Constipation in a dog from bones. what to do?
A dog whose digestive system is working properly empties its intestines once or twice a day during walks. in the morning and in the evening. If you notice that your pet does not do its job on every walk, or this has not happened for several days in a row, then he is constipated. In this case, the dog can make efforts, push, spin in one place, but the whole process will end in nothing.
In older dogs, due to slow metabolism, it is considered normal to have a bowel movement every three days.
How to Cure a Dog’s Constipation
Constipation in a dog after bones is the most common ailment. Undigested bones are compressed in the intestines of the animal and turn into one solid mass that cannot be released naturally. The more bones the pet ate, the worse the situation. If, however, chicken tubular bones were present in his diet (read the link for how they are dangerous). it’s really bad. Sharp bone fragments not only lead to constipation, but also injure the walls of the esophagus, stomach and intestines. That is why it is recommended to completely remove them from the animal’s diet.
Any boiled bones, including beef, should also be banned. over, the better the bones are boiled, the more they softened. the more dangerous they have become for your four-legged friend. The eaten boiled bones are much faster and “better” than raw bones, falling into one dense mass, which reliably clogs the intestines.
How to treat?
So, if your dog has constipation from bones, what to do in this case? The first step, of course, is to remove them from the pet’s diet. A vegetable diet helps well, when some types of vegetables make up most of the diet, for example: pumpkin, beets, celery, carrots. Raw vegetables improve peristalsis and bowel function. The same stewed vegetables help no worse. In many cases, veterinarians recommend feeding the patient mainly with soups and liquid, properly boiled, cereals.
Also during this period, you can give the dog bran (1 tablespoon per day is enough). Natural (without additives and sugar) yogurt or kefir will not harm either. but it must be the freshest. yesterday is no longer good.
Vegetable oil has a mild laxative effect. which you can give your pet 1 teaspoon every 2 days. If you mix it with flaxseed, the effect will be even better. Vaseline oil also has the desired effect. which is easiest to give from a syringe (of course, without a needle) 2 times a day. Dosages:
- 2 tablespoons each. for large breeds,
- by 1. average,
- 0.5 each. small.
An enema is used as heavy artillery. To carry out this procedure, you will need a rubber bulb, a syringe or Esmarch’s mug (the latter is for representatives of large breeds). For an enema, ordinary tap water is suitable, the temperature of which is 29-31 degrees.
Instead of water, for the best effect, you can use petroleum jelly, which is injected into the rectum in small quantities:
- 1 glass. for dogs weighing over 45 kg,
- 0.5 cups. for animals weighing about 20-25 kg,
- 2-3 spoons. for small breeds.
For normal and trouble-free bowel movements, the moisture of the stool is of great importance. If they are not moist enough, stool retention may occur. Constipation in a dog from bones, the treatment of which we are now considering, often occurs precisely due to the fact that dry bones fill the intestines and, due to a lack of moisture, cannot come out in the form of a normal and timely stool. Adequate and consistent fluid intake throughout the day will help prevent many unpleasant digestive problems. The dog must have access to a bowl of fresh water around the clock.
During constipation, if she does not drink water on her own, drink it with a spoon.
If your dog has been constipated for several days and none of the above helps, be sure to show it to your veterinarian. Feces that remain in the intestines for four days or more poison the entire body and lead to intoxication. In the most severe cases, it is impossible to do without surgery, during which the stuck bones are removed from the intestine.
Inexperienced owners may think that stool retention is a frivolous problem that will sooner or later be resolved on its own. In fact, constipation can be the cause of death of the animal. The rupture of the intestine and the subsequent intoxication of the whole organism are far from fiction. Fortunately, this does not happen so often, but still you should not lose your vigilance.
|Galina April 10, 2017, 15:20 |
My dog is 12 years old, she gnaws boiled bones all the years. Pekingese breed. Walks in big way I think that this is the norm twice a day, sometimes three. I feed it 2 times a day. Eats everything that we ourselves eat. How to continue to be?
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At what age can a puppy be given bones?
The dog has a bone stuck in his throat
If the animal is prone to insufficient defecation after eating bones, slippery (red) elm bark powder is introduced into its diet. The remedy is given according to the instructions until the digestion of the animal improves.
If the dog has eaten too many bones, suffers from constipation for more than 3 days, an enema is given. For small breeds, use a syringe, for large dogs. Esmarch’s mug. The container is filled with warm boiled water, the intestines of the animal are washed.
Bones, especially boiled bones, are rich in collagen, from which, when exposed to high temperatures, extractive substances are released that have adhesive properties.
Getting into the dog’s stomach, such food falls into a tight lump, sticks together. The intestines cannot push it out. The animal has severe constipation.
Other causes of inadequate bowel movements in dogs when eating bones include:
- Including chicken bones in your pet’s diet.
- The absence of grains and plant foods in the animal’s diet.
- Poor physical activity of a pet.
- Hypersensitivity of the animal’s digestive system
- Untimely quenching of thirst.
Constipation in a puppy: treatment features
Puppies under 6 months are not given bone products. After six months, pups of large breed dogs can be given large beef bones, which they cannot chew.
If the puppy is full of long bones, you should find out how much of the product got into his stomach. If a little, the animal is watered abundantly with water, wait for the puppy to empty.
An act of defecation should occur within 24 hours.
If the animal has eaten a large number of bones, it should be given petroleum jelly to drink (0.5-1 tsp. Of the product 2 times a day). During the day, the puppy should be emptied. If this does not happen, the animal becomes worse, the help of a veterinarian is needed.
than a day constipation in a puppy is not observed, since the pet’s digestive system is very weak, and it can die in a day.
Treatments for severe constipation
If no methods help, the animal becomes worse, you should contact your veterinarian. At the reception, they accurately describe the situation, tell how long the animal had constipation, how many bones it ate, what help was provided at home.
The clinic will conduct a full examination using an X-ray. Based on the results, treatment is prescribed. If the intestinal blockage is serious, there are fragments stuck in its mucous membrane, an abdominal operation will be prescribed.
Constipation in a dog from bones: first aid, methods of treatment
It is believed that bones are a healthy, calcium-rich product that must be included in a dog’s diet.
When a dog is constipated, bones are rarely thought to be the culprit. If it has arisen, the owner needs to find out what the animal has been eating recently, after that it is important to properly help the pet.
Can there be constipation
Eating large amounts of bones, especially tubular bones, can cause digestive problems in your dog.
Internal organs are unable to digest this heavy product. It is compressed in the animal’s stomach into a thick mass, a tight food lump that cannot come out.
Chicken bones are dangerous not only because they provoke constipation. They injure the walls of the stomach and intestines. Gnawing the bird’s parts of the skeleton, the dog crushes them into small sharp fragments.
In this form, they enter the animal’s esophagus. In the process of digestion, small sharp fragments scratch the gastrointestinal mucosa.
Boiled bones are even more dangerous for dogs. During heat treatment, the product softens, releasing a large amount of animal protein, collagen, which sticks together the contents of the bone.
Once in the stomach, bone remains are knocked down into a thick, heavy mass. By eating such a product, a dog is 100% likely to suffer from severe and prolonged inadequate bowel movements.
To prevent serious bowel disease and constipation, the dog is taught to eat and daily routine from the moment it appears in the house.
What to do to prevent constipation in your dog:
- Feed the animal hourly at the same time.
- Give large beef bones, no more than 1 time per month.
- Do not introduce bone products into the diet of a dog younger than 6 months old.
- Walk with the dog daily 2 times, at least an hour.
- Do not include such foods in the animal’s diet: legumes, rice, sweet and loaf.
- Adhere to a vaccination and anthelmintic schedule.
If the dog has a weak intestinal motor activity, bones and heavy fatty foods are excluded from the animal’s diet.
High physical activity of a pet is a good preventive measure against constipation, including after eating bones. Moving on walks, the animal stimulates intestinal peristalsis, the food lump moves along the tract without lingering.
Symptoms of constipation in a dog
Constipation after bones can be determined by the following signs:
- Absence of stool for a day or more (this symptom does not apply to older dogs, they may have a stool once every 3 days).
- The dog pushes for a few minutes, but to no avail.
- Severe bloating, rumbling.
- During a walk, the dog whirls around its axis for a long time, choosing a convenient place for emptying.
- The dog has dry feces in the form of balls, it is not enough.
- The animal has a strong thirst.
- The dog becomes lethargic, reluctant to go for a walk.
If vomiting and chills are added to these symptoms, the dog refuses to eat, it should be immediately shown to the veterinarian. These are dangerous symptoms of the development of intestinal obstruction.
What to do if your dog is full of bones?
Any owner understands that if the dog is full of bones, it will not end well. With inaction on the part of the owner, the situation can really become critical. However, if you act progressively and judiciously, you can provide adequate first aid.
After the dog has gorged on the bones, it needs to be given the correct, loyal help. Bones do not dissolve in gastric juice, at best they soften a little, acquiring the structure of a dried gum.
Ignoring the problem can lead to blockage of the intestine, and if the bones are crushed into sharp fragments, to its perforation.
The algorithm of actions directly depends on the type of bones that the dog ate. If your pet has taken the broth bones from the trash bin (after boiling), be sure to contact your veterinarian! Home care is useless because boiled bones are very dangerous. After heat treatment, the bone fragments look like broken glass. Once in the stomach, the fragments do not succumb to the action of the acid and remain sharp.
Chicken bones after cooking are a critical hazard. When they break, they form long, sharp shards that look like needles. Such a “treat” can pierce the intestines of the dog, which will lead to the outpouring of feces into the abdominal cavity and sepsis. Without timely assistance and long-term rehabilitation, the dog will die!
Important! Swallowing large boiled bones with a 99% guarantee will lead to a blockage in the intestines, which can only be removed by surgery!
See your veterinarian immediately if your pet has picked up bones outside. Quite often, “kind” people “feed” homeless animals with bones left over from cooking broth. If your dog takes pleasure in such a treat, he is in real danger. If the situation happened in frosty weather, constipation and blockage are almost guaranteed.
Important! If you are unsure which and how many bones your dog ate, contact your veterinarian for an examination. Eating bones rarely goes unnoticed, but treatment is effective if started early.
What to do if your dog has constipation from the bones
Many modern dog breeds are characterized by the sensitivity of the digestive system. When choosing a natural diet, the owner has only two choices: to completely exclude bones from the dog’s diet or to prevent constipation if necessary. The complete exclusion of bones is fraught with the formation of plaque and calculus. Timely prevention is harmless and is based on the introduction of a natural supplement into the diet. slippery elm bark powder.
Note! Against the background of the constant use of bones, as a hygienic treat and toy, do not forget that to prevent constipation, the dog must receive a sufficient amount of water and active physical activity.
Slippery Elm Bark Powder is a completely natural remedy that helps prevent and treat constipation or intestinal blockage in dogs. Once in the intestines, the active substances absorb liquid and turn into dense mucus, which envelops the bones and helps them move through the intestines.
The bark of slippery elm is usually sold in capsule or powder form. If you notice signs of digestive problems, the drug is given once a day until bowel movements return to normal. At a standard dosage, to treat constipation, it is sufficient to give the dog:
- 1/4 capsule for small dog.
- 1/2 capsule for medium dog.
- 1 capsule for a large dog.
To dispense the drug, which is packaged in capsules, the gelatinous shell must be opened and the contents poured onto a clean sheet. The powder is divided into equal parts. Without a gelatinous shell, the powder is oxidized during the day. If you have a small or medium dog, it is wiser to purchase the drug in the form of a powder, which is packaged in sachets or bottles and does not oxidize as quickly.
The powder cannot be given in its pure form, but it can be used to make a syrup at home. It is necessary to mix the required amount of water and powder, heat the resulting solution to a boil. After 2-3 minutes of boiling, the solution is removed by fire. When the liquid becomes warm, add a teaspoon of honey to it and cool.
Important! The syrup is prepared for 2-3 doses and stored in the refrigerator.
The suspension is fed to the dog 3-4 times a day until the normalization of bowel movements. The dosage of slippery elm bark syrup depends on the weight of the dog:
- Dogs weighing less than 10 kg are given 1-2 teaspoons at a time.
- Dogs weighing 10-20 kg are given 2-4 teaspoons at a time.
- For a dog weighing more than 20 kg, a single dose is 150-200 ml.
Important! Slippery elm bark can have the side effect of vomiting and nausea. If you feel worse, you must stop taking the drug and urgently consult a doctor.
Constipation in a dog from bones: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
Did your pet steal the bones and swallow them? What to do if the dog will have constipation. and if so, how to help the pet without resorting to surgery? Do not rush and do not panic, the situation is really difficult, but there are ways out of it.
How to give bones in a dog’s diet to avoid constipation?
Many inexperienced owners are confused because it is recommended to include bones when composing a dog’s diet. however, all veterinarians recommend avoiding this. The dog is a predator, it is natural for him to chew bones and consume them. However, it should be borne in mind that in nature, a dog does not eat large bones.
When keeping animals on a natural diet, bones are used as a means for the prevention of dental plaque and source of calcium. As source of trace elements, veterinarians have recently recommended using only chicken necks or large beef moslaki.
Bones should only be given raw. To avoid helminthic infestation, before feeding raw meat products, they must be kept in the freezer for 3-5 days.
The number of bones in the diet should be reduced or eliminated completely if the dog has the following symptoms:
- Dry or friable (like coarse sand) stool.
- Difficulty defecating.
- Anal inflammation.
The last two signs indicate that the dog has developed constipation while consuming bones. Dry, light-colored and crumbly stool indicates a lack of water in the dog’s body or improper digestion of food.
For the prevention of constipation, against the background of the inclusion of bones in the dog’s diet, it is necessary to balance it. Before drawing conclusions about the violation of the digestive processes, one must take into account the fact that the intestines adapt to the digestion of new food within 5-7 days. For the entire period of adaptation, the dog’s diet must be enriched with water and coarse fibers. To simplify bowel movements, flaxseed oil is added to the animal’s food.
To avoid digestive problems, it is necessary to select the correct type of bones depending on the individual needs of the dog:
- For adult dogs and puppies of large breeds, large moslaki (articular bones), spongy bones and chicken necks are suitable as treats and toys.
- Medium dogs should not be given large bones, as they can get stuck in the teeth, and trying to free themselves, the dog can dislocate the jaw.
- Small and miniature dogs should not be given bones, and it is better to use hygienic treats as a preventive measure for dental plaque.
Important! With increased sensitivity of the digestive system, bones are completely excluded from the dog’s diet.
Professional and prompt help for constipation in a dog
Unfortunately, many dogs die from the unconscious “care” of their owners. Feeding your dog bones daily can cause a blockage in your intestines. Sooner or later, the moment will come when the feces will stop moving through the intestines and the dog will need urgent surgery. At the moment when the symptoms become obvious, there will be a few hours left for assistance.
When contacting a veterinarian, it is in your best interest not to hide information about violations of the composition of the diet and feeding of the animal. Intentionally hiding information will lead to false paths in the diagnosis, which is fraught with loss of time and death of the pet.
The veterinarian, before performing surgery, will conduct studies that will help to understand the degree and location of the blockage. To take a history, the veterinarian needs to know when the dog last had a bowel movement, whether it has eaten bones in the past three to four days, and whether it showed signs of discomfort or constipation.
The final confirmation of the diagnosis is an x-ray with a contrast agent. Barium, or another contrast agent, illuminates the pathway for fluid to travel through the intestines. In the place where the glow in the image is interrupted, there is a localization of the blockage. In addition, the x-ray shows how strongly the intestines are filled with feces.
Sometimes the doctor has to carry out surgery to prevent rupture of the intestinal walls.
Remember bones are not food. If your dog often swallows bones, constipation is the lesser of the problems you will have to face in the future. Constant deformation of the intestinal walls, due to the accumulation of bones, leads to their obstruction and a decrease in contractility. If the situation drags on, against the background of congestion in the intestines, the dog develops chronic constipation.
Constipation in a dog from bones: what to do and how to help a pet
Dogs are animals that are extremely difficult to suspect of food pickiness. Rather, the opposite is true: dogs can eat whenever and what they want. As a rule, all this “gets off their paws”, but sometimes the digestive system of pets cannot cope with the difficulties that have fallen on it, as a result of which a digestive upset develops. And this is not always diarrhea, although it happens often. Much more dangerous, even if he does not look like that, constipation in a dog.
All stagnation of feces caused by the presence of various foreign bodies in the intestines of the animal is especially dangerous. Constipation, the development of which is due to the eating of bones by the dog, is deadly.
Let’s figure out exactly under what conditions and why such constipation occurs. The reason for its appearance is clear. eating bones by animals rarely benefits the dog. And this, by the way, runs counter to the opinion of many breeders who do not miss the chance to feed their pet “yummy”. But sometimes good impulses turn into tragedy: the dog stops eating, loses weight, becomes lethargic and apathetic, and then may die altogether. And there are many such cases in veterinary practice. Why is this happening?
In the digestive system of dogs, bones simply cannot be digested.
After all, their stomachs are no match for a shark, where even steel gradually dissolves! over, wolves, which are relatives of modern domestic dogs, do not gnaw the bones of animals they kill in the wild. An exception is their brain varieties, from where predators lick the bone marrow.
Thus, you do not need to feed your dog with this. Unless, of course, you want him to leave this mortal world prematurely. But among the bones there are especially dangerous varieties, feeding which often leads not even to constipation, but to internal bleeding and other “troubles”. These include beef, chicken and. fish. Alas, some owners either feed their pets themselves with this food waste, or they simply do not follow the dog, which is why it eats what and where it wants.
The trouble with fish waste is not even that especially thick and flexible bones easily pierce the walls of the esophagus (and often reach the trachea), as well as the stomach and intestines.!
The problem lies in their ability to clump: they fall into large “bundles” in the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract, the consequences of which are extremely severe. Persistent constipation develops, from which only (!) Surgery can save. Without her, the animal is doomed to death.
With chicken and beef bones, the situation is about the same: when the animal gnaws them, the “treats” are split into thin and long fragments. They can easily pierce the walls of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, and also, being semi-digested, form lumps (which we just wrote about). In contrast to the cases with fish bones, it is theoretically possible to destroy them without surgery, but in reality this is not always the case.
What to do if the dog is full of bones?
Let’s say your pet is full of bones. Alas, this happens regularly. This situation is especially typical after feasts, when your pet can find a pile of seductively smelling bones in the trash can. If you find that the dog was still able to get to the food waste, the first thing to do is contact your veterinarian.
Be sure to tell him which bones the dog ate. In no case do not give your pet any laxatives, this is very important! If the amount of bones eaten is small, chances are high that everything will work out well. In the case when the dog behaves as described below for a couple of days, there is nothing to worry about:
- The pet does not show any strange behavior.
- He continues to eat with gusto.
- Physical activity. the same.
- There is no difficulty in going to the toilet (i.e. the dog defecates quickly, painlessly).
- The dog continues to play and run with the same passion.
But when these symptoms develop, you need to immediately look for a veterinarian, regardless of the time of day:
- The animal becomes apathetic, most of the time lies.
- Complete or partial lack of appetite.
- When trying to have a bowel movement. violent, painful attempts.
- Or the dog can poop, but only in the feces, abundant admixtures of bright red blood are visible.
- The animal does not play, does not run, reluctantly responds to commands. Sometimes the dog can whine in pain, does not allow anyone to touch his belly.
All this indicates the need for an early visit to the veterinarian! But what to do when there is no way to immediately contact a specialist, but the condition of the dog at the same time causes serious anxiety? In this case, you should first give the dog inside some kind of enveloping agents that help minimize damage to the walls of the stomach and intestines.
The simplest first aid is liquid paraffin oil, or liquid paraffin. They give it one teaspoon every hour, for seven to eight hours. After this period, regardless of the condition of the animal, you must contact the clinic.
Remember that it is not recommended to do anything else at home! over, we would not recommend using even oil.
If your dog, after eating a large number of bones, has become lethargic and does not go to the toilet, there is always and in all cases the only way to the owner. to the veterinarian. Ignoring this rule leads to the death of the animal.
And yes. in most cases, professional treatment is surgery. The “dump” of bones from the intestines can often be removed only by resorting to radical methods.
What bones can you still give a dog?
But! Puppies should not be offered them until about six months, since animals at such a young age can easily damage the enamel of the teeth. In addition, it is worth delighting your pet with “sugar” bones no more than once a week. In addition to the pleasure of fighting the treat, the dog will brush its teeth at the same time, which is also good.
Finally, chicken isn’t always that bad either, but only when it comes to backs and necks. There are no dangerously splitting bones in these parts, which can injure the gastrointestinal tract or cause constipation. Again, this does not apply to puppies, which in any situation should not be fed with such “treats”. Their digestive system cannot fully process them, as a result of which the development of severe complications is possible.
What to do after treatment?
The problem is that after the operation, most likely, the animal’s digestive system will not return to normal quickly. Simply put, the dog will suffer from all the same constipation, and you will have to feed him very carefully for a couple of months in order to prevent the development of serious complications. The latter, by the way, are often provoked by the owners of the animal themselves. So, following the example of human medicine, they begin to feed the dog with cereals and other herbal remedies, which in humans (!) Stimulate intestinal peristalsis and improve digestion.
We would strongly advise against using some of them for feeding dogs. Bran, for example. It would seem that they are an inexhaustible source of coarse fibers that stimulate (within reasonable limits) the peristaltic activity of the intestine.
But! Please do not use wheat and rice bran. Oatmeal is also not very suitable, as it contains too much starch. In general, too often it happens that any bran leads to flatulence and other digestive problems in dogs, so we would not recommend giving them to the animal (especially in the postoperative period).
Remember that dogs are by nature rather predators, and therefore they do not need a large amount of plant components in their food.
over, if too many plant components with high starch and other simple carbohydrates are included in the animal’s diet, this will contribute to the rapid development of microflora. In particular, there will be signs of severe flatulence. In addition, increased gas production is fraught not only with relatively harmless gas formation, but also with intestinal inflammation.
Let’s summarize. If your pet is too full of bones, we do not recommend doing “amateur performance”. The sooner you see your veterinarian, the more chances you have for a successful outcome. Remember that any careless movement, not to mention self-prescribed drugs, can provoke intestinal perforation in your dog.!
Laxative for dog
Means familiar to humans will not work for a dog, since their action is based on stimulating the work of the intestines. If you give a dog popular drugs such as: Gutallax, Bisacodyl, etc., it will cause a sharp contraction of the intestines. But the compressed feces cannot budge. Which can lead to injury and even rupture of the intestine.
For constipation, a solution of Magnesia is prepared for the dog, but this drug has many contraindications.
The following remedies effectively help the animal:
- Bimin. envelops the intestinal walls inside the hairballs and feces and contributes to their painless and easy exit. It is an odorless, oily liquid. The dog is assigned 1 ml per kilogram of weight.
- Magnesia is an effective remedy, but it has a number of contraindications. It should not be given if the dog has liver, kidney, or heart disease. Magnesia liquefies the feces so that it can pass out of the intestines without problems. For reception, a solution is prepared, the concentration of which depends on the age and weight of the dog.
Any laxative is contraindicated for intestinal tumors, adhesions and obstruction.
First aid for a dog with constipation
If you are unable to contact the clinic, you can try to solve the problem yourself. To do this, do the following:
- Exclude broths, muscle meat, rice, cheese, eggs from the menu.
- You need to feed the dog with warm food, in small doses.
- Include boiled buckwheat, vegetables, boiled fish, fresh kefir, raw beets in the diet.
- For a quick solution to the problem, the dog is given cabbage juice, infusion of pumpkin seeds, yogurt instead of one meal. You should not use all at once, but one thing.
For constipation, an enema with vaseline oil works well.
A radical method is an enema with vaseline oil. Slightly warmed oil is injected into the rectum using a syringe. The procedure is only possible if the oil flows easily. If the introduction of efforts is difficult, it is impossible to apply, since the reason may be intestinal obstruction.
Enema is done with a pre-boiled syringe. The tip is pre-lubricated with petroleum jelly. A muzzle is put on the dog or the muzzle is tied with a bandage. The dog is placed in a bath or basin. The tail is raised with one hand, the tip of the syringe is inserted into the rectum with the other. Oil is introduced and the tip is removed. Then the tail needs to be pressed for a few minutes.
Instead of an enema, vaseline oil can be given by mouth. Small dogs are poured over the cheek with a teaspoon, medium. a tablespoon, large. two tablespoons twice a day. The oil will soften the feces, cover it with a slippery film and the problem will be solved naturally.
Active walking will help normalize intestinal motility.
Important. If all the measures taken have not worked, in any case you need to contact your veterinarian, since constipation can develop against the background of a serious illness and delay will lead to sad consequences. All of the above measures can be applied only if there is confidence in the absence of intestinal obstruction.
Nutrition Correction Tips
If you are prone to constipation, you should adhere to the following recommendations for feeding your dog:
- Food should be as liquid and warm as possible.
- You need to feed the pet fractionally.
- Periodically include raw vegetables in the diet: carrots, cabbage.
- In the absence of allergies, you can give her fresh plums.
Important. If you are prone to constipation, it is not recommended to feed with dry food, it is better to switch to natural food.
How to recognize constipation in a dog
A clear sign of constipation is lack of stool. Normally, a dog should defecate twice a day. If the owner observes a decrease in the number of bowel movements or their complete absence, then the dog suffers from constipation.
Additionally, you may notice the following signs:
- During walks, the dog sits down and pushes, but there is no feces.
- The belly of the dog is swollen or hard, and rumbling is heard in it.
- The pet refuses food, or eats sluggishly, without appetite.
- There is general malaise, lethargy. The dog is reluctant to go for walks, during them it moves a little, tries to sit down.
With prolonged constipation, the dog’s belly noticeably increases, rumbling is heard in it.
Diagnostics and treatment
Only a veterinarian can find out the cause of constipation with absolute certainty. The condition of the intestines is assessed using a special examination. If the specialist fails to establish a diagnosis by palpation and external examination, the dog is prescribed an abdominal X-ray, a blood test, and an ultrasound scan. To determine the patency of the intestine for examination, an X-ray is used using barium sulfate. a contrast agent.
If during the examination no serious diseases are detected, the doctor prescribes drugs that soften the stool:
- As an aid, enemas are prescribed. Pain syndrome is removed with the help of No-shpa or Baralgin.
If the examination reveals that the intestines are full of bone debris, an urgent operation is required. It is performed under general anesthesia. Sometimes it is necessary to remove part of the damaged intestine.
If constipation was caused by a bowel obstruction, immediate foreign body removal surgery is required.
The operation may be required even if the process is running. The veterinarian will give an enema, and then use special forceps to remove the fossilized stool.
Recurrent constipation is possible after surgery. Normalization of the dog’s nutrition will help to avoid this. One of the conditions is to eat in small portions 4-5 times a day. This regime should be adhered to for 1-1.5 months, then switch to the usual two meals a day.
Constipation in a dog: first aid for a pet and how to fix the problem
Difficulty or prolonged absence of defecation is far from harmless. Stool trapped in the intestines can lead to intoxication, rupture of the intestines, serious damage to internal organs and the death of a pet. Therefore, the owners need to know why the dog is constipated and how to help the pet in this situation.
Causes of constipation in a dog
The movement of feces in the intestine occurs due to the undulating contractions of its walls. For the normal passage of the process, the chair must be soft, sufficiently moist and voluminous. Violation of these requirements leads to difficulty in moving the stool in the intestines and, as a result, the development of constipation.
Constipation in dogs is a prolonged absence of bowel movements. It can be due to poor diet or serious illness.
The causes of constipation in a dog can be associated with the quality of food and a violation of intestinal motility:
- Lack of peristalsis. The intestines may stop working due to illness of internal organs, nervous diseases, a sedentary lifestyle.
- Too much or too little food. A large amount of feces leads to difficulty in their movement through the intestines, therefore, they accumulate inside and clog the passages.
The dog tries to empty, but it doesn’t work.
Prevention of constipation
Constipation is easier to prevent than to cure later.
To prevent your pet from ever suffering from this problem, the following must be observed:
Any disease requires clarification and elimination of its cause. Constipation in a dog does not just happen. It means that there are problems in keeping, caring for the animal or indicates the presence of internal diseases. The pet needs to be provided with qualified assistance so that constipation does not torment him in the future.
We suggest watching a video in which a veterinarian answers questions about constipation in dogs. We wish you a pleasant viewing!
Signs, Causes and Treatment of Constipation in Dogs
How to properly give an enema to a dog?
Enema is one of the available and effective methods of providing first aid to an animal with constipation. You can do it with the help of Esmarch’s mug or syringes of different sizes. Before the procedure itself, it is advisable to inject the pet intramuscularly drugs No-shpu or Baralgin (at the rate of 0.1 ml per 1 kg of body weight) in order to relax the intestines, anesthetize and prevent the appearance of spasms.
An enema solution can be boiled or glycerin water, water with fish oil, petroleum jelly. Their volume depends on the size and weight of the dog. An animal weighing up to 20 kg needs 200 ml, 20–40 kg. 0.5 l, 50 kg. 1 l. The liquid should not be cold, but not hot either, its temperature should remain in the range of 27-37 ° С.
It is best to give an enema to a dog together. The sequence of actions during the procedure is as follows:
- The dog is muzzled and laid on its side.
- The tip of the pear and the anus of the animal are lubricated with vegetable or vaseline oil.
- Then the tip is carefully inserted into the rectum to a depth of 3-5 cm, holding the dog so that it does not move.
- When the tip is inserted, slowly press on the walls of the pear.
- The liquid should pass inside without difficulty, but if there are any obstacles, check if the tip is clogged with feces. If it is clean, but the solution is still not poured, the procedure should be discontinued and immediately contact the veterinarian.
- If the liquid passes normally, it is poured all over, after which the syringe tip is removed from the anus.
- Take the dog’s tail, press it to the anus and hold it in this position for 5–7 minutes. All this time, the animal must lie on the floor.
- After this, the pet is released.
If done correctly, the animal usually defecates as soon as it gets up.
Self-help to the dog is primarily in the formulation of an enema. It will allow you to quickly cleanse the intestines of feces, which will immediately have a positive effect on the pet’s well-being.
As for nutrition, according to veterinarians, constipation in dogs can be caused by a monotonous unbalanced diet, consisting mainly of food of animal origin, but with a minimum of cereals and vegetables (sources of fiber).
The same can happen if animals are constantly fed exclusively dry food. If at the same time they receive less water, constipation develops much faster. Bowel obstruction can cause thick or sharp bones that get stuck in the intestines in dogs and interfere with the normal movement of feces.
What to do with chronic constipation?
If a pet suffers from chronic constipation, and upon examination by a veterinarian, no health problems have been identified, the reasons for this condition may lie in insufficient fluid, improper diet, and lack of exercise. Therefore, the owner must constantly monitor that the animal has access to fresh water.
The daily menu should contain products that are healthy for the dog, and not delicacies from the master’s table, which many owners feed their pets with. A diet high in meat and low in fiber is a major cause of bowel problems in healthy animals. It must contain cereals and vegetables, which have a beneficial effect on the peristalsis of the dog’s intestines.
And finally, the dog needs to be walked often and for a long time. At the same time, she should move, run, jump, and not sit next to the owner. Moderate physical activity also helps to normalize the process of digestion and excretion of feces. However, you should not exhaust the animal at the same time.
Constipation in a dog also occurs due to diseases of the digestive system. the stomach, liver and pancreas, as well as as a result of neurological disorders, tumors, metabolic diseases and infections, intestinal blockage with worms.
How to tell if your dog is constipated?
It happens that an outwardly healthy and active animal with a good appetite cannot go to the toilet normally. This can happen once or it can be repeated many times. Constipation in a dog is not just an annoying misunderstanding, but an alarming sign, indicating that not everything is in order with its health.
Constipation is a medical and veterinary term for delayed, obstructed, or chronically insufficient bowel movements. It is not difficult to determine that the dog has this particular pathology.
The physiology of dogs is such that a healthy adult animal should defecate at least once a day. But it is better if it does it 2 times a day. every time it goes outside. In this case, the feces should be homogeneous, not dry, without foreign inclusions (not digested pieces of food, blood, foam), and also not have a musty or putrid odor.
If there is no bowel movement for more than 1 day, and the dog, when trying to go to the toilet for a long time, cannot do this, pushes, sits down several times, while it can squeal and look at its back, then this most likely means that it has constipation.
When the animal still manages to part with the contents of the intestine, then the feces look like dry dark lumps. If, at the same time, the cleansing of the intestines is incomplete, then the dog’s well-being gradually worsens. it loses its appetite, lies almost all the time, refuses to contact people.
Pay attention to your dog’s diet
Noticing signs of constipation in a dog, it must be immediately transferred to another diet. It is important to completely eliminate dry food and bones. You do not need to dilute porridge with fat broth. To improve the work of peristalsis, once a day, you can add 1-2 drops of vegetable or olive oil to food.
If stagnation in the intestines of a pet is often observed, then its nutrition needs to be balanced and varied. The following foods will help to improve bowel function:
- barley and buckwheat porridge (not in broth);
- boiled vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, broccoli, beets);
- cabbage juice.
Vegetables can be given both boiled and raw. Prunes are also useful, but feeding such a treat to a dog is not easy. It can be finely chopped, added to the main food of the animal 2-3 times a week.
It is necessary to completely exclude fatty foods from the diet. Also, if you have frequent bowel problems, dogs should not be given a lot of meat. Avoid whole milk and fresh baked goods. over, do not give your pet what you eat yourself. His feeding must be separate.
How often and why does the dog have constipation
Each breed of dog has its own weak spot, because of which there is a need to visit a veterinarian from time to time. Some often suffer from stomach problems, others have a weak liver or kidneys, others are worried about the pancreas, etc. All this increases the risk of developing intestinal dysfunction and, if not fed properly, animals face constipation.
The most dangerous are intestinal congestion, which has arisen as a symptom of one of these diseases:
- inflammation of the pancreas;
- liver dysfunction;
- poor kidney function;
- orthopedic problems;
- abnormal formations in the intestines or anus;
- enlargement of the prostate gland (in males);
- ailments of the stomach, etc.
My Dog is Constipated (Symptom, Signs, and Treatment)
Young dogs often suffer from a lack of bowel movement due to overeating. Therefore, it is important to establish a norm for the pet and try not to exceed it, even if he asks for more. Constipation also develops against the background of an unbalanced diet with insufficient fiber.
Most often, older individuals suffer from problems with stool. This is especially true for dogs that are inactive.
Also, the reasons for the appearance of an ailment such as constipation include:
In addition to the above, the absence of a bowel movement in a dog occurs due to intestinal obstruction. This pathology can be provoked by a solid object swallowed by an animal or an accumulation of a large amount of wool (found in fluffy dogs). Often constipation in a dog after bones, especially chicken bones (they should not be given to a pet at all).
Your dog has bone constipation what to do
Defecation disorders in pets are common. So, constipation in a dog occurs more often than in cats and there are many reasons for this. Determining fecal stasis in a pet is quite simple. With regard to treatment, things are a little more complicated here.
How to help your pet
If you notice constipation in dogs, treatment should be started as soon as possible. If the feces come out partially and the animal feels satisfactory, then you can try to cope with the problem yourself.
With drugs that activate the work of peristalsis and intestines, dogs are allowed the following means:
- Sodium Picosulfate.
It is better to refrain from medical treatment of your pet in the complete absence of defecation. In this case, the dog must be taken to the veterinarian for a complete examination. If the cause of constipation is some kind of ailment or a swallowed object, then giving the animal a laxative, you can harm it even more.
Also, do not self-medicate if constipation is accompanied by anxious behavior, drowsiness, vomiting, refusal to eat, and soreness of the abdomen. The dog needs to carry out a number of laboratory tests, do x-rays and ultrasound of the abdominal cavity.
Can a dog do an enema for constipation?
Constipation in a dog, what to do if there is no stool for more than a day? An enema is a great way to help your pet empty. It provides one hundred percent emptying of the intestines from the accumulated feces.
However, an enema for a dog with constipation is recommended only in case of functional stool retention. If a problematic bowel movement is associated with a pet having a serious illness or pathological formation in the intestine, then an enema can be harmful. Therefore, before starting such treatment, you need to consult a veterinarian.
The enema solution should be warm. For the best effect, petroleum jelly is added to it. The pear should be introduced into the rectum without effort, gently and slowly. If the liquid does not pass and immediately flows out, then the procedure should not be continued. This may indicate an intestinal obstruction.
First aid at home: liquid paraffin
Constipation in a dog what to do at home to relieve the condition of the pet and restore stool? If you are sure that the dog is constipated due to improper nutrition, for therapeutic purposes, you can give it a small amount of petroleum jelly.
Vaseline oil for constipation in dogs helps to soften the stool accumulated in the intestines and resume the work of peristalsis. In addition, this substance is absolutely safe for dogs, since it is not absorbed into the body and is excreted along with excrement.
You need to give the oil inside, putting it in the animal’s favorite treat. It should be warm, and the portions are small: half a teaspoon for small dogs, a teaspoon for medium and one and a half large ones. The recommended dosage is given twice a day, until the stool is restored.
If the animal has no appetite, then the remedy can be given with a syringe, after removing the needle from it.
If a puppy is constipated
Overeating is the most common cause of constipation in puppies, as at this age dogs usually do not know what to do and eat until they see the bottom of the bowl. Therefore, at the first problems with bowel movement, you need to reconsider the number of feedings for a small pet and reduce portions.
If defecation is completely absent, then the animal should be taken to the veterinarian. In case of partial excretion of feces, the puppy can be helped to restore stool by the following methods:
- give half a teaspoon of petroleum jelly;
- do a tummy massage;
- resort to micro enema.
- Postoperative constipation in dogs
Intestinal obstruction after surgery is quite common. And this applies not only to humans, but also to dogs.
If the dog has symptoms of constipation after the operation, then it should be immediately taken to the veterinarian. Otherwise, the animal may undergo another surgical intervention.
The causes of constipation in dogs in the postoperative period are antibiotics and other medications that are given to the pet for a better and faster recovery. Therefore, it is important to maintain the animal’s microflora healthy until the end of therapy.
The pet’s diet during this period should consist exclusively of light foods. Useful will be the use of kefir with the addition of bran.
Recognizing constipation is easy
In the absence of any intestinal problems, the dog defecates twice a day. Owners may suspect constipation in a pet due to the absence of bowel movements for more than a day. If the animal has never gone to the toilet during the day, then this is a wake-up call that it’s time to visit the veterinarian.
Also, constipation in a dog has the following symptoms:
- making an effort when trying to defecate;
- attempts to go to the toilet end in nothing;
- soreness when emptying (the dog may whine);
- too dry stool;
- a small amount of faeces of an abnormal shape;
- presence of hairballs in feces.
In animals, with a prolonged absence of stool, the urge to defecate becomes more frequent. The dog often asks to go outside, whines and trembles, but in the end, after another attempt to defecate, the feces still do not come out. At the same time, the pet’s belly is unnaturally hard when probing, which is explained by bloating due to the accumulation of gases.