dogs recovering from infectious pathologies (especially important for enteritis). After lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, severe dehydration, dysbiosis due to the use of antibiotics, peristalsis is noticeably impaired. During the rehabilitation period, you should strictly follow the diet prescribed by the veterinarian and use special medications to restore microflora.
- Peristalsis can be disturbed after operations under general anesthesia. postoperative constipation. Shown a diet, taking medications to restore normal bowel function. strictly follow everything that the surgeon prescribed.
Why does constipation develop?
The dog eats what and how much it is given. The owner is often the culprit for the development of constipation.
Intestinal obstruction can be:
- The top one is the most dangerous. Food does not pass through the esophagus, stomach.
- Lower. the obstruction is located in the small / large intestine. It will be easier to deal with the problem.
Why constipation is dangerous
Prolonged frequent constipation is very dangerous. If the dog is unable to cleanse the intestines, feces will accumulate in the intestines. The products of its decay poison the body. a powerful intoxication develops. The most harmful substances are formed. methane, skatole, mercaptan, and others. The liver, kidneys, heart work under extreme conditions. the dog becomes lethargic, eats poorly, moves little. Lack of defecation may be accompanied by vomiting, severe pain when trying to defecate, a swollen, hard stomach, drowsiness. seek urgent help. These are symptoms of a life-threatening animal disease. When a dog has constipation. what to do, how to give first aid?
What not to do with constipation:
The dog cannot poop for more than two days. immediately contact the clinic. When a dog has constipation, what to do, how to provide first aid, a specialist will tell you. This condition can be a symptom of the most dangerous pathologies. intestinal obstruction, coprostasis. It is impossible to hesitate with a consultation.
What to do with constipation in a dog. first aid. Constipation reasons
All dogs, with rare exceptions, are gluttons. While walking, grabbing a “tasty” smelling piece, a plastic bag with the remains of a sandwich, gnawing and swallowing a ball are their favorite pastimes. If the dog is not controlled, it can absorb a lot of food, especially it loves bones. All this leads very quickly to serious digestive problems. Defecation disorder is one of the most common troubles. And in many cases it is the owners who are to blame. When a dog has constipation, what to do (first aid) you need to ask your veterinarian in advance. This will allow you to effectively and timely help the animal.
The name of the pathology in translation from Greek means. stopping feces in the intestine, with the impossibility of its exit. Feces accumulate in the lower colon. Symptoms are similar to regular moderate to severe constipation. With complete blockage, when no feces are excreted at all, there is:
- severe bloating in the lower abdomen;
- severe pain when trying to empty. the animal does not whine, but squeals;
- appetite is completely absent;
- on palpation, seals are clearly felt;
- intoxication. vomiting, general weakness, neurological seizures (in advanced cases).